FORM FOUR HISTORY NECTA MULTIPLE CHOICE(2005-2018)
FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

012              HISTORY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                    Tuesday, 05th November 2019 p,mo

Instructions

  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of nine (9) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4.  All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) What are the major types of oral traditions? 

  1. Museums and archives
  2.  Poems and proverbs
  3. Historical sites and narration of events
  4.  Archaeology and museum
  5.  Cultural practices and narration of events


(ii) Why is Charles Darwin famous in history?

  1.  He discovered pebbles and chopping tools.
  2.  He discovered the fossil of mans ancestors.
  3.  He introduced the theory of creation.
  4.  He discovered the remains of old people. 
  5. He introduced the theory of evolution.


(iii) What was the most common method of farming in pre-colonial Africa?

  1. Mixed farming 
  2. Plantation agriculture 
  3. Shifting cultivation
  4. Slash and burn cultivation
  5. Permanent crop cultivation


(iv) As a historian, which one would you consider as Prince Henrys main aims in organizing the Portuguese voyages to West and East African coasts?

  1. Acquiring raw materials, markets and cheap labour
  2.  Acquiring colonies, raw materials and markets
  3.  Spreading Christianity, adventure, and trade
  4.  Establishing processing industries, markets and raw materials
  5.  Abolishing slave trade, slavery and introduction of legitimate trade


(v) What took place in Europe between 1750s and 1850s?

  1. Industrial revolution
  2. Scramble for Africa
  3. Mercantile capitalism 
  4. Emergency of slave trade
  5. Monopoly capitalism


  (vi) Colonialism was established through 

  1.  post-colonial political changes.
  2. Violence and coercion
  3. piracy and plundering.
  4. Revolution and violence
  5. waylaying and bogus treaties.


 (vii) Who headed the Central government of the colony? 

  1. Queen    
  2. Governor
  3. Secretary for colonies
  4. Secretary General
  5. Minister for colonies


 (viii) The law that demanded the Africans to carry a labour card "Kipande" aimed at ensuring that

  1.  the European colony is exploited effectively.
  2.  there is effective occupation of the colony.
  3.  the Africans should be allowed to grow cash crops.
  4.  the welfare of the Africans were taken care of.
  5. the white farmers got a cheap supply of labour.


 (ix) Why the British in East Africa provided colonial health services to few areas such as settler plantation areas, military camps and cash crop producing areas?

  1.  To make their subjects support the colonial rule.
  2.  To keep their subjects wealthier and resistant to diseases.
  3.  To make their subjects fit for economic production.
  4.  To make their subjects loyal to the colonial state.
  5.  To stop their subjects from using traditional medicines.


  (x) Which of the following were the long-term causes of the First World War?

  1. The formation of military alliances among the great powers of Europe.
  2. The need for revenge among the European powers.
  3. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Serbia.
  4. The rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazism in Germany.
  1. I and II
  2. II and III
  3. IV and I
  4. III and IV
  5. I and III


(xi) Which of the following were the countries which used constitutional means to gain their political independence?

  1. Mozambique and Nigeria
  2. Kenya and Tanganyika
  3. Ghana and Uganda
  4. Uganda and Tanganyika
  1. I and II
  2. II and III
  3. IV and I
  4. III and IV
  5. I and III


(xii) What challenged the work of the police in 1998 in East Africa?

  1.  Terrorist bombing attacks
  2.  Idi Amins government take over from Milton Obote
  3.  Launching over the New East African Community
  4.  Inciting genocide in Rwanda
  5. Adoption of the universal Declaration of Human Rights


(xiii)   The social challenges facing people in Africa include 

  1. political instability and tribalism.
  2.  tribalism and neo-colonialism.
  3.  colonialism and illiteracy.
  4.  illiteracy and diseases.
  5.  corruption and lack of rule of law.


(xiv) Which organ of the United Nations investigates situations that pose threat to international peace?

  1. The Executive Secretariat
  2. The General Assembly
  3. The Trusteeship Council
  4. The Security Council
  5. The Red Cross


(xv) The international organization undermined by Hitler was called

  1. United Nations Organization. 
  2. League of Nations.
  3. Non-Aligned Movement.
  4. Berlin conference. 
  5. International Court of Justice.


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2018

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA

CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

012             HISTORY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours          Wednesday, 07nd November 2018 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all       questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1.  For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)   The average differences of age between parents and their children is called

  1. period.
  2.  age
  3. family tree.
  4. timeline. 
  5. generation. 


(ii)  The first creature to walk in an upright fashion was called

  1. Homo Erectus.
  2. Primates.
  3. Homo Sapiens. 
  4. Hominids.
  5. Homo Habilis. 


(iii)  Archaeological findings whose ages are beyond 5,000 years are determined by

  1. using archives.
  2. using carbon 14.
  3. remembering events. 
  4. using time charts.
  5.  narration of past events. 


(iv)  What was the achievement of man during the Middle Stone Age?

  1. Discovery of fire
  2. Development of bipedalism
  3.  Domestication of animals 
  4. Making and using pebble tools
  5. Discovery of iron


(v)  Which one among the following places did people paint and draw in the caves?

  1. Sofala
  2.  Karagwe
  3. Kondoa Irangi
  4. Tabora
  5. Bagamoyo 


(vi) Trading contacts between East Africa and Asia in the 16th  centuries were disturbed by 

  1. Berlin conference resolutions.
  2. activities of agents of colonialism.
  3. expulsion of the Portuguese.
  4. effects of the First World War.
  5. Portuguese invasion. 


(vii) Who was the greatest ruler of Mali.

  1. Askia Mohamed
  2. Mansa Kankan Musa
  3. Osei Tutu  
  4. Uthman dan Fodio
  5. Suni Ali


(viii) The making of goods and services available for human needs is known as

  1. consumption. 
  2.  production.
  3. consolidation. 
  4. interaction.
  5.  transition.


(ix) Which one of the following was the immediate consequence of the development of Triangular trade?

  1. Decolonization of African countries
  2. Disruption of trans-Saharan trade
  3. Scramble and partition of Africa
  4. Adaptation of the Open Door Policy
  5. Implementation of indirect rule policy


(x) America defeated her colonial master in 

  1. 1873.
  2. 1884. 
  3. 1945.
  4. 1776. 
  5. 1918.


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2017

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

012                   HISTORY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                              Thursday, 02nd November 2017 p.m. 

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all       questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

 Answer all questions in this section.

 1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Which of the following are included in the museums?

  1. Cultural, social and economic items from the earliest time to the present.
  2. Remains which show man’s past made and used tools.
  3. Cultural practices such as art, music religion and riddles.
  4. Colonial records and early traveller’s records.
  5. Special names of generations, clan trees and tribal chronology.


(ii) The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were

  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya 
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.


(iii) The type of colonial agriculture which predominated in Kenya was

  1. plantation 
  2. peasant 
  3. co-operative 
  4. settler
  5. pastoralism.


(iv)The primitive communal societies were characterized by the following features except

  1. hunting and gathering
  2. low production 
  3. exploitation of man by man 
  4. low level of technology 
  5. dependence on nature.


(vi)Who convened the conference which legalized the colonization of Africa?

  1. David Livingstone.
  2. Carl Peters.
  3. Otto Von Bismarck.
  4. Charles Darwin.
  5. Adolf Hitler.


(vii)      The period which was characterized by intense competition and warfare among the European states during the 17th century is called      

  1. capitalism
  2. mercantilism
  3. feudalism
  4. industrial revolution
  5.  scramble.


(viii)When did most parts of East Africa adopt iron technology?

  1.  1ST millennium AD. 
  2. 1ST millennium BC. 
  3. 3RD millennium AD. 
  4. 2ND millenium AD.
  5. 2ND millennium BC.


(ix) The increase of the European merchants in the interior of Africa after the abolition of slave trade aimed at

  1.  intensifying slavery and slave trade
  2.  establishing heavy industries
  3.  searching for the sea route to India
  4. Establishing legitimate trade
  5. assisting the Africans economically.


(x) Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because

  1. the colonialists were interested in obtaining raw materials
  2. the colonialists stressed on the provision of social services
  3. the climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2016

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

012 HISTORY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Thursday, 03rd November 2016 p.m. 

Instructions

 1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.

3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

4. All drawings should be in pencil.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) One of the factors for the fall of Songhai empire was

  1.  invasion from the Moroccans
  2.  attacks from the Tuaregs
  3.  attacks from the almoravids
  4.  establishment of colonialism
  5.  introduction of legitimate trade.


(ii) What was the major cause of the Great Depression?

  1.  Second World War. 
  2.  First World War. 
  3.  Berlin Conference 
  4.  Boer Trek. 
  5.  Anglo-Boer war.


(iii) The first European nation to industrialize was

  1.  Germany 
  2.  Britain 
  3.  France 
  4.  Belgium 
  5.  Holland.


(iv) The theory of evolution was proposed by

  1.  Louis Leakey 
  2.  Carl Peters 
  3.  Charles Darwin 
  4.  Henry Stanley 
  5.  Donald Cameron.


(v) Three pre-colonial modes of production which existed in Africa were

  1.  Socialism, capitalism and communism
  2.  Socialism, capitalism and communalism
  3.  Slavery, feudalism and communalism 
  4.  Slavery, feudalism and communism 
  5.  Socialism, capitalism and humanism.


(vi) The core ideas of the French Revolution were

  1.  slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialism
  2.  markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  3.  communalism, slavery and feudalism
  4.  fraternity, liberty and equality
  5.  scramble, partition and bogus treaties.


(vii) The people whose work is to study and explain remains which show man’s physical development and the tools he made and used are called

  1.  Iron Smiths 
  2.  Industrialists 
  3.  Revolutionists 
  4.  Evolutionists 
  5.  Archaeologists.


(viii) Which among the following include the three organs of the United Nations Organization?

  1.  The General Assembly, Secretariat and the World Bank.
  2.  The Secretariat, Security Council and General Assembly.
  3.  The World Bank, League of Nations and Security Council.
  4.  The International Court of Justice, World Bank and Secretariat.
  5.  The Security Council, UNESCO and International Court of Justice.


(ix) The economic system of goods and services which comprised activities such as trade, manufacturing, agriculture and mining during the colonial era is called

  1.  Neo-colonialism 
  2.  Trusteeship 
  3.  Nationalism 
  4.  Bureaucracy 
  5.  Colonial economy.


(x) Who discovered the skull of the earliest ancestors of man in Olduvai Gorge?

  1.  David Livingstone. 
  2.  Charles Darwin. 
  3.  Carl Peters. 
  4.  Vasco Da Gama. 
  5.  Louis Leakey.


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2015

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

012  HISTORY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Wednesday, 04th November 2015 p.m.

Instructions

 1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.

3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

4. All drawings should be in pencil.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) ­ (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) The places which are created for preserving historical information are called

  1.  archives
  2.  archaeology
  3.  oral traditions
  4.  museums
  5.  libraries.


(ii) Which of the following is NOT a historical site in Tanzania?

  1.  Isimila.
  2.  Olduvai gorge.
  3.  Kondoa Irangi.
  4.  Kilwa.
  5.  Kalenga.


(iii) The family from which man evolved is known as

  1.  Zinjanthropus
  2.  Homo Habilis
  3.  Primates
  4.  Homo Sapiens
  5.  Homo Erectus.


(iv) What was the achievement of man during the late Stone Age?

  1.  Discovered fire and ate cooked food.
  2.  Started walking upright using fore­limbs.
  3.  Made and used pebble and chopping tools.
  4.  Started walking on all four limbs
  5.  Established settled communities.


(v) Which one among the following places did people extract salt from salt bearing rocks?

  1.  Uvinza and Taghaza.
  2.  Taghaza and Bilma.
  3.  Axum and Taghaza.
  4.  Meroe and Egypt
  5.  Uvinza and Bilma.


(vi) Which one among the following factors contributed to the rise of states in Africa?

  1.  Low level of productive forces.
  2.  Presence of chartered companies.
  3.  Hunting and gathering activities.
  4.  Absence of classes among the people.
  5.  Availability of iron technology.


(vii) Who commanded the respect of all and acted as a unifying force among the Maasai?

  1.  Kabaka.
  2.  Omukama.
  3.  Morani.
  4.  Warriors.
  5.  Laibon.


(viii) The organization comprising of less developed countries in the world is called

  1.  Non­Aligned Movement
  2.  Organization of African Unity
  3.  East African Community
  4.  United Nations Organization
  5.  New Partnership for Africa’s Development.


(ix) Which one of the following best explains the reason which made Mozambique to use force during her struggle for independence? 

  1. A It was a mandated territory.
  2.  It was a trusteeship territory.
  3.  It adopted the Open Door Policy.
  4.  It was a settler colony.
  5.  It was under indirect rule policy.


(x) The following was one of the characteristics of colonial education except

  1.  it based on rudimentary curriculum
  2.  it segregated the Africans
  3.  it focused on literacy and numeracy
  4.  it reflected the interests of the Africans.
  5.  it was provided to few people.


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2014

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
 CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION 

012 HISTORY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Wednesday, 05th November 2014 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, and C.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in your answer booklet.

(i) Cultural practices through which historical information can be obtained include

  1.  archaeology, museum and archives
  2.  museums, archives and religion 
  3. archaeology, funerals and riddles
  4. superstitions, religion and riddles
  5. oral tradition, museums and archives.


(ii) Which of the following is the famous local museum in Tanzania? 

  1.  Olduvai Gorge
  2. Bagamoyo
  3. Kilwa
  4. Kondoa
  5. Kalenga.


(iii) In the process of evolution, a true man had appeared by about 

  1.  500 years ago
  2. 5,000 years ago
  3.  50,000 years ago
  4. 500,000 years ago
  5. 5,000,000 years ago.


(iv) The most crucial changes in the evolution of man were 

  1.  bi-pedalism and development of the brain
  2. domestication of crops and animals
  3.  division of labour and expansion of agriculture
  4. establishment of settlements and domestication of crops
  5.  discovery of stone tools and fire.


(v) The period which man was able to make chopping and pebble tools is known as 

  1.  Late Stone Age
  2. Old Stone Age
  3.  Middle Stone Age
  4. Iron Age
  5. Industrial age.


(vi) Cultural practices through which historical information can be obtained include 

  1.  Katanga
  2. Tanga
  3.  Bunyoro
  4. Uvinza
  5. Meroe.


(vii) When was an International Organization comprising of independent states from all over the world formed?

  1.  Towards the end of the abolition of slave trade.
  2. Towards the beginning of the First World War. 
  3. During the establishment of colonialism.
  4. Towards the end of the Second World War.
  5. During the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885.


(viii) Why the rulers of small Ngoni groups were able to defeat and consolidate their power to most of the East African societies?

  1.  Their female subjects were married by defeated tribes.
  2. Their male subjects were agents of colonialism.
  3.  Their army used more magic power than weapons.
  4.  Their army had poor weapons like guns.
  5.  War captives were spared and recruited into Ngoni armies.


(ix) Why the knowledge of iron-working was kept secret in some societies during pre-colonial period?

  1.  They wanted to develop division of labour.
  2.  Iron had the immediate use value to some societies.
  3.  They wanted to maintain monopoly of the blacksmiths.
  4.  They had plans of using it in making ornaments.
  5. It enabled men to play a middlemans role in salt and gold.


(x) What is the most supreme organ of the United Nations Organization? 

  1.  Trusteeship Council
  2. Secretariat
  3.  Security Council
  4.  General Assembly
  5. International Court of Justice.


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2013

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
 CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION   

012 HISTORY

(For School Candidates Only)

Time: 3 Hours Wednesday, 06th November 2013 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, and C.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) The action that man takes against nature aims at

  1.  studying the changes in the process of material production
  2. explaining mans struggle against nature
  3.  showing the relationships between man and man in production
  4. developing understanding on man and his environment
  5. changing natural objects into a condition of satisfying human needs.


(ii) Which of the following are included in the archives? 

  1.  Division of time into days, weeks and years.
  2. Family trees, time lines and time charts.
  3.  Colonial records and early travellers records.
  4. Cultural items from the earliest times to the present.
  5. Items which show mans physical development.


(iii) Who among the following was the first systematic tool maker and had a bigger brain than that of Zinjanthropus?

  1. Homo Habilis.
  2. Homo Sapiens. 
  3. Homo Eractus.
  4. Modern Man.
  5. Modern Apes.


(iv) Which of the following best explains the Old Stone Age? 

  1. Man made industrial machines.
  2. Man established social institutions.
  3. Man ate cooked food.
  4. Man made tools like hand axes.
  5. Man domesticated crops and animals.


(v) In areas such as Kondoa-Irangi, paintings and drawings in caves give evidence of the activities of

  1. iron smelters
  2. settled communities
  3. colonial legacy
  4. education for adaptation
  5. slave trade and slavery.


(vi) African countries have tried to bring about real independence through 

  1. setting up new factories and political instabilities in Africa
  2. improving communication system and military coups
  3. expanding education and agricultural practices
  4. establishing heavy industries and free market economy
  5. expanding agricultural production and administering Trust Territories.


(vii) Which of the following societies in West Africa were famous in using copper alloys for making various ornaments?

  1. Ibo and Yoruba.
  2. Venda and Mashona. 
  3. Manganja and Fulani.
  4. Yoruba and Mandika.
  5. Mandika and Ibo.


(viii) Most of the traders during the early commercial contacts between East Africa and the Far East came from

  1. China and Egypt
  2. Europe and China
  3. Egypt and Indonesia
  4. Indonesia and Europe
  5. Indonesia and China.


(ix) In Britain, the years between 1780 and 1820 formed the period of transition from commercial capitalism to

  1. monopoly capitalism
  2. primitive accumulation of capital
  3.  the age of mercantilism
  4. industrial capitalism
  5. the period of scramble for Africa.


(x) One of the features of monopoly capitalism is

  1. merging bank capital and trade
  2. formation of big African monopolies
  3. expansion of industrial production in the capitalist countries
  4. growth of small scale production in Europe
  5. emergence of slave trade and slavery in Africa.


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2012

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
 CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION 

012 HISTORY

(For School Candidates Only)

Time: 3 Hours Wednesday, 06th October 2012 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, and C.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) One of the advantages of the study of history is:

  1.  to understand why man is a living creature.
  2. to understand the changes in relations between man and environment. 
  3. to understand the beginning and the end of the world.
  4. to learn to be tolerant to environmental issues.
  5. to understand how the environment struggles against man.


(ii) During the 1840s the East African coastal trade was dominated by:

  1. Mazrui Arabs
  2. Oman Arabs 
  3. British traders
  4. German traders
  5. Indian traders.


(iii) From 1948, the coordination of all matters of common interest to Tanganyika, Kenya and Uganda were placed under the:

  1. East Africa Governors Conference.
  2. East Africa Coordination Committee. 
  3. East Africa Common Services.
  4. East Africa High Commission.
  5. East Africa Common Market.


(iv) Asante was one of the Forest states which resisted against the: 

  1. French
  2. Germans
  3. Belgians
  4. Dutch
  5. British.


(v) One of the features of monopoly capitalism was: 

  1. the emergence of financial capital.
  2. the emergence of new small capitalists. 
  3. a tremendous decline of commercial activities.
  4. primitive accumulation of capital.
  5. export of raw materials.


(vi) The Hamerton treaty (1845) was about:

  1. allowing Sultan of Zanzibar to buy slaves outside East Africa.
  2. forbidding Sultan of Zanzibar to export slaves outside East Africa. 
  3. allowing Sultan of Zanzibar to sell slaves in Arabia.
  4. abolishing slave trade and slavery in all British colonies.
  5. closing all slave markets along the coast of East Africa.


(vii) Which of the following is the best method of fossil dating for objects which have stayed for several millions of years?

  1. Palaeontology. 
  2. Potassium Organ method.
  3. Archaeology. 
  4. Carbon 14 Test.
  5. Calcium carbonate.


(viii) The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) is the term used to denote: 

  1. independence given illegally by British to settlers in Rhodesia.
  2. the white settlers in Rhodesia declaring their independence. 
  3. British refusing to give independence to settlers in Rhodesia.
  4. Settlers in Rhodesia acquiring independence from Britain by force.
  5. Settlers rejection in Rhodesia to be given self-rule by the British.


(ix) One of the major problems that hindered the attainment of unity in Uganda immediately after independence was:

  1. religious conflicts. 
  2. dictatorship of Idd Amin.
  3. civil wars. 
  4. racial segregation.
  5. tribalism.


(x) In which organ of UNO is the power of Veto effective? 

  1. International Court of Justice.
  2. Economic and Social Council.
  3. Security Council.
  4. Secretariat.
  5. General Assembly.


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2011

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
 CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION   

012 HISTORY

(For School Candidates Only)

Time: 3 Hours Wednesday, 05th October 2011 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, and C.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer sheet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) Which is not true about History?

  1. History is a study of changes in the process of material production.
  2. History shows mans struggle against nature.
  3. History shows the changing relationship between human beings in the course of material production.
  4. History is a record of human activities.
  5. History is a study of great heroes.


(ii) Which among the following describes Homosapiens correctly?

  1. Thinking man. 
  2. Tool-maker.
  3. Early man.
  4. Modern man.
  5. Man at early Stone Age.


(iii) Which of the following was not a reason for the coming of Europeans to Africa before 1800? 

  1. To find an alternative route to India and Far East.
  2. To abolish slave trade and introduce Christianity. 
  3. o find a new source of trade.
  4. To look for gold, silver and spices in Africa and Asia.
  5. To capture and control the Indian Ocean trade.


(iv) The leader of Chimurenga uprising of 1896-1897 in Rhodesia were 

  1. Mkwati and Kinjekitile
  2. Siginyamatish and Lobengula.
  3. Mkwati and Siginyamatish.
  4. Mkwati and Lobengula.
  5. Lobengula and Rumunguru.


(v) The disintegration of Soviet Union influenced the 

  1. demise of socialism and monopartism.
  2. collapse of the League of Nations.
  3. end of VETO system in the UNO.
  4. disintegration of the Non-Alignment Movement.
  5. fragmentation of NATO.


(vi) Which of the following statements is true about the ancient Empire of Mali? 

  1. It first came into power with the defeat of Sundiata by Sumanguru.
  2. It was overthrown by invasion from Ghana.
  3. It extended its boundaries as far as Lake Chad.
  4. It grew rich by controlling Trans Saharan trade.
  5. It was formed after the collapse of Songhai Empire.


(vii) Menelick II became Emperor of Ethiopia in

  1. 1895 
  2. 1886 
  3. 1889
  4. 1893 
  5. 1896


(viii) The idea of forming an organisation of Non Aligned Countries originated at

  1. Bandung Afro Asian Congress in 1955.
  2. Bandung Afro Asian Congress in 1961. 
  3. Belgrade Yugoslavia in 1955.
  4. Belgrade Yugoslavia in 1961.
  5. United Socialist Union of Russia in 1961


(ix) Which of the following was not encouraged by the policies of Ujamaa in Tanzania? 

  1. The cooperative movement.
  2. Regional development for equity.
  3. Villagisation Camps.
  4. Peoples self projects.
  5. Peoples development through self reliance.


(x) The Trans Atlantic slave trade had the following outcome except 

  1. loss of African culture.
  2. loss of African technology.
  3. loss of manpower in Africa.
  4. the growth of forest states of Benin, Oyo and Ife.
  5. scramble of Africa by European nations


FORM FOUR HISTORY MULTIPLE CHOICE 2010

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA
NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION 

012 HISTORY

(For School Candidates Only)

Time: 3 Hours Wednesday, 6th October 2010 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, and C.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Calculators are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. All drawings should be in pencil.
  6. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet (s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) One of the effects regarding the coming of Europeans to West Africa was 

  1. the introduction of iron technology
  2. establishment of heavy industries
  3. the growth of western Sudanic states
  4. the distortion of the Trans-Saharan Trade
  5. the decline of tribal wars.


(ii) The following are functions of the clan heads except 

  1. allocating land for agriculture
  2. choosing spouses for the young men
  3. settling conflicts
  4. presiding over religious ceremonies
  5. ruling a number of villages.


(iii) The prominent groups of people in iron working in Africa included the 

  1. Venda people of Northern Africa and Mashona of Zimbabwe
  2. Mashona of Zambia and Manganja of Malawi
  3. Nubians of Sudan and the Venda of Northern Transvaal
  4. Nubians of Kongo and the Mashona of Zimbabwe
  5. Ibo and Yoruba in West Africa.


(iv) One of the notable United Nations failure in its objectives is its inability to 

  1. control food shortage
  2. eradicate colonial rule
  3. establish tribunes for war criminals
  4. prevent big powers from violating its principles
  5. control poverty in Africa.


(v) The Boers who trekked away from the cape colony in the late 1830s were known as the 

  1. Voortrekkers
  2. Isandlahwana
  3. Afrikaners Bond
  4. Uitlanders
  5. Khoisan


(vi) Written records as a source of history are more preferred to oral traditions because of the following reason.

  1. Written records do not require space
  2. Oral traditions can be exaggerated and it is difficult to reproduce the same contents
  3. Oral traditions are expressed in centuries
  4. Written records do not require language as a medium of communication
  5. Oral traditions are controlled by leaders of a given society.


(vii) Karl Peters signed a number of treaties with African chiefs on the coastal hinterland of Tanganyika because he wanted to

  1. please chancellor Bismark of Germany
  2. establish the unity among African chiefdoms
  3. accomplish colonial economic motives of the German East Africa Company
  4. accomplish the signing of the Heligoland Treaty
  5. recruit the chief of Msowero to become member of the German East African Company.


(viii) The demise of the Portuguese in East African Coast could be explained as

  1. the Portuguese rivals overpowered them
  2. the Portuguese did not have enough soldiers and administrators to control their empire 
  3. Portuguese soldiers were corrupt and brutal
  4. the Portuguese control of the Indian Ocean trade and gold in Mwenemutapas empire was less profitable
  5. Portugal had already industrialised.


(ix) Which major problem faced independent Africa in political aspects after independence?

  1. Low income to the majority
  2. Experts without white collar job 
  3. The balance of ministers from former colonial masters
  4. Size of independent states
  5. Imbalance in power sharing


(x) Indirect Rule was predominant in the following regions 

  1. South Africa, Namibia and Zimbabwe
  2. Uganda, Nigeria and Tanganyika
  3. Uganda, Kenya and Zanzibar
  4. Zimbabwe, Kenya and Congo
  5. Cameroon, Namibia and Tanganyika


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