(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Year: 2021


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of nine (9) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries twenty (20) marks, section B thirty five (35) marks and section C carries forty five (45) marks.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. All drawings should be in pencil.
  6. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) — (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Man's basic needs consist of

  1. food, clothing and television.
  2. food, water and soil. 
  3. shelter, medicine and food. 
  4. shelter, food and clothing.
  5. cars, food and television.
Choose Answer :

(ii) In Africa, Monarchies still exist in

  1. Nigeria and Botswana.
  2. South Africa and Saudi Arabia.
  3. Ethiopia and Ivory Coast.
  4. Algeria and Gambia.
  5. Morocco and Swaziland.
Choose Answer :

(iii) Archaeologists help us to know when and how men lived through the study of

  1. bones and tools. 
  2. tools and riddles. 
  3. stories and riddles.
  4. riddles and bones. 
  5. bones and music.
Choose Answer :

(iv) In which places were the method of remembering changes and historical events very common?

  1. In areas where there was famine and drought.
  2. In areas where there was written history.
  3. In areas where much of the history was not written.
  4. In areas where there was few European settlers.
  5. In areas where there were many agents of colonialism.
Choose Answer :

(v) When did industrial revolution take place in Europe?

  1. 1000s to 1200s 
  2. 1300s to 1400s 
  3. 1500s to 1650s
  4. 1890s to 1950s 
  5. 1750s to 1850s
Choose Answer :

(vi) The best example of the evolution of man is represented by the discoveries made at

  1. Fort Jesus. 
  2. Olduvai Gorge. 
  3. Bagamoyo.
  4. Uvinza. 
  5. Zanzibar.
Choose Answer :

(vii) Who migrated into East Africa from South Africa in the second half of the 19th century due to Mfecane wars?

  1. Arabs 
  2. Boers 
  3. Portuguese
  4. Ngoni 
  5. Nilotes
Choose Answer :

(viii) Which one was an effect of the arrival of the French in the Indian Ocean in the 18th century?

  1. Abolition of slavery and slave trade in East African coast.
  2. Establishment of legitimate trade on imported goods.
  3. Acceleration of the struggle for independence in Africa.
  4. Increase of slave labour in Reunion and Mauritius island.
  5. Formation of independent African churches.
Choose Answer :

(ix) Settler agriculture failed to be practised in Uganda when her eastern part was parcelled out to form part of

  1. East African Community.
  2. German East Africa territory.
  3. Western Uganda and Eastern Republic of Congo.
  4. Western Kenyan highlands.
  5. Western and Eastern Kenyan highlands.
Choose Answer :

(x) Tanganyika was handed over to Britain as a mandate territory by

  1. League of Nations. 
  2. Trusteeship territory.
  3. United Nations. 
  4. Pan-Africanism.
  5. Berlin conference.
Choose Answer :

(xi)Who were defeated by the East Africans through the help of the Oman Arabs?

  1. Ngoni from South Africa
  2. Germans from Europe
  3. Portuguese from Europe
  4. Boers from Holland
  5. Zimba from Zambia
Choose Answer :

(xii) The leader who is associated with the formation of the League of Nations is

  1. Adolf Hitler. 
  2. Otto von Bismarck.
  3. Woodrow Wilson. 
  4. David Livingstone.
  5. Carl Peters.
Choose Answer :

(xiii) Which societies in Africa waged wars against German invasion?

  1. Xhosa and Khoikhoi 
  2. Nandi and Hehe
  3. Nama and Herero 
  4. Zulu and Asante
  5. Shona and Ndebele
Choose Answer :

(xiv) During which age did Homo Erectus become a complete upright creature and could communicate through speech?

  1. Middle Stone Age 
  2. Late Stone Age
  3. Old Stone Age
  4. New Stone Age
  5. Iron Age
Choose Answer :

(xv) Which organ approves the United Nations budget?

  1. Security Council 
  2. International Court of Justice
  3. Secretariat 
  4. Economic and Social Council
  5. General Assembly
Choose Answer :

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