FORM FOUR NECTA 2019 EXAM REVIEW
FORM FOUR BIOLOGY NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA

CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

033/1            BIOLOGY 1

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                                                  Tuesday, 05th November 2019 a.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of fifteen (15) questions.
  2. Answer all the questions in sections A and B and two (2) questions from section C of which question 13 is compulsory.
  3. All writing should be in blue or black pen, except for diagrams that must be drawn in pencil.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5.  Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

                                                                                                                                               

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1 For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) What is the aim of doing experiment when conducting a scientific investigation?

  1.  Identifying a problem 
  2.  Finding a solution 
  3.  Testing a hypothesis 
  4.  Gathering information 
  5.  Recording results


(ii) Why is it advised to build an incinerator in every hospital and health centre? 

  1. for collecting wastes. 
  2. for disposing gaseous wastes. 
  3. for disposing liquid wastes. 
  4. for burning hazardous wastes. 
  5. for disposing plastic wastes.


(iii) Mrs. Jumas child has protruding stomach and swollen lower limbs. What type of food should she give to her child to overcome the problem?

  1. Starch  
  2. Lipids
  3. Proteins                        
  4. Minerals
  5. Vitamins


(iv) In the food chain: Grass  Lion. A lion is:

  1. a primary consumer.   
  2. a secondary consumer.
  3. a producer. 
  4. a tertiary consumer. 
  5. a decomposer.


(v) Water from the roots of flowering plants is transported up to the plant by different forces. Which of the following forces initiates and raises water to the least height? 

  1. Root pressure 
  2. Transpiration pull
  3. Cohesion forces                     
  4. Adhesion forces
  5. Capillarity


(vi) A patient has been diagnosed with low level of blood sugar. Which hormone would you recommend to regulate the victims sugar? 

  1. Insulin 
  2. Glucagon
  3. Antidiuretic 
  4. Aldosterone 
  5. Testosterone


(vii) Which one is the feature of aging in human beings?

  1. Shorter reaction times 
  2. Strong bones
  3. Strong muscles                       
  4. Body increases in size
  5. Wrinkling of the skin


(viii) What is the role of node of ranvier in a neurone?

  1. To transmit the impulses away from the cell body.
  2. To insulate the axon and speed up transmission of impulses.
  3. To transmit nerve impulses from one nerve to another.
  4. To speed up the transmission of nerve impulses.
  5.  To transmit the nerve impulses towards the cell body.


(ix) What is variation as applied to genetics?

  1. Differences among individuals of the related species.
  2. Differences among individuals of the same species.
  3. Differences among individuals of different species.
  4.  Differences among individuals of unrelated species.
  5.  Differences among individuals of the expected species.


(x) Which one is correct about Cosmozian theory of origin of life?

  1.  Life was brought in this Earth from elsewhere.
  2.  Life arose according to physical and chemical laws.
  3.  Living organisms arose from non-living materials.
  4.  The Earth and all the organisms on it were created by God.
  5.  The planet Earth and all the organisms have always been there.


2. Match the functions of components of the skeleton in List A with their corresponding components of the skeleton in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A LIST B
  1.  Axial component which protects the delicate internal organs such as lungs and the heart.
  2.  Axial component which protects the brain and provide area for attachment of the neck.
  3.  Appendicular component which provide large surface area for muscle attachment and a base for articulation with hind limbs.
  4.  Axial component which protects the spinal cord.
  5.  Appendicular component which provide large surface area for muscle attachment and a base for articulation with upper arm bones.

  1. Pivot 
  2. Vertebral column
  3. Lumbar
  4. Pelvic girdle
  5. Cervical
  6. Rib cage
  7. Skull
  8. Pectoral girdle



SECTION B (60 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. In the Biology laboratory there are different apparatuses and equipment used for conducting experiments. Draw the apparatus used for; 

  1. putting specimens for close observation.
  2. grinding or crushing substances in the laboratory. 
  3. adding liquids during an experiment drop by drop.
  4. scooping powder or crystalline substances.


4. It has been observed that some people dispose wastes around the lake which supplies water to the surrounding communities. Briefly explain three problems which are likely to happen to the area.



5. What are the differences between nervous system and endocrine system? Give three points.



6. Jairus complains of having burning sensation around the chest region.

  1. What digestive disorder is he facing?
  2.  Give five measures he should take to treat the disorder.


7.  Figure 1 represents an external structure of a hibiscus flower. Study it carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Figure 1

  1.  Name the parts labeled A, B, C, D, E and F.
  2.  What are the functions of the parts labeled B, D and E?


8. Ringing in plants involves removal of the bark of tree. This hinders communication between upper and lower parts of plant. In three points, briefly elaborate the impact of ringing on the stem of hibiscus plant.



9. How are the respiratory surfaces adapted to their role? Give four points.



10. (a) Give two differences between cell membrane and cell wall.

      (b) Why is cell differentiation important to living organisms? Give a reason.



11.  Consider that you are a medical doctor and you have received a patient whose investigation has diagnosed kidney stones. Suggest to the patient three possible causes and three control measures for kidney stones.



12. Reptiles are organisms whose body temperature is affected by environmental temperature. Briefly explain three ways that help reptile to survive in different weather conditions.



SECTION C (25 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section. Question 13 is a compulsory.

13. You are invited by a Fema Club of a certain secondary school as a health officer. Explain how you will educate members of Fema Club on the cause, symptoms and transmission of HIV/AIDS. Give five symptoms and four ways of transmitting the disease.   (15 marks)



14. Majority of people believe that all fungi are harmful organisms. As a biologist, explain four ways in which fungi are beneficial to human being.   (10 marks)



15. Why is the study of genetics important in our daily life? Explain by giving four points.    (10 marks)



FORM FOUR CIVICS NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA

CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

011          CIVICS

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                             Monday, 04th November 2019 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of fourteen (14) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries 15 marks, section B carries 40 marks and section C carries 45 marks.
  4.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer all questions in this section.

l . For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)   The Headmaster/mistress of your school is not satisfied with the academic performance of the school in the Form Four National Examinations. Which of the following type of life skills will you recommend to improve the academic performance of the school?

  1.  Teamwork       
  2. Negotiation skills
  3. Empathy                                           
  4. Forming friendship
  5. Peer pressure


(ii) Assume you are planning to get married, for about a year now you have developed friendship with a person of the opposite sex whom you think is the right candidate. How can you describe such kind of relationship?

  1.  Premature marriage      
  2. Wedding
  3. Honeymoon                                     
  4. Courtship
  5. Marital relationship


(iii)  Makanyaga is a public servant in one of the government department who uses public office for personal gains. How can Makanyaga be termed?

  1. corrupt worker
  2. An intelligent worker
  3. A smart worker
  4. A creative worker
  5. A genius worker


(iv) Which of the following indicator would best guide you to determine a country practicing a dictatorial form of government?

  1.  Citizens electing their preferred political leaders and holding them accountable.
  2.  Citizens enjoying fair and equal treatment before the law.
  3.  Citizens punished for expressing personal views and opinions.
  4.  Citizens exercising freely personal religious beliefs and worship. 
  5. Citizens feeling their human dignity respected and safeguarded.


(v) Before closing the school, the Headmaster called a school assembly and allowed students to air their complaints. Which type of human right was the Headmaster fulfilling?

  1. Freedom of association
  2. The right to education
  3. Morals rights
  4. Freedom of expression
  5. Equality before the law 


(vi) What message do Zebra Crossings communicate to vehicle drivers?

  1.  There may be other vehicles crossing or waiting to cross the road.
  2.  There may be pedestrians crossing or waiting to cross the road.
  3.  To reduce speed because there is a railway crossing the road.
  4. There may be traffic police monitoring speed limit.
  5.  To reduce speed because there is a nearby game reserve.


(vii)    Which of the following set of cultural practices is a major mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS?

  1.  Food taboos and wife beating
  2.  Female genital mutilation and food taboos
  3.  Food taboos and early marriages
  4. Widow inheritance and wife beating
  5. Female genital mutilation and widow inheritance


(viii)  The Member of Parliament for Toroka Uje constituency resigned one year after the general election. What can be done to get another representative?

  1. Wait for the next general election
  2. Calls for by-election
  3. The President nominate another person
  4. The National Electoral Commission nominates another person 
  5. Call for general election


(ix)  After researching democratic practices in country X, Mashaka established that citizens in that country stand for election, vote in elections, attend political meetings, join private voluntary organizations and protest against the government. To which principle of democracy does this evidence point?

  1. Rule of law     
  2. Separation of power 
  3. Citizen participation           
  4. Free and fair election
  5. Respect of human rights


(x) Monas husband died and her in laws forced Mona to marry Tulizo, her late husbands young brother. Such a family decision demonstrates.

  1.  gender blindness. 
  2. gender stereotyping. 
  3. gender equality. 
  4. gender mainstreaming. 
  5. gender discrimination.


2. Match the explanations in List A with the correct component of Coat of Arms in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the booklet provided.

LIST A LIST B
  1. Represents national heritage in terms of wildlife.
  2. Represent readiness of people to defend the nation.
  3. Represent national sovereignty.
  4. Symbol of freedom and enlightenment.
  5. Represent tools used by peasants and farmers.
  1. Axe and hoe
  2. Peak of Mountain
  3. Kilimanjaro
  4. Uhuru torch
  5. Elephant tusks
  6. Sea waves
  7. National flag
  8. Shield and spear
  9. A man and woman


SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3.       Read the following passage carefully and answer questions (a) - (e) that follow.

Education is the creation, accumulation and transmission of values in a given society. It is designed to guide students in learning culture and molding behaviour on the way to adulthood, and directing them toward their eventual roles in the society. The existence of education is to help learners become useful members of the society. It should also help the learners to develop an appreciation of the cultural heritage of their society and live more satisfying lives.

School is an institution designed to impart some of these societal values. However, there are claims that a number of school goers do not attend classes. This makes family institution more important in transmitting values in the society. A study conducted about the impact of truancy among the schools in Tanzania revealed that parents are childs first and perhaps most important teachers. Parents teach their children attitude, habits and values that help to shape their character. Parents remain with their children throughout their lives, but few parents have neither time nor ability to teach their children the things they need to know about life.

Truancy has been labeled as one of the top ten major problems in schools, which negatively affect the future of the young people. Absenteeism is detrimental to students achievements, promotion, graduation and employment potential. The students notoriousness can be a result of truancy. Students notoriousness resulting from truancy is not!only confined to smoking, fighting with each other or behaving indecently but also involving in running away from home and mingling with friends of bad influence such as drug abusers. Truancy of students in Tanzania, is not only caused by attendance characteristics alone, but results from other factors like poverty, early child pregnancy, drug abuse, peer groups and lack of seriousness in classroom.

Consequently, education stakeholders together with government and parents should apart from making sure that every school age individual attends school, children should take their learning seriously. There is a need for laws that students who do not attend classes regularly should be punished and their parents held accountable.

Questions

  1. Suggest a suitable title for the passage.


  2. Why education is important in peoples life?


  3. How do parents contribute to poor performance of their children?


  4. Identify two causes of truancy in Tanzania.


  5. Propose two measures that can be used to solve the problem of truancy in schools.


4.Use five points to signify the effects of poverty in any society.



5. Explore five factors which distinguish a good leader from a bad leader,



6.  Briefly explain giving five points why do you think the government of Tanzania is conducting campaign against Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)?



7.If you are to deliver a talk on the forces driving globalization to your community, which five driving forces will you consider?



9.  Provide five points to defend the view that the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is beneficial to Tanzanians.



10.   In five points, identify cultural practices which undermine women in Tanzania.



SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

l l . In five points, analyze the benefits of having effective government for economic development.



12.As an expert in Civics, use five points to convince your community on the need to preserve and promote a Tanzanian culture.



13. Ways of helping the village government to improve decision making processes.



14.You are invited to give a motivational speech to voters in Songambele village. Prepare five key points on the importance of democratic election.



FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

 013          GEOGRAPHY 

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                                            Wednesday, 06th November 2019 p.m

Instructions

  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.
  3.  Map extract of Mkomazi (Sheet 109/1) is provided.
  4.  Programmable calculators, cellular phones and unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Which of the following layers of the earths interior is made up of sima and sial?

  1.  Biosphere 
  2. Hydrosphere 
  3. Asthenosphere 
  4. Lithosphere 
  5. Barysphere


(ii) Senegal National team scored a goal at 2:00 pm in Senegal (1500 W). At what time at Burundi (300 E) the goal was scored?

  1.  2:00 am           
  2. 10:00 am     
  3. 4:00 am
  4. 10:00 pm     
  5. 12:00 am


(iii) Mitomingi was wondering the way large amount of soil and rock materials were sliding downward towards the steep slope. What geological processes were occurring in that area?

  1. Weathering and erosion
  2. Deposition and transportation
  3. Weathering and denudation
  4. Mass wasting and transportation
  5. Erosion and transportation


(iv) You are asked to help a Form Two student who failed to identify the types of forests found in the area with low temperatures. What type of forest will you suggest among the following?

  1. Tropical rain forest 
  2. Coniferous forest
  3. Equatorial forest 
  4. Deciduous forest
  5. Mediterranean forest


(v) Taha used to see a group of herdsmen moving seasonally with their cattle between lowlands and highlands in search of water and pasture. What is the general term for such movement?

  1.  Pastoralism
  2. Transhumance 
  3. Nomadism 
  4. Semi-nomadic 
  5. Zero grazing


(vi) What is the social-economic advantage of reserved forests to societies?

  1.  Tourism 
  2. Lumbering
  3. Mining      
  4. Forestry
  5. Agriculture


(vii)    After learning different types of soil texture, students were asked to identify the best type of soil which can be mixed with cement for building a house. What type of soil will be picked by the students who understood the lesson?

  1.  Sandy  
  2. Silt  
  3. Alkaline soil 
  4. Loam 
  5. Clay


(viii)  Jane was living in Dar es Salaam since 1990 and works as a secretary in Prime Ministerw Office. In January 2019 she was transferred to a new office in Dodoma region. Identify the type of Janes movement.

  1.  migrant 
  2. emigration 
  3. immigrant 
  4. emigrant 
  5.  immigration


(ix)  Suppose you want to carry out a field study on atmospheric conditions suitable for growth of crops cultivated on a farm within your village. What are the best components of weather to be considered?

  1. Rainfall and soil
  2. Moisture and sunshine
  3. Rainfall and clouds cover
  4. Temperature and rainfall 
  5. Humidity and rainfall


(x) Mr. Limfuata had a chance to visit South-East Asia for a study tour and he experienced seasonal reverse of wind in the area. Identify the type of climate in the area.

  1.  Tropical maritime 
  2.  Tropical monsoon 
  3. Tropical continental 
  4.  Equatorial monsoon 
  5. Equatorial


2.  Match the descriptions of karst region features in Column A with the corresponding feature in Column B by writing the letter of the correct answer beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

COLUMN A COLUMN B
  1. The irregular gullies found on the limestone surface which separate limestone region.
  2. The vertical holes in the limestone ground through which rain water or river may disappear into the ground beneath.
  3. The round hollow on the surface of a limestone region. 
  4. The wide depression with a fairly flat floor in a limestone surface.
  5. The largest surface depression found in limestone region formed due to action of solution.
  1. Doline
  2. Clint 
  3. Swallow hole
  4. Polje
  5. Uvala
  6. Grike 
  7. Gorge


SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Study the map extract of Mkomazi (Sheet 109/1) and then answer the following questions:

  1.  By using the given RF scale, measure the distance of river Pangani in kilometres from grid reference 910771 to 910826.


  2. Describe relief of the area.


  3.  With reasons, identify two types of rocks found in the map.


  4.  Name the major way used to show the height of the land in the mapped area.


  5. Using a vertical scale of lcm to represent 50m, draw an annotated cross section from grid reference 960820 to 910880 and mark Ruvu river basin and the main trucks.


4.  Josi and Losi are selling school bags. They always record data of their retailing in a note book. Their friend Kosi is working in a supermarket as a store keeper and she told them about the simplest way of presenting data for a single variable against time. Kosi showed her friends the following table showing data of school bags received from 2001 to 2007. 

Year

2001

2002

2003

2004

2005

2006

2007

School Bags Received

90

100

40

50

20

70

120

  1. Name the two simplest ways of presenting the data.


  2.  Explain five advantages of presenting the data by simple methods mentioned in (a).


  3. Present the given statistical information by using simple graph.


5. There was land conflict between villagers of Shangu and the Headmaster of Shangu Secondary School. The village Chairperson decided to invite a survey team who used chain/tape survey to determine the boundaries of the school compound.

(a) Describe five instruments they used in surveying the school compound. 



(b) Explain three procedures they followed during the survey process.



6.Lugano is studying in boarding school at Kigoma but his home place is in Kilosa District where he used to observe several conflicts between farmers and pastoralists. In his second week in school, he heard through the Radio that, a farmer was killed by the pastoralists in his home village. He decided to conduct research about the conflict.

  1.  Suggest the statement of the problem for his research.


  2. Identify two sources of that research problem.


  3.  Elaborate four possible research tools he would use during data collection.


  4. Explain three significance of conducting that research.


   7. Carefully study the following photograph and answer the questions that follow:

  1.  What is the name of the dominant trees?


  2.  Name two land uses that might be suitable in the area.


  3.  Suggest three possible regions in Tanzania where the photograph might have been taken.


  4.  Describe relief features shown in the photograph.


  5. Briefly explain the formation of the relief feature found in the back ground.


SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Rose was talking with her grandmother who believes that the earths shape is flat like a table. By using six evidences, describe how Rose will prove to her grandmother that the earth is spherical.



"Despite of the fact that, Hydro-Electric Power (HEP) is environmental friendly energy, it still has damaging effects on the environment". With six points, justify this statement.



10.  Explain six factors which hinder rapid development of manufacturing industries in Tanzania.



FORM FOUR HISTORY NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

012              HISTORY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                    Tuesday, 05th November 2019 p,mo

Instructions

  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of nine (9) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4.  All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) What are the major types of oral traditions? 

  1. Museums and archives
  2.  Poems and proverbs
  3. Historical sites and narration of events
  4.  Archaeology and museum
  5.  Cultural practices and narration of events


(ii) Why is Charles Darwin famous in history?

  1.  He discovered pebbles and chopping tools.
  2.  He discovered the fossil of mans ancestors.
  3.  He introduced the theory of creation.
  4.  He discovered the remains of old people. 
  5. He introduced the theory of evolution.


(iii) What was the most common method of farming in pre-colonial Africa?

  1. Mixed farming 
  2. Plantation agriculture 
  3. Shifting cultivation
  4. Slash and burn cultivation
  5. Permanent crop cultivation


(iv) As a historian, which one would you consider as Prince Henrys main aims in organizing the Portuguese voyages to West and East African coasts?

  1. Acquiring raw materials, markets and cheap labour
  2.  Acquiring colonies, raw materials and markets
  3.  Spreading Christianity, adventure, and trade
  4.  Establishing processing industries, markets and raw materials
  5.  Abolishing slave trade, slavery and introduction of legitimate trade


(v) What took place in Europe between 1750s and 1850s?

  1. Industrial revolution
  2. Scramble for Africa
  3. Mercantile capitalism 
  4. Emergency of slave trade
  5. Monopoly capitalism


  (vi) Colonialism was established through 

  1.  post-colonial political changes.
  2. Violence and coercion
  3. piracy and plundering.
  4. Revolution and violence
  5. waylaying and bogus treaties.


 (vii) Who headed the Central government of the colony? 

  1. Queen    
  2. Governor
  3. Secretary for colonies
  4. Secretary General
  5. Minister for colonies


 (viii) The law that demanded the Africans to carry a labour card "Kipande" aimed at ensuring that

  1.  the European colony is exploited effectively.
  2.  there is effective occupation of the colony.
  3.  the Africans should be allowed to grow cash crops.
  4.  the welfare of the Africans were taken care of.
  5. the white farmers got a cheap supply of labour.


 (ix) Why the British in East Africa provided colonial health services to few areas such as settler plantation areas, military camps and cash crop producing areas?

  1.  To make their subjects support the colonial rule.
  2.  To keep their subjects wealthier and resistant to diseases.
  3.  To make their subjects fit for economic production.
  4.  To make their subjects loyal to the colonial state.
  5.  To stop their subjects from using traditional medicines.


  (x) Which of the following were the long-term causes of the First World War?

  1. The formation of military alliances among the great powers of Europe.
  2. The need for revenge among the European powers.
  3. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Serbia.
  4. The rise of Adolf Hitler and Nazism in Germany.
  1. I and II
  2. II and III
  3. IV and I
  4. III and IV
  5. I and III


(xi) Which of the following were the countries which used constitutional means to gain their political independence?

  1. Mozambique and Nigeria
  2. Kenya and Tanganyika
  3. Ghana and Uganda
  4. Uganda and Tanganyika
  1. I and II
  2. II and III
  3. IV and I
  4. III and IV
  5. I and III


(xii) What challenged the work of the police in 1998 in East Africa?

  1.  Terrorist bombing attacks
  2.  Idi Amins government take over from Milton Obote
  3.  Launching over the New East African Community
  4.  Inciting genocide in Rwanda
  5. Adoption of the universal Declaration of Human Rights


(xiii)   The social challenges facing people in Africa include 

  1. political instability and tribalism.
  2.  tribalism and neo-colonialism.
  3.  colonialism and illiteracy.
  4.  illiteracy and diseases.
  5.  corruption and lack of rule of law.


(xiv) Which organ of the United Nations investigates situations that pose threat to international peace?

  1. The Executive Secretariat
  2. The General Assembly
  3. The Trusteeship Council
  4. The Security Council
  5. The Red Cross


(xv) The international organization undermined by Hitler was called

  1. United Nations Organization. 
  2. League of Nations.
  3. Non-Aligned Movement.
  4. Berlin conference. 
  5. International Court of Justice.


2. Match the descriptions in List A with the corresponding names of the revolutions in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A LIST B
  1. The revolution that was led by Gamal Abdel Nasser in 1952.
  2. The revolution that removed the Arab regime from power during the 1960s,
  3. The revolution that took place in 1917 and inspired African nationalism.
  4. The revolution that took place in 1949 and provided material and moral support to African nationalist struggles.
  5. The revolution whose impact led to the abolition of slave trade.
  1. Russian revolution
  2. Industrial revolution
  3. Mineral revolution
  4. Egypt Revolution 
  5. Libya revolution
  6. Chinese revolution
  7. Zanzibar Revolution
  8. Sudanese October revolution




SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section. 

3. Answer the following questions briefly:

(i) Mzee Juma is an illiterate man with 89 years of age. He narrates past political events to his grand child who is eighteen years old. Why such method used by Mzee Juma is considered as an unreliable source of historical information?



(ii) Why the Germany colonial agents would not forget the Hehe resistance?



(iii) How would you relate the French Assimilation policy and destruction of African culture?



(iv) How would you prove that colonial education was an agent of division and racism in colonial Africa?



(v) Why Adolf Hitler is blamed for the occurrence of the Second World War?



(vi) Why some historians consider Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck as the architect of the partition of the African continent?



4. Arrange the following historical events in chronological order by writing number 1 to 6 beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1. The League of Nations did not take any action when Japanese attacked Manchuria.
  2.  The United Nations Organization emerged as the successor to the League of Nations.
  3.  One of the treaties signed by the Central powers was the Versailles Treaty of 1919.
  4.  Adolf Hitler and Benito Mussolini used the effects of the Great Depression as a chance to enter into power and promised people to revive the Germany and Italys economy respectively.
  5.  Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour forced the United States of America to participate in the Second World War.
  6.  The assassination of Archduke Francis Ferdinand immediately caused the emergence of military conflicts among the European powers.


5. Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate by using roman numbers:

  1.  A country which adopted a kind of a socialist ideology known as Socialism and Self Reliance.
  2.  A country which adopted a socialist ideology known as Humanism.
  3.  A country which was not colonized and is currently the headquarters of African Union.
  4.  A country which adopted a kind of a socialist ideology known as the Common Man s Charter.
  5.  A Portuguese colony which tried to adopt a socialist ideology under the FRELIMO political party.


SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

6.  By using six points, explain how the Berlin Conference of 1884/1885 helped the European countries to prevent war that would have occurred due to the scramble for colonies.



7.  How was migrant labour beneficial to the capitalists during the colonial period? Limit your response to six points.



8. Elaborate six factors that contributed to the occurrence of Mfecane during the 19th century.



9. "African countries have been suffering socially, economically and politically as a result of being members of the United Nations". Explain six reasons to justify this statement.



FORM FOUR COMMERCE NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

061       COMMERCE

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours            Friday, 08th November 2019 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and two (2) questions from section C. 
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4.  Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

l . For each of the items (i) (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Suppose you have bought medicine from India and they are urgently needed to serve the life of patients in Tanzania, which mode of transport would you consider to be appropriate ?

  1.  Road transport 
  2. Air transport 
  3. Water transport 
  4. Railway transport 
  5. Pipeline transport


(ii) If you have imported a used car from Japan, which document will be issued to you by the exporter that helps you to sort out customs formalities before the arrival of the car? 

  1. Price list 
  2. Delivery note 
  3. Quotation
  4. Proforma invoice  
  5. Invoice


(iii) Under which classification the services provided by teachers, lawyers and police to their customers are categorized?

  1.  Direct services 
  2. Auxiliary services 
  3. Personal services 
  4. Public services 
  5. Indirect services


(iv) The following are functions of production department in management except:

  1.  controlling the quality of goods produced in production department.
  2. maintaining the quality of machines in the production department.
  3. developing and implementing production plans.
  4. preparation of budget for activities carried in the department. 
  5. recruiting members of staff for production department.


(v) By using the theory of demand, which factor influences the buying decision of a consumer?

  1. Number of producers 
  2. Preference and taste 
  3. Level of technology 
  4. Cost of production 
  5. Availability of capital


(vi) You have been engaged in selling fresh beans business and you want to increase sales through advertising. Which factor will you consider in advertising your product?

  1.  The income of the competitors.
  2.  The steady supply of the products to be advertised.
  3.  The income tax to be charged on the products.
  4.  The nature of the product to be advertised.
  5.  The purchasing power of your customer.


  (vii) Why a bill of lading is used as the evidence of contract between the exporter and the shipping company?

  1.  It contains the details of the goods loaded in the ship.
  2.  It shows the country from where the imported goods originates.
  3.  It bears the name of the sender and the receiver of the goods.
  4.  It shows the transport chargers the exporter paid to shipping company. 
  5. It shows the value of the goods shipped.


(viii) There are several ways through which financial institutions raise their capitals. Which financial institutions raises its capital through selling shares to the public?

  1.  Central bank 
  2. Development banks 
  3. Co-operative banks 
  4. Commercial banks 
  5. Saving banks


(ix) Ms. Magangas total sales during the year 201 8 was Tsh. 160 If her gross profit was 20% of sales, what was the cost of goods sold during the year?

  1.  Tsh. 128,000/=
  2.  Tsh 32,000/=
  3. Tsh. 160,020/= 
  4. Tsh.  160,000/=
  5. Tsh. 192,000/-


(x) Why Tanzania Revenue Authority (TRA) insists on the use or Electronic Fiscal Device (E.F.D) machine?

  1.  It transmits tax information to tax authority system automatically.
  2.  It transmits only sales records to tax authority system automatically.
  3. It enables the government to obtain income from selling E.F.D machines.
  4. It reduces tax burden to all tax payers.
  5. It reduces tax burden to businessmen.


(xi) Which factor of production is characterised by value appreciation?

  1.  Capital 
  2. Labour 
  3. Land 
  4. Entrepreneurship 
  5. Machine


(xii) Which one is the correct form of classification of companies?

  1.  Private limited companies, public limited companies and public corporations.
  2.  Registered companies, statutory companies and chartered companies.
  3.  Limited companies, unlimited companies and co-operatives.
  4.  Parastatals, public corporations and marketing boards.
  5.  Registered companies, unregistered companies and local bodies.


(xiii) Which set presents large scale retailers?

  1.  Mobile shops, multiple shops and single shops.
  2.  Super markets, tied shops and mobile shops.
  3.  Multiple shops, super markets mail order shops.
  4. Tied shops, mail order shops and super markets.
  5.  Single shops, multiple shops and departmental stores.


(xiv) Suppose a Form One commerce student asked you about the best way of describing the term commerce. Which of the following is the best response that you could give?

  1.  Commerce deals with distribution of goods to final users.
  2.  Commerce deals with exchange of goods and services.
  3.  Commerce deals with exchange and distribution of goods and services.
  4.  Commerce deals with exchange of goods and services within the country. 
  5. Commerce deals with exchange of goods and services outside the country. 


(xv) What is the correct term of insurance to be used when an insurer decide to spread part of the risks of high valuable items insured to other insurers?

  1. Double insurance 
  2. Over insurance 
  3. Re-insurance 
  4. Under insurance 
  5. Co-insurance


2. Match the explanations of the international trade documents in Column A with the names of the documents in Column B by writing the letter of the correct answer beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.
COLUMN A COLUMN B
  1. A document used to inspect the quality and prices of the goods before they had been dispatched to other country.
  2. A document which allows the bank to possess and sell the goods imported so as to recover the debts.
  3. A document which requires an agent to place an order on behalf of the importer with an appropriate exporter.
  4. A transferable document issued by a warehouse keeper to represent the right of ownership of goods.
  5. A document which informs the exporter about the date at which goods will be at the dock ready for loading.


  1. Letter of credit
  2. Letter of hypothecation
  3. Calling forward note
  4. Dock warrant
  5. Consular invoice
  6. Indent
  7. Letter of indemnity



SECTION B (50 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. (a) Mr. Ramsi a businessman who had an account with CRDB Bank in Arusha branch issued a cheque payable to Mr. Karim amounting to Tsh. 150,000/2 only. Use the information given to analyse the three main parties to a cheque involved in this transaction.



(b) Assume one of your teachers is a businessman and he had received two crossed cheques from one of his customers. One of the cheques bearing the words "Not Negotiable" and the other one "Account payee only". Briefly explain to him what the terms "Not negotiable" and "Account payee only" imply? 



4. You have been invited in a seminar about taxation conducted by Tanzania Revenue Authority. The main theme of the seminar is "the effects of taxation". At the end of the seminar, you will be required to present to your fellow students the positive and negative effects of taxation in an economy. Summarise your presentation by showing the: 

(a) three positive effects of taxation and



(b) two negative effects of taxation.



5.The cashew nuts producers from Chetu village build a warehouse to store their produce after harvest. Being an expert in warehouse operations, briefly explain five contributions of the cashew nuts warehouse to Chetu villagers.



6. Study the diagram given and answer the questions that follow:


(a) What does shift in demand curves from D0 to D1 and D0 to D2 imply?



(b) Describe four possible causes for a shift in demand curves from D0 to D2



7. Mr. James is planning to buy a car from Japan and he has been advised to use either a broker or a factor agent to effect buying. Assists him in making proper decision by giving: (a) two main features of a broker



7. Mr. James is planning to buy a car from Japan and he has been advised to use either a broker or a factor agent to effect buying. Assists him in making proper decision by giving: (b) three main features of a factor.



SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8.  Mobile phones have become the most popular communication media which links the buyer and sellers within a short time. Basing on the knowledge of business communication, explain three positive and three negative effects of mobile phone communication in business.



9. Creation of employment is the only advantage of specialization in production. Argue against this statement by giving six reasons.



10. Practically, insurers and insured could not work smoothly without applying the principles of insurance. Basing on this statement, explain how the principles of insurance govern the conduct between insurer and insured.



FORM FOUR KISWAHILI NECTA 2019

JAMHURI YA MUUNGANO WA TANZANIA BARAZA LA MITIHANI LA TANZANIA

MTIHANI WA KUHITIMU KIDATO CHA INNE

021          KISWAHILI

(Kwa watahiniwa Walioko na Wasiokuwa Shuleni)

Muda: Saa 3                            Alhamisi 07 Novemba 2019 mchana

Maelekezo

  1. Karatasi hii ina sehemu A, B na C zenye jumla ya maswali kumi na mbili (12).
  2. Jibu maswali yote katika sehemu A na B na maswali matatu (3) kutoka sehemu C.
  3. Zingatia maagizo ya kila sehemu na ya kila swali.
  4. Simu za mkononi na vitu vyote visivyoruhusiwa havitakiwi katika chumba cha mtihani.
  5. Andika Namba yako ya Mtihani katika kila ukurasa wa kijitabu chako cha kujibia.

SEHEMU A (Alama 15)

Jibu maswali yote katika sehemu hii.

1. Chagua herufi ya jibu sahihi katika vipengele (i) hadi (x), kisha andika herufi ya jibu hilo katika kijitabu chako cha kujibia.

(i) Neno lipi kati ya maneno haya linaweza kudokeza mtenda au mtendwa?

  1. Kiunganishi   
  2. Kivumishi
  3. Kihisishi 
  4. Kiwakilishi 
  5. Kielezi


(ii) Ni sentensi ipi haina kitenzi kisaidizi?

  1.  Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere alikuwa mtiifu.
  2. Watoto wanatakiwa kulala mapema ili wawahi shuleni.
  3. Paka alikuwa anataka kula chakula cha mbwa.
  4. Juma alikuwa anasoma kitabu cha hadithi za mapenzi.
  5. Robert Kelly anataka kuja kutumbuiza mwezi Desemba.


(iii)  Ni sentensi ipi inawakilisha kikamilifu wahusika wa fasihi simulizi?

  1. Vitu, mahali, wanyama, binadamu, fanani na maleba.
  2. Hadhira, wanyama, maleba, binadamu na fanani.
  3. Hadhira, binadamu, wanyama, vitu, mahali na fanani. 
  4. Fanani, vitu, mahali, binadamu, maleba na wanyama.
  5. Wanyama, manju, binadamu, vitu, mahali na maleba.


(iv)  Bainisha seti ya maneno inayofaa kuingizwa kwenye kamusi kwa kuzingatia mpangilio wa alfabeti.

  1. Jabali, jadhibika, jabiri, jadi, jalada
  2. Jabali, jabiri, jadhibika, jadi, jalada
  3. Jabali, jadi, jadhibika, jalada, jabiri 
  4. Jabiri, jabali, jalada, jadi, jadhibika
  5. Jabali, jalada, jabiri, jadhibika, jadi


(v) Ni sifa ipi haitofautishi fasihi simulizi na fasihi andishi?

  1. Ukubwa 
  2. Uhifadhi
  3. Uwasilishaji
  4. Ukuaji
  5. Ueneaji


(vi) Jozi ipi ina vipengele sahihi vinavyounda umbo la ndani la kazi ya fasihi simulizi?

  1. Falsafa, muundo, ujumbe, wahusika
  2. Mandhari, msimamo, ujumbe, dhamira
  3. Ujumbe, mtazamo, migogoro, dhamira 
  4. Ujumbe, msimamo, dhamira, wahusika
  5. Lugha, mgogoro, falsafa, mtindo


(vii) "Ngombe zangu wanatoa maziwa mengi." Kosa lililojitokeza katika tungo hii ni lipi kati ya haya?

  1. Unyumbuaji wa maneno
  2. Udondoshaji wa herufi 
  3. Unyumbuaji wa maneno 
  4. Upatanisho wa kisarufi
  5. Uongezaji wa kiambishi


(viii)  "Serikali imeweka mikakati kabambe ili kupunguza umasikini."Neno "ili" katika sentensi hii ni aina gani ya neno?

  1. Kielezi        
  2. Kiunganishi
  3. Kiwakilishi 
  4. Kihisishi
  5. Kivumishi


(ix) Mpangilio sahihi wa vipashio vinavyounda lugha ya Kiswahili ni upi?

  1. Mofimu, kishazi, kirai, neno na sentensi.
  2. Mofimu, neno, kirai, sentensi na kishazi.
  3. Neno, kirai, Kishazi, sentensi na mofimu.
  4. Neno, mofimu, kirai, kishazi na sentensi. 
  5. Mofimu, neno, kirai, kishazi na sentensi.


(x) Ni jambo gani linalodhihirisha upekee wa kazi fulani ya kifasihi?

  1. Muundo wa kazi husika.
  2. Wahusika wa kazi husika. 
  3. Jina la kazi husika.
  4. Jina la mtunzi wa kazi husika.
  5. Mtindo wa kazi husika.


2. Oanisha maana za dhana za uandishi zilizo katika Orodha A kwa kuchagua herufi ya dhana husika katika Orodha B, kisha andika herufi husika katika kijitabu chako cha kujibia.

ORODHA A ORODHA B
  1. Kujieleza kwa lugha fasaha, mpangilio mzuri wa mawazo na kutumia misamiati.
  2. Kujenga fikra fulani katika kifungu cha maneno.
  3. Mpangilio mzuri wa mawazo unaoeleweka kwa mwandishi na msomaji.
  4. Kifungu cha maneno chenye kuelezea wazo maalumu, au sehemu ya wazo lililo katika mtiririko.
  5. Alama ya uandishi inayotenga maneno yaliyo katika orodha fulani.
  1. Mantiki 
  2. Mkato 
  3. Uandishi 
  4. Insha 
  5. Wazo
  6. Aya
  7. Kistari




SEHEMU B (Alama 40)

Jibu maswali yote katika sehemu hii.

3. Taja njia zilizotumika kuunda maneno yafuatayo:

  1.  Amirijeshi


  2. Kiswahili


  3. Kifaru


  4. Chajio


4.Andika nahau yenye maana sawa na tungo zifuatazo:

  1. Jumanne ni kijana mchoyo.


  2. Yule ni mropokaji sana.


  3. Malingumu ni mwizi.


  4. Mwalimu wetu ameoa.


5. (a) Kwa kutumia njia ya mnyumbuliko, unda nomino mbili kwa kila kitenzi kifuatacho:

(i) Piga



(ii) Lima



(iii) Pika



(iv) Cheza



(b) Tunga tungo moja kwa kila kipengele (i) — (iv) ukizingatia viambajengo vyakila moja: 

(i) Kishazi tegemezi + Kishazi huru



 (ii) Kishazi huru



  (iii) Kishazi tegemezi



  (iv) Kishazi huru + Kishazi huru



6.  (a) Soma kwa makini sentensi (i) hadi (iv), kisha fafanua kwa pamoja vipengele vinne vinavyodhihirisha uhusiano baina ya Kiswahili na lugha za Kibantu. 

(i) Mtoto amelala (Kiswahili) 



(ii) Mwana agonili (Kingoni) 



(iii) Mwana yogonile (Kigogo)



(iv) Omwana yanagila (Kihaya)



(b) Kwa kutumia mifano na kutoa hoja mbili kwa kila moja, eleza kwa ufupi mafanikio ya lugha ya Kiswahili enzi za Waarabu katika:

(i)    Dini



(ii)  Biashara



7.  Kwa kutumia mifano kutoka katika riwaya ya Takadini na Watoto wa Mama Ntilie, eleza kwa kifupi mambo manne ya kufanana kati ya wahusika Sekai na Mama Ntilie kuhusu wasifu wao wa ndani.



8.  Soma kifungu cha habari kifuatacho, kishajibu maswali yanayofuata:

Soni aliamka usingizini na kuendelea na safari yake. Awali alishtushwa na mitikisiko iliyotokea karibu na mbuyu. Hakujua yuko wapi lakini hakuchelewa kukumbuka nia ya safari yake. Aliukamata mkuki wake vizuri na ngao yake pia. Alipiga goti moja na kusimama hali akiuangalia mbuyu. Punde, aliwaona nyani wawili wakikimbilia nyasini. Wakasimama na kumtazama Soni. Naye alipoona hakuna hatari ya wanyama wakali, aliendelea na safari yake. Muda huo wa mchana ulikuwa salama kwani wanyama wakubwa walikuwa mapangoni mwao. Zaidi zilisikika sauti za panzi, nyenje na ndege tu waliojibizana kwa zamu.

Soni alipumzika kidogo kwa mara nyingine ili kumnyonyesha mtoto. Hata hivyo, vivuli virefu vilimkumbusha kuwa usiku ulikaribia. Lakini hakusikia wala kuona dalili yoyote ile iliyoonesha kuwa binadamu waliishi katika eneo hili. Bado hakuelewa ni wapi alipokuwa. Ni kosa gani alilofanya? Je, mwanawe hakuwa binadamu? Ni-kwewtofauti yake .ni_rangi-tu2 Hakuwa na vidole vya mikono na miguu vilivyomzidi baba yake. Macho yake na masikio pia yalikuwa sawa, aliyahesabu yote. Pale kila kitu kilipowekwa pamoja, mtoto alikuwa karibu sawa na wengine kuliko tofauti yake ya rangi tu. Sasa nvbona wanataka kumuua?

Soni alianza kukimbia kwa kasi kwani kama hangefika kijiji jirani, basi kutoroka kwake kungekuwa kazi bure. Punde si punde alishtushwa na mlio wa vipande vya miti vilivyovunjika. Soni alisimama akabana pumzi zake akisubiri sauti ile isikike tena. Huyo hakuwa mnyama mkali bali mtu aliyekusanya kuni. Upesi Soni aliharakisha upande ilikotoka sauti. Ghafla akamwona mzee mmoja akikusanya kuni. Alisogea kiasi ambacho kungetokea hatari angekimbia. Alimsalimia mzee yule. "Tafadhali kuwa mwema ili umsaidie mwanao aliyepotea," alisubiri atakavyojibiwa. Kwa sauti ile yule mzee alizunguka na kuinua shoka lake kama ishara ya kutisha. Punde alipogundua kuwa aliyeongea alikuwa ni mwanamke, alipata ahueni na kulishusha shoka lake chini. Wakati ule Soni alisita na kuamua kusimama. Tumaini alizinduka usingizini. Huenda alihisi shaka iliyomkumba mama yake, akaanza kulia.

Punde si punde, yule mzee alijiandaa kwa mashambulizi. Aliwaza kuna mtu nyuma ya yule mama. Iweje mwanamke mwenye mtoto mchanga aranderande msituni bila ya kuwa na mlinzi? Huenda anatumiwa na kijana imara aliyetaka kumuua. Wakati huo angefanyaje? Alikusanya kuni chache alizozipasua, akageuka ili aondoke. "Tafadhali usinitupe niliwe na wanyama wa usiku. Nisaidie! La, huwezi kunisaidia binti yako, basi msaidie mwanangu. Hajaonja maisha bado, na si vyema kufa sasa. Kilio mfululizo cha yule mtoto na maneno ya Soni vilimgusa yule mzee. Ingawa alisita, lakini hatimaye aligeuka nyuma. Kutokana na kauli yake, alihisi Soni alikuwa mgeni katika eneo hilo. Akaamua hata kama iweje, angemsaidia. Kwa hadhari kubwa aliwasogelea mama na mtoto wake. "Njoo mwanangu, tutakwenda kibandani kwangu."

Maswali

  1.  Pendekeza kichwa cha habari hii kisichozidi maneno matatu.


  2. Unafikiri kwa nini Soni alitoroka nyumbani kwake na kukimbilia msituni?


  3. Mwandishi wa habari hii anaichukuliaje jamii ya akina Soni?


  4. Kutokana na habari uliyosoma, eleza nafasi ya mwanamke katika jamii kwa kutoa hoja mbili.


SEHEMU C (Alama 45)

Jibu maswali matatu (3) kutoka katika sehemu hii.

9.Wewe ni mshiriki wa shindano la uandishi wa insha lililoandaliwa na Baraza la Kiswahili la Taifa. Kaulimbiu ya shindano ni "Watoto zingatieni daima maonyo ya wazazi wenu". Kwa kutumia kauli mbiu hii, andika insha ya kisanaa isiyopungua maneno mia mbili (200) na isiyozidi maneno mia mbili hamsini (250), yenye kuishia na methali "Asiyesikia la mkuu huvunjika guu".



ORODHA YA VITABU KWA SWALI LA 10-12

USHAIRI

Wasakatonge   -  M.S. Khatibu (DUP)

Malenga Wapya  - TAKILUKI (DUP) 

Mashairi ya Chekacheka  -  T.A. Mvungi (EP & D. LTD)

RIWAYA

 Takadini     -   Ben J. Hanson (MBS)

Watoto wa Mama Ntilie  -  E. Mbogo (H.P) 

Joka la Mdimu   -   A.J .Safari (H.P.)

TAMTHILIYA

Orodha   -    Steve Reynolds (MA)

Ngoswe Penzi Kitovu cha Uzembe - E. Semzaba (ESC)

Kilio Chetu  -  Medical Aid Foundation (TPH)

10. Kwa kutumia diwani mbili ulizosoma eleza jinsi taswira tatu kutoka katika kila diwani zilivyotumiwa na msanii kuwasilisha ujumbe kwa jamii.



1l . "Waandishi wa kazi za fasihi huibua migogoro mbalimbali na kupendekeza masuluhisho ili kuelimisha jamii husika". Thibitisha kauli hiyo kwa kutoa hoja tatu kwa kila kitabu kutoka katika riwaya mbili ulizosoma.



12. Kwa kutumia tamthiliya mbili ulizosoma, fafanua madhara yanayotokana na kukosekana kwa elimu ya jinsia kwa vijana kwa kutoa hoja tatu kutoka katika kila kitabu.



FORM FOUR CHEMISTRY NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA

CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

032/1 CHEMISTRY 1

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Thursday, 07th November 2019 a.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of fourteen (14) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and one (1) question from section C.
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).
  5. The following constants may be used.

Atomic masses: H 1, O- 16, N- 14, S = 32, Zn - 65, Cl -35.5, cu - 64.

Avogadros number= 6.02 x 1023

GMV at s.t.p =22.4 dm3 .

1 Faraday= 96,500 coulombs.

Standard pressure = 760 mm Hg. Standard temperature 273 K.

1 litre =1 dm3 =1000 cm 3.

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) "Water is referred to as the universal solvent". What does this mean?

  1. Water is neither acidic nor basic as compared to other liquids.
  2. Water exists in three states of matter than any other liquids.
  3. Water dissolves both organic and inorganic solutes.
  4. Water is used more domestically than any other liquids.
  5. Water dissolves more substances than any other known liquids.


(ii) When methane undergoes substitutional reaction with excess chlorine, what is the final product?

  1. Chloromethane
  2. Dichloromethane 
  3. Trichloromethane 
  4. Tetrachloromethane 
  5. Monochloromethane


(iii)  Why is hydrogen gas collected over water and by upward delivery method?

  1. It is insoluble in water and less denser than air.
  2. It is soluble in water and denser than air.
  3. It is insoluble in water and denser than air.
  4. It is soluble in water and less denser than air.
  5. It is soluble in both water and air.


(iv) Consider the following fuels which are used for different purposes:

  1. Coal
  2. Fire wood
  3. Petrol
  4. Charcoal.

Which fuels originate from fossils?

  1. 1 and 3
  2. 1 and 4
  3. 2 and 4
  4. 2 and 3
  5. 1 and 2


(v) The following are the uses of chromatography except:

  1. to analyse blood in crime scenes.
  2. to detect different fibres.
  3. to detect water pollution.
  4. to bleach dye/colour.
  5. to test purity of organic substances.


(vi)  What is the proper set of apparatus would you use to grind granules of a solid substance into fine powder in the laboratory?

  1. Pestle and filter funnel   
  2. Separating funnel and mortar
  3. Pestle and filter paper                  
  4. Pestle and mortar
  5. Thistle funnel and mortar


(vii) Oxygen gas can be produced in a large scale by:

  1. condensation of air.
  2. condensation of liquefied air.
  3. liquefaction of steam.
  4. Fractional distillation of liquefied air.
  5. evaporation of liquefied air.


(viii)  Which of the following sets of processes uses a gas that ignites with a "pop" sound when a lighted splint is passed through it?

  1. Balloon filling, welding and diving 
  2. Hardening oil, balloon filling and welding
  3. Hardening oil, balloon filling and diving
  4. Fueling rocket, diving and welding
  5. Balloon filling, fueling rocket and diving


(ix) Which statement is the most correct about chemistry laboratory?

  1. Is a special room designed for conducting chemical tests.
  2. Is a special room designed for science practicals.
  3. Is a special room designed for keeping apparatuses. 
  4. Is a special room where data analysis is carried out.
  5. Is a special room where students learn chemistry.


(x) Which role does the organic matter play in the soil?

  1. Improving water infiltration of the soil.
  2. Accelerating break down of organic matter.
  3. Reserving nutrients thus providing soil fertility.
  4. Converting nitrogen into nitrates.
  5. Providing a room for organic material such as nylons.


2. Match the descriptions in List A with the corresponding scientific procedures in List B by writing the letter of the correct response besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST 1 LIST B
  1. A statement of how the results relate to hypothesis.
  2. A series of investigations.
  3. A statement that identifies an event, fact or situation.
  4. A tentative explanation.
  5. A step in which the researcher explains the results.
  1. Conclusion
  2. Data analysis
  3. Data collection
  4. Experimentation
  5. Hypothesis
  6. Observation
  7. Problem identification


SECTION B (70 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. (a) How many chlorine molecules are in 20 cm of chlorine gas at s.t.p?



   (b)Calculate the number of ions present in 5 g of copper II nitrate. (7 marks)



4.   (a) Distinguish normal salts from acidic salts based on how they are formed.



(b)  Give four uses of salts in daily life.  (7 marks)



5.  (a) Distinguish temporary hardness from permanent hardness of water.



 (b) With the help of chemical equations, explain how you can remove each type of water hardness in 5(a).  (7 marks)



6.  In the industrial preparation of sulphur trioxide, equilibrium is established between sulphur dioxide and oxygen gas as follows:

  (a)(i) Is the forward reaction an endothermic or exothermic process? Give a reason.



(ii) How would you adjust temperature and pressure to maximize the proportion of the product at equilibrium?



(b) (i) Why is it unfavorable to work with very high pressure and very low temperature in the Contact process?



(ii) What catalyst is used to speed up the rate of formation of sulphur trioxide before attaining the equilibrium? (7 marks)



7. An atom of element X having atomic number 11 combines with an atom of element Y haying atomic number 9 to form a compound.

(a) Write the formula of the compound and state the type of bond formed in the compound.



(b) Give four properties of the compound formed in 7(a).            (7 marks)



8. Explain each of the following statements and in each give its balanced chemical equation: 

  1.  Sulphur dioxide in solution is a powerful reducing agent.
  2. Sulphur dioxide in solution act as a bleaching agent.
  3. Sulphur dioxide can reduce chlorine and itself become oxidized.
  4. When hydrogen sulphide is passed through sulphur dioxide gas, yellow deposits are produced. (7 marks)


9. (a) Write the chemical symbols for beryllium, boron, neon, nitrogen and phosphorus.



 (b) Why some of the elements in 9(a) are assigned symbols with only one letter while others bear symbols with two letters?        (7 marks)



10.(a) Give three advantages of using chemical equations over word equations.



(b) You are provided with a compound composed of 22.2% zinc, 11.6% sulphur, 22.3% oxygen, and the rest percentage is water of crystallization. Calculate the molecular formula of the compound if its molecular mass is 283. (7 marks)



11 . A Form Three student conducted experiments in the laboratory to synthesize nitrogen, ammonia and ethane. The experimental results were tabulated as follows:

Experiment

            Reagents

Conditions

Products

1

Lead nitrate

Heat

Lead oxide, oxygen gas and nitrogen gas

2

Gaseous hydrogen and gaseous nitrogen

Catalyst

Ammonia gas

3

Ethene gas and hydrogen gas

Catalyst

Ethane

Write word equations with corresponding chemical equations to summarize the reactions taking place in each of the experiments I to 3. (7 marks)



12. (a) Which ways are the fossil fuels detrimental to the environment? Give four points. 



(b)  Briefly explain how biogas is produced by using domestic waste.    (7 marks)



SECTION C (15 Marks)

Answer one (1) question from this section.

13.Explain how to handle chemicals having the warning signs of flammable, corrosive, harmful, explosive and toxic in the laboratory.



14. Explain six measures for minimizing the environmental degradation caused by extraction of metals in Tanzania.



FORM FOUR BKEEPING NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

062           BOOK KEEPING

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                                      Tuesday, 12th November 2019 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of nine (9) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and two (2) questions from section C.
  3. Non programmable calculators may be used.
  4.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) When a new partner is admitted to a partnership business, any decrease in value of an asset resulting from valuation is debited to

  1.  asset account.
  2. cash account.
  3. trading Account.
  4. revaluation account. 
  5. partners Capital Account.


(ii) From the following categories of errors, identify the category of errors which affect only one account

  1. Casting errors
  2. Errors of principle
  3. Errors of omission
  4. Errors of original entry
  5. Errors of commission


  (iii) Which of the following books of prime entry is used to record a list of goods sold on credit?

  1. The sales return day book
  2. The purchases day book
  3. The sales day book
  4. The purchases return daybook 
  5.  The discount received book 


(iv) Which of the following accounting errors are corrected through the suspense account?

  1. Compensating errors
  2. Errors of complete reversal of entries
  3. Errors of principle
  4. Posting a different figure to an account 
  5. Errors of omission 


  (v) The term depreciation would best be described as the

  1.  value of money used to replace non-current assets.
  2.  value of non-current assets consumed due to its use.
  3.  gradual increase in value of non-current assets due to its use.
  4.  value of a non-current asset that remains after its use.
  5.  amount incurred to repair the non-current assets.


  (vi)A business had an opening and closing capital balances of TZS 57,000 and TZS 64,300 respectively in a certain financial year. The drawings during the same year amounted to TZS 11,800. What was the amount of profit made by the business during that year?

  1.  TZS 19,100 
  2.  TZS 16,600 
  3. TZS 5,000
  4. TZS 19,600
  5. TZS 18,600


(vii) What should be the accounting entry for expenses incurred by a consignor in his books of accounts?

  1.  Credited to consignment account and debited to goods sent on consignment account
  2.  Debited to cash book and credited to consignment account
  3.  Debited to consignment account and credited to cash/bank account
  4.  Credited to goods sent on consignment account and debited to cash/bank account
  5. Debited to cash/bank account and credited to consignee account


(viii) Under which of the following circumstances can an auditor issue a qualified audit opinion?

  1.  When the auditor conclude that all aspects of the financial statements are fine with exception of the matter to which the qualification relate.
  2.  When the auditor is unable to form an opinion as to whether the financial statement give a true and fair view.
  3.  When the effects of disagreement is so material and pervasive that a qualification is not adequate to disclose the misleading nature of the financial statements.
  4.  When the auditor is satisfied in all materials respects that the financial statements show a true and fair view of the affairs of the entity.
  5.  When the auditor doesnt express her opinion on the financial statement it may be because the auditors independence was intervened.


(ix) Given balance as per cash book TZS 6,500, uncredited cheque TZS 1,500, bank charges not yet entered in the cash book TZS 500 and credit transfer received by bank but not yet entered in the cash book TZS 1,000. What will the balance as per bank statement?

  1. TZS 7,500
  2. TZS 4,500
  3. TZS 8,500
  4. TZS 5,500
  5. TZS 6,500 


(x) When preparing a trial balance, what would result if sales made to Ramima TZS 57,000 is wrongly debited to Ramimas account as TZS. 75 000?

  1.  Debit column of trial balance will exceed credit column by TZS 75,000
  2.  Credit column of trial balance will fall by TZS 75,000
  3.  Debit column of trial balance will exceed credit column by TZS 18,000
  4.  Credit column of trial balance will exceed debit column by TZS 18,000
  5.  Debit column of trial balance will exceed credit column by TZS. 57,000


(xi) What is the amount of stock reserve on a closing stock of TZS 6000 in department B if goods are transferred from department A to department B at a price which includes a profit of 25% on cost?

  1. TZS 1,200 
  2. TZS 2,200 
  3. TZS 1,500 
  4. TZS 2,500
  5. TZS 2,000


(xii) Government accounting is important for countries like Tanzania because it 

  1. expends more money in the system.
  2.  has the largest volume of monetary transactions.
  3.  provides more revenues and expenses.
  4.  prepares a budget duly passed by the parliament. 
  5. uses more money for schools.


(xiii) The suppliers personal accounts are kept in the

  1.  sales ledger. 
  2. private ledger.
  3. general ledger. 
  4. nominal ledger.
  5. purchases ledger.


(xiv) A credit balance in the income and expenditure account indicates the excess of

  1. income over expenditure. 
  2. cash receipts over credit sales. 
  3. expenditure over income. 
  4. gross profit over expenses. 
  5. expenses over net profit.


(xv) Which of the following depreciation methods uses the reduced value to compute the depreciation of a non-current asset?

  1.  Straight line method          
  2. Sum of the years digits method
  3. Diminishing balance method                 
  4. Machine hours rate method
  5. Unit of output method


2.For each of the items (i) - (v), match the descriptions of the different types of capital in Column A with their corresponding names in Column B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

COLUMN A COLUMN B

  1. Excess of current assets over current liabilities of a business.
  2. Non-current assets plus current assets.
  3. Total assets of the business less current liabilities.
  4. Total current assets.
  5. The amount of money invested in business by the owner.
  1. Asset capital 
  2. Gross working capital
  3. Current capital
  4. Capital owned
  5. Gross capital employed 
  6. Net working capital 
  7. Net capital Employed


SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Briefly explain the following accounting concepts:

  1.  Business entity
  2. Money measurement
  3.  Accruals
  4.  Going concern
  5. Dual aspect


4. A partnership may be formed through an oral or a written legal agreement among the partners. Suppose there is no written partnership agreement, explain briefly five provisions of the Partnership Act that would govern the operations of the partnership.



5.The following is the Cash Book of Mr Nguzo as at 31 st August 2016.

               DR                                    Cash Book                                   CR

Date

Details

Cash

bank

Date

Details

Cash

Bank

1/8/2016

Capital

94,000

 

2/8/2016

Bank

90,000

 

2/8/2016

Cash

 

90,000

5/8/2016

Wages

 

8,000

29/8/2016

Sales

22,180

 

7/8/2016

Purchases

2,362

 

 

 

 

 

17/8/2016

Motor van

 

69,000

 

 

 

 

28/8/2016

Firelighter

 

2,800

 

 

 

 

30/8/2016

Rent

3,818

 

 

 

 

 

 

Balance c/d

20,000

10,200

 

 

116,180

90,000

 

 

116,180

90,000

1/9/2016

 

20,000

10,200

 

 

 

 

Use the principle of double entry to post the entries from the cash book to their respective ledger accounts and balance off the accounts at 3 1 st August 2016.



6. Rasheeda is a treasurer of the Down Town Sports Club; she has not kept proper book keeping records but has kept notes in a diary form of the Clubs transactions for the year ended 31 st December 2018. She is able to give you the following list of assets and liabilities of the Club at 3 1 SDecember 2018:

     Details                                                              31 st December 2018

Motor van

250,000

Fixtures

80,000

Stock

190,000

Debtors

310,ooo

Bank

375,000

Cash

15,000

Creditors

90,000

Owing: Salaries

9,500

Loan from bank

100,000

Prepaid insurance

6,000

Buildings

125,000

Equipment

50,000

Prepaid income

4,000

Additional information:

The Clubs accumulated fund at I st January 2018 amounted to TZS 954, 100. Drawings during the year amounted to TZS 260,000.

Using the information provided prepare:

  1. The Clubs statement of affairs and determine the Clubs accumulated fund at 31 st December 2018.
  2. The statement showing the computation of surplus or deficit of income over expenditure of the Club for the year 2018.


SECTION C (40 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

7. On I st September 2018 Viera Nick, an entrepreneur and cafe manager had the following financial position relating to her business activities:

TZS

Balance at Bank

200,000

Inventory

150,000

Cash in hand


Accounts receivable:

120,000

Mkombozi

500,000

Ujamaa

180,000

Uzalendo


Accounts payable:

50,000

Navona

900,000

Bhoke

25,000


During September 2018, the following events occurred:     

  1.  Mkombozi settled his account after taking a cash discount of 20%.
  2.  Ujamaa is declared bankrupt and no payments are expected in respect of the debt.
  3.  Uzalendo paid his debt in full.
  4.  All accounts payable were paid and Navona allowed Viera Nick a cash discount of 10%.
  5. The following transactions were paid in cash: salaries and wages TZS 50,000, general expenses TZS 15,000 and rent and rates TZS 22,000.

Open the bank Account, Cash Account, Discounts Allowed Account, Discounts Received Account, Bad Debts Account, the customers Accounts in the sales ledger and the suppliers Accounts in the purchases ledger, record the given information and balance off the accounts at 30th September, 2018.



8. Enter the following transactions in the Three Column Cash Book of Mrs Pamba, balance it off at the end of April 2017 and show the discounts accounts in the general ledger:

April 1  Mrs Pamba had the following balances in her cash book; cash in hand TZS 62,000              and at bank TZS 714,200.

2   The following debtors paid their accounts by cheque, in each case deducting 5% cash discount: G. George TZS 26,000, P. Peter TZS 32,000, T. Tabu TZS 42,000 (All amounts are pre discounts).

4   Mrs Pamba paid rates by cheque TZS 43,000.

6   Mrs Pamba received a loan from F. Fabian TZS 500,000 by cheque.

8   Mrs Pamba paid the following accounts by cheque and in each case deducting 3% cash discount: R. Robert TZS 72,000, G. Green TZS 96,000, L. Lamona TZS 160,000 (All amounts are pre discounts)

10   Mrs Pamba paid general expenses in cash TZS 8,100.

12   J. Juma a debtor paid his account ofTZS 9,000 by cheque TZS 8,800, after deducting TZS 200 cash discount.

15   Mrs Pamba paid salaries in cash TZS 58,000.

21   Mrs Pamba withdrew cash from bank TZS 40,000 for business use.

24    Mrs Pamba withdrew cash for personal use TZS 20,000.

25    Mrs Pamba bought motor van paying by cheque TZS 72,000.

30   Mrs Pamba received commission by cheque TZS 12,000.



9.   The following is a trial balance of Mr Mashamba for the year ended 31st December 2018:

Mr Mashambas Trial Balance as at 31 December 2018

 

DR

CR

Inventory of raw materials 1/1/2018

Inventory of finished goods 1/1/2018 Inventory of work in progress 1/1/2018 wages (Direct 3,600,000  factory indirect TZS 2,900,000)

Royalties

Carriage inwards on raw materials

Purchase of raw materials

Machinery and Plant (cost 5,600,000) Office Fixtures (Cost TZS 400,000)

Other factory expenses

Lighting and heating

Factory power and fuel

Salaries

Sales expenses

Commission on sales

Rent

Insurance

General administration expenses

Office Rates

Discount allowed Carriage outwards



Sales

Account receivable & Account payable Cash at Bank

Cash in hand


Drawings

Capital as at 1/1/2018

420,000

778,000

270,000

6,500,000

140,000

70,000

7,400,000

4,600,000

240,000

620,000

150,000

274,000

880,000

600,000

230,000

240,000

84,000

268,000

46,000

96,000

1 18,000


2,846,000

336,000

30,000

1,200,000

20,000,000

1,280,000



7,156,000

28,436,000

28,436,000

Notes at 31/12/2018:

 (i)Inventory of raw materials TZS 480,000, inventory of finished goods TZS 800,000 and inventory of work in progress TZS 300,000.

(ii) Lighting, rent and insurance are to be appoftioned as follows: Factory 5/6, administration 1/6.

(iii) Depreciation on machinery and plant and office fixtures is 10% per annum on cost.

 (iv) Net Profit was TZS. 1,796,000.

Use the given information to prepare the Statement of Manufacturing Cost for the year ending 31 st December 2018 and the Statement of Financial Position as at 31st December 2018.



FORM FOUR ENGLISH NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

022        ENGLISH LANGUAGE

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                            Monday, 04th November 2019 a.m

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of twelve (12) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from sections C.
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the most correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

 (i) Kifimbo drives his car carefully. When does he drive his car?

  1. He does this every day.
  2. He is doing now.
  3. He did it days ago.
  4. He will do it in days to come. 
  5. He has just finished doing it.


 (ii) Which sentence among the following is grammatically correct?

  1. They drawn a picture.
  2. They have drawing a picture.
  3. They draw pictures.
  4. They have been drawn a picture. 
  5. They are draw a picture.


 (iii)           Sarah and her family             most of the people in their town, dont they?

  1. knows
  2. have known
  3. are knowing
  4. Knew
  5. Know


(iv) All what Safina           to do now is to get back to school.

  1. is wanting
  2. Wanted
  3. Has wanted
  4. Wants
  5. Want


(v) The sun             in the East, doesnt it?

  1. rise
  2. Is rising
  3. Rose
  4. Rises
  5. Has risen


(vi)  Does money                  more money?

  1. attract      
  2. attracts         
  3. attracting
  4. attracted                         
  5. has attracted


(vii) Juliana                  the school compound every day.

  1. clean        
  2. is cleaning    
  3. cleaned
  4. has cleaned                  
  5. cleans


(viii) They matched home despite the fact that it was raining. What justifies that the given sentence is in the past form?

  1. The use of "raining" after the word was.
  2. The use of — ing in the word raining.
  3. The use of the root "match" in matched. 
  4. The use of the phrase despite the fact that.
  5. The use of particle —ed in the word matched.


(ix)  "My heart is beating fast." What does the underlined part of the word indicate in this sentence?

  1. The past continuous tense.
  2. Daily routine. 
  3. Future activity.
  4. The simple present tense. 
  5. Ongoing activity.


(x)   "There is a man sitting outside. The man has been waiting for you since morning".

Why is article "the" used with the word "man" in the second sentence?

  1. The word man is a unique thing.
  2. The man is a particular person.
  3. The man is mentioned for the second time.
  4. It is used to differentiate it from the first one.
  5. Because the word man is not the same one.


2. Match the description of places in List A with the correct place names in List B by writing its letter beside the corresponding item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A LIST B

  1. A place where books for reading are kept in school.
  2. A place where wild animals are kept.
  3. A place where people go for treatment.
  4. A place where you can buy and sale food staffs. 
  5. A place where artistic objects, cultural, historical things are kept.
  1. Home 
  2. Library
  3. Market
  4. Hospital
  5. Museum 
  6. School
  7. zoo



SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Write an appropriate question tag for each of the following statements:

  1. You dont expect father to believe that.
  2. He is counting books in the shelf.
  3. You are doing an English Language examination. 
  4. Madam Laura has not been kind.


4. Dictionaries use abbreviations and symbols to save space. What do the following abbreviations and symbols stand for?

  1. pp
  2. [U]
  3. (BrE)
  4. [V]


5.Future expression can be presented in a number of ways. Construct one sentence under each of the following ways to illustrate their use.

  1. The use of "will " or "shall".
  2. The use of verb "be" + " going" + "to infinitive".
  3. The use of "present continuous form". 
  4. The use of verb "be" + "about to".


6.Suppose you are sent to a shop to buy some food stuff. How would you communicate with the shopkeeper using the given question guides in (a-d)?

  1. How would you start the conversation?
  2. How would you ask for the item you want to buy?
  3. How would you ask for the price?
  4. How would you ask for the quantity of the item you want?


7. Consider that you have witnessed a serious accident on your way to school. Use the following words to construct a sentence for each to describe the accident.

  1. Bad
  2. Injured
  3. Terrible
  4. Horrible


8. Read the passage below carefully then answer the questions that follow.

English Language seems to be a problem to both teachers and students in Tanzania although it is an official language. It is taught as a subject in primary schools and is used as the medium of instruction from secondary schools to higher education levels.

In recent years, the language has been a barrier in academic performance among many students. It acts as an obstacle to some of the students toward learning new concepts intended since they fail to understand what is taught in the classroom by using English Language. As a result they finish a certain level of education without having the required skills and competences.

Some measures should be taken in order to solve the existing problem. It is suggested that Kiswahili should be used as a medium of instruction in all levels of education because it is the National language and it is well understood by Tanzanians as compared to English Language. It has been proven through various researches that, people understand better when they learn in the language they know.

There are some prevailing wrong perceptions that, Kiswahili has limited vocabularies and it is not self-sufficient when it comes to scientific and technological issues. This is a very wrong perception since any language in the universe has ability to borrow and incorporate words from other languages. However, there is no language which is self sufficient by itself.

Questions:

  1. Suggest the suitable title for the passage with about four to ten words.


  2. How could the problem of language of instruction be solved in Tanzania? Explain one means.


  3. Why has English Language been a problem in Tanzania? Give one reason.


  4. In your opinion, which language between Kiswahili and English should be used as a medium of instruction in all levels of education in Tanzania? Limit your response to one point.


SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

9. Argue against the statement "Digital revolution has spoilt the world". Use six points in not more than 250 words.



LIST OF READINGS FOR QUESTIONS 10-12

NOVELS AND SHORT STORIES

  • A Wreath for Fr. Mayer   -    S. N. Ndunguru (1977), Mkuki na Nyota
  •  Unanswered Cries  -  Osman Conteh, Macmillan
  •  Passed Like a Shadow  - B. M. Mapalala (2006), DUP
  •  Spared  -  S. N. Ndunguru (2004), Mkuki na Nyota
  •  Weep Not Child - Ngugi wa Thiongo (1987) ; Heinemann
  •  The Interview   -   P. Ngugi (2002), Macmillan

PLAYS

  • Three Suitors: One Husband - O. Mbia (1994), Eyre Methuen 
  • The Lion and the Jewel  -  W. Soyinka (1963), OUP
  • This Time Tomorrow - Ngugi wa Thiongo (1972), Heinemann
  • The Black Hermit  - Ngugi wa Thiongo (1968), Heinemann

POETRY

  • Songs of Lawino and Ocol   -  O. PBitek (1979), EAPH
  • Growing up with Poetry -  D. Rubadiri (ed) (1989), Heinemann
  • Summons - R. Mabala (1960), TPH

10. Use two poems "A freedom Song" by Macgoye M.O. and "Song of Lawino" by Okot p Bitek to explain the way the poets have portrayed the issue of oppression and show the relevance of these poems to your society. Provide three points for each poem.



11. Using characters from two novels you have studied under this section analyse bad traits which should not be adapted in Tanzanian context. Provide three points from each novel.



12. "Literature as a mirror reflects the culture of a particular society". Justify this statement by using two plays that you have studied under this section. For each play, provide three points.



FORM FOUR MATHEMATICS NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA
 CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

041    BASIC MATHEMATICS

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                        Wednesday, 06th November 2019 a.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A and B with a total of fourteen (14) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B. Each question in section A carries six (6) marks while each question in section B carries ten (10) marks.
  3. All necessary working and answers for each question must be shown clearly.
  4. NECTA mathematical tables may be used.
  5. Cellular phones, calculators and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (60 Marks)  

Answer all questions in this section.

1. (a) Mangoes are to be exactly divided into groups of 20, 30 or 36 .What is the minimum number of mangoes required?



(b) Mary was given 60,000 shillings by her mother. She spent 35 percent of the money to buy shoes and 10 percent of the remaining money to buy books. How much money remained?



 



2(b) Find the value of expression

 

By using mathematical table 



 3.(a)Use the following diagram to answer the question that follows

 

(i) Find the number of subsets of set B (ii) Find the elements of set AnB.

(iii) If an element is picked at random from the universal set (U), find the probability that it is not the element of set B.



3(b)  The Ministry of Business and Industries has planned to employ 54 people who  will work in the business sector, 36 people who will work in industries sector only, 12  people who will work in both sectors and 21 people who will neither work in business sector nor in industries sector. How many people will be employed by the Ministry? (Use a Venn diagram).



4(a) Find the equation of a line which passes through the point A(-3, 4) and which is parallel to the line 3x + 4y - 15=0.



4(b) The points P, Q and R are (5, —3), (-6, I) and (1, 8) respectively. Show that these points form an isosceles triangle.



5.(a)  If AB is parallel to CD and PQ is a transversal. sketch the line segments and label on the same diagram the following pairs angles:

(i)  corresponding angles a and g.

(ii) alternate interior angles f and g, (iii) vertically opposite angles c and d.



5. (b) Given that triangle ABC is similar to triangle PQR, AB = 4 cm, BC =5 cm, PQ = 18 cm and angle PQR is 30, find the area of triangle PQR.



6.(a) Mr. Ogango from Kenya visited Tanzania. He had 5,000 Kenya shillings (Kshs) and wanted to change the money into US dollar. If 1 US dollar was equivalent to 2500 Tanzania shillings (Tshs) and Ksh 1 was equivalent to Tshs 20, how much US dollars did he get?



6. (b)  A gardener has found that the time t to cut the grass on a square field varies directly as the square of its length (L) and inversely as the number of men (m) doing that job. If 5 men cut grass on a field of side 50 m in 3 hours, how many more men are required to cut grass on a field of side 100 m in 5 hours? Assume that the men are working on the same pace.



7(a) Misumbwi, Shuma and Kiyando contributed 770,000, 560,000 and 1,050,000

shillings respectively to start a business. Find the ratio of their contribution in its simplest form.



(b) Use the following trial balance to prepare trading, profit and loss account of Mr.

Rwaichi as at 31st December 2015

Account Name

Dr

Cr

Cash

1,750,000

 

Capital

 

2,500,000

Purchases

2,300,000

 

Rent

200,000

 

Furniture

550,000

 

Shelves

350,000

 

Sales

 

3,000,000

Salary

250,000

 

Wages

100,000

 

 

5,500,000

5,500,000



8.(a)Given that 49, x and 81 are consecutive terms of a geometric progression. Find:

(i)   The value of x.

(ii)The geometric mean.



(b) A wall is in the shape of a trapezium. The first level of wall is made-up of 50  bricks where as the top level has 14 bricks. If the levels differ from each other by 4 bricks, determine the number of 

(i) levels of the bricks.

(ii) bricks used to make the wall.



9.(a) The following diagram shows the location of the houses A, B and C. How far is house A from B? Give your answer to the nearest meter.

 



9. (b) A rectangular frame is made of wooden bars. The diagonal of the frame is 25 cm long and its width is 15 cm. Find the length of the frame.



 10.(a) Factorize the quadratic expression 3x2 - 11x - 20  by splitting the middle term



10.(b) Solve the equation 2x2 + 3x - 5=0 by completing the square



SECTION B( 40 Marks)

Answer All Questions

11.The number of patients who attended maternity clinic daily in June 2 in a certain village was recorded as follows:

52

61

42

27

38

44

56

36

73

22

41

48

77

30

46

43

72

63

43

76

47

53

38

55

60

51

47

58

33

37

(a)  Make a frequency distribution by grouping the number of patients in the class intervals: 20 - 29, 30 - 39, 40 - 49, ....

(b)By using the frequency distribution table obtained in part (a), calculate the mean number of patients per day.

(c)  Construct a pie chart for the frequency distribution obtained in part (a).



12.(a)  A ship sails from Pemba (4.5°S, 39.5°E) to Dar es salaam (7.5°S, 39.5°E). If it leaves Pemba at 11:30 am and arrived in Dar es salaam at 13:30 pm, use and RE=6370km to find speed of ship in km/h 



(b) Sketch a square pyramid whose base is PQRS, vertex is at W and centre is at N, then answer the questions that follow:

(i)     State the projection of  

(ii)  Name the angles between  



(c)  The volume of a square pyramid is 28.2 cm3. If the sides of its base are 4 cm long, find the height of the pyramid correct to one decimal place.



13.(a)(i)  Given the matrices .

Find  



(ii) If the matrix  is singular, find the possible value of k



(b)Solve the following system of linear equations by using inverse matrix method

 



(c)  By using transformation matrix find image of point . Hence state the axis in which point is reflected.



14.(a)  Calculate the values of  if f is defined as  

 



(b)  Using information given in part (a), find  



(c) A trader has a space for 5 refrigerators. The trader plans to spend 2,400,000 shillings to buy refrigerators of two brands, Hitachi and Sony. Each Hitachi refrigerator costs 600,000 shillings whereas each Sony refrigerator costs 400,000 shillings. The unit profits for Hitachi and Sony refrigerators are 200,000 shillings and 150,000 shillings respectively. Denoting x and y as the number of Hitachi and Sony refrigerators respectively, determine the number of refrigerators for each brand that maximizes the profit. 



FORM FOUR PHYSICS NECTA 2019

 THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

031/1                 PHYSICS 1

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours    Friday, 08th November 2019 a.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of eleven (11) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and two (2) questions from section C.
  3.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4.  Non-programmable calculators may be used.
  5.  Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).
  6. Where necessary the following constants may be used:
  1.  Acceleration due to gravity, g = 10 m/s 2
  2. Density of water = I .0 g/cm 3 
  3. Pie= 3.14.
  4.  Coefficient of linear expansivity of the brick 1.2 x 10 -5 K -1
  5.  Speed of light in air = 3 x 108 m/s. 
  6. Speed of sound in air = 340 m/s.

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Which pairs of instruments would you use to correctly measure the diameter of a small ball bearing?

  1.  Measuring tape and vernier caliper
  2.  Slide rule and micrometer screw gauge
  3.  Vernier caliper and slide rule
  4.  Micrometer screw gauge and vernier caliper
  5. Metre rule and micrometer screw gauge


(ii) A piece of a cork of volume 100 cm 3 is floating on the surface of water. If the density of the cork is 0.25 g cm -3 , what volume of the cork is immersed in the water?

  1. 100 cm -3
  2. 0.25 cm 3
  3. 25 cm 3
  4. 100.25 cm 3
  5. 0.025 cm 3


(iii) A layer of colorless water floating on a blue copper (Il) sulphate solution becomes blue after sometime. Which physical process supports the observation made?

  1. Diffusion       
  2. Cohesive  
  3. Surface tension
  4. Adhesive  
  5. Osmosis


(iv) A pin-hole camera 200 mm long produces an image of 2 mm diameter of the sun. If the sun's distance from the earth is about km , what is the diameter of the sun?

  1. 1.5 x 10 8 km
  2. 1.5 x 10 6 km
  3. 3 x 10 5 km
  4. 7.5 x 10 4 km
  5. 3.0 x 10 3 km


(v) Which phenomena is a result of the earth being exactly along the same line between the centre of the sun and the moon?

  1. Lunar eclipse
  2. Penumbra
  3. Solar eclipse
  4. Umbra
  5. Reflection


(vi) Which metals become strongly magnetized when subjected to a magnetic field?

  1. Nickel and copper
  2. Zinc and aluminium
  3. Cobalt and iron
  4. Aluminium and lead
  5. Iron and zinc


(vii) A body moved upward a distance of 20 m. Calculate the time taken to reach the maximum height.

  1. 2 s
  2. 5 s
  3. 10 s   
  4. 15 s   
  5. 11 s


(viii) The temperature of a certain liquid is measured to be 300 K. What will be its temperature in degree centigrade?

  1. 2730 c   
  2. 1000 c   
  3.  57 0 C
  4. 370 C
  5. 270 C


(ix)Which factors influence friction between tyres of a car moving with constant speed and the surface of the road?

  1.  Weight and speed
  2. Speed and nature of the surface
  3. Nature of the surface and weight
  4. Surface area of the tires and speed
  5. Acceleration and nature of the surface


(x) When the sun shines on the dark-coloured driving wheel of a car, the wheel feels warm. Why?

  1.  It is because the sun warms the car by induction.
  2.  It is because the sun gives energy to the wheel by convection.
  3.  It is because the sun radiates thermal energy to the wheel.
  4.  It is because the sun radiates heat to the glass windows.
  5. It is because the sun conducts thermal •energy to the wheel.


2. Match the properties of radiations in List A with the corresponding radiations in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

The responses can be used more than once.

LIST A LIST B
  1. Has weak-moderate ionising power.
  2. Is deflected towards south pole of the magnet.
  3. Has high penetrating power but stopped by lead sheet.
  4. Has the least penetrating power but stopped by a sheet of paper.
  5. Has a speed up to 10% times the speed of light in vacuum.



SECTION B (60 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. (a) In a light experiment, a narrow beam of light directed onto a glass prism leaves the prism and falls on a white screen. Draw a labelled diagram to show the experimental set-up and observation seen on a screen.        (5 marks)



 (b)     Explain two ways in which lens cameras differ from human eye.   (5 marks)



4. (a) Why a bubble of air increases in volume as it rises from the bottom of a pond of water to the surface? Briefly explain.       (5 marks)



(b) A half meter rule AB is freely pivoted at 18 cm from end A and balances horizontally when a body of mass 35 g is hung 48 cm from end B. Calculate the mass of the rule.   (5 marks)



5. (a)Figure 1 shows a simple machine B which has to be used to pull the packing case of 2000N into the car by an effort of 500 N. Calculate the efficiency of machine B. ( 5 marks)

 

Figure 1



 (b) With the aid of a clearly labeled diagram, describe an experiment to investigate the relationship between the force acting on a body and the acceleration produced. ( 5 marks)



6. (a) A beaker containing ice is heated from -5°C to 0°C and then from 0°C to 15°C. With the aid of a diagram, explain the variation of density with temperature. ( 5 marks)



(b) A brick at 20°C has a dimension of 30 cm, 18 cm and 10 cm for length, width and height respectively. If a brick is heated to a new temperature of 150°C, calculate the new dimensions. ( 5 marks)



 7(a)  With the aid of a diagram, explain the function of a fuse in an electrical appliance. ( 5 marks)



(b) A circuit in a house is protected by a 10 A fuse. The circuit is connected to the 240 V mains.

The following appliances are connected to the circuit:

Appliance

Power rating

Bulb 1

100 W

Bulb 2

75 W

TV

300 W

Heater

1500 W

Determine whether the fuse will blow on or off if all appliances are turned on. ( 5 marks)



 8(a) (a) Why the inner core of the earth is solid while the outer core is liquid? Briefly explain. ( 5 marks) Soln.



(b) The frequency obtained from a plucked string when the tension is 2 N is 400 Hz. Calculate the frequency when the tension is increased by 6 N. ( 5 marks)



SECTION C (25 Marks) 

Answer two ( 2) question from this section. 

9. (a) Carefully study Figure 2 which shows a design for an electrical operation model for lifting metal objects. Briefly explain three things you can do so that a heavier iron metal block can be lifted. ( 6 marks)

 

Figure 2



(b) Why a musician must retune a stringed instrument if its temperature changes? (2.5 marks)



(c) During a thunderstorm, the time between the flash of light and the thunder is 10 s. How far away is the thunderstorm? (4 marks)



10. (a) A sample of carbon isotope 146C has a half-life of 5700 years. What fraction of 146C will remain after 11400 years? ( 6 marks) 



 (b) Describe the construction and mode of action of the PN junction semiconductor. ( 6.5 marks)



11. (a) Electrical energy is distributed in all parts of Tanzania by the National grid system which transmits alternating current at a very high voltage. Explain why is it necessary to have a very high voltage? ( 5.5 marks)



 (b) A generator producing a varying current from 0 to 10 A was allowed to flow in a coil of magnetic field. After a time interval the current was observed to be 4 A. Describe how back e.m.f. Was induced in a self-induction (7 marks) 



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