Time: 3 Hours November 2020 a.m.


1.This paper consists of sections A and B with a total of fourteen (14) questions.

2.Answer all questions in sections A and B. Each question in section A carries six (6) marks while each question in section B carries ten (10) marks.

3.All necessary working and answers for each question must be shown clearly.

4.mathematical tables may be used.

5.Cellular phones, calculators and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.

SECTION A (60 Marks) 

Answer all questions in this section.

1.a) Use mathematical table, evaluate 

(b)Express 5.4545454545... in form of a/b where a and b are both integers.


b)Solve for x the following equation 32x-3 X 8x+4 = 64 ÷  2x

c)Rationalize the denominator 

3.a) Find value of P which makes the following equations perfect square

i) x2 + 8x +P=0 

ii) x2 - image x + P=0

b) Solve for x the equation

4.a)Given the universal set U={p, q, r, s, t, x, y,z} A={p, q, r, t} B={r, s, t, y }.

Find i)(AUB) ii)(A’nB’)

b)In a class of 60 students, 22 students study Physics only, 25 study Biology only and 5 students study neither Physics nor Biology. Find i) Number of students study Physics and Biology. ii) Number of students that study Biology.

5.a) A, B and C are to share 120,000/= in the ratio ofimage :image : image . How much will each get?

b)A radio is sold at T. sh 40,500/= this price is 20% value added tax(V.A.T). Calculate the amount of V.A.T.

6.(a) Triangles ABC and STBare similar. AB=3cm and ST=2cm. The area of triangle STU is 6cm2. Find the area of triangle ABC

(b) The translation T maps the origin onto a point P(4,8). Where will T map the points: (i) Q(0,4)?

(ii) N(−10,8)

7. (a) Find the equation of the line through the point (2,−2) crossing the image-axis at the same point as the line whose equation is y= x−4

(b) A farmer sold a quarter of his maize harvest and give one third of the remaining to his relatives.If the farmer remained with 36 bags of maize, find:- (i) How many bags of maize did the farmer harvest. (ii) How many bags of maize did the farmer sold.

8.(a) The sum of 1st n-terms of certain series is 2n-1, show that this series is Geometric Progression. Find an the nth term of this series.

(b) )The 5th term of A.P is 23 and the 12th term is 37. Find

(i)The tenth term

(ii)The sum of the first tenth terms by using the values computed above without using the common difference for this progression

9.(a) Given that 


Find The value of


(b) A man standing on top of cliff 100m high, is in line with two buoys whose angles of depression are 170 and 210. Calculate the distance between the buoys.

10. a)Solve for x if 

(b) A two-digit of positive number is such that, the product of the digits is 8. When 18 is added to the number, then the digits are reversed. Find the number.


Answer All Questions In This Section

11. The daily wages of one hundred men are distributed as shown below

Wages in T.Sh. x 1,000

3.0 - 3.4

3.5 - 3.9

4.0 - 4.4

4.5 - 4.9

5.0 - 5.4

5.5 - 5.9

6.0 - 6.4

6.5 - 6.9

Number of men









a)Find the value of x

b)Calculate the daily mean wage of the 100 men

c)Draw histogram to represent this data and use it to estimate Mode

d)Draw cumulative frequency curve and use it to represent Median

12.(a ) Find values of angles marked x0 and y0 in the figure below


(b)Prove that exterior angle of cyclic quadrilateral is equal to interior opposite angle.

(c)Two places P and Q both on the parallel of latitude 260N differ in longitude by 400. Find the distance between them along their parallel of latitude

13. .(a)Prepare Balance sheet of Mr. Hamis from the following Assets and Liabilities on 31 st December 2009:

•Creditors 100,000/=

•Debtors 150,000/=

•Bank Overdraft 50,000/=

•Cash in hand 15,000/=

•Stock 85,000/=

•Furniture 42,000/=

•Premises 250,000/=

•Capital 392,000/=

(b) Use the transactions above to find

i.Total current asset

ii.Total Current liability

iii.Working Capital iv. Total fixed Asset

14. a) The function f is defined as follows:

i) Sketch the graph of f(x) 

(ii) Determine domain and range (

(iii) Find  f(1) ,  f(-4)  and f(π)

(b)For what values of x is function f(x)=image is undefined?





(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3:00 HoursDecember 2020 p.m.


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C, with total of ten (10) questions
  1. Answer ALL questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C
  1. Map extract of (265/2) Ilonga Sheet is provided
  1. Credit will be given for the use of recreant diagrams
  1. Write your examination number on each answer sheet you have used.

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questionsin this section

1. For each of the items (i) – (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)What is a proper name for the study of the description of the earth?

Asolar system





(ii)You have been visited the coastal area of Bagamoyo and you find the forests with deep roots and roots project above the mud and water to absorb oxygen, what kind of forest is that?

ATropical forest

BMangrove forest

CConiferous forest

DDeciduous forest

ETemperate forest

(iii)If the time at town X is 150E is 12:00 noon what could be the longitude town Y if it is 8:00 am?






(iv)Mrs Kilua was wondering how fragments are worn out during collision against each other at Kondoa river during rainy season, her daughter tells her that process is known as ……

AHydraulic action





(v)The Maasai around Oldonyo Lengai mountain were wondering the way mountain vomiting fire and smoke, they believe that the mountain was possessed by bad evils, tell them is not evils but is …………..

AVolcanic eruptions

BTectonic movements

CMass wasting

DFire from God


(vi)Suppose you want to carry out a field study on the atmospheric conditions suitable for growth of maize on a farm village. What are the best weather components to be considered…?

ARainfall and wind

BRainfall and could cover

CMoisture and sunshine

DRainfall and temperature

EPressure and humidity

(vii)Last year people of Bukoba District experience shaking of crustal rocks which lead to destruction of properties and death of people. Where this shaking does originated inside the earth’s crust?

AAt the focus

BAt the epicentre

CAt the fault

DAt the Lake Victoria

(viii)The process of peeling off and falling of rock mass is called



CMass wasting



(ix)Workers who were working at Government offices in Dar es salaam are now moving to Dodoma as their new offices. Identify the type of that movement






(x)Recently in Rwanda the land with their vegetation was sliding down a slope and people were busy in taking photos and wondering to that situation, tell them what type of geological process was taking place

AErosion and deposition

BDenudation and transportation

CLand slide and erosion

DMass wasting and transportation

ELandslide and deposition

2.Match the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer sheet provided.




Fineness and coarseness of soilparticles

A. Soil type

B. Soil profile

C. loam soil

D. soil texture

E. Soil structure

F. Soil fertility

G. Soil organic matters

H. Soil chemistry

I. Soil erosion

J. Soil water

K. Soil air


Removal of materials from surface of land


Vertical section of the soil to the underlying rocks


Status of soil with respect to amount of elements necessary for plants growth


Residues that have decomposed and mixed with soil mass

SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions from this section

3Study the map extract of Ilonga (sheet 265/2) and answer the following questions.

  1. Measure the distance covered by the river in kilometre from grid reference 630000 to 600979
  2. Use the square methods to calculate the area covered by Namihondo pond.
  3. With evidence, mention three (3) economic activities which may be conducted on a mapped area
  4. Describe the nature of relief of the area
  5. With one reason, suggest the type of climate
  6. Identify any three (3) factors which have influenced the population distribution of Ilonga town.

4.Carefully study the data below which shows the exports of tea from Kilimanjaro in tones.



(In Tonnes)





















a)Name the two simplest methods of presenting the data

b)Outline two values of presenting the data by simple methods mentioned in (a) above

c)Present the given statistical data by using divergent bar graph.

5. (a)What is meant by Moraine erosion?

(b) Describe four (4) processes which are involved in Moraine erosion.

6.(a) Distinguish fold mountains from volcanic mountains

(b) Briefly explain how the rift valley is formed

7.Study carefully the photograph below then answers the questions that follow: -

Geography (1)

  1. Name the type of photograph
  2. Describe the possible climate of the area
  3. Suggest four economic activities that might be taking place in the area
  4. Suggest three possible regions in Tanzania where the photograph might have been taken

SECTION C. (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8.Explain any six objectives of constructing the Stigler’s gorge hydro- electric power in Tanzania.

9.Mage’s grandmother used to cultivate many crops in small area, using local seeds and hand hoe and now she is blaming that she harvests nothing in five years and she is complaining that her neighbours are the one who cause this problem. Explain to her six ways on how she can improve her farming system instead of complaining to her neighbours.

10.Explain six human factors which influences population distribution and density in Tanzania





(Kwa watahiniwa Walioko na Wasiokuwa Shuleni)



1. Karatasi hii ina sehemu A, B na C zenye jumla ya maswali kumi na mbili (12).

2. Jibu maswali yote kutoka sehemu A, B na chagua maswali matatu (03) kutoka sehemu C.

3. Zingatia maagizo ya kila sehemu na kila swali.

4Andika kwa kutumia kalamu ya wino wa bluu au nyeusi

5. Simu za mkononi na vitu vyote visivyoruhusiwa haziruhusiwi katika chumba cha mtihani.

6. Andika namba yako ya mtihani katika kila karatasi yako ya kujibia.

SEHEMU A, (Alama 15)

Jibu maswali yote katika sehemu hii.

1. Chagua herufi ya jibu sahihi katika vipengele (i) hadi (x), kisha andika herufi ya jibu hilo katika karatasi yako ya kujibia.

(i) Ni kanuni, sheria na taratibu zipi zinazozingatiwa na wazungumzaji wa lugha fulani?

A Mofimu, Neno, Kirai, Kishazi na Sentensi

B Herufi, Sauti, Mofimu,Silabi na neno.

C Sarufi Maana, Sarufi Miundo, Sarufi Maumbo na Sarufi Matamshi.

 Sarufi maana, Mofimu, Neno na Kirai

E Silabi, Neno, Kirai na Sentensi.

(ii)………………. Ni sauti zinazotamkwa mara moja na kwa pamoja kama fungu moja la sauti.

 A Sauti B Herufi

 C irabu D  Silabi

 E Konsonanti

(iii)  Zipi ni nyenzo za lugha yoyote duniani?

A Sarufi na Fasihi B Irabu na Konsonanti

C Sarufi, Irabu na KonsonantiD Fasihi, Irabu na Konsonanti

E Sarufi, Fasihi, Irabu na Konsonanti

(iv) Mpangilio sahihi wa ngeli za kisintaksia ni upi?






(v)  Ni upi mpangilio sahihi wa mjengo wa Tungo?

A Kirai, Neno, Sentensi na Kishazi

B Neno, Kirai, Kishazi na Sentensi

 Kishazi, Kirai, Sentensi na Neno

E Sentensi, Neno. Kishazi na Kirai

(vi)  Ni lugha mseto ya muda inayozuka pindi makundi mawili yenye lugha mbili tofauti yakutanapo.

 Lugha ya vizalia B Pijini

C Kibantu D Kiswahili

E Kiunguja

(vii)Mambo muhimu yanayopatikana katika maana ya lugha ni kama yafuatayo, isipokuwa;

A Ni sauti za nasibu B Ni mfumo

C Lugha hufurahisha na kufundisha D Lugha inamuhusu binadamu

E Lugha ni chombo cha mawasiliano

(viii)  Ni sentensi ipi sio sentensi huru?

A Juma anacheza mpira B Anaimba vizuri

C Mtoto aliyepotea jana amepatikana. D Asha ni mtoto mzuri

EYule alikuwa anataka kucheza mpira.

(ix)  ……………. Ni kipashio kidogo kabisa cha lugha chenye maana. Maana hiyo yaweza kuwa ya kisarufi au kileksika;

 Isimu B Shina

C Mzizi D Kiimbo

E Mofimu

(x) Ni seti ipi inawakilisha kikamilifu wahusika wa fasihi simulizi?

A Vitu, mahali, wanyama, binadamu, fanani na maleba.

B Hadhira, wanyama, maleba, binadamu na fanani.

C Fanani, vitu, mahali, binadamu, maleba na wanyama.

 Wanyama, manju, binadamu, vitu, mahali na maleba

E Hadhira, binadamu, wanyama, vitu, mahali na fanani.

2. Oanisha maelezo yaliyo katika orodha ‘’A’’ ambayo ni aina ya tungo na orodha ‘’B’’ ambazo ni aina za maneno yanayounda tungo hizo kwa kuandika herufi ya jibu sahihi katika karatasi yako ya kujibia.



i.Wale waliamini maneno yangu

 ii. Salama alikuwa mwanafunzi wangu

 iii. Walikuwa wanataka kwenda kulima

 iv.Alikuwa anajisomea darasani polepole

 v. Loo! Yule anapenda ugomvi

A. N + t +N +V

B. H + w +T + N

C. W + T + N + V

D. Ts + T + E +E

E. Ts + Ts + Ts + T

F. N + V + t +E

G. N + U+ N+ T

SEHEMU B (Alama 40)

Jibu maswaliyote katika sehemu hii

3.Tunga sentensi moja kwa kila alama kuonesha matumizi ya alama zifuatazo.F4

i. Mkato

ii. Mabano

iii. Alama za mtajo

iv. Nukta pacha

4.Andika maana ya methali zifuatazo;

  1. Kikulacho ki nguoni mwako.
  2. Mtaka cha uvunguni sharti ainame.
  3. Mchumia juani hulia kivulini.

5.(a) Tenga kiima na kiarifu katika sentensi zifuatazo. Tumia alama ya mkwaju (/) na kuweka herufi “K” juu ya kiima na herufi “A” juu ya kiarifu.

i. Mdogo wangu anaongea sana

ii. Yule kijana aliyekuja hapa juzi amefariki dunia

iii. Frank ni kijana mpole sana

iv. Mama amelala sakafuni

(b) Changanua sentensi zifuatazo kwa njia yamatawi kwa kutumia mkabala wa kimapokeo

i. Fisi mkubwa ameuawa kichakani jana alfajiri.

ii. Mtoto aliyekuwa anacheza uwanjani amevunjika mguu.

6.(a) Kwa kutumia mifano miwili kwa kila kipengele, fafanua kwa ufupi jinsi vipengele vifuatavyo vinavyoonesha kuwa vitenzi vya Kiswahili na lugha za kibantu vina asili moja.

  1. Mpangilio wa viambishi katika vitenzi
  2. Kiambishi tamati katika vitenzi

b) Eleza kwa ufupi juu ya nadharia zifuatazo kwa jinsi zinavyoelezea asili ya Kiswahili

a)Kiswahili ni pijini au krioli

b)Kiswahili ni kiarabu

7. Kwa kutumia mifano, fafanua dhana zifuatazo kama zinavyotumika katika fasihi






8. Soma kifungu cha habari kifuatacho, kisha jibu maswali yanayofuata;

Wanangu, toka zamani bara letu la Afrika lilikuwa na mambo yaliyohitilafiana na haya tunayoyaona sasa. Hadithi, vitimbi, na visa vilivyotokea zamani katika bara letu vinatofautiana sana na mabara yoyote mengine. Vyetu ni vitamu na bora kuliko vyote vile vilivyotokea katika mabara hayo.

Miujiza ya mambo yaliyotokea ina mizizi ambayo viini vyake hubenua waziwazi mila na desturi za asili tangu zamani, hivyo, hadithi hizo zina tija ya makumbusho ya daima milele. Kwa hiyo, katika hali yoyote yatupasa kuhifadhi hazina za mila zetu. Mila zetu zidumishwe; kwa mfano watu kuzunguka moto huku kizee kikongwe au ajuza akisimulia hadithi za mambo ya kale liwe ni jambo la kawaida kabisa. Katika dunia ya leo simulizi hizo za ujasirina uzalendo zimeenea kutoka vizazi hadi vizazi. Mambo mengi yamebadilika kutoka mitindo aina aina, hivyo mabadiliko hayo yasitufanye sisi kusahau simulizi zetu katika mitindo yetu. Ni wajibu utupasao kuendeleza tabia hizi ili tubenue mbinu za masimulizi hata kwa vitabu.


  1. Pendekeza kichwa cha habari hii kisichozidi maneno matatu.
  2. Bara la Afrika lina mambo gani mawili mazuri.
  3. Mwandishi anatuhimiza tudumishe mila ipi?
  4. Fupisha habari uliyosoma kwa maneno yasiyopungua 50 na yasiyozidi 60.

SEHEMU C (Alama 45)

Jibu maswali matatu(3) kutoka katika sehemu hii.

9.Wewe kama afisa Manunuzi wa kiwanda cha mbao cha Mshikamao S. L. P 100 Chamwino, andika barua kwa mfanyabiashara yeyote mashuhuri wilayani kwenu kuhusu agizo la vifaa vifuatavyo; Misumeno 5, gundi ya mbao lita 20, misumari ya nchi sita Kg 25, na kofia ngumu 40. Jina lako liwe Shukrani Kazamoyo.

10. Kwa kutumia diwani mbili ulizosoma, eleza jinsi taswira tatu kutoka kila diwani zilivyotumiwa na msanii kuwasilisha ujumbe kwa jamii.

11. “Kazi ya fasihi ina radha kwa sababu inamzungumzia pia mwanamke kwa namna tofautitofauti” Thibitisha kauli hii kwa kutoa hoja tatu kwa kila kitabu katika riwaya mbili ulizosoma.

12. Chagua wahusika wawili katika tamthiliya teule mbili ulizosoma na uoneshe ujumbe unaowasilishwa na waandishi kupitia matendo yao.



Wasakatonge ---------------------------- M. S Khatibu (DUP)

Malenga wapya-------------------------- TAKILUKI (DUPU)

Mashairi ya Chekacheka---------------- T. A. Mvungi (EPdD.LTD)


Takadini ----------------------------------- Ben J. Hanson (MBS)

Watoto wa Mama Ntilie ----------------- E. Mbogo (H.P)

Joka la Mdimu ---------------------------- A. J. Safari ( H.P)


Orodha ------------------------------------ Steve Reynolds ( M. A)

Ngoswe Penzi Kitovu cha Uzembe ----- E. Semzaba (ESC)

Kilio Chetu --------------------------------- Medical Aid Foundation (TPH)








  1. This paper consists of two (2) questions. Answer all the questions.
  2. Each question carries twenty five (25) marks.
  3. Qualitative Analysis Guide Sheet authorized by NECTA and non – programmable calculators may be used.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)
  6. Where necessary the following constants may be used:

(i)Acceleration due to gravity, g = 10m/s2.

(ii)Density of water = 1.0g/cm3.

(iii)Pie,  = 3.14.

(iv)Coefficient of linear expansivity of the brick = 1.2  10-5 K-1.

(v)Speed of light in air = 3  108 m/s.

(vi)Speed of sound in air = 340 m/s

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) – (x) choose correct answer from among the given alternatives and write 

its letter beside the item number;

(i) The direction of the heat flow between two bodies is determined by; 

  1. The direction of the wind
  2. The mass of the body
  3. The temperature difference of the two bodies
  4. The coefficiency of cubical
  5. Expensivity

(ii) A rectangular wooden block of density 0.8g/cm3 has dimensions 0.5m x 0.8m x 6m. Whatmaximum pressure will it exert on the ground? 

  1. 48000N/m2     B. 4000N/m2     C. 2.4N/m    D. 19200N/m    E. 400N/m2

(iii) Racing cars rarely get accidents despite their high speed because they; 

  1. Have greater momentum
  2. have big tyres with big treads
  3. Have wide bases and low centre of gravity
  4. exert greater frictional force
  5. have less mass

(iv) When a bus starts or stops moving, passengers tend to be jerked forward or backwards. This is due to; 

  1. Newtons 1st law motion
  2. Newtons 2nd law of motion
  3. Newton 3rd law of motion
  4. Newton universal law of gravitation

(v) In a uniform rod 1.0m long of mass 100g is supported horizontally on two knife edges placed 10.0cm from its ends, the reaction at the support when a 150g mass is placed at the midpoint of rod will be; 

A. 250GB. 125NC. 1.25ND. 125KN 

(vi) The SI unit of momentum is; 

  1. Ns    B. Kgm51     C. KG/m    D. Js

(vii) The area under a speed against time graph represents; 

  1. Displacement    B. Velocity    C. Distance    D. Acceleration

(viii) If the refractive index of water is 4/3, then the critical angle of water – interface is; 

  1. 48°35    B. 45°   C. 42°     D. 36°51

(ix) In concave lens parallel rays are;

  1. Converged
  2. Diverged
  3. Brought to focus at the centre of curvature
  4. transmitted parallel

(x) If a bottle capable of holding 200g of a liquid of density, 800kg/m3 is allowed to hold 160g of 

sand of density 3200kg/mthen the mass of water needed to fill the bottle is; 

  1. 200g       B. 40g     C. 90g    D. 150g

2. Match the items in LIST A with responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct responses.



(i)Surface tension effect 

(ii)Maximum displacement of pendulum bob. 

(iii)Cooling by evaporation 



  1. Rate of charge of momentum
  2. A morning star
  3. Action equals reaction
  4. The moon is the umbra of the shadow s of the earth.
  5. Thermodynamic temperature
  6. Floating without wetting
  7. Frequency of oscillation
  8. Amplitude
  9. Dogs hands out their tongues during hot weather
  10. Detect radiant energy
  11. Solid material strongly affected by magnetism
  12. Refractive index
  13. Bar magnet

SECTION B (60 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. (a) State the law of floatation 

(b) A piece of a cork with volume 100cm3 is floating on water. If the density of cork is 0.25g/cm3,

(i) Calculate the volume of cork immersed in the water;

(ii) Calculate the force needed to immerse the cork completely (Assume mass of 1g = 0.01N). 

4. (a) Define energy 

(b) A ball of mass 0.2kg is dropped from a height 20M. On impact with the ground it loses 30J of 

energy. Calculate the height it reaches on the rebound. 

5. (a) What is meant by the terms;

(i) Heat capacity 

(ii) Specific heat capacity 

(b) Explain very briefly how heat losses have been presented in the vacuum flask.

6. (a) State the principle of moments

(b) A heavy mental boom AB of mass 25kg is supported at its ends. The beam carries a mass of 150kg 

of a distance of 0.75m from end A. If the beam is 2m long, determine the thrust at support A and B. 

7.(a) Define the following terms related to friction;

(i) Limiting friction 

(ii) Normal reaction

(b) What is the normal reaction of body of mass 10kg placed on an inclined place of angle 30°

8. (a) Why a bubble of air increases in volume as it rises from the bottom of a pond of water to the surface? Briefly explain.

(b) A half meter rule AB is freely pivoted at 18 cm from end A and balances horizontally when a body of mass 35g is hung 48 cm from end B. Calculate the mass of the rule.

SECTION C (25 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

9. (a) Electrical energy is distributed in all parts of Tanzania by the National grid system which transmits alternating current at a very high voltage. Explain why is it necessary to have a very high voltage?

(b) A generator producing a varying current from 0 to 10 A was allowed to flow in a coil of magnetic field. After a time interval the current was observed to be 4 A. Describe how back e.m.f. was induced in a self – induction.

  1. (a) Mention any two differences between boiling and evaporation

(b) Calculate the quantity of heat required to melt 4kg of ice and to raise the temperature of water formed to 100°C

  1. (a) (i) State Boyle’s law and Charles’ law

(ii) Write down the ideals gas equation

(iii) What does the term STD means?

(b) At a temperature of 50°C and a pressure of 74cm Hg the volume of a gas is 300cm3. Calculate the volume of the gas at STP.



NAME………………………………………..CLASS……………………………TIME: 3HRS


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of fourteen (14) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and one (1) question from section C.
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)
  5. The following constants may be used;

H = 1, C = 12, N = 14, O = 16, Na = 23, Pb = 207 

Al = 27, Cu = 64, Ca = 40, Cl = 35.5, Mg = 24. 

Avogadros number = 6.02 x 1023

GMU at stp = 22.4dm

Faradays constant = 96500C 

Standard pressure = 760 mm Hg 

Standard temperature = 273K. 

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

  1. From each of item (i) – (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.
  1. How many moles of sodium carbonate are present in 200cm3 of a 2M solution of the salt?
  1. 0.4 Mol      B. 0.01 Mol    C. 0.5 Mol     D. 10 Mol
  1. The chemical properties of an element is determined by;
  1. Mass number
  2. Mass spectrometer
  3. Number of neutrons
  4. Number and arrangement of electrons
  1. A solution can be define as a;
  1. Uniform mixture of two substance
  2. Heterogenous mixture of solute and solvent
  3. Homogenous mixture of solute and solvent
  4. Uniform mixture of two insoluble substance.
  1. An ion of element Y has 2:8: 8++ as its electronic configuration. The number of proton is the atom of y is;
  1. 18    B. 16    C. 40    D. 20
  1. Which of the following chemical can be used to prepare oxygen without applying heat?
  1. Hydrogen peroxide
  2. Potassium chlorate
  3. magnesium oxide
  4. Zinc carbonate
  1. Calcium and magnesium are members of  group of element in the periodic table called;
  1. Alkali earth metals
  2. Alkali metals
  3. Transition metals
  4. Amphoteric metals
  1. In the electrolysis of CUSO4 the weight of copper plate out of the cathode by a current of 0.70 Amps flowing for 10 minutes is;
  1. 0.139gm     B. 10.48gm    C. 14.48gm    D. 1.148gm
  1. In the reaction;

2FeCl2 +     Cl2                          2FeCl3

Chlorine may be regarded as; 

  1. A reducing agent
  2. An oxidizing agent
  3. A catalyst
  4. Halogens
  1. When 0.125 Faraday of electrolysis are passed through a copper (II) Sulphate soln. The mass of copper deposited will be;
  1. 4g    B. 8g     C. 64g    D. 32g
  1. The percentage of water of crystallization in MgSO4.7H20 is;
  1. 53.4%      B. 51.2%    C. 49.2%    D. 47.3%
  1. Match the item in list A with their responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response against the item number;



  1. A homogeneous mixture of two or more substance.
  1. Is a liquid metal.
  1. Ionization energy
  1. Is a method of extracting oil from nuts.
  1. Simplest formula
  1. Antibiotic solution
  2. Existence of element in different physical form of the same state.
  3. A group of atoms acting as a single substance.
  4. Have both acidic and basic properties.
  5. Shows different colours in acidic and alkaline medium.
  6. The energy required to remove and electron from the influence of the nucleus of the atom.
  7. Bonding
  8. Solution
  9. Suspension
  10. Mercury
  11. Copper
  12. Solvent extraction
  13. Empirical formula
  14. Molecular formula

SECTION B (70 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

  1. (a) Differentiate between;
  1. Atomic number and Atomic mass
  2. Distillation and sublimation

(b) Define the following terms;

  1. Molar solution
  2. Ion
  3. Molar mass
  4. Neutralization
  1. (a) How many electrons will be needed to discharge 0.135g Aluminium?

(b) A solution of acetic acid (CH3COOH) was made by dissolving 3.00g of the acid in 0.5 

dm3 of solution. Upon titration 12.00cm3 of this solution required 25.00cm3 of 

sodium hydrogen carbonate for complete neutralization. Calculate the molarity of the 

bicarbonate (NaHCO3).

The ratio of the reacting moles is 1:1.

  1. (a) Give the name of substance or apparatus which fits the following descriptions;
  1. It is used for measuring fixed volume of liquid
  2. It is used for holding and keeping apparatus up right.
  3. It is used as a drying agent.

(b)Write down three differences between potassium ions and potassium atom. 

  1. Carefully study the electronic configuration of the following element;
  1. : 2 : 4     B. : 2 : 7    C. : 2 : 8     D. : 2 : 8 : 2  

E. 2 : 8 : 8 : 2F = 2 : 8 : 6 

(a)Which of the above elements would you expect to be; 

  1. Metallic
  2. Non metallic
  3. Inert gases

(b)What would you expect to be the formula of the compound formed in each of the following pairs; 

  1. A with B
  2. B with E
  3. D with F

(c)Deduce the period and group in the periodic table of; 

(i)E(ii) F 

(d)Write down a balanced chemical equation showing what would happen if an oxide of element E was treated with dilute hydrochloric acid. 

  1. (a) Differentiate between water treatment and water purification.

(b) Mention three methods of purifying domestic water. 

(c) What causes the following; 

i. Temporary hardness in water 

ii. Permanent hardness in water 

(d) i. With the aid of chemical equations explain why it is possible to soften temporary 

hardness by boiling.

ii. Mention one advantages of using hard water. 

  1. (a) State Faraday laws of electrolysis.

(b) An element Z has a relative atomic mass of 88. When a current of 0.5 amperes was 

passed through fused chloride of Z for 32 minutes and 10 seconds 0.44 of Z were 

deposited at the cathode; 

  1. Calculate the number of Faradays needed to liberate one mole of Z.
  2. Write the formula of the  Z ions
  3. Write the formula of hydroxide of Z. 
  1. (a) What is the meaning of the following terms;
  1. Exothermic reactions
  2. Endothermic reactions

(b) Draw the energy – level diagram for exothermic reactions and Endothermic reactions. 

(c) Name four (4) characteristics of good fuel. 

  1. 20cm3 of solution containing 7g/dm3 of metal hydroxide XOH, were exactly neutralized by 25cm3 of 25 cm3 of 0.10M hydrochloric acid.

(a)Write a balanced chemical equation for neutralization of metal hydroxide XOH.

(b) Calculate the concentration of metal XOH in mole per dm3

(c)i. Calculate molar mass of XOH 

ii. Identify element X. 

  1. (a) i. List down three (3) factors affecting the selection of ion discharge at the electrode.

ii. Define the term electrolyte. 

(b) A bluish copper sulphate aqueous solution was electrolysed by using copper 


  1. Write ionic chemical equations for the reactions which occurred at the cathode and anode.
  2. Explain what will happen to blue colour of copper sulphate solution as electrolysis continues.

(a) Define and point of titration

(b) What colour change indicate end point in the titration of a base against an acid on using (i) Methyl orange?(ii) Phenolphthalein?

(c) A teacher of chemistry provided his F3 students with the following:

AA – A solution of 0.12 0M HCl 

BB – A solution of hydrated sodium carbonate, Na2CO3 containing 14.30g/dm3. On titration by using a 20cm3 pipette one of the best student obtained the following readings from a standard burette 

Burette readings






Final volume (cm3)






Initial volume (cm3)






Volumeused (cm3)

(i)Suggest the colour change at the end point 

(ii)Suggest the indicator used by the student in the titration

(iii)Complete the table above

(iv)Calculate the average volume used for complete neutralization of the base by acid

(v)Find the value of X in the formula Na2CO3X H2O

12.(a) State three main physical properties of water and show the usefulness of each property.

(b)State three industrial application of electrolysis.

SECTION C (15 Marks)

Answer one (1) question from this section.

12. Explain how to handle chemicals having the warning signs of flammable, corrosive, harmful, explosive and toxic in the laboratory.

13. Explain six measures for minimizing the environmental degradation caused by extraction of metals in Tanzania.



NAME………………………………………..CLASS……………………………TIME: 3HRS


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C
  2. Answer all questions
  3. All answers must be written in the spaces provided
  4. All writings should be in blue/black inks except for drawings that should be in pencils

SECTION A (15 Marks) 

Answer all questions in this section

  1. Multiple choice questions. Choose the best answer in each case and write down its letter beside the question.
  1. The rate of photosynthesis is greatly influenced by the following factors except;
  1. Temperature
  2. Water
  3. Soil fertility
  4. Carbondioxide
  5. Light intensity
  1. How many gametes are produced from one cell during meiosis;
  1. Two    B. Four   C. Six   D. Eight    D. Ten
  1. Which of the following is not an excretory product in plants;
  1. Tannis
  2. Carbondioxide
  3. Urea
  4. Calcium oxalate
  5. Latex
  1. Which of the following organism belong to phylum protozoa;
  1. Mushroom
  2. Spirogyra
  3. Funaria
  4. Tick
  5. Amoeba
  1. One of the following is not part of the reproduction system of a female mammals;
  1. Uterus
  2. Urethra
  3. Oviduct
  4. Vagina
  5. Ovary
  1. Which of the following is the most important basic difference between plants and animals;
  1. Growth
  2. Locomotion
  3. Nutrition
  4. Irritability
  5. Excretion
  1. The part of a brain responsible for reasoning and imagination is known as;
  1. Spinal cord
  2. Medulla Oblongata
  3. Cerebrum
  4. Cerebellum
  5. Brain chamber
  1. By which process does Carbondioxide pass from the blood to alveoli of the lungs;
  1. Osmosis
  2. Oxidation
  3. Transpiration
  4. Diffusion
  5. Respiration
  1. In which category malpighian layer of mammalian skin is placed?
  1. Tissue
  2. Organ
  3. Cell
  4. System
  5. Organism
  1. A group of animals that maintain the body temperature at more or less constant is;
  1. Regulators
  2. Cold blood animals
  3. Warm blood animals
  4. Poikilotherm
  5. Homoeotherms
  1. Matching item questions. Match the items in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct responses beside the item number.



  1. The layer of cells sensitive to light.
  2. Lack of light intensity cells.
  3. Cells sensitive to light of low intensity.
  4. Cells sensitive to coloured light intensity.
  5. Control the intensity of light entering the eye.
  1. Aqueous humour
  2. Cornea
  3. Iris
  4. Eyebrow
  5. Retina
  6. Rods
  7. Blind spots
  8. Cones
  9. Eyelash
  10. Choroids
  11. Ciliary body
  12. Diverging lens
  13. Fovea
  14. Pupil
  15. Eyelids


Answer ALL questions in this section

  1. (a) Define each of the following;
  1. First Aid
  2. Recycling
  3. Waste

(b) What is the most productive way of recycling garden and kitchen organic matter? 

(c) Give two (2) important of First Aid. 

  1. (a) i.  What is a reflex action

ii.Give four examples of reflex actions. 

iii. Explain the importance of reflex actions to animals. 

(b) i.State two difference between nervous control and hormonal control. 

ii. State the components of the central nervous system. 

  1. (a) Explain the meaning of the following terms;
  1. Transportation of materials
  2. Mass flow

(b) Explain what would happen when a plant cell is placed in hypertonic solution. 

  1. (a) i. The kingdom plantae is divided into different divisions. Mention them.

ii. Give one examples of the plants which are found in each division. 

(b) i. Identify structures found in plant cell only. 

ii. Describe the functions of each structure identified in (b) (i) above. 

  1. Study the diagram below which shows a part of the human uniferous tubule then answer the questions that follow;


(a)i. Name the parts labeled A, B and D. 

ii. What is the name given to fluid labelled C? 

  1. Name two (2) components of blood that will not diffuse into the part labeled C.
  2. Name a nitrogenous waste which is present in urine but absent in the part labelled B.

(b)List the process involved in urine formation. 

  1. (a) State three factors affecting gaseous exchange in animals.

(b) Why tadpoles dies when taken out of water to the land. 

  1. (a) i. Identify two common features present in a villus and alveolus.

ii. Mention the roles played by the villus and alveolus respectively. 

(b) What are the respiratory surfaces for each of the following organisms?

i. Amoeba

ii. Fish

iii. Grasshopper

iv. Rose plant 

  1. (a) Define the following terms as used in reproduction;
  1. Fertilization 
  2. Ovulation

(b) Name and explain how two types of twins occur. 

11.(a) Explain the meaning of the following ecological terms;

(i)Food chain(ii) Trophic level 

(b) GrassMouseSnakeHawkBacteria 

From the above chain identify the organ which is;

(i)A primary producer 

(ii)A tertiary consumer 



(v)What is a role of bacteria in the chain above 

12. (i) What is classification?

(ii) State three distinctive features of the kingdom plantae 

(iii) What is meant by the term “Sporophyte”. 

(iv) With one example each list six phylum belong to the kingdom protoctista. 


Answer ONLY ONE (1) questions from this section.

14. Write an essay on pollination in plants under the following headings; 

(a)Meaning of pollination 

(b)Types of pollination 

(c)Agent of pollination 

(d)Characteristics of wind pollinated (4 point) and insect pollinated flowers (4 points). 

15. Discuss the economic importance of fungi. Give examples where necessary. 







TIME: 2:30 HRS


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of twelve (12) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from sections C.
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1.For each of the items(i)-(x),choose the most correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside item number in the answer sheet provided.

(i)I don't knowwhere___________

  1. had the boy gone
  2. The boys have gone
  3. Have the boys gone 
  4. Do the boys go
  5. Did the boys go

(ii)Your work is_________ than it was amonth ago.

  1. worse
  2. bad
  3. Worst
  4. the worst
  5. Worser

(iii)I noticed this morning that some new houses________ on the land next to uncle's house

  1. building
  2. being build
  3. are being built 
  4. are building 
  5. have built

(iv)Two men_______ for a bus were knocked down when the lorrys kidded and ran off

  1. had  waited
  2. were waiting
  3. waited  
  4. waiting 
  5. wait

(v) Each of them hasbrought________ best friend

  1. his
  2. their
  3. his or her
  4. her
  5. one's

(vi)Where is Mr._______ wife staying?

  1. Juma's 
  2. Jumas'
  3. Jumas's
  4. Jumas
  5. Juma

(vii)After he_______ his goods, he paid for them

  1. has collected 
  2. had collected
  3. have collected 
  4. was collected
  5. having collected

(viii) He was accused________ stealing money

  1. for
  2. of
  3. about
  4. on
  5. with

(ix)Thesun________ in the East

  1. rise 
  2. is rising
  3. rose
  4. rises 
  5. has risen

(x)Diana_______ the school compound everyday

  1. Clean
  2. is cleaning
  3. cleaned
  4. has cleaned
  5.  cleans

2.Match the description of places in List A with the correct place names in List B by writing its letter beside the corresponding item number in the answer booklet provided.



  1. A place where books for reading are kept in school.
  2. A place where wild animals are kept.
  3. A place where people go for treatment.
  4. A place where you can buy and sale food staffs. 
  5. A place where artistic objects, cultural, historical things are kept.
  1. Home 
  2. Library
  3. Market
  4. Hospital
  5. Museum 
  6. School
  7. zoo

SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3.Write an appropriate question tag for each of the following statements:

  1. You dont expect father to believe that.
  2. He is counting books in the shelf.
  3. You are doing an English Language examination. 
  4. Madam Laura has not been kind.

4.Suppose you are sent to a shop to buy some food stuff. How would you communicate with the shopkeeper using the given question guides in (a-d)?

  1. How would you start the conversation?
  2. How would you ask for the item you want to buy?
  3. How would you ask for the price?
  4. How would you ask for the quantity of the item you want?

5. I. Study Lina’s time-table below and compose four grammatically correct sentences.



wake up

5:00 am

take a bath

6:00 am

go to school

7:00 am

do school activities

8:00am - 12:00pm

return back home

1:30 pm

For example: Lina wakes up at 5.00am.

(a) _____________________

(b) _____________________



II. Match each expression in List A with the word in ListB by writing the correct letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided. Use the following format for your answers.










(i) The sone of your brother or sister.

(ii) The child of your daughter or son.

(iii) The child of your aunt or uncle.

(iv) A brother or sister.

(v) The brother of your father or mother.

  1. sibling 
  2. uncle 
  3. nephew 
  4. grandchild 
  5. cousin
  6. grandfather
  7. niece
  8. brother in law

6.Special names are given to groups of things. Use the words below, to show a special name given to each group: stationery, furniture, birds, subjects, animals, trees, readings,colours, food, fruits, courses

(a) green, red, blue, yellow

(b) pawpaw, orange, pineaple, apple

(c) chair, desk, table, stool

(d) cat, dog, rat, cow

(e) history, geography, civics, kisvvahili (0 pens, rulers, envelopes, paper

(g) novels, plays, short stories, poems

(h) education, political science, law, engineering

7.Write the word which is not part of the list of words provided below.

(a) Plate, Spoon, Cup, Knife, Pan, Block

(b) Milk, Cassava, Rice, Maize, Potatoes, Yams

(c) Mini skirt, Shoes, Shirt, Trousers, Shorts, T-shirt

(d)Tanzanian, Botswana, Greek, France, Togolese, Swazi

(e) Airtel, Vodacom, Tigo, Zantel, TTCL,TBC

(f) Chair, Table, Stool, Bed, Sheet, Cupboard

(g) Fanta, Pepsi, Sprite, Coca-Cola, Mirinda, Cheniicola

(h) Moshi, Dodoma, Mbeya, Arusha, Morogoro, Tanga

8.Read the passage below carefully then answer the questions that follow.

English Language seems to be a problem to both teachers and students in Tanzania although it is an official language. It is taught as a subject in primary schools and is used as the medium of instruction from secondary schools to higher education levels.

In recent years, the language has been a barrier in academic performance among many students. It acts as an obstacle to some of the students toward learning new concepts intended since they fail to understand what is taught in the classroom by using English Language. As a result they finish a certain level of education without having the required skills and competences.

Some measures should be taken in order to solve the existing problem. It is suggested that Kiswahili should be used as a medium of instruction in all levels of education because it is the National language and it is well understood by Tanzanians as compared to English Language. It has been proven through various researches that, people understand better when they learn in the language they know.

There are some prevailing wrong perceptions that, Kiswahili has limited vocabularies and it is not self-sufficient when it comes to scientific and technological issues. This is a very wrong perception since any language in the universe has ability to borrow and incorporate words from other languages. However, there is no language which is self sufficient by itself.


(a) Suggest the suitable title for the passage with about four to ten words.

(b) How could the problem of language of instruction be solved in Tanzania? Explain one means.

(c) Why has English Language been a problem in Tanzania? Give one reason.

(d) In your opinion, which language between Kiswahili and English should be used as a medium of instruction in all levels of education in Tanzania? Limit your response to one point.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

9. Imagine that you are in a debate club, argue for the topic "Trafficking of girls from rural to urban areas to be employed as house girls (housemaids) should be stopped" in not less than 250 words.

10.Read the following poem carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Hallow heads torture me with ignorance,

Blind eyes harass me .with darkness,Deaf ears tire me with silence,

Dumb voices deafen me with gibberish,

Black minds confuse me with emptiness

And, above all,

There is power and command.

With wits and ears and eyes,

I have speech and strong mind,

But I remain weak and powerless.

They fight me they kill me.

It is a fight to bring me down to silence, To darkness and gibberish, to ignorance. And through brainwashing, to emptiness.

All right, my friends,

It's a battle and I will fight it

Ears and wits and eyes and speech,And strong conscience:

These are my weapons.

And I fight to the last cell.


(a) What is the poem about?

(b) Mention the number of stanzas and number of verses in each stanza.

(c) Does the persona fear his enemy?

(d) Mention two possible themes in this poem.

(e) Comment on the language used in this poem.

(f) Who is the persona in this poem?

(g) Is the poem relevant to your society?

(h) What is the mood of a persona?

(i) What type of poem is this?

(j) What do we learn from the poem?



  • A Wreath for Fr. Mayer  - S. N. Ndunguru (1977), Mkuki na Nyota
  • Unanswered Cries Osman Conteh, Macmillan
  • Passed Like a Shadow - B. M. Mapalala (2006), DUP
  • Spared S. N. Ndunguru (2004), Mkuki na Nyota
  • Weep Not Child - Ngugi wa Thiongo (1987) ; Heinemann
  • The Interview  -  P. Ngugi (2002), Macmillan


  • Three Suitors: One Husband - O. Mbia (1994), Eyre Methuen
  • The Lion and the Jewel W. Soyinka (1963), OUP
  • This Time Tomorrow-Ngugi wa Thiongo (1972), Heinemann
  • The Black Hermit - Ngugi wa Thiongo (1968), Heinemann


  • Songs of Lawino and Ocol  - O. PBitek (1979), EAPH
  • Growing up with Poetry - D. Rubadiri (ed) (1989), Heinemann
  • Summons - R. Mabala (1960), TPH

11. Using two plays you have studied in this section, discuss how some traditions, customs and beliefs contribute to misunderstandings and underdevelopment in a society. Give four points from each play.







TIME: 2:30 HRS


  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of nine (9) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4.  All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)What are the major types of oral traditions?

  1. Museums and archives
  2.  Poems and proverbs
  3. Historical sites and narration of events
  4.  Archaeology and museum
  5.  Cultural practices and narration of events

(ii)What was the most common method of farming in pre-colonial Africa?

  1. Mixed farming 
  2. Plantation agriculture 
  3. Shifting cultivation
  4. Slash and burn cultivation
  5. Permanent crop cultivation

(iii) Colonialism was established through

  1.  post-colonial political changes.
  2. Violence and coercion
  3. piracy and plundering.
  4. Revolution and violence
  5. waylaying and bogus treaties.

(iv)The law that demanded the Africans to carry a labour card "Kipande" aimed at ensuring that

  1. the European colony is exploited effectively.
  2. there is effective occupation of the colony.
  3. the Africans should be allowed to grow cash crops.
  4. the welfare of the Africans were taken care of.
  5. the white farmers got a cheap supply of labour.

(v) The social challenges facing people in Africa include

  1. political instability and tribalism.
  2.  tribalism and neo-colonialism.
  3.  colonialism and illiteracy.
  4.  illiteracy and diseases.
  5.  corruption and lack of rule of law.

(vi)The first creature to walk in an upright fashion was called

  1. Homo Erectus.
  2. Primates.
  3. Homo Sapiens. 
  4. Hominids.
  5. Homo Habilis. 

(vii)What was the achievement of man during the Middle Stone Age?

  1. Discovery of fire
  2. Development of bipedalism
  3.  Domestication of animals 
  4. Making and using pebble tools
  5. Discovery of iron

(viii)Which one among the following places did people paint and draw in the caves?

  1. Sofala
  2.  Karagwe
  3. Kondoa Irangi
  4. Tabora
  5. Bagamoyo 

(ix)Who was the greatest ruler of Mali.

  1. Askia Mohamed
  2. Mansa Kankan Musa
  3. Osei Tutu  
  4. Uthman dan Fodio
  5. Suni Ali

(x) Which one of the following was the immediate consequence of the development of Triangular trade?

  1. Decolonization of African countries
  2. Disruption of trans-Saharan trade
  3. Scramble and partition of Africa
  4. Adaptation of the Open Door Policy
  5. Implementation of indirect rule policy

(xi) The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were

  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya 
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.

(xii)Who convened the conference which legalized the colonization of Africa?

  1. David Livingstone.
  2. Carl Peters.
  3. Otto Von Bismarck.
  4. Charles Darwin.
  5. Adolf Hitler.

(xiii)Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because

  1. the colonialists were interested in obtaining raw materials
  2. the colonialists stressed on the provision of social services
  3. the climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.

(xiv) The first European nation to industrialize was

  1.  Germany 
  2.  Britain 
  3.  France 
  4.  Belgium 
  5.  Holland.

(xv) The core ideas of the French Revolution were

  1.  slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialism
  2.  markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  3.  communalism, slavery and feudalism
  4.  fraternity, liberty and equality
  5.  scramble, partition and bogus treaties.

(xvi) The economic system of goods and services which comprised activities such as trade, manufacturing, agriculture and mining during the colonial era is called

  1.  Neo-colonialism 
  2.  Trusteeship 
  3.  Nationalism 
  4.  Bureaucracy 
  5.  Colonial economy.

(xvii) The family from which man evolved is known as

  1.  Zinjanthropus
  2.  Homo Habilis
  3.  Primates
  4.  Homo Sapiens
  5.  Homo Erectus.

(xviii) Which one among the following factors contributed to the rise of states in Africa?

  1.  Low level of productive forces.
  2.  Presence of chartered companies.
  3.  Hunting and gathering activities.
  4.  Absence of classes among the people.
  5.  Availability of iron technology.

(xix) Which one of the following best explains the reason which made Mozambique to use force during her struggle for independence?

  1. A It was a mandated territory.
  2.  It was a trusteeship territory.
  3.  It adopted the Open Door Policy.
  4.  It was a settler colony.
  5.  It was under indirect rule policy.

(xx) The most crucial changes in the evolution of man were

  1.  bi-pedalism and development of the brain
  2. domestication of crops and animals
  3.  division of labour and expansion of agriculture
  4. establishment of settlements and domestication of crops
  5.  discovery of stone tools and fire.

2. Match the stems in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.



(i) A person who stated that man developed from an ape-like creature. 

(ii) A person who created the kingdom of Mwenemutapa.

(iii) A person who played a vital role in the mass killing of Jews in Europe.

(iv) A person who established a fascist ideology in Italy.

(v) A person who formed the Royal Niger Company which operated in West Africa.

  1. Adolf Hitler
  2. Fredrick Lugard
  3. Charles Darwin
  4. Mungo Park
  5. Idd Amin Dada
  6. Louis Leakey
  7. Yoweri Museveni
  8. Mutota
  9. King Leopold
  10. Lobengula
  11. Benito Mussolini
  12. Cecil Rhodes
  13. Keneth Kaunda
  14. David Livingstone
  15. George Goldie
  16. Robert Mugabe
  17. Nelson Mandela
  18. Fredrick Chiluba
  19. Migrant Labourer
  20. Secretary-General

3.Answer the following questions briefly:

(i)Mzee Juma is an illiterate man with 89 years of age. He narrates past political events to his grand child who is eighteen years old. Why such method used by Mzee Juma is considered as an unreliable source of historical information?

(ii)Why the Germany colonial agents would not forget the Hehe resistance?

(iii)How would you relate the French Assimilation policy and destruction of African culture?

(iv)How would you prove that colonial education was an agent of division and racism in colonial Africa?

(v)Why Adolf Hitler is blamed for the occurrence of the Second World War?

(vi)Why some historians consider Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck as the architect of the partition of the African continent?

4. (a) Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number in your answer booklet.

(i) Before 1800 AD, Africa and its interior were not known to the outside world.

(ii) Europeans took interest in Africa’s strategic areas with fertile land, minerals and navigable rivers.

(iii) The interior of Africa was exposed to the European world after the work of agents of colonialism.

(iv) By 1880s, many European nations rushed and grabbed parts of the African continent claiming they were their areas of influence.

(v) Reports of the existence of snow-capped mountains in the interior of Africa attracted great interest in the continent.

3. (a) Draw a sketch map of the new East Africa Community and locate by using roman numbers;

(i) The member state in which an identity card (Kipande) was given to the labourer during colonial economy era.

(ii) The headquarters of the committee which was responsible for coordinating the activities of national liberation movements for eradicating colonialism in Africa.

(iii) The country in which the 1994 genocide took place.

(iv) The country whose Common Man’s Charter intended to transform it into a socialist state.

(v) The Trusteeship colony under the British from 1945 to 1961.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

6.Explain six significance of studying History.

7.Critically examine six effects of the legitimate trade in West Africa.

8. Discuss the impact of the Dutch settlement at the Cape by giving six points.

9. Explain six prerequisites for state formation in pre-colonial Africa.









  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of fourteen (14) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries 15 marks, section B carries 40 marks and section C carries 45 marks.
  4.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section. 

l . For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)The Headmaster/mistress of your school is not satisfied with the academic performance of the school in the Form Four National Examinations. Which of the following type of life skills will you recommend to improve the academic performance of the school?

  1.  Teamwork       
  2. Negotiation skills
  3. Empathy                                           
  4. Forming friendship
  5. Peer pressure

(ii)Which of the following indicator would best guide you to determine a country practicing a dictatorial form of government?

  1.  Citizens electing their preferred political leaders and holding them accountable.
  2.  Citizens enjoying fair and equal treatment before the law.
  3.  Citizens punished for expressing personal views and opinions.
  4.  Citizens exercising freely personal religious beliefs and worship. 
  5. Citizens feeling their human dignity respected and safeguarded.

(iii) Monas husband died and her in laws forced Mona to marry Tulizo, her late husbands young brother. Such a family decision demonstrates.

  1.  gender blindness. 
  2. gender stereotyping. 
  3. gender equality. 
  4. gender mainstreaming. 
  5. gender discrimination.

(iv)Which of the following are major pillars of the State?

  1.  Executive, Armed Forces and Legislature
  2.  Executive, Legislature and Judiciary
  3.  The President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice
  4.   Executive, Armed Forces and Judiciary
  5.  The President, the Speaker and the Prime Minister

(v)A persons ability to appreciate himself or herself is known as

  1.  self-submissive.
  2. self-assertive. 
  3. self esteem. 
  4. self-awareness. 
  5.  self-aggressive.

(vi)Why most Tanzanians cannot access credit facilities offered by commercial banks in Tanzania?

  1.  They lack a culture of saving.
  2. They lack information on credit facilities.
  3. They lack education.
  4.  They lack insurance cover.
  5. They are discouraged by high interest rate.

(vii)Which of the following is NOT a correct characterization of the informal sector in Tanzania?

  1. lack of permanent business premises
  2. business activities are regulated by taxation laws
  3.  employees lack social security protection 
  4. employees have little job security 
  5. employees’ wages are often low.

(viii) In the United Republic of Tanzania, the Judiciary is headed by the

  1. Chief Justice
  2. Attorney General
  3. Director of Public Prosecution 
  4. Prime Minister
  5. Minister for Legal and Constitutional Affairs.

(ix)The right to voluntarily belong to any organization is known as

  1. freedom of expression 
  2. the right to life 
  3. freedom of association
  4. freedom of assembly
  5. right to equality.

(x) Social development refers to

  1.  improvement of peoples welfare in the society
  2.  improvement in relations among the people
  3.  improved women welfare in the society
  4.  high literacy rate in the society
  5.  peace and harmony in the society.

2.Match the items in List A with the correct response in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.



(i) A belief shared in a society on what is desirable, correct and good. 

(ii) It is used to represent and identify individuals, society or a country.

(iii) A set of rules which set standards for the accepted behaviours in a society.

(iv) Pattern of conduct shared by the people in a given community but always change with time.

(v) Practices that persisted in a society for a long time and do not change.

  1. Symbol
  2. Customs
  3. Values
  4. Material culture
  5. Arts
  6. Tradition
  7. Antiquities
  8. Myths
  9. Norms
  10. Taboos
  11. Museums
  12.  Archives

3. Read the following passage and then answerthe questions that follow.

Natural resources can be classified as non­renewable and renewable. Non­renewable or exhaustible resources such as fossil fuels, copper, and gold exist in fixed amount in various places in the earth crust. They can be used completely or economically depleted to the point where it costs too much to get what is left, when 80 percent of its total estimated supply has been removed and used.

A renewable resource is one that can theoretically last forever, because it is replaced through natural process. Examples are trees in the forest, grasses in grasslands, wild animals, fresh surface water in lakes and rivers, fresh air and fertile soils. The earth most valuable resources, is its diversity of potentially renewable forms of life. But over use can convert renewable resources to non­renewable by using them faster than they can be replenished.

Some non­renewable resources can be recycled or reused to extend supplies. Iron, aluminium, glass, for example, can be collected, remelted, reprocessed and made into new products. Also to avoid excessive use of resources, recycling of papers products needlessly burned or thrown away, reduce timber needs for the paper industry. Domestic refuse can be used to generate power particularly for local districts heating and lighting schemes, though care must be taken when incinerating to avoid air pollution problems.

Other non­renewable resources, such as fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas), cannot be recycled or reused. When burned, the high quality useful energy in these fuels is converted to low quality waste heat and exhausted gases that pollute the atmosphere.


(a) From the passage, identify two resources which can be replaced through the natural process.

(b) State three merits of recycling non­renewable resources.

(c) List down three environmental problems associated with burning of fossil fuels.

(d) Explain the condition under which renewable resources cannot be renewed.

(e) Suggest two measures to promote sustainable use of natural resources.

4.Briefly explain the importance of family stability by giving five points.

5.Outline five traditions and customs which affect the reproductive health of women in Tanzania.

6. Briefly explain the main five functions of the Central Bank of Tanzania (B.O.T)

7.List down five sources of the Central Government Revenue.

8.  Outline five merits of making responsible decision.

9. Briefly outline five responsibilities of a good citizen in Tanzania.

10. Outline five traditions and customs which affect the reproductive health of women in Tanzania.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

l l . In five points, analyze the benefits of having effective government for economic development.

12.To a great extent election in Tanzania is democratic, free and fair. Use six points to validate this statement.

13.Most members in your community are not aware on the causes of high incidences of road accidents. As a knowledgeable community member, briefly explain six causes of road accidents in Tanzania.

14. Examine the importance of life skills to the youth in Tanzania by giving six points.


Download Learning
Hub App

For Call,Sms&WhatsApp: 255769929722 / 255754805256