Activity 1: Speaking practice
(a) Recite the poem below and answer the questions that follow.
Laziness begins in the mind
Hopelessness and regret are the signs
Being poor is sometimes a choice
Poverty and laziness are identical twins
Nyerere believed work is dignity
For you to live the life of your dreams
Hard work is a must
Dignity and hard work are identical twins
Know who you want to be
Then work hard
To achieve the life you desire
Determination and hard work are identical twins
Answer the following Questions
Read the passage below and answer the questions that follow.
A friend indeed
Cobrawoke up late, for he had not slept early. Feeling hungry, he lookedaround and saw half a bottle of alcohol which he had left the night before. Hegrabbed it, took a sip, and staggered towards a tree. Sitting alone under thetree, he said to himself, "They say how you act defines your destiny. Surely,life is how you make it. Do I have to regret being an alcoholic? But why shouldI regret drinking alcohol? Drinking Makes me feel good and I forget all myproblems. Oh! No, there must be something wrong with me. Do I really wantto live like this?" Looking confused, he shouted, 'Can anyone answer thisquestion for me, please'?"
Suddenly, his friend, Eagle, arrived. "How are you, my friend?" Eagle greeted. In a very low voice, Cobra responded, "I'm fine." "Are you sure that you arefine? You don't look fine. What's wrong with you?" Eagle asked. Cobra replied,"l'm very hungry. I didn't eat anything last night. I drank a lot and used up all the moneyIhad." Eagle looked at him sadly and said, "My friend, youshould stop drinking alcohol, for drinking makes you poor and unhealthy." Cobra responded, "I don't want to be rich or healthy, soIfind no reason tostop drinking." Eagle was surprised at such a response. He felt pity for hispoor friend who had lost hope for a bright future. Eagle felt that his friendneeded his advice. So, he reminded him of the difficult times they had beenthrough together. The times that they used to sleep on empty stomachs. Cobraremembered this and wept bitterly but remained silent.
Eagle blamed his friend for his laziness and drunkenness. These caused him to live a miserable life. He advised Cobra to stop that behaviour so that hecould improve his life. He said,"Ibelieve that laziness and drunkenness aretwins, and they lead to poverty. The fear of poverty has made me dedicatemost of my time to farming."
He told his friend that he grew maize, beans and groundnuts on a fifteen-acrefarm, and that the harvest had improved yearly. Cobra admired his friend's success. So, he felt he needed to change his behaviour, which had been the cause for his miserable life. He asked, "What shouldIdo to improve my life?"
Eagle smiled and said, "Here is the answer. Take an axe and a hoe, and clearthe farm near your home. I will give you some seeds." Cobra nodded andsaid, "From today on, I will stop drinking alcohol and become a hardworkingperson." He vowed to work hard on his farm. The following morning, he took the axe and hoe and went to the farm. Cobra worked very hard and grew avariety of crops. After three years of hard work, he realized that success andhard work were identical twins.
(a) Write T if the statement is true and F if the statement is false
(b) Answer these questions,
Activity 4: Language Practice
(a) Read the words in the table below
Grab, stagger, destiny, miserable, vow
(b) Replace the bolded words with opposite of their meanings. Use the words above
Choose the letter of the correct answer to complete each of thefollowing sentences:
1. Cobra did not like to work,.............he lived a poor life.
2. Eagle did not want to live a miserable life, ...............he started working in the
3. Mwanamvua will not come to school today, .............she has a dental
4. They chose to be vegetarians,.............they want to be free from heart
5. We have an examination tomorrow,.............we must study hard tonight.
d) Replace the underlined words in each of the following sentences with soor for:
e) Fill in the blanks with fororso to complete the following sentences:
1. I prefer gas to charcoal,........gas is environmentally friendly.
2. She is very tired, ...... she went to a party last night
3. Cobra was hungry, ......he ate all the food
4. The tortoise cannot go fast, .....its legs are short.
5. We studied hard............we passed our examinations
Join the following pairs of sentences using so or for to form one sentence:Example Madoro went home. He wanted to rest.
Madoro went home, for he wanted to rest.