FORM TWO TERMINAL EXAMS SERIES

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

ENGLISH- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM TWO

TIME: 3HRS                                                           2020

NAME: _________________________________CLASS: ___________

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consist of section A,B,C and D
  • Answer all questions in all sections as instructed in each question
  • All writings must be in ink (blue/black) not pencil 
  • Write your name and class
  • Tidy and clean work is rewarded

SECTION A

COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY

1. Read the passage below carefully and then answer the question that follows.

 The East Africa Community (EAC) is an intergovernmental organization that is made up of five members countries Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda and Burundi. Those countries cover an area of about 1.8 million square kilometers and by 2005, the community had a population of about 100 million people.

 Cooperation in East Africa started many years ago. Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda in particular have had cooperation since the early 20th Century. For example, there was the customs union between Uganda and Kenya in 1917, where as, Tanganyika joined in 1927.

 The East African Community itself had a long history too. It was originally founded in 1967 but, it collapse in 1977, partly because of disagreements in the political philosophies of the three countries; dictatorship under Idi Amini Dada in Uganda, socialism in Tanzania and capitalism in Kenya. Later on, president Mwinyi of Tanzania, Daniel Arap Moi of Kenya and Yoel Museveni of Uganda signed the Treaty of East African Cooperation in Arusha Tanzania on 30th November 1993. They established a tripartite cooperation the cooperation embraced many areas including political social, cultural, research and technology, defence, security, legal and financial affairs. On 30th Nov. 1999, a treaty for the -re – establishment of the East African Community was signed and it came into force on 7th July 2000. Burundi and Rwanda joined the East African community in 2007.

 There are governance structures that serve the East African Community. The East African court of justice in the judicial arm of the community. The court oversees the interpretation and application of the 1999 Treaty that established the EAC. The legislation arm of the community is the East African legislative Assembly (EALA). The Assembly has 27 members countries. One of the functions of EALA is to debate and approve the budget of the community. Since inauguration, the EALA has had several sittings in Arusha, Nairobi and Kampala.

 Though faced with numerous challenges, the EAC has had some achievement and has outlined some future plans. One key achievement is the introduction of the East African passport which was launched on 1st April 1999. This passport was introduced in order to make border crossing for East African easier. It is available at the headqucters of the respective immigration departments in Dar es salaam, Nairobi and Kampala. Among EAC’S future plans is the introduction of a monetary union with a common currency, a common market and political union,

Questions

Choose the correct answer and write its letter in your answer booklet.

(i) Which of the following is a list of the member countries of the East African Community today?

  1. Burundi, Congo, Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda
  2. Kenya, Tanzania, Zambia, Uganda, and Burundi
  3. Uganda, Kenya, Burundi, Rwanda, and Malawi
  4. Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Rwanda and Burundi

 (ii) Why was the East African passport Introduced

  1. To easier border crossing for East Africans
  2. In order to help businessmen across the border
  3. So as to transport goods easier through the border
  4. To identify people who are out of the EAC at the border

 (iii) What is the synonym of the word re-establish?

  1. Rearrange
  2. Readjust
  3. Restore
  4. Resettle
  5. Relocate

 (iv)  Why was the East African Community Collapse in 1977?

  1. Because of socialism ideology in Tanzania
  2. Due to different country philosophies
  3. As the result of dictatorship practiced in Uganda
  4. Due to the weak leadership in the organization.
  5. Lack of resources

(v) Night came on and the room grew dark. This is an/a…………..

  1. Simple sentence
  2. Compound-complex sentence
  3. Compound sentence
  4. Complex sentence
  5. paragraph

(vi) She did not make a false statement. This is a/an …….noun

  1. Imperative
  2. Negative
  3. Assertive
  4. Interrogative
  5. comparative

(vii) The word bitter means?

  1. Harsh
  2. Beautiful
  3. Pleasant
  4. Wrong
  5. sour

(viii) Which word means the same as supplement?

  1. Improve
  2. Furnish
  3. Complete
  4. Add
  5. complement

(ix) The word commence means?

  1. Open
  2. Start
  3. End
  4. Complete
  5. Business

(x) He led a life devoid of blame. The underlined phrase is a/an……………….

  1. Noun phrase
  2. Preposition
  3. Adjective phrase
  4. Adverb phrase
  5. Compound word

2. Match the items in column A with those in column B to produce the most meaningful sentences.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

(i) Unless you are rich

(ii) Hardly had he finished sitting

(iii) Use your time property

(iv) I cannot be promoted to higher rank

(v) She is not only fat

  1. If you want to realize your dream
  2. Unless I pass the examination and get certificate 
  3. Than a fly dropped in the food
  4. You can not own a factory
  5. When the rain started falling
  6. But also lazy

 SECTION B 40 MARKS

 3. Write a summary of what Nyerere did after retirement in three sentences.

     The late J.K.Nyerere retired as president in 1985, though he remained leader of his CCM party until 1990, when he moved back to his home village in Butiama. After retirement, he travelled around the world becoming a spokesman for African peace and unity in 1990’s playing a major part in bringing peace to both Rwanda and Burundi.

4. Complete the following sentences using words given in the box.

Mean , shy, kind, strict, cheerful, intelligent, stupid

  1. My mother makes us work very hard. She is very_________________
  2. Rose does not want to speak in front of many people. She is very_____________
  3. Sharon is always the first one in the examinations. She is very _________________
  4. My sister has refused to share with me her biscuits. She is very_________________
  5. Nyamora always helps people who are in need. She is very__________________

5. Re- write the following sentences according to instructions given after each.

  1. Whom do you want to see? (Re-write into indirect speech)

________________________________________________________________

  1. The girl is too clever to understand the book. (use so…..that)

________________________________________________________________

  1. He was occupied with important matters. He had no time to see us. (Begin: Being occupied..)

__________________________________________________________________________

  1. The president of Kenya came to Tanzania last year. (Re-write using Kenyan instead of Kenya).
  2. I will do it for you. (Re-write using …..going to…)

_________________________________________________________________________

  1. He drinks and smokes (Re-write using: Not only…..)

_________________________________________________________________________

  1. He ran to the station, but he missed the train 

Begin (Although………..)

_______________________________________________________________________

  1. I go to the well so as to fetch water

Use…….inorder to…..)

______________________________________________________________________

 6.In each of the following sentences one word is wrong. Identify and correct them by writing the correct spelling for each word.

  1. Goats eat backs of trees

    _____________________________________________________________

  2. They are walking to school by foot

    _____________________________________________________________

  3. We are matching to the office

    _____________________________________________________________

  4. They bit me with a stick

    _____________________________________________________________

  5. How march do you sell this book

    _____________________________________________________________

  6. You are supposed to study had for your exam

    _____________________________________________________________

  7. Many of as are the best students in our class

    _____________________________________________________________

  8. My hear is aching

    _____________________________________________________________

7. Use the words below to complete the following expressions

Guardian, trader, chef, grocer, clean, lawyer, keeper, journalist, decon.

  1. A person who advices clients on legal matters   is called________________
  2. A person who cooks in a hotel or restaurant is known as________________
  3. A person who administers the property house and finances of another is referred to as___________
  4. A person who rank immediately below a prist____________________
  5. A person who is chief administrator of a college or university _______________
  6. A person who looks after someone_________________
  7. A person who sells household items is called__________________
  8. A person who is engaged in commercial purchase and sale__________________

8.  (a) Fill the blanks with the correct form of the word in the brackets:

  1. She __________to school every day (go)
  2. My mother__________a new car last week (buy)
  3. I am_______________my dinner (cook)
  4. We must ____________hard in order to pass (study)

 (b) Fill the blanks with the correct words given in the brackets

  1. There is a lot of water in the_____________(see/sea)
  2. He is living in his own____________in the village. (hat/hut)
  3. I saw a _____________eating a rat yesterday (cart/cat/trap)
  4. Mwita travelled to Zanzibar by ___________(ship/sheep)

SECTION C

READING PROGRAMME

9. Select one class reader you’ve read from the given list and answer the questions that follows

The Magic Garden K.R. Cripwell (1977) & Collins Sons Great Britain

Kalulu the hare - F. Worthington (1937) Longman England

Hawa the bus driver - R.S. Mabala (1988) Ben & Company Dar es Salaam

Mabala the farmer - R.S. Mabala (1988) Ben & Company Dar es Salaam

Fast money - K.R. Cripwell (1978), Willium & Collins sons. GB.

Questions

  1. What is the little of the book
  2. What is the story about?
  3. State the main characters
  4. What can we learn from the story?

 10. Read the following poem then answer the question that follows.

Suck and I hide you, my gentle one,

Suck and I hid you, my beloved,

I dreamt that the hunter was at kebaroti,

I dreamt that the hunter was at granted,

Where shall I put you, my little baby?

Where, oh where, shall I put you, lovely little lips?

 

If I put you in a clump of grass, my gentle one

The hunter’s rough dog will come sniffing around

The hunter’s thick club tears up your back.

 

Suck and I hide you, gentle one

Suck and I hide you, you for whom the drum sound a hunter

Where shall I put you, lovely little lips?

If I put you by the way side, gentle one

Passers- by will take you with them, my beloved

If I put you in an anthill, my little baby.

The ants will enclose you into their nest, lovely little lips 

Suck and I hide you, little baby

Suck and I hide you, gentle one

Question 

  1. Give the tittle of the poem?
  2. Mention two places where the mother wishes to hide her baby?
  3. Give one theme of the poem you’ve  read
  4. What will happen if the mother hides her baby in any of the places?

    Start

    1. If she hides the baby
    2. If she hides the baby 
  5. If you were you where would you like to hide your baby?
  6. How many verses does it have?
  7. How many stanzas does it have?

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO ENGLISH EXAM SERIES 18

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

GEOGRAPHY- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM TWO

TIME: 2:30HRS                                                                                                           2020

NAME: _______________________________________________                         CLASS: _________

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consists  sections A , B and C
  • Answer All questions in section A and B and two(2) from section C 
  • All answers should be written in black or blue ink

SECTION A

Answer ALL questions in this section

MULTIPLE CHOICES QUESTIONS

1. For each of the following questions write the letter of the correct answer in the boxes provided below:

(i) An angular distance measured in degrees East and West of the Prime Meridian:-

  1. Equator 
  2. Latitude
  3. Longitude
  4. Tropic of cancer

(ii) One of the common characteristics between nomadic pastoralism and shifting cultivation is that people have:

  1. Advanced in technology
  2. Good standard of living
  3. High crop production
  4. No permanent settlement

 (iii)  The wise use and control of water resources is known as water:

  1. Controlling
  2. Development
  3. Management
  4. Resources 

 (iv) Although the earth is in motion all the time we don’t feel its motion. This is due to the reason that we are:

  1. In the earth
  2. Moving against the motion
  3. Moving with it
  4. On the earth

(v) The major features rising above the surface of ocean water and important for tourism are called:

  1. Continental shelf
  2. Continental slope
  3. Ocean island
  4. Ocean plain

 (vi)  The solar eclipse occurs when:

  1. One body passes between the two bodies
  2. The earth passes between the moon and the sun
  3. The earth passes between the sun and the moon
  4. The moon passes between the earth and the sun

 (vii) The farthest position of the earth from the sun is known as:

  1. Aphelion
  2. Equinox
  3. Perihelion
  4. Solstice 

 (viii) The occurance of summer, winter, autumn and spring is a result of:

  1. Ferrel’s law
  2. Revolution of the earth
  3. Tilting of the earth on its axis

(ix) The height above sea level is called

  1. Altitude
  2. Contours
  3. Latitudes
  4. Ocean

 (x) Which one of the following was the smallest planet in the solar system?

  1. Earth
  2. Mercury
  3. Pluto
  4. Venus 

 2. Matching items. Select an item from group B and match it with the corresponding item in group A

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Tourism

(ii) Mining

(iii) Trade and commerce

(iv) Sedentary livestock

(v) Physical landscape, atmosphere, natural vegetations

 

  1. Plantation agriculture
  2. Subsistence agriculture
  3. Travelling on business or leisure
  4. Just travelling
  5. Movement of people and goods
  6. Extraction of valuable minerals
  7. Buying and selling of goods
  8. Farming 
  9. Physical geography

 

 3. The following statements are either correct or incorrect. Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct:

  1. Circumnavigation of the earth is not the evidence to prove that the earth is spherical ________________
  2. Crossing the international date line causes the gauzing or losing a day _______________
  3. Forests are sources of medicine ____________
  4. Geography  deals with the earth’s features only ___________
  5. Light industries involve manufacturing of heavy and bulky products ___________
  6. The time within a particular area is termed as local mean Time (L.M.T) ___________
  7. Good railways and road networks stimulate economic development ___________
  8. Industrial activities have no negative impacts on environment _____________
  9. Lake Victoria is within the Rift Valley _____________
  10. Trenches and ocean deeps are the same relief features of the river basin ____________ 

 4. (a)Define the term “temperature”

(b) Study carefully the climatic data given for station Y and then answer the questions that follow:

Months

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Temp(oC)

28

27

27

27

28

28

26

25

24

26

27

28

Rainfall(mm)

2400

2100

2050

1750

1700

1750

1660

1500

1700

1805

2100

2300

  1.  Calculate the annual mean temperature
  2. Calculate the amount of annual rainfall
  3. Determine the annual range of temperature
  4. Suggest the type of climate at station Y

SECTION B

Answer ALL questions in this section

5. (a) Briefly explain the concept of human activities.

(b) Name four types of primary human activities.

(c) Giving two examples, differentiate between primary and secondary human activities.

6. (a)Explain the term map

(b) With examples explain the following types of maps:

  1. Topographical maps
  2. Statistical maps

(c) Examine five (5) characteristics of a good map:

SECTION C

Attempt two questions

7. Discuss the significance of atmospheric pressure in life (5 points)

8. How walking long distance to the water sources affect the girl child? Explain (5 points)

9. Describe ways of improving subsistence small scale agriculture. (5 points)

10.(a) What is river basin development project?

(b) Examine the importance of river basin development projects in Africa (4 points)

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 17

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

HISTORY- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM TWO

TIME: 2HRS                                                          2020

NAME:__________________________________CLASS:___________

INSTRUCTIONS:

1. This paper consist of sections A, B and C

2. Answer ALL questions in question A and B and TWO questions from section C

3. Write your full names at the top of every page

4. All answers must be written in the spaces provided.

SECTION A (40 Marks)

1. For each of the items ( i) to (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) A state in which people from one community got in to contact with one another.

  1. Communication.
  2. Contacts.
  3. Trade.
  4. Interaction.

(ii). The North African people were interacting with people from West Africa mainly through.

  1. Indian Ocean.
  2. Transition.
  3. Trans-continental trade.
  4. Trans-Saharan trade.

(iii) One of the outcomes of Boers trek in South Africa was

  1. The discovery of Black continent.
  2. The rise of mfecane war.
  3. Colonization of South Africa.
  4. The discovery of minerals.

(iv)  The famous societies which involved in long distance trade in East Africa were:

  1. Kamba, Makonde and Yao.
  2. Chagga, Maasai and Meru.
  3. Kikuyu, Somali and Galla.
  4. Yao, Kamba and Nyamwezi.

(v) The following is the importance of Trans-Saharan trade to Western Sudan:

  1. It helped to introduce new ideas.
  2. It helped empires to emerge in Western Sudan.
  3. It helped to introduce Islamic civilization.
  4. All the above.

(vi)A major step in the series of economic process that bring goods and services to the people. 

  1. Industry.
  2. Production.
  3. Primitive.
  4. Market.

(vii) The Dutch who settled in South Africa were from

  1. Oman.
  2. Holland.
  3. France.
  4. Germany.

(viii) The early development of animal and plant domestication.

  1. Revolution.
  2. Neolithic Revolution.
  3. Agriculture.
  4. Carbon 14 method.

(ix) The following are functions of a Moran, except.

  1. To protect  the whole society.
  2. To control religion and solve conflicts.
  3. To defend and protect the protectorate.
  4. To travel in search of water and grases.

(x) A rulling system in which two or more communities or governments rule the same territory and people is known as;

  1. Power separation.
  2. Power sharing.
  3. Self-rule.
  4. Democracy.

2. Match the items in LIST B with those provided in LIST A by writing correct number in the space provided

LIST A

LIST B

(i). Trans- Saharan trade

(ii) Basic needs

(iii)  Communalism

(iv)  Boer Expansion

(v) Slavery

(vi) Interaction

(vii) Cow horn formation

(viii) Feudalism.

(ix) 200 BC.

(x) Mixed farming .

  1. The exchange of goods between the Western Sudan and North Africa across the Sahara desert.
  2. Food , shelter, clothing and health services.
  3. The first mode of production in which the basic means of life are owned and shared by all members of a community.
  4. Resulted to the Ngoni migration
  5. The first pre-colonial exploitative mode of production.
  6. A state in which people from one community go into contact with another
  7. A military technique introduced by the Ngoni in East and Central Africa
  8. The second pre-capitalist mode of production based on exploitation of man by man.
  9. The African contact with Middle East and Far East dates back to as early as;
  10. Both animal husbandry and farming
  11. Long distance trade.
  12. The year Jesus was born.
  13. The trade between Europeans and Asians.

 

LIST A

A

B

C

D

E

F

G

H

I

J

LIST B

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 3. Write TRUE if the statement is correct and FALSE if the statement is not correct

  1. The Ngoni brought war and disrupted trade activities to a peaceful areas ______
  2. Zwangandaba was a tribal leaders in Tanzania who organized long distance trade_______
  3. The Ngoni did not bring any effect to East African societies_______
  4. The social factors for interaction among the people of Africa resulted into population increase_______
  5. Rusinga Island and Nsongezi are famous historical sites found in Kenya_______
  6. Before the colonial period, all the societies in East Africa were patrilineal_______
  7. Clan was a basic unit of production_______
  8. Agriculture is an economic activity of growing of crops_______
  9. Khoisan, Dorobo, Sandawe, Kiko, Hadzabe and Tindiga are some African societies which are still practicing feudalism________
  10. The form of feudalism that existed along the East African Coast was known as Umwinyi______

4.  Give the meaning of each of the following terms

  1. Social organisation
  2. Historical sites 
  3. Slave
  4. Communalism
  5. Barter trade 

                                          SECTION B. ( 30 Marks).

                                Answer all questions in this section 

 5. Arrange the following sentences in a chronological order by writing their Roman numbers in the table provided. 

  1. These caves were usually near sources of water 
  2. These activities have earned them the name " early hunting and gathering"
  3. They mainly live temporally in caves
  4. They ate raw food like meat and fruits because they did not know how to make fire.
  5. During this period people did not have permanent shelters. 

  ANSWERS

1ST

2ND

3RD

4TH

5TH

 

 

 

 

 

6. Complete each of the following statements with the correct historical facts

i. The man's major technological inovation during the middle stone Age was ____________

ii. The tittle of the supreme political leader  in the Haya was _______________

iii. A place where books, files, colonial and travellers records are kept is calles _______________

iv. The  process by which people create goods to satisfy their needs is ___________________

v. The ownership and use of slaves in economic priductuon ____________________

7.a) What is agriculture?

b) Explain in short different types of agriculture development in Africa societies.

                                     SECTION B. ( 30 Marks)

8. Write an essay about the effects of the economic interactions among the African

9. Write a short essay on Ngoni migration under the following guidelines 

  1. Meaning 
  2. Participants 
  3. Causes 
  4. Effects.
  5. Conclusion 

 10. Explain  the characteristics of communalism mode of production

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO HISTORY EXAM SERIES 16

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

CHEMISTRY- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM TWO

TIME: 2HRS                                                                   2020

NAME:_____________________________________CLASS:___________

 INSTRUCTIONS 

  • Do all questions from sections A, B and C. 
  • All working must be shown clearly and neatness
  • The following atomic masses may be used;

H = 1, C = 12, O = 16, N = 14, Ca = 40, K = 39. 

  • All writing must be done in black or blue ink EXCEPT for the diagrams which must be in pencil. 

SECTION A: 10 MARKS

1. Write down the letter corresponding to the correct answer for each item (i) – (x).

(i) The valency of an element with atomic number 10 is;

  1. 2
  2.  3
  3. 0

(ii) How many protons, neutrons and electrons are there in an atom represented by the symbol

Protons   Neutrons  Electrons 

  1. 39  19  20
  2. 19  39  20
  3. 20  19  20
  4. 19  20  19

(iii) Separation of a mixture by fraction all distillation is possible if the mixture constituents differ in their;

  1. Boiling points
  2. Melting points
  3. Freezing points
  4. Vapourizing points

(iv) When element T of Group 1 combines with element X of Group VI, the formula of the compound formed is;

  1. T2
  2.  X2T
  3. TX2 
  4. XT

(v) Saturated solution is one which;

  1. Contains more solute undissolved  at a given temperature
  2. Has a large amount of solvent at a given temperature
  3. Contains a little solute at a given temperature
  4. Will take no more of solute at a given temperature

(vi) The most abundant element on the earth is;

  1. Carbon
  2. Iron
  3. Nitrogen
  4. Oxygen

(vii) Petrol is an example of;

  1. Ionic substance 
  2.  Irritating substance  
  3.  Flammable substance
  4. Corrosive substance

(viii) Domestic utensils made of iron undergo rusting when exposed to;

  1. Air and fire
  2. Air and oil
  3. Air and water
  4. Water and oil 

(ix) The chloride iron (Cl-) differs from chlorine atom because chloride ion has;

  1. Loss electrons 
  2. Less protons
  3. More electrons
  4. More protons 

(x) Which of the following chemical species have the same number of electrons? 

  1. Cl, Be, He and O2-
  2. K+, Ca2+, Cl- and Ar  
  3. Na+, Mg2+, Al3+ and Li 
  4.  O2-, F-, S2- and Cl-  

SECTION B: 20 MARKS

2. You are provided with two lists A and B. Choose a words from list B which matches the statement or phrase in List A and write its letter in the table provided below;

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Covalent bond
  2. Increases from left to right across the period in the periodic table.
  3. Environmental friendly fuel.
  4. Method used to extract oil from nuts.
  5. Addition of hydrogen to a substance or removal of oxygen from a substance.
  6. The forces holding the oppositely charged ions.
  7. Substance which can burn your skin.
  8. Immiscible liquids
  9. Modern scientific procedures
  10. Used for grinding solid chemicals
  1. Biogas
  2. Electronegativity
  3. Solvent extraction
  4. Reduction
  5. Electron sharing
  6. Electrostatic forces
  7. Corrosive
  8. Irritating
  9. Water and Kerosene
  10. Isotopy
  11. Data analysis
  12. Solution extraction
  13. Mortar and pestle
  14. Desiccator
  15. Painting
  16. Catalyst

SECTION C: 70 MARKS

  1. (a) What do you understand by the following terms?
  1. First Aid …
  2. First Aid Kit

(b) Name four components which can be found in First Aid Kit; 

(c) Why is it important to provide First Aid to an injured person? Give four reasons;

4. (a) For each of the following classes of fire, state the burning material(s);

  1. Class A fire 
  2. Class B fire 
  3. Class C fire 

(b) Fire can be prevented by; 

5. (a) By giving one example, define the following terms;

  1. Suspension 
  2. Chromatography 

(b) Briefly explain the following ways of preventing rusting. 

  1. Electroplating 
  2. Galvanizing 

(c) Write the chemical symbols for the following elements; 

  1. Silver ………………………..
  2. Iron ………………………….
  3. Aluminium …………………….

6. (a) If a mixture of manganese (IV) oxide, MnOwith potassium chlorate, KClO3 is treated, which of the two compounds will produce oxygen? 

  1. …………………………………… 
  2. Why? ……………………………………

(b) Calculate the oxidation number of the underlined elements;

  1. NH4+
  2. SO42-
  3. CUSO4
  4. FeCl2

7. (a) List down four assumptions of the Dalton’s Atomic Theory;

(b) Write a chemical formula for each of the following compounds;

  1. Water ……………………
  2. Potassium chloride ……… …
  3. Magnesium oxide ………… 
  4. Calcium hydroxide ………… .

(c) (i) What do you understand by the term “Chemical warning signs”?

  (ii) Draw the chemical warning sign that represents; 

HARMFUL OR IRRITANT 

TOXIC 

FLAMMABLE 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8. Study the periodic table below;

 

Use the letters shown in the periodic table above to indicate; 

  1. Elements with zero valency ………………
  2. The lightest atom. ……………………… .
  3. The alkaline earth match. ……………… 
  4. An element with electronic configuration of 2: 8: 1. …………………………..
  5. Give the names of elements represented by the mentioned letters A, B, C and D. …………………
  6. Give the name of J as an element. ……………………… 
  7. Write the electronic configuration of J. …………………… ……………….
  8. What type of a bond can be formed when element J combined with element H? ………………………… …
  9. What type of a bond can be formed when an element H combines with an element H ……………………… 

9. (a) What is air? 

(b) Mention the composition of air with their percentage composition; 

COMPOSITION 

PERCENTAGE (%) COMPOSITION 

  1. ……………………………………..
  2. ……………………………………..
  3. ……………………………………..
  4. ……………………………………...
  1. …………………… 
  2.  ………………….
  3. …………………..
  4. …………………...

 (c) Give four reasons why air is a mixture. 

10. (a) Give the method used to separate the following mixtures;

  1. Kerosene and water ………………… 
  2. Alcohol (ethanol) and water …………………
  3. Iron fillings and sand …………………………
  4. Iodine crystals and table salt …………… …….

(b) What is a chemical compound? Give four reasons to support this fact.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO CHEMISTRY EXAM SERIES 15

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

MATHS- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM TWO

Time 2:30 Hours                                                                   MAY 2020 

Instructions 

  • This paper consists of two sections A and B. 
  • Answer all questions in both sections 
  • Show clearly all working for each question
  • Geometrical instruments and graph paper may be used where necessary
  • Use  

SECTION A (60 MARKS)

1. a) Rearrange the following in ascending order 

     b) Write 56 as the product of prime factors

2. Express  in form of  where p and q are both integers and  

3. A room of length 270cm and 150cm is to be covered with square tiles. What is the largest size of the tiles to be used if no space of the room is left to be uncovered and how many tiles will be used?

4. Round off 34.9545 correct to i) Two significant figure  ii) One decimal places

5. Write the following into 24-hours system  i) 03: 15 Pm  ii) 01: 01Pm

6. Given  , find   i) 64*3   ii)  a if 

7. Two angles of pentagon are 580 and 380 and the other remaining three are in the ratio of 5:6:7. Find the largest angle.

8. Given a straight line 2y+5x+1=0, f

Fnd a) Slope  b) y-intercept   c) x-intercept

9. Two supplementary angles differ by 120. Find the angles.

10. Add the following

 11. Anna is two years older than betty. Last year, Anna was two times as old as Betty. What is their age?

12. Make r-subject of formula in the following  

13. Express in the form of 

14. Use method of difference of two squares to evaluate  the following

        i)   ii) 0.9852 – 0.0152

15. Given log2=0.3010 and log7=0.8451, without using logarithm table evaluate:

     a) log1.25   b) log 3.5

16. Factorize the following expression

       a)15t2-14t-8=0        b) (2c+3)2 – c2

18.Simplifythe following

 a) 

 b)

19. Expand the following

 a) [y- 3] [ + y ] b) (6n - )2 

20. For value of P which makes the following equations perfect square

(i) x2 – Px +16=0   

(ii) x2 - x + P=0

SECTION B (40 MARKS)

21. a) From the quadratic equation  show that 

      b) By using general formula of quadratic equation solve the following equation 

22. The figure ABCD below is rectangle with sides as shown where C1 and C2 are two quarter circles inside it. 

Find:

a) Value x and y shown in the figure

b) Perimeter of the rectangle

c)Area of the rectangle ABCD

d) Area of the shaded region

 23.a)  A rope is tired at the top of the flagpole and the other end of the rope is fixed on a point 36m from the base of the flagpole. If the flag pole is 15m high, what is the length of the rope?

 b) In the figure below find the length of PQ and PS if QR=8cm, RQ=12cm and PR=17cm.

 24. A farmer sold a quarter of his maize harvest and give one third of the remaining to his relatives. If the farmer remained with 36 bags of maize, find:- 

a) How many bags of maize did the farmer harvest. 

b) How many bags of maize did the farmer sold.

25. a) By using logarithm tables, evaluate  

      b) Evaluate the following without using logarithm tables:

(i)  

(ii)  

(iii)

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO MATHEMATICS EXAM SERIES 14

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMMERCE- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM TWO

TIME: 2HRS                                                             2020

NAME:____________________________________CLASS:___________

INSTRUCTIONS

  • Answer all questions

SECTION A.  (30 MARKS)

1. For each of the following questions write the letter of the correct answer

i)  The main purpose of commerce is to

  1. Make profit
  2. Help customers
  3. Help manufacturers
  4. Bridge the gap between producers and consumers

ii) Which of the following function is not normally done by the wholesalers?

  1. Breaking the bulk
  2. Selling goods to customers
  3. Marketing research
  4. Buying goods from producers

iii) The following is not an advantage of specialization and division of labour

  1. Decrease in production
  2. Increase in production
  3. Achievements of expertise
  4. Time saving

iv) Making goods for one’s own use is termed as

  1. Self service
  2. Direct production
  3. Self-employment
  4. direct service

v) Bread and butter, tea and sugar illustrate the type of interrelated demand known as

  1. joint demand
  2. composite demand
  3. competitive demand
  4. consumer demand

vi) Which of the following is not an aid to trade?

  1. Transporting
  2. Banking
  3. Insurance
  4. Retailing

vii) Production process ends when

  1. Manufacturing process ends
  2. Goods reach final consumers
  3. Goods reach the retail shops
  4. Goods are stored in a warehouse

viii) It is a level reached after receiving new delivery

  1. Retailer average stock
  2. Minimum stock
  3. Maximum stock
  4. Stock administration

ix) Management of stock in the warehouse is known as:

  1. Stock valuation
  2. Stock control
  3. Stock taking
  4. Stock administration

x) The abbreviation C.W.O on an order form means

  1. Cash on delivery
  2. Customer warehouse order
  3. Cash with order
  4. Come with order

2. Match the items in column A with responses in column B by writing the letter of the correct responses besides the item number in the answer sheet provided

COLUMN A

(i).   …………   a number of single shops under one roof and one managements

(ii).   ………….  Are number of shops owned and managed by one concern stock the same class of merchandise and often similar in appearance

(iii).   ……….Type of single shops which sells the product of one manufacturer only

(iv).   ………… self-service retail outlets

(v).   ………….  Large shopping complex comprising the variety of business managed by different people all housed in one building 

COLUMN B

  1. Hire purchase
  2. Supermarkets
  3. Hypermarket
  4. Departmental stores
  5. Co-operative shops
  6. Multiple shops
  7. Deferred payments
  8. Tied shops
  9. Roadside sellers
  10. Hawkers

3. Write “T” for a true statement and “F” for a false statement in the space provided  beside  each  item .

(i)  Advertising is an aid to trade which means the transmitting of information from one point to another ……………………..

(ii)  Wages is the reward for labour……………

(iii) The movement of people and goods from one place to another is called Transportation……………………….

(iv) Chain of distribution is the ways through which goods flow from manufacturers to the final consumers……………..

(v) The graphical representation of demand schedule is called Elasticity…………

(vi) Invoice is a document issued when goods have been bought or sold on credit………………..

(vii)  Private warehouse is a place where imported goods are kept while waiting for the payment of custom duty…………………….

(viii) Indirect production is the production for one’s own use……………………

(ix)  Average stock is the number of times the average stock held turn over during a period………………………………..

(x)   Stock administration is the quantity of a certain supply that should always be in a stock to safeguard sales against unforeseen delays in delivery………………..

SECTION B (30 MARKS)

5. Form two commercial students wants to establish retail shops, advise them by having five factors to be considered when establishing a retail shop

6. Entrepreneurship plays a vital role in industrial development.  Outline any five characteristics of an entrepreneur.

SECTION C (40 MARKS)

7. Complete the following table, show all your workings

 

Opening stock

Closing stock

Net purchases

Cost of sales

Net sales

Gross profit

Average stock

Rate of stock turnover

(a)

12,000

15,000

82,000

74,000

98,200

(i)

13,500

(ii)

(b)

(iii)

24,000

76,000

80,000

(iv)

32,000

(v)

(vi)

(c)

20,000

(vii)

210,000

(viii)

241,000

41,000

25,000

8

(d)

28,000

22,000

(ix)

(x)

300,000

75,000

25,000

9

 

ITEM

i

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

ix

X

ANS

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 8. Explain the five (5) factors that determine change in demand

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO COMMERCE EXAM SERIES 13

 THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

CIVICS- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM TWO

TIME: 2.30HRS                                                          2020

NAME:_______________________________________________                         CLASS:___________

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consists of sections A,B and with a total of seven (7) questions
  • Answer all questions in sections A and B and one (1) question from section C
  • All answers must be written in the spaces provided
  • All writing must be in BLUE or BLACK ink
  • Write your name and class at the top in the spaces provided

SECTION A (35 Marks)

ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION

1. For each of the items (i) – (xx), choose the correct letter in the box provided.

(i) A village government is made up of:-

  1. Village assembly and village council
  2. Village council and the chairman
  3. Adult population and the chairman
  4. Adult population and village assembly

 (ii) Which of the following is an aspect of social skills?

  1. Peer resistance
  2. Aggressiveness
  3. Arrogance
  4. Interview 

 (iii) The Tanzania legislature is made up of:

  1. The president and ministers
  2. The parliament and the cabinet
  3. The president and the judiciary
  4. The National Assembly and the president

 (iv)  Which among the following set is a correct characterization of a nation?

  1. History, Culture, People and Uhuru torch
  2. Education, Uhuru torch, History and people
  3. Sovereignty, Uhuru torch, people and government
  4. People, History, Sovereignty and Government

 (v) A ruling system whereby all government powers are under the people of that particular country is called

  1. Dictatorship government
  2. Elected government
  3. Democratic government
  4. Multiparty government

 (vi) Who is the speaker of the East African Union’s parliament?

  1. Hon. Getrude Mangela
  2. Hon.Anna Makinda
  3. Hon. Dr Martin Ngoga
  4. Hon. Salim Ahmed Salim

 (vii) The following are the sources of government revenue except:-

  1. Development levy
  2. Income tax
  3. Rents
  4. License fee

 (viii) Which among the following is the organ of the country which implements laws of the state?

  1. Legislature
  2. Judiciary
  3. Parliament
  4. Executive 

 (ix) Which one among the following is a demerit of a written constitution?

  1. Simple and clear
  2. Create harmony
  3. Is flexible
  4. Tends to be rigid

 (x) Gender stereotyping can be defined as:-

  1. Relationship between men and women
  2. The way men and women are portrayed in the society
  3. Gender balance
  4. Women empowerment 

(xi) When the state officially are said to be acting within the law and the constitution, this is referred to as:-

  1. Human rights
  2. Natural justice
  3. Rule of law
  4. Parliamentary supremacy

 (xii) In the family young children have the duty and role of:-

  1. Taking care of the family
  2. Helping in house hold chores
  3. Providing members with love
  4. Providing security

 (xiii) Human rights abuses experienced by HIV/AIDS victims include:-

  1. Stigmatization
  2. Gender gap
  3. Gender blind
  4. Gender stereotyping

 (xiv) The first multi-party election in Tanzania was held in:

  1. 1992
  2. 1995
  3. 2000
  4. 2005

 (xv) The misuse of public funds for self gain is termed as:-

  1. Constitution
  2. Corruption
  3. Government
  4. Culture

 (xvi) The principles of fairness, justice and benefits that all human beings are born with is referred to as:-

  1. Moral rights
  2. Rule of law
  3. Human rights
  4. Economic rights

 (xvii) The ability of a person to appreciate him/herself is known as:-

  1. Assertiveness
  2. Self – esteem
  3. Self – awareness
  4. Empathy

(xviii) The group of people legally organized together to take over control of the government is termed as:-

  1. Government
  2. Election campaigns
  3. Political party
  4. Multi – partism

 (xix) Which color in the national flag of Tanzania represents the natural wealth of the country?

  1. Green
  2. Blue
  3. Yellow
  4. Black 

 (xx)  Government bills originates from:-

  1. The cabinet, Ministers and the Attorney 
  2. Judges and members of the parliament
  3. The president and vice president
  4. The citizens

 2. Match the items in LIST A with the correct responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) A corrective measure against women oppression

(ii) A situation whereby female students are encouraged to opt for Arts subjects

(iii) The social relationship between men and women

(iv) The biological differences between a man and woman

(v) The systematic efforts to understand the role of women and men in the society

  1. Gender biasness
  2. Gender analysis
  3. Women empowerment
  4. Gender balance
  5. Gender stereotyping
  6. Sex
  7. Gender discrimination
  8. Gender
  9. Gender oppression
  10. Gender equity
  11. Gender mainstreaming
  12. Gender blindness


LIST A

i

ii

iii

iv

v

LIST B

 

 

 

 

 

 3. For each of the following sentences (i) – (x) write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the sentence is not correct.

  1. The results of the General elections are announced by the permanent commission of enquiry_____________
  2. Democracy is a Greek word which means power in the hands of minority population___________
  3. The components of a nation are political party territory and people__________________
  4. Peace, love, murder, respect, obedience and proper morals are pillars of the family stability________________
  5. The executive in Tanzania is made up of the president, cabinet and civil service_______________
  6. Tanzania protects the citizen’s rights through the Bill of rights in the constitution____________
  7. Direct democracy can only be practiced in countries with large population______________
  8. Workers day is celebrated on 7th July every year______________
  9. The speaker is the leader of government business in the parliament__________________
  10. A youth who engage in unsafe sex lacks responsible decision making skills______________

 SECTION B (50 MARKS)

ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION

4. Read the following passage carefully and then answer the questions that follow:

      Sexually transmitted infections or STI’s are infections passed from one person to another during sexual inter course. Unsafe sex leads to STI’s. these infections can be passed from pregnant women to their babies during delivery. STI’s can cause serious problems to the victims. Some of the short comings caused by STI’s infections include infertility in men and women, premature delivery or delivering under weight babies, pregnancy outside the womb of the woman, death due to severe infections particularly HIV/AIDS, lasting pain in the lower abdomen and concern of the cervic.

     Both men and women can get STI’s.  But a woman gets infection from a man more easily than a man from a woman. It is hard to tell the symptoms if a woman is infected because most STI’s occur inside woman’s body where symptoms are difficult to see.

     Symptoms of STI’s particularly gonorrhea or syphilis include yellow or green discharge from virgin or anus, pain when passing urine, fever, and discharge from penis, pain or swelling of the testicles, bleeding during sex etc. 

Generally STI’s are very dangerous infections as they can lead to death. 

QUESTIONS

  1. Suggest a suitable title for this passage

________________________________________________________________________

  1. According to the passage mention two problems caused by STI’s

___________________________________________________________________

  1. Why is it difficult to diagnose a woman with STI’s more easily than a man? Give two reasons
  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. From the passage that you read, write two major symptoms of sexually Transmitted Infectious STI’s
  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Suggest two ways of combating with sexually Transmitted Infectious STI’s
  1. __________________________________________________________________
  2. __________________________________________________________________

5. Define the following concepts and for each give two points on its importance/ effects

  1. Civics ___________________________________________________________________

Importance

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Social life skills

________________________________________________________________________

Importance 

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Political campaigns

________________________________________________________________________

Importance 

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Democratic Election

________________________________________________________________________

Importance 

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Gender blind

________________________________________________________________________

Effects

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Female Genital Mutilation (F.G.M)

________________________________________________________________________

Effects 

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Human rights

________________________________________________________________________

Importance

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Wife Inheritance

________________________________________________________________________

Effects 

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Democracy 

________________________________________________________________________

Importance 

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________
  1. Zebra signs

________________________________________________________________________

Importance 

  1. ___________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________

 SECTION C (15 MARKS)

ANSWER ONE (1) QUESTION FROM THIS SECTION

6. Identify and explain the difference between Democratic and Non – Democratic Government (Give six (6) points)

7. Explain six sources of the central government revenue in Tanzania.

________________________________________________________________________

END

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO CIVICS EXAM SERIES 12

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

BIOLOGY- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

033                                                   FORM TWO

TIME: 2½HRS                                                                                     

NAME: _____________________________________

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. This paper consists of sections A,B, and C
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and one question from section C
  3. All writing should be in blue or black ink pen
  4. All answers should be in separate answer sheet
  5. Clarity and neatness will be rewarded.

SECTION A: 20 MARKS

1. MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

(i) The following are list of laboratory apparatus. Identify the odd one out.

  1. Pooter
  2. Quadrat
  3. Sweep net
  4. Fishing net

 (ii)  Amina was bitten by a bee; which of the following should not be done

  1. Wash the area with soap and water
  2. Apply baking soda to the area
  3. Careful remove strings with your finger or sharp object
  4. Apply cold compress to remove pain

 (iii) Identify a gas that is dangerous to ozone layer if   released into atmosphere

  1. Carbon dioxide
  2. Nitrogen dioxide
  3. Sulphur dioxide
  4. Methane

 (iv)  After cholera outbreak, residents of mkwajuni village were vaccinated against the disease. The type of immunity carried out here will be:

  1. Artificial active immunity
  2. Natural passive immunity
  3. Natural active immunity
  4. Artificial passive immunity

(v) Which of the following is not a sign of Gonorrhea?

  1. Swollen lymph nodes
  2. Yellow discharge from vagina/penis
  3. Irregular menstruation
  4. Itching in private parts

 (vi) Among the following are functions of nucleus. Which one is not?

  1. Determine the chemical processes that take place in cell
  2. Initiate cell division
  3. Control function of all parts of the cell
  4. Determine hereditary characteristic of the cell

 (vii)  Which of the following is odd one out

  1. Mycobacterium tuberculosis
  2. Escherichia coli
  3. Treponema pallidum
  4. Salmonella typhi

 (viii) Which statement is false about division Bryophyta?

  1. Lack vascular tissues
  2. Found in most areas
  3. Need water for fertilization
  4. Has sporophyte as dominate stage

 (ix) Which of the following is True about digestion of starch

  1. Occur in mouth and esophagus
  2. Occur in mouth only
  3. Enzymes digesting starch are produced in stomach
  4. It end product of digestion is absorbed in lacteal 

 (x)  The chemical compound that can cause death in blood is

  1. Oxyhaemoglobin
  2. Carboxyhaemoglobin
  3. Carbominohaemoglobin
  4. Carbonhaemoglobin

 MATCHING ITEM QUESTIONS

2. (a) Match the items in list A with response in list B by writing the letter of correct response beside item number in separate answer sheet provided

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Prevents clotting of blood in our bodies 

(ii) Soluble protein

(iii) Occur when blood with similar antigen and antibody are mixed.

(iv) Fight pathogen through engulfing 

(v) Rapture of blood vessels leading to brain

 

  1. Fibrinogen
  2. Plasma
  3. Blood group AB
  4. Fibrin
  5. Leucocytes
  6. Thromboplastin, vit.k, calcium
  7. Agglutination
  8. Stroke
  9. Heparin
  10. Phagocytes
  11. Compatibility
  12. Thrombin
  13. Incompatibility
  14. Clot
  15. Blood group O
  16. thrombosis

 (b) Fill the gaps below with the correct answer.

  1. Group of organisms with similar nutritional habits…………………
  2. An organism that causes malaria……………………………
  3. An organism that feed on dead decaying matter………………..
  4. Clamping together of blood………………………………
  5. Bursting of red blood cells when put in hypotonic solution………………….

3. The following statements are either true or false. Write T for True statement and F for false statement on separate answer sheets.

  1. Destruction of red blood cells which are worn out occur in spleen
  2. Blood group AB is always a universal receipient
  3. A bird nest in a tree illustrates a mutualism feeding relationship
  4. A corm is a specialized stem which store food
  5. Transpiration occurs only through stomata
  6. Food in ileum is normally acidic
  7. All viruses are harmful to living organism
  8. Prokaryotes can reproduce by conjugation
  9. Kissing can spread/transmit HIV/AIDS
  10. Buying rechargeable batteries and battery chargers is a way of reducing wastes

 SECTION B

4. The diagram below illustrates a physiological process in red blood cell of mammals when placed in different solution.

image

 a) (i) What type of solutions are A  B and C?

(ii) Explain the biological process that has taken place in A and B

b) What would happen if a plant cell is placed in solution A and B

c) Explain why amoeba can successfully survive in solution B

 5. (I) The diagram below shows part of plant root.

 

  a) Name parts labeled  A, B and C

b) What is the role of cell labeled D?

c) Explain how water moves from from soil until it reaches vascular bundles

d) Name two forces involved in water uptake  in above cell

(II). List two factors that affect rate of active transport

6.(a) What is the primary source of energy in an ecosystem?

b) Give the trophic levels of the following

  1. A cow
  2. Bacteria
  3. Lion

c) Ecological pyramich tapper toward apex. Give two reasons

d) Draw and label structure of mitochondrion

7. a) Explain the following physiological processes

  1. Photosynthesis
  2. Chemosynthesis

b) Write an equation for reaction occurring during the following stage

  1. Light stage
  2. Dark stage

c) Mention 3 internal factors which affect rate of photosynthesis

d) Give the function of the following

  1. Eye piece
  2. Revolving nose piece
  3. Condenser

8. a)Name the causal organism of the following diseases

  1. Malaria
  2. Amoebic dysentery
  3. Typhoid

b) Name the substances made of the following nutrients that are involved in blood clotting

  1. Protein
  2. Vitamin
  3. Enzyme
  4. Mineral element

c)  Proteins are large molecules made up of long chains of amino acids joined together through a bond called

d) State the main role of the following mineral to plants

  1. Nitrogen
  2. Magnesium

 SECTION C. ESSAY QUESTION

Answer only One question

9. With use of 8 points; explain the effects of poor waste disposal in the community

 10. Explain digestion process that take place to a ball of ugali from when it is kept in mouth until it reaches anus.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO BIOLOGY EXAM SERIES 11

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