(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Year : 2022


  1. This paper consists of sections A,13 and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C of which question 7 and 8 are compulsory.
  3. Section A carries fifteen (15) marks, section B forty (40) marks and section C carries forty five (45) marks.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives a its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Which expression does not exemplify some aspects of the functions of literature?

  1. Educating
  2. Criticising
  3. Rectifying
  4. Expansion
  5. Recreation
Choose Answer :

(ii) "Juma's wedding which was held on 21" February 2016 in his house was attended by millions of people." What figure of speech has been used in this statement?

  1. Symbolism
  2. Imagery
  3. Hyperbole
  4. Understatement
  5. Sarcasm
Choose Answer :

(iii) In which genre of literature are musical and sense devices found?

  1. Prose
  2. Play
  3. Poetry
  4. Narrative
  5. Drama
Choose Answer :

(iv) Identify a proper name for a person or anything used by artists to present ideas in Novels and Plays

  1. Human
  2. Persona
  3. Characterisation .
  4. Character
  5. Animal
Choose Answer :

(v) "Quoth", "thee" and "thence" are some of the words which are no longer in use in everydays' life. Which figure of speech is suitable for these words?

  1. Symbols
  2. Simile
  3. Anaphora
  4. Archaism
  5. Metaphor
Choose Answer :

(vi) Which of the following describes a work of art?

  1. Event that is described as imaginary
  2. Event that is based mainly on fact
  3. Event that involve normal character
  4. Event that do not involve setting
  5. Event that involve real presentation
Choose Answer :

(vii) How is the poetic device in which consonant sounds are repeated called?

  1. Alliteration
  2. Refrain
  3. Assonance
  4. Hyperbole
  5. Rhymes
Choose Answer :

(viii) Which of the following is a good example of a simile?

  1. He has become an earth worm
  2. The Indian hair is like sisal strains
  3. Majuto is a Chameleon
  4. Mkude was a lion in the battle
  5. Mwajuma is a Giraffe
Choose Answer :

(ix) What is the name of an autobiography that usually focuses on significant event or period in the writer's life?

  1. Biography
  2. Reference
  3. Autobiography
  4. Memoir
  5. Bibliography
Choose Answer :

(x) Which type of poem addresses a person or celebrates an event such as a wedding?

  1. Ode
  2. Epic
  3. Didactic
  4. Lyric
  5. Sonnet
Choose Answer :

2. Match the descriptions in List A with the corresponding figures of speech in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.

List A List B

(i) A figure of speech which compares two different things by using conjunctions.

(ii) A figure of speech which compares two different things without conjunctions.

(iii) A figure of speech in which foolish ideas of a person are shown to improve his/her humanity.

(iv) A figure of speech which exaggerates facts for comic or serious effects.

(v) A situation in which the expression of truth is directly opposite from the reality.

  1. Proverb
  2. Metaphor
  3. Simile
  4. Irony
  5. Hyperbole
  6. Satire
  7. Metonymy
  8. Personification
View Ans

SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Which literary term is represented by each of the following expressions?

(a) I thought the world was mad.

(b) Soon my voice will be the sand between two grinding stones.

(c) A cloudy sky does not always cry rain.

(d) Did you have any lunch friend?

(e) One of the poet wrote that "black is beautiful."

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4. Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow:

Pedestrian to Passing Benz-Man - By Albert Ojuka (Kenya)

You man, lifted gently

Out of poverty and suffering

We so recently shared, I say-

Why splash the muddy puddle on to

My bare legs, as if, still unsatisfied

With your seated opulence

You must sully the unwashed

With your diesel-smoke and mud-water

and force him buy, beyond his means

a bar of soap from your shop?

a few years back we shared a master

today you have none, while I have

exchanged a parasite for something worse

But may be a few years is too long a time.


(a) How does the Pedestrian differ from the Passing Benz-Man today?

(b) How does the Passing Benz-Man drive his car?

(c) Is the Pedestrian happy with the changes? Give a reason for your answer.

d) What does the word parasite in the poem mean?

(e) How does the Passing Benz-Man exploit the Pedestrian? provided.

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5. Briefly write the correct answer for each of the item (a) - (e) in the answer booklet

(a) Imagine you are a literary artist, how would you create misunderstanding between characters in your work of art?

(b) Suppose you were writing novel how would you use flashback as a writing a technique?

(c) Imagine you are reading a poem, how would you know that onomatopoeia has been used by the poet?

(d) How can you create an irony as a literary device?

(e) Why does a poet use allusion?

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6. Briefly write the correct answer for each of the following item (a) — (e).

(a) Why is oral literature said to be the oldest compared to written literature?

(b) What is the most important function of oral African literature?

(c) Write two differences between oral literature and written literature.

(d) What is the effect of science and technology on oral literature?

(e) How has science and technology improved oral literature?

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SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Question 7 and 8 are compulsory.



  • The Lion and the Jewel - Soyinka, W
  • The Trials of Brother Jero - Soyinka, W
  • The Dilemma of a Ghost - Aidoo, A
  • The Government Inspector - Gogol, N.


  • A Walk in the Night and Other Stories - Guma, A.
  • Houseboy - Oyono, F.
  • The Old Man and the Medal Oyono, F.
  • The Concubine - Amadi, E.


  • Selected poems - Tanzania Institute of Education
  • Growing up with poetry - David Rubadiri

7. Show how two playwrights have used language devices to reveal different themes in their respective societies.

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8. Choose two characters, one from each novel and show how the problems of mistreatment which they faced in their society could be solved. Give three points for each novel.

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9. African writers tend to portray traditions and customs of their localities. Using a play either 'The Lion and the Jewel' by Soyinka, W or 'The Dilemma of a Ghost' by Aidoo, A, examine how literary artists portray the African traditions and customs. (Give six points).

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10. Select different themes from two poems and show their relevance to contemporary Tanzanian society. Give three points for each poem.

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