(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Year: 2020


1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.

2. Answer all questions from sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C of which questions 7 and 8 are compulsory.

3. Section A carries fifteen (15) marks, section B forty (40) marks and section C carries forty five (45) marks.

4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Which of the following feature distinguishes oral literature from other forms of literature?

  1. Stored in books and tape recorder
  2. Uses gestures to add flavour
  3. Expensive to produce
  4. Delivered by writing
  5. Property of an individual person
Choose Answer :

(ii) In what type of drama does the main character end up in death or danger?

  1. Drama 
  2.  Melodrama
  3.  Tragic drama 
  4. Monodrama
  5.  Comedy drama
Choose Answer :

(iii) As you compose a poem, you create an atmosphere of feelings and emotions. What is the name of this poetic device?

  1.  Irony 
  2. Sarcasm 
  3. Mood
  4. Diction 
  5. Poetic licence
Choose Answer :

(iv) Which of the following terms is used to refer to the tools used for appreciating literary works?

  1. Language devices 
  2.  Sense devices 
  3.  Poetic devices 
  4.  Artistic devices 
  5. Artistic style
Choose Answer :

(v) What does this poetic line stand for? “Ten bucks you say I owe you?”

  1.  Litotes 
  2.  Irony 
  3.  Sarcasm 
  4.  Rhetoric
  5. Paradox
Choose Answer :

(vi) Which of the following is a guideline for the directors and actors during dramatising?

  1. Drama 
  2.  Novel 
  3.  Novella
  4.  Play 
  5. Novelette
Choose Answer :

(vii) If a person wrote a book and put some brief explanations on the back cover about the book and himself/herself, this book is called

  1.  Parable 
  2.  Tale 
  3.  Song
  4.  Critic
  5. novel
Choose Answer :

(viii) Which figure of speech is useful when you want to reduce the impact of harsh words in writing a work of art?

  1.  Personification 
  2.  Euphemism
  3.  Diction 
  4.  Hyperbole 
  5. Suspense
Choose Answer :

(ix) Which of these best distinguish literature from other subjects like Chemistry?

  1.  Plot and topics
  2.  No numbers and signs
  3.  Topic and similes
  4.  Content and plot
  5. Plot and figures of speech
Choose Answer :

(x) A word which is offensive and forbidden to be used is known as

  1.  irony 
  2. hyperbole 
  3.  taboo
  4.  barbarism 
  5. litotes
Choose Answer :

2. Match the descriptions in List A with the corresponding type of figure of speech in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.

List A

List B

  1. Animals may speak, objects may dance or even feel
  2. “it stinks, it is rotten”
  3. Time is money
  4. “Ooh! What a person you are, you killed a mosquito!”
  5. He knows a lot of things; he is a man of books.
  1. Metaphor
  2. Sarcasm
  3. Hyperbole
  4. Metonymy
  5. Imagery
  6. Personification
  7. Paradox
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SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Differentiate the following literary terms:

(a) Narrative poem and Lyric poem

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(b) Metaphor and Simile

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(c) Irony and Satire

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(d) Poetic devices and Poetic licence

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(e) Flashback and Foreshadowing

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4. Read the following poem and then answer the questions that follow:

Time of Martyrdom – David Diop

The white killed my father

My father was proud

The white raped my mother

My mother was beautiful

The white bent my brother under the sun of the roads

My brother was strong

The white turned toward me

His hands red with black blood

And said in his Master’s voice

“Boy” an easy chair, a towel, water!


(a) What is the poem about?

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(b) What type of poem is this? Give a reason to your answer.

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(c) Briefly explain two themes found in the poem.

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(d) Briefly explain two poetic devices used in the poem.

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(e) Briefly explain the relevance of the poem to the society.

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5. In each of the expression (a) - (e) state the function which each one performs in literature.

(a) When literature makes people to enjoy their society.

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(b) Literature can make people to respond positively about what is happening in the society.

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(c) The time when evils happen in the society literature does not keep quite.

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(d) When people are ignorant about something happening in their society such as a terrible disease like CORONA, then through literature they get to know it.

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(e) When there are dangerous things in the society and literature always stop people from doing those things.

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6. Write the word that describes each of the description in items (a) - (e).

(a) The written script of drama.

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(b) Conversation of characters.

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(c) The writer’s descriptions of sets, characters and actions.

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(d) The written script is normally divided into one or more major divisions.

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(e) Subdivisions that are concerned with single event and may happen in a single setting.

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SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Question 7 and 8 are compulsory.



The Lion and the Jewel - Soyinka, W.

The Trials of Brother Jero - Soyinka, W.

The Dilemma of a Ghost - Aidoo, A.A.

The Government Inspector - Gogol, N.


A Walk in the Night and Other Stories - Guma, A.

Houseboy - Oyono, F.

The Old Man and the Medal - Oyono, F.

The Concubine - Amadi, E.


Selected poem - Tanzania Institute of Education

Growing up with poetry - David Rubadiri

7. Choose two main characters from two novels and show how they reflect our everyday life situation. Write three points from each novel.

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8. ‘Children as the future generation of a society encounter difficulties.’ Show how true this statement is by referring to two poems read under this programme. Give three points for each poem.

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9. Referring to three plays ‘The Trials of Brother Jero’ by Wole Soyinka, “Dilemma of a Ghost’ by Christina Ama Aidoo and ‘The Lion and the Jewel’ by Wole Soyinka, write the causes of conflicts in African societies. Give two points from each play.

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10. With reference to the play ‘The Lion and the Jewel’ by Wole Soyinka and ‘The Trials of Brother Jero’ by Wole Soyinka, from each play analyse three themes that are found in each play and state reasons for choosing those themes.

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