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THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA
CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION
(For Both School and Private Candidates)
Time: 3 Hours Year: 2022
SECTION A (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
1. For each of the items (i) - (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.
(i) Who studies the society's cultural system, behavior, beliefs and ideologies?
(ii) By 1914, European powers had managed to establish effective colonial control in Africa. In which decade was that year?
(iii) Which revolution was featured by fraternity, liberty and equality as its core ideas?
(iv) Whose theory explains the 'origin of man by describing the changes that our ancestors undergone until they were like a modern man?
(v) Which nation could no longer exploit the United States of America after getting her political independence in 1776?
(vi) Samora Machel and Augostino Neto took up arms to fight against foreign domination during the 1970s. Whose colonial rule were they fighting against?
(vii) What were the objectives of establishing national military institutions in Tanzania?
(i) To protect the country from external aggression
(ii) To promote internal security and integrity
(iii) To participate in national building activities
(iv) To urge states to conform to peaceful settlement of disputes
(viii) Which countries played an important role in the nationalist movement due to the question of land?
(ix) Who was the first British man to round the Cape of Good Hope?
(x) Which nation purchased the Cape from the Netherlands for six million pounds sterling?
(xi) In which countries did armed struggle characterize their independence struggle?
(xii) All of the following are true about Julius Nyerere except
(xiii) Why the United States of America did not accept membership of the League of Nations though she pioneered its formation?
(xiv) All of the following are true about Zimbabwe except
(xv) Who named the Southern tip of Africa 'Cape of Good Hope?'
2. Match the responsibilities in List A with the corresponding leaders in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.
(i) He pioneered the idea of forming a stronger African organization in the 1990s.
(ii) He formulated 14 points of the League of Nations.
(iii) He ordered in the 'Final Solution' that the Jewish population should be eliminated.
(iv) The Italian fascist who provoked the Second World War.
(v) He chaired the conference which aimed at resolvin the conflicts among the European powers in 19 centur .
SECTION B (35 Marks)
3. Answer the following questions briefly:
(i) Differentiate between mixed farming and shifting cultivation.
(ii) Why did the Maasai organize themselves in age set system?
(iii) What is the difference between 'Nyarubanja' and 'Ubugabire'?
(iv) How did population pressure in Natal region lead to Ngoni migration?
(v) Explain two demerits of feudalism.
(vi) Why HIV/AIDS is regarded as a burden to health services provision in Africa?
4. Arrange the following statements in a chronological order by writing number I to 6 beside the item number in your answer booklet(s).
(i) Chief Lobengula and Mtwa Mkwawa resisted actively against the imposition of colonial rule in Africa.
(ii) Piet Retief and Jan Van Rensburg were the leaders of the trekking parties in South Africa.
(iii) David Livingstone was one of the influential individuals in Europe who encouraged the creation of overseas empires.
(iv) Kwame Nkrumah and Jomo Kenyatta were the most effective and vocal spokesmen for Africa during the Pan-Africanist cpnference held in Manchester.
(v) Julius Nyerere and Kenneth Kaunda were the prominent leaders of the Front Line States during decolonization in Southern Africa.
(vi) Presidents Benjamin Mkapa and Yoweri Museveni were the key leaders who signed the treaty to create the new East African Community.
5. Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following by using roman numbers:
(i) A country whose military force took part in the military campaign against the forces of Idi Amin in 1978.
(ii) An East African country that had the only institution offering higher education until the 1960s.
(iii) A country which was connected by a new railway line from Tanzania through the assistance of the Chinese government.
(iv) A British colony that attained her political independence in 1957.
(v) A Portuguese colony that adopted a socialist economic strategy.
SECTION C (45 Marks)
Answer three (3) questions from this section.
6. Explain six factors that determined the forms of decolonization in Africa.
7. 'The discovery of fire was very beneficial to man from the Middle Stone Age to the Iron Age.' Justify this statement by giving six points.
8. Why did France apply assimilation policy in her colonies in Africa? Explain by giving six points.
9. 'Colonial economy had its own characteristics.' Substantiate this statement by giving six points.
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