2. Match the descriptions in List A with the corresponding political parties in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided. (5 marks)
SECTION B (35 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
3. Briefly answer the following questions:
(i) Differentiate between the tools made and used during the Old Stone Age and the Late Stone Age.
(ii) How medicine stimulated the interaction among the African people?
(iii) How did the people along the coast of East Africa use their natural environment to make salt?
(iv) Why did Portugal lead the search for the sea route to India?
(v) How did Asian goods reach Europe before the sea route was discovered by the Portuguese in the 15th century?
(vi) Why Carl Peters is regarded as an important person in the History of Tanganyika?
4. Arrange the following events in chronological order by writing number 1 to 6 besides the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.
(i) By 1880s the scramble for Africa had reached serious proportions. There were signs that if this scramble was not regulated war would erupt among the European powers.
(ii) In order to avert war, Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck of Germany called an International Conference of European Powers with interests in Africa.
(iii) The countries that were represented at the conference included Germany, Britain, France, Portugal, Belgium, Italy, Spain, Denmark and the United States of America.
(iv) The Berlin conference introduced the principles of effective occupation of colonies, hence paving the way for the colonization of the African continent.
(v) The Berlin conference led to economic growth for most European nations since they were assured of maximum supply of raw materials, cheap labour and markets for their industrial manufactured goods.
(vi) By the late 1870s much of Africa's interior was known to Europe's capitalist interests through the services of explorers and missionaries. (12 marks)View Ans
5. Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following by using roman numbers:
The British East African colony where indirect rule policy was more successful.
(ii) The Portuguese colony whose nationalist leader was assassinated by a parcel bomb in Dar es Salaam.
(iii) The country where the Apartheid Policy was applied.
(iv) The Germany colony that resisted Direct Rule Policy in 1904 — 1907.
(v) The British colony where Indirect Rule Policy was first experimented in Africa. (11 marks)
SECTION C (45 Marks)
Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries fifteen (15) marks.
6. Why some areas in Africa experienced intensive scramble more than others? Explain by giving six points.View Ans
7. With examples, explain six effects of colonial agriculture in Africa.View Ans
8. Elaborate six contributions of the First and Second World Wars to the rise and development of anti-colonial movements in Africa.View Ans
9. Explain six reasons which facilitated the collapse of the first East African Community in 1977.