(b) The items (i-v) consist of four sentences which form a complete historical meaning. One of the sentences is missing. Identify the missing sentence from the sentences (A - E) given after each set of items and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) 1. Clan organization was formed by several related families.
3.Clan organization developed both matrilineal and patrilineal societies.
4. In matrilineal societies clan heritage was based on the mother.
People in clan organizations were governed by grandfathers.
People in clan organizations were governed by clan heads.
People in clan organizations were governed by kings.
People in clan organizations were governed by chiefs.
People in clan organizations were governed by queens.
(ii)1.One of the first Europeans to enter the interior of East Africa were traders.
2. Most of these traders were British and Germans.
3.Carl Peters led the German East Africa COmpany to sign bogus treaties with African chiefs.
Imperial British Africa Company led by Cecil Rhodes ruled Uganda.
Traders facilitated colonialism by constructing infrastructure.
Royal Niger Company in East Africa played similar roles.
Chartered companies contributed to the decolonisation of Africa.
European companies aided Africans in their struggles for independence.
(iii) 1. There were few communal societies in East Africa by 1850.
2. These include the Hadzabe in Tanzania and the Dorobo in Kenya.
4.They had few external interactions and maintained their mode of production.
These people used slaves in their social and economic production.
These people were famous long distance traders.
These people resisted strongly against the colonialists.
These people were displaced in South Africa by Mfecane.
These people still lived in shifting groups of hunters and gatherers.
(iv)1. From 1860s capitalism transformed from competitive to monopoly.
2.This phase was characterized by formation of big monopolies companies.
3.Secondly, banks now lent money for and directed investment.
The third feature was the merging of bank and industrial capital.
The third feature was the formation of the League of Nations.
The third feature was the emergence of Pan-Africanism.
The third feature was the abolition of slave trade.
The third feature was the decolonization of Africa.
(v)1. East Africa was seriously affected by the development of capitalism.
2.These effects range from slave trade to the colonization of Africa.
4.During the 1850s, slaves became the major commodity.
Before the 1850s sisal and cotton were the major commodities.
Before the 1850s gold and cotton were the major commodities.
Before the 1850s the major commodities were slaves and ivory.
Before the 1850s sisal and iron were the major commodities.
Before the 1850s iron and coal were the major commodities.