(b) The items (i-v) consist of four sentences which form a complete historical meaning. One of the sentences (A - E) is missing. Identify the missing sentence and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) 1. The important items from West Africa to North Africa were gold and ivory.
2. West Africa obtained salt, dates and horses from North Africa.
4. It expanded after the introduction of camel during the 9th century.
This trade took place through the Atlantic Ocean.
This trade took place across the Sahara desert.
This trade took place across the Indian Ocean.
This trade took place after the partition of Africa.
This trade took place after the decolonization of Africa.
(ii) 1. After the Second World War the United States of America advocated for decolonization.
3. The United States of America wanted the colonizing powers to give independence to their colonies.
4. She wanted to have a freer hand in the exploitation of the ex-colonies.
This was known as the Open Door Policy.
This was known as the Veto Policy.
This was known as the Indirect rule policy.
This was known as the Assimilation Policy.
This was known as the Direct rule Policy.
(iii) 1. In the course of time the White settlers established themselves as stock farmers.
2. They farmed and at the same time kept cattle.
3. Eventually they were referred to as Boers or Afrikaners.
The language that evolved among them was Khoikhoi.
Their language was known as Xhosa.
They used to speak Spanish and Portuguese languages.
They adopted different Bantu languages.
The language that evolved among them was Afrikaans.
(iv) 1. Creation of a one party system, did not transfer power to the people.
2. In pursuit of that goal TANU adopted the Arusha Declaration.
3. Following the Arusha Declaration more pronouncements were made in mainland Tanzania.
These included Education for Self-Reliance and Socialism.
These included Common Man’s Charter and Capitalism.
These included multi-party system and decolonization.
These included nationalism and democratic election.
These included Arusha Declaration and globalization.
(v) 1. During the British period, hospitals were concentrated in areas with dense labour forces.
2. These included the urban centres, settler and company plantations.
4. The same could be said for the health services offered along the major routes of migrant labourers.
They aimed at improving the standard of living of the Africans.
They aimed at keeping the colonial labourers fit for production.
They aimed at making the Europeans inferior to the Africans.
The Africans wanted to justify the importance of their medicine.
The British wanted to prevent the Germans from getting treatment.