SECTION B (20 Marks) Answer all questions in this section.
3. (a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following: (i) the former German colony of Togo (ii) German Cameroon Protectorate (iii) German East Africa (iv) A coast city of Witu (v) South West Africa.
(b) The items (i-v) consist of four sentences which form a complete historical meaning. One of the sentences is missing. Identify the missing sentence from the sentences given after each set of items (A - E) and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) 1. Commercial contacts between East Africa and the Middle and Far East started around 200 B.C.
2. Early commercial contacts are evidenced by archeological excavations.
4. The Periplus of the Erythrean Sea written by Greek traders is another evidence.
These include all the remains observed by the colonial agents.
These show records of colonial administrators.
These reveal remains of pottery, porcelain, coins and beads.
These reveal ancient pyramids along the coast of East Africa.
These reveal the remains of the greatest slave market in Zanzibar.
(ii) 1. The Portuguese search for the sea route to the Far East was sponsored by King Henry.
3. In 1498 captain Vasco Da Gama reached India.
4. Thus the vital direct link between Europe and Asia was established.
Their search for a route around Africa began in the 15th century.
Their activities enabled them to make permanent settlement at the Cape.
Their search for a sea route to India started in the 19th century.
Their contacts with the natives led to the growth of a Dutch language.
Their arrival in South Africa led to the discovery of gold at Kimberley.
(iii) 1. The British based their administration on the indirect rule system.
2. Under this system each ethnic group was subdivided into several administrative units, each under a chief or headman.
3. Local rulers became paid servants of the colonial administration.
They were elected in the Anglo-German legislature.
They acted as the spokesmen of the Europeans in Europe.
They lost authority they used to have in the pre-colonial period.
They signed treaties which were beneficial to the Africans.
They were deposed because of collecting taxes effectively.
(iv) 1. Migrant labour helped the planters to keep the wage of the labourers very low.
2. The labourer left his family at home, so he had no responsibility for feeding his family while at the plantation.
3. His family sustained itself at home.
The wage the labourer got was actually meant for his own maintenance.
The labourer established capitalist companies through this wage.
The wage the labourer got enabled the family to get their basic needs.
The labourer used this wage to buy agricultural machines.
The African kings used the wages of the labourers to pay the soldiers.
(v) 1. The Security Council is responsible for maintaining peace and security.
2. It is composed of fifteen members, five of which are permanent.
4. The other ten are elected by the General Assembly for a term of two years.
The permanent members include USA, China, Italy, Russia and Britain.
France, United Kingdom and Italy are some of the permanent members.
China, Canada, USA and Germany are Examples of permanent members.
Some of the permanent members are USSR, USA, France and Canada.
The permanent members include China, France, USSR and USA.