SECTION B (20 Marks) Answer all questions in this section.
3. (a) Draw a sketch of East Africa and mark the following important railway stations in colonial economy: Kampala to Kasese, Mombasa to Kisumu, Mombasa to Kampala, Dar es Salaam to Mpanda and Tanga to Moshi.
(b) In each item (i-v) there are four sentences which form a complete historical meaning. One sentence is missing. Identify the missing sentence from the sentences given below each item and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) 1. Just like their neighbours Uganda and Tanganyika, the Kenyans resisted the imposition of colonial rule.
2. Here also some local rulers collaborated with the imperialists while others adopted armed action against the enemy.
4. The Mazrui Arabs had earlier disputed the sovereignity of the Sultan of Zanzibar over their territory.
5. In fact, they had hoped that after the departure of Imperial British East African Company in 1893 they might regain their independence.
The next major resistance was staged by Chagga in northern Tanganyika.
The Mazrui dynasty and their supporters along the coast of Kenya led the first armed uprising against British occupation.
The Luyia of the Kavirondo collaborated with British and Germans in South.
The people finally resolved to get rid of this oppression and exploitation in July 1905.
The Masai were not attacked by several natural disasters especially cholera, small pox and rinderpest during the time of resistance.
(ii) 1. The art of making iron was one of the most important discoveries for mans social and economic development.
2. The people who involved themselves in iron industry were called blacksmiths who learned how to identify rocks containing iron ore.
4. In many societies for example, women were not allowed to go near furnaces while iron processing was in progress.
5. African iron smiths were found among the Venda, Mashona, Manganja and people around Kalambo falls.
In the early period the knowledge of iron working was known to every one in a society.
In the early period, the knowledge of iron working was known by men only.
In the early period the knowledge of iron working was kept secret in order to maintain the monopoly of black smiths.
In the early period the knowledge of iron working was confined to African chiefs and their sons.
In the early period the knowledge of iron working was also practiced by the Queens.
(iii) 1. Clan organization was formed by several related families which were early permanent agricultural societies
3. Clan organization developed both in Matrilineal and Patrilineal societies.
4. In Matrilineal societies the clan heritage was based on the mother e.g. the Makonde, Yao and Makua
5. In Patrilineal societies the clan heritage was based on father e.g. the Hehe, Bena and Haya.
The people in the clan organization were governed by grandfathers and mothers.
The people in the clan organization were governed by clan heads.
The people in clan organization were governed by chiefs.
The people in clan organization were governed by the king.
The people in clan organization were governed by all elder people in the clan.
(iv) 1. The UN secretariat headquarters is in New York.
2. It administers peace keeping operations in many countries which are in wars.
3. It implements the decisions of the General Assembly.
4. It mediates international disputes.
It fixes sanctions on the aggressive states.
It takes military actions against aggressors.
It recommends the admission of new members.
It draws annual budget of the UN.
It formulates plans for the establishment of a system to regulate armament.
(v) 1. Peasant agriculture was cultivation of crops by Africans around their homestead.
3. In East Africa this form of production mainly took place in Uganda.
4. The peasants produced coffee and cotton then sold it to the colonialist at low price.
5. In Tanganyika there was a form of peasant agriculture in Buhaya, Kilimanjaro, Tukuyu and Usukuma after 1926.
In East Africa Lord Delamere started opening plantations in Uganda in 1903.
Peasants also grew tea, tobacco, pyrethrum, and rubber using machines and modem ways.
It was production of cash crops in big farms.
There were larger estates which were created through land alienation.
They depended on family labour which used traditional tools like hoes, axes and knives.