THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIANATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION
022 ENGLISH LANGUAGE
(For Both School and Private Candidates Only)
Time: 3 Hours Tuesday, 03rdNovember 2015 p.m.
This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.
Answer all questions in sections A and B? and sections C and D as instructed under each section.
Cellular phones and calculators are not allowed in the examination room.
Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).
SECTION A (10 Marks)
COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY
1. Read the passage below carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Trees play an important role in preserving and protecting our environment. They release oxygen in the air and absorb carbon dioxide. In this way they help to reduce the amount of pollution in the earth’s atmosphere. Trees plays the important role in the water cycle as they release moisture in the atmosphere through their leaves, in turn this helps the formation of clouds which bring rain.
Loss of trees can therefore be a cause of drought. In addition, at times where there is rain, trees can soak up much of the extra water and so, they help to prevent floods. Trees also help to prevent soil erosions, they work like nets trapping soil and stopping it from being washed away. In addition, fallen trees branches and leaves decay on the ground hence making soil more fertile.
An individual tree can be a home to all kinds of tree dwellers animals, mammals, reptiles, birds, insects as well as other plants. In thick forests, millions types of trees can be found. For example, in the tropical rain forest which occupy about 8 percent of earth’s land area are homes to over 50 percent of all animals.
In addition to these benefits, products from trees provide human beings with a thousand of items. Many fruits and seeds are eaten by humans and animals. There is also wood, people do thousands of things with wood. It is used in the construction of both traditional and modern buildings. There is also furniture, such as wardrobes, beds, tables, chairs, doors to mention but a few. All of these items are made of wood.
In streets, there may be all kinds of structures made of wood like signboards, telephone and electricity poles, fences and gates. Wood is also a source of fuel. Generally trees and its advantages touch every human beings and nonhuman beings.
(a) Choose the most correct answer from among the alternatives given and write its letter in your answer booklet.
(i) Trees play an important role in preserving and protecting our environment because
they provide shade on both hot days and shelter on wet days
they protect the environment from pollution and the effect of weather
they provide fruits and seeds which are eaten by only animals
they make the soil fertile by producing oxygen and carbon dioxide
they absorb excessive moisture from the atmosphere.
Choose Answer :
(ii) Trees play an important role in the water cycle by
increasing the amount of moisture in the atmosphere
absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
preserving the soil texture through its leaves
preventing the soil from being washed away
soaking up much of the extra water.
Choose Answer :
(iii) Loss of trees may cause drought because
the soil that is trapped by trees is washed away
there will be no branches and leaves to fertilize the soil
the clouds which bring rains will always be present
the amount of moisture in the atmosphere will be reduced
trees in most cases only prevent rain water.
Choose Answer :
(iv) Why trees are beneficial to humans?
They stop the soil from being washed away
They balance the amount of water in the soil and air
They release water from atmosphere
They provide home to all kinds of animals
They provide fruits, wood and fuel
Choose Answer :
(b) Complete the following sentences with the right information from the passage.
(i) Mention any of the four kinds of species that a tree can accommodate as home _______________.
2. Read and summarize the following passage in five sentences in a single paragraph.
Agriculture is the most commonly activity practiced by human. It involves the cultivation of crops and animal rearing. Agriculture can be done for subsistence or for commercial purposes. Even activities like storage processing and marketing of agricultural products are also regarded as part of agriculture.
Small scale agriculture is practiced on relatively small plots of land to meet both subsistence and commercial needs. It is characterised with the use of elementary tools such as panga and hoes to cultivate. Farmers often plant various crops as well as rearing animals in a single plot of land by using the labour provided with the family members. They also use organic manure from animals.
However, rapid population growth may affect the small scale agriculture as it leads to the reduction of the sizes of farms, overexploitation of the soil which results to soil infertility. It may also change from subsistence farming to commercial farming to meet the needs of the growing population.
Small scale agriculture has some advantages including growing of variety of food crops and rear animals on a single plot for both subsistence and commercial purposes. Farmers also earn income from selling any surplus they may have. The cost of farming is low due to the use of simple tools as well as land being acquired at a little or no cost at all since the land is mainly inherited.
(d) The boy cut a glassedge with a pair of scissors.
7. Read the following paragraph and answer the questions that follow.
My name is Lilian. I live with my family in Tabora. My father is a Secondary School teacher. My mother is an accountant. My elder sister is a police woman. She works at the police headquarters. Uncle Thomas is my father’s brother. He’s a carpenter and a builder. He builds most of the Primary schools in the ward. His wife is a Secretary. Their three sons? Paul, David and Michael are drivers, and electrician and a plumber respectively. Their two daughters Magreth and
Rosemary work at the local hospital. Magreth is a Laboratory assistant and Rosemary is a nurse. Uncle Peter is my mother’s brother. He is a Professor at the University.
Fill in the blank spaces with the correct information from the paragraph.
(a) Lilian’s father occupation is a __________.
(b) Uncle Thomas son who is a driver is called __________.
Answer questions 8, 9 and select any two of the four given alternatives in question 10.
8. Rearrange the following five sentences into a logical sequence to make a meaningful paragraph by writing the corresponding letters in the answer booklet provided. Use the following format for your answers.
A. Eventually the head of the school intervened, situation colmed down and they concentrated on their studies.
B. The head of the advanced secondary schools went for selection of students and they sent admission letters to the successful candidates to join their schools.
C. Form four students finished doing their National Examinations and went home with lots of stories to tell their sister, brothers and parents.
D. When they joined their new schools, they found it a bit difficult to settle down because of being teased and bullied by the old students.
E. NECTA had announced the National Form Four Examination Results.
10. Answer two questions from the four alternatives A, B, C and D.
A. Write an application letter for the following advertised job in the Sunday News, Monday, September 27th , 2015.
A progressive company is looking for a qualified computer technician (1 post) who is conversant with both maintenance and IT. The applicant should be a Form Four Leaver, fluent in English with an experience of not less than 6 months. The applicant should not be above 25 years of age and should be ready to work under pressure. Please include your referees.
All application must be submitted before February 28th, 2016.
B. Imagine that you are the last born in your family of five children. Your parents are celebrating their 50th Anniversary. Your brothers and sisters have chosen you to make a short speech on behalf of them. Write your speech of not less than 250 words.
C. Imagine you are working with Vodacom Tanzania. Vodacom is celebrating its 20th birthday since it was inaugurated. As a public relations officer, you are required to write and invitation card to the selected officials to attend a dinner party. Also outline the
format of writing telephone messages from those who will call for excuses. Use fictitious names.
13. Using two plays you have studied in this section, discuss how some traditions, customs and beliefs contribute to misunderstandings and underdevelopment in a society. Give four points from each play.
14. In literary works, the titles enable the readers to understand the message(s) the writer wants to convey. Verify this statement using two novels or short stories that you have studied in this section.