FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY NECTA 2018

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

013  GEOGRAPHY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours         Tuesday, 06th November 2018 p.m.

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D with a total of twelve (12) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A, B and C and one (1) question from each part of section D.
  3. Map extract of Ilonga (Sheet 265/2) is provided.
  4. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.

SECTION A (25 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section. 
PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY 

1. For each of the items (i) (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)     Which of the following instrument is used to measure maximum and minimum temperature?

  1. Barometer
  2. Thermometer
  3. Anemometer
  4. Sixs thermometer
  5. Hydrometer.
Choose Answer :


(ii)  Which among the following is an extrusive volcanic feature?

  1. Crater
  2. Laccolith
  3. Batholith
  4.  Sills
  5. Dykes.
Choose Answer :


(iii) One of the factors for soil formation is

  1. organic matters
  2. mineral matters.
  3. time.
  4. water.
  5. air.
Choose Answer :


(iv) The layer of the atmosphere which is nearer to the earths surface is called 

  1. troposphere
  2. stratosphere
  3. hydrosphere
  4. mesosphere
  5. thermosphere.
Choose Answer :


(v)   Which among the following is a heavenly body that possesses and transmits its own light? 

  1. Moon
  2. Sun
  3. Earth
  4. Astreroid
  5. Planet.
Choose Answer :


(vi) A region which consists of thick forests, tree dwellers and people who engage in cultivation of rubber, cocoa, bananas and oil palms is known as

  1. Tropical savanna 
  2. Tropical monsoon 
  3. Polar climate 
  4. Mediterranean
  5. Equatorial.
Choose Answer :


(vii) An instrument used to determine Magnetic North is called

  1. Stevenson screen.
  2. Compass.
  3. Thermometer.
  4. Hygrometer
  5. Barometer.
Choose Answer :


(viii)Which of the following is not a process for chemical weathering?

  1. Carbonation
  2. Saltation
  3. Hydrolysis
  4. Hydration
  5. Oxidation.
Choose Answer :


(ix) Which among the following features are produced by wave erosion?

  1. A Geo, wave cut platform and stack
  2. Blow hole, sea arch and levee
  3. Sea arch, beach and stump
  4. Beach, spit and bars.
  5. Tombolo, meander and cliff.
Choose Answer :


(x) If the scale of a map is 1:50,000, what will be the actual ground distance of a river with 18cm on a map?

  1. 9 km
  2.  2 km
  3. 4 km
  4. 8 km
  5.  1 km.
Choose Answer :


2. Match the process involved in the formation of rocks in with the type of rock in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A LIST B
  1. Rocks formed when magma solidifies deep in the crust and can be exposed on the surface by agents of erosion.
  2. Rocks formed when molten magma cools and solidifies inside the rocks of the earth or on the surface of the earth.
  3. Rocks formed as results of deposition and compaction of remains of dead plants and animals.
  4. Rocks formed when different types of rocks are subjected to great heat and pressure.
  5. Rocks formed when sediments are deposited either by water, wind or ice
  1. Crystalline rocks
  2. Igneous rocks
  3. Organic sedimentary rocks
  4. Intrusive volcanic rocks
  5. Extrusive volcanic rocks
  6. Metamorphic rocks
  7. Sedimentary rocks

View Ans


3. (a) Describe the following terms:

  1. Distributaries.
  2. Lagoon.
  3.  Levee.
View Ans


(b) Delta is formed under different conditions. Outline three conditions necessary for its formation.

View Ans


SECTION B (27 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section.

APPLICATION OF STATISTICS, INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH AND  
ELEMENTARY SURVEYING 

  1. Carefully study the following statistical graph showing coffee production (in tonnes) in Tanzania, from 2011 to 2014 and answer the questions that follows

  1. Describe the type of statistical graph used.
  2. View Ans


  3.  Analyse the five procedures involved in constructing such a statistical graph.
  4. View Ans


  5. Giving two points, comment on the differences in coffee production shown in the graph.
  6. View Ans


  7.  Give three advantages of presenting data by using the type of graph described in 4(a).
View Ans


  1. (a) Give three differences between interview and observation.
  2. View Ans


    (b) Outline four merits of library research.View Ans


  3. Explain five importance of survey in daily life.
View Ans


SECTION C (28 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

MAP READING AND PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION 

7. Study the map extract of Ilonga (Sheet 265/2) and answer the following questions:

  1. By using square method, determine the area North western of Luhombero river from grid reference 570963 to 644034.
  2. View Ans


  3. With evidence from the map, name six symbols which have been used to inteprete a given map.
  4. View Ans


  5. Give the direction of Iputi to Ilonga.
  6. View Ans


  7. Describe the settlement pattern of the mapped area.
  8. View Ans


  9. Giving evidences, mention five possible economic activities which might take place in the mapped area.
View Ans


8. Study the following photograph and answer the questions that follow:

  1. Giving two reasons, name the type of photograph.
  2. View Ans


  3. Suggest the type of settlement pattern and give one factor that has influenced it.
  4. View Ans


  5. Suggest two economic activities that might be taking place in the area.
  6. View Ans


  7. Provide three advantages of photographs over maps.
View Ans


SECTION D (20 Marks)

Answer one (I) question from each part.

PART I: REGIONAL FOCAL STUDIES 

  1. Explain five factors which influence the distribution of natural forests in the world.
  2. View Ans


  3. Analyse five ways of promoting textile industry in Tanzania.
View Ans


PART II: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, POPULATION AND SETTLEMENTS 

  1. Describe seven problems associated with rapid urbanization.
  2. View Ans


  3. Examine seven effects of climatic change in the world.
View Ans


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