FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY NECTA 2016

THE U NITED R EPUBLIC O F TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

CERTIFICATE O F S ECONDARY E DUCATION E XAMINATION

013  G EOGRAPHY

(For B oth S chool a nd P rivate Candidates)

Time:3 Hours  Wednesday, 02nd November 2016 p.m.

Instructions

1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.

2. Answer all questions in sections A, B and C and one (1) question from each part of section D.

3. Map extract of Hanang (Sheet 84/4) is provided.

4. Calculators and Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY

1. For e ach o f the i tems ( i) - ( x), c hoose t he correct answer from among the g iven a lternatives and write its letter in the a nswer booklet provided.

(i) The speed of the earth quake waves i n t he earth is c hanged at a line called

  1. Mohorovic discontinuity 
  2. Gutenberg discontinuity
  3. Tectonics 
  4. Tectonics
  5. Isostatic.
Choose Answer :


(ii) Liverpool team scored a goal at 5.00 pm in England (15° W). At what time the goal was scored in Dar es Salaam (45° E)?

  1. 1.00 p.m 
  2. 7.00 p.m 
  3. 9.45 p.m 
  4. 9.00 p.m 
  5. 6.30 a.m.
Choose Answer :


(iii) The sun is overhead attropiof Capricorn every year on

  1. 22nd December
  2. 21st March
  3. 23rd September
  4. 21st June 
  5. 24th March. 

(iv)Dareacheits maximulength on 21st Juni

  1. Southern hemisphere
  2. NortherHemisphere
  3. Arctic Circle
  4. Polar region
  5. Tropic of Capricorn.  
Choose Answer :


(iii) The sun is overhead attropiof Capricorn every year on

  1. 22nd December
  2. 21st March
  3. 23rd September
  4. 21st June 
  5. 24th March. 

(iv)Dareacheits maximulength on 21st Juni

  1. Southern hemisphere
  2. NortherHemisphere
  3. Arctic Circle
  4. Polar region
  5. Tropic of Capricorn.  
Choose Answer :


(v) Which of the following planets have small celestial bodies in orbit a round them?

  1.  Mercury, Jupiter and Uranus 
  2.  Pluto, Earth a nd Mars 
  3.  Earth, Jupiter and Saturn 
  4.  Mercury, Venus and Earth
  5.  Venus, Earth and Saturn.
Choose Answer :


(vi) Deposition of soil materials removed from one horizon to another is called

  1. Convex sided 
  2. Concave sided
  3. Gentle sided resistance 
  4. Steep sided resistant
  5. Steep sided non resistance.
Choose Answer :


(vii) The excessive strong wind blowing across an extensive ocean surface is called

  1.  Tsunami 
  2.  Ocean currents 
  3.  Storm s urge 
  4.  Hurricane 
  5.  Wind.
Choose Answer :


(ix) Rainfall that occurs when the air moves towards a hill or a mountain is called

  1.  cyclonic 
  2.  orographic 
  3.  convectional 
  4.  showers
  5.  typhoon.
Choose Answer :


(x) Mountains can be classified on the basis o f 

  1. their importance 
  2. their s urrounding 
  3. their c omposition 
  4. their formation 
  5. their height.
Choose Answer :


(x) A channel diverging from the main river a nd flowing into the sea or a lake by a separate mouth is called

  1.  tributary 
  2.  stream 
  3.  distributary
  4.  river basin 
  5.  water shade.
Choose Answer :


p>2. Match the items in L ist A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response b esides t he i tem number i n t he answer b ooklet provided.

LIST A LIST B
  1. Water that flows out of the ground.
  2. Water that seep out of rocks and into the rock holes.
  3. Water that enters the rocks of the earth’s surface.
  4. Interaction of water v apour, p recipitation, i nfiltration, r un off, evaporation and condensation.
  5. Water that is saturated in permeable rocks.

  1. Stalagmite
  2. Doline
  3. Water cycle
  4. Artesian basin
  5. Aquifer
  6. Uvula
  7. Spring
  8. Ground water
  9. Juvenile water
  10. Bore holes
  11. Well
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3. (a) Describe discordant drainage s ystem.

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(b) Explain the process of river transport and describe four ways in which a river transports its load.

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5. (a) Point out four objectives of doing research in Tanzania.

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(b) Describe the following terms as used in research:

(i) Case study

(ii) Feasibility s tudy.

(iii) Participatory observation.

(iv) Research hypothesis.

(v) Research problem.

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6. (a) Explain two major forms of measurements in land surveying.

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(b) (i) Define leveling.

(ii) Explain four significances of leveling.

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SECTION C (28 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

MAP READING AND PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION

7. Carefully study the map extract of Hanang (Sheet 84/4) provided and answer the following questions:

(a) Express the map scale as a statement.

(b) Find the bearing of grid reference 720220 to 680180.

(c) Giving three evidences from the map, suggest the climate of the mapped area.

(d) Suggest with evidence, five major economic activities which might take place in the area.

(e) Give four supportive contents of a topographical map provided.

(f) Mention three factors which affected the contents of the map given.

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8. Study the photograph provided below and then answer the questions that follows:

(a) Name the type of photograph.

(b) Give three characteristics of the type of photograph in (a) above.

(c) Explain four possible factors which may cause the loss of biodiversity in the photograph.

(d) Give two economic importance of the area.

(e) In three points, describe the importance of the vegetation shown in the area. 

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SECTION D (20 Marks)

Answer one(1) question from each part.

PART 1: REGIONAL FOCAL STUDIES

9. Evaluate six factors that determine exploitation of minerals in a country.

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10. Explain six factors that hinder development of river transportation in Africa. 

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PARTII: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, POPULATION AND SETTLEMENTS

11. Describe five measures to control floods to the environment.

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12. Analyse eight problems associated with growth of urban settlement.


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