FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY NECTA 2014

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIANATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

013 GEOGRAPHY

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Thursday, 06thNovember 2014 a.m.

Instructions

1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.

2. Answer all questions in sections A, B and C and one (1) question from each part of section D.

3. Map extract of Songwe River (sheet 244/3) is provided.

4. Credit will be given for the use of relevant sketch maps and diagrams.

5. Calculators and cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

6. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)

SECTION A (25 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section.

PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Zeugens and yadangs differ in 

  1.  position of the rock strata
  2.  position of the rock in the slope
  3.  place of formation
  4.  colour of the rock on which they are formed
  5.  the type of the rock on which they are formed.
Choose Answer :


(ii) An old age stage of the river is called

  1.  Valley Stage
  2.  Torrent Stage
  3.  Plain Stage
  4.  Mature Stage E Youthful Stage.
Choose Answer :


(iii) The summer solstice in the northern hemisphere occurs on

  1. 23rd September
  2. 21st September
  3. 22nd December
  4. 21st March
  5. 21st June
Choose Answer :


(iv) A Stevenson’s box is painted by white colour in order to

  1.  improve insulation
  2.  be seen clearly
  3.  decorate it
  4.  allow thermometers to be placed 
  5.  allow movement of air.
Choose Answer :


(v) A stony desert is called

  1.  hamada 
  2.  reg 
  3.  barchan
  4.  erg 
  5.  rock pedestal.
Choose Answer :


(vi) The temperature at Korogwe 950 metres is 24°C. What is the temperature of Kilimanjaro 5895 metres above sea level?

  1.  34°C. 
  2.  5.67°C. 
  3.  18.1°C.
  4.  10.24°C. 
  5.  32°C.
Choose Answer :


(vii) When two lateral forces act away from each other are known as

  1.  horizontal forces
  2.  orogenic forces
  3.  vertical forces
  4.  compression forces 
  5.  tension forces.
Choose Answer :


(viii) Water vapour is turned into water droplets in the process known as

  1.  evaporation 
  2.  convection 
  3.  saturation
  4.  condensation 
  5.  transpiration.
Choose Answer :


(ix) Which of the following features produced by ice action is the result of both erosional and depositional activities?

  1.  Arête. 
  2.  Hanging Valley. 
  3.  Erratic.
  4.  Cirque. 
  5.  Roche Mountonee.
Choose Answer :


(x) The name given to earthquake waves that travel within a crust is

  1.  focus 
  2.  epicentre 
  3.  seismic
  4.  surface waves 
  5.  body waves.
Choose Answer :


2. Match the items in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A LIST B

(i) A mass of magma which has emerged on the earth’s surface.

(ii) A wall like feature formed when magma cuts across a bedding plane.

(iii) A sheet of magma which lies along a bedding plane.

(iv) A very large mass of magma which often forms the root of a mountain.

(v) A dome-shaped feature formed when magma push up the overlaying layers.



  1. Laccoliths 
  2. caldera 
  3. sills
  4. volcano 
  5. lava 
  6. crater 
  7. dyke 
  8. cone let
  9. batholiths
  10. Lava cones

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3. (a) Explain four mechanisms developed by plants in semi arid regions to adapt drought conditions.

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(b) Describe the characteristics of equatorial forest.

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SECTION B (27 MARKS)

Answer all questions this section.

APPLICATION OF STATISTICS, INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH AND ELEMENTARY SURVEYING

4. The table below shows agricultural production in Tanzania from 2000 to 2006 in `000 tonnes.

CROPS

2000

2001

2002

2003

Maize

65

35

60

70

Tobacco

25

30

20

25

Coffee

50

60

45

45

(a) Present the data by using a grouped line graph.

(b) Comment on the nature of production.

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5. (a) What is a research problem?

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(b) Name four sources of research problem.

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(c) Explain four characteristics of research problem.

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6. (a) Define chain survey.

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(b) Give the main use of the following equipments in simple chain survey.

(i) Pegs

(ii) Cross staff

(iii) Arrows

(iv) Tape

(v) Chain

(vi) Ranging rods

(vii) Field sheet

(viii) An optical square.

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SECTION C (28 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

MAP READING AND PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION

7. Study the printed map extract of Songwe River (sheet 244/3), then answer the following questions:

(a) Calculate the area covered by forest in km2 by using grid square method.

(b) Measure the length of railway line form grid references 040118 to 130122.

(c) Describe the nature of the relief of the area.

(d) Name four physical features found on the map.

(e) Giving evidences from the map, suggest three economic activities taking place in the area.

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8. Study the photograph given below and then answer the questions that follow:

(a) With two reasons, identify the type of the photograph.

(b) Identify the type of the settlement pattern seen on the photograph.

(c) Name two economic importances of the area shown on the photograph.

(d) Explain two social and environmental problems that are likely to occur in the area.

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SECTION D (20 MARKS) 

Answer one (1) question from each part.

PART 1: REGIONAL FOCAL STUDIES

9. Suggest eight ways that may be adopted to solve the problems facing forestry in Tanzania.

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10. Explain eight characteristics of shifting cultivation.

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PART II: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, POPULATION AND SETTLEMENT

11. Describe the natural and human causes of loss of biodiversity.

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12. Examine the eight factors which lead to the growth of settlements in different parts of a country.

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