(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 HoursYear: 2021


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of fourteen (14) questions.
  2.      Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries fifteen (15) marks, section B carries forty (40) marks and section C carries forty five (45) marks.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.

(I) What is the formal name for the constituency of elected member of the district council? 

  1. Village
  2. Division
  3. Ward
  4. Municipal
  5. District
Choose Answer :

(ii) The Makonde are famous in Tanzania for their skills in making carvings of various types. How do you characterize such carvings?

  1. Tradition 
  2. Performing art
  3. Arts
  4. Crafts 
  5. Norms
Choose Answer :

(iii) Which one of the following characterise a social responsibility of citizens? 

  1. Citizens paying taxes and duties.
  2. Citizens participation in electing local and national leaders.
  3. Citizens protecting the environment.
  4. Citizens participation in lawful work.
  5. Citizens contesting for leadership position in the society.
Choose Answer :

(iv) In your class there are few students who have developed stress due to fear in taking an examination. How will you advise them to cope with examination stress?

  1. To take some rest before examination.
  2. To eat a lot of food before examination.
  3. To think of different games during examination.
  4. To make some physical exercise during examination.
  5. To spend more time in studying before examination.
Choose Answer :

(v) How do Members of Parliament fulfill their role of legislation?

  1. When they assent bills to become laws
  2. When they enforce laws
  3. When they initiate sectorial policies
  4. When they debate and approve bills
  5. When they give money to people
Choose Answer :

(vi) How do you describe the ancient buildings found in Kaole, Kilwa and Mtwara- Mikindani? 

  1. Archives
  2. Antiquities
  3. Crafts
  4. Arts
  5. Museum
Choose Answer :

(vii) How are non-banking institutions differentiated from banking institutions?

  1. They keep valuable items like gold.
  2. They provide services like insurance and pension.
  3. They mobilize funds from formal and private sectors.
  4. They provide commercial services to the public.
  5. They mobilize savings and transaction for customers.
Choose Answer :

(viii) What are the distinguishing features of economic development?

  1. Increase in gross national product and improvement of the welfare of the people
  2. Increase in income per capita and improvement of social services
  3. Increase in output of economic sectors and improvement of higher education
  4. Increase in agricultural production and improvement in accessibility to safe water
  5. Increase in economic growth and improvement of the medical care
Choose Answer :

(ix) Suppose you are an election observer of the General election in Tanzania. What will guide you in concluding that the election was free and fair?

  1. Registered and non-registered voters allowed to cast their votes
  2. The armed forces supervision of vote tallying
  3. The registrar of political parties supervision of vote tallying
  4. The election to be supervised by the judiciary
  5. The registered voters freely cast their votes through a secret ballot box
Choose Answer :

(x) Why the public holiday falling on the 26th of April each year is politically striking to Tanzanians?

  1. It marks the independence day of Tanganyika.
  2. It marks the union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar.
  3. It marks the overthrow of the Zanzibar sultanate.
  4. It marks the introduction of the multiparty system in Tanzania.
  5. It marks the inclusion of the bill of rights in the United Republic constitution.
Choose Answer :

2. Match the explanations in List A with the leadership style in List B by writing the letter of the correct response besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

List A

List B

(i) A type of leadership which provides opportunity to 
every member in the organization to participate in decision making.

(ii) A type of leadership which denies the people the freedom to participate in decision making.

(iii) A type of leadership which allow members to have 
autonomy and self-rule while the leader offers support and guidance when need arise.

(iv) A type of leadership which influence others through the personality of individual leader, motivate others to move forward and inspire passion.

(v) A type of leadership which fixes official duties under chain of command, whereby decisions are made by seniors while juniors are left to implement.
  1. Bureaucratic leadership
  2. Coaching leadership
  3. Democratic leadership
  4. Dictatorial leadership
  5. Innovative leadership
  6. Lesser-faire leadership
  7. Charismatic leadership Pace setter leadership
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SECTION B (40 Marks) Answer all questions in this section.

3. Suppose you are a Councillor of Mizengwe ward which happens to have serious water shortage. Propose five sources of revenues for the local government authorities which can be used to address the problem.

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4. What are the consequences that may result into the failure of parents to fulfill their responsibilities in the families? (Give five points).

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5. In five points, briefly analyse the positive impacts of economic liberalization policies to the people of Tanzania.

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6. Briefly, explain five challenges in promoting and preserving cultural values in Tanzania.

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7. Using five points, briefly defend the view that 'work is an engine for human development'.

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8. By using five points, briefly defend the usefulness of different forms of art to people's daily life in Tanzania.

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9. Explain briefly, the effects of human rights abuses to a country like Tanzania (Give five

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10. How would you prove the persistence of poverty in Tanzania? (Give five points)

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SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

11. A recent report in one of the newspaper indicated a dreadful situation of the road safety in Tanzania. Suppose you are the Minister for Home Affairs, propose five key measures to improve road safety in the country.

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12. Basing on the recently attained middle income country status of Tanzania, assess the role of the formal sector in spearheading the development of the Tanzanian economy by using five points.

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13. For a democracy to thrive in any country, there are pillars of democracy to be observed. In five points, assess the achievements of Tanzania in broadening the scope of democracy.

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14. Early marriages have been identified as a hindrance to development of a girl child potential in our society. Propose five solutions that can be employed to address the problem of early marriages.

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