FORM TWO GEOGRAPHY NECTA 2019

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA

FORM TWO NATIONAL ASSESSMENT

013 GEOGRAPHY

Duration: 2:30 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS. 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink.
  4. All answers must be written in the space provided.
  5. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) – (ii), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

 

(i) One characteristics of equatorial climate is:-

  1. Low rainfall
  2. Moderate temperature
  3. Low humidity
  4. Thick forest.
Choose Answer :


(ii) The direction to which compass needle points is called

  1. Magnetic north
  2. True north
  3. Grid north
  4. Compass bearing
Choose Answer :


(iii) Cultivation of cash crops based on application of advanced technology is called?

  1. Subsistence agriculture
  2. A large scale agriculture
  3. Mixed system agriculture
  4. A small scale agriculture
Choose Answer :


(iv) The condition of the atmosphere recorded for a short period of time is known as

  1. Climate
  2. Rainfall
  3. Weather
  4. Temperature
Choose Answer :


(v) The four seasons of the year are the result of

  1. Rotation of the earth
  2. Lunar eclipse
  3. Revolution of the earth
  4. Solar eclipse.
Choose Answer :


(vi) The seasonal movement of herdsmen between lowlands and highlands in search of water and pasture is known as

  1. Transhumance
  2. Hunting
  3. Pastoralism
  4. Agriculture
Choose Answer :


(vii) When does the summer solstice in the southern hemisphere occurs?

  1. 21st June
  2. 23rd September
  3. 21st September
  4. 22nd December.
Choose Answer :


(viii) A feature formed as result of a long and fairly narrow stretch of land that extends through plains, hills or mountains is called

  1. Basin
  2. Plateau
  3. Valley
  4. Depression
Choose Answer :


(ix) The winds which blow from the sea to land is called

  1. Wind breeze
  2. See breeze
  3. Land breeze
  4. Ocean current
Choose Answer :


(x) Time increases by 4 minutes for every 1  of longitude when one travels from

  1. North to South
  2. East to South
  3. West to South
  4. West to East.
Choose Answer :


2. Match the items in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

List A

List B

(i)     Moons of the planets.

(ii)  Pieces of hard matter falling from outer space.

(iii) Natural satellites of the earth

(iv) The centre of the solar system.

(v)   Heavenly body that posses and transmit its own light.

  1. Star
  2. Mars
  3. Satellite
  4. Meteors
  5. Sun
  6. Comets
  7. Moon
View Ans


 

3. In each of the following items (i – x), write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.

(i)     Rain gauge is an instrument used to measure the amount of rainfall…… ……

View Ans


(ii)  Crust is the inner most part of the earth……………………

View Ans


(iii) Block Mountains are formed by prolonged denudation……… ……… ……

View Ans


(iii) Block Mountains are formed by prolonged denudation……… ……… ……

View Ans


(v)   Hydrological cycle is a continuous circulation of water from the earth’s surface to the atmosphere…...

View Ans


(vi) Wind is air in motion from low pressure to high pressure area…… ……  …… …….

View Ans


(vii)    Tourism can affect negatively the culture of the host countries…… …… ……….

View Ans


(viii)  The side of the mountain facing the direction of the wind is known as leeward side…… ……

View Ans


(ix) Capital is the only determining factor to improve small scale agriculture in Tanzania…… ……

View Ans


(x)   Scale of the map is the ratio between the distance on the map and the actual distance on the ground……

View Ans


SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

4. (a) Outline five economic resources which are obtained from water bodies

(i)     ………… …………… ………………… ……………

(ii)  …………… ……………… ……………… ………… 

(iii) ………… …………… …………… …………… 

(iv) …………… …………… …………… …………… …

 

View Ans


    (b) Mention five ways of conserving water resources

(i)     ………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(ii)  ………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(iii) …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(iv) …………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(v)   ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

View Ans


     (c) List five major means of transport on land.

(i)     …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(ii)  ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(iii) ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(iv) ……… …… ……………… ………… ……………… ………… 

(v)   …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

View Ans


5. (a) Giving one example, briefly explain four main categories of mountain. 

(i)     …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(ii)  ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(iii) …………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(iv) ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

 

View Ans


    (b) (i) Briefly explain the formation of rift valleys.

……………… …… ………… ………………… ………………  …………… …………… ……………… ……… ……… …… 

View Ans


          (ii) List five rift valley lakes in East Africa.

  • ……………… ………………… ………………… 
  • ……………… ……………… ……………… 
  • ………………… ………………… ………………… 
  • ………………… ………………… ………………… 
  • ………………… ………………… ………………… 
View Ans


6. (a) Outline four features of Linear Scale

(i)     …………… …………………… …………………… 

(ii)  …………………… …………………… ……………… 

(iii) …………………… …………………… ……………… 

(iv) …………………… ……………………… ……………

View Ans


    (b) Briefly describe five essentials of a map

(i)     ……………… ………………… ……………………… 

(ii)  ……………… ………………………… ………………… 

(iii) ……… …………… ……………………… …………

(iv) ……… ………………………… ………………… ……

(v)   ……………… ………………… ………………… …

View Ans


    (c) Sketch symbol used to show the following geographical features on maps.

 (i) Depression

 

(ii) Season swamp

 

View Ans


SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section. 

7. Elaborate five differences between heavy industries and light industries.

View Ans


8. Describe five advantages of natural gas production in Tanzania

View Ans


9. Explain five advantages of tourism industry in Tanzania.

View Ans


10. Describe five problems facing cash crop production in Tanzania.

View Ans


Download Learning
Hub App

For Call,Sms&WhatsApp: 255769929722 / 255754805256

GO TO NECTA EXAMS