1. For each of the following items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter.

(i)Environment refers to:

  1. living and non-living organisms
  2. living organisms, houses and water
  3. all things surrounding human beings
  4. plants, domestic animals and houses
Choose Answer :

(ii)The main source of energy on the earth is:

  1.  wind 
  2. water
  3. the sun 
  4. natural gas
Choose Answer :

(iii)Which of the following occurs when three heavenly bodies are in one line?

  1. Eclipse 
  2.  Solstice
  3.  Equinox 
  4.  Solar system
Choose Answer :

(iv) Which of the following is an advantage of land reclamation?

  1.  Soil fertility 
  2.  Soil erosion
  3.  Increase of land 
  4.  Decrease of production
Choose Answer :

(v) Which of the following is the compass bearing of South West?

  1. 315
  2.  225 0
  3.  045
  4.  135 0
Choose Answer :

(vi) The part of the earth which forms continental crust is called:

  1.  Sima 
  2.  Sial
  3.  Core 
  4.  Crust
Choose Answer :

(vii) The temperature of Pwani which O meters above sea level is 200 Centigrade. What is the approximate temperature for a place 3000 meters above sea level?

  1.  2 0C

  2. 2.5 C

  3. 18 C

  4. 0.2 0 C

Choose Answer :

(viii)The system of growing one dominant crop is called:

  1. sedentary 
  2. monoculture 
  3. mixed farming 
  4. pastoralism
Choose Answer :

(ix) Which among the following are the economic uses of water bodies ?

  1. Domestic and industrial 
  2. Washing and transportation
  3. Industrial and irrigation
  4. Irrigation and drinking
Choose Answer :

(x) Trees with shallow roots which can tolerate salt condition of sea water are called:

  1. coniferous
  2. rainforest
  3. mangroves
  4. thickets
Choose Answer :

2. Match each item in List A with a correct response in List B by writing its letter bellow the number of the corresponding item in the table provided.

  1. Keeping a large number of livestock by moving from one area to another in search of water and pasture.
  2. Grazing of livestock in natural pasture land.
  3. Rearing livestock in an extensive area for commercial purpose.
  4. Seasonal movements of herdsmen between lowland and highlands in search of water and pasture.
  5. Rearing of livestock for production of milk.
  6. Transitional system between total nomadism and sedentary livestock keeping.
  7. Keeping of livestock for meat, hides, and wool.
  8. Rearing of fowls, ducks and geese for meat and eggs.
  9. Keeping a small number of livestock in a shed.
  10. System of rearing of livestock and cultivation of crops.
  1. Poultry farming
  2. Nomadic
  3. Dairy farming
  4. Transhumance
  5. Mono culture
  6. Pastoralism
  7. Mixed farming
  8. Ranching
  9. Agriculture
  10. Beef farming
  11. Sedentary livestock keeping
  12. Semi nomadic

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3.For each of the following statements, write T if the statement is correct and F if the statement is not correct.

(i)Forests are always natural .........

(ii)247.50 represents the NNW direction. . ........

(iii)Sustainable mining does not ensure that minerals serve humans for a long time. .........

(iv)Continental shelf is a long and fairly narrow raised part of ocean floor.

(v)Cultural diversity, wildlife, good climate and landscape may favor development of tourism .........

(vi)Hydrosphere refers to water masses. .........

(vii) The Stevenson screen is painted white to reflect light from the moon.

(viii)Renewable energy resources cannot be finished. .........

(ix)Availability of raw materials is not necessary for development of manufacturing industries.

(x) Rotation of the earth causes difference in time between places. .........

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4. (a) Mention three ways of locating places on maps.

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(b) Name three methods used to measure distance of linear features on a map.

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(c) Giving one example for each, name the three ways of expressing scale of a map.

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(d) Mention three human activities which cause forests destruction.

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5. (a) Distinguish the following terms:

  1.  Solar system and solar energy
  2. Raw materials and manufacturing industries
  3. Map and scale of a map 
  4. Plateau and mountain
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  1. Define lunar eclipse.
  2. Draw a well labelled diagram to show lunar eclipse.
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6. Explain five measures which can be taken to ensure the sustainability of forests in Tanzania.

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7.Describe five negative effects of crop cultivation to the environment.

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8. Describe five uses of petroleum in Tanzania.

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9. Explain six advantages of water bodies to human life.

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10. Elaborate five tourist honeypots found in Tanzania.

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