FORM TWO BIOLOGY NECTA 2013

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATION COUNCIL

BIOLOGY FTNA 2013

i) In Biology experiments are used to test:

  1. facts 
  2. hypotheses
  3.  laws
  4. problems
Choose Answer :


(ii)The basic importance of all laboratory rules is to:

  1. avoid dirt in the laboratory
  2. prevent students from entering the laboratory
  3. reduce accidents in the laboratory
  4. reduce the use of chemicals in the laboratory
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(iii)  A victim of electric shock can be saved from danger of death by giving one of the following First Aid:

  1. pouring a lot of water over the victim
  2. pulling the victim away by hands
  3. removing the victim from the current by using a metallic object 
  4.  turning off the source of electricity
Choose Answer :


(iii)  A victim of electric shock can be saved from danger of death by giving one of the following First Aid:

  1. pouring a lot of water over the victim
  2. pulling the victim away by hands
  3. removing the victim from the current by using a metallic object 
  4.  turning off the source of electricity

(iv)  Which of the following are communicable diseases?

  1. Cancer, gonorrhoea and syphilis
  2. Cholera, gonorrhoea and syphilis
  3. Cholera, kwashiorkor and marasmus
  4. Cholera, marasmus and rickets
Choose Answer :


(iii)  A victim of electric shock can be saved from danger of death by giving one of the following First Aid:

  1. pouring a lot of water over the victim
  2. pulling the victim away by hands
  3. removing the victim from the current by using a metallic object 
  4.  turning off the source of electricity

(iv)  Which of the following are communicable diseases?

  1. Cancer, gonorrhoea and syphilis
  2. Cholera, gonorrhoea and syphilis
  3. Cholera, kwashiorkor and marasmus
  4. Cholera, marasmus and rickets

(v)  Which component of the blood is responsible for transporting oxygen?

  1. Albumin 
  2.  Fibrinogen 
  3.  Haemoglobin
  4. Thrombocyte 
Choose Answer :


(vi)  The whole process of taking in food, digesting it to provide energy for living and material for growth is known as:

  1.  catabolism 
  2. metabolism
  3. nutrition
  4. respiration
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(vii)  The ability of the human body to resist infection by disease- causi micro-organisms is known as:

  1.  immunity 
  2. innoculation
  3. medication 
  4.  vaccination
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(viii)A group of interdependent organisms living in an environment is called:

A.community             

  B. ecology

  C. ecosystem    

 D. population

Choose Answer :


(viii)A group of interdependent organisms living in an environment is called:

A.community             

  B. ecology

  C. ecosystem    

 D. population

(ix)Which of the following mammalian blood vessels contains blood full of oxygen at low pressure?

A.Aorta         

B. Pulmonary artery 

C. Pulmonary vein  

D. Vena cava

Choose Answer :


(x)A person who takes too much carbohydrates and lipids develops:

A.giantism 

B. kwashiorkor

C. marasmus 

D. obesity

Choose Answer :


2.Each of the following statement is either correct or not correct. Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.

(i)All bacteria are harmful. ........

(ii)A person with blood AB has no antigen ... ... ...

(iii)Breathing into a plastic bag stops hiccups . ............

(iv)Lack of roughage in the diet causes constipation ......... 

(v) People living with HIV/AIDS should be stigmatized ..... 

(vi)Plant cells possess cell membranes .........

(vii)Phloem tissues are responsible for the transport of water in vascular plants . 

(viii)The ileum is the first part of the small intestine .. 

(ix)The largest group in the classification system is phylum .. 

(x)Transpiration helps to remove excess water from plants 

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2. Match each item in List A with a correct response in List B by writing its letter bellow the number of the corresponding item in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i)A basic structural and functional unit of life.

(ii)Accumulate in muscles during vigorous exercise

(iii)A part of a cell which controls life processes

(iv)A part of a cell which gives shape and support to the cell.

(v)A product of anaerobic respiration in Plants

(vi)A result of lack of vitamin D

(vii) Deficiency of iodine in the body

(viii) Consists of environment and all its interacting components

(ix) Soil, rocks, weather and water

(x)The living part of an ecosystem

 

 

A. Abiotic component

B. biotic component

C. cell

D. cell membrane

E. cell wall

F. Cytoplasm

G. Ecology

H. Ecosystem

I. Ethanol

J. Goitre

K. Lactic Acid

L. Night Blindness

M. Nucleus

N. Population

O. Rickets

 

 

 

 

 

 

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SECTION B

4.(a) What is classification?

(b)List four advantages of fungi.

(c) Outline two disadvantages of fungi.

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5.(i) What do you understand by the term "laboratory"? (ii) Outline four qualities of a good laboratory.

(b)Mention one function of each of the following apparati:

(i)Petri dish

(ii)Mortar and pestle

(iii)Hand lens

(iv)Thermometer

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6.The diagram below represents the different trophic levels in the ecosystem. Study it and answer the questions that follow.

(a) Mention a trophic level represented by each letter in the diagram. 

(b) Why do the trophic levels form a pyramid shape?

(c) State the role of the organisms in the trophic level represented by the letter E in the diagram.

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7.(a) Define each of the following terms:

(i)Gaseous exchange

(ii)Respiration

(b)Name the respiratory surface for each ofthe following organisms: (i) Insect

(ii)Mammal

(iii)Fish

(iv)Spider

(c) Give a reason for each of the following characteristics of respiratory surfaces:

(i)Have thin walls

(ii)Have large surface area

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8.(a) What is meant by the term "agent of disease"?

(b)Name the agent for each of the following diseases:

(i)Common cold

(ii)Cholera

(iii)Dysentry

(iv)Bilharzia

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9.Use the following guidelines to explain how you will teach people in your community about eating a balanced diet: 

  •  meaning of a balanced diet 
  •  components of a balanced diet 
  •  importance of each component 
  •  deficiency diseases which may result when a person does not eat a balanced diet 
  • two factors which contribute to lack of balanced diet among children in Tanzania.
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  • 10."KEEP THE ENVIRONMENT CLEAN". This slogan emphasizes on maintaining the cleanliness of surroundings of the community through proper waste disposal. Write an essay on the above using the following guidelines:
  • meaning of waste 
  • meaning of waste disposal 
  •  types of wastes 
  •  proper ways of disposing waste 
  •  effects of poor waste disposal
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