FORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAMS SERIES

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED EXAMINATIONS

FORM TWO PRE-FTNA ASSESSMENTS

GEOGRAPHY

CODE: 013

TIME: 2:30 Hours October ,2022

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. This paper consist of section A, B and C
  2. Answer all question in section A.B and C
  3. Answer all questions in the space provided
  4. Cellular phoned, calculators and any computerized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. All writing must be in blue /black ball pen except drawings which must be in pencil
  6. Write your examination number at the top right corner of every page


SECTION A (15 marks)

Answerallquestionfromthissection

  1. For each of the items (i) – (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.
    1. Each planet takes a different amount of time to take one orbit around the sun, because ;


  1. Their size vary from each other
  2. Their orbits are elliptical
  3. They are arranged in series
  4. Their distance from the sun vary
  1. The distance between two crest of water wave is referred tom


  1. Anticline
  2. Syncline
  3. Trough
  4. Wavelength
  1. Pastoralism where animal are given feeds in sheds without making them to go out in the field is known as;


  1. Zero grazing
  2. Nomadic pastoralism
  3. Mixed pastoralism
  4. Ranching


  1. The temperature at Moshi 950m is 24oC .What will be the temperature at Uhuru Peak 5895m above the sea level?


  1. 5.67oC
  2. −8oC
  3. −24oC
  4. 18oC
  1. Which one of the following instrument is not the component of a weather station?


  1. Rain gauge
  2. Wind vane
  3. Microscope
  4. Stevenson screen
  1. The time which is recorded along the same meridian is called?


  1. Local mean time
  2. Greenwich mean time
  3. Great mean time
  4. Standard time
  1. Which scale is the largest among the following;


A. 1:25,000

B. 1:1,1500,000

C. 1:50,000

D. 1:10,000

  1. A someone ascends in altitude ,the temperature tends to;
    1. Decrease and increase

in time

  1. Decrease at the rate of 0.6

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 130

Student's Assessment 

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

REGIONAL ADMINISTRATIVE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

FORM TWO EXAMINATIONS SEPTEMBER 2022

NEW NECTA FORMAT

GEOGRAPHY

TIME: 2:30 Hours

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total often (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and section C.
  3. All writing must be in blue of black ink.
  4. All answers must be written in the space provided.
  5. Cellular phones, calculator and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your examination number at the top right corner of every page.

SECTION A (15 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternative and write its letter in the box provided.

 i.When the spring equinox does occurs?

  1. 3 rdJanuary
  2. 23 rdSeptember 
  3. 21 st march
  4. 4th July ii.
  1. The stretch of land where standard time is accepted throughout a longitudinal zone 15 in width.
    1. Time zone
    2. Greenwich mean time
    3. Standard time
    4. Prime meridian time 
  2. Deflection of wind and daily rising and falling of tides are among the 

effects of?

A. Earth's movement B. Earth's rotation

  1. Earth's revolution 
  2. Aphelion and perihelion

 iv. Ocean water occupies about …... . Percent of the earth's surface,

A. 21

B. 29

C. 71

D .70

  1. The streams that join together to form main streams.
    1. Distributaries
    2. Drainage
    3. Tributaries
    4. River basin
  2. If the temperature at dare s salaam which is at sea level is 320c, what will be the temperature at a place where altitude is 1,500meters?
    1. 0.60c
    2. 230c
    3. 90c
    4. D. 41 0
  1.   Dormant volcanic mountains are those which 

A. Have never experienced eruptions.

  1. Have erupted once but are no longer active
  2. Continue to erupt occasionally
  3. Erupt when there is an earth quake
  1. The region which found between 5and 20North and South of Equator
    1. Savanna grassland
    2. Equatorial region
    3. The hot deserts
    4. Mediterranean climate
  2. If the temperature of station X is 1040F, What is the temperature of the same station in 0C.
    1. 420C
    2.  360C
    3. 21 0
    4. 400C

(x) Isohyets are the lines on a map which join all places with the same

  1. Height above the sea level
  2. Amount of rainfall 
  3.  Atmospheric pressure 
  4. . Natural vegetation
  1. Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

List Å

List B


i. Rocks which allows water to pass through

 ii. Water which originates from precipitation such as snowfall

iii. Water from greater depths of earth's surface as a result of volcanic activity

 iv. The rocks which have pores through which water can filtrate

v. Salt extraction, fishing, sand, seaweeds and decorative items such as corals and sea shells


  1. Porous rocks
  2. Pervious rocks
  3. Permeable rocks
  4. Connate water
  5. Resources from water
  6. Oceanic water
  7. Underground water
  8. Meteoric water
  9. Juvenile water

List A

1

11

111

iv

v

List B














SECTION B (70marks)

Answer all questions in this section

  1. In each of the following items (i-x ), write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.
  1. The moon takes 31 days to make a complete revolution round the earth.
  2. The generation and distribution of electric power in Tanzania is done by DAWASCO.
  3. Isokinetic is the lines on the map joining places with the same wind movements..
  4. Altitude, latitude and ocean current are the factors that affect temperature..
  5. Topographical maps used to express descriptive information such as pressure, temperature and crops..
  6. The differences between weather and climate based on time and area covered..
  7. Always stream channel carries more water in Morogoro region during the dry seasons
  8. The planets are called wandering stars in Greek………………..
  9. Coal, petroleum, oil, natural gas and wind are examples of nonrenewable resources...
  10. Pipelines transport is suitable for carrying water, petroleum and gas.
  1.  (a) List down five techniques used in land reclamation

 (b) Briefly explain three major types of rainfall

(c) Give out four sources of water pollution.

(d)Naturally we believe that the earth rotates on its axis from west to east in an anticlockwise direction through 360with examples describe the evidences that prove that the earth rotates from west to east. Give three points.

 5.   (a) Define the term climate change.

   (b) Give three human causes of climate change

  (c) Briefly describe the impacts of climate change to physical and human environment. Give five

7. (a) What are the values of scale to the map users? Gives three

  1. Which methods can be used to locate position of a place on the map? Mention four.
  2. The distance of the road from Ifakara to Mang’ula is 38 cm. convert the distance in kilometer if the scale used is 1:50000.
  3. Why do you study maps? Give two reasons
  4.  A large scale, medium scale and small scale maps all are the types of map scale.

With examples explain how they are distinguished by one to another. Give two reasons.

   8. The Form Two students 'Were very happy to visit a place where a process of extracting valuable     geological substance from the crust was taking place.

(a) How is the process taking place in the area called?

(b) List three possible types of valuable geological substance found in the area.

(c) Describe three main methods of extracting those valuable geological substances in the area.

(d) Outline five possible environmental hazards caused by the process taking place in the area

9. Elaborate five differences between heavy industries and light industries.

SECTION C (15 Marks)

10. Describe six consequences of water shortage to the communities.


LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 117

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

ANNUAL EXAMINATION

FORM TWO

        GEOGRAPHY

       013                                                

TIME: 2:30 HOURS                                                                               May , 2022

image

Instructions

1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2. Answer all questions from sections A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.

3. Section A carries twenty five (25) marks, section B forty five (45) marks and section C carries thirty (30) marks.

4. All answers must be written in the spaces provided.

5. All writings must be in blue or black ink except for drawings which must be in pencil.

6. All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the Examination Room. 

7. Write Your Examination Number on the top right of every page.

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

 

1. Each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter in the space provided.


(i) What are the basic components of a map?

  1. Title, key, compass direction, margin and scale 
  2. Conversion table, north direction, contour and key
  3. Topography, map scale, key and margin
  4. Grid north, true north and magnetic north

(ii) The following are the measures to improve small scale agriculture in Tanzania except;

  1.  provision of soft loans for improved investment in agriculture.
  2. encouraging famers to adopt plantation agriculture in rural areas.
  3. educating farmers on good farming techniques.
  4. establishment of cooperatives that can assist farmers.

(iii) A scale of the map which is expressed as one centimeter on the map represents one kilometer on ground is called

  1. Representative fraction 
  2. Linear scale
  3. Linear scale 
  4. Small scale

(iv) Which set among the following shows the long-term observations of a climate of a place?

  1. Precipitation, humidity, temperature and wind 
  2. Wind, air-mass, mist, fog and temperature
  3. Mist, dew point, wind speed and wind direction
  4. Wind direction, precipitation, humidity and air-mass

(v) Cultivation of cash crops based on application of advanced technology is called?

  1.    Subsistence agriculture
  2.     A large scale agriculture
  3.     Mixed system agriculture
  4.    A small scale agriculture

(vi) When does the summer solstice in the southern hemisphere occurs?

  1.    21st June
  2.     23rd September
  3.     21st September
  4.    22nd December.

(vii) Time increases by 4 minutes for every 1  of longitude when one travels from

  1.    North to South
  2.     East to South
  3.     West to South
  4.    West to East.

(viii)Which type of mountains results from the eruption of molten rocks from the earth interior?

  1.  Volcanic mountains 
  2. Block mountains 
  3. Residual mountains 
  4. Fold mountains

(ix)Which type of climate among the following is different from the other?

  1.  Mediterranean 
  2.  Savanna
  3.  Hot desert 
  4.  Equatorial

(x)Which one of the following features are correct set of the ocean floor?

  1.  Ridge, basin, plateau and waterfall. 
  2.  Continental shelf, basin and waterfall.
  3.  Trench, continental shelf and continental slope.
  4.  Horst, plain and volcano.

2. Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B
 

  1. A line where a date is changed or where calender days begin.
  2. The time when the length of day and night are equal over all places on the earths surface.
  3. The phenomena which occur when the moon passes between the sun and the earth.
  4. The arrangement of the planets and solid objects in space in relation to the sun.
  5. The lines used in plotting routes for ships crossing large stretches of ocean waters and aircraft.
  1. Great circles
  2. Solar system
  3. Solar eclipse
  4. Moon eclipse
  5. Revolution of the sun
  6. International Date Line
  7. Equinox


 

3 .In each of the following items (i) - (x), write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.

(i)Ocean trenches are also known as submarine plateaus ....

(ii)Equator is not the Great Circle ...

(iii)An eclipse is described as partial when only a part of heavenly body is obscured .........

(iv)Maximum thermometer records both maximum temperature with a day........

(v)Grid reference and bearing are used to determine the position of a place on a map ....

(vi)A scale helps map interpreters to calculate distance, area and computation of other facts....

(vii)Ocean currents are set in motion by prevailing winds .........

(viii)Juvenile water is also referred as underground water .........

(ix)Circumnavigation of the earth is not among the evidence to prove that the earth is spherical......

(x)Uncontrolled deforestation does not expose soil to erosion and extinction of fauna and flora species ..„.

 

 

SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

4. The students were watching a video program showing the earth's surface in Tanzania which was irregular. Difference in altitudes and slope give rise to different features and human activities observed in the video program.

(a) Outline five possible features observed by the students.

(b) By giving an example, mention major types of water bodies observed.

(c) Give an example of the main natural basin on the earth's surface observed by the students in the video program

(d) Name four possible types of a large and elevated part of the earth's surface that rise from greater height the students observed.

5. (a) Outline five economic resources which are obtained from water bodies

(i)     ………… …………… ………………… ……………

(ii)  …………… ……………… ……………… ………… 

(iii) ………… …………… …………… …………… 

(iv) …………… …………… …………… …………… …

 (b) Mention five ways of conserving water resources

(i)     ………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(ii)  ………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(iii) …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(iv) …………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(v)   ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

 (c) List five major means of transport on land.

(i)     …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(ii)  ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(iii) ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(iv) ……… …… ……………… ………… ……………… ………… 

(v)   …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

 

5. Study the sketch map provided and answer the questions that follow:

  1. Name the type of scale which has been used to represent this map.
  2.  Mention three ways which can be used to measure the distance of the road in the sketch map.
  3. Briefly describe three important basic components of a map.
  4.  Convert the given scale into a statement.
  5.  Mention three methods which can be used to calculate the area of the forest shown on the sketched map.

 

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

7. Elaborate five problems facing the development of mining industry in Tanzania.

8. Explain five measures which can be taken to ensure the sustainability of forests in Tanzania.

9. Write a short essay about problems which face the development of the transport sector in Tanzania.

10. What are the negative results of tourism in Tanzania?

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 98

PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

MID TERM ONE EXAMINATIONS 

        GEOGRAPHY FORM TWO

       013                                                                      

TIME: 2:30 HOURS                                                         MARCH 2022

image

                                                                                     

Instructions

1.      This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2.      Answer all questions from sections A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.

3.      Section A carries twenty five (25) marks, section B forty five (45) marks and section C carries thirty (30) marks.

4.      All answers must be written in the spaces provided.

5.      All writings must be in blue or black ink except for drawings which must be in pencil.

6.      All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the Examination Room. 

7.      Write Your Examination Number on the top right of every page.

FOR EXAMINER’S USE ONLY

QUESTION

NUMBER

SCORE

EXAMINER’S INITIALS

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

TOTAL 

 

 

CHECKER’S INITIALS

 

 

SECTION A: (25 Marks)Answer all questions in this section

1.      Each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter in the space provided.

 

(i)                 Branch of Geography dealing with field study, statistics, mapping and surveying is called:

A.    Physical geography

B.     Human and economic geography

C.     Practical geography 

D. Environmental geography.

 

(ii)              When the Earth is at its aphelion in early July, the distance from the sun is about:

A.    500,000,000 km

B.     5,500,000 km

C.     4,800,00 km

 D. 1,500,000 km.

 

(iii)            The amount of humidity existed in air is measured by instrument called:

A.    Barometer

B.     Hygrometer

C.     Hydrometer

D.    Agrometer.

 

(iv)             In temperature regions of the world life in mountain and plateau areas is difficult due to:

A.    There is high temperature throughout the year

B.     There is thin soils, cool climate and difficult and communication 

C.     There is heavy wild animals and high rainfall 

D.There is no efficient power and water supply.

 

(v)               The map of school compound or small village is drawn to:

A.    Large scale

B.     Small scale

C.     Medium scale

D.    Secondary section of the scale.

 

(vi)             Quarrying, hunting, fishing and lumbering is referred to:

A.    Secondary activities

B.     Tertiary activities

C.     Quaternary activities

D.    Primary activities.

(vii)          In Africa most farmers leave idle the exhausted piece of land for a certain period of time in order to regain its fertility, this agricultural technique is called:

A.    Bush fallowing

B.     Shifting cultivation 

C. Sedentary farming

D. Aquaculture.

 

(viii)        Africa has potential river development projects which are multipurpose schemes, since they provide irrigation schemes, flood control, water supply in both industries and domestic and Hydro Electrical power generation centres.The following are prominent H.E.P centres of East Africa, except:

A.    Kihansi and Owen falls

B.     Nyumba ya Mungu and Inga dams

C.     Hale and Mtera dams

D.    Kidatu and Seven forks in Tana river

 

(ix)             Which sequence of the following processes is necessary for the formation of rainfall?

A.    Condensation, cooling and evaporation

B.     Evaporation, cooling and condensation

C.     Evaporation, sedimentation and cooling

D.    Evaporation, condensation and cooling.

 

(x)               What is compass bearing of WNW?

A.    270o 

B. 337o 

C. 315o

D. 327o

 

2.      Match each item in LIST A with responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided:

LIST A

LIST B

(i)       Are continuous stretches of comparatively flatland not rising much above sea level 

(ii)    Is a major landmass rising from the ocean floor

(iii)  Extensive high altitude areas with more or less uniform summit levels 

(iv)   Is a form of natural or artificial depression or hollow varying in size on the Earth’s surface.

(v)     Long narrow depression or trough in the central part formed between two parallel faults

A.    Continent

B.     Mountain

C.     Basin

D.    Crater

E.     Plains

F.      Rift valley 

G.    Plateau

Answers:

LIST A

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

LIST B

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.      In each of the following items (i) – (x), write True if the statement is correct or False if the statement is not correct.

(i)  All meridians and the equator form great circle. .............................................

(ii)  Ranching is a practice of rearing livestock with the aim of not producing meat, milk, wool and hides for commercial purposes.  _

(iii)  The moon appears to rise in the East and set in the West because the earth spins from West to East.    

(iv)    Sea Breeze occurs during the day because sea water creates high pressure region in contrast to the land which develops low pressure during the day time.  

(v)  Large scale livestock farming is also known as zero grazing.  

(vi)  A map showing distribution of natural and manmade features is known as topographical map. 

(vii)  Exploitation of natural gases in Tanzania is only done by public companies.   

 (viii) The desert conditions are characterized by scanty vegetation and rainfall.   

(ix)  Air transport is not affected by adverse weather conditions.     

(x)  The flow of water over the ground is known as run-off.           

SECTION B: (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

4.(a)  “Geography” can be defined as the study of the distribution and interrelationship of  phenomena in relation to the earth’s surface. Briefly explain how geography relates    with:

(i)  Biology

 

4.            (ii)  Commerce

 

    (b) Explain the economic importance of studying geography:

(i)  ................................................................................................................................               

(ii)  ...............................................................................................................................

 (iii) ............................................................................................................................

 (iv) ............................................................................................................................

(v)  ..............................................................................................................................

5.            Carefully study the climatic characteristics of station X and answer the equations that       follow: 

Climatic characteristics:

      Annual range of temperature is very small about 2oC.

      Total rainfall ranges form 1500mm to 3,000mm per year with no distinct dry season.

      The type of rainfall is convectional rainfall accompanied by lightening and thunderstorms.

      High humidity through the year. 

QUESTIONS:

(i)   Identify the type of climate in station X. ____________________________ (ii)   List any three (3) crops which can be grown in station X.

(a)           ________________________________________________________

(b)           ________________________________________________________

(c)           ________________________________________________________

 

5.          (iii)     In which part of Africa this climate is found?

(a)               ___________________________________________________________

(b)               __________________________________________________________        (iv)     Mention two (2) main economic activities taking place in this station:

(a)   ______________________________________________________________

(b)   ______________________________________________________________

 

6.          Study carefully sketch map of MAFIGA provided and answer the questions that follow:  

image

MAP OF MAFIGA:

6.          (a)        Calculate are covered by Lake Sutlej in kilometer square

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

(b)               Measure the length of road from point A to point B. (Answer in km)

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________


 

_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

(c)               Mention two (2) economic importance of the feature found eastern side of the      map:

(i)                 ________________________________________________________

(ii)              ______________________________________________________________

 

(d)               Identify the feature found at grid reference 750130:

                            The feature is

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

(e)               Name two (2) man made features shown on a map.

(i)                 ________________________________________________________

(ii)              ________________________________________________________

SECTION C: (30 Marks)Answer two (2) questions in this section

7.      The types of human activities are always related to the type of settlement. Elaborate four

(4) importance of human activities.

8.      Explain why electricity is preferable source of power than fuel wood (Give five points)

9.      Suggest any four (4) ways in which the tourism sector can be used to generate more income in Tanzania.

10.  Outline five (5) ways of reducing industrial pollution in the world.

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LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 90

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED  SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

ANNUAL  EXAMINATION

FORM TWO

        GEOGRAPHY

       013                                                

TIME: 2:30 HOURS                                                         November, 2021

image

Instructions

1.This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2.Answer all questions from sections A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.

3.Section A carries twenty five (25) marks, section B forty five (45) marks and section C carries thirty (30) marks.

4.All answers must be written in the spaces provided.

5.All writings must be in blue or black ink except for drawings which must be in pencil.

6.All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the Examination Room. 

7.Write Your Examination Number on the top right of every page.

FOR EXAMINER’S USE ONLY

QUESTION

NUMBER

SCORE

EXAMINER’S INITIALS

1



2



3



4



5



6



7



8



9



10



TOTAL 



CHECKER’S INITIALS


SECTION A: (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

1.Each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter in the space provided.

(i)Branch of Geography dealing with field study, statistics, mapping and surveying is called:

A.Physical geography

B.Human and economic geography

C.Practical geography 

D. Environmental geography.

(ii)When the Earth is at its aphelion in early July, the distance from the sun is about:

A.500,000,000 km

B.5,500,000 km

C.4,800,00 km 

D. 1,500,000 km.

(iii)The amount of humidity existed in air is measured by instrument called:

A.Barometer

B.Hygrometer

C.Hydrometer

D.Agrometer.

(iv)In temperature regions of the world life in mountain and plateau areas is difficult due to:

A.There is high temperature throughout the year

B.There is thin soils, cool climate and difficult and communication

C.There is heavy wild animals and high rainfall D.There is no efficient power and water supply.

(v)The map of school compound or small village is drawn to:

A.Large scale

B.Small scale

C.Medium scale

D.Secondary section of the scale.

(vi)Quarrying, hunting, fishing and lumbering is referred to:

A.Secondary activities

B.Tertiary activities

C.Quaternary activities

D.Primary activities.

(vii)In Africa most farmers leave idle the exhausted piece of land for a certain period of time in order to regain its fertility, this agricultural technique is called:

A.Bush fallowing

B.Shifting cultivation 

C. Sedentary farming

D. Aquaculture.

(viii)Africa has potential river development projects which are multipurpose schemes, since they provide irrigation schemes, flood control, water supply in both industries and domestic and Hydro Electrical power generation centres.The following are prominent H.E.P centres of East Africa, except:

A.Kihansi and Owen falls

B.Nyumba ya Mungu and Inga dams

C.Hale and Mtera dams

D.Kidatu and Seven forks in Tana river

(ix)Which sequence of the following processes is necessary for the formation of rainfall?

A.Condensation, cooling and evaporation

B.Evaporation, cooling and condensation

C.Evaporation, sedimentation and cooling

D.Evaporation, condensation and cooling.

(x)What is compass bearing of WNW?

A.270o 

B. 337o 

C. 315o

D. 327o

2.Match each item in LIST A with responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided:

LIST A

LIST B

(i)Are continuous stretches of comparatively flatland not rising much above sea level 

(ii)Is a major landmass rising from the ocean floor

(iii)Extensive high altitude areas with more or less uniform summit levels 

(iv)Is a form of natural or artificial depression or hollow varying in size on the Earth’s surface.

(v)Long narrow depression or trough in the central part formed between two parallel faults

A.Continent

B.Mountain

C.Basin

D.Crater

E.Plains

F.Rift valley 

G.Plateau

Answers:

LIST A

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

LIST B






3.In each of the following items (i) – (x), write True if the statement is correct or False if the statement is not correct.

(i)All meridians and the equator form great circle. ____________________________

(ii)Ranching is a practice of rearing livestock with the aim of not producing meat, milk, wool and hides for commercial purposes.  ____________________________

(iii)The moon appears to rise in the East and set in the West because the earth spins from West to East.          _________________________

(iv)Sea Breeze occurs during the day because sea water creates high pressure region in contrast to the land which develops low pressure during the day time.    _________

(v)Large scale livestock farming is also known as zero grazing.   _________________    

(vi)A map showing distribution of natural and manmade features is known as topographical map.                ________________

(vii)Exploitation of natural gases in Tanzania is only done by public companies.            

 (viii) The desert conditions are characterized by scanty vegetation and rainfall.   

    _________________

(ix)Air transport is not affected by adverse weather conditions.     _________________

(x)The flow of water over the ground is known as run-off.           _________________

SECTION B: (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

4.(a)  “Geography” can be defined as the study of the distribution and interrelationship of  phenomena in relation to the earth’s surface. Briefly explain how geography relates    with:

(i)  Biology

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

4.(ii)  Commerce

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________

_____________________________________________________________________

    (b) Explain the economic importance of studying geography:

(i)_______________________________________________________________

                         _______________________________________________________________

(ii)_______________________________________________________________

                         _______________________________________________________________

(iii)_______________________________________________________________

                           ______________________________________________________________

(iv)______________________________________________________________

(v)______________________________________________________________

                           ______________________________________________________________

5.Carefully study the climatic characteristics of station X and answer the equations that       follow: 

Climatic characteristics:

•Annual range of temperature is very small about 2oC.

•Total rainfall ranges form 1500mm to 3,000mm per year with no distinct dry season.

•The type of rainfall is convectional rainfall accompanied by lightening and thunderstorms.

•High humidity through the year. 

QUESTIONS:

(i)   Identify the type of climate in station X. ____________________________ 

(ii)   List any three (3) crops which can be grown in station X.

(a)________________________________________________________

(b)________________________________________________________

(c)________________________________________________________

5.(iii)     In which part of Africa this climate is found?

(a)___________________________________________________________

(b)__________________________________________________________       

 (iv)     Mention two (2) main economic activities taking place in this station:

(a)______________________________________________________________

(b)______________________________________________________________

6.Study carefully sketch map of MAFIGA provided and answer the questions that follow:  

image

MAP OF MAFIGA:

6.          (a)        Calculate are covered by Lake Sutlej in kilometer square

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

(b)Measure the length of road from point A to point B. (Answer in km)

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________


_______________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

(c)Mention two (2) economic importance of the feature found eastern side of the      map:

(i)________________________________________________________

(ii)______________________________________________________________

(d)Identify the feature found at grid reference 750130:

                            The feature is

_______________________________________________________________

_______________________________________________________________

(e)Name two (2) man made features shown on a map.

(i)________________________________________________________

(ii)________________________________________________________

SECTION C: (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions in this section

7.The types of human activities are always related to the type of settlement. Elaborate four

(4) importance of human activities.

8.Explain why electricity is preferable source of power than fuel wood (Give five points)

9.Suggest any four (4) ways in which the tourism sector can be used to generate more income in Tanzania.

10.Outline five (5) ways of reducing industrial pollution in the world.

___________________________________________________________________________ _16px;">___________________________________________________________________________


LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 76

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM TWO-AUG/SEPT-2021

Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.    This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.    Answer all questions in section A and B and TWO questions from section C.
  3.    Section A carries 25 marks, section B 45 marks and section C 30  Marks
  4.    All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.    All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.    Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (35 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1.    For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.

(i)The planet which is known to support life is the:

  1.  sun 
  2.  moon
  3.  earth 
  4.  mercury

(ii)The grid reference of station X is 261582. What are the numbers of the Eastings and the Northings?

  1.  583 are Eastings and 261 are Northings
  2.  158 are Eastings and 262 are Northings
  3.  582 are Northings and 261 are Eastings
  4.  651 are Northings and 582 are Eastings

(iii)The structure of the earth is composed of:

  1.  carbon and sodium
  2.  crust, mantle and core
  3.  silicon and alumina 
  4.  sima and sial


(iv)Which of the following tropical climates has the largest diurnal temperature range?

  1.  Tropical monsoon
  2.  Hot deserts
  3.  Mediterranean
  4.  Cold deserts


(v)A representative scale of can be represented by a statement scale of:

  1.  0.5 to 2.5 km
  2.  2cm to 25 km
  3.  one cm to 2.5 km
  4.  One cm to 250,000 cm

(vi)The time when the sun is overhead on latitude 23½0S or 3½0N is called:

  1.  Solstice
  2.  Aphelion
  3.  Equinox 
  4.  Tropic of Cancer

(vii)Wind blows from:

  1.  highlands to lowlands
  2.  lowlands to highlands
  3.  low pressure areas to high pressure areas 
  4.  high pressure areas to low pressure areas

(viii) The relative humidity of a region is low when:

  1.  The wet and dry bulb thermometers read the same
  2.  The difference between the readings of wet and dry bulb thermometers is large
  3.  The temperatures are high 
  4.  The temperatures are low

(ix) Metallurgical industries deal with:

  1.  machinery
  2.  jewellery
  3.  textile
  4.  food products

(x) Hot deserts are characterized by:

  1.  small range of temperature
  2.  two peaks of annual rainfall
  3.  large range of temperature
  4.  high temperature during the day and night.

2. Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the number of corresponding item in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. The movement of the earth around the sun.
  2. It occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth
  3. The angular distance north or south of equator.
  4. Occurs on 2 1st June when the sun is vertically overhead on the Tropic of Cancer.
  5. Divides the earth into two equal hemispheres.
  1.  Rotation of the earth
  2.  Latitude
  3.  Winter solstice
  4.  Lunar eclipses
  5.   Revolution Equator
  6.   Solar eclipses
  7.  Summer solstice

3.Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct against each of the following statements.

(i)Agulhas is a good example of a warm current. .......

(ii)Pests and diseases are not common problems facing the farmers in Tanzania. .........

(iii)The Earth rotates from East to West......

(iv)Transportation involves the movement of goods, people and services from one place to another. .........

(v)The energy produced due to the movement of water is biogas. .........

(vi)A key acts as a dictionary of a map. .........

(vii)Salinity ofthe ocean water varies from place to place due to the different rates of evaporation. .........

(viii)Seasons are the result of earth rotation. .........

(ix)All latitudes are great circles. .........

(x)The main crop produced in Gezira irrigation scheme in Sudan is cotton.......

SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

4.(a) Outline five importance of human activities

(b) Mention the characteristics of small scale Agriculture


5. (a) Define the following terms as used in Geography:

(i)Agriculture

(ii)Topographical map

(b) List two conditions necessary for establishing Hydro-Electric Power.


6. Explain the achievements that were brought by the Tennessee Valley Authority in North America.

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section. 

7. (a) Carefully study the climatic data given for station X and then answer the questions that follow:

Month

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Temp °C

30

30

30

31

32

38

37

37

35

34

31

30

RAINFALL (mm)

10

20

26

15

8

0

0

0

12

18

15

10

(i) Calculate the annual range of temperature.

(ii) Determine the annual rainfall.

(iii) Calculate the mean annual temperature.

(iv) What type of climate does station X experience? Give reasons.

(v) Suggest the hemisphere in which station X is located.

(b)Study carefully the map provided below, then answer the questions that follow.

8.Describe five problems facing transportation industry in East Africa


9. Explain five problems that are facing the Rufiji basin project in Tanzania.


10. Explain how forests are endangered in Tanzania and suggest measures that can save them.

(i)List twoways used by this map to express the scale.

(ii)Give the indicators from the map which shows lowland and highland.

(iii)Why is the railway line not straight from grid reference 260144 to 200144?

(iv)Measure the length of the railway line from grid reference 260144 to 200120.

(v)Calculate the area covered by the swamp. Give your answer in square kilometres.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 67

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHYTERMINALEXAMINATION

FORM TWO-2021

 Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.            This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.            Answer all questions in section A and B and TWO questions from section C.
  3.            Section A carries 25 marks, section B 45 marks and section C 30  Marks
  4.            All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.            All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.            Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (35 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.

(i) The direction to which compass needle points is called

  1.  Magnetic north
  2.  True north
  3.  Grid north
  4.  Compass bearing

(ii) The condition of the atmosphere recorded for a short period of time is known as

  1.  Climate
  2.  Rainfall
  3.  Weather
  4.  Temperature

(iii) The four seasons of the year are the result of

  1.  Rotation of the earth
  2.  Lunar eclipse
  3.  Revolution of the earth
  4.  Solar eclipse.

(iv) The winds which blow from the sea to land is called

  1.  Wind breeze
  2.  See breeze
  3.  Land breeze
  4.  Ocean current

(v)Which type of mountains results from the eruption of molten rocks from the earth interior?

  1.  Volcanic mountains 
  2. Block mountains 
  3. Residual mountains 
  4. Fold mountains

(vi)Which one of the following instrument is not the component of a weather station?

  1.  Rain gauge 
  2.  Wind vane
  3.  Microscope 
  4.  Stevenson screen

(vii)The height above the sea level is called:

  1.  Altitude 
  2.  Contour
  3.  Latitude 
  4.  Ocean

(viii)Which one of the following are block mountains?

  1. Usambara, Sinai and Himalaya.
  2. Andes, Atlas and Usambara.
  3. Usambara, Ruwenzori and Sinai.
  4. , Uluguru and Usambara.

(ix)A scale of a map is said to be enlarged when:

  1. its denominator is increased
  2. its denominator and numerator are the same
  3. its denominator is reduced
  4. its numerator is increased

(x)The process whereby water vapour is turned into water droplets is called:

  1. evaporation
  2. condensation
  3. saturation
  4. transpiration

2.Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST

  1. A line where a date is changed or where calender days begin.
  2. The time when the length of day and night are equal over all places on the earths surface.
  3. The phenomena which occur when the moon passes between the sun and the earth.
  4. The arrangement of the planets and solid objects in space in relation to the sun.
  5. The lines used in plotting routes for ships crossing large stretches of ocean waters and aircraft.
  1. Great circles
  2. Solar system
  3. Solar eclipse
  4. Moon eclipse
  5. Revolution of the sun
  6. International Date Line
  7. Equinox

3.

  1. The continent that is crossed by both tropics of Cancer and Capricorn is Africa .:........
  2.  side of mountain that faces the direction of the wind is known as leeward side .......
  3. Steroids are solid heavenly bodies revolving around the sun mostly between Mars and Jupiter ......
  4. (iii)An eclipse is described as partial when only a part of heavenly body is obscured .........
  5. (iv)Maximum thermometer records both maximum temperature with a day........
  6. (v)Grid reference and bearing are used to determine the position of a place on a map ....
  7. A dormant volcano is one that still experiences periodical eruptions
  8. The rotation of the earth results into four seasons of a year .........
  9.  Any circle which divides a globe into hemispheres is known as great circle ..........
  10. The Stevenson screen is painted white to reflect light from the moon.

SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

4. (a) Giving one example, briefly explain four main categories of mountain. 

(i)     …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(ii)  ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(iii) …………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(iv) ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

    (b)  Briefly explain the formation of rift valleys.

……………… …… ………… ………………


5. (a) Outline four features of Linear Scale

(i)     …………… …………………… …………………… 

(ii)  …………………… …………………… ……………… 

(iii) …………………… …………………… ……………… 

(iv) …………………… ……………………… ……………


    (b) Briefly describe five essentials of a map

(i)     ……………… ………………… ……………………… 

(ii)  ……………… ………………………… ………………… 

(iii) ……… …………… ……………………… …………

(iv) ……… ………………………… ………………… ……

(v)   ……………… ………………… ………………… …

6. Study the sketch map provided and answer the questions that follow:

  1. Name the type of scale which has been used to represent this map.
  2.  Mention three ways which can be used to measure the distance of the road in the sketch map.
  3. Briefly describe three important basic components of a map.
  4.  Convert the given scale into a statement.
  5.  Mention three methods which can be used to calculate the area of the forest shown on the sketched map.

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section. 

7.(a) Outline five evidences to verify that the Earth is spherical.

(b) Differentiate the following terms:

 (i) Meteors and satellites

 (ii) Sea and lake

8.(a) Outline four ways of determining direction of a place on a map.

9. Describe five factors which enhance a conducive environment for generation of energy.

10.Describe five negative effects of crop cultivation to the environment.


(b) List four features of the Representative Fraction (RF) scale.

(c) Suggest two ways of measuring areas with irregular shapes.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 60

                                                              Student’s Examination No._____________________________

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION-MARCH

FORM TWO-2021

 Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.  This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.  Answer all questions in section A and B and TWO questions from section C.
  3.  Section A carries 25 marks, section B 45 marks and section C 30  Marks
  4.  All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.  All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.  Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (35 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.

  1. The Grid reference of station X is 612825. What are the numbers of Eastings and the Northings?
  1. 825 are Northings and 612 are Eastings
  2. 612 are Northings and 825 are Eastings
  3. 282 are Northings and 612 are Eastings
  4. 825 are Northings and 216 are Eastings

(ii) People living in Tanga see the sun earlier than in Kigoma. What does this fact indicate? 

  1. People in Kigoma sleep longer
  2. The earth rotates from East to West
  3. The earth rotates from West to East
  4. There are many hills and mountains in Kigoma

(iii) If it is 3.00 p.m. at Bukoba 33oE in Tanzania. What will be the time at Tehran 50oE in Iran?

  1.        10:00 a.m.
  2.         4:08 p.m.
  3.         4:32 p.m.
  4.        10:00 p.m.

(iv) Morogoro at 800m above sea level has a temperature reading of 28oC. Determine the temperature of Karatu which is located at 1400 metres above sea level.

  1. 31.6oC.
  2. 3.6oC.
  3. 24oC.
  4. 24.4oC.

(v) The side of a mountain facing the direction of  the wind is known as

  1. Leeward side.
  2. Fore side.
  3. Backward side.
  4. Windward side.

(vi) A ship moves to the West and crosses the International Date Line. What happens with regard to time gained or lost?

  1. No time is gained or lost.
  2. One whole day is lost.
  3. One whole day is gained.
  4. One whole day is repeated.

(vii) The four seasons which occur on the earth’s surface are the result of 

  1. Rotation of the earth.
  2. Ferel’s law.
  3. The tilting of the earth on its own axis.
  4. Revolution of the earth.

(viii) Which of the following is the smallest scale? 

  1. 1: 100,000
  2. 1: 10,000
  3. 1: 25,000
  4. 1: 50,000

(ix) Which of the following give the proof that the earth is spherical in shape?

  1. Circumnavigation of the earth, solar eclipse and lunar eclipse.
  2. Ship’s visibility, lunar eclipse and aerial photograph.
  3. Great circles, longitudes and small circles.
  4. Lunar eclipse, the planets and the earth’s orbit.

(x) What is the compass bearing of North North West (NNW)?

  1. 337½o  B. 292½o C. 202½ D. 67½o  

i

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

ix

X











2. Match the item in column A with the corresponding items in column B by writing the letter of the correct item in column B against its corresponding number in column A.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

  1. Shifting cultivation
  2. Oasis
  3. Desert climate
  4. Contours
  5. Rain formation
  1. Desert well
  2. Lines connecting places with equal heights
  3. People farm and move when the fields decline.
  4. Pot the holes found along the river bed.
  5. Very hot during the day and cold during the night
  6. Very hot during the night and cold during the day
  7. Evaporation, cooling, condensation and rainfall
  8. Cooling, evaporation, condensation and rainfall

COLUMN A

i

ii

iii

iv

V

COLUMN B






3. Write “TRUE” against a correct statement or “FALSE” against an incorrect statement.

  1.  Lines drawn on a map joining points with the same pressure are called Isotherm
  2. There is large land surface in the northern hemisphere than in the southern hemisphere
  3. The growing of fruits, vegetables and flowers is known as horticulture.
  4. Pests, diseases, price fluctuation and markets are serious problem in monoculture farming
  5. Wind blow from areas of low pressure to areas of high pressure. 
  6. TAZAMA is the railway line running from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia.
  7. The only continent crossed by both tropics of Cancer and Capricorn is Europe
  8. Maximum thermometer filled with alcohol is used to determine the highest temperature reached in a day
  9. Afforestation process decrease global warming
  10. The wise use and control of water resources is known as water supply

I

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

Ix

X











SECTION B: (45 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section 

4. a) Briefly explain the following geographical terms 

  1. Transhumance

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Sedentary farming

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________­­­­­­­_________________________________

  1. Six’s thermometer

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Atmospheric pressure

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Bush fallowing

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

b) Mention five merits of bush fallowing   

  1. _______________________________________________________________________
  2. _______________________________________________________________________
  3. _______________________________________________________________________
  4. _______________________________________________________________________
  5. _______________________________________________________________________

c) With the aid of well diagram explain the formation of solstice  

Diagram 

Explanation 

  1. List down five factors which make navigation difficult in most African rivers.
  1. __________________________________________________________________
  2. __________________________________________________________________
  3. __________________________________________________________________
  4. __________________________________________________________________
  5. __________________________________________________________________

e) Highlight five benefits of Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

  1. ________________________________________________________________________
  2. _______________________________________________________________________
  3. _______________________________________________________________________
  4. _______________________________________________________________________
  5. ________________________________________________________________________

f) Carefully study the climatic data given for station Q and answer the questions that follow:

Month

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Temp. in 0C

13.3

16.1

20.0

25.0

28.9

35.0

36.7

35.8

32.8

26.7

19.1

14.4

Rainfall in mm

2.5

2.5

0

0

0

0

0

2.5

0

0

2.5

15.0

  1. Calculate the mean annual temperature.
  1. Calculate the total annual rainfall for the station.
  1. Give the annual range of temperature for the station.
  1. Suggest the type of climate for the station

5. a) If the map distance of  Ruvu river is 29 centimeters, calculate the actual distance of  Ruvu River in kilometers given that the map scale is 1:25,000.

  1. In station P on a map, an area covered by thick forest was found to be 12 full squares and 26 half squares. Calculate the area of the thick forest in square kilometers, given scale: 1:50,000 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  2. Mention five uses of scale in the map
  1. __________________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________________
  3. ___________________________________________________________________________
  4. ___________________________________________________________________________
  5. ___________________________________________________________________________
  1. List down five ways of locating features in the map
  1. _______________________________________________________________________________
  2. _______________________________________________________________________________
  3. _______________________________________________________________________________
  4. _______________________________________________________________________________
  5. ________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION C: (30 MARKS)

Answer only TWO questions in this section

6. Agriculture in Tanzania is affected with land conflicts. Describe six causes of land conflicts in our country. 

7. Analyze six problems facing coffee production in East Africa 

8. Explain seven advantages of growing cash crops in Tanzania 

9. Discuss six factors affecting water supply in the Sub-Saharan countries 

10. Describe the problems uncounted the development of Rufiji Basin Development Authority (RUBADA)

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1

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 55

                                                              Student’s Examination No._____________________________

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM TWO-2021

 Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.  This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.  Answer all questions in section A and B and TWO questions from section C.
  3.  Section A carries 25 marks, section B 45 marks and section C 30  Marks
  4.  All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.  All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.  Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (25 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.

  1. The Grid reference of station X is 612825. What are the numbers of Eastings and the Northings?
  1. 825 are Northings and 612 are Eastings
  2. 612 are Northings and 825 are Eastings
  3. 282 are Northings and 612 are Eastings
  4. 825 are Northings and 216 are Eastings

(ii) People living in Tanga see the sun earlier than in Kigoma. What does this fact indicate? 

  1. People in Kigoma sleep longer
  2. The earth rotates from East to West
  3. The earth rotates from West to East
  4. There are many hills and mountains in Kigoma

(iii) If it is 3.00 p.m. at Bukoba 33oE in Tanzania. What will be the time at Tehran 50oE in Iran?

  1.        10:00 a.m.
  2.         4:08 p.m.
  3.         4:32 p.m.
  4.        10:00 p.m.

(iv) Morogoro at 800m above sea level has a temperature reading of 28oC. Determine the temperature of Karatu which is located at 1400 metres above sea level.

  1. 31.6oC.
  2. 3.6oC.
  3. 24oC.
  4. 24.4oC.

(v) The side of a mountain facing the direction of  the wind is known as

  1. Leeward side.
  2. Fore side.
  3. Backward side.
  4. Windward side.

(vi) A ship moves to the West and crosses the International Date Line. What happens with regard to time gained or lost?

  1. No time is gained or lost.
  2. One whole day is lost.
  3. One whole day is gained.
  4. One whole day is repeated.

(vii) The four seasons which occur on the earth’s surface are the result of 

  1. Rotation of the earth.
  2. Ferel’s law.
  3. The tilting of the earth on its own axis.
  4. Revolution of the earth.

(viii) Which of the following is the smallest scale? 

  1. 1: 100,000
  2. 1: 10,000
  3. 1: 25,000
  4. 1: 50,000

(ix) Which of the following give the proof that the earth is spherical in shape?

  1. Circumnavigation of the earth, solar eclipse and lunar eclipse.
  2. Ship’s visibility, lunar eclipse and aerial photograph.
  3. Great circles, longitudes and small circles.
  4. Lunar eclipse, the planets and the earth’s orbit.

(x) What is the compass bearing of North North West (NNW)?

  1. 337½o  B. 292½o C. 202½ D. 67½o  

i

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

ix

X

2. Match the item in column A with the corresponding items in column B by writing the letter of the correct item in column B against its corresponding number in column A.

COLUMN A

COLUMN B

  1. Shifting cultivation
  2. Oasis
  3. Desert climate
  4. Contours
  5. Rain formation
  1. Desert well
  2. Lines connecting places with equal heights
  3. People farm and move when the fields decline.
  4. Pot the holes found along the river bed.
  5. Very hot during the day and cold during the night
  6. Very hot during the night and cold during the day
  7. Evaporation, cooling, condensation and rainfall
  8. Cooling, evaporation, condensation and rainfall

COLUMN A

i

ii

iii

iv

V

COLUMN B

3. Write “TRUE” against a correct statement or “FALSE” against an incorrect statement.

  1.  Lines drawn on a map joining points with the same pressure are called Isotherm
  2. There is large land surface in the northern hemisphere than in the southern hemisphere
  3. The growing of fruits, vegetables and flowers is known as horticulture.
  4. Pests, diseases, price fluctuation and markets are serious problem in monoculture farming
  5. Wind blow from areas of low pressure to areas of high pressure. 
  6. TAZAMA is the railway line running from Dar es Salaam, Tanzania to Kapiri Mposhi, Zambia.
  7. The only continent crossed by both tropics of Cancer and Capricorn is Europe
  8. Maximum thermometer filled with alcohol is used to determine the highest temperature reached in a day
  9. Afforestation process decrease global warming
  10. The wise use and control of water resources is known as water supply

I

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

Ix

X

SECTION B: (45 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section 

4. a) Briefly explain the following geographical terms 

  1. Transhumance

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Sedentary farming

_________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________­­­­­­­_________________________________

  1. Six’s thermometer

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Atmospheric pressure

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

  1. Bush fallowing

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

b) Mention five merits of bush fallowing   

  1. _______________________________________________________________________
  2. _______________________________________________________________________
  3. _______________________________________________________________________
  4. _______________________________________________________________________
  5. _______________________________________________________________________

c) With the aid of well diagram explain the formation of solstice  

Diagram 

Explanation 

  1. List down five factors which make navigation difficult in most African rivers.
  1. __________________________________________________________________
  2. __________________________________________________________________
  3. __________________________________________________________________
  4. __________________________________________________________________
  5. __________________________________________________________________

e) Highlight five benefits of Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

  1. ________________________________________________________________________
  2. _______________________________________________________________________
  3. _______________________________________________________________________
  4. _______________________________________________________________________
  5. ________________________________________________________________________

f) Carefully study the climatic data given for station Q and answer the questions that follow:

Month

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Temp. in 0C

13.3

16.1

20.0

25.0

28.9

35.0

36.7

35.8

32.8

26.7

19.1

14.4

Rainfall in mm

2.5

2.5

0

0

0

0

0

2.5

0

0

2.5

15.0

  1. Calculate the mean annual temperature.
  1. Calculate the total annual rainfall for the station.
  1. Give the annual range of temperature for the station.
  1. Suggest the type of climate for the station

5. a) If the map distance of  Ruvu river is 29 centimeters, calculate the actual distance of  Ruvu River in kilometers given that the map scale is 1:25,000.

  1. In station P on a map, an area covered by thick forest was found to be 12 full squares and 26 half squares. Calculate the area of the thick forest in square kilometers, given scale: 1:50,000 ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
  2. Mention five uses of scale in the map
  1. __________________________________________________________________________
  2. ___________________________________________________________________________
  3. ___________________________________________________________________________
  4. ___________________________________________________________________________
  5. ___________________________________________________________________________
  1. List down five ways of locating features in the map
  1. _______________________________________________________________________________
  2. _______________________________________________________________________________
  3. _______________________________________________________________________________
  4. _______________________________________________________________________________
  5. ________________________________________________________________________________

6. Agriculture in Tanzania is affected with land conflicts. Describe six causes of land conflicts in our country. 

SECTION C: (30 MARKS)

Answer only TWO questions in this section

7. Analyze six problems facing coffee production in East Africa 

8. Explain seven advantages of growing cash crops in Tanzania 

9. Discuss six factors affecting water supply in the Sub-Saharan countries 

10. Describe the problems uncounted the development of Rufiji Basin Development Authority (RUBADA)

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1

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 50

Student’s Examination No........................................................

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION-MARCH

FORM ONE-2021

Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and TWO questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 25 marks, section B 45 marks and section C 30  Marks
  4.              All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.              All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (35 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.
  1. Write down the letter of the most correct answer for each of the following questions;
  1. The large ball burning in the space is;
  1. Star b) milk way  c) universe  d) moon
  1. The four season which occurs on the earth’s surface are the result of;
  1. Circumnavigation of the earth  c) Earth’s axis
  2. Rotation     d) revolution
  1. The body of solar system is;
  1. The planet b) the sun c) the moon d) the Earth
  1. The spinning of the earth on its own axis known as;
  1. Revolution  c) day and night
  2. Rotation of the Earth d) Solar system
  1. What will happen when ships moves to the West and cross the International date line (IDL);
  1. No day is gain or lost  c) one whole day is gain
  2. One whole day is lost  d) one whole day is repeated
  1.  Which of the following is not aspect of Geography;
  1. Human right education  c) Different land forms
  2. Map reading   d) practical geography
  1. If it  is 12.00pm in Kenya 45ᴼE, what will be the time of Central Africa republic 30ᴼE
  1. 11:00pm  b) 06:00pm  c) 11:00am d) 12:00pm
  1. The satellite of the Earth is;
  1. Asteroids  b) comet c) moon d) sun
  1. The smallest planet in the solar system is;
  1. Jupiter b) Saturn c) Uranus d) Earth
  1. Which is the source of solar energy:
  1. Solar power b) the sun c) stars d) solar panel

ANSWERS

i

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

ix

x











  1. Match the terms in list A that responding with the response of list B and write its answer in the box provided below: (10 marks)

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Are the bodies which revolve around the planets
  2. The oblate spherical shape of the Earth
  3. Day and night
  4. 23rd September
  5. Winter solstice
  1. Apogee
  2. Perigee
  3. Local mean time
  4. Standard time
  5. Geoids
  6. planet
  7. International satellite
  8. satelite
  9. Greenwich meridian
  10. meridian
  11. Season
  12. Winter
  13. Earth’s rotation
  14. Earth’s axis
  15. Peninsula
  16. Great circle
  17. Solstice
  18. Autumn Equinox
  19. 21st June
  20. 22nd December
  21. International date line (IDL)

ANSWERS

List A

i

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

ix

x

List B











  1. The following statements are either correct or incorrect. Write “T” for correct F for incorrect (10 marks)
  1. The deepest lake in Africa is lake Tanganyika
  2. Human activities geography deals with soil, landforms and water bodies
  3. In leap year February has 28 days instead of 29 days
  4. Prime meridian is also called Greenwich Meridian
  5. Lunar eclipse occurs during the right
  6. All longitude and Latitude run from North to South
  7. There are four seasons of the year
  8. The Earth rotates from West to East
  9. Solar energy does not promote environment conservation
  10. Great circles divides the Earth equally

ANSWERS

i

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

ix

x











SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

  1. Define the following terms (10 marks)
  1. Pangea

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Longitude

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Great circle

..............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Seasons

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Geroid

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Differentiate between the following geographical items; (10 marks)
  1. Umbra and Penumbra

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Apogee and Perigee

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Solar system and solar energy

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Rotation and revolution

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. Aphelion and Perihelion

................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................

  1. (a) Mention and draw the arrangement of all planets (05 marks)

(b) With the help of diagram explain the occurrence of the Lunar eclipse. (05 marks)

SECTION C ( Marks)

Answer two Questions from this section

  1. Mention five evidence which prove the Earths is spherical shape (05 marks)
  1. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
  2. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
  3. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
  4. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
  5. ................................................................................................................................................................................................................................
  1.  Explain how solar energy emancipation women
  1. Explain five points uses of solar energy
  1. Explain five points on how solar energy used as alternative way of conserving environment


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1 | Page

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 49

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM TWO-2021

 Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and TWO questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 25 marks, section B 45 marks and section C 30  Marks
  4.              All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.              All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (35 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.

(i). The most common and perhaps the most important of socio – economic activities include:-

  1.   Pastoralism, cultivation and trading activities
  2.    Agriculture, trade and cultural activities.
  3.    Arts, crafts and ceramics
  4.   Recreation, initiation and traditional healing

(ii). The coastal zone people are involved in which type of human activities?

  1.   Fishing, trading and small scale agriculture
  2.    Lumbering, trading and hand crafts
  3.    Initiation, recreation and social activities.
  4.   Lumbering, mining and small scale agriculture.

(iii). Cultural practice in economic activities includes the following activities.

  1.   Initiation, arts and ceramics
  2.    Agriculture, fishing and lumbering.
  3.    Crafts, folklore and trading.
  4.   Lumbering, initiation and ceramics

(iv). The main economic activity for Makonde people is:-

  1.   Carving
  2.    Agricultural activities.
  3.    Lumbering
  4.   Fishing

(v) Harvesting minerals such as copper from underground is called?

  1. Lumbering
  2. Quarrying
  3. Mining
  4. Extraction

(vi) Acts, functions or occupations executed lawfully by human beings for some purpose is called?

  1. Production.
  2. Human activities
  3. Human occupation
  4. Economic activity.

(vii) The backbone of Tanzania’s economy is?

  1. Agriculture
  2. Mining
  3. Fishing.
  4. Livestock keeping.

(viii) Which is not and advanced technique in fishing?

  1. Drifting
  2. Trawling
  3. Seining
  4. Barrier trap.

(ix). Striping method is used in finding area for

  1.   Irregular shapes
  2.    Regular shapes
  3.    Both regular and irregular shapes
  4.   Plantation farms.

(x). The term Map refers to:-

  1.   Ratio between the distance on the map and the actual distance on the ground.
  2.    Lines connecting all points of equal height above sea level
  3.    A representation of the earth or part of the earth on a flat surface such as paper or chalk board.
  4.   A direction of one point from another expressed in degree of an angle from north clock wise.

2. Match the items from list A with those in list B.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Parliament and Judiciary
  2. Scientific research.
  3. Iron and steel manufacturing.
  4. Supply stones and sands for construction.
  5. Supply Timber for various functions.
  1. Quarrying
  2. Processing of resources
  3. Traditional fishing methods
  4. Modern fishing methods
  5. Mining
  6. Agriculture
  7. Livestock keeping
  8. Lumbering
  9. Hunter and gathering
  10. Intellectual services
  11. Civil administration
  12. Social services
  13. Exploitative resources
  14. Religion.

Write TRUE if the statement is correct and FALSE if the statement is incorrect.

a)      When we say it is not, wet or cloudy we are referring to the weather

b)     The temperature is measure by hydrometer

c)      The three types of rainfall are convectional rainfall, relief rainfall and orographic rainfall

d)     Precipitation is the deposition of moisture from the atmosphere on the earth’s surface

e)      Relative humidity is the actual amount of water vapour present in a certain volume of air at a given temperature.

f)       Altitude is one of the factors which cause rainfall variations

g)     Clouds is air in motion from a high pressure area to a low pressure area.

h)     Isotherms are lines drawn on a map to join or connect places with the same amount of rainfall

i)       An aneroid barometer consists of a small metal box which contains very little air

j)       Cirrus, Cirrocumulus and Cirrostratus are referred to as the high clouds which are found at 6,000 to 12,000 meters above sea level.

SECTION B (45 MARKS)

ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS IN THIS SECTION

4.  Study the data below than answer the questions that follow.

STATION X.

Months

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Temp.  

25.5

25.5

26.1

26.7

27.2

26.7

26.7

26.1

26.7

26.7

26.1

25.6

Rainfall (mm)

246

180

185

198

65

178

170

198

175

201

256.5

264

a)      Give the annual range of temperature for station X.

b)     Calculate the mean temperature for station X.

c)      Calculate the annual rainfall for station X.

d)     Suggest the type of climate for station X.

e)      Give two reasons for suggesting the type of climate for station X.

f)       Mention any five types of vegetation found in station X.

g)     What are the three major economic activities that can be carried out in station X?

5.  Answer the following questions per the given instructions.

a)      Mention three types of scales

(i)     ………………………………………………………………..

(ii)  ………………………………………………………………..

(iii) …………………………………………………………………

b)     Name three types of maps

(i)     ………………………………………………………………….

(ii)  ………………………………………………………………….

(iii) ………………………………………………………………….

c)      Identify three methods used to measure areas of irregular shapes in maps

(i)     …………………………………………………………………….

(ii)  …………………………………………………………………….

(iii) …………………………………………………………………….

d)     List five essential of a good map

(i)     …………………………………………………………………………………

(ii)  …………………………………………………………………………………

(iii) …………………………………………………………………………………

(iv) …………………………………………………………………………………

(v)   …………………………………………………………………………………

6. Give the meaning of the following geographical terms:-

a)      Geography

b)     Physical geography

c)      Regional geography

d)     Practical geography

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two questions from this section.

7. (a) Briefly explain the meaning of tertiary activity

    (b). With specific examples differentiate between the following terms.

i)      Primary and secondary activities

ii)     Tertiary and primary activities.

iii)      Secondary and tertiary activities

8. (a) What is plantation agriculture?

    (b) Outline advantages and disadvantages of plantation agriculture.

9.  (a) What is Agriculture?

    (b) Briefly explain factors that influence agriculture

10. Discuss five importance of human activities.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 44

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY  FORM-2

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

INSTRUCTIONS. 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink.
  4. All answers must be written in the space provided.
  5. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) – (ii), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

(i) One characteristics of equatorial climate is:-

  1. Low rainfall
  2. Moderate temperature
  3. Low humidity
  4. Thick forest.

(ii) The direction to which compass needle points is called

  1. Magnetic north
  2. True north
  3. Grid north
  4. Compass bearing

(iii) Cultivation of cash crops based on application of advanced technology is called?

  1. Subsistence agriculture
  2. A large scale agriculture
  3. Mixed system agriculture
  4. A small scale agriculture

(iv) The condition of the atmosphere recorded for a short period of time is known as

  1. Climate
  2. Rainfall
  3. Weather
  4. Temperature

(v)Which type of climate among the following is different from the other?

  1.  Mediterranean 
  2.  Savanna
  3.  Hot desert 
  4.  Equatorial

(vi)Which scale is the largest among the following?

  1. 1:25,000
  2. 1:1,500,000
  3.  1:50,000
  4. 1: 10,000

(vii)Which one of the following features are correct set of the ocean floor?

  1.  Ridge, basin, plateau and waterfall. 
  2.  Continental shelf, basin and waterfall.
  3.  Trench, continental shelf and continental slope.
  4.  Horst, plain and volcano.

(viii)A ship moves to the west and crosses the International Date Line. What happens in regard to time gained or lost?

  1.  No time is gained or lost 
  2.  One whole days is lost
  3.  One whole day is gained
  4.  One whole day is repeated

(ix) Hot deserts are characterised by:

  1. small range of temperature
  2. two peaks of annual rainfall
  3. large range of temperature
  4. high temperature during the day and night.

(x) The land of East Africa is mainly characterized by:

  1. low lands valley
  2. highlands plateau and lowlands basin
  3. volcanic mountains and residue mountains
  4. highlands and fold mountains.

2.Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B 

  1. A line where a date is changed or where calender days begin.
  2. The time when the length of day and night are equal over all places on the earths surface.
  3. The phenomena which occur when the moon passes between the sun and the earth.
  4. The arrangement of the planets and solid objects in space in relation to the sun.
  5. The lines used in plotting routes for ships crossing large stretches of ocean waters and aircraft.
  1. Great circles
  2. Solar system
  3. Solar eclipse
  4. Moon eclipse
  5. Revolution of the sun
  6. International Date Line
  7. Equinox

 

3. Write True if the statement is correct or False if the statement is not correct in the space provided.

(i)Trans - Saharan Trade involved the exchange of goods between people of Northern and Eastern Africa ......

(ii)The development of Long Distance Trade in East Africa had a direct connection with the rise of Triangular Trade . ......

(iii)The Christian missionaries were against the abolition of slave trade.......

(iv)Industrial capitalism was characterized by open competition for markets and raw materials ...............

(v)The East African coast was known to Greeks and Romans as Azania ......

(vi) The most obvious result of the Mfecane was the depopulation of larger parts of southern Africa.....

(vii)Man learnt to keep animals during Early Stone Age . .......

(viii)The coming of Ngoni in East Africa led to shift from the small scale Ntemi system to weaker states ...............

(ix)The discovery of diamond turned South Africa from poor agricultural society to relatively rich industrial one ...............

(x)Written records refer to the study of our past as revealed by what has been handed down by word of mouth from one generation to another.

SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

4.(a) Mention five features of the ocean floor. 

(b) Name the five largest oceans in the world. 

(c) Mention five largest lakes in the world. 

(d) Differentiate the following terms: 

(i)Temperature and humidity 

(ii)Minimum and maximum thermometer 

 (iii) Pressure and wind 

 

5. (a) Distinguish the following terms:

  1.  Solar system and solar energy
  2. Raw materials and manufacturing industries
  3. Map and scale of a map 
  4. Plateau and mountain

(b)

  1. Define lunar eclipse.
  2. Draw a well labelled diagram to show lunar eclipse.

6. Explain five measures which can be taken to ensure the sustainability of forests in Tanzania.

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section. 

7. Study the following climatic table and answer the questions that follow.

Station Y

Months

Jan

Feb

March

Apr

May

June

July

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Temp(0 C)

22.5

25

25

25.5

25.5

25.5

25.5

25.5

26.1

26.1

26.1

26.6

Rainfall(mm)

198

340

431

350

280

230

160

71

15

12

15

66

  1.  Suggest the type of climate of station Y.
  2.  Calculate the daily mean temperature.
  3. Find the mean annual temperature.
  4. Find the annual rainfall for station Y.
  5. Mention any four crops that can be grown in station Y.

8. Describe five advantages of natural gas production in Tanzania

9. Describe six characteristics of small scale agriculture. 

 

10.Using examples, explain five problems facing livestock farming in Africa.

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 33

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

GEOGRAPHY- BACK TO SCHOOL EXAMINATION-JUNE

FORM TWO

Time 2:30 Hours                                                                                      JUNE 2020 

INSTRUCTIONS. 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink.
  4. All answers must be written in the space provided.
  5. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) – (ii), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

 (i) One characteristics of equatorial climate is:-

  1. Low rainfall
  2. Moderate temperature
  3. Low humidity
  4. Thick forest.

(iii) Cultivation of cash crops based on application of advanced technology is called?

  1. Subsistence agriculture
  2. A large scale agriculture
  3. Mixed system agriculture
  4. A small scale agriculture

(vi) The seasonal movement of herdsmen between lowlands and highlands in search of water and pasture is known as

  1. Transhumance
  2. Hunting
  3. Pastoralism
  4. Agriculture

(viii) A feature formed as result of a long and fairly narrow stretch of land that extends through plains, hills or mountains is called

  1. Basin
  2. Plateau
  3. Valley
  4. Depression

(x) Time increases by 4 minutes for every 1 image of longitude when one travels from

  1. North to South
  2. East to South
  3. West to South
  4. West to East.

(ii)Which type of mountains results from the eruption of molten rocks from the earth interior?

  1.  Volcanic mountains 
  2. Block mountains 
  3. Residual mountains 
  4. Fold mountains

(iv)The time which is recorded along the same meridian is called:

  1.  Local Mean Time 
  2.  Greenwich Mean Time 
  3.  Great Mean time 
  4.  Standard Time

(vii)Which one of the following features are correct set of the ocean floor?

  1.  Ridge, basin, plateau and waterfall. 
  2.  Continental shelf, basin and waterfall.
  3.  Trench, continental shelf and continental slope.
  4.  Horst, plain and volcano.

(ix)The height above the sea level is called:

  1.  Altitude 
  2.  Contour
  3.  Latitude 
  4.  Ocean

(x)Which one among of the following is not an importance of value of forest?

  1. Supports life of varied species. 
  2. . Modifies climate.
  3.  Accelerates soil erosion.
  4.  Home for animals and birds.

2.Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. A line where a date is changed or where calender days begin.
  2. The time when the length of day and night are equal over all places on the earths surface.
  3. The phenomena which occur when the moon passes between the sun and the earth.
  4. The arrangement of the planets and solid objects in space in relation to the sun.
  5. The lines used in plotting routes for ships crossing large stretches of ocean waters and aircraft.
  1. Great circles
  2. Solar system
  3. Solar eclipse
  4. Moon eclipse
  5. Revolution of the sun
  6. International Date Line
  7. Equinox

 

 3. Write True if the statement is correct or False if the statement is not correct in the space provided.

(i)Trans - Saharan Trade involved the exchange of goods between people of Northern and Eastern Africa ......

(ii)The development of Long Distance Trade in East Africa had a direct connection with the rise of Triangular Trade . ......

(iii)The Christian missionaries were against the abolition of slave trade.......

(iv)Industrial capitalism was characterized by open competition for markets and raw materials ...............

(v)The East African coast was known to Greeks and Romans as Azania ......

(vi) The most obvious result of the Mfecane was the depopulation of larger parts of southern Africa.....

(vii)Man learnt to keep animals during Early Stone Age . .......

(viii)The coming of Ngoni in East Africa led to shift from the small scale Ntemi system to weaker states ...............

(ix)The discovery of diamond turned South Africa from poor agricultural society to relatively rich industrial one ...............

(x)Written records refer to the study of our past as revealed by what has been handed down by word of mouth from one generation to another.

SECTION B

4. (a) Five economic resources obtained from water bodies.

 (b) Mention five ways of conserving water resources

(i)     ………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(ii)  ………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(iii) …………… …………… …………… …………… …………… 

(iv) …………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

(v)   ……………… ……………… ……………… ……………… 

5. Study the sketch map provided and answer the questions that follow:

  1. Name the type of scale which has been used to represent this map.
  2.  Mention three ways which can be used to measure the distance of the road in the sketch map.
  3. Briefly describe three important basic components of a map.
  4.  Convert the given scale into a statement.
  5.  Mention three methods which can be used to calculate the area of the forest shown on the sketched map.

6.(a) Outline four ways of determining direction of a place on a map.

(b) List four features of the Representative Fraction (RF) scale.

(c) Suggest two ways of measuring areas with irregular shapes.

SECTION C

7.Describe five problems that face tourism industry in Tanzania.

8. Explain five problems that are facing the Rufiji basin project in Tanzania.

9. Explain five disadvantages of air transport to a country like Tanzania.

10. Describe five negative effects of crop cultivation to the environment.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 27

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

GEOGRAPHY- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM TWO

TIME: 2:30HRS                                                                                                           2020

NAME: _______________________________________________                         CLASS: _________

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consists  sections A , B and C
  • Answer All questions in section A and B and two(2) from section C 
  • All answers should be written in black or blue ink

SECTION A

Answer ALL questions in this section

MULTIPLE CHOICES QUESTIONS

1. For each of the following questions write the letter of the correct answer in the boxes provided below:

(i) An angular distance measured in degrees East and West of the Prime Meridian:-

  1. Equator 
  2. Latitude
  3. Longitude
  4. Tropic of cancer

(ii) One of the common characteristics between nomadic pastoralism and shifting cultivation is that people have:

  1. Advanced in technology
  2. Good standard of living
  3. High crop production
  4. No permanent settlement

 (iii)  The wise use and control of water resources is known as water:

  1. Controlling
  2. Development
  3. Management
  4. Resources 

 (iv) Although the earth is in motion all the time we don’t feel its motion. This is due to the reason that we are:

  1. In the earth
  2. Moving against the motion
  3. Moving with it
  4. On the earth

(v) The major features rising above the surface of ocean water and important for tourism are called:

  1. Continental shelf
  2. Continental slope
  3. Ocean island
  4. Ocean plain

 (vi)  The solar eclipse occurs when:

  1. One body passes between the two bodies
  2. The earth passes between the moon and the sun
  3. The earth passes between the sun and the moon
  4. The moon passes between the earth and the sun

 (vii) The farthest position of the earth from the sun is known as:

  1. Aphelion
  2. Equinox
  3. Perihelion
  4. Solstice 

 (viii) The occurance of summer, winter, autumn and spring is a result of:

  1. Ferrel’s law
  2. Revolution of the earth
  3. Tilting of the earth on its axis

(ix) The height above sea level is called

  1. Altitude
  2. Contours
  3. Latitudes
  4. Ocean

 (x) Which one of the following was the smallest planet in the solar system?

  1. Earth
  2. Mercury
  3. Pluto
  4. Venus 

 2. Matching items. Select an item from group B and match it with the corresponding item in group A

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Tourism

(ii) Mining

(iii) Trade and commerce

(iv) Sedentary livestock

(v) Physical landscape, atmosphere, natural vegetations

 

  1. Plantation agriculture
  2. Subsistence agriculture
  3. Travelling on business or leisure
  4. Just travelling
  5. Movement of people and goods
  6. Extraction of valuable minerals
  7. Buying and selling of goods
  8. Farming 
  9. Physical geography

 

 3. The following statements are either correct or incorrect. Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct:

  1. Circumnavigation of the earth is not the evidence to prove that the earth is spherical ________________
  2. Crossing the international date line causes the gauzing or losing a day _______________
  3. Forests are sources of medicine ____________
  4. Geography  deals with the earth’s features only ___________
  5. Light industries involve manufacturing of heavy and bulky products ___________
  6. The time within a particular area is termed as local mean Time (L.M.T) ___________
  7. Good railways and road networks stimulate economic development ___________
  8. Industrial activities have no negative impacts on environment _____________
  9. Lake Victoria is within the Rift Valley _____________
  10. Trenches and ocean deeps are the same relief features of the river basin ____________ 

 4. (a)Define the term “temperature”

(b) Study carefully the climatic data given for station Y and then answer the questions that follow:

Months

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Temp(oC)

28

27

27

27

28

28

26

25

24

26

27

28

Rainfall(mm)

2400

2100

2050

1750

1700

1750

1660

1500

1700

1805

2100

2300

  1.  Calculate the annual mean temperature
  2. Calculate the amount of annual rainfall
  3. Determine the annual range of temperature
  4. Suggest the type of climate at station Y

SECTION B

Answer ALL questions in this section

5. (a) Briefly explain the concept of human activities.

(b) Name four types of primary human activities.

(c) Giving two examples, differentiate between primary and secondary human activities.

6. (a)Explain the term map

(b) With examples explain the following types of maps:

  1. Topographical maps
  2. Statistical maps

(c) Examine five (5) characteristics of a good map:

SECTION C

Attempt two questions

7. Discuss the significance of atmospheric pressure in life (5 points)

8. How walking long distance to the water sources affect the girl child? Explain (5 points)

9. Describe ways of improving subsistence small scale agriculture. (5 points)

10.(a) What is river basin development project?

(b) Examine the importance of river basin development projects in Africa (4 points)

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 17

PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND REGIONAL GOVERNMENT

MID TERM EXAMINATION-APRIL-2020

TIME: 2:30HRS

NAME: _____________________________________CLASS: _________

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. This paper consists sections A , B and C
  2. Answer All questions in section A and B and two(2) from section C
  3. All answers should be written in black or blue ink

SECTION A

Answer ALL questions in this section

MULTIPLE CHOICES QUESTIONS

  1. For each of the following questions write the letter of the correct answer in the boxes provided below:

i) An angular distance measured in degrees East and West of the Prime Meridian:-

  1. Equator
  2. Latitude
  3. Longitude
  4. Tropic of cancer

ii) One of the common characteristics between nomadic pastoralism and shifting cultivation is that people have:

  1. Advanced in technology
  2. Good standard of living
  3. High crop production
  4. No permanent settlement

iii) The wise use and control of water resources is known as water:

  1. Controlling
  2. Development
  3. Management
  4. Resources

iv) Although the earth is in motion all the time we don’t feel its motion. This is due to the reason that we are:

  1. In the earth
  2. Moving against the motion
  3. Moving with it
  4. On the earth

v) The major features rising above the surface of ocean water and important for tourism are called:

  1. Continental shelf
  2. Continental slope
  3. Ocean island
  4. Ocean plain

vi) The solar eclipse occurs when:

  1. One body passes between the two bodies
  2. The earth passes between the moon and the sun
  3. The earth passes between the sun and the moon
  4. The moon passes between the earth and the sun

vii) The farthest position of the earth from the sun is known as:

  1. Aphelion
  2. Equinox
  3. Perihelion
  4. Solstice

viii) The occurance of summer, winter, autumn and spring is a result of:

  1. Ferrel’s law
  2. Revolution of the earth
  3. Tilting of the earth on its axis

ix) The height above sea level is called

  1. Altitude
  2. Contours
  3. Latitudes
  4. Ocean

x) Which one of the following was the smallest planet in the solar system?

  1. Earth
  2. Mercury
  3. Pluto
  4. Venus
  1. Matching items:

Select an item from group B and match it with the corresponding item in group A

GROUP A

i) Agriculture

ii) Tourism

iii) Mining

iv) Trade and commerce

v) Monoculture

vi) Sedentary livestock

vii) Water resource extraction

viii) Water resource conservation

ix) Mercuric Barometer

x) Physical landscape, atmosphere, natural vegetations

GROUP B

  1. Plantation agriculture
  2. Subsistence agriculture
  3. Travelling on business or leisure
  4. Just travelling
  5. Movement of people and goods
  6. Extraction of valuable minerals
  7. Buying and selling of goods
  8. Book-keeping and commerce
  9. Cultivation and livestock keeping
  10. Farming
  11. Fish and sea weeds
  12. Avoiding water wastage
  13. Atmospheric pressure
  14. Physical geography
  1. The following statements are either correct or incorrect. Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct:

i) Circumnavigation of the earth is not the evidence to prove that the earth is spherical ________________________

ii) Crossing the international date line causes the gauzing or losing a day_______________

iii) Forests are sources of medicine____________

iv) Geography deals with the earth’s features only___________________

v) Light industries involve manufacturing of heavy and bulky products_________________

vi) The time within a particular area is termed as local mean Time (L.M.T)______________

vii) Good railways and road networks stimulate economic development_________________

viii) Industrial activities have no negative impacts on environment____________________

ix) Lake Victoria is within the Rift Valley_______________________

x) Trenches and ocean deeps are the same relief features of the river basin______________

  1. a)Define the term “temperature”

b) Study carefully the climatic data given for station Y and then answer the questions that follow:

Months

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Temp(oC)

28

27

27

27

28

28

26

25

24

26

27

28

Rainfall(mm)

2400

2100

2050

1750

1700

1750

1660

1500

1700

1805

2100

2300

i) Calculate the annual mean temperature

ii) Calculate the amount of annual rainfall

iii) Determine the annual range of temperature

iv) Suggest the type of climate at station Y

SECTION B

Answer ALL questions in this section

  1. a)Define the term SEA BREESES

__________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

b) Study the diagram below then answer the questions that follows:-

C:UserskyamboPicturesMNAMAsea breezee.jpg

i) The type of breeze shown on the diagram above is________________________

ii) A stands for_______________________

B stands for_______________________

C stands for_______________________

D stands for_______________________

E stands for_______________________

  1. a)Explain the term map

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

b) With examples explain the following types of maps:

i) Topographical maps

___________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ii) Statistical maps

________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

c) Examine five (5) characteristics of a good map:

i) __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

ii) __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

iii) __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

iv) __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

v) __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION C

Attempt two questions

  1. Discuss the significance of atmospheric pressure in life (5 points)
  2. How walking long distance to the water sources affect the girl child? Explain (5 points)
  3. Describe ways of improving subsistence small scale agriculture. (5 points)
  4. a) What is river basin development project?

b) Examine the importance of river basin development projects in Africa (4 points)

BEST WISHES

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 9

THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATIO AND VOCATIONAL TRAINING

FORM TWO MID TERM EXAMINATIONS- MARCH 2020

013                                                                             GEOGRAPHY

 

Duration: 2:30 Hours

 

INSTRUCTIONS.

 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink.
  4. All answers must be written in the space provided.
  5. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

 

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

 

1. For each of the items (i) – (ii), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

i. Which of the following is not an aspect of geography?

  1. Map reading and photography
  2. Different land forms
  3. Human and economic activities
  4. Human rights.

ii. Major natural regions of the world can also be called?

  1. Ocean current regions
  2. Weather regions
  3. Mountainous regions
  4. Climatic regions.

iii. Which one of the following is not a factor to consider while deciding the climate of a place?

  1. Prevailing winds
  2. Annual rainfall
  3. Distance from the ocean
  4. Annual range of temperature.

iv. The direction to which compass needle points is called

  1. Magnetic north
  2. True north
  3. Grid north
  4. Compass bearing

v.  Cultivation of cash crops based on application of advanced technology is called?

  1. Subsistence agriculture
  2. A large scale agriculture
  3. Mixed system agriculture
  4. A small scale agriculture

vi.  The condition of the atmosphere recorded for a short period of time is known as

  1. Climate
  2. Rainfall
  3. Weather
  4. Temperature

vii. Intensive farming means:-

  1. Large amount of capital or labour are applied in a small piece of land
  2. Large amount of capital is not used for a very large piece of land.
  3. Very small piece of land is cultivated locally.
  4. Subsistence farming basically for food supply in the family.

viii. Extensive farming can be defined as:-

  1. Horticulture production in a small piece of land
  2. Large area of land are worked by a small labour force.
  3. Commercial farming where production is intended for sale and food.
  4. Farming whereby people move from one place to another seasonally.

ix. The most common and perhaps the most important of socio – economic activities include:-

  1. Pastoralism, cultivation and trading activities
  2. Agriculture, trade and cultural activities.
  3. Arts, crafts and ceramics
  4. Recreation, initiation and traditional healing 

x. The coastal zone people are involved in which type of human activities?

  1. Fishing, trading and small scale agriculture
  2. Lumbering, trading and hand crafts
  3. Initiation, recreation and social activities.
  4. Lumbering, mining and small scale agriculture.

2. Match the items in column A with those in column B by writing the letter of the correct answer against its corresponding item number in column A.

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 5

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