STUDENT’S ASSESSMENT NUMBER . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .




TIME 2:30hrs 7TH JUNE 2022


1. This paper consist of sections A,B, and C

2. Answer all questions in sections A,B and choose two question in sections C

3. Write your name on every page of your answer sheet provided

4. All drawings should be in pencil.


Answer all questions

1. For each of the following items choose the best answer from the given alternatives and write its letters on the space provided.

i. During pre-colonial period there was no medium of exchange existed. That is why people of various communities with their neighbor they used barter system as a means of exchange. Which among of the following alternatives is about the medium of exchange used by earliest societies?

  1. Exchange of goods by goods
  2. Exchange of goods by money
  3. Exchange of goods for coins
  4. Exchange of product for coin

ii. Agriculture it was differed from one place to another depending on the nature of the area and climatic condition, but permanent crop cultivation in East Africa mainly took place in which areas?

  1. Central Tanganyika
  2. Coastal region
  3. Interlacustrine region
  4. South west Tanganyika

iii. Assume you have asked by your friend that “pebbles, chopping tools and hand axes were used during which age” which of the following will be the correct answer among of the following?

  1. The late stone age
  2. The iron age
  3. The middle stone age
  4. The early stone age

iv. John was a form two student from your neighboring school, while he was mentioning various historical sites which are found in different country found in east Africa, but he mistakenly mentioned Olorgesilie as historical site found in Rwanda. As a form two student which of the following will be the correct answer to assist john?

  1. Uganda
  2. Tanzania
  3. Kenya
  4. Mozambique

v. The study of languages in order to know their origin and relations of the people who speak them is one of the sources of historical information. In one word identify the name of this source;

  1. Linguistics
  2. Anthropology
  3. Archives
  4. History

vi. Imagine you are among of the students who are representing the form two students from your school and you have asked to identify the company which was led by king leopard of Belgium. Among of then following are the distractors whereby on of them is a correspondent company ruled by king leopard, which one will be the correct one?

  1. Royal Niger company
  2. Imperial British east Africa company
  3. British south Africa company
  4. International African association

vii. While migrating from the motherland Nguni speaking people they passed through different communities where by those communities thy resisted and waged a war against the new comer Ngoni people. Basing on your knowledge do you think why the rulers of small Ngoni groups were able to defeat and consolidate their power to most East Africa societies:

  1. War captives were spared and recruited into Ngoni armies
  2. Their female subjects were married by defeated tribe
  3. Their army used more magic power than weapons
  4. Their male subjects were agents of colonialism

viii. East Africa belong to the number of the language groups which form different language of different tribes. What are those four main language group existed in East Africa?

  1. Bantu, Nilotes, Cushites and Khoisan
  2. Nilotes, Hehe , Sangu and Cushites
  3. Khoisan, San, Khoisan and Khoikhoi
  4. San, Okiek, Teso, Bushmen and Mbuti

ix. Which among of the following stations did Dr. Robert Moffat worked as a missionary in one of the following station found in Africa?

  1. Salisbury
  2. Blantyre
  3. Rabai
  4. Yonte

x. Which one of the following East African coastal city state was located in present day Mozambique enabling it to get gold directly from Mwanamutapa in the 15th century?

  1. Kilwa
  2. Lamu
  3. Sofala
  4. Mogadishu


i ii iii iv v vi vii viii ix

2. Match the items in List A with those in list B by writing the correct letter against the corresponding question number.

List A  List B 

i. The earliest stone age whereby tools were crude and heavy.

ii. The name of tools improved by reducing their size during the middle stone age.

iii. The tools that were named after Olduvai George in Tanzania where first discovered.

iv. The stone tools that were discovered first at St. Acheul in France.

v. The period just after middle stone age whereby the tools were still largely made of stones but they were far better than those of earlier period.

  1. Oldowan tools
  2. Acheulian tools
  3. Sangoan tools
  4. Australopithecus
  5. Microliths tools
  6. Microliths period
  7. Homo habilis
  8. Paleolithic period
  9. Metholic period


LIST A i ii iii iv v


Answer all questions

3. Below is the Time Line. Pick and write the letter of an event corresponding to the year provided on the line against the roman number.


A. The death of Zwangedamba.

B. Discovery of a skull of man in Olduvai George in northern Tanzania.

C. The book of Charles Darwin titled On the Origin of Species was published.

D. Barthromew landed at south tip of South Africa and he called a CAPE OF GOOD HOPE.

E. Christopher Columbus discovered new world.

F. The British government introduced new land law.

G. The ruling family of Oman was overthrown by Busandi ruling family.

H. The Dutch east India Company officially established the first Dutch settlements in the cape.

I. Official introduction of apartheid policy in South Africa.

J. The British government introduced the black circuit court system.


4. Arrange the following sentences in chronological order by writing their alphabet on the space provided.

i. It’s developed as result of European advancement in maritime technology and mercantilism.

ii. There was the emergence of class of merchants who were interested merchants who were interested in buying and selling of commodities

iii. During the fifteenth and sixteenths centuries, mercantilism was gaining importance in the European continent

iv. Trans – Atlantic slave trade was the trade which was conducted across the Atlantic ocean

v. It started after the discovery of Americas (new world) by Christopher Columbus

5. Complete each of the following statements by filling the blanks with the correct historical facts.

i. . . . . . . . . ..is the scientific knowledge that is used practically.

ii. . . . . . . .involves telling of stories about people and events in the past which can be in form of epics and myths.

iii. The short stabbing spears was known as . . . . . . . . . . . .

iv. The brain capacity of Homo sapiens was about . . . . . . to . . . . . .

v. Between 1698 and 1840 the east African coastal trade was dominated by. . . . .

6. One day history teacher provided quiz in class to assess the understanding of students on one among of the stages of evolution of man whereby man was called an “upright man” by analyzing the its physical features and the ways of life in which man lived in that stage. Assume that you were among of that students, provide three (3) points on physical features and two (2) on ways of life.

Physical features

i. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

ii. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

iii. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Ways of life

iv. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

v. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

7. By using knowledge acquired in class briefly conceptualize the following historical terms;

i. Egalitarian

ii. Cow horn fighting tactic

iii. Hittites

iv. Handcraft industry

v. Sedentary livestock keeping 

8. Environmental factors and economic activities influenced the evolution of political organization in pre-colonial African societies. Justify this statement with five (5) points.

9. Draw the sketch map of Africa and show the following kingdoms

A. Luba empire

B. Lozi kingdom

C. Kingdom of Mwantayamvo

D. Mwanemutapa kingdom

E. Zulu kingdom


Choose two questions only

10. The fleeing of Ngoni from South Africa to central and East Africa it was inevitable. With five (5) points show the inevitability of Ngoni migration in south Africa







 Monday 4thJuly 2022 Am Time: 2:30Hours 


1. This paper consists of three sections A, B, and C with a total of ten (10) questions.

2. Answer all questions in section A, B and C.

3. All writing must be in blue or black ink.

4. All answers must be written in the space provided.

5. Cellular phones, calculators and unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

1.F or each of the following items (i - x) Choose the best answer from the given alternatives and write its letter in the space provided.

i. Which method was used to obtain salt during the pre-colonial era

  1. Evaporating water from the sea water
  2. Mining and evaporating reeds
  3. Mining salt from bearing rocks
  4. Boiling and evaporating bowls

ii. What was the main reason for the rise of Mfecane war in South Africa?

  1. The struggle to control gold mines
  2. The invasion of boers
  3. The struggle to control land
  4. The pressure of apartheid policy

iii. Which of the following African societies developed Ntemiship system in East Africa by the 15th century?

  1. Nyamwezi and Ndorobo
  2. Nyamwezi and Sandawe
  3. Nyamwezi and Chagga
  4. Nyamwezi and Sukuma

iv. Which of the following was an important change in the evolution of man?

  1. Walking with all four limbs
  2. Development of the brain
  3. Walking with fore limbs
  4. Gathering and hunting

v. Which of the following is an early iron site in East Africa?

  1. Olduvai Gorge 
  2. Kondoa Irangi 
  3. Engaruka 
  4. Meroe 

vi. One of the effects of Seyyid Said’s rule in Zanzibar was:

  1. Introduction of Christianity
  2. Establishment of clove Plantations
  3. Legalized Dutch settlement at the Cap
  4. Introduction of legitimate

vii. In which century was the Zanzibar slave market closed?

  1. 15th century 
  2. 18th century
  3. 19th century 
  4. 20th century 

viii. The system of land ownership in Buhaya was known as:

  1. Ubugabire 
  2. Umwinyi 
  3. Nyarubanja 
  4. Busulo 

ix. The reason of abolition of slave trade was:

  1. Legitimate trade and Boer trek
  2. Religious wars and industrial revolution
  3. Economic and humanitarian reasons
  4. Good weapons and economic reasons

x. Four main language groups to which East African communities belong are:

  1. Sandawa , Cushites, Bantu and Nilotes and Bantu
  2. Dorobo, Cushites, Nilotes and Bantu
  3. Khoisan, Cushites Nilotes and Bantu
  4. Khoikhoi, San , Nilotes and BaIntu

Qn. No












2. Match the items in list A with those in list B by writing the correct latter in the space provided



(i) The period when man made and used pebble and chopping tools

(ii) The society in the interlacustrine area in which the Busulo and Nvunjo were forms of feudal relations

(iii) The people who were the first to make and use iron tools in Africa

(iv) The period when Portuguese came in East Africa

(v) The period when the Dutch established their permanent settlement at the cap

  1. Age
  2. 19th century
  3. 17TH century
  4. 18th century
  5. New stone age
  6. Mwanamutapa
  7. Early stone age
  8. Generation
  9. 15th century
  10. Century
  11. Anno domino
  12. Tutsi
  13. 21st century


Item No.








3. Briefly explain the following terms

i. Historical sites

ii. Slavery

iii. Boer Trek

iv. Communalism

v. Golden stool

4. Arrange the following sentences in a chronological order by writing their Roman numbers in the table provided:

i. Regular Trade contacts between East Africa and the middle East Began in the 8th century ii. Effective Omani Control was established during the second half of the 19th century iii. Trade contacts led to the growth of East African coastal city states iv.

Later this prosperity was disturbed by the Portuguese invasion

v. In 1698 the Omani Sultanate to defeat them.

Qn. No







5. Complete each of the following statements with the correct historical facts

i. What caused the rapid expansion of white settlement to the southern African interior in the late of 1830’s

ii. In which country is Nsogezi historical sites found 

iii. Learning about the past by digging up and studying objects found in the ground is known as

iv. The basic and simplest Unity of social organization in the early agricultural societies was

v. The feudal relations that existed along the east African coast were known as

6. Study this drawing and answer the questions that follow;


i. Which trade in west Africa expanded in the 19th Century due to the introduction of the means of transport shown in the drawing? 

ii. Why the type of animals shown on the drawing was preferred by the traders as the means of transport across the desert?

iii. Which Trade led to the decline of the type of the trade that used the animals shown in the drawing?

iv. Name the earliest kingdom in the western Sudanic zone which expanded due to the trade named in (i) above

v. Through which desert was the long distance trade linking west Africa and North Africa using the animals shown on the drawings conducted?

7. What were the effects of the discovery of fire during the middle stone age? Give five points.

8. Write five causes of Ngoni Migration .

9. During pre-colonial and colonial rule they were emergence of varies state formation in Africa. List five factors for state formation in East Africa.


10. What were the social factors for interactions in Pre-colonial African communities? (Give six points)






TIME: 2:30 HOURS Wednesday, 22nd September 2021 p.m.


1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C.

2. Answer all questions from sections A and B and two (2) questions from section C.

3. All answers must be written in the spaces provided.

4. All writings must be in blue or black ink except for drawings, which must be in pencil.

5. All communication devices and Calculators are not allowed in the examination room.

6. Write Your Examination Number on the top right of every page.

















 SECTION A: (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided:

(i) The student of Mwendapole Secondary School went a visit to special building where historical artifacts and other artistic objects are kept. This building is known as:

  1. Museum
  2. Historical site
  3. Archive 
  4. Archaeology.

(ii) Students from two different schools were arguing to each other the useless of learning history. One of them said there is necessity of learning this subject because of producing different occupation from this subject. What do you think is one of the occupation from history?

  1. Carbon 14 Dating
  2. Doctor
  3. Museum curators 
  4. Chemical engineering.

(iii) There is still no clear evidence showing the origin of discovery of iron. This led to number of theories which are:

  1. Forest fire theory and mistaken identity theory
  2. Creation and forest fire theory
  3. Evolution and mistaken identity theory 
  4. Mistaken theory and copper melting theory.

(iv) An important feature in the East African Coastal commercial life was the presence of Indians Banyans who were:

  1. Slave Caravan
  2. Gold miners from Goa
  3. Traders and money lenders
  4. Blacksmith from calcut.

(v) East African societies belong to major four language groups which are:

  1. Khoikhoi, Nilotes, San and Cushites
  2. Khoisan, Nilotes, Cushites and Bantu
  3. Bantu, Dorobo, Cushites, Khoisan
  4. Karamajong, Nilotes, Cushites and Khoisan.

(vi) In Makonde tribe, husband was moved to the wife’s family and their children belong to the mother. This form of social organization was known as:

  1. Kinship organization 
  2. Matrilineal organization
  3. Clan organization 
  4. Patrilineal organization.

(vii) In Buhaya and Karagwe, the feudal relation system was known as:

  1. Nyarubanja system
  2. Busulu system
  3. Mvunjo
  4. Ubugabire.

(viii) The Portuguese reached on the Gold Coast of West Africa and they built a Fort called Elmina Fort in:

  1. 1482
  2. 1488
  3. 1582
  4. 1498.

(ix) The following was one of the humanitarian people who played vital role in abolition of slave trade:

  1. Prof. Adam Smith
  2. William Wilberforce
  3. Captain Moresby
  4. Sultan Barghash.

(x) In triangular slave trade, items used were different from the regions they were obtained From America items obtained were:

  1. Cotton, sugar and tobacco
  2. Cotton, sugar and manufactured goods such as clothes
  3. Tobacco, clothes and glassware
  4. Slaves, animal skins and ivory.

2. Match the items in LIST A with the correct responses in LIST B by writing the letter of correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.


(i) Methods used to extract gold in precolonial Africa

(ii) Generation

(iii) A Maasai political and religious leader

(iv) The leader who led Ngoni group to settle in Ufipa

(v) The Boers republic states in South Africa

(vi) Foreigners intermarriage with Africans

(vii) Organizer of people to open up new lands wherever it was available.

(viii) Theory of creation.

(ix) Companies and Associations

(x) The movement of the Dutch from the Cape in South Africa

  1. Zwangendaba
  2. Man evolved from primates
  3. A period of time determined by one continuous events or situation
  4. Transvaal and Natal.
  5. Ntemi
  6. Man originated from super natural power
  7. Agents of industrial capitalism
  8. Anglo – Boers War
  9. Cape Town and Zulu land
  10. Laibon
  11. Half-Caste
  12. Mputa Maseko
  13. Boers Trek
  14. Panaring and shaft
  15. A period of difference in age between parents and their children.



(i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) (vi) (vii) (viii) (ix) (x)


3. Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct in the space provided.

(i) The Arabs came in vessels called junks while Chinese came in Vessels called dhows. _________

(ii) The series of war between Xhosa and Boers were known as Mfacane war._________

(iii) To encourage flow of trade, Seyyid Said introduced Indian money which was known as piee _________

(iv) Local trade was conducted within the same geographical region and was not based on making profit. ________

(v) In East Africa, iron was believed to be discovered in Engaruka, Ugweno and

Olduvai Gorge. _________

(vi) Man started to domesticate plants and animals in middle stone age _________

(vii) History brings a greater sense of patriotism and nationalism. _________

(viii) Discovery of new world, advance in naval was one of the factors stimulated the rise of Trans-Saharan trade. __________

(ix) The dance and music that were used by Chagga tribe was known as Tringi_______

(x) British South Africa Company was formed by Cecil Rhodes to operate in Central and South Africa. ________

4. Briefly explain the following historical terms:

(i) Anthropology

(ii) Dutch settlement at the cape

(iii) Ngoni migration

(iv) Industrial Capitalism

(v) Moresby treaty

SECTION B: (30 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

5. Arrange the following historical sentences in a chronological order by writing their roman numbers in the table provided:

(i) In the pre-colonial era, many foreigners came into contact with Africa for various reasons.

(ii) They included trading, spreading Islamic religion, exploring and looking for new areas for settlement.

(iii) These visitors introduced new commodities and practices to the African communities that they interacted with

(iv) These visitors included the Arabs, Persians, Indians and Chinese.

(v) Their reasons for visiting Africa were diverse.


1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th

6. Complete each of the following statements with correct historical facts.

(i) The form of rent that paid through provision of labour power in the land lord was known as _________________________________________________________.

(ii) Mr. Chaurembo went to one of the European nations and he found many industries. He was told that nation was the first to undergo industrialization. What do you think was this nation? _______________________________________________________

(iii) The technological evidence in Agricultural sector in Africa was the use of Irrigation system which was known as _________________________________ used in Ancient Egypt.

(iv) The process of freeing slaves and stopping the use of human beings as commodities were known as ________________________________________________________

(v) Juma’s father is learning about the past by digging up the past remains’ objects found in the ground. Juma’s father is technically known as __________________________ 7. Study the picture below and answer the questions which follow:

7. Study the picture below and answer the questions which follow:

(i) Name the men chained in the picture above. ______________________________

(ii) Mention two characteristics of the trade shown in the picture

(iii) List down any two methods used to obtain the people chained in the picture given

(iv) The trade above ended in which century?

(v) What are the two effects that were brought by the process above in the picture

SECTION C: (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions in this section

8. What were the motives for people of Africa, Middle and Far East Contact? Give six points.

9. Explain six features of slavery mode of production.

10. Elaborate any six reasons for the decline of Portuguese rule in East Africa Coast.


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