FORM THREE HISTORY EXAMS SERIES


THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

032/1 HISTORYFORM THREE

TIME: 3 HOURS NOVEMBER 2022

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of nine (09) questions
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and three (03) questions from section C.
  3. All drawings should be in pencil
  4. Write your examination number on every page of your answer sheet provided.

SECTION A (20 MARKS)

Answer All questions in this section

  1. For each of the items (i-xv) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer sheet provided:
  1. Human activities against nature and production relations are fully understood through the study of:
  1. Archaeology
  2. Literature
  3. History
  4. Museums
  5. Archives

  1. Man started to be skillful and tool maker at the stage of:
  1. Homo sapiens
  2. Homo erectus
  3. Homo habilis
  4. Modern apes
  5. Zinjanthropus

  1. Dr. Robert Moffatworked as a missionary in one of the following stations:
  1. Salisbury
  2. Kuruman
  3. Blantyre
  4. Maposeni
  5. Rabai

  1. The Portuguese conquest of East Africa Coast was led by:
  1. King Emmanuel
  2. Ahmed Ibin Majid
  3. Henry the Navigator
  4. Vasco Salgado
  5. Francesco D’ Almeida
  1. The leader of Chimulenga Uprising of 1896-1897 in Rhodesia were
  1. Mkwati and Kinjikitile
  2. Singinyamatish and Lobengula
  3. Mkwati and Singinyamatish
  4. Mkwati and Lobengula
  5. Lobengula and Rumunguru

  1. Tanzania adopted new economic strategy in 1967 known as:
  1. Operation feed yourself
  2. Ujamaa and self reliance
  3. Humanism
  4. Common man’s charter
  5. Independence now

  1. The core ideas of French Revolution were:
  1. Slave trade, colonialism and Neo-colonialism
  2. Market, raw materials and Cheap labour
  3. Communalism, slavery and feudalism
  4. Fratenity Liberty and Equality
  5. Scramble, Partition and Bogus treaties

  1. Asante was one of the forest states which resisted against the:
  1. French
  2. Germans
  3. Belgians
  4. Dutch
  5. British

  1. Ghana empire broke apart due to the following reasons;
  1. Attack from almoravids
  2. Role of trans-saharan trade
  3. Role of Simanguru
  4. Attack from Bunyoro
  5. Coming of europeans

  1. African countries have tried to bring about real independence through:
  1. Setting new factories and political instabilities in Africa
  2. Improving communication systems and military coups
  3. Expanding Education and Agricultural practices
  4. Establishing heavy industries and free market economy
  5. Expanding agricultural production and administering trust territories

  1. Which of the following societies in West Africa were famous in using copper alloys for making various ornaments?
  1. Ibo and Yoruba
  2. Venda and Mashona
  3. Maganja and Fulani
  4. Yoruba and Mandika
  5. Mandika and Ibo

  1. What is the most supreme organs of United Nations Organization?
  1. Trusteeship council
  2. Secretariat
  3. Security Council
  4. General Assembly
  5. International court of Justice

  1. The period which man was able to make chopping and pebble tools s known as:
  1. Late Stone Age
  2. Old Stone Age
  3. Middle Stone Age
  4. Iron Age
  5. Industrial Age

  1. Which among the following places did people extract salt from salt bearing rocks?
  1. Uvinza and Taghaza
  2. Taghaza and Bilma
  3. Axum and Taghaza
  4. Meroe and Egypt
  5. Uvinza and Bilma

  1. The British colonial rule in East Africa constructed the Uganda railway in order to:
  1. Attract more Europeans settlers to Kenya
  2. Compete with the Imperial German East African rule
  3. Provide cheap means of Transport for the East Africa People
  4. Gain Easy access to resources surrounding the interlacustrine area
  5. Facilitate Transportation of suppressive soldiers against the rebel Buganda

  1. Match the items in List a with those in B by writing the letter of the correct answer in the able provided:

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Khoi khoi
  2. 1806
  3. SamoriToure
  4. Mashoeshoe
  5. Vasco da Gama
  1. Mandika empire
  2. Founded Oyo Empire
  3. Introduced new method of fighting in Sotho kingdom
  4. The British and control of the cape
  5. Earliest inhabitants of southern Africa.
  6. Founded so the kingdom
  7. Linked Africa to Portuguese merchantalism
  8. Introduced barter system in south Africa
  9. Facilitated indirect rule in Uganda

SECTION B

  1. Briefly explain the following historical information

(i)Association

(ii)Mfecane ware

(iii)The Boer trek

(iv)Trans-Saharan trade

(v)Common wealth

(vi)Why Indirect rule was direct rule

  1. Arrange the following statements into chronological order by writing number 1 to 6 beside the item number:
  1. In 1964, Nelson Mandela was arrested and sent to jail.

  1. In 1949 the youth league launched its “programme of action” which aimed at attainment of freedom white domination.

  1. 3 National congress (SANNC) in 1912.

  1. African National Congress (ANC) led by Nelson Mandela established its armed wing known as “Umkonto we Swize” (spear of the nation) which immediately embarked upon military operations within south Africa.

  1. The imposition of capitalist relations of production in south Africa unlike other parts of the continent is underlined by racism. This made nationalist struggles in South Africa to be more complicated and long.

  1. The leaders who were not imprisoned such as Oliver Thambo fled into exile and tried to set up an ANC wing in friendly countries like Tanzania and Zambia.

  1. Draw a sketch of Africa on it locate the sites of African resistance.

(i)A resistance fought between the African and German in South West Africa

(ii)A resistance that African managed to fight for a long time with French in West Africa

(iii)A resistance that took place in in un colonized African nation in North East of Africa.

(iv)Resistance between African and German with took place in 1891

(v)Shona and Ndebele fought against British on 1896 – 1897.

SECTION C

  1. Explain six techniques used by colonialist to obtain labour during colonial period.
  2. Analyse six methods that were used by the imperialists in imposing their rule in Africa.
  3. “Islamic religion is termed as an important agent for the rise and development of strong political organization in pre-colonial Africa”. By using west Africa as the case study, validate the statement. Give six points
  4. It is argued that “ Neolithic age changed man’ ways of life completely” as Historian justify this statement by using six points.
  5. “It is historically understood that, the last country to attain her political independence was South Africa” With six (6) points explain the methods that were employed by black society in South Africa in the struggle for their liberation

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 110

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM THREE-2022

Time: 3Hours

INSTRUCTIONS.

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45 Marks
  4. Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5. Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1. The average difference of age between parents and their children is called;
  1. Period
  2. Age
  3. Family tree
  4. Time line
  5. Generation
  1. The first creature to walk upright was called;
  1. Homo erectus
  2. Primates
  3. Homo sapiens
  4. Homo habilis
  5. Hominids
  1. Which of the following are included in the archives?
  1. Division of time into days, weeks and years.
  2. Family trees, time lines and time charts.
  3. Colonial records and early travellers' records.
  4. Cultural items from the earliest times to the present.
  5. Items which show man's physical development.
  1. Who among the following was the first systematic tool maker and had a bigger brain than that of Zinjanthropus?
  1. Homo Habilis.
  2. Homo Sapiens.
  3. Homo Eractus.
  4. Modern Man.
  5. Modern Apes.
  1. In areas such as Kondoa-Irangi, paintings and drawings in caves give evidence of the activities of;
  1. iron smelters
  2. settled communities
  3. colonial legacy
  4. education for adaptation
  5. slave trade and slavery.
  1. Most of the traders during the early commercial contacts between East Africa and the Far East came from;
  1. China and Egypt
  2. Europe and China
  3. Egypt and Indonesia
  4. Indonesia and Europe
  5. Indonesia and China.
  1. Why the rulers of small Ngoni groups were able to defeat and consolidate their power to most of the East African societies?
  1. Their female subjects were married by defeated tribes.
  2. Their male subjects were agents of colonialism.
  3. Their army used more magic power than weapons.
  4. Their army had poor weapons like guns.
  5. War captives were spared and recruited into Ngoni armies.
  1. Why the knowledge of iron-working was kept secret in some societies during pre-colonial period?
  1. They wanted to develop division of labour.
  2. Iron had the immediate use value to some societies.
  3. They wanted to maintain monopoly of the blacksmiths.
  4. They had plans of using it in making ornaments.
  5. It enabled men to play a middleman's role in salt and gold.
  1. The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were
  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.
  1. Which of the following did not result from the contacts between East Africans and the people from the Middle and Far East?
  1. Construction of Fort Jesus.
  2. Introduction of Islam.
  3. Emergence of slave trade
  4. Intermarriage.
  5. Growth of coastal towns.

2. Match the items in LIST A with the correct responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the response beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. First portugues merchant-explorer to round the cape of good hope in 1498
  2. New economic strategy for Tanzania in 1967
  3. Mau mau leader
  4. Was fought in Nigeria from 1967 to 1970
  5. The last and most serious revolt against germans rule in Tanganyika
  1. Cecil Rhodes
  2. Vasco dagama
  3. Arusha declaration
  4. Jomo Kenyatta
  5. Dedan Kimathi
  6. Biafra War
  7. Maji Maji rebellion

SECTION B (35 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section.

3. Answer the following question briefly;

  1. Why was trans-saharan trade called dumb trade?
  2. How did the abolition of slave trade contribute to decline of trans-saharan trade
  3. Why was long distance trade called long distance trade?
  4. Who was Sir Fredrick John Lugard?
  5. Describe the structure of direct rule under Germans
  6. Explain French policy of associations

4. Arrange the following statements in chorological order writing number 1 to 6 beside the item number. 

i) Berlin conference was called by Otto vonBismarck resolve the conflict among the imperialist powers 

ii) The imperialist power sent agent of colonialism such as explorers, missionaries and Traders 

iii) The colonial economy was introduced to ensure maximum production of raw materials for European industries 

iv) The scramble for and partition ofAfrica took place in Africa after European nations served the potentiality information about Africa 

v) The colonial administrative system was created to ensure supervision of colonial activities 

vi) The colonial services were established to ensure better health and knowledge for maximum production of raw materials 

5. Draw a sketch map of East Africa and Locate

  1. Headquarter of East Africa Community
  2. Capital of a country whose president was overthrown ina coup in 1971
  3. East Africa great slave market which was closed in 1873
  4. The headquarter of Portuguese rule
  5. Region in Tanganyika which was the best reservoir of labour during colonial period.

SECTION C (45 Marks) 

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

6. Describe the main characteristic of colonial state administration

7. Briefly explain why British decided to use indirect rule in its colonies

8. What were the causes of Ngoni Migrations? Give seven causes

9. Discuss four forms of Feudalism, their merits and its demerits

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 85


THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM-1 EXAMINATION

FORM THREE-MARCH/APRIL- 2022

Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.                 This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 9 questions
  2.                 Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.                 Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.                 Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.                 Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1.                The first creature to walk in an upright fashion was called
  1.               Homo Erectus.
  2.               Primates.
  3.               Homo Sapiens. 
  4.               Hominids.
  5.                Homo Habilis. 
  1.              Archaeological findings whose ages are beyond 5,000 years are determined by
  1.               using archives.
  2.               using carbon 14.
  3.               remembering events. 
  4.               using time charts.
  5.                 narration of past events. 
  1.            Which one of the following was the immediate consequence of the development of Triangular trade?
  1.               Decolonization of African countries
  2.               Disruption of trans-Saharan trade
  3.               Scramble and partition of Africa
  4.               Adaptation of the Open Door Policy
  5.                Implementation of indirect rule policy
  1.            Who commanded the respect of all and acted as a unifying force among the Maasai?
  1.                Kabaka.
  2.                Omukama.
  3.                Morani.
  4.                Warriors.
  5.                 Laibon.
  1.              The most crucial changes in the evolution of man were 
  1.                bi-pedalism and development of the brain
  2.               domestication of crops and animals
  3.                division of labour and expansion of agriculture
  4.               establishment of settlements and domestication of crops
  5.                 discovery of stone tools and fire.
  1.            The period which man was able to make chopping and pebble tools is known as 
  1.                Late Stone Age
  2.               Old Stone Age
  3.                Middle Stone Age
  4.               Iron Age
  5.                Industrial age.
  1.          The main participants in East Africans long distance trade were
  1.               Viumbundu, Arabs and Kamba.
  2.               Yao, Kamba and Nyamwezi.
  3.               Imbangala, Yao and Barbaig.
  4.               Nyamwezi, Ngoni and Arabs.
  5.                Dinka, yao, ndobolo.
  1.        Scramble for Africa took place in the 19th C as a result of
  1.               Merchantilism.
  2.               Slave trading activities.
  3.               Commercial capitalism.
  4.               Industrial revolution in Europe.
  5.                Trade
  1.            The abolition of slave trade in 19th C was followed by
  1.               Berlin Conference.
  2.               Formation of UNO.
  3.               Introduction of legitimate trade.
  4.               Bilateral agreements.
  5.                World war
  1.              The people of West Africa had interaction with people of North Africa through
  1.               Trans-saharan trade.
  2.               Atlantic slavetrade.
  3.               Wars
  4.               Trans-continental trade.
  5.                Culture.
  1.            The professional traders in the Trans-saharan trade were called
  1.               Barbaig.
  2.               Bisa
  3.               Galla and Segeju.
  4.               Berbers.
  5.                Tuaregs
  1.          Which of the following is not a major source of history in Tanzania
  1.               Written records
  2.               Archives.
  3.               Music.
  4.               Museums.
  5.                archeology
  1.        The family from which man evolved is known as
  1.                Zinjanthropus
  2.                Homo Habilis
  3.                Primates
  4.                Homo Sapiens
  5.                 Homo Erectus.
  1.        Which one among the following factors contributed to the rise of states in Africa?
  1.                Low level of productive forces.
  2.                Presence of chartered companies.
  3.                Hunting and gathering activities.
  4.                Absence of classes among the people.
  5.                 Availability of iron technology.
  1.          Which one of the following best explains the reason which made Mozambique to use force during her struggle for independence?
  1.               A It was a mandated territory.
  2.                It was a trusteeship territory.
  3.                It adopted the Open Door Policy.
  4.                It was a settler colony.
  5.                 It was under indirect rule policy.

2.Match the following items in List B with those provided in List A.

LIST A

LIST B

  1.                      Death of Zwangendaba.
  2.                      Seyyid Said shifted his capital from Oman to Zanzibar.
  3.                      Merchantilism
  4.                      Christopher Columbus
  5.                      Berlin Conference
  1.               1884 to 1885
  2.               1845
  3.               Discovery of America
  4.               1840
  5.                Division of Africa through bilateral agreements.
  6.                A label given to international trade based on trade and commerce abroad.
  7.               Second stage of capitalism.
  8.               1830

3. Briefly answer the following questions:

(i)Differentiate between the tools made and used during the Old Stone Age and the Late Stone Age.

(ii) How medicine stimulated the interaction among the African people?

(iii) How did the people along the coast of East Africa use their natural environment to make salt?

(iv) Why did Portugal lead the search for the sea route to India?

(v) How did Asian goods reach Europe before the sea route was discovered by the Portuguese in the 15th century?

(vi) Why Carl Peters is regarded as an important person in the History of Tanganyika?

 


4.    Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.

  1.                      Portuguese were expelled from Fort Jesus.
  2.                      Vasco Da Gama reaches East Africa.
  3.                      Bartholomew Diaz reaches the Cape of Good Hope.
  4.                      Tanganyika becomes a mandate colony under the British.
  5.                      Britain becomes the first nation to undergo industrialization.

5.  Draw a sketch map of East Africa and locate the following:

  1.                The headquarters of East African Community
  2.              The capital city of a country whose president was overthrown in a coup in 1971.
  3.            The East African great slave market which was closed in 1873.
  4.            The headquarters of the Portuguese rule.
  5.              The region in Tanganyika which was the best reservoir of labour during the colonial period.

 

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries fifteen (15) marks.

6.    With concrete examples, assess six problems facing the current East African Community.

7.  Access six contributions made by discovery of fire to the development of human being.


8. “Missionaries prepared Africa for European colonization.” Discuss.

9. With examples show how the establishment of colonial economy affected the African societies. (Give six points).

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 78

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

MID TERM-1 EXAMINATION

PHYSICS FORM-3

2022- MARCH/APRIL

TIME: 2:30 HRS

Instructions

  1.   This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of eleven (11)  questions.
  2.    Answer all questions in sections A and B and two (2) questions  from section C.
  3.    Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in  the examination room.
  4.    Non-programmable calculators may be used.
  5.    Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer  booklet(s).
  6.   Where necessary the following constants may be used:
  1.  Acceleration due to gravity, g = 10 m/s 2
  2. Density of water = I .0 g/cm3
  3. Pie= 3.14.
  4.  Coefficient of linear expansivity of the brick 1.2 x 10 -5-1
  5.  Speed of light in air = 3 x 108 m/s. 
  6. Speed of sound in air = 340 m/s.

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Which pairs of instruments would you use to correctly measure the diameter of a small ball bearing?

  1.  Measuring tape and vernier caliper
  2.  Slide rule and micrometer screw gauge
  3.  Vernier caliper and slide rule
  4.  Micrometer screw gauge and vernier caliper
  5. Metre rule and micrometer screw gauge

(ii)Which one is a characteristic of a plane mirror?

  1. It forms image which is real and opaque.
  2. It forms an image which is larger than the object.
  3. It forms an image which is real and laterally inverted
  4. It forms an image which has the same size as the object.
  5. It forms an image which is smaller in size than the object.

(iii) The correct arrangement of metals in ascending order of their linear expansivities is?

  1. Iron, Copper, Invar, Brass and Nickel
  2. Nickel, Brass, Invar, Copper and Iron
  3. Brass, Copper, Nickel, Iron and Invar
  4. Invar, Iron, Nickel, Copper and Brass.
  5. Nickel, Brass, Iron, Invar and Copper.

(iv) Which of the following is the correct weight of a body of mass 48 g when placed on the moon surface?

  1.  0.48 N 
  2.  4.8 N
  3.  0.80 N
  4.  0.048 N
  5.  80.0 N. 

(v)The correct formula to find the elastic force constant (k) of a spring is

  1. Tension/extension
  2. mass/extension
  3. extension/mass
  4. extension/tension
  5. tension/mass

(vi) Why is oil used as a lubricant?

  1. It has low density.
  2. It is highly viscous.
  3. It is flammable.
  4. it is inflammable    
  5. It is less viscous. https://myfiles.space/user_files/30996_4958b541bbe404eb/1567953102_phy2018_files/image005.jpg

(vii) A bar of copper is heated from 293 K to 333 K. Identify a false statement among the following:

  1. Its density will increase slightly
  2. Its length will increase slightly
  3. Its electrical conduction will decrease slightly
  4. Its mass will not change
  5. Its weight will remain unchanged.

(viii) Which among the following is not a property of magnetic lines of force due to a bar magnet?

  1. They have a direction from North Pole to South pole outside the magnet
  2. They do not exist inside the magnet
  3. They have a direction from South pole to North pole inside the magnet
  4. They tend to be close inside the magnet but are wider apart outside the magnet 
  5. They form complete loops.

(ix) When an object moves around a horizontal circle of centre O with a constant speed, its acceleration will be

  1. zero
  2. towards the centre
  3. away from the centre
  4. along the tangent to the circle
  5. along the direction of rotation.

(x) Which statement about a wet-and-dry bulb hygrometer is correct?

  1. Wet bulb thermometers measure the temperature of the surrounding air.
  2. The temperature recorded by a wet-bulb thermometer is always larger than that recorded by a dry-bulb thermometer.
  3. When the difference in temperature recorded by wet and dry-bulbs is larger no water evaporates.
  4. The value of relative humidity is low when the temperature of wet and dry bulbs is the same.
  5. Wet-bulb is cooled by the process of evaporation of water.

2. Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Ability of liquids to rise or fall in a narrow tube.
  2. Tendency of an object to fall or drop to lower level in a fluid.
  3. Capacity of an object to float in a fluid.
  4. Attraction force between molecules of the same substance.
  5. Movement of particles from high concentration to low concentration.
  6. Tendency of matter to be in a state of random 
  1. Osmosis
  2. Surface tension
  3. Matter
  4. Buoyancy
  5. Cohesive
  6. Diffusion
  7. Plasticity
  8. Brownian motion
  9. Capillarity
  10. Viscosity
  11. Adhesive
  12. Elasticity
  13. Sinking


SECTION B (60 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. (a) Write down the second and third equations of motion in a straight line.

(b) Explain the following terms as they are applied in motion in a straight line:


(c)A stone is thrown vertically upwards with an initial velocity of 50 m/s.

(i) Calculate the time that the stone will take to return back to the thrower.

(ii) What will be the maximum height reached?

4. Three resistors of 2 Ω, 4 Ω   and 6 Ω   are connected in series to a battery of e.m.r 24 V and have negligible internal resistance.

(a) Draw the circuit diagram including the battery, ammeter, switch and the three resistors.

(b) Find the current flowing in the circuit drawn in 4 (a) above.

(c) Find the potential difference at the ends of each resistor in 4 (a).

5. (a) (i) What is meant by the term thermal expansion?

      (ii) Mention two applications of thermal expansion of solids.

(b)    (i) List three areas where bimetallic strips are used.

  (ii) Why a bimetal strip made of brass and invar is curved outside with brass?

(c)    Describe how simple fire alarm system operates.

6.  (a) State Pascal’s principle of pressure 

 
(b)  What are the three factors that affect the liquid pressure?

(c)  Calculate the area of an object if the pressure exerted is 0.2 N/m2 and its force is 2 N.

7.  (a) What are the uses of the following devices?

(i)  Manometer 

(ii)  Hare’s apparatus (inverted U-tube)

(iii)  U-tube 

(iv)  Barometer 

(b) Why a big Elephant manages to walk comfortably in muddy soil without sinking while a human being may sink easily?


8.  (a) Mention three uses of current electricity

(b) Why is it advised to connect bulbs in parallel arrangement during installation of electricity in most buildings?

SECTION C (25 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section

 

9.(a) State two conditions for a body to be in equilibrium.

(b) Distinguish between centre of mass and centre of gravity.

(c) A uniform metre rule AB is balanced horizontally on a knife edge placed 5cm from B with a mass of 60g at B. Find the mass of the ruler.

 

10.(a) Define the following terms as applied in Physics:

(i)Machine

(ii)Load

(b) Why is efficiency of machine less than 100%? Explain briefly.

(c) Simple machine was used to raise a load of weight 4000 N through a height of 0.8 m using an effort of 800 N. If the distance moved by effort was 4.8 m, calculate the: (i) Mechanical advantage. (ii) Velocity ratio.

11. (a) (i) Distinguish between primary and secondary cells, giving one example of each.

(ii) Identify two defects of a simple cell.

(b) (i) Explain why lead – acid accumulators are used in car batteries rather than dry cells?

(ii) A cell of unknown e.m.f, E and internal resistance 2? is connected to a 5? resistance. If the terminal p.d, V is 1.0V. Calculate the e.m.f, E of a cell.

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 77

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY   ANNUAL   EXAMINATION

FORM THREE-NOVEMBER 2021 

(For both School and Private Candidates)

CODE 012

TIME: 3:00 HOURS______________________________________________________

 

INSTRUCTIONS

 

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of nine (09) questions
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and three (03) questions from section C.
  3. All drawings should be in pencil
  4. Write your examination number on every page of your answer sheet provided.

 

SECTION A (20 MARKS)

Answer All questions in this section

 

  1. For each of the items (i-xv) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer sheet provided:
  1. Human activities against nature and production relations are fully understood through the study of:

 A: Archaeology  B: Literature

 C: History  D: Museums

 E: Archives

 

  1. Man started to be skillful and tool maker at the stage of:

A: Homo sapiens   B: Homo erectus

C: Homo habilis   D: Modern apes

E: Zinjanthropus

 

  1. Dr. Robert Moffat worked as a missionary in one of the following stations:

A: Salisbury   B: Kuruman

C: Blantyre   D: Maposeni

E: Rabai

 

  1. The Portuguese conquest of East Africa Coast was led by:

A: King Emmanuel  B: Ahmed Ibin Majid

C: Henry the Navigator  D: Vasco Salgado

E: Francesco D’ Almeida

 

 

  1. The leader of Chimulenga Uprising of 1896-1897 in Rhodesia were

A: Mkwati and Kinjikitile

B: Singinyamatish and Lobengula

C: Mkwati and Singinyamatish

D: Mkwati and Lobengula

E:   Lobengula and Rumunguru

 

  1. One of the notable United Nations failures in its objectives is its inability to:

A: Control food shortage

B: Eradicate colonial rule

C: Establish tributes for war criminals

D: Prevent big powers from violating its principles

E: Control poverty in Africa

 

  1. The core ideas of French Revolution were:

A: Slave trade, colonialism and Neo-colonialism

B: Market, raw materials and Cheap labour

C: Communalism, slavery and feudalism

D: Fratenity Liberty and Equality

E:   Scramble, Partition and Bogus treaties

 

  1. Asante was one of the forest states which resisted against the:

A: French   B: Germans C: Belgians

D: Dutch   E: British

 

  1. One of the features of Monopoly capitalism was:

A: The emergency of financial capital

B: The emergence of new small capitalist

C: A tremendous decline of commercial activities

D: Export of raw materials

E: Import of manufactured goods

 

  1. African countries have tried to bring about real independence through:

A: Setting new factories and political instabilities in Africa

B: Improving communication systems and military coups

C: Expanding Education and Agricultural practices

D: Establishing heavy industries and free market economy

E: Expanding agricultural production and administering trust territories

 

  1. Which of the following societies in West Africa were famous in using copper alloys for making various ornaments?

A: Ibo and Yoruba  B: Venda and Mashona

C: Maganja and Fulani  D: Yoruba and Mandika

E: Mandika and Ibo

 

  1. What is the most supreme organs of United Nations Organization?

A: Trusteeship council  B: Secretariat

C: Security Council  D: General Assembly

E: International court of Justice

 

  1. The period which man was able to make chopping and pebble tools s known as:

A: Late Stone Age  B: Old Stone Age

C: Middle Stone Age  D: Iron Age

E: Industrial Age

 

  1. Which among the following places did people extract salt from salt bearing rocks?

A: Uvinza and Taghaza  B: Taghaza and Bilma

C: Axum and Taghaza  D: Meroe and Egypt

E: Uvinza and Bilma

 

  1. The British colonial rule in East Africa constructed the Uganda railway in order to:

A: Attract more Europeans settlers to Kenya

B: Compete with the Imperial German East African rule

C: Provide cheap means of Transport for the East Africa People

D: Gain Easy access to resources surrounding the interlacustrine area

E: Facilitate Transportation of suppressive soldiers against the rebel Buganda

 

  1. Match the items in List a with those in B by writing the letter of the correct answer in the able provided:

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Khoi khoi
  2. 1806
  3. SamoriToure
  4. Mashoeshoe
  5. Vasco da Gama
  1. Mandika empire
  2. Founded Oyo Empire
  3. Introduced new method of fighting in Sotho kingdom
  4. The British and control of the cape
  5. Earliest inhabitants of southern Africa.
  6. Founded so the kingdom
  7. Linked Africa to Portuguese merchantalism
  8. Introduced barter system in south Africa
  9. Facilitated indirect rule in Uganda

 


SECTION B

 

  1. Briefly explain the following historical information

(i) Association

(ii) Mfecane ware

(iii) The Boer trek

(iv) Trans-Saharan trade

(v) Common wealth

(vi) Why Indirect rule was direct rule

 

 

  1. Arrange the following statements into chronological order by writing number 1 to 6 beside the item number:
  1. In 1964, Nelson Mandela was arrested and sent to jail.

 

  1. In 1949 the youth league launched its “programme of action” which aimed at attainment of freedom white domination.

 

  1. 3 National congress (SANNC) in 1912.

 

  1. African National Congress (ANC) led by Nelson Mandela established its armed wing known as “Umkonto we Swize” (spear of the nation) which immediately embarked upon military operations within south Africa.

 

  1. The imposition of capitalist relations of production in south Africa unlike other parts of the continent is underlined by racism. This made nationalist struggles in South Africa to be more complicated and long.

 

  1. The leaders who were not imprisoned such as Oliver Thambo fled into exile and tried to set up an ANC wing in friendly countries like Tanzania and Zambia.

 

  1. Draw a sketch of Africa on it locate the sites of African resistance.

 (i) A resistance fought between the African and German in South West                                           Africa

(ii) A resistance that African managed to fight for a long time with French in               West Africa

 (iii) A resistance that took place in in un colonized African nation in North                                           East of Africa.

(iv) Resistance between African and German with took place in 1891

(v) Shona and Ndebele fought against British on 1896 – 1897.

  

SECTION C 

  1. Explain six techniques used by colonialist to obtain labour during colonial period.

 

  1. Analyse six methods that were used by the imperialists in imposing their rule in Africa.

 

  1. The inherited problems from the colonial past are the hindrances to the development of African societies after independence. Justify this statement by giving six points.

 

  1. “It is historically understood that, the last country to attain her political independence was South Africa” With six (6) points explain the methods that were employed by black society in South Africa in the struggle for their liberation

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 67

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM THREE-AUG/SEPT 2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.


(i)The Jihad war in East Africa under Othman dan Fodio, Alhaj Omar and Ahmed Seku resulted into:

A. Formation of big empires like Mandinka and the Sokoto Caliphate

B. Formation of big empires like Mali and Songhai

C. Creation of small political entities 

D.  Formation of the state of Nigeria

E.  Disintegration of weaker states at the coast of West Africa.

(ii) Independent African states made attempt to increase food crops along cash crops of which Tanzania expressed the policy of:

A. Ujamaa villages

B. Musoma villages

C. Iringa resolution

D. Arusha declaration

E. Zanzibar resolution

(iii) Which of the following sectors of colonial economy favoured Europeans and Asians in Africa during colonial period? 

A.  Education, health, water, housing and roads.

B. Agriculture, mining, financial institutions, transport and commerce.

C. Agricultural schemes, labour bureaus and trade. 

D.  Industry, communication, harbours and banks.

E.  Transportation, health, mining, electricity and water services.


(iv) Man started to be skillful and tool maker at the stage of:

A. Homo Sapiens

B. Homo Erectus

C. Homo habilis

D. Modern apes

E.  Zinjanthropus


(v) The first British Governor in Kenya, Sir Charles Eliot, stressed on the:

A. constitution of the Uganda railway

B. establishment of settler economy

C.  creation of Kenya as the industrial centre for East Africa

D. introduction of steamers in Lake Victoria

E. integration of Kikuyu into plantation economy

(vi) The Portuguese conquest of the East African Coast was led by:

A. King Emmanuel

B. Ahmed Ibn Majid

C. Henry the Navigator

D. Vasco Salgado

E. Francisco D Almeida

(vii) The demise of the Portuguese in East African Coast could be explained as

  1. the Portuguese rivals overpowered them
  2. the Portuguese did not have enough soldiers and administrators to control their empire 
  3. Portuguese soldiers were corrupt and brutal
  4. the Portuguese control of the Indian Ocean trade and gold in Mwenemutapas empire was less profitable
  5. Portugal had already industrialised.

(viii) Written records as a source of history are more preferred to oral traditions because of the following reason.

  1. Written records do not require space
  2. Oral traditions can be exaggerated and it is difficult to reproduce the same contents
  3. Oral traditions are expressed in centuries
  4. Written records do not require language as a medium of communication
  5. Oral traditions are controlled by leaders of a given society.

(ix) The prominent groups of people in iron working in Africa included the 

  1. Venda people of Northern Africa and Mashona of Zimbabwe
  2. Mashona of Zambia and Manganja of Malawi
  3. Nubians of Sudan and the Venda of Northern Transvaal
  4. Nubians of Kongo and the Mashona of Zimbabwe
  5. Ibo and Yoruba in West Africa.

(x) One of the effects regarding the coming of Europeans to West Africa was 

  1. the introduction of iron technology
  2. establishment of heavy industries
  3. the growth of western Sudanic states
  4. the distortion of the Trans-Saharan Trade
  5. the decline of tribal wars.

(xi) Which of the following was not encouraged by the policies of Ujamaa in Tanzania? 

  1. The cooperative movement.
  2. Regional development for equity.
  3. Villagisation Camps.
  4. Peoples self projects.
  5. Peoples development through self reliance.


(xii) Which of the following statements is true about the ancient Empire of Mali? 

  1.        It first came into power with the defeat of Sundiata by Sumanguru.
  2.         It was overthrown by invasion from Ghana.
  3.         It extended its boundaries as far as Lake Chad.
  4.        It grew rich by controlling Trans Saharan trade.
  5.         It was formed after the collapse of Songhai Empire.


(xiii) The leader of Chimurenga uprising of 1896-1897 in Rhodesia were 

  1. Mkwati and Kinjekitile
  2. Siginyamatish and Lobengula.
  3. Mkwati and Siginyamatish.
  4. Mkwati and Lobengula.
  5. Lobengula and Rumunguru.

(xiv) Which is not true about History?

  1. History is a study of changes in the process of material production.
  2. History shows mans struggle against nature.
  3. History shows the changing relationship between human beings in the course of material production.
  4. History is a record of human activities.
  5. History is a study of great heroes.

(xv) The Unilateral Declaration of Independence (UDI) is the term used to denote: 

  1. independence given illegally by British to settlers in Rhodesia.
  2. the white settlers in Rhodesia declaring their independence. 
  3. British refusing to give independence to settlers in Rhodesia.
  4. Settlers in Rhodesia acquiring independence from Britain by force.
  5. Settlers rejection in Rhodesia to be given self-rule by the British.

2. Match the dates in Column I with the corresponding historical events in Column Il by writing the letter of the correct event beside the number of the date.

COLUMN I

COLUMN II

(i) 1919

(ii) 1957

(iii) 1963 

(iv) 1964

(v) 1975

A. The actual armed struggle began in Mozambique when FRELIMO guerrillas crossed into Niasa and Carbo Delgado Provinces.

B.Tanganyika got her independence. 

C. The Berlin Conference.

D. The Independence of Ghana under Kwame Nkrumah. 

E. End of German colonial rule in East Africa. 

F. End of British colonial rule in Zanzibar. 

G. Civil war erupted in Angola.

H. The Portuguese colonized Mozambique.

I. Tanganyika became a German mandate colony.

J. Maji Maji resistance against German colonial economy ended.

SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Briefly explain the following terms

  1. The theory of evolution of man
  2. Famous iron sites
  3. Linguistics
  4. Mwene mutapa Kingdom
  5. Centralized state


4.  Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.

  1. African nationalist politics in South Africa started with the formation of the South Africa Native National Congress (SANNC) in 1912.
  2. African National Congress (ANC) led by Nelson Mandela established its armed wing known as "Umkhonto we Sizwe" (Spear of the Nation) which immediately embarked upon military operations within South Africa.
  3. In 1949 the Youth League launched its "Programme of Action" which aimed at attainment of freedom from white domination.
  4. The imposition of capitalist relations of production in South Africa, unlike other parts of the continent, is underlined by racism. This made nationalist struggles in South Africa to be more complicated and long.
  5. In 1964, Nelson Mandela was arrested and sent to jail. Later in 1990 he was released and the majority rule was obtained in 1994
  6. Mandela died in 2013 after serving for one term

5.(a) Study the sketch map below and answer the questions that follow:

Name the city states numbered 1 to 5. Number 6 is done for you as an example.

  1. .
  2. .
  3. .
  4. .
  5. .
  6. Zanzibar.


SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries fifteen (15) marks.

6. Write a short essay about the Ghana Empire using the following hints or guidelines:

(i)Where and when was the Ghana Empire established?

(ii)Who was the founder of this empire?

(iii)What factors led to the decline or fall of the empire?

7. "Colonial social services consolidated colonialism in Africa." Justify this statement by giving six points.

8. Account for six reasons that led to the scramble for and partition of Africa in the second half of the 19th century.

9. Examine the reasons for the development of the Trans-Saharan Trade and the effects it brought in the Western Sudanic region.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 61

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY TERMINALEXAMINATION

FORM THREE-2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.            This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.            Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.            Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.            Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.            Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1. What was the achievement of man during the Middle Stone Age?
  1. Discovery of fire
  2. Development of bipedalism
  3.  Domestication of animals 
  4. Making and using pebble tools
  5. Discovery of iron
  1. Which one among the following places did people paint and draw in the caves?
  1. Sofala
  2.  Karagwe
  3. Kondoa Irangi
  4. Tabora
  5. Bagamoyo 
  1. The first creature to walk in an upright fashion was called
  1. Homo Erectus.
  2. Primates.
  3. Homo Sapiens. 
  4. Hominids.
  5. Homo Habilis. 
  1. Archaeological findings whose ages are beyond 5,000 years are determined by
  1. using archives.
  2. using carbon 14.
  3. remembering events. 
  4. using time charts.
  5.  narration of past events. 
  1. Which one of the following was the immediate consequence of the development of Triangular trade?
  1. Decolonization of African countries
  2. Disruption of trans-Saharan trade
  3. Scramble and partition of Africa
  4. Adaptation of the Open Door Policy
  5. Implementation of indirect rule policy
  1. America defeated her colonial master in 
  1. 1873.
  2. 1884. 
  3. 1945.
  4. 1776. 
  5. 1918.
  1.                     The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were
  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya 
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.
  1.                  The type of colonial agriculture which predominated in Kenya was
  1. plantation 
  2. peasant 
  3. co-operative 
  4. settler
  5. pastoralism.
  1. The first European nation to industrialize was
  1.  Germany 
  2.  Britain 
  3.  France 
  4.  Belgium 
  5.  Holland.
  1. The theory of evolution was proposed by
  1.  Louis Leakey 
  2.  Carl Peters 
  3.  Charles Darwin 
  4.  Henry Stanley 
  5.  Donald Cameron.
  1. Three pre-colonial modes of production which existed in Africa were
  1.  Socialism, capitalism and communism
  2.  Socialism, capitalism and communalism
  3.  Slavery, feudalism and communalism 
  4.  Slavery, feudalism and communism 
  5.  Socialism, capitalism and humanism.
  1.                     Which one among the following factors contributed to the rise of states in Africa?
  1.  Low level of productive forces.
  2.  Presence of chartered companies.
  3.  Hunting and gathering activities.
  4.  Absence of classes among the people.
  5.  Availability of iron technology.
  1.                  Who commanded the respect of all and acted as a unifying force among the Maasai?
  1.  Kabaka.
  2.  Omukama.
  3.  Morani.
  4.  Warriors.
  5.  Laibon.
  1.                   The most crucial changes in the evolution of man were 
  1.  bi-pedalism and development of the brain
  2. domestication of crops and animals
  3.  division of labour and expansion of agriculture
  4. establishment of settlements and domestication of crops
  5.  discovery of stone tools and fire.
  1.                     The period which man was able to make chopping and pebble tools is known as 
  1.  Late Stone Age
  2. Old Stone Age
  3.  Middle Stone Age
  4. Iron Age
  5. Industrial age.

2. Match the event with correct year given in the table provided:

Event 

Year.

  1. Berlin conference
  2. Discovery of skull of earlier man at olduvai gorge
  3. Introduction of multipartism
  4. Majimaji war
  5. First world war
  1. 1914-1918
  2. 1905-1907
  3. 1884-1885
  4. 1939-1945
  5. 1963
  6. 1961
  7. 1959
  8. 1927
  9. 1992

SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Answer the following questions briefly

  1. Give the meaning of the term “Stone Age Period.
  2. State two political factors which undermined the nationalistic struggle for majority rule in South Africa.
  3.                     Differentiate between patrilineal clan organization from matrilineal clan societies?
  4.                      Highlight two ways in the Cold War was fought.
  5. What were the terms of Berlin conference?
  6.                       Explain why the Allied Powers were able to defeat the Central Powers during the First World War.


 

4. Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.

  1. African nationalist politics in South Africa started with the formation of the South Africa Native National Congress (SANNC) in 1912.
  2. African National Congress (ANC) led by Nelson Mandela established its armed wing known as "Umkhonto we Sizwe" (Spear of the Nation) which immediately embarked upon military operations within South Africa.
  3. In 1949 the Youth League launched its "Programme of Action" which aimed at attainment of freedom from white domination.
  4. The imposition of capitalist relations of production in South Africa, unlike other parts of the continent, is underlined by racism. This made nationalist struggles in South Africa to be more complicated and long.
  5. In 1964, Nelson Mandela was arrested and sent to jail. Later in 1990 he was released and the majority rule was obtained in 1994.

5.   Draw a sketch map of East Africa and locate the following:

  1. The headquarters of East African Community
  2. The capital city of a country whose president was overthrown in a coup in 1971.
  3.                     The East African great slave market which was closed in 1873.
  4.                      The headquarters of the Portuguese rule.
  5. The region in Tanganyika which was the best reservoir of labour during the colonial period.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries fifteen (15) marks.

6. Explain six effects of the Indian Ocean trade on the East African Coastal inhabitants before 1500 AD.

7. Discuss six factors which led to the decline of the Trans-Atlantic trade.

8. Explain theterms of the Berlin conference

9. Explain why the Allied Powers were able to defeat the Central Powers during the First World War.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 52

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM EXAMINATION-MARCH

FORM THREE-2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (20 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

 (i) The Berlin Conference of 1884/85 was a result of........

  1. The decolonization process of Africa
  2. The development of capitalism into imperialism
  3. The development of colonialism into mercantilism
  4. The influence of Bismarck of German

(ii) By 1850 a few East Africa can societies were still under communalism because...........

  1. They had reached the stage of communalism
  2. Their major means of production were owned collectively
  3. They were practising African socialism
  4. They had passed feudalism to capitalism

(iii) The main factor which changed the economy of South Africa in the 19th C was that.......

  1. The Boers started dominating the African majority
  2. Gold and diamonds were discovered in large quantities
  3. The coloured became more prosperous than Boers
  4. Development of Agriculture

(iv)  Before 19th C, most African Kings expanded their empires through...........

  1. Conquering neighbouring clans, villages or states
  2. Making contracts with foreigners for military aid
  3. Signing bogus treaties
  4. Cheating their fellow leaders

(v) Who among the following supported greatly the idea to have a British empire from the Cape 

      to Cairo.................

  1. Sir George Goldie
  2. Cecil John Rhodes
  3. Frederick Lugard
  4. Sir Harry Johnston

(vi)  Why are Missionaries important in African History?............

  1. Brought in trade goods with them
  2. Established medical services
  3. Account of their expeditions and experiences attracted more Europeans
  4. Treated Africans very well

(vii) Karl Peter’s early success on promoting Germany interests on East Africa was.....

  1. In the Northern Zone Tanganyika
  2. In Zanzibar
  3. In the North area of Kenya
  4. Between the Pangani and Rufiji rivers in Usagara

(viii) The major forms of feudal relations on the interlacustrine region were..........

  1. Ntemiship, Mwinyi and Communalism
  2. Nyarubanja, Busulo and Ubugabire system
  3. Slavery, Umwinyi and Baganda
  4. Ubugabire, Selfdom and Busulo system

(ix) Some areas in Africa experienced more intensive scramble than others in 19th C because they

  1. Had no active Africans to resist colonialism
  2. Were still far behind in development
  3. Were economically strategic
  4.  Had Mediterranean climate favourable for Europeans

(x)  The East African societies that developed clan organization based on matrilineal system   

        Were..........

  1. Makua, Makonde, Yao and Kikuyu
  2. Baganda, Sukuma, Kurya and Haya
  3. Karamajong, Masai, Nyamwezi and Hadzabe
  4. Kamba, Luo, Nyambo, Hangaza and Sandawe

(xi)With fire man could?

  1.         Cultivate desert areas
  2.         Run faster than before
  3.         Roast his food and live in colder areas
  4.         Burn all forest and make desert

(xii)Which of the following was called able man?

  1.         Home Habilis
  2.         Homo Erectus
  3.         Primate
  4.         Zunjathropus

(xiii)Which is not a feature of primates?

  1.         Hairly body
  2.         Bipedalism
  3.         Quadrapedalism
  4.         Lived in forests.

(xiv)The following are exploitative social and economic organizations practiced in Pre Colonial Africa except;

  1. Capitalism
  2. Feudalism
  3. Communalism
  4. Slavery

(xv)The feudal system in Zanzibar was known as;

  1.                    Busulo
  2.                     Nyarubanja
  3.                     Ubugabire
  4.                    Umwinyi

2. Match the items in COLOMN I with the corresponding historical events in COLUMN II by writing the letter of the correct event beside the number of the item in your answer sheets provided;

COLUMN I

COLUMN II

(i) Nok culture

A. Places created for preserving historical information

(ii) Merchant capital

B. Motivated overseas discovery journeys in the 15th and 16th centuries

(iii) Kingship 

      organization

C. Launched by King Leopold II to spearhead the colonization of the 

     Congo

(iv) Productive forces

D. Name given to early iron age way of life in Central Nigeria

(v)The Tuta

E. A policy aimed at promoting French language, attitude to work and 

    culture on the colonial subjects


F. An exploitative relation between the cattle owning Tutsi and Hutu 

    agriculturalists


G. Settlements of freed slaves


H. A branch of Ngoni immigrants who settled North of modern Tabora 


I. Include the producers, their skills, experience and level of technology 

   attained by society at a given time.


J. Practiced by feudal society


L. Settled in Songea


M. Places where historical remains can be found


N. Scramble and partition of Africa

SECTION B (35 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section   

3  (a) Briefly explain the following;

  1. Why were Africans defeated in Maji Maji rebellion?
  2. What made sultan to transfer his capital from Oman to Zanzibar?
  3. Explain one impact of the Ngoni Migration
  4. Homo erectus was more successful in environment than Zinjathropus
  5. How did domestication of animals improve man’s life.

   (b) List down the main tactics used to impose Colonial Rule in Africa in the 19th Century

4     Arrange the following statements in a chronological order by using number 1 to 5;

         (i) Through the Helgoland Treaty Uganda and Witu were incorporated in the British 

               sphere of influence and German bought part of Sultan’s coastal strip

         (ii) The Berlin conference divided Africa into ‘spheres of influence’

         (iii) The Anglo-Germany Agreement defined the territories of Sultan of Zanzibar and   

                 European spheres of influence in East Africa.

         (iv) The German government took over the affairs of the Company.

         (v) The German East African Company attempted, unsuccessfully, to develop the Germany 

                sphere of influence.  

5.Draw a sketch map of Africa and indicate the following

  1.                                                                                                                                                  The country where earliest civilization began
  2.                                                                                                                                                  A country with the highest population in Africa
  3.                                                                                                                                                  A country ruled by Female president
  4.                                                                                                                                                  The country which experienced Genocide in 1994
  5.                                                                                                                                                  A country in which Apartheid was practiced.

SECTION C (45 MARKS)

Answer Three Questions Only 

6.  By using relevant examples, explain six main sources of obtaining historical information.

7. Analysis any six characteristics of the first exploitative mode of production.

8. Abolition of slave trade was a combination of several factors. Justify this statement by using 

    six points.

8. Account for any six reasons for partition of East Africa from 1886 to 1890.

9.  Analyse precisely any six factors which led to the failure of the company rule in Africa.

1 | Page

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 48

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM THREE-2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1. One reason for the Dutch settlement at the Cape in 1652 was to
  1. Create Dutch empire in South Africa.
  2. Place South Africa in the world capitalism.
  3. Defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized Indian oceans.
  4. Prepare a refreshment station for Dutch merchant from India.
  1. The main participants in East Africans long distance trade were
  1. Viumbundu, Arabs and Kamba.
  2. Yao, Kamba and Nyamwezi.
  3. Imbangala, Yao and Barbaig.
  4. Nyamwezi, Ngoni and Arabs.
  1. Scramble for Africa took place in the 19th C as a result of
  1. Merchantilism.
  2. Slave trading activities.
  3. Commercial capitalism.
  4. Industrial revolution in Europe.
  1. The abolition of slave trade in 19th C was followed by
  1. Berlin Conference.
  2. Formation of UNO.
  3. Introduction of legitimate trade.
  4. Bilateral agreements.
  1. The following involved continents of Africa. America and Europe between 15th C to 19th C
  1. Triangular trade
  2. Trans-saharan trade
  3. Merchantilism.
  4. Legitimate trade.
  1. Many Kings in West Africa participated in the slave trade because it:-
  1. Encourage trade in gold and salt.
  2. Brought them wealth.
  3. Enabled kings to visit Europe and America.
  4. Was considered as legitimate trade.
  1. The history of early man was associated with great discoveries of fire, pastoralism and farming during
  1. Neolithic and iron age.
  2. Middle stone age.
  3. Middle and late stone age.
  4. Old and middle stone age.
  1. The following treaty was signed for the closure of Zanzibar slave market
  1. Moresby treaty.
  2. Helogoland treaty.
  3. Harmatan treaty.
  4. Frere treaty.
  1. The rise of triangular slave trade was highly attributed by
  1. Humanitarian motives
  2. Industrial capitalism
  3. Intercontinental migration
  4. Maritime technology and discovery of new world.
  1. Important cities invaded by Portuguese in East Africa were
  1. Pemba and Unguja.
  2. Comoro and Lamu.
  3. Zanzibar and Witu.
  4. Kilwa and Mombasa.
  1. The people of West Africa had interaction with people of North Africa through
    1. Trans-saharan trade.
    2. Atlantic slavetrade.
    3. Wars
    4. Trans-continental trade.
  1. The professional traders in the Trans-saharan trade were called
    1. Barbaig.
    2. Bisa
    3. Galla and Segeju.
    4. Berbers.
  1. Which of the following is not a major source of history in Tanzania
    1. Written records
    2. Archives.
    3. Music.
    4. Museums.
  1. Chronological order of events can be presented through
    1. Time line and time charts.
    2. Carbon 14 dating.
    3. Studies of language and carbon 14.
    4. Anno Domino.
  1. The following is regarded as the systematic tool maker
    1. Chimpanzee.
    2. Homo habilis.
    3. Australopithecus.
    4. Primates.

2.Match the following items in List B with those provided in List A.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Death of Zwangendaba.
  2. Seyyid Said shifted his capital from Oman to Zanzibar.
  3. Merchantilism
  4. Christopher Columbus
  5. Berlin Conference
  1. 1884 to 1885
  2. 1845
  3. Discovery of America
  4. 1840
  5. Division of Africa through bilateral agreements.
  6. A label given to international trade based on trade and commerce abroad.
  7. Second stage of capitalism.
  8. 1830

SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer All Questions in this section

3.Answer the following questions briefly

  1. What agreement was reached during Anglo-Germany treaty of 1886?
  2. What was the significance of Berlin Conference to Africa?
  3. Why did some African societies resort to collaboration instead of resistance?
  4. Why did most Africans resort to active resistance?
  5. Why were Africans defeated in the Maji Maji Rebellion?
  6. Explain why colonists opted for indirect rule in parts of  Africa like Nigeria?

4.Arrange the following statements in chrological order writing the number in the answer sheet.

  1. Mkwawa escaped, he committed suicide in order to avoid capture.
  2. In 1891 the Hehe under Mkwawa clashed with German forces, killing about 290 Germans.
  3. After number of years the skull of Mkwawa was brought back.
  4. The colonialist scramble for East Africa involved two major competing powers.
  5. The pattern of response in Tanganyika was similar to that in Kenya.

5. Draw the map of East Africa and show the following:-

(i) Kenya – Uganda Railway.

(ii) Tanganyika Central Railway from Dar es Salaam, Tabor, Kigoma and Mwanza.

(iii) The Northern Railway from Dar es Salaam, Korogwe, Moshi to Arusha.

(iv) Mention at least four functions of these colonial railways.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer any three questions from this section. Each question carries fifteen marks

  1. Differentiate the following historical terms:-
    1. Black smith and handcraft
    2. Bipedalism and Zinjanthropus
    3. Middle Stone Age and new Stone Age.
  1. (a) What is Mfecane wars

(b) Mention the participants in the war

(c) Explain the causes of Mfecane wars.

  1. Explain the main factors which enabled Portuguese to reach the coast of East Africa by 15th century.
  1. Why did some African societies collaborated with European during the period of African resistances against colonial rule?

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 45

THE PRESIDENTS OFFICE

MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION

MOTHLY SERIES EXAMINATIONS

JANUARY 2021 HISTORY FORM 3

TIME: 2 HOURS                  30.01.2020

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consists of section A, B and C.
  • Answer all questions in section A and B, and only TWO questions from section C.

SECTION A

  1. For each of the following items choose the best answer from the given alternatives.
  1. One reason for the Dutch settlement at the Cape in 1652 was to
  1. Create Dutch empire in South Africa.
  2. Place South Africa in the world capitalism.
  3. Defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized Indian oceans.
  4. Prepare a refreshment station for Dutch merchant from India.
  1. The main participants in East Africans long distance trade were
  1. Viumbundu, Arabs and Kamba.
  2. Yao, Kamba and Nyamwezi.
  3. Imbangala, Yao and Barbaig.
  4. Nyamwezi, Ngoni and Arabs.
  1. Scramble for Africa took place in the 19th C as a result of
  1. Merchantilism.
  2. Slave trading activities.
  3. Commercial capitalism.
  4. Industrial revolution in Europe.
  1. The abolition of slave trade in 19th C was followed by
  1. Berlin Conference.
  2. Formation of UNO.
  3. Introduction of legitimate trade.
  4. Bilateral agreements.
  1. The following involved continents of Africa. America and Europe between 15th C to 19th C
  1. Triangular trade
  2. Trans-saharan trade
  3. Merchantilism.
  4. Legitimate trade.
  1. Many Kings in West Africa participated in the slave trade because it:-
  1. Encourage trade in gold and salt.
  2. Brought them wealth.
  3. Enabled kings to visit Europe and America.
  4. Was considered as legitimate trade.
  1. The history of early man was associated with great discoveries of fire, pastoralism and farming during
  1. Neolithic and iron age.
  2. Middle stone age.
  3. Middle and late stone age.
  4. Old and middle stone age.
  1. The following treaty was signed for the closure of Zanzibar slave market
  1. Moresby treaty.
  2. Helogoland treaty.
  3. Harmatan treaty.
  4. Frere treaty.
  1. The rise of triangular slave trade was highly attributed by
  1. Humanitarian motives
  2. Industrial capitalism
  3. Intercontinental migration
  4. Maritime technology and discovery of new world.
  1. Important cities invaded by Portuguese in East Africa were
  1. Pemba and Unguja.
  2. Comoro and Lamu.
  3. Zanzibar and Witu.
  4. Kilwa and Mombasa.
  1. The people of West Africa had interaction with people of North Africa through
  1. Trans-saharan trade.
  2. Atlantic slavetrade.
  3. Wars
  4. Trans-continental trade.
  1. The professional traders in the Trans-saharan trade were called
  1. Barbaig.
  2. Bisa
  3. Galla and Segeju.
  4. Berbers.
  1. Which of the following is not a major source of history in Tanzania
  1. Written records
  2. Archives.
  3. Music.
  4. Museums.
  1. Chronological order of events can be presented through
  1. Time line and time charts.
  2. Carbon 14 dating.
  3. Studies of language and carbon 14.
  4. Anno Domino.
  1. The following is regarded as the systematic tool maker
  1. Chimpanzee.
  2. Homo habilis.
  3. Australopithecus.
  4. Primates.
  1. Match the following items in List B with those provided in List A.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Death of Zwangendaba.
  2. Seyyid Said shifted his capital from Oman to Zanzibar.
  3. Merchantilism
  4. Christopher Columbus
  5. Berlin Conference
  1. 1884 to 1885
  2. 1845
  3. Discovery of America
  4. 1840
  5. Division of Africa through bilateral agreements.
  6. A label given to international trade based on trade and commerce abroad.
  7. Second stage of capitalism.
  8. 1830

LIST A

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)

LIST B

SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

  1. Briefly answer the following questions
  1. Differentiate between tools made and used during the old stone age and the late stone age.
  2. What was contribution of iron age to civilization of man.
  3. How did fire make life easier for man?
  4. Why did Portugal lead the search for the sea route to India.
  5. Why did the trans-Saharan trade come to an end.
  6. Why was carl Peters regarded as an important person in history of Tanganyika?
  1. Arrange the following statements in a chronological order.
    1. The eventual abolition of slave trade took place when Africa was being colonized.
    2. The Sultan was compelled to sign the new treaty not to allow the export of slaves outside East Africa.
    3. The abolition of slave trade in East Africa took place after 1820.
    4. However the flow of slaves continued and increased despite of the treaty.
    5. Indian Ocean trade introduced slave trade in East Africa.

1

2

3

4

5

  1. Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following by using roman numbers;
  1. The British east African colony where indirect rule policy was more successful
  2. The Portuguese colony whose nationalist leader was assassinated by a parcel bomb in Dar es salaam.
  3. The country where apartheid policy was applied.
  4. The Germany colony that resisted direct rule policy in 1904-1907
  5. The British colony where indirect policy was first experimented in Africa.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer any THREE questions from this section

  1. Explain any five (5) major effects of early contact between East Africa, Middle East and Far East.
  1. Trace the motives behind Ngoni migration into East Africa in the 19th C.
  1. Describe the major trade routes in the East African long distance trade.
  1. What were the economic reasons behind scramble and partition of Africa in the closing decades of 19th C.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 41

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

ANNUAL EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORYFORM-3

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

Instructions

  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of nine (9) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4.  All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)What are the major types of oral traditions?

  1. Museums and archives
  2.  Poems and proverbs
  3. Historical sites and narration of events
  4.  Archaeology and museum
  5.  Cultural practices and narration of events

(ii)What was the most common method of farming in pre-colonial Africa?

  1. Mixed farming 
  2. Plantation agriculture 
  3. Shifting cultivation
  4. Slash and burn cultivation
  5. Permanent crop cultivation

(iii) Colonialism was established through

  1.  post-colonial political changes.
  2. Violence and coercion
  3. piracy and plundering.
  4. Revolution and violence
  5. waylaying and bogus treaties.

(iv)The law that demanded the Africans to carry a labour card "Kipande" aimed at ensuring that

  1. the European colony is exploited effectively.
  2. there is effective occupation of the colony.
  3. the Africans should be allowed to grow cash crops.
  4. the welfare of the Africans were taken care of.
  5. the white farmers got a cheap supply of labour.

(v) The social challenges facing people in Africa include

  1. political instability and tribalism.
  2.  tribalism and neo-colonialism.
  3.  colonialism and illiteracy.
  4.  illiteracy and diseases.
  5.  corruption and lack of rule of law.

(vi)The first creature to walk in an upright fashion was called

  1. Homo Erectus.
  2. Primates.
  3. Homo Sapiens. 
  4. Hominids.
  5. Homo Habilis. 

(vii)What was the achievement of man during the Middle Stone Age?

  1. Discovery of fire
  2. Development of bipedalism
  3.  Domestication of animals 
  4. Making and using pebble tools
  5. Discovery of iron

(viii)Which one among the following places did people paint and draw in the caves?

  1. Sofala
  2.  Karagwe
  3. Kondoa Irangi
  4. Tabora
  5. Bagamoyo 

(ix)Who was the greatest ruler of Mali.

  1. Askia Mohamed
  2. Mansa Kankan Musa
  3. Osei Tutu  
  4. Uthman dan Fodio
  5. Suni Ali

(x) Which one of the following was the immediate consequence of the development of Triangular trade?

  1. Decolonization of African countries
  2. Disruption of trans-Saharan trade
  3. Scramble and partition of Africa
  4. Adaptation of the Open Door Policy
  5. Implementation of indirect rule policy

(xi) The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were

  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya 
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.

(xii)Who convened the conference which legalized the colonization of Africa?

  1. David Livingstone.
  2. Carl Peters.
  3. Otto Von Bismarck.
  4. Charles Darwin.
  5. Adolf Hitler.

(xiii)Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because

  1. the colonialists were interested in obtaining raw materials
  2. the colonialists stressed on the provision of social services
  3. the climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.

(xiv) The first European nation to industrialize was

  1.  Germany 
  2.  Britain 
  3.  France 
  4.  Belgium 
  5.  Holland.

(xv) The core ideas of the French Revolution were

  1.  slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialism
  2.  markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  3.  communalism, slavery and feudalism
  4.  fraternity, liberty and equality
  5.  scramble, partition and bogus treaties.

(xvi) The economic system of goods and services which comprised activities such as trade, manufacturing, agriculture and mining during the colonial era is called

  1.  Neo-colonialism 
  2.  Trusteeship 
  3.  Nationalism 
  4.  Bureaucracy 
  5.  Colonial economy.

(xvii) The family from which man evolved is known as

  1.  Zinjanthropus
  2.  Homo Habilis
  3.  Primates
  4.  Homo Sapiens
  5.  Homo Erectus.

(xviii) Which one among the following factors contributed to the rise of states in Africa?

  1.  Low level of productive forces.
  2.  Presence of chartered companies.
  3.  Hunting and gathering activities.
  4.  Absence of classes among the people.
  5.  Availability of iron technology.

(xix) Which one of the following best explains the reason which made Mozambique to use force during her struggle for independence?

  1. A It was a mandated territory.
  2.  It was a trusteeship territory.
  3.  It adopted the Open Door Policy.
  4.  It was a settler colony.
  5.  It was under indirect rule policy.

(xx) The most crucial changes in the evolution of man were

  1.  bi-pedalism and development of the brain
  2. domestication of crops and animals
  3.  division of labour and expansion of agriculture
  4. establishment of settlements and domestication of crops
  5.  discovery of stone tools and fire.

2. Match the stems in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) A person who stated that man developed from an ape-like creature. 

(ii) A person who created the kingdom of Mwenemutapa.

(iii) A person who played a vital role in the mass killing of Jews in Europe.

(iv) A person who established a fascist ideology in Italy.

(v) A person who formed the Royal Niger Company which operated in West Africa.

  1. Adolf Hitler
  2. Fredrick Lugard
  3. Charles Darwin
  4. Mungo Park
  5. Idd Amin Dada
  6. Louis Leakey
  7. Yoweri Museveni
  8. Mutota
  9. King Leopold
  10. Lobengula
  11. Benito Mussolini
  12. Cecil Rhodes
  13. Keneth Kaunda
  14. David Livingstone
  15. George Goldie
  16. Robert Mugabe
  17. Nelson Mandela
  18. Fredrick Chiluba
  19. Migrant Labourer
  20. Secretary-General

3.Answer the following questions briefly:

(i)Mzee Juma is an illiterate man with 89 years of age. He narrates past political events to his grand child who is eighteen years old. Why such method used by Mzee Juma is considered as an unreliable source of historical information?

(ii)Why the Germany colonial agents would not forget the Hehe resistance?

(iii)How would you relate the French Assimilation policy and destruction of African culture?

(iv)How would you prove that colonial education was an agent of division and racism in colonial Africa?

(v)Why Adolf Hitler is blamed for the occurrence of the Second World War?

(vi)Why some historians consider Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck as the architect of the partition of the African continent?

4. (a) Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number in your answer booklet.

(i) Before 1800 AD, Africa and its interior were not known to the outside world.

(ii) Europeans took interest in Africa’s strategic areas with fertile land, minerals and navigable rivers.

(iii) The interior of Africa was exposed to the European world after the work of agents of colonialism.

(iv) By 1880s, many European nations rushed and grabbed parts of the African continent claiming they were their areas of influence.

(v) Reports of the existence of snow-capped mountains in the interior of Africa attracted great interest in the continent.

3. (a) Draw a sketch map of the new East Africa Community and locate by using roman numbers;

(i) The member state in which an identity card (Kipande) was given to the labourer during colonial economy era.

(ii) The headquarters of the committee which was responsible for coordinating the activities of national liberation movements for eradicating colonialism in Africa.

(iii) The country in which the 1994 genocide took place.

(iv) The country whose Common Man’s Charter intended to transform it into a socialist state.

(v) The Trusteeship colony under the British from 1945 to 1961.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

6.Explain six significance of studying History.

7.Critically examine six effects of the legitimate trade in West Africa.

8. Discuss the impact of the Dutch settlement at the Cape by giving six points.

9. Explain six prerequisites for state formation in pre-colonial Africa.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 32

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY  FORM-3

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

Instructions

  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of nine (9) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4.  All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) What are the major types of oral traditions? 

  1. Museums and archives
  2.  Poems and proverbs
  3. Historical sites and narration of events
  4.  Archaeology and museum
  5.  Cultural practices and narration of events 

(ii) What was the most common method of farming in pre-colonial Africa?

  1. Mixed farming 
  2. Plantation agriculture 
  3. Shifting cultivation
  4. Slash and burn cultivation
  5. Permanent crop cultivation

(iii) Colonialism was established through 

  1.  post-colonial political changes.
  2. Violence and coercion
  3. piracy and plundering.
  4. Revolution and violence
  5. waylaying and bogus treaties.

 (iv) The law that demanded the Africans to carry a labour card "Kipande" aimed at ensuring that

  1.  the European colony is exploited effectively.
  2.  there is effective occupation of the colony.
  3.  the Africans should be allowed to grow cash crops.
  4.  the welfare of the Africans were taken care of.
  5. the white farmers got a cheap supply of labour.

(v)   The social challenges facing people in Africa include 

  1. political instability and tribalism.
  2.  tribalism and neo-colonialism.
  3.  colonialism and illiteracy.
  4.  illiteracy and diseases.
  5.  corruption and lack of rule of law.

 

(vi)  The first creature to walk in an upright fashion was called

  1. Homo Erectus.
  2. Primates.
  3. Homo Sapiens. 
  4. Hominids.
  5. Homo Habilis. 

(vii)  What was the achievement of man during the Middle Stone Age?

  1. Discovery of fire
  2. Development of bipedalism
  3.  Domestication of animals 
  4. Making and using pebble tools
  5. Discovery of iron

(viii)  Which one among the following places did people paint and draw in the caves?

  1. Sofala
  2.  Karagwe
  3. Kondoa Irangi
  4. Tabora
  5. Bagamoyo 

(ix) Who was the greatest ruler of Mali.

  1. Askia Mohamed
  2. Mansa Kankan Musa
  3. Osei Tutu  
  4. Uthman dan Fodio
  5. Suni Ali

 

(x) Which one of the following was the immediate consequence of the development of Triangular trade?

  1. Decolonization of African countries
  2. Disruption of trans-Saharan trade
  3. Scramble and partition of Africa
  4. Adaptation of the Open Door Policy
  5. Implementation of indirect rule policy

 

(xi) The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were

  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya 
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.

 

(xii)Who convened the conference which legalized the colonization of Africa?

  1. David Livingstone.
  2. Carl Peters.
  3. Otto Von Bismarck.
  4. Charles Darwin.
  5. Adolf Hitler.

(xiii) Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because

  1. the colonialists were interested in obtaining raw materials
  2. the colonialists stressed on the provision of social services
  3. the climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.

(xiv) The first European nation to industrialize was

  1.  Germany 
  2.  Britain 
  3.  France 
  4.  Belgium 
  5.  Holland.

(xv) The core ideas of the French Revolution were

  1.  slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialism
  2.  markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  3.  communalism, slavery and feudalism
  4.  fraternity, liberty and equality
  5.  scramble, partition and bogus treaties.

(xvi) The economic system of goods and services which comprised activities such as trade, manufacturing, agriculture and mining during the colonial era is called

  1.  Neo-colonialism 
  2.  Trusteeship 
  3.  Nationalism 
  4.  Bureaucracy 
  5.  Colonial economy.

(xvii) The family from which man evolved is known as

  1.  Zinjanthropus
  2.  Homo Habilis
  3.  Primates
  4.  Homo Sapiens
  5.  Homo Erectus.

(xviii) Which one among the following factors contributed to the rise of states in Africa?

  1.  Low level of productive forces.
  2.  Presence of chartered companies.
  3.  Hunting and gathering activities.
  4.  Absence of classes among the people.
  5.  Availability of iron technology.

(xix) Which one of the following best explains the reason which made Mozambique to use force during her struggle for independence? 

  1. A It was a mandated territory.
  2.  It was a trusteeship territory.
  3.  It adopted the Open Door Policy.
  4.  It was a settler colony.
  5.  It was under indirect rule policy.

(xx) The most crucial changes in the evolution of man were 

  1.  bi-pedalism and development of the brain
  2. domestication of crops and animals
  3.  division of labour and expansion of agriculture
  4. establishment of settlements and domestication of crops
  5.  discovery of stone tools and fire.

 

2. Match the stems in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) A person who stated that man developed from an ape-like creature. 

(ii) A person who created the kingdom of Mwenemutapa.

(iii) A person who played a vital role in the mass killing of Jews in Europe.

(iv) A person who established a fascist ideology in Italy.

(v) A person who formed the Royal Niger Company which operated in West Africa.

  1. Adolf Hitler
  2. Fredrick Lugard
  3. Charles Darwin
  4. Mungo Park
  5. Idd Amin Dada
  6. Louis Leakey
  7. Yoweri Museveni
  8. Mutota
  9. King Leopold
  10. Lobengula
  11. Benito Mussolini
  12. Cecil Rhodes
  13. Keneth Kaunda
  14. David Livingstone
  15. George Goldie
  16. Robert Mugabe
  17. Nelson Mandela
  18. Fredrick Chiluba
  19. Migrant Labourer
  20. Secretary-General

 

 

3. Answer the following questions briefly:

(i) Mzee Juma is an illiterate man with 89 years of age. He narrates past political events to his grand child who is eighteen years old. Why such method used by Mzee Juma is considered as an unreliable source of historical information?

(ii) Why the Germany colonial agents would not forget the Hehe resistance?

(iii) How would you relate the French Assimilation policy and destruction of African culture?

(iv) How would you prove that colonial education was an agent of division and racism in colonial Africa?

(v) Why Adolf Hitler is blamed for the occurrence of the Second World War?

(vi) Why some historians consider Chancellor Otto Von Bismarck as the architect of the partition of the African continent?

4. (a) Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number in your answer booklet.

(i) Before 1800 AD, Africa and its interior were not known to the outside world.

(ii) Europeans took interest in Africa’s strategic areas with fertile land, minerals and navigable rivers.

(iii) The interior of Africa was exposed to the European world after the work of agents of colonialism.

(iv) By 1880s, many European nations rushed and grabbed parts of the African continent claiming they were their areas of influence.

(v) Reports of the existence of snow-capped mountains in the interior of Africa attracted great interest in the continent.

 

3. (a) Draw a sketch map of the new East Africa Community and locate by using roman numbers;

(i) The member state in which an identity card (Kipande) was given to the labourer during colonial economy era.

(ii) The headquarters of the committee which was responsible for coordinating the activities of national liberation movements for eradicating colonialism in Africa.

(iii) The country in which the 1994 genocide took place.

(iv) The country whose Common Man’s Charter intended to transform it into a socialist state.

(v) The Trusteeship colony under the British from 1945 to 1961.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

6. Explain six significance of studying History.

7.  Critically examine six effects of the legitimate trade in West Africa.

8. Discuss the impact of the Dutch settlement at the Cape by giving six points.

9. Explain six prerequisites for state formation in pre-colonial Africa.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 27

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

HISTORY- TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM THREE

TIME: 2HRS                                                                    2020

NAME:______________________________CLASS:___________

INSTRUCTIONS

Instructions:

  1. This paper consitts of Section A,B ad C.
  2. Answer all questions in section A,B and three questions from section C.
  3. Write your answers on the given answer sheets 
  4. Write your full names at the top of  every page
  5. Time is three hours 

SECTION A (20MARKS)

1.Under each of the following items, there are five statements. One of the statements best completes the setences labelled from i-x. Identify the statement and write down its letter

(i) The berlin conference 0f 1884/85 was a result of 

  1. The decolonization process
  2. Neo-colonialism
  3. The Influence of Bismarck of Germany
  4. The development of capitalism to imperialism
  5. The development of mercantalism

(ii) The firt people who lived in the Interlucustrine region of East Africa were the:

  1. Chagga 
  2. Bachwezi 
  3. Luo 
  4. Bantu 
  5. Batembuzi 

(iii) The portuguese were mostly interested in the following activities in East Africa

  1. Spreading christianity 
  2. Spreading Islam
  3. Adventure and tourism
  4. Controling the wealth of this part of Africa
  5. Destroying the towns along the coats

(iv) The followign are the stages in evolution of man

  1. Zinjathropus,Home Erectus,Homosapiens,homohabilis
  2. Chimpanzee,Homo Erectus,Zinjathropus
  3. Modern Apes,old Apes,Chimpanzee,Homosapiens
  4. Chimpanzee,Zinjathropus,Homohabilis,Homo Erectus
  5. Food,shelter,clothes,health services

(v) The following were the main participants in Long Distance Trade in East Africa

  1. Yao,Barbaig,Arabs and Mandinka
  2. Ngoni, Tuareg,Arabs and Mazrui
  3. Chagga, Maasai and Bena 
  4. Yao,Nyamwezi and Kamba
  5. Imbagala, Vimbundu and Arabs.

(vi) The earliest socal organization from ehich each society has passed through is;

  1. Slavery 
  2. Socialism 
  3. Feudalism 
  4. Communalism 
  5. Monopoly 

(vii) The ability of the early man to walk by using two limbs is known as;

  1. Homosapiens
  2. Revolution 
  3. Evolution 
  4. Bipedalism 
  5. Adoption 

(viii) The origin of the ngoni speaking people is historically believed to be in;

  1. Soweto in South Africa
  2. Arusha Tanzania
  3. Pretoria in South Africa
  4. Natal in South Africa
  5. Kigoma in Tanzania

(ix) History is the study of;

  1. Future facts 
  2. Past,present and future tense
  3. Past selected information
  4. Man’s activities against nature through various steges of development
  5. Ujamaa in traditional African societies

(x) The NOK region in West Africa was famous in;

  1. Pastoralism 
  2. Agriculture and pastoralism
  3. Salt making
  4. Iron smelting
  5. Fishing and lumbering

2.Match the dates in list A with thehistorical event in list B by writing the letter of the correct event.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) 1810-1860

(ii) 1873-1895

(iii) 1905-1907

(iv) 1886

(v) 1896-1897

(vi) 1884-1885

(vii) 1870-1871

(viii) 1877-1888

(ix) 1959

(x) 1869

  1.  Jomo Kenyatta died
  2. The dicovery of the skull of the earliest man at olduvai Gorge by Dr.Louis Leakey
  3. The Russo-Turkish war
  4. Franco-German war
  5. The Berlin Conference
  6. The opening up of suez canal
  7. Anglo-German treaty
  8. Majimaji uprising
  9. The economic depression
  10. Kinjektile was arested by German troops
  11. Mau mau uprising
  12. Ndebele and Shona resistance
  13. Ngoni migration

 SECTION B: (20MARKS)

3.(a)Draw a sketch map of East Africa and mark the following historical sites;

Olduvai Gorge, Fort Ternan, Rusinga Island, Kondoa and Nsongezi.

(b) State the historical significance of the sites mentioned in (a) above.

4.Identify the incorrect historical statements in the following items and write  its letter beside the item number.

(A) The Berlin Conference resolved to abolish slave in all Europeans occupied territories.

(B) The Berlin Conference of 1884/1885 was an imperialist conference which brought together European and African chiefs to divide Africa.

(C) The Berlin conference legalized the division of African countries among European capitalists

(D) The Berlin Conference declared the basins of Nile,Niger and Congo rivers as free zones.

II. (A) Oral tradition keeps on changing as time passes

(B) Oral tradition are not biased

(C) Oral tradition is mainly useful to illiterate society

(D) Oral tradition can be obtained through the use of cultural practices such as music,poems,songs,proverbs and riddles.

III. (A) Selling war prisoners were one of the methods used to obtain slaves in East Africa.

(B) Slaves were obtained by preaching good news to them

(C) Frequent burning of villages added the number of slaves to slave traders.

(D) Slave traders raided villages during nights to capture slaves.

 IV. (A) The East African long distance trade involved the Arabs and Nyamwezi

(B) The Arabs were not interested in slaves during long distance trade

(C) One of the principle exports during long distance trade was ivory from the interior

(D) Due to long distance trade,Zanzibar under Sultan Seyyid Said became well known to Arab countries.

V. (A) The south African Boers introduced the Bantustan policy in South Africa as one of the strategies to control liberation struggles.

(B) In addition, they encouraged the formation of the Patriotic front

(C) Besides, they established a law prohibiting whites to marry blacks

(D) More over, they established the constructive engagement policy in the neighbouring Namibia.

SECTION C: (60 MARKS)

5. Explain the resolutions of the Berlin Conference of 1884-1885.

6. Differentiate between scramble and partition of Africa in the second half of the 19th Century. With examples briefly explain what caused them.

7. Discuss the sources on the basis in which historical information is reconstructed.

8. Account for the tactics used by Europeans to impose colonial rule in Africa .

9. Through their activities the missionaries became forerunners of colonialism. Justify this statement.

10. With examples explain the significance of the Berlin conference of 1884-1885

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 16

 

THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

FORM THREE MID TERM EXAMINATIONS- MARCH 2020

012                                                                              HISTORY

 

Duration: 2:30 Hours

 

INSTRUCTIONS.

 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of Nine (9) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and three (3) questions from section C
  3. All answers must be written in the spaces provided.
  4. All writing must be in blue or black ink.
  5. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

 

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

 

1. For each of the following items (i – xv) choose the correct answer from among of given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number:

 (i) The appearance of both Zinjathropus and Homo habilis marked the beginning of a period in man’s history known as.

            (a) Neolithic Age

            (b) Modernization Age

            (c) Early Stone Age

            (d) Middle Stone Age

            (e) Pre – colonial period.

(ii) The following are the limitations of archaeology as a source of historical knowledge except:

            (a) Time factor is very relative

            (b) Humid climate causes decay of artifacts

            (c) It is more employed in Engaruka valley than Egypt.

            (d) Difficult to know the culture, language and beliefs of the Artifacts.

            (e) It takes time and very expensive.

(iii) The British took over Tanganyika after 1918 because:

            (a) It was the end of the First World War.

            (b) They were asked by the League of Nations

            (c) They defeated the Germans.

            (d) The Germans were not able to separate the war.

(iv) During the colonial period provision of social services was not given priority to Africans because:

            (a) Arabs and Portuguese had provided social services before colonialism.

            (b) Africans refused modernity.

            (c) Africans had all social services.

            (d) Social services were part of profit to European Capitalists

            (e) Social services were not part of profit to European Capitalists.

(v) Some areas in Africa experienced more intensive Scramble than others in the 19th century because:

            (a) Had no active Africans to resist Colonialism

            (b) Were still for behind in development.

            (c) Were good for hunting and gathering fruits.

            (d) Had Mediterranean climate favorable for Europeans.

            (e) Were economically strategic.

(vi) Which one among the following statements is not true about the discoveries made by man during the middle stone age?

            (a) Development of sharper, smaller and portable tools.

            (b) Introduction of stone picks spears, arrows, knives and needles.

            (c) Use of wooden and bone materials to facilitate production.

            (d) Discovery of fire.

            (e) Emergence of social cultural groups and ethnic groups.

(vii) Which of the following best describes the Stone Age Era?

            (a) When man used stone artifacts widely in his daily life.

            (b) When stones were formed on earth.

            (c) When man used stones widely as ornaments.

            (d) When Africans used stones to fight against invaders 

            (e) When stone became a major commodity in a long distance trade.

(viii) Why are Missionaries important in Africa History?

            (a) Treated Africans very well

            (b) Brought in trade goods with them.

            (c) Accounts of their expeditions and experience attracted more Europeans.

            (d) Established medical services.

            (e) Introduced civilization in Africa.

(ix) Carl Peters signed a number of treaties with African Chiefs on the coastal hinterland of Tanganyika because he wanted to:

            (a) Please Chancellor Bismarck.

            (b) Establish unity among African Chiefdoms.

            (c) Accomplish Colonial economic motives of the German East Africa Company.

            (d) Accomplish the signing to the Heligoland Treaty.

            (e) Recruit the Chief of Msovero to become member of the German East African Company.

(x) The Trans Atlantic Slave Trade had the following outcomes, except:

            (a) Loss of African culture

            (b) Loss of African technology

            (c) Loss of man power in Africa.

            (d) The growth of forest states of Benin, Oyo and Ife.

            (e) Scramble of Africa by European Nations.

(xi) The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were

  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.

(xii)Which of the following are included in the museums?

  1. Cultural, social and economic items from the earliest time to the present.
  2. Remains which show man’s past made and used tools.
  3. Cultural practices such as art, music religion and riddles.
  4. Colonial records and early traveller’s records.
  5. Special names of generations, clan trees and tribal chronology.

(xiii) The period which was characterized by intense competition and warfare among the Europeanstates during the 17th century is called

  1. capitalism
  2. mercantilism
  3. feudalism
  4. industrial revolution
  5. scramble.

(xiv)When did most parts of East Africa adopt iron technology?

  1. 1st millennium AD.
  2. 1st millennium BC.
  3. 3rd millennium AD.
  4. 2nd millenium AD.
  5. 2nd millennium BC.

(xv) Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because

  1. the colonialists were interested in obtaining raw materials
  2. the colonialists stressed on the provision of social services
  3. the climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.

 

 

 

 2. Match the items in LIST A with the correct responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the response beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Vasco Da Gama

(ii) Kinjekitile Ngwale

(iii) Carl Peters

(iv) Samori Toure

 (v) 1967

 

A. The organization of African Unity gave birth to African Union.

B. Genocide in Rwanda

C. The Policy of socialism and self reliance was introduces in Tanzania

D. Imperialist plan against progressive and revolutionary leadership in independent Africa.

E. Facilitated Indirect rule in Uganda

F. Nyamwezi

G. A German Imperial agent in East Africa.

H. Contributed to the rise of Nationalism in Zimbabwe.

I. The Founder of KANU

J. Mandika Empire

K. Used water ideology to organize people against German rule.

L. Linked African to Portuguese mercantile.

M. Resisted German rule in Namibia.

 

 

SECTION B: 35 Marks

 

3.  Answer the following questions briefly

  1. What is the advantages of use of written sources of history other than oral sources.
  2. What was the role of colonial companies in administration
  3. How did US contribute to the end of second world war
  4. What could have happened if Berlin conference was not convened?
  5. What were commodities exchanged during trans-saharan trade
  6. What is the contribution of Dr. Leakey in archeology studies?

 

4.         Arrange the following  historical statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 6 beside the item number in answer booklet provided.

  1. The immediate cause of discontent was the government cotton scheme
  2. In 1905, a prophet named Kinjekitile Ngwale living at Ngarambe declared war against Germans
  3. The immediate effect of the war was famine, destruction of villages, and disintegration of families
  4. Africans were defeated by the year 1907.
  5. Majimaji was the most serious resistance against german rule which broke out in 1905 in southern Tanganyika.
  6. Kinjekitile was captured and killed by the Germans.

3. (a) Draw sketch Map of East Africa and mark the following historical sites.

            (i) Olduvai Gorge

            (ii) Rusinga Island

            (iii) Kondoa Irangi

            (iv) Nsogezi.

            (v) Fort Jesus

    (b) State the Historical significance of the sites mentioned in (a) above.

SECTION C: 45 Marks

5. Compare and contrast British and French systems of administration as practiced in Africa during the colonial period.

 

 

7. With examples explain six reasons for African resistances to colonial rule

 

8. Account for the rise of state organization in pre-colonial Africa.

 

9. What factors led to the rise of trans-Saharan Trade?

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM THREE HISTORY EXAM SERIES 10

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