FORM FOUR HISTORY EXAMS SERIES

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

 

032/1                                                HISTORY   FORM FOUR

TIME: 3 HOURS                                                                                 NOVEMBER 2022

 

INSTRUCTIONS

 

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of nine (09) questions
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and three (03) questions from section C.
  3. All drawings should be in pencil
  4. Write your examination number on every page of your answer sheet provided.

 

SECTION A: (20 MARKS)

1. For each of the items (i - xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternative and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided

  1.               He has to live among the people so as to learn and understand their culture, beliefs and ideologies, who is this?

A.   Historian

B.    Anthropologists

C.    Archaeologist

D.   Archivist

E.    Australopithecus

  1.             Man started to be skilful and tool maker at the stage of

A.   Homo Sapiens

B.    Homo Eructus 

C. Homo Habilis 

D. Zinjanthropus

 E. Modern Apes

  1.           Who among the following was the leader who led the Portuguese conquest of East African coast

A.   King Emanuel

B.   Ahmed Ibin Majid

C.   Henry the Navigator

D.   Vasco - Da - Gama 

E. Bartholomew Diaz

  1.           A pre — colonial system of governance whereby a leader shared responsibilities and administrative powers with subordinates was known as

A.   Indirect rule

B.   Power sharing

C.   Association policy

D.   Ubusoka system

E.    Assimilation policy

  1.             The system of destroying pre — capitalist economic production was done through

A.   De - industrialization policy

B.    Apartheid policy

C.    Neo - colonialism

D.   Colonialism

E.    Collaboration

  1.           Despite Italians late joined in the process of scramble for Africa, they gained a strong hold in

A.     Somali land

B.     Eritrea

C.     Tunisia

D.     Libya

E.     Ethiopia

  1.         He helped the British colonialists to colonize parts of Ugandaimage

A.   Uthman Dan Fodio

B.    Samoei Koitalel

C.    Semei Kakunguru

D.   Ignatius Musazi 

E. Samore Toure

  1.      The predominant form of colonial agriculture in British colonies in west Africa

A.   Peasant agriculture

B.    Settler Agriculture

C.    Plantation Agriculture

D.   Pastoralism Agriculture

E.    Mixed Agriculture

  1.           French assimilation policy granted the same rights as French citizens firstly in the following old towns of west Africa

A.   Lagos, Accra, Bamako and Lome

B.    St. Louis, Dakar, Rufsique and Goree'

C.    Alexandria, Durban, Cape Town and Natal

D.   Dakar, Lome, Accra and Gore'e

E.    Dakar, Lagos, Durban and Cor'ee

  1.             How did the effects of Berlin conference of 1884/ 1885 spark the world war one?

A.   It caused scramble for Africa

B.    It unequally divided the world

C.    It sparked Balkan Crisis

D.   Britain got few colonies

E.    Legalize the partition of Africa

  1.           Ghana empire broke apart due to the following reason

A.   Attacks from Almoravids

B.    Role of Trans — Saharan Trade

C.    Role of Simanguru

D.   Attacks from Banyoro

E.    The coming of European

  1.         The British colonial rule in East Africa Constructed the Uganda railway lines in order to..

A.   Attract more Europeans settlers

B.    Compete with the imperial German East African rule

C.    Provide cheap means of transport for the East African people

D.   Gain easy access to resources surrounding the interlacustrine area

E.    Facilitate transportation of suppressive soldiers against the rebel Uganda

  1.      The prolonged political conflicts in Congo forced United Nations to form a special peace keeping force known as....

A.   UNAMID

B.    MONUSCO

C.    UNHABITAT

D.   UNICO

E.    UNITA

  1.       The mastermind of Zanzibar revolution of 1964 was........image

A.  Abdulrahman Babu

B.   John Okello

C.   Alli Muhsin

D.  Zuberi Shante

E.   Amani Karume image

  1.         Tanzania adopted the new economic strategy in 1967 with the titleimage

A.   Operation feed your self

B.   Ujamaa and self reliance

C.   Humanism

D.   Common man's charter

E.    Independence now

2. Match the description in LIST A with the corresponding names of the resistances in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number

 

LIST A

 

LIST B

(i)

Its leader fought a war with the French in 1891 using the guerrilla warfare technique for about seven ears before he was defeated

A

The Yao resistance

(ii)

Its leader got the support from king Mangasha the king of Tinger, that's why it was easy for him to win the battle

B

Bunyoro resistance

(iii)

Caused by the outbreak of rinder — pest in 1903 that led to the deprivation of their catter were by the religious leaders expounded this event as a curse from God for their association with Germans

C

Nama and Herero resistance

(iv)

Charles Mac Carthy, the commander of the British force was killed

D

Shona — Ndebele resistance

v

Or anized b Kabare aa ainst British

E

The battle of Adowa

 

 

F

Mandinka resistance

 

 

G

Nandi resistance

 

 

H

The An lo — Asante war

SECTION B: (35 MARKS)

3.   Briefly answer the following questions

  1.               How industrial revolution contributed in the abolition of slave trade in the 19thC?
  2.             Show how did Arusha declaration changed social and economic relations in Tanzania.
  3.           Why did the headquarters of organization of African Unity was established at Addis Ababa?
  4.           Anglo - German Agreement of 1886 set the East African coast strip of 10 miles to Sultan of Zanzibar, what was the intention of this decision?
  5.             How did the presence of Zimba and Segeju lift the mark in the Portuguese rule in East Africa?
  6.           How can you prove that pre-colonial societies were developed even before the contact with the outsiders?

4.   Re-arrange the following historical events in chronological order by writing number 1 to 6 beside the item number in the answer booklet provided

  1.               The first world war changed the African history in colonization and made Tanganyika to be under the British control
  2.             Arabs were the first foreigners to interact and conduct trading activities for a very long period of time than any other foreigners
  3.           Germans were authorized to rule Tanganyika after the Berlin conference of 1884/1885 headed by Otto — Von Bismarck.
  4.           After Vasco - da - Gama discovered the sea route to India, the Portuguese needed to control East Africa through Indian ocean in the 15th C made the decline of Arab rule.
  5.             Several challenges faced the Portuguese including bad climatic conditions and lack of enough fund make the end of Portuguese rule in East Africa.
  6.           Tanganyika is among the East African country that have passed on through different periods of development from pre — colonial era to the period of colonialism.

5.    Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate by using roman numbers the following 

  1.               The country in which humanism became her ideology soon after independence
  2.             The country where the Portuguese firstly built fort Elmina.
  3.           The country where headquarters of AU is located
  4.           The country where the UMKHONTO - WE - SIZWE was formed as an underground army for fighting against white government.
  5.             A country where labour recruitment agency called SILABU was established.

SECTION C: (45 MARKS)

6.  With examples explain how long Distance Trade influenced the formation of African centralized kingdoms.

7.  The colonial regime used several techniques in order to obtain labour during colonial period. Justify this statement with six points.

8.  Jonas and Jemimah were given task by their history teacher to evaluate the changes obtained by pre-colonial African societies after the transition from primitive communalism to other pre - capitalist modes of production. In six points write in favour of Jonas and Jemimah by giving changes that were obtained.image

9.  Kwame Nkrumah had a dream of forming African union, however the dream never achieved, imageexplain six reasons for such failure

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 137

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY -SEPT 2022

FORM FOUR

TIME:3 HOURS  SEPT  2022

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B,and C with a total nine (9) questions
  2. Answer all questions in sections A, and B only three questions in section C
  3. Section A carries twenty (20) marks, section B thirty five (35)marks and section C forty five (45) marks
  4. All drawings should be in pencil
  5. Cell phones and any un authorized materials are not allowed in the examination room
  6. Write your examination number on top right side of every page of your answer booklet(s)

SECTION A (20 marks).

  1. Choose the most correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number on the answer sheets provided.
  1. Olduvai Gorge is famous for:-


  1. Oral tradition
  2. Archival activities
  3. Archaeological findings
  4. Sedentary farming


  1. An  example of large scale resistance to colonialists is :-


  1. Nandi resistance
  2. Yao resistance
  3. Majimaji resistance
  4. Mazrui dynast resistance


iii) Which countries in Africa became home for liberated slaves from the New world?


  1. Sierra Leone and Ethiopia
  2. Liberia and Ethiopia
  3. Sierra Leone and Liberia
  4. Kenya and Tanzania


  1. Which of the following sources of history can illiterate people not benefit?


  1. Written sources
  2. Museums
  3. Historical sites
  4. Linguistics


  1. During the First World War, African states fought alongside their colonial masters. Therefore, Tanganyika fought  on the side of :-


  1. Britain
  2. Russia
  3. Arab
  4. Germany


  1. What was the main effect of British invasion at the Cape of Good Hope in South Africa?


  1. Apartheid policy
  2. Boer trek
  3. Establishment of slave trade
  4.  Spread of Islamic faith


  1. Colonialists established various forms of agriculture that involved the use of different colonial Africa labour during colonial economy. Which type of colonial Africa labour used under peasant agriculture?


  1. Forced labour
  2. Migrant labour
  3. Family labour
  4. Contract labour


  1. The open door policy was related to :-


  1. Establish neo – colonialism
  2. Supporting nationalistic struggle
  3. Formation of United Nations
  4. Making of cold war politics


  1. Which was the major form of feudal relations that developed in Buha?


  1. Ubusulo
  2. Chief dom
  3. Nyarubanja
  4. Ubugabire


  1. Which was the main effect of French revolution of 1789 on Africa?


  1. Association policy
  2. Indirect rule
  3. Direct rule
  4. Assimilation policy


  1. How explores contributed on the colonization of Africa?


  1. Providing information about Europe
  2. Introduction of colonial education
  3. Making treaties with African chiefs
  4. Setting up health services in Africa


  1. African countries attempted to unite so as to solve problems that faced their people during the struggle and after independence. The attempt led to the formation of unions that include:-


  1. Pan- Africanism
  2. PAFMECA
  3. UNO
  4.  The league of nations


  1. In which age did agriculture start in Africa?


  1. After creation of man
  2. Late stone age
  3. Early stone age
  4. Middle stone age


  1. The social factors for the interaction of people in pre – colonial Africa were:-


  1. Migration and trade
  2. War and agriculture
  3. Trade and medicine
  4. Intermarriage and religion


  1. The partition of Africa took place in which country?


  1. Germany
  2. Congo
  3.  USA
  4. Britain



  1. Match the descriptions in LIST A with the corresponding historical items in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number on the answer sheets provided

LIST A 

LIST B

  1. The best example of an interaction among the people  in pre – colonial African societies
  2. The war that at first occurred at the Middle East and spread world wide
  3. A leader that adopted the common man’s charter as a form of African socialism
  4. The most famous African traders in Trans- continental trade who were based in Angola
  5. The war of intimidation that occurred due to the rise of both capitalism and socialism
  1. Msiri and Nyunguya mawe
  2. Milton Obote
  3. Cold war
  4. The Great war
  5. Ngoni migration
  6. Vimbundu and Imbangala
  7. Kwame Nkrumah



SECTION B (35 marks)

  1. Briefly answer the followings

i) Why non – centralized states are different from centralized state?

ii)  During the Middle Stone Age, man discovered fire. Clearly show how fire was advantageouson the life of the earliest man?

iii) Explain why Russia withdrew from the first world war on 1917?

iv)  How population increase led to interaction among the pre- colonial African societies?

v). History deals with events which occur in different period. Show how historians are arranging such event in a chronological order? 

vi) Explain how Africans were benefited from colonial social services

  1. Arrange the following sentences in chronological order by using number 1 to 6
  1. Four colonial administrative systems such as direct rule, indirect rule, assimilation and association policy were applied
  2. After the European powers had taken over the colonies, the next step was to establish colonial economy
  3. Basically, the main purpose of European to colonize Africa continent in the 19th century was the need of exploiting African resources
  4. After scramble for and partition of African continent, colonial powers occupied parts of Africa soon after Berlin conference.
  5. Up to date, African continent has remained the market and source of raw materials to former colonial powers
  6. During that period of colonial economy, African self-sufficient economy was destroyed.
  1. Draw the sketch map of Africa and locate the followings using roman numbers
  1. A country that  was entrusted to South Africa as a mandate territory by the League of Nations after First World war
  2. A country which is the headquarters of the New East African Community (E AC)
  3. The first country to achieve political independence through the constitutional means whose independence motivated decolonization to other countries
  4. A country that was not colonized due to its successful resistances against colonialists
  5. A country in East Africa that its leader was overthrown by the army in 1971

SECTION C (45marks)

  1. Pre – colonial African societies developed both local and regional trade. Evaluate six points on the effects of regional trade in East Africa
  1. Colonial state established different economic sectors in colonies that depended on labour force. With six points explain how African societies were affected from colonial labour?
  2.  After independence, African countries changed their attitudes of nationalistic struggle in order to promote social, economic and political development. Discuss six points to why African countries are yet to achieve the intended development?
  1. The coast of East Africa has been an area for trading activity since long period in which motivated the coming of Portuguese. Show how East African societies were affected by being interacting with Portuguese?(Give six points)

1 | Page

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 118

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE, MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

HISTORY TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR JULY-2022

Time: 3Hours

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consists Of section A, B and C
  • Answer all questions in section A and B and three (3) questions in section C.
  • Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  • Write Your name/examination number on every page of your answer booklet/ sheet

SECTION A (20 Marks)

1. For each Of the items (i — xv) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer sheet provided.

(i) Which one of the following is the best describes of the Stone Age era?

  1. When man used stone widely as ornament
  2. When stones were formed on the earth
  3. When Africa used stones to fight against invaders
  4. When man used stones artistically widely in his daily life
  5. When stone become major commodity in a long distance trade 

(ii) One of the short term cause of the first world war

  1. Spanish civil war
  2. Sarajevo assassination
  3. Generation Francisco Fanco 
  4. The rise of capitalism in Europe 
  5. Abolition of slave trade

(iii) display a collection of items by ranging from cultural objects and technological development of societies

  1. Museum
  2. Archives
  3. Written documents
  4. Oral tradition
  5. Historical sites

(iv) One of the following was demonstrated unity and self-determination among African's in the desire to liberate themselves from foreign rule in the early 20th century

  1. Maumau 
  2. Chimurenga 
  3. Mfecane
  4. Majimaji 
  5. Afro-Boer

(v) An important reason for Ngonis' victory in East Africa was due to the superior

  1. Courage 
  2. Intelligence 
  3. Physical strength
  4. Military tactics 
  5. Poor beliefs

(vi) Which of the following colonial sectors of colonial economy favored European and Asians in Africa during colonial period

  1. Education, health, water, housing and roads
  2. Agriculture, mining, financial institution, transport and commerce
  3. Industry, communications, harbors and books
  4. Agriculture schemes, labour, bureau and trade
  5. Transportation heath, mining electricity and water services

(vii) A primate which led to the emergence of man is called

  1.  Proconsul 
  2. Chimpanzee 
  3. Gorile
  4. Monkey 
  5. Ramapithecus

(viii) IBEACO failed to administer colonies in East Africa on behalf Of the British government due to:

  1. The railway construction into the interior had used most of its fund
  2. If spent most of its fund on crushing slave trade
  3. It sent out experienced administrators when the local people destructed from previous visits
  4. Of the expenses of replanting the Zanzibar cloves destroyed by hurricanes
  5. Of the expenses involved in the civil war of Uganda

(ix) The following was one of the characteristics of colonial education EXCEPT 

  1. It based on rudimentary curriculum
  2. It segregated Africans
  3. If focus on literacy and numeracy
  4. It reflected the interest of the Africans
  5. It was accessed only by few Africans

(x) One reason for Dutch settlement at the cape in 1652 waste:

  1. Created Dutch Empire in South Africa
  2. Defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized trade in Indian Ocean
  3. Prepare a refreshment station for Dutch Merchant from India
  4. Place South Africa in the world capitalism
  5. Prepare South Africa as home for Dutch Merchants

(xi) History is about;-

  1. Man's activities through various stages of his development
  2. How colonialists came to East Africa 
  3. The action of the head of states and government
  4. Homo sapiens

(xii) Nama and Herero resistance took place between in Against German rule.

  1. South West Africa 
  2. 1891 -1897 
  3. 1884 -1904 
  4. 1904 -1905 
  5. 1800- 1900

(xiii) Among the effects of European penetration into the interior of West Africa was

  1. Introduction and development of copper industry
  2. Development of marine technology 
  3. Decline of trans Saharan trade
  4. Abolition of triangular slave trade
  5. Decline of long distance trade

(xiv) Historical era when the Great economic depression occurred

  1. 1918- 1920 
  2. 1919 
  3. 1829- 1840
  4. 1929 - 1933 
  5. 1967- 1970

(xv) Major historical problem faced by independent African state after independence

  1. Low income to the majority
  2. Experts without white colour jobs
  3. The balance of the ministers from formal colonial master
  4. Size of the Independent African state
  5. Imbalance in power sharing

 2. Match the items in list "A" with the correct response in list "B" by writing the correct letter against the corresponding question number.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) German military alliance

(ii) The versatiles peace treaty was signed

(iii) An international organization which had much support on Tanganyika freedom fighting

(iv) Chimurenga war

(v) Apartheid policy was made official oli in South Africa

  1. 1896 - 1897
  2. Triple alliance
  3. ILO
  4. 1948
  5. Triple entente
  6. UNO
  7. 1919 in France
  8. 1587

3. Briefly answer the following questions

(i) Comment on the role played by colonial services consolidating colonialism in Africa.

(ii) Briefly comment on the indirect rule in Africa

(iii) What are the factors for state formation in pre-colonial societies (Outline six points).

(iv) Chimurenga war

(v) Colonial economy in Africa

(vi) Why Ethiopian were not colonized the 19thC

4. (a) Arrange the following statements in chronological order by using number I to 5 beside the item number @ 2 marks.

(i) The coming of Portuguese increased the demand for slaves because many people were enslaved for the big plantations.

(ii) Furthermore, the trade increased in size when in 1770s, French opened up plantations of sugar in Mauritania's and reunion.

(iii) However the indigenous chief huterlaud of East Africa participated fully in the trade because it's their source of political and economic power 

(iv) At the beginning slave trade was small in size because the slaves were taken to work as domestic slaves.

(v) The coming of Sayyid Said to Zanzibar intensified the trade, the clove and coconut plantations in Zanzibar mainly depend on the slave trade

(b) Explain in brief, ways of obtained slaves during the colonial period in African society

5. Draw a sketch Map of Africa and locate the following

(i) A country who was able to attain her freedom in 1957 which marked and acted as a stepping stone for African liberation

(ii) An East African country which obtained her independence through revolution means.

(iii) A place in Africa where the Boer Treck occurred between 1835 - 1840's

(iv) A place where a great historical extract of human life was made in East Africa.

(v) A country nearby Tanganyika North East which experienced armed struggle.

SECTION C (45) Marks

6. Why did European's take measures to abolish slave trade in the 19th century (Give six points)

7. Explain the reason for the failure of the former East African community (Give six points)

8. The Independence of Tanganyika in 1961 was an inevitable development given the nature of the colonial state and the global situation the existed after 1945. How far is this true? Substantiate by giving eight points.

9. Examine the strengths and weakness of education in Africa after Independence. Give eight points four each part.

10. Why has the dream of a United Africa not- bee achieved (Give eight points)

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 100

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-2022

Time: 3Hours

INSTRUCTIONS.

  1.          This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.          Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.          Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.          Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.          Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1.   African countries have tried to bring about real independence through
  1.   setting up new factories and political instabilities in Africa
  2.   improving communication system and military coups
  3.    expanding education and agricultural practices
  4.   establishing heavy industries and free market economy
  5.   expanding agricultural production and administering Trust Territories.
  1.             Who convened the conference which legalized the colonization of Africa?
  1.               David Livingstone.
  2.                Carl Peters.
  3.                Otto Von Bismarck.
  4.               Charles Darwin.
  5.                Adolf Hitler.
  1.                          The increase of the European merchants in the interior of Africa after the abolition of slave trade aimed at
  1.               intensifying slavery and slave trade
  2.                establishing heavy industries
  3.                searching for the sea route to India
  4.               establishing legitimate trade
  5.                assisting the Africans economically.
  1.           Cultural practices through which historical information can be obtained include
  1.               archaeology, museum and archives
  2.                museums, archives and religion 
  3.                archaeology, funerals and riddles
  4.               superstitions, religion and riddles
  5.                oral tradition, museums and archives.
  1.             Which among the following include the three organs of the United Nations Organization?
  1.               The General Assembly, Secretariat and the World Bank.
  2.                The Secretariat, Security Council and General Assembly.
  3.                The World Bank, League of Nations and Security Council.
  4.               The International Court of Justice, World Bank and Secretariat.
  5.                The Security Council, UNESCO and International Court of Justice.
  1.           One of the features of monopoly capitalism is
  1.               merging bank capital and trade
  2.                formation of big African monopolies
  3.                expansion of industrial production in the capitalist countries
  4.               growth of small scale production in Europe
  5.                emergence of slave trade and slavery in Africa.
  1.         Why the knowledge of iron-working was kept secret in some societies during pre-colonial period?
  1.               They wanted to develop division of labour.
  2.                Iron had the immediate use value to some societies.
  3.                They wanted to maintain monopoly of the blacksmiths.
  4.               They had plans of using it in making ornaments.
  5.                It enabled men to play a middleman's role in salt and gold.
  1.                      The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were
  1.               Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2.                Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3.                Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4.               Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya
  5.                Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.
  1.           The core ideas of the French Revolution were;
  1.               slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialism
  2.                markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  3.                communalism, slavery and feudalism
  4.               fraternity, liberty and equality
  5.                scramble, partition and bogus treaties.

 

  1.             One of the factors for the fall of Songhai empire was;
  1.               invasion from the Moroccans
  2.                attacks from the Tuaregs
  3.                attacks from the almoravids
  4.               establishment of colonialism
  5.                Introduction of legitimate trade.

 

2. Match the items in LIST A with the correct responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the response beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

  1.               An organization comprising of less developed countries in the world
  2.             A regional grouping of countries from west
  3.           An organization whose formation was facilitated by Pan-Africanism
  4.           An organization which replaced the former organization of Africa Unity
  5.             A famous nationalist political organization in Mozambique
  1.               ECOWAS
  2.                SADC
  3.                COMESA
  4.               NAM
  5.                OAU
  6.                ECOWAS
  7.                AU
  8.               UNITA
  9.                  FRELIMO

 

3. Briefly explain the following;

  1. Explain how assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife triggered WWWII.
  2. USA prospered more than other Countries in 1930s
  3. How did high protection tariffs by the USA on imported goods from Europe cause great depression?
  4. How did decolonization lead to nationalism?
  5. Why did Idd Amin's seizure of power in Uganda lead to the collapse of the former East African Community?
  6. Differentiate between nomadic pastoralism and sedentary pastoralism.

4. Arrange the following in  chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number;

  1.               Portuguese were expelled from Fort Jesus
  2.             Vasco Da Gama reaches East Africa
  3.           Bartholomew Diaz reaches the cape of Good Hope
  4.           Tanganyika becomes a mandate colony under british
  5.             British become the first nation to undergo industrialization

 

5. Draw the map of Africa to show colonial possession in 1914 and use letters A, B, C , D and E to locate;

  1.               A country which resisted colonial rule successfully in 1896
  2.             German East Africa
  3.           A Portuguese colony of Angola
  4.           A British colony which regained her independence in 1957
  5.             The biggest Belgium colony in Africa.

 

 

SECTION C (45 Marks) 

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

6. Describe the pattern of the colonial economy established by British West Africa

7. Give reasons why the European and America trading companies were interested in East Africa during the 19th century?

8. Discuss the causes and effects of the Maji Maji resistance in Tanganyika

9. Give reason as to why the Ndebele and Shona took up arms against the British in 1896-97.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 85

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM-1 EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-MARCH/APRIL- 2022

Time: 3 Hours

Instructions.

  1.          This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 9 questions
  2.          Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.          Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.          Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.          Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) What are the major types of oral traditions? 

  1. Museums and archives
  2.  Poems and proverbs
  3. Historical sites and narration of events
  4.  Archaeology and museum
  5.  Cultural practices and narration of events 

(ii) Why is Charles Darwin famous in history?

  1.  He discovered pebbles and chopping tools.
  2.  He discovered the fossil of mans ancestors.
  3.  He introduced the theory of creation.
  4.  He discovered the remains of old people. 
  5. He introduced the theory of evolution.

  (iii) Colonialism was established through 

  1.  Post-colonial political changes.
  2. Violence and coercion
  3. Piracy and plundering.
  4. Revolution and violence
  5. Waylaying and bogus treaties.

 (iv) Who headed the Central government of the colony? 

  1. Queen    
  2. Governor
  3. Secretary for colonies
  4. Secretary General
  5. Minister for colonies

(v) What challenged the work of the police in 1998 in East Africa?

  1.  Terrorist bombing attacks
  2.  Idi Amins government take over from Milton Obote
  3.  Launching over the New East African Community
  4.  Inciting genocide in Rwanda
  5. Adoption of the universal Declaration of Human Rights

(vi)   The social challenges facing people in Africa include 

  1. Political instability and tribalism.
  2.  Tribalism and neo-colonialism.
  3.  Colonialism and illiteracy.
  4.  Illiteracy and diseases.
  5.  Corruption and lack of rule of law.

(vii)  The first creature to walk in an upright fashion was called

  1. Homo Erectus.
  2. Primates.
  3. Homo Sapiens. 
  4. Hominids.
  5. Homo Habilis. 

(viii)  Archaeological findings whose ages are beyond 5,000 years are determined by

  1. Using archives.
  2. Using carbon 14.
  3. Remembering events. 
  4. Using time charts.
  5.  Narration of past events. 

(ix) Which one of the following was the immediate consequence of the development of Triangular trade?

  1. Decolonization of African countries
  2. Disruption of trans-Saharan trade
  3. Scramble and partition of Africa
  4. Adaptation of the Open Door Policy
  5. Implementation of indirect rule policy

(x) America defeated her colonial master in 

  1. 1873.
  2. 1884. 
  3. 1945.
  4. 1776. 
  5. 1918.

(xi) The primitive communal societies were characterized by the following features except

  1. hunting and gathering
  2. low production 
  3. exploitation of man by man 
  4. low level of technology 
  5. Dependence on nature.

(xii) The primitive communal societies were characterized by the following features except

  1. hunting and gathering
  2. low production 
  3. exploitation of man by man 
  4. low level of technology 
  5. Dependence on nature.

(xiii) The first European nation to industrialize was

  1.  Germany 
  2.  Britain 
  3.  France 
  4.  Belgium 
  5.  Holland.

 (xiv) The theory of evolution was proposed by

  1.  Louis Leakey 
  2.  Carl Peters 
  3.  Charles Darwin 
  4.  Henry Stanley 
  5.  Donald Cameron.


(xv) The economic system of goods and services which comprised activities such as trade, manufacturing, agriculture and mining during the colonial era is called

  1.  Neo-colonialism 
  2.  Trusteeship 
  3.  Nationalism 
  4.  Bureaucracy 
  5.  Colonial economy.

2. Match the stems in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) A person who stated that man developed from an ape-like creature. 

(ii) A person who created the kingdom of Mwenemutapa.

(iii) A person who played a vital role in the mass killing of Jews in Europe.

(iv) A person who established a fascist ideology in Italy.

(v) A person who formed the Royal Niger Company which operated in West Africa.

  1. Adolf Hitler
  2. Fredrick Lugard
  3. Charles Darwin
  4. Mungo Park
  5. Idd Amin Dada
  6. Louis Leakey
  7. Yoweri Museveni
  8. Mutota
  9. King Leopold
  10. Lobengula
  11. Benito Mussolini
  12. Cecil Rhodes
  13. Keneth Kaunda
  14. David Livingstone
  15. George Goldie
  16. Robert Mugabe
  17. Nelson Mandela
  18. Fredrick Chiluba
  19. Migrant Labourer
  20. Secretary-General

SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

  1.       Briefly explain the following historical information

(i) Association

(ii) Mfecane ware

(iii) The Boer trek

(iv) Trans-Saharan trade

(v) Common wealth

(vi) Why Indirect rule was direct rule

 

4.  Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number in your answer booklet.

(i) Before 1800 AD, Africa and its interior were not known to the outside world.

(ii) Europeans took interest in Africa’s strategic areas with fertile land, minerals and navigable rivers.

(iii) The interior of Africa was exposed to the European world after the work of agents of colonialism.

(iv) By 1880s, many European nations rushed and grabbed parts of the African continent claiming they were their areas of influence.

(v) Reports of the existence of snow-capped mountains in the interior of Africa attracted great interest in the continent.

 

5. Draw a sketch map of the new East Africa Community and locate by using roman numbers;

(i) The member state in which an identity card (Kipande) was given to the labourer during colonial economy era.

(ii) The headquarters of the committee which was responsible for coordinating the activities of national liberation movements for eradicating colonialism in Africa.

(iii) The country in which the 1994 genocide took place.

(iv) The country whose Common Man’s Charter intended to transform it into a socialist state.

(v) The Trusteeship colony under the British from 1945 to 1961.

 

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries fifteen (15) marks.

6. Describe the factors that led to rise of Trans-Saharan Trade

7. Why some Africans collaborated with Europeans during colonial invasion? (Give six points).
8. Discuss six contributions of the agents of colonialism to the colonization of Africa.
9. Examine six factors which enabled Tanganyika to attain her independence earlier than Kenya.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 78

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT 

FORM FOUR MID TERM EXAMINATION-2021

  HISTORY

Time: 3 Hours AUG2021

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of three sections A, B and C with a total of 9 questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and any three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones and other authorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. Write your examination number on every page of your Answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20marks)

Answer all questions in this section

  1. For each of the items (i)-(xv) choose the correct answer from among the given alternative and write its letter beside the correct number.
  1.                        The appearance of Zinjanthropus and Homohabilis marked   the beginning of the period in history known as, ____________

 A.  Neolithic ageB. Modernization ageC. Early Stone Age

D. Pre colonial periodE. Iron age period

  1.                      The colonial Imperial chartered companies failed in their mission to rule African colonies because; ____________
  1.                                          Other European companies were against them.
  2.                                          African chiefs refused to work with the company administrators.
  3.                                          Imperialist states were too far to support them during resistance
  4.                                          The colonies were producing less and therefore were not profitable.
  5.                                           They had little capital and skilled man power to run colonialadministration.
  1.                    Who among the following was the first systematic tools maker and had a bigger brain than that of zinjazthropus. ___________
  1. Homo habilis
  2. Homo sapiens
  3. Homo erectus
  4. Modern man
  5. Modern Apes
  1.                    Most of the traders during the early commercial contacts between East Africa and Far East came from, ______________
  1.                                 China and Egypt
  2.                                 Europe and China
  3.                                 Egypt and Indonesia
  4.                                 Indonesia and Europe
  5.                                  Indonesia and China
  1.                      The term Apartheid as it was applied to South African societies meant: ______
  1. Colour bar between whites and the blacks
  2. Separate development among the South African races.
  3. No voting right for African
  4. The best land to be reserved for whites
  5. Creation of settlement for African societies termed Bantustans.
  1.                    Why the knowledge of iron working was kept secret in some societies during pre-colonial period? _________
  1.                                       They wanted to develop the division of labour
  2.                                       Iron had the immediate use value to some societies
  3.                                       They wanted to maintain the monopoly of the Blacksmiths
  4.                                       They had plants of using it in making ornaments
  5.                                        It enabled men to play a middle man’s role in salt and gold.
  1.                  In Britain the years between 1780 and 1820 formed the period of transition from commercial capitalism to; ___________
  1. Monopoly capitalism
  2. Primitive accumulation of capital
  3. The age of mercantilism
  4. Industrial capitalism
  5. The period of scramble
  1.               Which of the following societies in West Africa were famous in using copper alloys for making various ornaments? _________
  1.                                    Ibo and Yoruba
  2.                                    Venda and mashona
  3.                                    Mangaja and Fulani
  4.                                    Yoruba and Mandika
  5.                                     Mandika and Ibo
  1.                    In many colonies peasant Agriculture was preferred by the colonial state because;
  1.                                       It was cheap and peasant produced for both metropolitan and themselves
  2.                                       Settlers were arrogant and conformists
  3.                                       Peasant were able to acquire capital loans from colonial banks and pay on time
  4.                                       It was easy to inject new production techniques among peasants
  5.                                        It enabled the colonial state to bring about development among the rural peasants.
  1.                      The united nation specialized agency responsible for Human settlements is the; ___

A. UNHCRB. UNEPC. HABITATD. UNDPE. WHO

  1.                    Which of the following is the famous local Museum in Tanzania; _________
  1.     Olduvai gorge        B. Bagamoyo       C. Kilwa         D. Kondoa       E. Kalenga
  1.                  The method of making salt through boiling and evaporating underground water was common in; _________
  1. Katanga        B. Tanga             C. Bunyoro           D. Uvinza           E. Meroe
  1.               When was an international organ comprising of independent states from all over the

world was formed? __________

  1. Towards the end of the abolition of slave trade

B. Towards the beginning of the first world war

C. During the establishment of colonialism

D. Towards the end of the Second World War

E. During the Berlin conference of 1884 up to 1885

  1.                What took place in Europe between 1750’s and 1850’s? _________
  1. Industrial revolution
  2. Mercantile capitalism
  3. Monopoly capitalism
  4. Scramble for Africa
  5. Emergence of slave trade
  1.                  The social challenges facing people in Africa include; _________
  1. Political instability and tribalism
  2. Tribalism and neo colonialism
  3. Colonialism and illiteracy
  4. Illiteracy and diseases

E. Corruption and lack of rule of law

  1. Match the items in LIST A with correct responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response(5Marks)

LIST A

LIST B

  1.                                                                                                   Islands of Zanzibar, Pemba, Mafia, Lamu,

Kismayu, Bravo,Merca,Mogadishu and Warsheikh were defined as the dominions of the sultan of Zanzibar

  1.                                                                                                German got the island of Heligoland
  2.                                                                                              It was ruled that treaties made with African rulers were to be considered as valid titles to sovereignty
  3.                                                                                              It was a system in which an African were taught how to think and act as the French people
  4.                                                                                                It was a system in which French had to respect the culture of her colonial people and allow them to develop independently rather than forcing them to adopt French civilization and culture
  1.                                                                                                  Association policy
  2.                                                                                                   Assimilation policy
  3.                                                                                                   Resolution of Berlin conference
  4.                                                                                                  Anglo-German agreement of 1890
  5.                                                                                                   Anglo-German agreement of 1886
  6.                                                                                                    Slave trade centers
  7.                                                                                                  Versailles peace treaty
  8.                                                                                                  Human right policy
  9.                                                                                                      Cultural system policy
  10.                                                                                                     Causes of the second world war

SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

  1. Briefly answer the following questions
  1. How assimilation policy was implemented in Africa.
  2. Why do you think, slave trade in Indian Ocean expanded from the 15thc.
  3. How the discovery of iron, brings the remarkable changes in the history of Africa.
  4. How the First World War led to the great depression.
  5. Why the Second World War was the turning point for the rise of mass nationalism in Africa.
  6. How man originated according to the theory of evolution.
  1. Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 6 beside the      item number.
  1. The Majimaji war was unique in the way it united a number of different tribes in common rebellion.
  2. The German authorities were surprised when their headquarters and officials were attacked.
  3. The last and most serious revolt against German rule broke out in july, 1905.
  4. The immediate cause of discontent was the government’s cotton scheme.
  5. A prophet named Kinjekitile of Ngarambe declared that magic water will turn bullets into water.
  6. Due to this wrong belief of turning bullets into harmless water these tribes were defeated by the Germans.
  1. (a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and on it show the following sites of resistance
  1. Nama and Hehe
  2. Mandika
  3. Abushiri – Bwana heri revolts
  4. Adowa
  5. Chimulenga

             (b) For each resistance in (a) above mention the European Nations which were resisted by Africa

SECTION C (45 MARKS)

Answer three questions from this section. Each question carries 15 marks

  1. With six points assess the tactics used during the abolition of slave trade.
  2. “Colonial social services consolidated colonialism in Africa”. Justify this statement by giving six points.
  3. How Africa was affected by 1929-1933 crisis in the capitalist system. Give six points.
  4. Analyze six major changes in Man’s way of life during the new Stone Age.

1 | Page

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 69

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-AUG/SEPT 2021

Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.    This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.    Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.    Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.    Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.    Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) In promoting colonial plantation agriculture in Tanganyika, the British:

A.  Encouraged settlers to pay high wages to migrant labourers.

B. Encouraged the peasants to grow sisal.

C. Encouraged large scale production of all major cash crops.

D. Created means of ensuring constant supply of migrant labourers.

E. Increased prices for African plantation farmers.

(ii)  One of the following wars demonstrated unity and self determination among Africans in the desire to liberate themselves from foreign rule in the early 20th century.

A.  Mau Mau

B.  Chimurenga

C.  Mfecane

D.  Maji Maji

E.  Afro-Boer


(iii) The abolition of Slave Trade had the following immediate impact on African societies:-

A.  Increased penetration of Europeans whose activities led to colonization of Africa.

B.  Expansion of clove and coconut plantations in Zanzibar by Oman Arabs.

C.  Rise of indigenous African merchant and ruling classes.

D.  Emergence of Arab settlements along the East African coast and islands.

E.  Decline of the Trans-Saharan Trade and eventually fall of the Sudanic States.

(iv) Some areas in Africa experienced more intensive scramble than others in the 19 th century because they:

A. had no active Africans to resist colonialism. 

B.  were still far behind in development. 

C.  were good for hunting and gathering fruits.

D. had Mediterranean climate favourable for Europeans.

E. were economically strategic.

(v) During colonial period, provision of social services was not given priority to Africans because:

A. Arabs and Portuguese had provided social services before colonialism.

B. Africans refused modernity. 

C.  Africans had all social services.

D.  social services were part of profit to European capitalists. 

E.  social services were not part of profit to European capitalists.

(vi) The growth and expansion of Songhai Empire was a result of:

A. geographical position and Equatorial favourable climate

B. expansion of Gao Empire through conquering neighbouring states

C. the emergence of Mansa Musa as a strong leader

D. development of iron technology

E. development of Triangular trade

(vii) One of the major objectives of SADC is to:

A. help member states to secure genuine and equitable regional integration

B. establish a common defense among the member states

C. promote the use of Kiswahili language among the member states

D. help Southern African countries to be self-reliant instead of depending on South Africa

E. help member states to combat HIV/AIDS pandemic

(viii) The first British Governor in Kenya, Sir Charles Eliot, stressed on the:

A. constitution of the Uganda railway

B. establishment of settler economy

C.  creation of Kenya as the industrial centre for East Africa

D. introduction of steamers in Lake Victoria

E. integration of Kikuyu into plantation economy


(ix)Which of the following best describes the Stone Age Era?

A. When man used stone artifacts widely in his daily life

B. When stones were formed on earth

C. When man used stones widely as ornaments

D. When Africans used stones to fight against invaders

E. When stone became a major commodity in a long distance trade.

(x)Which one among the following statements is not true about the discoveries made by man during the middle stone age?

A. Development of sharper, smaller and portable tools

B. Introduction of stone picks, spears, arrows, knives and needles

C. Use of wooden and bone materials to facilitate production

D. Discovery of fire

E. Emergence of social cultural groups or ethnic groups

(xi) Which major problem faced independent Africa in political aspects after independence?

  1. Low income to the majority
  2. Experts without white collar job 
  3. The balance of ministers from former colonial masters
  4. Size of independent states
  5. Imbalance in power sharing

(xii) Karl Peters signed a number of treaties with African chiefs on the coastal hinterland of Tanganyika because he wanted to

  1. please chancellor Bismark of Germany
  2. establish the unity among African chiefdoms
  3. accomplish colonial economic motives of the German East Africa Company
  4. accomplish the signing of the Heligoland Treaty
  5. recruit the chief of Msowero to become member of the German East African Company.


(xiii) Written records as a source of history are more preferred to oral traditions because of the following reason.

  1. Written records do not require space
  2. Oral traditions can be exaggerated and it is difficult to reproduce the same contents
  3. Oral traditions are expressed in centuries
  4. Written records do not require language as a medium of communication
  5. Oral traditions are controlled by leaders of a given society.

(xiv) The prominent groups of people in iron working in Africa included the 

  1. Venda people of Northern Africa and Mashona of Zimbabwe
  2. Mashona of Zambia and Manganja of Malawi
  3. Nubians of Sudan and the Venda of Northern Transvaal
  4. Nubians of Kongo and the Mashona of Zimbabwe
  5. Ibo and Yoruba in West Africa.

(xv) One of the notable United Nations failure in its objectives is its inability to 

  1. control food shortage
  2. eradicate colonial rule
  3. establish tribunes for war criminals
  4. prevent big powers from violating its principles
  5. control poverty in Africa.


2. Match the stems in List Awith the correct responses in List Bby writing the letter of the response beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Vasco da Gama

(ii) Kinjeketile Ngwale

(iii) Karl Peters

(iv) Samori Toure

(v) Jomo Kenyatta

  1. Imperialist plan against progressive and revolutionary leadership in independent Africa.
  2. Facilitated indirect rule in Uganda.
  3. Alienation of land and cattle by German settlers.
  4. Triggered by low wages.
  5. Led to collapse of Central African Caravan trade.
  6. Nyamwezi.
  7. Primarily agricultural section of the Masai.
  8. Growth of coastal city states.
  9. Weakness of the OAU.
  10. Resisted Germany colonial rule in Kenya.
  11. Mandinka Empire.
  12. The founder of KANU.
  13. Organized forces against Italian invasion.
  14. An African king traditionally known as Mari-Jata.
  15. Linked Africa to Portuguese mercantilism.
  16. Founded Oyo Empire.
  17. A German imperial agent in East Africa.
  18. Contributed to the rise of nationalism in Zimbabwe.
  19. Organized Maji Maji war against the British.
  20. Used ideology to organize people against Germany rule.

3. Describe the following terms in brief:

(a) Local trade

(b) Labour rent

(c) Industrial capitalism

(d) A centralized state

(e) A generation

4. Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.

  1. The district officers exercised full jurisdiction over the people.
  2. German rule was renowned for its harshness.
  3. For the same reasons, very few officers could travel without armed escort for fear of being attacked by the people.
  4. Force was the base of German rule and each European travelled with a whip.
  5. They meted out to "offenders" any punishments they chose.
  6. It was a relief when Germans were defeated in second world war

5. Draw a sketch of East Africa and mark the following important railway stations in colonial economy: Kampala to Kasese, Mombasa to Kisumu, Mombasa to Kampala, Dar es Salaam to Mpanda and Tanga to Moshi.


SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries fifteen (15) marks.

6. Analyze six causes of the Second World War.

7. Discuss the causes and effects of Mfecane war

8. Analyse eight impacts of coastal based long distance trade system on social, political and economic development of East African societies during the 19th century.


9.The Maji — Maji war of 1905 - 1907 in Tanganyika remains a symbol of the African struggle against colonial rule. Justify.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 61

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORYTERMINALEXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-2021

Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.                         This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.                         Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.                         Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.                         Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.                         Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Why is Charles Darwin famous in history?

  1.              He discovered pebbles and chopping tools.
  2.              He discovered the fossil of mans ancestors.
  3.              He introduced the theory of creation.
  4.              He discovered the remains of old people. 
  5.              He introduced the theory of evolution.

 (ii) What was the most common method of farming in pre-colonial Africa?

  1.             Mixed farming 
  2.             Plantation agriculture 
  3.             Shifting cultivation
  4.             Slash and burn cultivation
  5.              Permanent crop cultivation

 (iii) As a historian, which one would you consider as Prince Henrys main aims in organizing the Portuguese voyages to West and East African coasts?

  1.                Acquiring raw materials, markets and cheap labour
  2.                  Acquiring colonies, raw materials and markets
  3.                  Spreading Christianity, adventure, and trade
  4.                 Establishing processing industries, markets and raw materials
  5.                  Abolishing slave trade, slavery and introduction of legitimate trade

iv)  Which one among the following places did people paint and draw in the caves?

  1.             Sofala
  2.              Karagwe
  3.             Kondoa Irangi
  4.             Tabora
  5.              Bagamoyo 

 (v) Trading contacts between East Africa and Asia in the 16th  centuries were disturbed by 

  1.             Berlin conference resolutions.
  2.             activities of agents of colonialism.
  3.             expulsion of the Portuguese.
  4.             effects of the First World War.
  5.              Portuguese invasion. 

(vi) Who was the greatest ruler of Mali.

  1.             Askia Mohamed
  2.             Mansa Kankan Musa
  3.             Osei Tutu  
  4.             Uthman dan Fodio
  5.              Suni Ali

 (vii) The making of goods and services available for human needs is known as

  1.             consumption. 
  2.              production.
  3.             consolidation. 
  4.             interaction.
  5.               transition.

(viii)The primitive communal societies were characterized by the following features except

  1.             hunting and gathering
  2.             low production 
  3.             exploitation of man by man 
  4.             low level of technology 
  5.              dependence on nature.

 (ix)The primitive communal societies were characterized by the following features except

  1.             hunting and gathering
  2.             low production 
  3.             exploitation of man by man 
  4.             low level of technology 
  5.              dependence on nature.

 (x)Who convened the conference which legalized the colonization of Africa?

  1.             David Livingstone.
  2.             Carl Peters.
  3.             Otto Von Bismarck.
  4.             Charles Darwin.
  5.              Adolf Hitler.

(xi) What was the major cause of the Great Depression?

  1.              Second World War. 
  2.              First World War. 
  3.              Berlin Conference 
  4.              Boer Trek. 
  5.               Anglo-Boer war.

 (xii) The first European nation to industrialize was

  1.              Germany 
  2.              Britain 
  3.              France 
  4.              Belgium 
  5.               Holland.

 (xiii) The theory of evolution was proposed by

  1.              Louis Leakey 
  2.              Carl Peters 
  3.              Charles Darwin 
  4.              Henry Stanley 
  5.               Donald Cameron.

(xiv) The family from which man evolved is known as

  1.              Zinjanthropus
  2.              Homo Habilis
  3.              Primates
  4.              Homo Sapiens
  5.               Homo Erectus.

(xv) What was the achievement of man during the late Stone Age?

  1.              Discovered fire and ate cooked food.
  2.              Started walking upright using fore­limbs.
  3.              Made and used pebble and chopping tools.
  4.              Started walking on all four limbs
  5.               Established settled communities.


2. Match the descriptions in List A with the corresponding names of the revolutions in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) he first Portuguese merchant-explorer to round the Cape of Good Hope in 1498.

(ii) Famous British explorer in West Africa.

(iii) The feudal relation which developed between the Tutsi and Hutu.

(iv) The new economic strategy for Tanzania in 1967.

(v) Resolved the conflict on the use of Congo
and Niger rivers.

  1.             Ubugabire
  2.              Colonialism
  3.              Namibia
  4.              Anglo- Germany treaty of 1890
  5.               Mungo Park
  6.                South Africa
  7.              William Mackinnon
  8.              Communalism
  9.                  Neo-colonialism
  10.                 Nyarubanja
  11.              General China
  12.               Zimbabwe
  13.            Assimilation policy
  14.              Arusha Declaration
  15.              Capitalist conference of 1884-1885
  16.                Feudalism
  17.              Indirect rule system
  18.              Cecil Rhodes
  19.                Vasco Da Gama
  20.               Slavery

SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3.     Briefly answer the following questions:

(i)    Differentiate between the tools made and used during the Old Stone Age and the Late Stone Age.

(ii)  How did missionaries help in colonization

(iii)  Why did the settlers prefer to settle in the highlands of East Africa?

(iv)  What was the reason behind collaborations among African leaders?

(v)  How did Asian goods reach Europe before the sea route was discovered by the Portuguese in the 15th century?

(vi)  What were the reasons for the collapse of Triangular trade?

4. Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.

  1.                      The majimaji war was unique in the way it united a number of different tribes in common rebellion.
  2.                      The German authorities were surprised when their headquarters and officials were attacked.
  3.                      The last and most serious revolt against German rule broke out in July 1905.
  4.                      The immediate cause of discontent was the governments cotton scheme.
  5.                      A prophet named Kinjekitile of Ngarambe declared that magic water will turn bullets into water.

5. Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following: (i) the former German colony of Togo (ii) German Cameroon Protectorate (iii) German East Africa (iv) A coast city of Witu (v) South West Africa.


SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

6.Explain why the Allied Powers were able to defeat the Central Powers during the First World War.

7.Explain five reasons why the Africans were defeated during the Maji Maji rebellion

8. Explain six effects of the Second World War.

9. “Colonial health system was discriminative.” Substantiate this statement by giving six points.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 50

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1. For each of the items (i) – () choose the correct answer from among the given alternative and write its letter  in the answer sheet provided;
  1. Students of History and other people should understand the fact that;
  1. Africa had no development at all befor the coming of Missionaries
  2. The coming of traders in Africa by the 19th Century was a blessing to African handcraft industries
  3. Changes in the African societies were independent of the contact with Asia and Europe by the 10th century
  4. The present development problems are a result of colonialism only
  1. One of the problems facing the African Unity is colonial legacy. This is because;
  1. Colonialism preserved and emphasized the separation of each colony
  2. Indirect rule introduced by the British facilitated interstate hatred
  3. Colonialism encourage growth of apartheid in all settler colonies
  4. Territorial size of African states as created by colonialists is not even
  1. In many colonies peasant agriculture was preferred by the colonial state because;
  1. It was cheap and peasants produced for both the metropolis and themselves
  2. Settlers were arrogant and conformists
  3. Peasants were able to acquire capital loans from colonial banks and pay on time
  4. It was easy to inject new production techniques among peasants
  1. During Pre-colonial period Africans established industries which were known as;
  1. Handcraft industries  c) Iron industries
  2. Basketry industries  d) mining industries
  1. Which of the following made the most determined resistance to the Germans in their conquest of Tanganyika;
  1. MerEre b) Mkwawa  c) Machemba  D) Isike
  1. The following were the impacts of long distance trade except one;
  1. Insecurity in weak societies
  2. Europeans emrged as advanced speakers of the native language along the trade routes
  3. It paved the way for colonization through the agents
  4. Traditional cultures destructed due to social interactions
  1. Which of the following is not a feature of colonial economies in  Africa:
  1. Imports came mostly from Europe
  2. Local industries were encouraged
  3. Cash crops were basically prioritized
  4. Exploitative character of the economy
  1. Development of slave trade in West Africa had direct connection with one of the following:
  1. Discovery and spread of camels
  2. Discovery of minerals
  3. Development of Maritime technology and the discovery of the new lands
  4. The voyages of discovery of Dr. Carl Peters and William Mackinon
  1. In 1989 the British and French colonialists were about to fight in the Middle of Sudan during thir colonial expansion in Africa. This incident was called:
  1. The Sarajaro incident   c) The Sudan Incident
  2. The Fashoda incident   d) The Fascist incident
  1. No Independence before majority rule means
  1. This was Britain’s policy to all new colonies in Southern Africa
  2. This was position of Africa countries in relation to the independence of Rhodesia
  3. Southern Africa was demanding this in relation to the Independence of Rhodesia
  4. Britain wanted Independence to be given to the majority Africans in Rhodesia.
  1. Below are two Lists A and B of events. The facts in List A correspond with the facts in list B. Writes down the corresponding pairs.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. ANC – South Africa
  2. ZAN
  3. M.P.L.A
  4. S.W.A.P.O
  5. Middle passage
  6. U.P.C.
  7. KANU
  8. P.A.C.
  9. UNITA
  10. NAM
  1. The seven week voyage from  Africa across the Atlantic to sell slave to planters in New York
  2. Bishop Abel Muzolwa
  3. Joachim Chissano
  4. Samora Machel
  5. Edwardo Mond lane
  6. Augustino Neto
  7. Sam Nujoma
  8. Nelson Mandela
  9. Ndabaring Sithole
  10. Wars of resistance stage by Mushona and Ndebele against
  11. Milton Obote
  12. Jomo Kenyatta
  13. Jonas Savimbi
  14. Cold war impact

SECTION B (25 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section.

  1. Briefly answer the following questions.
  1. Explain the meaning of GED
  2. Why did Chancellor Otton Von Bismark  of German call the Berlin Conference?
  3. Why do you most African societies were defeated by the terrorists.
  4. What was the significance of Harambee slogan as used in Kenya?
  5. What significance do we get for studying history?
  1. Arrange the following statements in chronological order by using number 1

               to 5 to write in the answer sheet provided;

  1. These caves were usually near sources of water
  2. These activities have earned them the name “early hunters and gathers”
  3. They mainly lived temporarily in caves
  4. They ate raw food like meat and fruits because they did not know how to make fire
  5. During this period people did not have permanent shelter
  1. (a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following:
  1. A country which apartheid policy was used by boers
  2. Any one of the former German colony in East Africa
  3. Any country which was formerly colonized by the Portuguese
  4. A country in which genocide took place in 1994
  5. Any country formerly colonized by the French

SECTION C 45 Marks

Answer ONLY THREE questions from this section

  1. Examine the reasons for the changing nature of the French colonial policy of assimilation in controlling African colonies.
  1. What were the reasons behind the use of armed struggle for liberation in settler dominated colonies
  1. How did the discovery of precious gems in South Africa brought about dramatic changes
  1. Discuss how did colonial government in Kenya facilitated settler economy in Kenya.
  2. How did colonial social services facilitated colonial exploitation in Africa

1

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 43

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 20 marks, section B 35 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1. For each of the items (i) – (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.
  1. The dominant factors in accessing Man’s struggles in material production are:-
    1. Productive forces and iron tools
    2. Productive force and environment
    3. Productive forces and fire
    4. Productive forces and culture
  1. The Banana economy is the type of economy practiced by the societies found in the:-
    1. Heavy rainfall areas
    2. Semi desert or arid areas
    3. Masai belt
    4. Intercustrine regions only
  1. What distinguished local trade from long distance trade
    1. Emergence of merchant classes
    2. Exchange of commodities such as ivory, salt, foodstuffs and slave
    3. Emergence of Cisi, Vwandema and Vinza
    4. Extension of Ntemi chieftainship to form kingship
  1. Which is the following is NOT among the causes of a state formation
    1. Expansion of agriculture and animal husbandry
    2. Expansion of iron working and trade
    3. Extension of unity through bride price and gifts
    4. Extension of Ntemi chieftainship to form kingship
  1. Through the external contact with the Indian ocean, East Africa imported
    1. Cowrie shells and spices from Arabia
    2. Cowrie shells and daggers from India
    3. Porcelain and silk goods from China
    4. Slaves and ivory from Mozambique
  1. The Swahili culture is the result of the Intermingling of:-
    1. Bantu and Arab culture only
    2. Africans, Asians and the Europeans
    3. Bantu and the Swahili
    4. Africans and the British
  1. Which one is NOT true for the causes of the decline of the Portuguese in East Africa
    1. The attacks from the Galla, Zimba and Segeju
    2. The attacks by the Moraccan soldiers
    3. The invasion of the Oman Arabs
    4. The attacks from Ali Bey, a Turkish pirate
  1. Which one is the main factor for the rise of Mfecane
    1.  the location of Natal as a corridor
    2. shortage of vital resources (land) due to population pressure
    3. civil wars among Ndwande, Mtetwa and Zulu
    4. application of the Chaka’s military techniques
  1. The development of the trans-Saharan trade was facilitate by the exchange of:-
    1. Ivory and slaves
    2. Ivory and Kola nut
    3. Gold and salt
    4. Gold and ivory
  1. The abolition of slave trade in East Africa was completely destructed by the:-
    1. signing of the abolitionist treaties
    2. coming of the explorers, missionaries and traders
    3. establishment of colonialism
    4. work done by Dr. Livingstone
  1. One reason for the Dutch settlement at the Cape in 1652 was to
  1. Create Dutch empire in South Africa.
  2. Place South Africa in the world capitalism.
  3. Defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized Indian oceans.
  4. Prepare a refreshment station for Dutch merchant from India.
  1. The main participants in East Africans long distance trade were
  1. Viumbundu, Arabs and Kamba.
  2. Yao, Kamba and Nyamwezi.
  3. Imbangala, Yao and Barbaig.
  4. Nyamwezi, Ngoni and Arabs.
  1. Scramble for Africa took place in the 19th C as a result of
  1. Merchantilism.
  2. Slave trading activities.
  3. Commercial capitalism.
  4. Industrial revolution in Europe.
  1. The abolition of slave trade in 19th C was followed by
  1. Berlin Conference.
  2. Formation of UNO.
  3. Introduction of legitimate trade.
  4. Bilateral agreements.
  1. The following involved continents of Africa. America and Europe between 15th C to 19th C
  1. Triangular trade
  2. Trans-saharan trade
  3. Merchantilism.
  4. Legitimate trade.
  1.    (a)   Match the terms in List A with the correct responses in list B by writing the letter of the response besides the item number.

LIST A

  1. Monopoly
  2. Zwangendaba
  3. Homohabilis
  4. Umwinyi
  5. The periplus of the Erythrean sean.

LIST B

  1. contains writing of the early inhabitants of the coast
  2. discouraged slave trade in Zanzibar
  3. a class of political religious leaders and prominent traders
  4. died in 1840
  5. the first economist man in evolution
  6. emerged as a stronger leader of Mfecane
  7. a systematic tool maker of the Australopitherine
  8. concentration and centralization of capital by few bourgeoisies
  9. free trade and laisser faire

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)






SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer All Questions in this Section.

  1. Why is oral tradition not regarded as reliable source of historic information?
  2. Why did some areas of Africa experience strong competition among colonial powers?
  3. Why were the Italians defeated by the Ethiopians?
  4. How did discovery of fire change man’s life?
  5. Why did the Portuguese lead search for a sea root to India?
  6. What was the main reason for Ngoni Migration?
  1. Arrange the following statements in a chronological order
  1. Through the Heligoland Treaty Uganda and Witu were incorporated in the British sphere of influence and German bought part of the Sudan’s coastal strip.
  2. The Berlin Conference divided Africa into ‘Spheres in influence’
  3. The Anglo-German Agreement defined the territories of the Sultan of Zanzibar and the European Spheres of influence in East Africa
  4. The German government took over the affairs of the company
  5. The Germany East Africa Company attempted, unsuccessfully, to develop the German sphere.

(i)

(ii)

(iii)

(iv)

(v)






  1. Draw a sketch of Map of Africa and locate the following by using roman numbers
  1. The headquater of Mwene Mutapa Kingdom
  2. A country that defeated the colonists
  3. A country that was never colonized
  4. A country in which colonists used the policy of Apartheid
  5. A country which got her independence in 1963 from Britain.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) Questions from this section. Each question has 15 Marks

  1. What was the role played by the agents of colonialism?
  2. Why the colonialist preferred peasant agriculture rather than settler agriculture or plantation economy?
  3. Why Tanzania adopted single party regime in 1965.
  4. What were the reasons for the collapse of first East Africa Community in 1977?

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 41

THE PRESIDENTS OFFICE

MINISTRY OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT AND REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION

MOTHLY SERIES EXAMINATIONS

JANUARY 2021 HISTORY FORM 4

TIME: 2 HOURS                  30.01.2020

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consists of section A, B and C.
  • Answer all questions in section A and B, and only TWO questions from section C.
  1. From each of the items (i) – (x) choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.
    1. Shifting cultivation was much more practiced by those people lived in
      1. Woodland
      2. Savannah
      3. Savannah woodland
      4. All the above are correct.
  1. The British exercised direct rule policy in some parts of Zimbabwe because
    1. It was in expensive to administer.
    2. The natives and traditional chiefs favoured colonial rule.
    3. Zimbabwe was dominated by centralized states.
    4. Zimbabwe had enough experienced personell.
  1. Human activities against nature and production relations are fully understood through the study of
    1. Archaeology
    2. Literature
    3. History
    4. Museums
    5. Archives.
  1. The Jihad war in West Africa under Othman dan Fodio, Alhaj Omar and Ahmed Seku resulted into
    1. Formation of the state of Nigeria
    2. Creation of small political entities
    3. Formation of big empires like Mali and Songa.
    4. Formation of big empires like Mandinka and Sokoto Caliphate.
  1. During colonial period, provision of social services was not given priority to Africans because
    1. Africans refused modernity
    2. Arabs and Portuguese had provided social services before colonialism.
    3. Social services were part of profit to European capitalists.
    4. Africans had all social services.
  1. Which of the following statement is not true about evolution of technology
    1. Iron tools increased states military expansion
    2. Iron tools stimulated economic specialization
    3. With fire and iron tools man was able to clear large forest for farming.
    4. Invention of fire had nothing to do with protection of man against wild animals.
  1. The earliest contact between East Africa and Asia began
    1. 9thC AD
    2. 300 BC
    3. 1500 AD
    4. 13thC AD
  1. The Turkish Pirate who invade the Portuguese was called
    1. Ali Ibn Batuta
    2. Seyyid Said
    3. Ali Bey
    4. Sadiq Bey
  1. Africa was intergrated into the capitalist system in the 15thunder the
    1. Competitive capitalism
    2. Merchantile system
    3. Indian Ocean trade
    4. Monopoly capitalism
  1. Under the rule of the British, Malawi was called
    1. Northern Rhodesia
    2. Maravi
    3. Southern Rhodesia
    4. Nyasa land.
  1. One reason for the Dutch settlement at the Cape in 1652 was to
  1. Create Dutch empire in South Africa.
  2. Place South Africa in the world capitalism.
  3. Defeat Asians and Europeans who monopolized Indian oceans.
  4. Prepare a refreshment station for Dutch merchant from India.
  1. The main participants in East Africans long distance trade were
  1. Viumbundu, Arabs and Kamba.
  2. Yao, Kamba and Nyamwezi.
  3. Imbangala, Yao and Barbaig.
  4. Nyamwezi, Ngoni and Arabs.
  1. Scramble for Africa took place in the 19th C as a result of
  1. Merchantilism.
  2. Slave trading activities.
  3. Commercial capitalism.
  4. Industrial revolution in Europe.
  1. The abolition of slave trade in 19th C was followed by
  1. Berlin Conference.
  2. Formation of UNO.
  3. Introduction of legitimate trade.
  4. Bilateral agreements.
  1. The following involved continents of Africa. America and Europe between 15th C to 19th C
  1. Triangular trade
  2. Trans-saharan trade
  3. Merchantilism.
  4. Legitimate trade.
  1. Match the items in List A with the correct response from List B.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Microlith
  2. Age regiment
  3. Moshoes shoe
  4. 1939 to 1945
  5. Legitimate trade
  1. Bullions.
  2. Smaller refined stone tools during late stone age.
  3. A period of crushing and devastating war warfare.
  4. Peasant production.
  5. Replaced slave trade in West Africa.
  6. Harmatan Treaty.
  7. WWII.
  8. Moresby Treaty.
  9. The rule of Sheikhdom in Mombasa.
  10. Adopted by Masai.
  11. Plantation agriculture.
  12. WWI.
  13. Leader of Sotho Kingdom.
  14. Among the best company in East Africa.
  15. Mwadui.

SECTION B

  1. Answer the following questions briefly
  1. Why were German colonies taken After WW1?
  2. What was the reason for the growth of Coastal city states?
  3. How did medicine contribute to interaction Among Africans?
  4. What were the crops introduced to African coast by the Arabs?
  5. How did the people along the coast of East Africa use their knowledge of Natural Environment to make salt?
  6. What caused the decline of Trans-Atlantic Trade?
  1. Arrange the following statements in a chronological order
  1. Through the Heligoland Treaty Uganda and Witu were incorporated in the British sphere of influence and German bought part of the Sudan’s coastal strip.
  2. The Berlin Conference divided Africa into ‘Spheres in influence’
  3. The Anglo-German Agreement defined the territories of the Sultan of Zanzibar and the European Spheres of influence in East Africa
  4. The German government took over the affairs of the company
  5. The Germany East Africa Company attempted, unsuccessfully, to develop the German sphere.
  1. (a) Draw a sketch map showing 3 major trade routes in the East African long distance trade and indicate the following trading centres; Ujiji, Tabora, Bagamoyo, Mikindani, Khotakhota, Kilwa Kivinje, etc.

(b) Mention two major commodities taken from the interior to the Coast.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer any TWO questions from this section

  1. The 1929 to 1933 Economic crisis was inevitable phenomenon. Discuss.
  1. Show the resistances which led to decline the Portuguese in East Africa.
  1. Account for the outbreak of Mfecane wars in South Africa.
  1. The colonial government was most violent. Justify this statement based on process of “creation” of colonial economy

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 38


THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

PRE-NATIONAL  EXAMINATION SERIES-1

HISTORY  FORM-4

2020

TIME: 3:00 HRS

Instructions

  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of nine (9) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4.  All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) What are the major types of oral traditions? 

  1. Museums and archives
  2.  Poems and proverbs
  3. Historical sites and narration of events
  4.  Archaeology and museum
  5.  Cultural practices and narration of events 

(ii) Why is Charles Darwin famous in history?

  1.  He discovered pebbles and chopping tools.
  2.  He discovered the fossil of mans ancestors.
  3.  He introduced the theory of creation.
  4.  He discovered the remains of old people. 
  5. He introduced the theory of evolution.

(iii)  Archaeological findings whose ages are beyond 5,000 years are determined by

  1. using archives.
  2. using carbon 14.
  3. remembering events. 
  4. using time charts.
  5.  narration of past events. 

 

(iv)  What was the achievement of man during the Middle Stone Age?

  1. Discovery of fire
  2. Development of bipedalism
  3.  Domestication of animals 
  4. Making and using pebble tools
  5. Discovery of iron

 

(v)  Which one among the following places did people paint and draw in the caves?

  1. Sofala
  2.  Karagwe
  3. Kondoa Irangi
  4. Tabora
  5. Bagamoyo 

(vi)Who convened the conference which legalized the colonization of Africa?

  1. David Livingstone.
  2. Carl Peters.
  3. Otto Von Bismarck.
  4. Charles Darwin.
  5. Adolf Hitler.

(vii)      The period which was characterized by intense competition and warfare among the European states during the 17th century is called      

  1. capitalism
  2. mercantilism
  3. feudalism
  4. industrial revolution
  5.  scramble.

 

(viii)When did most parts of East Africa adopt iron technology?

  1.  1ST millennium AD. 
  2. 1ST millennium BC. 
  3. 3RD millennium AD. 
  4. 2ND millenium AD.
  5. 2ND millennium BC.

(ix) The economic system of goods and services which comprised activities such as trade, manufacturing, agriculture and mining during the colonial era is called

  1.  Neo-colonialism 
  2.  Trusteeship 
  3.  Nationalism 
  4.  Bureaucracy 
  5.  Colonial economy

(x) Who discovered the skull of the earliest ancestors of man in Olduvai Gorge?

  1.  David Livingstone. 
  2.  Charles Darwin. 
  3.  Carl Peters. 
  4.  Vasco Da Gama. 
  5.  Louis Leakey.

2. Match the stems in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the response beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) The famous long distance traders in Southern and Central Africa.

(ii) The name given to the capital of Kongo Kingdom by the Portuguese.

(iii) A title of the ruler of Lunda Empire.

(iv) A founder of Ndebele Empire.

(v) Resolves international disputes and

organizes international conferences.

  1. Ujiji
  2. General Assembly
  3. Servant and master law
  4. Direct rule
  5. Association
  6. The Venda
  7. Mzilikazi
  8. San Salvador
  9. Kabaka
  10. Mwata Yamvo
  11. Security Council
  12. Humanism
  13. Buganda
  14. Nzinga Nkuwu 
  15. Ugweno
  16. Mbanza
  17. The Nyamwezi
  18. Secretariat
  19. Lukiko
  20. Assimilation


 SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.  

 

3.  Outline five problems which faced Tanganyika African National Union during the struggle for independence.

4. (a) Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number in your answer booklet.

(i) Before 1800 AD, Africa and its interior were not known to the outside world.

(ii) Europeans took interest in Africa’s strategic areas with fertile land, minerals and navigable rivers.

(iii) The interior of Africa was exposed to the European world after the work of agents of colonialism.

(iv) By 1880s, many European nations rushed and grabbed parts of the African continent claiming they were their areas of influence.

(v) Reports of the existence of snow-capped mountains in the interior of Africa attracted great interest in the continent.

 

5. (a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and locate the following:

  1. The headquarters of East African Community
  2. The capital city of a country whose president was overthrown in a coup in 1971.
  3. The East African great slave market which was closed in 1873.
  4. The headquarters of the Portuguese rule.
  5. The region in Tanganyika which was the best reservoir of labour during the colonial period.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

6. Explain six significance of studying History.

7. “Colonial health system was discriminative.” Substantiate this statement by giving six points.

8. Discuss six contributions of the agents of colonialism to the colonization of Africa.

9. Elaborate six reasons which made the Boers to escape to escape the Southern African Cape between 1830 and 1850.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 30

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

HISTORY- POST-MOCK- EXAMINATION-JUNE

FORM FOUR

Time 3:00 Hours                                                                            JUNE 2020 

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, and C.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

                         SECTION A (20 Marks)

                       Answer All Questions.

(i) What are the major types of oral traditions? 

  1. Museums and archives
  2.  Poems and proverbs
  3. Historical sites and narration of events
  4.  Archaeology and museum
  5.  Cultural practices and narration of events

(ii) What was the most common method of farming in pre-colonial Africa?

  1. Mixed farming 
  2. Plantation agriculture 
  3. Shifting cultivation
  4. Slash and burn cultivation
  5. Permanent crop cultivation

(iii) What took place in Europe between 1750s and 1850s?

  1. Industrial revolution
  2. Scramble for Africa
  3. Mercantile capitalism 
  4. Emergency of slave trade
  5. Monopoly capitalism

 (iv) Who headed the Central government of the colony? 

  1. Queen    
  2. Governor
  3. Secretary for colonies
  4. Secretary General
  5. Minister for colonies

 (v) Why the British in East Africa provided colonial health services to few areas such as settler plantation areas, military camps and cash crop producing areas?

  1.  To make their subjects support the colonial rule.
  2.  To keep their subjects wealthier and resistant to diseases.
  3.  To make their subjects fit for economic production.
  4.  To make their subjects loyal to the colonial state.
  5.  To stop their subjects from using traditional medicines.

(vi) Which of the following were the countries which used constitutional means to gain their political independence?

  1. Mozambique and Nigeria
  2. Kenya and Tanganyika
  3. Ghana and Uganda
  4. Uganda and Tanganyika

(vii)   The social challenges facing people in Africa include 

  1. political instability and tribalism.
  2.  tribalism and neo-colonialism.
  3.  colonialism and illiteracy.
  4.  illiteracy and diseases.
  5.  corruption and lack of rule of law.

(viii) The international organization undermined by Hitler was called

  1. United Nations Organization. 
  2. League of Nations.
  3. Non-Aligned Movement.
  4. Berlin conference. 
  5. International Court of Justice.

(ix)  The first creature to walk in an upright fashion was called

  1. Homo Erectus.
  2. Primates.
  3. Homo Sapiens. 
  4. Hominids.
  5. Homo Habilis. 

(x)  What was the achievement of man during the Middle Stone Age?

  1. Discovery of fire
  2. Development of bipedalism
  3.  Domestication of animals 
  4. Making and using pebble tools
  5. Discovery of iron

(xi) Trading contacts between East Africa and Asia in the 16th  centuries were disturbed by 

  1. Berlin conference resolutions.
  2. activities of agents of colonialism.
  3. expulsion of the Portuguese.
  4. effects of the First World War.
  5. Portuguese invasion.

(xii) The making of goods and services available for human needs is known as

  1. consumption. 
  2.  production.
  3. consolidation. 
  4. interaction.
  5.  transition.

(xiii) Which one of the following was the immediate consequence of the development of Triangular trade?

  1. Decolonization of African countries
  2. Disruption of trans-Saharan trade
  3. Scramble and partition of Africa
  4. Adaptation of the Open Door Policy
  5. Implementation of indirect rule policy

(xiv) The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were

  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya 
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.

(xv)The primitive communal societies were characterized by the following features except

  1. hunting and gathering
  2. low production 
  3. exploitation of man by man 
  4. low level of technology 
  5. dependence on nature.

2. Match the items in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) An organization comprising of less developed countries in the world.

(ii) A regional grouping of countries from West Africa.

(iii) An organization whose formation was facilitated by Pan-Africanism.

(iv) An organization which replaced the former Organization of African Unity.

(v) An economic grouping comprising of 21 states in east and southern Africa.

 

  1. NAM
  2. EAC
  3. ECOWAS
  4. SADC
  5. FAO
  6. OAU
  7. AU
  8. ILO
  9. COMESA

 SECTION B (35 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.  image

3.  Outline five problems which faced Tanganyika African National Union during the struggle for independence.

4.   (a) Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.

  1. Portuguese were expelled from Fort Jesus.
  2. Vasco Da Gama reaches East Africa.
  3. Bartholomew Diaz reaches the Cape of Good Hope.
  4. Tanganyika becomes a mandate colony under the British.
  5. Britain becomes the first nation to undergo industrialization.

5.  (a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following:

  1. A country in West Africa which attained independence under the leadership of  Nnamdi Azikiwe.
  2. A country which became peaceful after the death of Jonas Savimbi in 2002.
  3. A country whose nationalist leader became her president after being imprisoned for 27 years.
  4. German East Africa
  5. A country in which the Headquarters of the African Union is situated.

 SECTION C. ANSWER ANY THREE QUESTIONS

6. Outline five tactics used to establish the colonial economy in Africa. 

7.  Access six contributions made by discovery of fire to the development of human being.

8. Explain six social factors for early interactions in Africa.

9.  Explain six differences between Direct and Indirect rule.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 23

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

HISTORY- TERMINAL- EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM FOUR

Time 3:00 Hours                                                                           MAY 2020 

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, and C.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. All drawings should be in pencil.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

                         SECTION A (20 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section.

(i) One of the advantages of the study of history is:

  1. to understand why man is a living creature.
  2. to understand the changes in relations between man and environment. 
  3. to understand the beginning and the end of the world.
  4. to learn to be tolerant to environmental issues.
  5. to understand how the environment struggles against man.

(ii) During the 1840s the East African coastal trade was dominated by:

  1. Mazrui Arabs
  2. OmanArabs 
  3. British traders
  4. German traders
  5. Indian traders.

(iii) From 1948, the coordination of all matters of common interest to Tanganyika, Kenya and Uganda were placed under the:

  1. East Africa Governors Conference.
  2. East Africa Coordination Committee. 
  3. East Africa Common Services.
  4. East Africa High Commission.
  5. East Africa Common Market.

(iv) The action that man takes against nature aims at

  1. studying the changes in the process of material production
  2. explaining man's struggle against nature
  3. showing the relationships between man and man in production
  4. developing understanding on man and his environment
  5. changing natural objects into a condition of satisfying human needs.

(v) Which of the following are included in the archives? 

  1. Division of time into days, weeks and years.
  2. Family trees, time lines and time charts.
  3. Colonial records and early travellers' records.
  4. Cultural items from the earliest times to the present.
  5. Items which show man's physical development.

(vi) Who among the following was the first systematic tool maker and had a bigger brain than that of Zinjanthropus?

  1. Homo Habilis.
  2. Homo  Sapiens. 
  3. Homo Eractus.
  4. Modern Man.
  5. Modern Apes.

(vii)  Which of the following best explains the Old Stone Age? 

  1. Man made industrial machines.
  2. Man established social institutions.
  3. Man ate cooked food.
  4. Man made tools like hand axes.
  5. Man domesticated crops and animals.

(viii) The increase of the European merchants in the interior of Africa after the abolition of slave trade aimed at

  1. intensifying slavery and  slave trade 
  2. establishing heavy industries
  3. searching for the sea route to India 
  4. establishing legitimate trade
  5. assisting the Africans economically.

(ix) Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because

  1. the colonialists were interested in obtaining  raw materials
  2. the colonialists stressed on the provision of  social services 
  3. the climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.

(x)  Which of the following are included in the museums?

  1. Cultural, social and economic items from the earliest  time to the present. 
  2. Remains which show man’s past made and used tools.
  3. Cultural practices such as art, music  religion and riddles. 
  4. Colonial records and early traveller’s  records.
  5. Special names of generations, clan trees and tribal chronology.

(xi)  The coastal city states which grew from the trade contacts between East Africa and Asia were 

  1. Mwanza, Tanga and Dar es Salaam
  2. Malindi, Kilwa and Mombasa
  3. Nairobi, Kampala and Dar es Salaam 
  4. Lamu, Bagamoyo and Mbeya
  5. Mombasa, Zanzibar and Kigoma.

(xii) Industrial development in Africa was not prioritized by the capitalists during the colonial time because

  1. The colonialists were interested in obtaining raw materials 
  2. The colonialists stressed on the provision of social services 
  3. The climate did not favour industrial development
  4. Africa had no enough raw materials
  5. Africa had no infrastructure to support the industries.

(xiii)    Three pre-colonial modes of production which existed in Africa were 

  1. Socialism, capitalism and communism
  2. Socialism, capitalism and communalism 
  3. Slavery, feudalism and communalism
  4. Slavery, feudalism and communism 
  5. Socialism, capitalism and humanism.

(xiv)    The core ideas of the French Revolution were

  1. slave trade, colonialism and neo-colonialism
  2. markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  3. communalism, slavery and feudalism 
  4. fraternity, liberty and equality
  5. scramble, partition and bogus treaties.

(xv) In areas such as Kondoa-Irangi, paintings and drawings in caves give evidence of the activities of;

  1. iron smelters
  2. settled communities
  3. Colonial legacy
  4. education for adaptation
  5. slave trade and slavery.

2. Match the stems in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the response

beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

( I )The first Portuguese merchant-explorer to round the Cape of Good Hope in 1498.

(ii)Famous British explorer in West Africa.

(iii)The feudal relation which developed between the Tutsi and Hutu.

(iv)The new economic strategy for Tanzania in 1967.

(v)Resolved the conflict on the use of Congo and Niger rivers.

 

  1. Ubugabire
  2. Colonialism
  3. Namibia
  4. Anglo- Germany treaty of 1890
  5. Mungo Park
  6. South Africa
  7. William Mackinnon
  8. Communalism
  9. Neo-colonialism
  10. Nyarubanja
  11. General China
  12. Zimbabwe
  13. Assimilation policy
  14. Arusha Declaration
  15. Capitalist conference of 1884-1885
  16. Feudalism
  17. Indirect rule system
  18. Cecil Rhodes
  19. Vasco Da Gama
  20. Slavery

  SECTION B.

 3. Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.

(i) African nationalist politics in South Africa started with the formation of the South Africa Native National Congress (SANNC) in 1912.

(ii) African National Congress (ANC) led by Nelson Mandela established its armed wing known as "Umkhonto we Sizwe" (Spear of the Nation) which immediately embarked upon military operations within South Africa.

(iii) In 1949 the Youth League launched its "Programme of Action" which aimed at attainment of freedom from white domination.

(iv) The imposition of capitalist relations of production in South Africa, unlike other parts of the continent, is underlined by racism. This made nationalist struggles in South Africa to be more complicated and long.

(v) In 1964, Nelson Mandela was arrested and sent to jail. Later in 1990 he was released and the majority rule was obtained in 1994.

4: (a) Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate the following;

(i) A country in West Africa which attained independence under the leadership of Nnandi Azikiwe.

(ii) A country which became peaceful after the death of Jonas Savimbi in 2002.

(iii)  A country whose nationalist leader became her president after being imprisoned for 27 years.

(iv) German East Africa.

(v) A country in which the Headquarters of the African Union is situated.

(b) Outline five problems which faced Tanganyika African National Union during the struggle for independence.

5. Explain the meaning of the following briefly

a)     Indirect rule in Nigeria

b)    Assimilation policy

c)     Partition of Africa

d)    Slave trade

e)     Mfecane war.

SECTION 45 MARKS

Answer only three questions

5. Access six contributions made by discovery of fire to the development of human being.

6. Critically examine six effects of the legitimate trade in West Africa.

7. Elaborate six causes of political instability in Africa.

8. With examples, explain six reasons for African resistances to colonial rule.

9. Analyse six tactics used by the colonialists to establish colonial economy in Africa

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 17

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

MID TERM EXAMINATIONS- MARCH 2020

 

022                                                                 HISTORY  FORM FOUR

 

Time: 3Hours                                                                                                           

 

Instructions:

 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of  8 questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and two (2) questions from section C 
  3. All writing should be in blue or black pen, except for diagrams that must be drawn in pencil.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)

 

 

1. For each of the items (i) – (xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

 

            (i) What was the major causes of the Great Depression?

  1. Second World War
  2. First World War
  3. Berlin Conference
  4. Boer Trek
  5. Holland

(ii) The first European Nation to industrialize was:

  1. Germany
  2. Britain
  3. France
  4. Belgium
  5. Holland

(iii) The theory of evolution was proposed by:

  1. Louis Leakey
  2. Carl Peters
  3. Charles Darwin
  4. Henry Stanley
  5. Donald Cameron 

(iv) Three pre – colonial modes of production which existed in Africa were:

  1. Socialism, capitalism and communism
  2. Socialism, capitalism and communalism
  3. Slavery, feudalism and communalism
  4. Slavery, feudalism and communism
  5. Socialism, capitalism and humanism

(v) The core ideas of the French Revolution were:

  1. Slave trade, colonialism and neo – colonialism
  2. Markets, raw materials and cheap labour
  3. Communalism, slavery and feudalism
  4. Fraternity, liberty and equality
  5. Scramble, partition and bogus treaties.

(vi) The people whose work is to study and explain remains which show man’s physical development and the tools he made and used are called?

  1. Iron smiths
  2. Industrialists
  3. Revolutionists
  4. Evolutionists
  5. Archaeologists.

(vii) The economic system of goods and services which comprised activities such as trade, manufacturing, agriculture and mining during the colonial era is called?

  1. Neo – colonialism
  2. Trusteeship
  3. Nationalism
  4. Bureaucracy
  5. Colonial economy

 

(viii) Who discovered the skull of the earliest ancestors of man in Olduvai Gorge?

  1. David Livingstone
  2. Charles Darwin
  3. Carl Peters
  4. Vasco Dam Gama
  5. Louis Leakey

(ix) Which of the following are included in the museums?

  1. Cultural, social and economic items from the earliest time to the present.
  2. Remains which shoe man’s pas made and used tools.
  3. Cultural practices such a as art, music, religion and riddles.
  4. Colonial records and early travelers’ records.
  5. Special names of generations, clan trees and tribal chronology.

(x) The type of colonial agriculture which predominated in Kenya was:

  1. Plantation
  2. Peasant
  3. Co –operative
  4. Settler
  5. Pastoralism 

            (xi) The primitive communal societies were characterized by the following features except:

  1. Hunting and gathering
  2. Low production
  3. Exploitation of man by man
  4. Low level of technology
  5. Dependence on nature.

(xii) Who convened the conference which legalized the colonization of Africa?

  1. David Livingstone
  2. Carl Peters
  3. Otto Von Bismarck
  4. Charles Darwin
  5. Adolf Hitler.

(xiii) The period which was characterized by intense competition and warfare among the European states during 17th century is called?

  1. Capitalism
  2. Mercantilism
  3. Feudalism
  4. Industrial revolution
  5. Scramble

(xiv) The increase of the European merchants in the interior of Africa after the abolition of slave trade aimed at:

  1. Intensifying slavery and slave trade
  2. Establishing heavy and slave trade.
  3. Establishing heavy industries
  4. Searching for the sea route to India.
  5. Establishing legitimate trade
  6. Assisting the Africans economically 

(xv) The average difference of age between parents and their children is called?

  1. Period
  2. Age
  3. Family tree
  4. Time line 
  5. Generation
  6. Family tree

 

2. Match the items in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer.

 

LIST A

LIST B

  1. A person who played a vital role in the mass killing of Jews in Europe
  2. A person who established a fascist ideology in Italy
  3. A person whose leadership paved the way for the independence of Zambia.
  4. A person who overthrew Milton Obote and led Uganda with an iron hand.
  5. A person who heads the Secretariat of the United Nations Organization.
  1. Adolf Hitler
  2. Charles Darwin
  3. Idd Amin Dada
  4. Louis Leakey
  5. Yoweri Museveni
  6. Benito Mussolini
  7. Keneth Kaunda
  8. Robert Mugabe
  9. Fredirick Chiluba
  10. Secretary – General

 

 

 

 

SECTION B:

 

3. (a) Draw the sketch map of Africa and locate by using roman numbers:

  1. A country whose independence sharpened the continent – wide struggle for independence.
  2. A country in which Biafra war occurred.
  3. A Portuguese colony which attained her independence under the leadership of Augostino Neto.
  4. A country in which the Organization of African Unity was formed.
  5. The canal built by the colonialists to facilitate voyages to and from India and the Middle East.

     (b) Outline five tactics used to establish the colonial economy in Africa.

 

4. Arrange the following statements in chronological order by writing number 1 to 5 beside the item number.

  1. Portuguese were expelled from the Fort Jesus
  2. Vasco Da Gama reaches East Africa
  3. Bartholomew Diaz reaches the Cape of Good Hope
  4. Tanganyika becomes a mandate colony under the British
  5. Britain becomes the first nation to undergo industrialization.

 

 

SECTION C:

 

5. Explain six social factors for early interactions in Africa.

 

6. Why Mozambique attained her independence through armed struggle? (Give six points)

 

7. Assess six contributions made by discovery of fire to the development of human being. 

 

8. Why did some Africans collaborate with Europeans during colonial invasion? (Give six points)

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR HISTORY EXAM SERIES 3

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