FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAMS SERIES

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

 

032/1                                                GEOGRAPHY   FORM  FOUR

TIME: 2 HOURS                                                                                             NOVEMBER 2022

 

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of section A, B, and C
  2. Answer all questions in Section A and B and two (02) questions from section C
  3. Section A carries fifteen (15) marks, Section B carries fifty five (55) marks and Section C carries thirty (30) marks
  4. Map extract of Babati (Sheet 85/1) is provided
  5. Programmable Calculator and Cellular phones are not allowed in Examination room.
  6. Write your Examination number on every page of your answer sheet.

 

image SECTION A: (15 MARKS)

Answer ALL questions in this section

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the table provided image

(i) We often see iron made materials get rust and ultimately cause them to decay, what process is responsible for such process?

A.   Carbonation image

B.    Solution

C.    Oxidation

D.   Hydrolysis 

E. Hydration

image(ii) The tourist enjoy the temperature of Zanzibar which was 300C at sea level. They also planned to travel from Zanzibar to Manyara which is 1500 meter above the sea level. What will be the temperature experienced by tourist in Manyara?

A. 230

B. 90C

c. 190C

 D. 60C

imageE. 170C image
(iii) Jane has been living in Dar es Salaam since 1990 and works as a secretary in the prime Minister's office. In January 2019 she was transferred to a new office in Dodoma region. Identify the type of Jane's movement.

  1. Migrant
  2. Emigration
  3. Immigrat
  4. Emigrant
  5. Immigration.

(iv). Japanese felt the earth’s crust moving back and forth and the same to all surrounding environment, help them to familiarize with the phenomena with the most correct type of wave that caused such movement.

  1. Love waves
  2. Secondary waves
  3. Primary
  4. Raleigh waves
  5. Surface waves.

(v) Form one students were discussing the different form of precipitation during discussion they failed to identify the form of precipitation which consist of tiny ice crystals deposited on object on the ground. What form of precipitation will you suggest?

  1. Frost
  2. Dew
  3. Hail
  4. Mist
  5. Fog.

(vi)    River Nile is one of the famous rivers in Africa that flows throughout the year and passes through different countries, suggest to non - geographical taker the type of such river in the following

A.   Complex or composite

B.   Double regime

C.   Perennial

D.   Intermittent 

E. Ephemeral

(vii)River basin development in Africa has been of great value and one of the most important role of production of Hydro - electric power produced from the Dams constructed across the rivers, help someone to know out of all these dams which one is not from Africa?

A.   INGA dam

B.   KAINJI dam

C.   SEVEN FORKS dam

D.   NIAGARA falls 

E. SENNAR dam

(viii)  Tanzania usually conduct national census after every ten years and it is very important exercise as it entails the total number of people in the country, their socio economic status and making of future demographic plans, as a smart form four student remind as the year when the second census was conducted after independence.image

A.   1967 

B. 1984

c. 2012 

D. 2002 

E. 1988

(ix)    The study tour of form three students from Dar es Salaam to Mbeya gave them the nice experience of see the different geographical features as they travelled the soil reflection differed from whiteness, blackness and so on, their teacher Mr. Tumsifu told them the changes that they saw in soil was result of organic matter, mineralogical contents, and demand them to recall the term responsible for the process among the following

A.   Soil porosity

B.   Soil PH

C.   Soil color

D.   Soil texture 

E. Soil matter

(x) You are asked to help a form two students who failed to identify the types of the forest found in the area with low temperature. What type of the forest will you image suggest among the following?

A.     Tropical rain forest

B.     Coniferous forest 

C. Equatorial forest

D.  Deciduous forest

E.   Mediterranean forest

2.    Match the descriptions of soil in the LIST A with response of soil formation in the LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the items number in the answer booklet provided

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Residue that have decomposed and mixed with soil mass.
  2. State of soil with respect of the amount of element.
  3. Removal of materials from surface land
  4. Vertical section of soil to underlined in rocks
  5. Fineness and coarseness of soil articles
  1. Soil types
  2. Soil profile
  3. Loam soil
  4. Soil texture
  5. Soil structure
  6. Soil fertility
  7. Soil organic
  8. Soil chemist
  9. Soil chemist
  10. Soil erosion
  11. Soil water
  12. Soil air

 

 

SECTION B: (55 MARKS)

Answer all questions from this section

3.    Study carefully the map extract of KOROGWE (sheet 129/2), then answer the following questions

(a) Describe the relief of the mapped area

(b)Examine the settlement patterns of the area

(c)Express the scale of the map into statement scale

(d)Calculate the area of the whole map of Korogwe in km2 by using Grid squares

(e)With evidence from the map mention four economic activities done in the area

4.    Jema afraid for the disintegration and movement of the fragment which move down from the mountain and need to know the process occur on that area

image (a) Name the process seen by Jema

(b)Describe how animals cause the process mentioned in (a) above

(c)List five process of chemical weathering

5.    Teacher asked form four students to do research on the problems caused by the earth quakes in their village.

(a)Name two research tools will be used by students

 (b) Give four advantages of each tool

(c) Explain four challenges of each tool

6.    Form three students of Rudewa secondary school would like to conduct a simple chain survey around their netball ground.

(a)Describe three benefits of doing a simple chain survey

(b)Mention essential tools needed on that process .

7.    Carefully study the photograph below then answer the question that follow.

image

(a) Write two evidences suggest the type of the photograph.

(b)Many people prefer going to water bodies to refresh after a long hard working day. However many cannot identify features around them, as an expert help them to identify three (3) main geomorphic features shown on the photograph

(c)Elaborate in short any two (2) process responsible for the formation of the named features.

(d)Name three (3) economical resources which can be found in the area

SECTION C: (30 MARKS)

Answer two (2) questions from this section

8. On 23rd August, 2022 has been announced as a CENSUS DAY by Tanzanian Government. All Tanzanian citizens must be enumerated

(a) Describe five objectives of conducting census in our country

(b) Explain three limitations of census in African countries

9.    Nowadays "Royal Tour" is the common word in Tanzania, it attracts and announces our tourist attractions in the country. By using concrete examples explain five (5) negative effects of Tourism in East Africa.

10.  Form four students were given assignment of visiting rural areas of their ancestors to learn different matters relating to socio — economic and cultural values of society of their origin. Among the surprising fact they discovered was the presence of  high birth rate in rural areas as compared to urban areas, where fertility rate is low. Present the findings to your teacher by stating six reasons for high birth rate in rural areas

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 132

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY-SEPT 2022

FORM FOUR

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) question.
  2. Answer All questions in sections A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.
  3. Map extract of LINDI is provided
  4. Cellular phones are NOT allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination number on every page of your answer booklet (s)

SECTION A (15 MARKS)

PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY

  1. For each of the items (i) – (x) choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number.
  1. The sun is a star of average size and brightness from Earth, the sun appears as round yellow object in the daytime sky. At night we see other stars they appear as tiny points of night. Why does the sun appear large than stars that we see at night?
  1. Earth’s Atmosphere filters out light from other stars making them appear large
  2. The sun is close to the earth than other star making the sun appear large
  3. Star light bend as it pass planets making stars appear smaller
  4. Day light bend brightness the sun, making it appear larger
  5. The sun is the planet which follow after the Earth there fore if is very close to it.
  1. Mrs. Kandonga was shocked the way the earth’s crust shaking resulting to large displacement of materials located on the ground. As a form four students having the knowledge of about the event, what is general statement could you describe the epicenter as source/origin of the shaking of the ground?
  1. The epicenter is the point on the Earth’s surface just above the location where movement on the fault begin.
  2. The epicenter is at Caltech in paradena an seismograph are located
  3. The epicenter is a place on the fault where interests the surface
  4. The epicenter is the point on the fault’s surface within the Earth where the rapture on the fault begin
  5. Non above.
  1. If a geography teachers; Mr. Hassan takes you up to Kilimanjaro Mt. What features would you observe?
  1. Shield volcano and strato volcano
  2. Strato volcano and caldera
  3. Strato volcano and crater
  4. Dumulo dome and caldera
  5. Dyke and sills
  1. The form four students were told by their geography teacher to identify the second layer of the earth’s crust. The response of the students was


  1. Sial
  2. Sima
  3. Mantle
  4. Core
  5. Gutenburg gap


  1. James was given explanation about drainage pattern which looks like a tree with its branches. Which of the following patterns is looking like a tree with its branches?


  1. Trellised
  2. Dendritic
  3. Centripetal
  4. Radial
  5. Annular


  1. If the temperature at 500 metres where the tourists start climbing mount Rugwe is 20°C. What will be the temperature when they reach 2000 meters above sea level?
  1. 10°C
  2. 5°C
  3. 11°C
  4. 12°C
  5. 15°C
  1. If you were a geographer, how could you name the process in which a river renews its erosion in its valley?
  1. Regime
  2. Rejuvenation
  3. Capture
  4. Cavitation
  5. Non-of the above.
  1. If the time at town X 15°E is 12:00 noon, what could be the longitude of 8:00 a.m?


  1. 15°W
  2. 30°E
  3. 45°W
  4. 30°W
  5. 45°E


  1. The Amazon and Congo basine are regions characterized with the same geographical 10 human activities, climate, vegetation and relied. What could be the general term for these regions?
  1. Natural region
  2. Natural resources
  3. Natural vegetation
  4. Natural landscape
  5. Natural climate
  1. Lucia was crossing Rufiji River and accidentally dropped her school bag in the river. Lucia cried as she observed her bag being pulled by the river water the India Ocean. What could the bag named in relation to the river action?
  1. River erosion
  2. River transportation
  3. River load
  4. River meander
  5. River bed
  1. Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Fineness and coarseness of the soil particles
  2. Residues that have decomposed and mixed with soil mass.
  3. Status of soil with respect to amount of elements necessary for plant growth
  4. Removal of materials from the surface of land
  5. Vertical section of the soil to the underlying rocks
  1. Soil type
  2. Soil profile
  3. Loam soil
  4. Soil texture
  5. Soil structure
  6. Soil fertility
  7. Soil organic matter
  8. Soil chemistry
  9. Soil erosion
  10. Soil water
  11. Soil air

SECTION B: (55 Marks)

  1. Carefully study the map extract of LINDI provided and then answer the following questions
  1. Convert RF scale given from the map into statement scale.
  2. A tax driver was moving from Mchinga to Lindi where there is falting station. Find the distance covered in Kilometers
  3. Calculate the area covered by the forests south of grid line 120.
  4. With evidences, suggest four economic activities of the people living in the area.
  5. Giving two evidence from the map. Name the type of climate experienced in this area.
  1. Carefully study the data in the table below showing importation of motor vehicles from Europe in 2009, and answer the questions that follows:

Name of vehicle imported 

Number of motor vehicle

JEEO

430

BENZ

192

BMW

108

RIMOUSSENE

70

  1. Draw a divided circle to represent the data
  2. Show three advantages and two disadvantages of the method you have used in (a) above.
  1. In 2022 form four students from Matemanga secondary school heard about loss of biodiversity existing in Ngorongoro game reserve located at Arusha region Via television and Radio, Geography teacher and reference books from library. They decided to conduct research finally they submitted their report to the head of school.
  1. Suggest the statement of the problem for their research
  2. What were the main three (3) objectives of their research?
  3. Identity two sources of that research problem.
  4. Elaborate four possible research tools he would use during data collection.
  1. There was land conflict between two farmers of a certain village in Namtumbo District. The village officers decided to invite a survey team and Cadastral officer to measure and demarcate the boundaries of the two farms. The invited officers decided to use chain/tape surveying to settle the problem.
  1. Explain three (3), procedures they use during the surveying process.
  2. Describe (5) instrument they might used in surveying the farmer’s farm.
  3. Briefly outline the three advantages of the surveying method used above.
  1. Study the following photograph and answer the questions that follow.

C:UsersKYAMBODocumentsmocks schemesc2ag_250x167_3_Taiwan_eferry_01.jpg

  1. Identify the type of photograph. Give two reasons to support your answer
  2. What type of transport is shown in the photograph, and name the kind of vessel shown in the photograph?
  3. Explain four advantages of transport shown on the photograph
  4. Identity four main functions of the area.

SECTION C (30 MARKS)

  1. The government of Tanzania has been struggling to achieve economic development and one of the approach that has been proposing is transport and communication. Explain the significance of transportation in developing in developing countries. Give six points
  2. When Maganga, a geography teacher was teaching form four students about small scale agriculture, he said “small scale agriculture has been greatly affect bt the rapid population explosion”. As a form four student show how does rapid population explosion affects small scale agriculture.
  3. From the experience that you have acquired from geographical studies, examine eight factors which lead to the growth of settlement in different parts of the country.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 117

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE, MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR -2022

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  • Answer all questions in section A and B and any two (2) questions from section C. 
  • Map extract of Kigoma (sheet 92/3) is provided.
  • Programmable calculators, cellular phones and unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  • Write your examination number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A

Answer all questions in this section

1 For each of the items (i — x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the answer bracket (s) provided.

(i) The Earth have different evidences that proves that the Earth is spherical. What do you think that this is one among those evidences?

  1. The four seasons
  2. The lunar eclipse
  3. The revolution of the Earth
  4. The Earth rotation
  5. The eclipse of the sun

(ii) If the scale of a map is 1: 50,000 what will be the actual ground distance of a river with 18cm on a map?

  1. 91m 
  2. 2km 
  3. 18000km 
  4. 4Km
  5. 900,000 km

(iii) The forceful emission of hot water from the ground into the atmosphere is known as

  1. Geyser 
  2. Well 
  3. Hot spring
  4. Pond 
  5. Dyke 

(iv) If the temperature at 950 metres is 240 C What is the temperature of Kilimanjaro 5895 metres above the sea level?

  1. 10.240 C
  2. 340 C
  3. 5.67C
  4. 18.50 C
  5. 320 C

(v) A drainage pattern which works likc a trcc with its branches is called

  1. Radial 
  2. Dendritic 
  3. Centripetal 
  4. Annual 
  5. Trells

(vi) A vertical feature formed out of the solidification of magma within the Earth's crust is called

  1. Localita
  2. sill 
  3. lopolith 
  4. Dykc 
  5. Phacolith

(vii) The process of peeling off of rock mass is called

  1. Disintegration 
  2. Weathering 
  3. Mass wasting
  4. Erosion 
  5. Exfoliation

(viii) Various methods are used in the mining activities depending on the occurrence of the concerned mineral, easiness of the method and cost. The following are the common methods of mining except

  1. Strip method 
  2. Placer method 
  3. Open cast method
  4. Underground method 
  5. Gold, zinc and copper

(ix) The following arc the element of weather

  1. Soils, clouds, dew, humidity, rainfall
  2. Pressure, clouds, sunshine, humidity, winds 
  3. Fog, barometer, humidity, pressure, air mass
  4. Pressure, humidity, soil, fog, rainfall
  5. Clouds, sunshine, pressure, humidity, thermometer

(x) Form of metamorphism which affects large area with the influence of pressure only

  1. Contact metamorphism 
  2. Dynamic metamorphism
  3. Local metamorphism
  4. Thermal metamorphism
  5. Diastrophism

2. Match the items in List A with the responses in list B by writing the letter Of the correct responses beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Fineness and coarsened of soil particles 

(ii) Removal of materials from the surface of the land

(iii) Vertical section of the soil to the underlying rocks

(iv) Status of soil with respect to amount elements necessary for plants

(v) Residues that have decomposed and mixed with soil mass

  1. Soil type
  2. Soil profile
  3. Loamy soil
  4. Soil texture 
  5. Soil structure
  6. Soil fertility
  7. Soil organic matters
  8. Soil chemistry
  9. Soil erosion
  10. Soil water
  11. Soil air

SECTION B ( 55 Marks)

3. Study carefully the map extract of Kigoma (sheet 92/3) and then answer the questions that follows.

(a) Identity the features that found in the following grid references

  1. 923617 
  2. 945599 
  3. 910596

(b) Calculate the area of lake Tanganyika from 570 Southward. Give your answer in Km2

(c) What is the length of the railway line from grid reference 944633 Eastward. Give your answer in Km.

(d) With evidence suggest the type of settlement patterns depicted in the map.

(e) By providing evidences, explain three (3) human economic activities and two (2) social activities that might be taking place in the area.

4. The following table indicates scores of Geography weekly test for some form four students at Mwakalel Secondary School in 2021.

Student's name

Mwantege

Mwaipya

Mwaitabete

Mwakatundu

Mwakabute

Sares

70

50

70

80

40

(a) Present the data by means of divergence bar graph

(b) Give two merits and two demerits of the methods used.

5. (a) Mary is a good cartographer, she intends to produce a contoured map of Morogoro. What type of survey method would you advise her to apply.

(b) A part from producing contoured maps what is the other significance of the survey you have mentioned in (a) above.

(c) Mention and explain uses of any three instruments which are used in a method you mentioned in (a) above.

6. Kibwena is studying in a boarding school at Kigoma but his home is in Tarime District where he used to observe several conflicts between farmers and pastoralists. In his third week in school he heard through, the radio that, a farmer was killed by the pastoralist in his home village he decided to conduct research about the conflict.

(a) Suggest the statement of the problem for his research.

(b) Identify two sources of that research problem

(c) Elaborate four (4) possible research tools he could use during data collection,

(d) Explain three significance or conducting that research.

7. Carefully study the following photograph and answer the questions that follows:-

(a) By giving two reasons, identify the type of photograph

(b) With evidences, suggest two climates of the area

(c) Name the feature found at the background of the photograph.

(d) Give one reason, why the major trees shown in the photograph have no leaves?

(e) Why the images of trees at the fore ground seems to be large than those trees at the back ground even if are of the same size?

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Development of transport and communication system takes place fast where there is enough capital. But lack of capital leads to poor and slow development of transport and communication. Therefore the government should invest more capital to constructing good infrastructure because of the major importance that are found within this sector. Give six importance of transport and communication to any nation.

9. With examples describe cultural beliefs which influence high fertility or birthrate in developing countries lake Tanzania as your reference (provide six (6) points).

10. "Manufacturing industry plays a great role to the economic development of a country?' clarify any six (6) constrains which face the development of textile industry in Tanzania.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 99

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR -2022

INSTRUCTIONS

  1.                This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2.                Answer all questions in sections A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.
  3.                Map extract of Mkomazi (Sheet 109/1) is provided.
  4.                Programmable calculators, cellular phones and unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5.               Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)Due to the spinning effect of the earth, air currents do not travel in straight line. The term used to describe this situation is 

  1.               Deflection
  2.               Reflection
  3.               Deflaction
  4.               Abrasion
  5.                Direction

(ii)If the time at place X 45°E is 10:00am what will be the time at place Y 45°W?

  1.               6:00am
  2.               10:00am
  3.               4:00pm
  4.               4:00am
  5.                10:00pm

(iii)The temperature at place K whose altitude is 200metres is 20°C. What will be the temperature at mount H whose altitude is 3400metres?

  1.               39.2°C
  2.               0.8°C
  3.               19.2°C
  4.               10.8°C
  5.                21°C

(iv)When a river system is not related to the structure of the region where it flows, the system is said to show a drainage pattern known as 

  1.               Trellis
  2.               Superimposed
  3.               Rejuvenated
  4.               Dendritic
  5.                Normal

(v)Which of the following combined processes makes mass wasting?

  1.               Soil creep
  2.               Mud flow
  3.               Granular disintegration
  4.               Rock falls and landslides
  5.                Joint and crack

(vi)Which of the following features are produced by water action on the desert?

  1.               Yardangs and playas
  2.               Sand-dunes and Canyons
  3.               Alluvial fans and zeugens
  4.               Canyons and playas
  5.                Yardangs and sand-dunes

(vii)The rocks which contain iron are easily weathered through the process called 

  1.               Hydrolysis
  2.               Hydration
  3.               Oxidation
  4.               Carbonation
  5.                Solution

(viii)Soil with clear distinguishable horizons which occur in definite region of climate and vegetation are known as 

  1.               Intrazonal soil
  2.               Clay soil
  3.               Azonal soil
  4.               Zonal soil
  5.                Silt soil

(ix)Plants with long roots, thorny stems, needle-shaped leaves, wax or hair found in;

  1.               Hot desert
  2.               Mediterranean region
  3.               Equatorial region
  4.               Tropical grass lands
  5.                Mountain region

(x)A good example of igneous rocks is 

  1.               Gneiss
  2.               Basalt
  3.               Gabbro
  4.               Marble
  5.                Slate

 

 

 

2. Match the items in LIST A with the responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in your booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Is the underground chamber formed due to solution of the limestone rock?
  2. The river stream formed when water sink underground through sink hole and joint
  3. A finger-like masses of calcite hanging vertical from the roof of the cavern
  4. Are swampy rock masses which grow from the floor of the cavern upwards
  5. Are formed when the stalactite and the stalagmite join.
  1.               Helictite
  2.               Stalagmite
  3.               Anthodites
  4.               Stalactite
  5.                Underground river
  6.                Cavern or Caver
  7.               Resurgent river
  8.               Natural pillar

 

 

SECTION B (55 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section

3.Study the map extract of Kasamwa (sheet 32/4) then answer the questions that follow:

  1.                 By using the given R.F. Scale, measure the distance of all-weather road in Kilometers from grid 330851 to grid 430924
  2.                 Through giving evidence, explain any four (4) economic activities that might be taking place in the area
  3.                 Find the bearing of Bungwe Hill grid reference 430820 from Chabulongo Hill grid reference 365915
  4.                 Name the methods used to show the relief features on the map
  5.                 Name the main features found in the following grid reference
  1. 315850
  2. 430930
  3. 360860
  4. 360860
  5. 320915

 

4.Study the following data for vehicles moving along Morogoro-Dodoma, and then answer the following questions

Period

Dustan

Land Rover

Isuzu

Toyota

Others

8:30 – 10:30am

100

150

300

240

80

2:30 – 4:30pm

40

60

70

20

50

6:30 – 8:30pm 

120

130

90

140

120

TOTAL

260

340

460

400

250

  1.                 Present the data above by means of a Pie chart
  2.                 Describe the advantages and disadvantage of the method you have used in (a) above (2 points each case)

5(a)What is plane table survey?

(b)Mention the composition of the chain survey team and state the role of each member.

(c)Using diagram, demonstrate how to conduct chain survey in an area with a small hill which cannot be walked around easily 

 

6(a)Point out five (5) objectives of doing research in Tanzania 

(b)Explain the meaning the following concepts as applied in research 

  1. Reconnaissance
  2. Questionnaires
  3. Data analysis
  4. Systematic sampling
  5. Hypothesis formulation
  6. Primary data

 

7.Carefuly study the photograph below and answer the questions that follows.

 

 

 

  1. With two (2) reasons suggest the type of photograph shown above?
  2. Name the natural activity taking place in the photograph
  3. Mention any three (3) extrusive features formed by the activity in 7(ii) above
  4. State any three (3) positive impacts and any three (3) negative impacts of the activity taking place in the photograph

 

SECTION C (30 MARKS)

Answer two (2) questions from this section

8.Population in Sub-Sahara Africa is unevenly distributed. Discuss (six points)

9. (a) Distinguish between large scale and small-scale farming. (Three points)

(b) What are the advantages of large-scale farming over small scale farming? (Three points)

10.The Earth spins on its own axis from West to East and make one complete rotation after 24 hours. What are the outcomes of this motion? (Four points)

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 86

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR- MARCH/APRIL -2021

Time: 3 Hours

Instructions.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

TIME 3:00 HRS 

INSTRUCTIONS

  1.                This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total often (O) questions.
  2.                Answer all questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C
  1.                Section A carries fifteen (15) marks; section B fifty-five (55) marks AND section C carries thirty (30) marks.
  2.                Map extract of MKOMAZI (Sheet 109/1).
  3.                Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized material are not allowed
  4.                Write your fully name on every page of your answer

SECTION A: 15 MARKS

Answer all questions in this section

l. For each of the following item (i) —(x), choose the correct answer from the given alterative and write its letter In the booklet(s) provided.ssss

  1.                  The sun IS surrounded by a layer of gas that has boiled from its surfaces, -
    1.               Corona
    2.               Colona
    3.               Satellite
    4.               Milky way
    5.                 Galaxy
  2.               Form tour students from Kibo secondary school visited KIA weather station, but suddenly all of them were shocked to see a white wooden box mounted on 4 legs. What are the instruments found in it?
    1.              Maximum and minimum thermometer
    2.               Hygrometer, wet bulb and rain gauge
    3.               Drv bulb thermometer and barometer
    4.              Six's thermometer and wind vane

iii) Minimum thermometer and wind speed which of the following occurs when the moon's shadow cast over the earth0

  1.               Solar eclipse
  2.               Lunar eclipse
  3.               Aphelion
  4.               Summer solstice 
  5.                E) Equinoxes
  1.              A geographer watched national geographic session on TV at Baffin Bay (750W, 780N) at 7:30pm

Tuesday at what time and day will people in Mpanda (450E, 060S) be watching the TV9

  1.              8.30pm Tuesday
  2.               3:30pm Wednesday
  3.               1 1:30pm Wednesday
  4.              12:30pm Tuesday
  5.               3:30am Wednesday
  1.                Form four students of Kibo secondary school made simple Investigation around Lake

Victoria with their geography teacher, arc observed that, Lake Victoria is the best example of, -

  1.              Up warping
  2.               Volcanic activity
  3.               Wave action
  4.              Down warping E) Rift valley
  1.              When describing the internal structure of the earth crust which layers, is the following which layer of the earth forms the ocean floor
    1.              Sial
    2.               Core
    3.               Crust D) Mantle E) Sima
  2.            The tourists enjoyed the temperature of Mwanza which was 320C at sea level. They also planned to travel from Mwanza to Arusha which is 1500M above sea level. What will be the temperature experienced by the tourists in Arusha?

A) 90C

  1.               0 60C
  2.               170c
  3.              190C
  4.               230C

 Philemon was living near the mountain. Within a time; he noticed the bending of trees and fences down ward the slope. Identify the type process occur.

A) . Mud slide

B).   Soil slide

  1.            Soil creep
  2.                                    Rock fall
  3.               Soil erosion

x) The form three students were told that, soil has certain biological chemical and physical characteristics. What is the general term for these characteristics?

  1.              Soil particles
  2.               Soil properties
  3.               Soil formation
  4.              Soil profile
  5.               soil fertility
  1.                Match the descriptions of the type of agriculture in LJ.ST A with the correct type of agriculture in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided

 

LIST A

LIST B

 

 

 

 

  1. The bar that runs across the bay
  2. Features formed as a result of a bar of sand or Island to mainland
  3. Accumulation of loose material on the shore of the sea
  4. Long ridge of sand running parallel to the coast and scoured from it by an Island to mainland
  5. Low narrow ridge of pebbles or sand joined to the Ind end
  1.              Barrier beach
  2.               Tombolo
  3.               Bay-bar
  4.              Offshore bar
  5.               Beach
  6.                Bar
  7.              Spit

SECTION B: 55 MARKS

Answer all questions from this section

  1.                Study the map extract of MKOMANZI (Sheet 109/1) provided then answer die following questions
    1.                Calculate the forest area by grid square in km2
    2.                In which ways the map scale has been expressed?
    3.                With reasons identify the major type of transport found in the mapped area?
    4.                With evidence from the map, describe two geomorphic processes that have shaped the mapped area.
    5.                With two reasons, identify the type of climate in the area
  2.                Mr. Lufega is a very good farmer but he does not know how to present the production of his crops by using graphs although he always likes to record the production of each year The table below shows his records of production of some crops as from 2010 to 2013 in "000" tones

Crops/year

2010

201 1

2012

2013

Cotton

65

35

60

70

Wheat

25

30

20

25

Sisal

50

60

45

45


  1.               Help Mr. Lufega to present the data by using a grouped bar graph
  2.            Explain to Mr. Lufega three advantages Of using the above method of data presented (iii) Comment on the trend of production of Mr. Lufega
  1.                Luciana visited her friend at Mwibate village, she noticed that her friend wanted to conduct survey that she wanted to conduct survey by measuring horizontal distance between two points but there was a pond between the identified points and her friend didn't know how to do any more.
    1.                Name the method of land survey appropriate to her survey.
    2.                Name the method that Luciana would advise her friend to use so as to avoid the pond.
    3.                Draw a diagram showing the method named in 5 (b) above.
    4.                Outline five tools that might be used in the method named in 5(a) above.
  2.                Ngorongoro conservation Authority (NCA) is globally recognized as environmental friendly by allowing socio-interaction of the human being and wildlife within the crater. The Rhino species was nowdays disappearing due to their demand in Asian markets. Nakumbuka as a member of Malihai club from Kibo secondary school was interested to conduct a research on it.
    1.                What will be the research title? o
    2.                Describe the methods used to get information.
    3.                List down two (2) advantages of each method used.
    4.                State three (3) uses of research outputs
  3.                Study the photograph provided below and then answer the questions that follow

  1.                With reason, identify the type of photograph
  2.                What is the name of the plant shown on the photograph?
  3.                With reason, suggest the climate does the plant named in 7(b) above belong?
  4.                Outline four adoptive mechanisms of the named plant in 7(b) above to its environment.

SECTION C: 30 MARKS

  1.                "The ideally census must cover the whole country and all people residing in the country must be counted." Suppose you have given a task to educate your society about census, why would you tell people that, it is very important for Tanzania government to conduct census? (Explain five (5) points•
  2.                Recently the world is facing a very dangerous pandemic disease (COVID 19) which affects people and their economy. Explain six (6) effects of the pandemic to the tourism sector in Tanzania.
  3.            Human activities enable the livelihood but on other hand they destroy the environment. Justify this statement with six (6) points on the environmental problem resulted by human activities that normally do.

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 79

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA PRESIDENT’S OFFICE 

REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY  MID TERM EXAMINATION-2021

­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­TIME : 3HRS

SECTION A (25 Marks)

1. For each of the following items (i) - (x) choose the correct answer and write its letter beside the number

  1. Downward or upward movement of the earth’s crust are always given the name as …..
  1. Internal earths movement ( )
  2. External earths movements
  3. Radial movements
  4. Lateral movements
  1. ………………………. is a bowl shaped depression at the mouth of a volcano or geyser
  1. Hot springs
  2. Lava ( )
  3. Crater
  4. Caldera
  1. Endogenic geomorphic processes includes one among the following.
  1. Faulting, earthquake, weathering, folding and mass wasting.
  2. Folding, mass wasting, river action and faulting
  3. Joints, volcanism, mass wasting and folding. ( )
  4. Folding, earthquake, faulting and volcanism
  1. Farmers at Mkombozi village invited Farm officer to give them knowledge on the kind of good soil for growing maize plant. One of the knowledge he provided was about rocks permeability. Assume you are the one invited, what would you tell the farmer about permeability of rock?
  1. The ability of the rock to hold water.
  2. The ability of the rock to allow water to pass through.( )
  3. The rate at which water enter the rock.
  4. The ability of the rock to allow water to enter it.
  1. The core comprises mainly of …………………………
  1. Silica and magnesium
  2. Silica and aluminum ( )
  3. Nickel and iron
  4. Iron and magnesium
  1. In de jue census, among the following can be done
  1. People who stay in the house hold for the night are counted
  2. Is only done after five years
  3. Only permanent members of the house hold are counted ( )
  4. I only done after every ten years
  1. ………………………………. Is a chart used for dating the history of the earth including its rocks?
  1. Carbon 14
  2. Periodic table ( )
  3. Geological time scale
  4. Measurement chart
  1. The earth’s sphere where life takes place is called …………………………
  1. Hydrosphere ( )
  2. Atmosphere
  3. Biosphere
  4. Barrysphere
  1. A geography teacher was teaching her student that, the earth is inclined in its orbit at which the intensity of sun rays reach different part of the earth varies and cause the earth to experience seasonal weather changes.By relating with the revolution of the earth, what result might occur on the earth?
  1. Day and night ( )
  2. Deflection of wind and ocean currents.
  3. Season of the year.
  4. High tides and low tides
  1. John was conducting a research on his first undergraduate degree. Through his research he found that, when someone cross the International Date Line eastward one among the following occur.
  1. The day become longer than night
  2. One day is turned back
  3. Greenwich mean time is recorded
  4. Time is gained by 4 minutes at every 15 hours ( )


  1. Match the following items LIST A and that of LIST B

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Batholiths
  2. Dykes
  3. Lacolith
  4. Lopoliths
  5. Phacolith
  1. up and down movement of the surface of water
  2. they form dome shaped structures
  3. are rising and falling in the level of water in the oceans
  4. large saucer – shaped structures
  5. movement of the surface water in the ocean
  6. extensive areas of the ocean floor
  7. a raised part of the ocean floor
  8. is a gentle sloping margin of a continent
  9. is a large body of water
  10. formed at the crest or anticline or in the trough of syncline
  11. when subjected to erosion, may form escarpments
  12. it formed when viscious magma reach the surface through a vent
  13. are wall like shaped structures
  14. it is made of granite


 

SECTION B (55 marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Study the map extract of Mpwapwa (sheet 163/4) and answer the following questions.

  1. At which part of the equator is Mpwapwa located (give one reason)
  2. Determine the size of the area covered by the forest found between Eastings 150 and 220 and South ofNorthings 900
  3. What type of vegetation is dominating in the area.
  4. Suggest four methods used to represent relief features in the mapped area
  5. Give the bearing of Veternary Research Institute grid reference (224995) to Mpwapwa Teachers Training college grid reference (203978)
  6. With evidence from the map suggest four social services found aroundgrid reference 218983
  1. Carefully study the data given on the table below and then answer the questions that follow:

Class

Frequency

20 - 24

25 - 29

30 - 34

35 - 39

40 - 44

45 - 49

50 - 54

55 - 59

60 - 64

3

7

8

12

9

6

4

1

0

(a) Find the:-

  1. Mean
  2. Mode
  1. Briefly explain four types of line graph
  1. (a) The ministry of educationof united republic of Tanzania under National Examination Council past five years, was in research about why there was mass failure of pupils in primary schools. This made the government take sample of schools to make their research. As a student who studied a research topic, give only five reasonwhy the ministry decided to use sample of schools to complete its research?

(b) Briefly explain the following

  1. Primary data.
  2. Secondary data.
  1. (a) Name three kind of obstacles that hinders taking direct measurement during surveying.

(b)Explain five main sources of mistakes during chain survey.

  1. Study the following photograph and answer the questions that follow.

C:UsersNYABULOGOYADesktopsugarcane.jpg

  1. Name the crop shown on the photograph. (2mark)
  2. What is the activity taking place on the photograph.(2mark)
  3. With one evidence, suggest the scale of production of the crop shown. (3marks)
  4. List down four conditions necessary for the growth of the crop shown on the photograph. (4 marks)
  5. Outline four factors that might affect the quality of the photograph given. (4marks)

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two questions in this section

  1. ‘’The ideally census must cover the whole country and all people residing in the country must be counted’’. Suppose you are given a task to educate your society about census. Why would you tell people that, it is very important for Tanzanian government to conduct census?(Explain five reasons).
  1. Plantation is the most form of agriculture practiced in tropical region of Africa, Asia and South America. Justify six characteristics of plantations practiced in these areas.
  1. Discuss six efforts that Tanzania must adopt to make tourism industry very potential for our national development.



LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 70

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR- AUG/SEPT -2021

Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and two questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 15 marks, section B 55 marks and section C 30 MARKS
  4.              Map extract sheet for Kigoma sheet 92/3 is provided.
  5.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  6.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

(i)The intensity of an earthquake is measured by an instrument called:

A. epicentre

B.chronometer

C. seismography

D. Richter scale 

E. hygrometer


(ii)Tides are highest:

A.during the eclipse

B.during the aphelion

C.during the equinox

D.during the day and night throughout the year

E.at the poles

(iii)Which one among the following features occurs in a glaciated lowland region?

  1. Esker
  2. Cirque
  3. Pyramidal peak
  4. Hanging valley
  5. Arete

(iv)Plants with long roots, thorny stems, needle shaped leaves, wax or hair are found in:

  1. the Mediterranean region
  2. hot deserts
  3. tropical grasslands
  4. the equatorial region
  5. the monsoon region

(v) The magnitude of an earthquake refers to:

  1. effects produced by the earthquake
  2. large amplitude waves known as L-waves
  3. point at which earthquake originates
  4. total amount of energy released
  5. point on the earth surface above the focus


(vi) When two forces act away from each laterally, they are called

  1. lateral forces 
  2. orogenic forces 
  3. vertical forces
  4. compressional forces 
  5. tensional forces.

(vii) The earth’s shape is a flattened sphere which is called

  1. ekman spiral
  2. geoid
  3. globe
  4. galtax 
  5. spherical.

(viii)Which of the following types of lakes does not occur from depositional factor?

  1. Playa
  2. Tarn
  3. Ox-bow 
  4. Delta
  5. Lagoon

(ix)The name given to a boundary that demarcates solid materials from the molten mantle is:

  1. asthenosphere
  2. Gutenberg
  3. mohorovic
  4. mesosphere
  5. core


(x)The crust is sometimes referred to as:

  1. lithosphere
  2. hydrosphere
  3. troposphere
  4. mesosphere
  5. tropopause

2, Match the responses in LIST B with the phrases inLIST Aby writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

(i)Are lines of glacial deposits along the sides of valleys

(ii)A tidal formed as a result of an earthquake or volcanic eruption

(iii)Small particles of condensed water at the lower part of the atmosphere

(iv)Winds blowing from horse latitudes to the Equatorial belts

(v)A well developed surface of a limes one region

  1. Karst landscape
  2. Clouds
  3. Lateral moraine
  4. Humidity
  5. Tsunami
  6. Medial moraines
  7. Trade winds
  8. S - wave
  9. Polar winds
  10. Stalactite

SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Study the map extract of Kigoma sheet 92/3 and answer the following questions.

(a) Outline the importance of scale in a map.

(b) Measure the distance of the railway line.

(c) Calculate the area of Lake Tanganyika.

(d) What factors have influenced the location of Kigoma town?

(e) Explain the main socio-economic activities carried out in the area.

3. The data below show the enrolment of Form Five students at Kilimo Secondary School from 1980 - 1985.


Year

    1980

    1981

   1982

   1983

   1984

   1985

No. of Students

100

150

175

200

225

300

(a)Present the data by divergent bar graph.

(b)What are the advantages and disadvantages of this method? 

(c) Name three alternative ways of presenting the data.


5. Giving examples, explain how you can conduct a field research.

6.(a) Define the term rock

(b) Give economic importance of rock


7. Study carefully the photograph provided and answer the following questions:

(a) Explain the traditional methods used for clearing the vegetation as seen in the photograph.

(b) State the type of vegetation found in the area.

(c) What are the impacts over the environment of this activity at the local and national level?

(d) Determine the weather condition at the time the photograph was taken.

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Describe six contributions of cash crops production ot the economy of United States of America.

9. “Agriculture achievements in China have been brought about by good Government policy only.” Discuss.

10. Explain the factors that influence the exploitation of mineral resources.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 60

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-2021

 

Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and two questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 15 marks, section B 55 marks and section C 30 MARKS
  4.              Map extract sheet for Kigoma (Series Y742 sheet 92/3), is provided.
  5.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  6.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) Which one of the following, by origin and composition is not a form of igneous rocks?

  1.  Sill
  2.  Gypsum
  3.  Lava plain
  4.  Volcano

(ii) One of the following features is a product of weathering:

  1. Earth pillar
  2.  Gully
  3.  Lilly
  4.  Hot springs
  5.  Soil creep.

(iii) One of the following features is a product of weathering:

  1. Earth pillar
  2.  Gully
  3.  Lilly
  4.  Hot springs
  5.  Soil creep.

(iv) The following are instruments used in chain and tape survey:

  1.  Barometer, pegs, notebook, compass
  2. Tape measure, chain, cross staff, anemometer
  3.  Chain, arrows, ranging poles, altimeter 
  4.  Arrows, ranging poles, pegs, chain
  5. Cross staff, notebook, chain and plane table.

 (v) When the river flows in its long profile it performs the following geological activities:

  1.  Moves fast and can carry everything on the earth’s surface
  2. Erodes, transports and deposits weathered materials
  3.  Meanders and forms ox-bow lakes throughout the profile
  4.  Does three functions such as abrasion, solution and attrition 
  5.  Acts as agent of weathering and erosion along the profile. 

(vi) If the location of a point on a map is given by grid reference 365490, then

  1.  365 are Degrees 
  2.  365 are Longitudes
  3. 490 are Northings 
  4.  490 are Eastings
  5.  365 are Northings

(vii) Which of the following is the effect of mass wasting?

  1.   Frost action
  2.  Interlocking spur
  3.   Rock fall
  4.   Exfoliation
  5.  Rock disintegration.

(viii) The columns of clay capped by boulders formed due to rain action are known as:

  1.   soil creep 
  2.  gullies 
  3.  land slide
  4.  earth pillars 
  5.  cuesta

(ix) A time accepted throughout a time zone of 15° longitude is known as

  1.  local time
  2.  noon time
  3.  greenwich mean time
  4.  sun time
  5.  standard time.

(x) Which sequence of the following processes is necessary for the formation of rainfall?

  1.  Condensation, cooling and evaporation
  2.  Evaporation, cooling and condensation
  3.  Evaporation, sedimentation and cooling
  4.  Evaporation, condensation and cooling
  5.  Evaporation, cooling and sedimentation.

2.  Match the descriptions of karst region features in Column A with the corresponding feature in Column B by writing the letter of the correct answer beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

Column A

Column B

  1. The irregular gullies found on the limestone surface which separate limestone region.
  2. The vertical holes in the limestone ground through which rain water or river may disappear into the ground beneath.
  3. The round hollow on the surface of a limestone region. 
  4. The wide depression with a fairly flat floor in a limestone surface.
  5. The largest surface depression found in limestone region formed due to action of solution.

 

  1.             Doline
  2.             Clint 
  3.             Swallow hole
  4.             Polje
  5.              Uvala
  6.               Grike 
  7.             Gorge

 

 

SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Study the printed map extract of Kigoma (Series Y742 sheet 92/3), then answer the following questions:

(a) By using the vertical scale of 1cm to 20m, draw a cross section from grid reference 91057 to grid reference 932620 and determine its Vertical Exaggeration (V.E).

(b) With vivid evidence from the map, mention the major types of transport shown in the area.

(c) Apart from fishing activities, use concrete evidence to name other economic activities taking place in the area.

(d) In which hemisphere is the mapped area located? Give evidence for your answer.


4. (a) Using examples from East Africa, describe each of the following types of volcanoes:

(i) Active Volcano

(ii) Dormant Volcano

(b) Using a well labelled diagram, explain how each of the following features were formed:

(i) Composite Volcano 

(ii) Volcanic plug.

(c) Explain four negative effects of vulcanization

 

5. Carefully study the hypothetical data presented below showing the export of crops from Tanzania.

The Export of Crops in Tonnes

Year

Cloves

Sisal

Cotton

1990

4000

3500

7000

1991

2500

2000

4500

1992

3500

1500

6000

1993

6000

1000

8500

1994

6500

1500

9000

(a)  Present the data using compound bar graph.

(b)  Explain two advantages and disadvantages of compound bar graph.

5. (a) What is a research problem?

(b) Name four sources of research problem.

(c) Explain four characteristics of research problem.

3. (a) The diagram below represents some volcanic features. Use it to answer the questions below.

Name the features marked P, Q, R and S.

P— Sill (1 mark) Q — Vent

R — Batholith

S— Lopolith

(b)  Identify the main characteristics of the ocean water.

(c) Give three factors that influence wave deposition.

 SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.


8. Analyse eight problems associated with growth of urban settlement.

9. Describe six contributions of cash crops production of the economy of United States of America.
10. Explain eight characteristics of shifting cultivation.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 51

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

FORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION

Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and two questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries 15 marks, section B 55 marks and section C 30 MARKS
  4. Map extract sheet for Sikonge(sheet 137/2) is provided.
  5. Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  6. Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer All questions in this section.

  1. The layer of the earth that forms the ocean floor is
  1. Mantle
  2. Sial
  3. Sima
  4. Core
  5. Crust
  1. Which of the following is not a cause of desertification in Tanzania?
  1. Deforestation
  2. Urban growth
  3. Shift cultivation
  4. Over fishing
  5. Bush fire
  1. The following factors makes Switzerland Attractive to tourists except
  1. Wildlife
  2. Good infrastructure
  3. Best hospitality
  4. Political stability
  5. Package tours
  1. Which of the following occurs when the moon shadow cast over the earth?
  1. Solar eclipse
  2. Lunar eclipse
  3. Equinoxes
  4. Summer solstice
  5. Aphelion.
  1. The upper section of the river is also called
  1. Young stage
  2. gradient stage
  3. old stage
  4. nature stage
  5. deposition stage
  1. It refers to the seasonal variation of water volume in river valley
  1. river capture
  2. river rejuvenation
  3. River regime
  4. river erosion
  5. river capture
  1. Sand dunes and ripples shares similar features in this way
  1. Have crastinal characteristics
  2. are formed from ground moraine
  3. Originated from river activities
  4. are formed by depositional activities
  5. are formed in deserts
  1. Rift valley lakes are normally deep and narrow, a good example is
  1. Lake Baringo and Nakuru in Kenya
  2. Lake Victoria in Tanzania
  3. Lake Volta in Ghana
  4. Qattara Depressions in Egypt
  5. Lake chad
  1. A basin which consists of layers of permeable rock lying between two layers of impermeable rock is called.
  1. Well
  2. Spring
  3. artesian basin
  4. artesian well
  5. rill
  1. Which of the following is involved in deforming the structure of the earth?
  1. gravitation force
  2. denudation
  3. deforestation
  4. overgrazing
  5. earth quake.

2. Match the description of the types of agriculture in LIST A with the correct type of Agriculture in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct answer beside the item number in answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Crop cultivation practiced in a small plot
  2. System of agriculture in which land is cultivated and left for years to improve its fertility
  3. Farmers move to a new land when yield is low
  4. Activity of growing crops and rearing livestock
  5. System of agriculture in which farms are owned by government, cooperatives and private companies.
  1. Agriculture
  2. Large scale agriculture
  3. Subsistence agriculture
  4. Sedentary agriculture
  5. Shifting cultivation
  6. Monoculture
  7. Bush fallowing
  8. Dairy farming

3. Carefully study the map extract of sikonge provided then answers the questions that follow

  1. Calculate the total distance covered in kilometers if the car was travelling from Sikonge town (732787) to Lyombakuzoa church (755765) and turned back to Sikonge town.
  2. With evidence from the map, describe the nature of relief in mapped area
  3. Calculate the gradient from grid reference 835846 to 782786
  4. Find the highest point on the given map and give its grid references and direction
  5. State the general direction of the slope of the land in the mapped area.

4. Read carefully the hypothetical data representing each crop production in Tanzania in “000” tones, and then answer the questions after it.

YEARS

COFFEE

COTTON

TEA

1980

200

150

250

1981

150

200

150

1982

130

100

100

a) Mention 5 methods which the given data may be presented.

b) Present the data above through comparative line graph.

c) Why there is a decrease of Tea production year after year (3-reasons).

5. a) What is meant by Research

b) Briefly explain the importance of research to students. (4 points)

c) Differentiate between Primary data and secondary data.

6. a) Define these terms as applied to surveying technique.

  1. Levelling
  2. Chaining
  3. Forward Bearing
  4. Booking

b) What are shortcomings of using a “chain” as a measuring instrument where surveying a place (5 points)

8. Study this photograph and then answer the next questions.

Questions

i) What type of photograph is this?

ii) Suggest the natural feature seen at large

iii) Suggest the limitation of the types of transport displayed on photograph-(2 limitation)

iv) Write two significances of the area

v) Suggest two places where the photo might have been taken

SECTION C (30 MARKS)

8. Tanzania is endowed with large virgin lands for farming but yet there is a problem of food shortage, suggest 6 causes for food shortage in Tanzania.

9. Analyze 6 benefits of livestock keeping in East African countries

10. Migration is caused by push and pull factors. Using six points, Justify this statement.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 47


THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

PRE-NATIONAL  EXAMINATION SERIES-1

GEOGRAPHY  FORM-4

2020

TIME: 3:00 HRS

Instructions

  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.
  3.  Map extract of Mkomazi (Sheet 109/1) is provided.
  4.  Programmable calculators, cellular phones and unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Which of the following layers of the earths interior is made up of sima and sial?

  1.  Biosphere 
  2. Hydrosphere 
  3. Asthenosphere 
  4. Lithosphere 
  5. Barysphere

(ii) Senegal National team scored a goal at 2:00 pm in Senegal (1500 W). At what time at Burundi (300 E) the goal was scored?

  1.  2:00 am           
  2. 10:00 am     
  3. 4:00 am
  4. 10:00 pm     
  5. 12:00 am

(iii)  Which of the following is the process of wearing down the rock surface by wind where the load becomes cutting tools?

  1. Deflation
  2. Attrition
  3. Abrasion
  4. Corrasion
  5. Hydration.

 

 (iv) The renewed power of erosion of a river is called.

  1.  river capture 
  2. river erosion 
  3. river rejuvenation
  4. river meanders 
  5. river basin.

 (v)Prediction of the state of atmosphere in a region for 24 to 48 hours is known as

  1. weather elements
  2. weather report
  3. weather instrument
  4. weather station
  5. weather forecasting

(vi) Deposition of soil materials removed from one horizon to another is called

  1. Convex sided 
  2. Concave sided
  3. Gentle sided resistance 
  4. Steep sided resistant
  5. Steep sided non resistance.

 (vii) The excessive strong wind blowing across an extensive ocean surface is called

  1.  Tsunami 
  2.  Ocean currents 
  3.  Storm s urge 
  4.  Hurricane 
  5.  Wind.

 (viii) Rainfall that occurs when the air moves towards a hill or a mountain is called

  1.  cyclonic 
  2.  orographic 
  3.  convectional 
  4.  showers
  5.  typhoon.

(ix) An active state of decomposition caused by soil microorganism is called

  1.  organic matter 
  2.  soil water 
  3.  mineral matter
  4.  soil air 
  5.  soil components.

(x) The name given to earthquake waves that travel within a crust is

  1.  focus 
  2.  epicentre 
  3.  seismic
  4.  surface waves 
  5.  body waves.

2. Match the items in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) A mass of magma which has emerged on the earth’s surface.

(ii) A wall like feature formed when magma cuts across a bedding plane.

(iii) A sheet of magma which lies along a bedding plane.

(iv) A very large mass of magma which often forms the root of a mountain.

(v) A dome-shaped feature formed when magma push up the overlaying layers.

  1. Laccoliths 
  2. caldera 
  3. sills
  4. volcano 
  5. lava 
  6. crater 
  7. dyke 
  8. cone let
  9. batholiths
  10. Lava cones

 

SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Study the map extract of Mkomazi (Sheet 109/1) and then answer the following questions:

  1.  By using the given RF scale, measure the distance of river Pangani in kilometres from grid reference 910771 to 910826.

b. Describe relief of the area.

c. With reasons, identify two types of rocks found in the map.

d. Name the major way used to show the height of the land in the mapped area.

e.Using a vertical scale of lcm to represent 50m, draw an annotated cross section from grid reference 960820 to 910880 and mark Ruvu river basin and the main trucks.

4. (a) Explain the meaning of the standard deviation.

 

(b) Study the following data showing the age of the Primary School pupils at Tumaini Primary School and answer the questions that follow: 15, 8, 7, 6, 12, 5, 14 and 13.

(i) Determine the range and median of the age of the pupils.

(ii) Calculate the standard deviation.

 

 5. Form three students at Nguvumali secondary school would like to conduct a simple chain survey around their school compound and measure the height of the big gully near the headmaster’s office. Describe the significance of survey in Tanzania

 

6. (a) What is meant by sampling techniques as used in research?

 (b)  Briefly explain the following concepts as they are applied in sampling:

(i) A sample

(ii) Random sampling

(iii) Systematic sampling

(iv) Stratified sampling

 

(c) Outline the procedures of conducting an interview.

 

7. Study the photograph given below and then answer the questions that follow:

image

(a) With two reasons, identify the type of the photograph.

(b) Identify the type of the settlement pattern seen on the photograph.

(c) Name two economic importances of the area shown on the photograph.

(d) Explain two social and environmental problems that are likely to occur in the area.

 

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Describe seven problems associated with rapid urbanization.

9. Describe five measures to control floods to the environment.

10. Analyse six potentials of the Rufiji river basin.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 31

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

GEOGRAPHY- POST-MOCK- EXAMINATION-JUNE

FORM FOUR

Time 3:00 Hours                                                                              JUNE 2020 

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B,  and C.


  1. Answer all questions in sections A, and B  two questions from section  C. 
  2. Map extract of Ilonga (Sheet 265/2) is provided.
  3. Credit will be given for the use of relevant diagrams.
  4. Calculators and Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)

SECTION A

(i) Which of the following layers of the earths interior is made up of sima and sial?

  1.  Biosphere 
  2. Hydrosphere 
  3. Asthenosphere 
  4. Lithosphere 
  5. Barysphere

(ii) Senegal National team scored a goal at 2:00 pm in Senegal (1500 W). At what time at Burundi (300 E) the goal was scored?

  1.  2:00 am           
  2. 10:00 am     
  3. 4:00 am
  4. 10:00 pm     
  5. 12:00 am

(iii) One of the factors for soil formation is

  1. organic matters
  2. mineral matters.
  3. time.
  4. water.
  5. air.

(iv)   Which among the following is a heavenly body that possesses and transmits its own light? 

  1. Moon
  2. Sun
  3. Earth
  4. Astreroid
  5. Planet.

(v) Which among the following features are produced by wave erosion?

  1. A Geo, wave cut platform and stack
  2. Blow hole, sea arch and levee
  3. Sea arch, beach and stump
  4. Beach, spit and bars.
  5. Tombolo, meander and cliff.

(vi) Prediction of the state of atmosphere in a region for 24 to 48 hours is known as

  1. weather elements
  2. weather report
  3. weather instrument
  4. weather station
  5. weather forecasting

(vii)     Which of the following instrument is used to measure maximum and minimum temperature?

  1. Barometer
  2. Thermometer
  3. Anemometer
  4. Sixs thermometer
  5. Hydrometer.

(viii) The process of changing granite to gneiss rock is known as

  1. sedimentation
  2. vulcanism
  3. denudation
  4. metamophism
  5. exfoliation.

(ix) Zeugens and yadangs differ in 

  1.  position of the rock strata
  2.  position of the rock in the slope
  3.  place of formation
  4.  colour of the rock on which they are formed
  5.  the type of the rock on which they are formed.

(x) Which of the following features produced by ice action is the result of both erosional and depositional activities?

  1.  Arête. 
  2.  Hanging Valley. 
  3.  Erratic.
  4.  Cirque. 
  5.  Roche Mountonee.

2.  Match the descriptions of karst region features in Column A with the corresponding feature in Column B by writing the letter of the correct answer beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. The irregular gullies found on the limestone surface which separate limestone region.
  2. The vertical holes in the limestone ground through which rain water or river may disappear into the ground beneath.
  3. The round hollow on the surface of a limestone region. 
  4. The wide depression with a fairly flat floor in a limestone surface.
  5. The largest surface depression found in limestone region formed due to action of solution.
  1. Doline
  2. Clint 
  3. Swallow hole
  4. Polje
  5. Uvala
  6. Grike 
  7. Gorge

 

 SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Study the map extract of Ilonga (Sheet 265/2) and answer the following questions:

a. By using square method, determine the area North western of Luhombero river from grid reference 570963 to 644034.

b. With evidence from the map, name six symbols which have been used to inteprete a given map.

c. Give the direction of Iputi to Ilonga.

d. Describe the settlement pattern of the mapped area.

e. Giving evidences, mention five possible economic activities which might take place in the mapped area.

4. (a) Give three differences between interview and observation.

(b) Outline four merits of library research.

5. Explain five importance of survey in daily life.

6. (a) Define compound bar graph.

(b) Study carefully the table below on hypothetical data about cash crops production (in ‘000 tonnes) in East Africa in the year 2000, then answer the questions that follow. Find this 

Country

Crops

Coffee

Tea

Cotton

Kenya

2200

2000

1800

Uganda

1700

700

800

Tanzania

1300

1900

2300

(i)  Draw compound bar graphs to represent the data provided.

(ii)    Outline four merits of using compound bar graph.

7. (a) Describe discordant drainage system.
(b) Explain the process of river transport and describe four ways in which a river transports its load.

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Describe seven problems associated with rapid urbanization.

9. Analyse six potentials of the Rufiji river basin.

10.Elaborate seven ways of managing industrial pollutants to the environment.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 22

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

GEOGRAPHY- TERMINAL- EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM FOUR

Time 3:00 Hours                                                                                       MAY 2020 

Instructions

  1.     This paper consists of sections A, B,  and C.
  1.     Answer all questions in sections A, and B  two questions from section  C. 
  2.     Map extract of Arusha (Sheet 55/3) is provided.
  1.     Credit will be given for the use of relevant diagrams.
  1.     Calculators and Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
  1.     Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)

SECTION A. 15 MARKS

 1. For each of the items (i) (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)   Which of the following instrument is used to measure maximum and minimum temperature?

  1. Barometer
  2. Thermometer
  3. Anemometer
  4. Six's thermometer
  5. Hydrometer.

(ii) Which among the following is an extrusive volcanic feature?

  1. Crater 
  2. Laccolith
  3.  Batholith
  4.  Sills
  5. Dykes.

  (iii) Prediction of the state of atmosphere in a region for 24 to 48 hours is  known as 

  1. weather elements
  2. weather report
  3. weather instrument
  4. weather station
  5. weather forecasting

(iv) Which of the following is another name for Savanna climate in Africa

  1. Tropical maritime.
  2.  Warm temperature maritime.
  3. Tropical grassland.
  4.  Warm temperature desert.
  5. Cool temperate western margin.

(v) Day reaches its maximum length on 21st June in

  1. Southern hemisphere
  2. Northern Hemisphere  
  3. Arctic Circle
  4. Polar region
  5. Tropic of Capricorn.

(vi) The excessive strong wind blowing across an extensive ocean surface is called

  1. Tsunami
  2. Ocean
  3. Storm surge
  4. Hurricane
  5. Wind

(vii)     Which of the following is not a factor influencing temperature of a place?

  1. Aspect
  2. Ocean current
  3. Altitude
  4. Eclipse
  5. Length of a day

  (viii)  Which one of the following conditions is important for the growth of coral  reefs?

  1. Warm and muddy river water
  2. Warm and muddy sea water
  3. Warm and clear sea water
  4. Warm and clear tape water
  5. Warm and clear river water.

(ix)   A cirque is

  1. an arm-chair shaped depression on a glaciated lowland area
  2. an arm-chair shaped depression on the sides of a glaciated mountain
  3. an arm-chair shaped depression in the desert areas
  4. an arm-chair shaped valley in glaciated areas
  5. an arm-chair shaped depression on the plateau.

(x)   A channel diverging from the main river and flowing into the sea or a lake by a separate mouth  is called

  1. tributary
  2. stream
  3. distributary
  4. river basin
  5. water shade

2. Match the items in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Water that flows out of ground
  2. Water that seep out of rocks and into the rock holes
  3. Water that enters the rock of earth’s surface
  4. Interaction of water vapour, precipitation, infiltration, run off, evaporation and condensation.
  5. Water that is saturated in permeable rocks
  1. Stalagmite
  2. Doline
  3. Water cycle
  4. Artesian basin
  5. Aquifer
  6. Uvula
  7. Spring
  8. Ground water
  9. Juvenile water
  10. Bore holes
  11. Well.

SECTION B. 55 MARKS

3.   Carefully study the following statistical graph showing coffee production (in tonnes) in Tanzania, from 2011 to 2014 and answer the questions that follows

(a)    Describe the type of statistical graph used.

(b)    Analyse the five procedures involved in constructing such a statistical graph.

(c)    Giving two points, comment on the differences in coffee production shown in the graph.

(d)    Give three advantages of presenting data by using the type of graph described in 3(a).

4.  (a) Describe the following research terms:

  1.  Population.
  2. Random sampling.
  3. Literature review.

(b) (i) Define secondary data.

(ii) Give four merits of secondary data.

5.  Carefully study the map extract of Arusha (Sheet 55/3) provided then answers the questions that follow.

(a) Describe the relief of the mapped area.

(b) Giving evidences, mention the major means of transport shown in a map.

(c) Change the scale of the map into a statement scale.

(d) Measure the length of the road from grid reference 378314 to grid reference 480276 in kilometres.

(e) With evidence from the map, identify three social services which are found in this area.

6. Study the photograph provided below and then answer the questions that follows:

(aName the type of photograph.

(b) Give three characteristics of the type of photograph in (a) above.

(c) Explain four possible factors which may cause the loss of biodiversity in the photograph.

(d) Give two economic importance of the area.

(e) In three points, describe the importance of the vegetation shown in the area.

 7. (a) Explain the meaning of the standard deviation.

    (b)    Study the following data showing the age of the Primary School   pupils at Tumaini Primary School and answer the questions that follow: 15, 8, 7, 6, 12, 5, 14 and 13.

(i) Determine the range and median of the age of the pupils.

(ii) Calculate the standard deviation.

SECTION C. 30 MARKS.

Answer two questions from this section.

8. Describe five uses of population data to a country.

9. Explain six problems associated with expansion of cities in Tanzania.

10. Describe seven problems associated with rapid urbanization.

11.  Examine seven effects of climatic change in the world.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 16

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