FORM FOUR CIVICS EXAMS SERIES

 

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

 

                                                     CIVICS   FORM FOUR

TIME: 3 HOURS                                                                      NOVEMBER 2022

 

INSTRUCTIONS:

 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B & C.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and only three questions in section C.
  3. Section A carry 15 marks, section B carry 40 marks and section C carry 45 marks
  4. Cellular phones are not allowed in the Examination Room
  5. Write your Examination number on every page of your answer booklet(s).


SECTION A: (15 MARKS)

1.  For each of the following items (i) - (x), choose the most correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the answer booklet provided

(i) The current East African Community has seven member states with... being the latest country to join the community

A.    Tanzania      

B.     Uganda        

C.     Southern Sudan

D.    Rwanda

E.     Congo D.R.C

(ii) A family having one parent and child or children may be caused by

A.    Age and beauty      D. Parents and friends

B.     Family wealth and power E. Poverty' and education

C.     Death and divorce

(iii) No culture that belongs to an individual, it rather belongs to a single community. What can you comment as far as characteristics of culture are concerned basing on the above statement?

A.    Culture is shared D. Culture is complex B. Culture is dynamic E. Culture is adaptiveimage

C. Culture is learned

(iv) The city council as a form of logical government in Tanzania is said to be

A.    The lowest  D. The longest

B.     The highest E. The shortest

C.     The smallest

(v)Mr. Katundu's daughter is arrogant, thief, uses abusive language, fights with neighbours. This situation is

A.    Proper behaviour   D. Improper behaviour

B.     Good behaviour     E. Harmful behaviour

C.     Untolerable behaviour

(vi)  The former Tanzania president, the late Benjamin William Mkapa released prisoners who had been jailed having various minor criminal cases. This act is termed as

A.    President excuse    D. Criminal excuse

B.     Prerogative mercy E. Public excuse

C.     Presidential mercy

(vii)Mr. Mwijarubi was born in Ukerewe district in Mwanza region and both his parents are natives of Tanzania. Therefore, Mwijarubi is a citizen of Tanzania by

A.    Naturalization          D. Birth

B.     Descent        E. Dual citizenship

C.     Registration

(viii)     The different between the national assembly and parliament is that

A.    The national assembly discuses a bill and the parliament makes law

B.     The national assembly makes law and the parliament approves law

C.     The parliament makes law and the national assembly implements law

D.    The national assembly interprets law and the parliament enforces law

 

E.     The parliament discusses a bill and the national assembly makes law

(ix)  What is political significance of the public holiday falling on April, 26th of each year?

A.    It marks the union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar

B.     It marks the commemoration of the first vice - president of the United Republic of Tanzania

C.     It marks the over throw of the Zanzibar sultanate

D.    It marks the day when Tanganyika attained her sovereignty 

E. It marks the re -introduction of multipartism in Tanzania

(x)The form of marriage whereby a woman is married to two or more husbands is commonly known as

A.    Polygamy      D. Cohabitation

B.     Polyandry    E. Monogamy

C.     Bigamy

2.  Match the items in LIST A with the correct responses in LIST B by writing the letter of the corresponding response in the answer booklet Provided

SECTION B: (40 MARKS)

3.     In five points, briefly explain the functions of the central government in Tanzania

4.     "Working is an obligation" by using five points show the importance of work.

5.     Give any five impacts of poverty in a society of Tanzania today.

6.     "COVID 19" popularly known as CORONA has greatly affected the human race in the world. Outline and explain any five impacts of the disease as it was, and still being experienced in many countries in the world.

7.     (a) What is peer pressure?

(b) Juma has been deeply affected with peer pressure. As a friend of Juma and a good scholar of civics outline four ways which can be used by Juma to overcome the pressure

8.     Globalization is not a new phenomenon to Tanzanians nowadays. List down and explain any five effects of globalization to Tanzanian society.

9.     Briefly explain why it is significant to learn self — confidence (Give five points)

10.When you destroy the environment, you destroy your life. Use five points to justify this statement.

 

SECTION C: (45 MARKS)

11.  Identify any six cultural practices and explain how they affect women in our society.

12. Through insurance securities in Tanzania are vital tools in the alleviation of poverty and boost up development; but yet its presence has not much felt when it comes to individuals' progress. Critically examine six weaknesses of insurance services.

13.  As an expert in Civics, use six points to educate people at your local place on how road accidents can be avoided

14.  The people of Kabuku and Kwedikwazo villages in Handeni district in Tanga region were heard arguing that "no democracy in Tanzania" use six points basing on the principles of democracy to convince these people that democracy is practised in Tanzania.

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 136

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

 

032/1                                                HISTORY   FORM FOUR

TIME: 3 HOURS                                                                                 NOVEMBER 2022

 

INSTRUCTIONS

 

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of nine (09) questions
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and three (03) questions from section C.
  3. All drawings should be in pencil
  4. Write your examination number on every page of your answer sheet provided.

 

SECTION A: (20 MARKS)

1. For each of the items (i - xv), choose the correct answer from among the given alternative and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided

  1.               He has to live among the people so as to learn and understand their culture, beliefs and ideologies, who is this?

A.   Historian

B.    Anthropologists

C.    Archaeologist

D.   Archivist

E.    Australopithecus

  1.             Man started to be skilful and tool maker at the stage of

A.   Homo Sapiens

B.    Homo Eructus 

C. Homo Habilis 

D. Zinjanthropus

 E. Modern Apes

  1.           Who among the following was the leader who led the Portuguese conquest of East African coast

A.   King Emanuel

B.   Ahmed Ibin Majid

C.   Henry the Navigator

D.   Vasco - Da - Gama 

E. Bartholomew Diaz

  1.           A pre — colonial system of governance whereby a leader shared responsibilities and administrative powers with subordinates was known as

A.   Indirect rule

B.   Power sharing

C.   Association policy

D.   Ubusoka system

E.    Assimilation policy

  1.             The system of destroying pre — capitalist economic production was done through

A.   De - industrialization policy

B.    Apartheid policy

C.    Neo - colonialism

D.   Colonialism

E.    Collaboration

  1.           Despite Italians late joined in the process of scramble for Africa, they gained a strong hold in

A.     Somali land

B.     Eritrea

C.     Tunisia

D.     Libya

E.     Ethiopia

  1.         He helped the British colonialists to colonize parts of Ugandaimage

A.   Uthman Dan Fodio

B.    Samoei Koitalel

C.    Semei Kakunguru

D.   Ignatius Musazi 

E. Samore Toure

  1.      The predominant form of colonial agriculture in British colonies in west Africa

A.   Peasant agriculture

B.    Settler Agriculture

C.    Plantation Agriculture

D.   Pastoralism Agriculture

E.    Mixed Agriculture

  1.           French assimilation policy granted the same rights as French citizens firstly in the following old towns of west Africa

A.   Lagos, Accra, Bamako and Lome

B.    St. Louis, Dakar, Rufsique and Goree'

C.    Alexandria, Durban, Cape Town and Natal

D.   Dakar, Lome, Accra and Gore'e

E.    Dakar, Lagos, Durban and Cor'ee

  1.             How did the effects of Berlin conference of 1884/ 1885 spark the world war one?

A.   It caused scramble for Africa

B.    It unequally divided the world

C.    It sparked Balkan Crisis

D.   Britain got few colonies

E.    Legalize the partition of Africa

  1.           Ghana empire broke apart due to the following reason

A.   Attacks from Almoravids

B.    Role of Trans — Saharan Trade

C.    Role of Simanguru

D.   Attacks from Banyoro

E.    The coming of European

  1.         The British colonial rule in East Africa Constructed the Uganda railway lines in order to..

A.   Attract more Europeans settlers

B.    Compete with the imperial German East African rule

C.    Provide cheap means of transport for the East African people

D.   Gain easy access to resources surrounding the interlacustrine area

E.    Facilitate transportation of suppressive soldiers against the rebel Uganda

  1.      The prolonged political conflicts in Congo forced United Nations to form a special peace keeping force known as....

A.   UNAMID

B.    MONUSCO

C.    UNHABITAT

D.   UNICO

E.    UNITA

  1.       The mastermind of Zanzibar revolution of 1964 was........image

A.  Abdulrahman Babu

B.   John Okello

C.   Alli Muhsin

D.  Zuberi Shante

E.   Amani Karume image

  1.         Tanzania adopted the new economic strategy in 1967 with the titleimage

A.   Operation feed your self

B.   Ujamaa and self reliance

C.   Humanism

D.   Common man's charter

E.    Independence now

2. Match the description in LIST A with the corresponding names of the resistances in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number

 

LIST A

 

LIST B

(i)

Its leader fought a war with the French in 1891 using the guerrilla warfare technique for about seven ears before he was defeated

A

The Yao resistance

(ii)

Its leader got the support from king Mangasha the king of Tinger, that's why it was easy for him to win the battle

B

Bunyoro resistance

(iii)

Caused by the outbreak of rinder — pest in 1903 that led to the deprivation of their catter were by the religious leaders expounded this event as a curse from God for their association with Germans

C

Nama and Herero resistance

(iv)

Charles Mac Carthy, the commander of the British force was killed

D

Shona — Ndebele resistance

v

Or anized b Kabare aa ainst British

E

The battle of Adowa

 

 

F

Mandinka resistance

 

 

G

Nandi resistance

 

 

H

The An lo — Asante war

SECTION B: (35 MARKS)

3.   Briefly answer the following questions

  1.               How industrial revolution contributed in the abolition of slave trade in the 19thC?
  2.             Show how did Arusha declaration changed social and economic relations in Tanzania.
  3.           Why did the headquarters of organization of African Unity was established at Addis Ababa?
  4.           Anglo - German Agreement of 1886 set the East African coast strip of 10 miles to Sultan of Zanzibar, what was the intention of this decision?
  5.             How did the presence of Zimba and Segeju lift the mark in the Portuguese rule in East Africa?
  6.           How can you prove that pre-colonial societies were developed even before the contact with the outsiders?

4.   Re-arrange the following historical events in chronological order by writing number 1 to 6 beside the item number in the answer booklet provided

  1.               The first world war changed the African history in colonization and made Tanganyika to be under the British control
  2.             Arabs were the first foreigners to interact and conduct trading activities for a very long period of time than any other foreigners
  3.           Germans were authorized to rule Tanganyika after the Berlin conference of 1884/1885 headed by Otto — Von Bismarck.
  4.           After Vasco - da - Gama discovered the sea route to India, the Portuguese needed to control East Africa through Indian ocean in the 15th C made the decline of Arab rule.
  5.             Several challenges faced the Portuguese including bad climatic conditions and lack of enough fund make the end of Portuguese rule in East Africa.
  6.           Tanganyika is among the East African country that have passed on through different periods of development from pre — colonial era to the period of colonialism.

5.    Draw a sketch map of Africa and locate by using roman numbers the following 

  1.               The country in which humanism became her ideology soon after independence
  2.             The country where the Portuguese firstly built fort Elmina.
  3.           The country where headquarters of AU is located
  4.           The country where the UMKHONTO - WE - SIZWE was formed as an underground army for fighting against white government.
  5.             A country where labour recruitment agency called SILABU was established.

SECTION C: (45 MARKS)

6.  With examples explain how long Distance Trade influenced the formation of African centralized kingdoms.

7.  The colonial regime used several techniques in order to obtain labour during colonial period. Justify this statement with six points.

8.  Jonas and Jemimah were given task by their history teacher to evaluate the changes obtained by pre-colonial African societies after the transition from primitive communalism to other pre - capitalist modes of production. In six points write in favour of Jonas and Jemimah by giving changes that were obtained.image

9.  Kwame Nkrumah had a dream of forming African union, however the dream never achieved, imageexplain six reasons for such failure

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 131

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS

FORM FOUR- SEPT 2022

TIME 3 HOURS

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. This paper consists  of section A,B and C
  2. Answer all questions in section  A and B and three (3) question in section C
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. Write your name on every page of your answer sheet.

SECTION A (15 MARKS)

Answer all questions from this section

  1. For each of the following item (i) –(x) choose the most correct answer among the given alternative and write its letter in the box provided
  1. A member of parliament for Makete constituencies resigned one year after the general election. What can be done to get another representative?
  1. Wait  for a general election
  2. Call for by – election
  3. The president nominate another person      (          )
  4. Call  for the general election
  1. Which of the following set of cultural practices is a major mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS?
  1. Food taboos and wife beating
  2. Widow inheritances and wife beating
  3. Female genital mutilation  and widow  inheritance
  4. Food taboos and early marriage
  1. Which of the following institution is the social security scheme?
  1. PSSSF   B. NBC   C. CRDB   D. TPB  (     )

 

  1. The  lowest level of urban authority in local government  in Tanzania is
  1. A village
  2. Municipal  council
  3. Town council
  4. A ward                        (        )
  1. Before marriage man and woman develop friendship. This is called :-
  1. Early marriage
  2. Infidelity
  3. Courtship
  4. Kitchen party   (        )
  1. One of the following is a quality of a good leader
  1. Dictate order person
  2. A non- corrupt person
  3. A selfish person            (      )
  4. The one who doesn’t accept critics. 
  1. Which of the following is a feature of globalization
  1. Movement of people
  2. Global warming
  3. Poor production           (      )
  4. Technology deterioration
  1. The national motto of the  United republic of Tanzania inscribed  on the coast of arms is
  1. Freedom and work
  2. Ujamaa and self-reliance
  3. Freedom  and Unity          (      )
  4. People and development
  1. Which among of the following root causes of poverty is beyond the control of the government of Tanzania
  1. Communicable diseases
  2. Rapid population  growth
  3. Ignorance of the people               (         )
  4. Unequal exchange  in international trade
  1. The  organ which is responsible for election procedures in Tanzania is called ?
  1. Presidential commission of election
  2. Tanzania  election Board
  3. National electoral commission   (       )
  4. Presidential election
  1. Match  the items in List A with the correct corresponding response in List B by writing the letter beside the item number in the answer sheet given

LIST       A

LIST    B

  1. In  ability  to know that  there different  gender roles
  2. Systematic  effort to identify and  understanding the role of women and men in society
  3. A role/importance of a particular sex
  4. A situation whereby one sex is treated either better or worse than other.
  5. Taking into consideration  gender, issues in development activities at all levels
  1. Gender analysis
  2. Gender balance
  3. Gender  main streaming
  4. Gender blindness
  5. Gender discrimination
  6. Gender role
  7. Gender bias
  8. Gender stereotyping

 

SECTION B (40 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section

  1. Read the following passage carefully and answer  the question (a) – (e)

The quality of health services in Tanzania has currently been improved. Better curative and preventive health service are offered. There are now better and advanced medical equipment in the region and referral hospitals than the way the situation was in the past. The medical personal are more equipped.

At the preventive level the government has improved nutrition, environmental health, reproductive health and control of infectious disease like the HIV and AIDS, cholera, leprosy and diarrheal. The accessibility of Tanzanians to medical services is better than in previous days. This is due to improvement and expansion of the transport system in different parts in the country. In additional more government and private health facilities have been built in different area in the country.

Despite the various measured taken by the government to improve health service, the distribution of quality health services in Tanzania is very poor. Most of the health centres that provide better services are still concentrated in town and cities. The health centres rural areas are facing problem of inadequate medicine and medical personnel

QUESTIONS

  1. Suggest the suitable title for this passage
  2. From  your experience suggest  two (2) possible ways of preventing cholera
  3. Outline  referral   hospital  in Tanzania which you know
  4. According to passage which criteria for measuring the quality of health service
  5. What are the possible causes of the differences in the quality of health service between urban and rural  areas
  1.  Using five points give effects human rights abuse in Tanzania
  2. List down five importance of road traffic signs
  3. Provide five points  to show the roles of government of Tanzania in economic development
  4. By using knowledge you have obtained in school identify five positive impacts   of globalization in Tanzania.
  5. Outline five indicators which indicate that Tanzania is poor country
  6. List  down five solution to improper behaviour
  7. List down five importance of Human Rights to Tanzanians

SECTION C (45 MARKS)

Answer three (3) questions from this section

  1. Give five points to elaborate the Importance of studying civics
  2. In five  points explain the roles of financial Institutions in economic development in third world  countries like Tanzania
  3. Justify the statement that“Gender discrimination operates through institutionalism Give five points.
  4. Private sector in any country play vital role in boosting the economic development. Analyse five problems facing informal sectors in Tanzania.

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 114

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE, MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

CIVICS TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR JULY-2022

Time: 3:00 Hours

INSTRUCTIONS

  • This paper consists of sections A, B and C with the total of fourteen (14) questions.
  •  Answer ALL Questions from section A and B and only three (3) Question from section C 
  • Section A carries 15 marks and section B carries 40 marks and section C carries 45 marks
  • Cellular phones and any unauthorized are not allowed in the examination room.
  •  Write your Examination number on every page of your answer sheets provided.

SECTION A (15 MARKS)

Answer ALL Questions in this section

1. For each of the items (i-x) choose the most correct answer among the given alternative and write its letter besides the item number.

(i) The elephant tusks on the coat of arm represents,

  1. National prestige
  2. Natural resources
  3. National freedom
  4. State power

(ii) The first permanent constitution in Tanzania was enacted in;

  1. 1964
  2. 1965
  3. 1977
  4. 1992

(iii)The ability of the person to feel and to share another person's emotion is known as;

  1. Self esteem 
  2. Self worth 
  3. Self assertive
  4. empathy

(iv) Which among the following are major pillars of the state?

  1. President, Vice president d Prime minister
  2. Executive, Legislature an Judiciary
  3. The president, the speaker and prime minister
  4. Executive, Armed forces d Judiciary

(v) Human right abuses experienced by HIV/AID patients in Tanzania includes,

  1. Gender discrimination 
  2. Gender biases
  3. Stigmatization 
  4. Food

(vi) A voting area for a representative to the National Assembly is called,

  1. Universal voting 
  2. Universal suffrage
  3. Polling station 
  4. Secret ballot

(vii) Before marriage men and women develop friendship, this period of friendship is called;

  1. Kitchen party 
  2. Infidelity
  3. Early marriage 
  4. Courtship

(viii) Which among the following institutions is responsible for preserving the national treasures of Tanzania? 

  1. The national sport council
  2. The National Arts Council
  3. The National Tourism Board
  4. The Department of Museum, Antiquities and National Archives

(ix)The following are components of the Nation except,

  1. People 
  2. International recognition 
  3. Government 
  4. Territory

(x) The leader of the Government business in the parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania is the

  1. Speaker 
  2. Prime Minister
  3. Chief Justice
  4. President of the United republic

2. Match the items in LIST A with the correct answer in LIST B

LIST A

LIST B

(i) The amendment introduced the vice President as the president running mate in the election was

(ii) Introduction of bill of Rights in the constitution

(iii) The republican constitution

(iv) The eight constitution amendment introduced multiparty system in Tanzania.

(v) The permanent constitution of the united Republic of Tanzania

  1. 1965 
  2. 1977
  3. 1984 
  4. 1961 
  5. 1962 
  6. 1995 
  7. 1964
  8. 1992

SECTION B (40 MARKS)

Answer ALL Questions in this section

3. Read the following passage and then answer Questions (a) - (e) that follow.

Investing in the education of girls could be one of the investments with the highest returns in Tanzania. There is wide spread perception that better educated women. are able to process information and use goods and services more efficiently. Evidence from many studies demonstrates that in the long run, increased education for women could contribute to improved quality' of life and enhances national development through increased economic production,  improved hygienic and nutritional practices, as well as reduced child mortality and better nutritional practices. Educated women are better prepared to provide health care, to educate their children and reduce their fertility to desired levels.

In Tanzania children acquire gender role identity as a consequence of the differential treatment, expectations and reinforcement given to girl and boys by their parents, teachers, and their society. Cultural factors have passive influence on the situation of female education. The Tanzanian culture has an inherent gender bias which adversely affects females. These customary practices include early marriage and parental preference for a wife and mother role for daughters. These strongly shape the aspiration of girls and they may drop out of formal schooling system prematurely, either physically or intellectually.

Among the taken by the government to ensure that girls were enrolled in primary schools on equal number as boys includes enactment of education act 1969. The act provides the legal backing to ensure that children were not withdrawn from school before completing school cycle. Also Important was the introduction of Universal Primary Education 1974 and the education act number 25 Of 1978 which gave the government powers to enforce compulsory enrollment ratio reached 93 percent in the late 1980s.

However the quality of primary education in Tanzania has suffered from under funding and pupil's development of critical thinking has been undermined by class size and for girls particularly, by curriculum which perpetuates gender stereotyping,

Questions

(a) Why the investment in the education of girls can have the highest returns in Tanzania?

(b) Point out two cultural aspects which affect the education of a girl child in Tanzania.

(c) State three alternatives through which children acquire gender role in Tanzania,

(d) Outline two challenges facing primary education in Tanzania

(e) Give two reasons behind increased enrollment of girls and boys in the late 1980s

4. In five points identify and explain institution that undermine female status in Tanzania

5. If you are deliver a talk on the consequences of improper behavior, which five consequences will you consider.

6. Explain the importance of financial institution for economic development in Tanzania. Give five points.

7. Outline five traditions and customs Of Tanzanians which must be eradicated

8. Different lessons are taught in Tanzanian schools. Culture being one of them, Why is it essential for Tanzania to have lessons on culture in schools. Five points.

9. Discuss five major forces which enabled Tanzania to be at the middle economy.

10. By using a knowledge you have obtained in civics explain the importance of civics to the society by giving five points.

SECTION C (45 MARKS).

Answer three (3) questions from this section

11. Explain by giving five (5) points how you would advice your community on the measures to be taken to avoid road accident in Tanzania.

12. Both formal and Informal sectors are highly needed for the economic development of the nation like Tanzania. In five (5) points discuss problems facing informal sectors.

13. African people example Tanzanians was not prepared enough to join global village. Explain five challenges of Globalization in Tanzania.

14. Protection of human rights means; ensuring that human rights are not abused, Illustrate five ways which used to combat abuse of human rights.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 102

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR -2022

 

INSTRUCTIONS:

 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B & C.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and only three questions in section C.
  3. Section A carry 15 marks, section B carry 40 marks and section C carry 45 marks
  4. Cellular phones are not allowed in the Examination Room
  5. Write your Examination number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

 

 

SECTION A: (15 MARKS)

 

  1. For each of the items (i)-(x). choose the correct among the given alternatives and write it letter beside the item number in the answer sheet provided:

 

SECTION A (20 MARKS)

1.For each of the items (i – x), Choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in your answer booklet

(i)A school authority which discourages female students to opt for technical subjects is likely to be influenced by

  1. Gender discrimination
  2. Gender stereotyping
  3. Gender analysis
  4. Gender
  5. Gender balance

(ii)The experiences of the past which are inherited by the society and are unchangeable are called 

  1. Traditions
  2. Norms
  3. Customs
  4. Ethics
  5. Moral values

(iii)The leader of government business in the Parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania is the 

  1. Attorney General
  2. Speaker
  3. Prime Minister
  4. Chief Justice
  5. President of the United Republic

(iv)Which of the following is not a function of the commission for Human Rights and Good Governance in Tanzania?

  1. Promote the protection and preservation of human rights
  2. Receive allegations and complaints of violation of human rights
  3. Visit prisons with the view of assessing conditions of prisoners
  4. Institute legal proceeding to public officials accused of corruption
  5. Cooperate with agencies of the United Nation in the areas of human rights

(v)The national motto of the United Republic of Tanzania inscribed on the coat of arms is 

  1. Freedom and unity
  2. Freedom and work
  3. Ujamaa and self-reliance
  4. People and development
  5. Education for self-reliance

(vi)A custom of having more than one wife is known as 

  1. courtship
  2. cohabitation
  3. engagement
  4. polygamy
  5. extended family

(vii)Which of the following organ is responsible for planning and coordinating village activities?

  1. Village Assembly
  2. Village committees
  3. Ward committee
  4. Ward development committee
  5. Village Council

(viii)The important feature of the constitutional Monarchy is 

  1. The prime minister is the ceremonial Head of the state
  2. The King or Queen is the ceremonial Head of the state
  3. Ministers are not members of the Legislature
  4. The King or Queen have executive powers
  5. There is no separation of powers of the three government organs

(ix)Bus accidents in Tanzania are caused by both human and external factors. The external factors include

  1. Excessive speed
  2. Overtaking errors
  3. Parking errors
  4. Reckless driving
  5. Poor road condition

(x)Which of the following is not a core function of Commercial Banks in Tanzania?

  1. Receive deposit from people
  2. Advance loans to people
  3. Provides insurance services to clients
  4. Agents of money transfer
  5. Provides business advice to clients

 

2.Match the items in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing a letter of the corresponding response besides the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Zanzibar constitution introduced a bill of rights and made the House of Representatives more representative
  2. Eighth constitution amendment introduced the multiparty system in Tanzania
  3. The interim constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania was replaced by a permanent one.
  4. The Tanganyika independence constitution enacted.
  5. The constitutional amendment provided for a Presidential candidate with the highest but not the majority of valid votes to get elected
  6. The Tanganyika Republic constitution enacted
  7. One party state constitution enacted
  8. The Zanzibar independence constitution enacted
  9. Zanzibar c
  1. 1961
  2. 1962
  3. 1963
  4. 1964
  5. 1965
  6. 1966
  7. 1967
  8. 1971
  9. 1974
  10. 1977
  11. 1978
  12. 1979
  13. 1984
  14. 1992
  15. 2000

 

SECTION B (20 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section

3.Read the following passage and then answer the questions that follow

Natural resources can be classified as non-renewable and renewable. Non-renewable or exhaustible resources such as fossils fuels, copper, and gold exist in fixed amount in various places in the earth crust. They can be used completely or economically depleted to the point where it costs too much to get what is left, when 80 percent of its total estimated supply has been removed and used

A renewable resource is the one that can theoretically last forever, because it is replaced through natural process. Examples are trees in the forest, grasses in grasslands, wild animals, fresh surface water in lakes and rivers, fresh air and fertile soils. The earth most valuable resources, is its diversity of potentially renewable forms of life. But over use can convert renewable resources to non-renewable by using them faster than they can be replenished.

Some non-renewable resources can be recycled or reused to extend supplies. Iron, aluminium, glass, for example, can be collected, remelted, reprocessed and made into new products. Also, to avoid excessive use of resources, recycling of papers products needlessly burned or thrown away, reduce timber needs for the paper industry. Domestic refuse can be used to generate power particularly for local districts heating and lighting schemes, though care must be taken when incinerating to avoid air pollution problems

Other non-renewable resources, such as fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas), cannot be recycled or reused. When the high-quality useful energy in these fuels is converted to low quality waste heat and exhausted gasses that pollute the atmosphere.

 

Questions 

  1. From the passage, identify two resources which can be replaced through the natural process
  2. State three merits of recycling non – renewable resources
  3. List down three environmental problems associated with burning of fossil fuels
  4. Explain the condition under which renewable resources cannot be renewed
  5. Suggest two measures to promote sustainable use of natural resources

 

4(a)Outline the consequences of improper behaviour among the youth in Tanzania by giving at least five points

(b)Briefly explain the importance of family stability by giving five points.

 

SECTION C (60 MARKS)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries 20 marks.

5. Tanzania is credited for promoting and broadening the scope of democracy. Give six points to show the validity of this statement 

6. Identify and explain six traditions and customs which influence the subordination and exploitation of women in Tanzania

7. The concept of globalization is sometimes misunderstood. Proved a broader view by examining six aspects of globalization

8.The industrial sector plays a key role in the economy of any country. Give six points to illustrate the importance of small-scale industries to people’s development in the rural areas in Tanzania 

9. Despite the government efforts, the war against poverty in Tanzania is yet to be won. Analyse nine root causes of poverty in Tanzania 

10.Elaborate six interpersonal skills which will enable you to cope with life after completion of secondary school education.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 84

 

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS MID TERM-1 EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-MARCH-APRIL-2022

Time: 3 Hours

Instructions.

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 14 questions
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries 15 marks, section B 40 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4. Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5. Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 

 

SECTION A (15 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section

1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided

(i)The government of Tanzania has decide to privatize public enterprises in order to 

  1. Encourage pluralism
  2. Reduce dependence of foreign aid
  3. Widen the sources of government revenue
  4. Promote globalization
  5. Implement IMF and World Bank policies

(ii)In your class there are few students who have developed stress due to fear in taking an examination. How will you advise them to cope with examination stress?

  1. To spend more time in studying before exams
  2. To think of different games during exams
  3. To make physical exercises during exams
  4. To eat a lot of food before exams
  5. To take some rest before exams

(iii)The element of culture which determines norms of conduct, behavior and ethics in theciet.

  1. Traditions
  2. Customs
  3. Arts
  4. Crafts
  5. Recreation

(iv)One of the pre-form one student doesn’t know about her rights as a citizen especially to join different groups in the society. As expert in civics tell her the right or freedom which will help her to belong to any organization of her choice.

  1. Press
  2. Association
  3. Movement
  4. Property
  5. Expression

(v)Voting is the right of any legal citizen who is eighteen (18) years old and above. What is the name of a vote taken to approve or disapprove the conduct of a leader?

  1. Veto power
  2. Secret ballot
  3. Sub ordinate
  4. Vote of confidence
  5. Suffrage

(vi)An agreement between the government, Political parties and the National Electoral commission that has rules on how the elections will be conducted is termed as 

  1. Ethics for political parties
  2. Code of ethics for elections
  3. Frequency of elections
  4. Improving elections
  5. Improving elections
  6. Rules of elections

(vii)The exercise of fairness and justice to all sexes without discrimination or consideration on whether they are born male or female is called.

  1. Gender
  2. Gender concept
  3. Gender equality
  4. Gender role
  5. Gender sensitive

(viii)Problems are inevitable in our societies. What matters is to find the best ways of ending these problems. The ways that a person or group of people deal with difficulties in the societies are called.

  1. Abilities to make choices
  2. Importance of applying problem-solving
  3. Social problems
  4. Problem-solving techniques
  5. Economic problems

(ix)Which of the following is NOT one of the factors of economic development?

  1. Capital
  2. Infant Mortality
  3. Entrepreneur
  4. Labour
  5. Land

2. Match the explanations in list A with the answers in list B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Fixed idea about a community group or person, but which is usually ot trues in reality
  2. Based on the principles that measures should taken to bridge the inequality between men and woman
  3. Inability to know that there are different gender roles, gender responsibilities and gender-based hierarchy
  4. State of taking into consideration gender issues in development activities at all level
  5. Systematic efforts to identify and under the roles of women and men within a given ociety.
  1. Gender analysis
  2. Gender balance
  3. Gender blindness
  4. Gender roles
  5. Gender mainstreaming
  6. Gender equity
  7. Gender stereotyping
  8. Gender discrimination
  9. Gender equality

 

SECTION B (40 MARKS)

Answer all questions in this section

3. Suppose you are the chairperson of Chekereni village which happen to have serious water shortage. Suggest five (5)sources of revenue for the local government authorities which can be used to cater the problem.

4. Propose five problems which might happen if the parents fail to up bring their children in proper way.

5.There is the slogan which says “Take care of the environment, so that the environment can take care of you” What do you think are the five benefits of taking/conserving the environment?

6. The three enemies in Tanzania are poverty, illiteracy and diseases. Suggest five methods of overcoming the three enemies mentioned above.

7 Support the contention which says “Work is the engine for human development” Give five points.

8.Explain five challenges facing Tanzania government in the provision of social services

9.List down five cultural practices that lead to the marginalization of woman in Tanzania.

10.Suggest five possible solutions to the challenge brought about by globalization to the developing countries like Tanzania.

SECTION C (45 MARKS)

Any three (3) questions from this section

11. Invisible sectors are crucial to the life of people. Analyze the six fruits brought about by the invisible sectors in economic development of the country like Tanzania.

12. Discuss how the economic and political liberalization has undermined the efforts made by Tanzania in the post to develop national culture.

13.For a democracy to exist in any country there are pillars of democracy to be observed. In six points, assess the achievements of Tanzania in broadening the scope of democracy.

14.Road accident has become an endless song in many developing counties. Many people are dying while others are left crippled. In the right of this statements, assess six key measures to be taken by Tanzania government to improve road safety in the country.

1

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 76

 

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

FORM FOUR MID TERM  EXAMINATION-2021

CODE 01CIVICS

 

TIME: 2:30HRS                                                                                                  AUG, 2021

 

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of Fourteen (14) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries 15 marks, section B carries 40 marks and section C carries 45 marks.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

 

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

 

  1. For each of the items (i– x), choose the correct response and write its letter in the box provided.
  1. In communication process, reading, writing, listening and speaking are considered as:-
  1. Basic communication skills
  2. Non – verbal communication
  3. Communication model
  4. Modern form of communication
  5. Communication barrier

 

  1. A vote taken to approve or disapprove the conduct of a leader is called.
  1. Veto power
  2. Vote of no confidence
  3. Secret ballot
  4. Suffrage
  5. Subordinate

 

  1. Collective name for town, municipal, district and city council is
  1. Urban authority
  2. People’s power
  3. Native authority
  4. Local authority
  5. Executive authority

 

 

  1. Critical thinking skills makes people
  1. Create problem
  2. Understand something
  3. Think and reason out before making decision
  4. Get into bad situation
  5. Inability to solve problem

 

  1. One of the objectives of women association is
  1. To emphasize an Female Genital Mutilation
  2. To prepare women for traditional entertainment
  3. To create awareness on the concerns and issue of women welfare 
  4. To bring friendship
  5. To design good wearing style

 

  1. The type of electoral system used by Tanzania in obtaining leaders is known as
  1. Combined system
  2. Simple majority system
  3. Complex majority system
  4. Proportional system
  5. Local government

 

  1.  Mr. Mitomingi is a village chair person who uses his power to arrest and send some villagers to the police station without listening to them, which of the freedom of human rights does he go against?
  1. Freedom of association
  2. Freedom of participation in public affairs
  3. Freedom of movement
  4. Freedom to own properties
  5. Freedom of expression

 

  1. The constitution of 1965 in Tanzania resulted to from
  1. The independence of Tanganyika
  2. The independence of Zanzibar
  3. The Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar
  4. The introduction of Monoparty system
  5. The introduction of multiparty system

 

  1. International recognition is one the characteristics of a nation which means the following EXCEPT,
  1. Being sovereign
  2. Being tree to decide and implement own policies
  3. Being not part of another nation
  4. Being economically and politically dependent of another nation
  5. Has boundaries of a territory

 

 

 

  1. The executive body of the village authority is
  1. Village government
  2. Village assembly
  3. Village council
  4. Village chair person
  5. Village executive officer

 

 

  1. Match the explanation in List A with the correct component of coat of Arms in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the booklet provided.

 

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Represents national heritage in terms of wildlife
  2. Represent readiness of people to defend the nation
  3. Represent national sovereignty
  4. Symbol of freedom and enlightenment
  5. Represent tools used by peasants and farmers.
  1. Axe and hoe
  2. Peak of mountain Kilimanjaro
  3. Uhuru torch
  4. Elephant tasks
  5. Sea waves
  6. National flag
  7. Shield and spear
  8. A man and women

 

 

SECTION B. (40 MARKS)

 

  1. Read the following passage carefully and answer question that follow.

Constitution amendment is the process of marking some changes for the aim of improving the laws in the constitution. The history of the constitutional amendment in Tanzania has some through various stages that were influenced by the Tanzania change of needs.In 1984 the constitution was amended by the introduction of a bill of common rights in 1992 the normal commission made recommendations to amend both union and Zanzibar constitution to make Tanzania multi-party state this paved the way to a multiparty political system.

Other amendments changed the composition of the national assembly which consisted of elected members 15% of the total membership of women representatives were to be appointed by their parties. Also, parliament and presidential candidates were to be nominated by any registered party.The amendment provided for the election of the president and his removal by way of impeachment system of running state was introduced to be paired up a presidential and vice presidential candidate. It also provided for the post for the post of prime-minister on him by the national assembly. The prime minister was required to take an oath to defend and mature union.

 

QUESTIONS

 

  1. Suggest a suitable title for the passage.
  2. Mention  two years of amendment took place in the national constitution according to the passage
  1. ………………………………………………………………..
  2. …………………………………………………………………..

(c) Provide the major change made in 1984 constitution amendment.

(d)  Explain the word constitution according to your experience.

 

  1. Outline the importance of life skills to the individual person and the society at large.
  2. Mention down five institutions that play role in the promotion and prevention of national culture in Tanzania
  3. Briefly describe five forms of government.
  4. Briefly explain five internal effects of poverty in Tanzania.
  5. Give 5 (five) points to elaborate the importance of studying civics.
  6. (a) What is corona virus? (COVID 19)

(b)In four points identify the ways on how can you protect yourself from corona virus (Covid 19)

  1. Explain five  challenges  facing government in the provision of education services in Tanzania

 

SECTION C (MARKS 45)

Answer any three questions from this section (each question carries 15 marks)

  1. Explain factors that foreigner has to fulfill to acquire citizenship in Tanzania.                (give 6 points)
  2. The debate on the merits and demerits of globalization sometimes generate more questions than answers, in thelight of this quotation, show (6) six socio-economic demerits of globalization in Tanzania.
  3. There is also unquestionable view that culture is dynamic.  In the light of this statementexplain anysix merits of cultural change to Tanzania.
  4. Analyze six importance of invisible sectors in economic development of the country like Tanzania.

 

Page 1 of 4

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 71

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-AUG/SEPT-2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 14 questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 15 marks, section B 40 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

(i) Military institutions formed by the big powers as a result of the cold war were the

  1. League of Nations and UNO
  2. World Bank and IMF
  3. NATO and WARSAW pact
  4. Security Council and International Court of Justice.
  5. Commonwealth and the Non-Alignment Movement.


(ii) In tanzania the following institutions are responsible for promoting human rights except

  1. TAMWA
  2. Tanganyika Society of the Lawyers
  3. TUCTA
  4. Judiciary
  5. The constitution.

(iii) One major impact of Structural Adjustment Programmes (SAP) to most African Countries is

  1. expansion of free social services
  2. promotion of African investors
  3. reduction of the work force
  4. promotion of rural development projects
  5. increasing government spending on social services.

(iv)Inheritance of spouses, sex preference, food taboos and circumcision of women are some of:

  1. cultural practices affecting women
  2. socio-cultural practices affecting women
  3. socio-economic practices affecting women
  4. political practices affecting women
  5. women empowerment activities

(v)The 1965 interim constitution of Tanzania introduced:

  1. Union government 
  2. Party supremacy
  3. Monoparty system
  4. Arusha Declaration
  5. Multipartism


(vi) One of the following statements is not true about the cultural defects of colonial education

  1. It inculcated self-reliance attitudes
  2. It encouraged individualistic instincts of mankind
  3. In inculcated racism
  4. It despised traditional dances
  5. It segregated women.

(vii) Local governments are important institutions for facilitating

  1. indigeneous culture
  2. representative democracy
  3. tax collection
  4. self-reliance
  5. participatory democracy.

(viii) One of the objectives of the New International Economic Order (NIEO) is to

  1. provide long­term development plan
  2. bring industrial cooperation between the North and the South
  3. form regional and inter­regional economic groupings
  4. adjust the imbalances in the distribution of resources to the rich and the poor nations 
  5. facilitate aid flow from the North to the South.

(viii) While the government of Tanzania is a republic, Morocco is a typical example of

  1. federal government
  2. authoritarian government
  3. absolute Monarchy
  4. a Constitutional Monarchy
  5. dictatorship

(ix) A type of dictatorship where a few persons form and control the government is called

  1. aristocracy
  2. authoritarian
  3. totalitarian
  4. fascism
  5. monarchy.

(x) A method that involves the process of looking at the present situation or the groups of people in which the problem rests is known as

  1. questionnaire
  2. mass media
  3. observation
  4. scientific experiment
  5. reading different books.

2. Match the items in List Awith the correct response in List Bby writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Deals with managing risks of a firm, business, people and property.

(ii) The average earnings of the people of a given country in particular year.

(iii) Provide advice to their customers on issues of investment and trade.

(iv) A factor of economic development.

(v) A social security scheme in Tanzania.

  1. Commercial Banks
  2. PSPF
  3. B.O.T
  4. Insurance Companies
  5. Capital
  6. Informal sector
  7. Per capita income
  8. Social development
  9. High mortality rate
  10. SSRA
  11. TRA
  12. Formal sector
  13. NPES
  14. TANROADS
  15. TTCL

SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Read carefully the following passage and then answer the questions that follow.

There might have been some justification for the steady increase from year to year in external aid if there was evidence that the battle against poverty was being won. All the evidence however, clearly demonstrates that the poor are getting poorer.

The reason why there is little effect on poverty reduction is that most aid is spent on heavily capitalized infrastructure projects such as railways, bridges and roads. These may have some indirect effect on the lives of poor people, but what people really want is better health and education services, improvement in village roads rather than highways and access to proper credit facilities to help them improve agriculture and raise their income.

Although there are some enlightened donors, most big western governments and UN agencies find these types of projects too small-scale and difficult to measure and administer. They would rather give money for power stations and fertilizer plants, since such things can be seen and their performance can be measured.

They also look impressive in glossy magazines telling the tax payers back home, how the government is spending their money.

QUESTIONS

(a) Suggest a suitable title for this passage.

(b) Why does the author say that the external aid has little effect on poverty?

(c) In what ways could external aid have direct effect to the people?

(d) Why do some donors give money only for large scale projects?

(e) From the passage, why does external aid seem to have no justification?

4. Suggest corrective measures against social cultural practices

5. Mention five sources of life skills

6. What are the functions of the president of United republic of Tanzania?

7. What is the significance of the constitution of Tanzania?

8. Outline the importance of proper behaviour

9. State the importance of courtship before marriage?

10.  The industrial sector plays a key role in the economy of any country. Give six points to illustrate the importance of small scale industries to people’s development in the rural areas in Tanzania


 

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries 15 marks.


11. In which ways do globalization contribute to socio economic development of Tanzania? 

List five ways.

12. Despite all the efforts from the government and other activist, women are still lagging behind in many aspects. Examine the strategies which can be used to liberate women in Tanzania.


13. Analyze the importance of industries to the least developing countries like Tanzania.


14. Outline the effects of Poverty in third world countries like Tanzania.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 59

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES 2021

CIVICS FORM IV

Time: 3 Hours

Instructions 

  1. This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of fourteen (14) questions.
  2. Answerall Questions in sections A and B and three (3)questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries 15 marks, section B carries 40 marks and section C carries 45 marks.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer sheet.

SECTION A: (15 Marks)

Answer all the questions in this section

1. For each of the items (i) – (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the items number in your answer sheet.

(i) The member of parliament for the Nyakasugwa constituency resigned one year after the general election. What can be done to get another representatives?

  1. Wait for the next general election 
  2. all for by-election
  3. The president nominate another person
  4. Call for the general election

(ii) Which of the following set of cultural practices is a major mode of transmission of HIV/AIDS/?

  1. Food taboos and wife beating
  2. idow inheritace and wife beating
  3. Female genital mutilation and widow inheritance
  4. Food taboos and early marriage

(iii) Which among the following source of local government revenue was abolished in Tanzania?

  1. Levies
  2. Central government subsides
  3. Development of levy
  4. Licence fees

(iv) Which of the following institution is the social security scheme?

  1. PSPF 
  2. NMB
  3. CRDB
  4. TPB

(v) One of the strategy which can be used to contain the challenges of globalization in Africa is:

  1. Agreement with IMF
  2. To increase Africa’s export in Africa
  3. Increase cash crop production in Africa
  4. Formation of regional grouping in Africa

(vi) In united republic of Tanzania the judiciary is the headed by

  1. Attorney general
  2. Prime minister
  3. Direct of public prosecution
  4. Chief of justice

(vii) The majority rule in Zanzibar was achieved on:-

  1. 12th December 1962
  2. 26th April 1964
  3. 12th January 1964
  4. 9th December 1964

(viii) Before marriage man and woman develop friendship. This period is called:-

  1. Early marriage
  2. Infidelity
  3. Courtship
  4. Kitchen party

(ix) One of the major aspect of globalization is

  1. Increased public ownership of major means of production
  2. Revolution in information and communication technology
  3. Favorable international terms of trade to third world countries
  4. Increased investment from third world developed countries

(x) Which of the following organ is responsible planning and coordinating village activities.

  1. Village assembly
  2. Village committee
  3. Ward development committee
  4. Village council

2. Match the items in List A with the correct response in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the term number in the answer booklet(s).

List A

List B

  1. Represents national heritage in terms of wildlife
  2. Ruled by king or emperor.
  3. Represent national sovereignty.
  4. Symbol of freedom and enlightenment.
  5. Represent tools used by peasants and farms.
  1. Axe and hoe
  2. Peak of mountain Kilimanjaro
  3. Uhuru torch
  4. Elephant tusks
  5. Sea waves
  6. National flag
  7. Monarchy
  8. A man and woman.
  9. Anarchy

SECTION B (40 marks)

Answer all the questions in this section.

3. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Around the world and in Tanzania in particular, the growing gaps between the rich and the poor in the recent decades have forced million of young children out of school and into work. The international labor organization estimates that 215 million children between the age of 5 and 17 currently work under conditions that are considered illegal, hazardous or extremely exploitative. Under age children work at all sorts of jobs around the world, usually because they and their families are extremely poor.

These child laborers suffers extreme illness, exploitation, injuries, and death in underground mines, open cast mines and quarries. Children as young as 6 or 7 years old break up rocks sieve and carry ore some of them especially girls work in domestic services, sometimes starting as young as5 or 6 years. This type of young labor are linked to trafficking. Domestic children labourers can be victims o physical, emotional and sometimes sexual abuse.

Worse still domestic child laborers ,particularly girls have been considered as sexual objects by male members of the family and in some cases including heads of the families. Additionally sexual protective gears such as condoms, may not be used in the actions, as a result the house girl may conceive, get infected with STI’S, HIV AND AIDS or both. In most cases a pregnant girl may be chased out of house without any help, forced to take an abortion or sometimes given a few money which is enough for bus fair to reach to her parents’ home. These option are taken to avoid leakage of information on her pregnancy and confrontation in the family.

Questions

  1. Suggest the suitable title for this passage and give reasons for your suggestions.
  2. Account for the root causes of child labour in Tanzania.
  3. Point out one risk facing domestic child labourers.
  4. Define child labourers according to international labor organization.
  5. According to the passage, what are the risks of having unprotected sex.

4. Use five points to signify the effects of poverty in Tanzania.

5. Outline five responsibilities of a good citizen in Tanzania.

6. Tanzania is signatory of the 1948 united nations declarations of the human right. To what extend are human rights protected in Tanzania (give five points)

7. Asses five significances of the national festival and public holidays to Tanzania.

8. In five points identify the social services provided by the government of Tanzania to her people.

9. Good leaders are very important to any society. Examine five qualities of a good leader.

10. Briefly explain five points on how would you advise your community on the measures to be taken to avoid road accidents.

SECTION C (45 marks)

Answer three questions (3) from this section.

11. Your invited to give a motivational speech to voters in Ng'anguli village. Prepare six key points on the importance of democratic election.

12. Proponents of globalization argue that "globalization is a catalyst of development while the opponents contend that it is a new form of neo colonialism to developing countries".

13. Discuss six demerits of globalization to a country like Tanzania.

14. Examine the needs of life skills to the youth in Tanzania by giving six points.

15. Identify and explain six tradition and customs which influence the subordination and exploitation of women in Tanzania.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 57

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS TERMINAL EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.             This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 14 questions
  2.             Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.             Section A carries 15 marks, section B 40 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.             Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.             Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i ­ x), choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in your answer booklet.

(i) The non biological roles performed by men and women in a society are called

  1.  gender roles 
  2.  cultural roles
  3.  femininity roles
  4.  parental roles
  5.  marital roles.

 (ii) Which of the following is the organ which oversees the day to day activities and makes decisions on matters concerning the village?

  1.  Village government. 
  2.  Village assembly.
  3.  Village council.
  4.  Village social council.
  5.  Village development committee.

 (iii) The right of people to belong to an organization is called freedom of

  1.  expression 
  2.  association
  3.  property
  4.  press
  5.  movement.

 (iii)  Which of the following is not an indicator of poverty?

  1.   Low per capita income 
  2.  High illiteracy rate
  3.  Dependant economy 
  4.  Low mortality rate
  5.  Environmental destruction.

 (iv)  Norms of conduct which differ from one society to another and change from time to time are known as

  1.   traditions 
  2.  crafts 
  3.  customs
  4. D rituals 
  5. E values.

 (v)  The branch of central government responsible for administrative duties is called

  1.   Judiciary 
  2.  Legislature
  3.  Secretariat 
  4.  The cabinet
  5.  The executive.

(v) In a democratic state the legitimacy of the government is obtained through

  1.  democratic campaigns 
  2.  democratic elections
  3.  independency of the parliament 
  4.  democratic mass rallies
  5.  political party propaganda.

 (vi) The two categories of local government authorities are

  1.  street and town governments 
  2.  village and street authorities
  3.  districts and urban authorities 
  4.  village councils and village authorities
  5.  urban councils and village authorities.


(viii)An organized body of persons who form an agency of the state is known as

  1. Government 
  2. Executive 
  3. Legislative 
  4. The armed force
  5. Judiciary.

(ix)  The right to voluntarily belong to any organization is known as

  1. freedom of expression 
  2. the right to life 
  3. freedom of association
  4. freedom of assembly
  5. right to equality.

2.  Match the items in List A with the correct responses in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

(i)  Zanzibar Constitution introduced a bill of rights and made the House of Representatives more representative.

(ii)  Eighth Constitutional amendment introduced the multi­party system in Tanzania.

(iii)  The Interim constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania was replaced by a permanent one.

(iv)  The Tanganyika independence constitution enacted.

(v)  The Constitutional amendment provided for a Presidential candidate with the highest but not the majority of valid votes to get elected.

  1. 1961
  2. 1962
  3. 1963
  4. 1964
  5. 1965
  6. 1966
  7. 1967
  8. 1971
  9. 1974
  10. 1977
  11. 1978
  12. 1979
  13. 1984
  14. 1992
  15. 2000

3. Read the following passage and then answer the questions that follow.

Natural resources can be classified as non­renewable and renewable. Non­renewable or exhaustible resources such as fossil fuels, copper, and gold exist in fixed amount in various places in the earth crust. They can be used completely or economically depleted to the point where it costs too much to get what is left, when 80 percent of its total estimated supply has been removed and used.

A renewable resource is one that can theoretically last forever, because it is replaced through natural process. Examples are trees in the forest, grasses in grasslands, wild animals, fresh surface water in lakes and rivers, fresh air and fertile soils. The earth most valuable resources, is its diversity of potentially renewable forms of life. But over use can convert renewable resources to non­renewable by using them faster than they can be replenished.

Some non­renewable resources can be recycled or reused to extend supplies. Iron, aluminium, glass, for example, can be collected, remelted, reprocessed and made into new products. Also to avoid excessive use of resources, recycling of papers products needlessly burned or thrown away, reduce timber needs for the paper industry. Domestic refuse can be used to generate power particularly for local districts heating and lighting schemes, though care must be taken when incinerating to avoid air pollution problems.

Other non­renewable resources, such as fossil fuels (coal, oil and natural gas), cannot be recycled or reused. When burned, the high quality useful energy in these fuels is converted to low quality waste heat and exhausted gases that pollute the atmosphere.

Questions

(a)  From the passage, identify two resources which can be replaced through the natural process.

(b)  State three merits of recycling non­renewable resources.

(c)  List down three environmental problems associated with burning of fossil fuels.

(d)  Explain the condition under which renewable resources cannot be renewed.

(e)  Suggest two measures to promote sustainable use of natural resources.

4. Explain the importance of a democratic election

5.  What are some of the qualifications required for a presidential candidate in Tanzania?

6. Outline the differences between direct democracy and indirect democracy

7. What are the negative social cultural factors that hinder equal participation of men and women in society.

8. What will happen if one does not apply social skills

9. Outline the consequences of improper behaviour among the youth in Tanzania by giving at least five points.

10. Explain the significance of the National Anthem by giving five points.

 SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

11.As an expert in Civics, use five points to convince your community on the need to preserve and promote a Tanzanian culture.

12 List down and explain five sources of the Central Government Revenue.

13. Discuss six functions of the Parliament of the United Republic of Tanzania in the governing process of the country.

14. Proponents of globalization argue that globalization is a catalyst of development while the opponents contend that it is a new form of neo-colonialism to developing countries. Discuss six demerits of globalization to a country like Tanzania.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 52

                                                              Candidate’s Examination No____________________________

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS MID TERM EXAMINATION-MARCH

FORM FOUR-2021

Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 14 questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 15 marks, section B 40 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

For each of the items (i-x) choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and item its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.1. For item (i-x) choose the most correct among the given alternatives and write its letter in the answer sheet provided

(i) One of the following is not among the village government standing committees.

A. Political and economic planning

B. Social services

C .Finance, economic and planning

D. Defense and security

E. Self reliance.

(ii) The road traffic signs are mainly divided into the following categories:

  1. Command, precaution and information signs 
  2. Command, permissive and precaution signs 
  3. Permissive, preventive and maintenance signs 
  4.  Red, yellow and green 
  5. Command, precautions and traffic lights. 

(iii) One of the following is not true about human rights:

  1. They are inherent 
  2. They should be recognized, respected, and enforced by the state 
  3. Sometimes are known as natural rights 
  4. People are free to exercise them without any limitations 
  5. They are divided into civil, political, economic, social and cultural rights. 

(iv) Skills, experience, efficiency, confidentiality, sense of duty and honesty are the

  1.  Sources of Government revenue 
  2.  Functions of the central Government 
  3.  Qualities of Civil servants 
  4.  Functions of the Executive 
  5.   Filling the special forms.

 (v) FINCA and PRIDE can be categorized as

A. Banks 

B.  Non profit making organisations 

C. Loan giving institutions 

D. NGO’s 

E. SACCOS. 

(vi) . One of the following is not a distinguishing characteristic of the monarchical government:

  1. Only King heads the society 
  2.  Headed by a King or Queen 
  3. A King or a Queen is not elected but is a ceremonial figure 
  4. King or Queen is not a part of Legislature 
  5. The Prime minister becomes a Chief Executive.

(vii) Separation of powers means

  1. governing powers are divided among Executive, Legislature and Parliament 
  2. completely parting away government organs 
  3. dispensing justice and imposing penalties when the laws are broken 
  4. one organ to control the remaining two 
  5. Governing powers are divided among the Executive, Parliament and the Judiciary. 

 (viii) The speaker of the United Republic of Tanzania is elected from the

A. Members of parliament only 

B. Office of the parliament 

C.  Lawyers and judges 

D. Any Tanzanian provided he/she qualifies to be a member of parliament 

E. Senior ministers. 

(ix) The Constitutional amendments of 2000 led to the following except:

  1. Establishment of the office of register of political parties. 
  2. Increased number of women seats from 15% to 30%. 
  3. Empowered the President to nominate up to 10 members of Parliament. 
  4. Declaration of President through simple majority votes. 
  5. Establishment of Human Rights and Good Governance Commission. 

(x)  Before a Minister is appointed by the President to head a Ministry, he/she must be

A. a Board Member of any firm recognized by the Government 

B. a member of any registered Political Party 

C. a graduate from any recognized institution 

D. appointed or elected Member of Parliament 

E. only an elected Member of Parliament. 

2.  Match the items of List A with the response in List B by writing letter of the correct response in the answer sheet provided 

LIST A

LIST B

i. Civil services

ii. citizen ship by registration 

iii. Special seats in the parliament

iv. Revolutionary government 

v. PCCB Director General

  1. All government department except Judiciary and the armed forces
  2. Used to solve problem with psychological effects
  3.  Used to solve problem with physiological problem
  4. The crime of betraying one’s country by attempting to kill the sovereign or overthrow the government.
  5.  A public official who conducted legal proceedings against someone 
  6.  Economic social and cultural rights
  7. Moral and legal rights 
  8. Gender equity
  9.  Valentine Mlowola
  10.  Dr. Edward Hosea
  11. Gender equality
  12.  Local government authorities established.
  13.  Formed after a complete overthrow of the existing oppressive government by the majority of people
  14. Acquired through application 
  15. Acquired through birth certificate 

SECTIONB(40marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Read the following passage and then answer the questions that follow.

The wave of struggle for democracy which swept through many countries since the late 1980s triggered the demand for the multi­party system. But then many questions came to the fore. One of the questions is whether it is not possible to have democracy without a multi­party system. It is not easy to reach a consensual conclusion on this issue. But many people agree that having one political party by law minimizes the right of political participation for those who dislike that single party.

Because of this, western countries insist that true democracy has to go hand in hand with the freedom to form parties. In those countries, various political parties contest for peoples’ votes and the party whichwinformsagovernmentandtherestremainasoppositionparties.

One important benefit of the multi­party system is that it provides an opportunity to form a different government when the ruling party loses in an election. This provides an equal opportunity for various political parties and politicians to rule on behalf of the voters. It is said that this opportunity for change in the leadership of government provides better chances to formulate and implement better policies for the benefit of the people. It is also said that the existence of opposition parties makes the government constantly keen in serving the people, for one of the roles of the opposition parties is to challengeandcorrectthegovernmentinpower.

Some experts in questions of democracy have warned that opposition under multipartism does not always promote democracy. They believe that where there are weak opposition political parties which merely make empty speeches at political platforms, democracy may be weakened. A usefuloppositionisonewherepoliticalpartiesarestrong,withabroadsocialbase.

Questions

(a) Explainthewesterncountriesviewontruedemocracy.

(b) Accordingtotheauthor,listtwomeritsofthemultipartysystem.

(c) Accordingtotheauthor,whatistheconditionforavibrantdemocracy?

(d) Fromthepassage,describethedemeritofthesinglepartysystem.

(e) Fromthepassage,explaintheroleoftheoppositionparties.

4. (a) Examine five  roles of Savings and Credit Cooperative Societies (SACCOS) in alleviating poverty in Tanzania 

(b) State five conditions for acquiring citizenship by naturalization in Tanzania.

5. Analyse the importance of financial institutions in economic development.

6. Examine the major sources of the water pollution in Tanzania and suggest control measures.

7. Discuss the factors that contribute to discrimination against women

8. What are the importance of life skills to a youth 

9. Differentiate gender equality from gender equity

10. Road accidents can be avoided if rules are observed. Discuss.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries 15 marks.

11. The government efforts to provide quality secondary education to the majority in Tanzania are facing multiple challenges. Analyze six current challenges in the provision of secondary school education in Tanzania.

12. “Globalization has both assets and liability”. Verify this contention by discussing the liabilities of globalization in Tanzania 

 13. One of the sources of government income is generated through taxation. As a good citizen explain to your community six benefits of paying taxes.

14. As a knowledgeable person in life skills, describe systematically the steps you would take to solve social problems in your community

1

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 42

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM FOUR-2021

 Time: 3Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 14 questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and three questions from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 15 marks, section B 40 marks and section C 45  Marks
  4.              Programmable calculators, cellular phones and any other unauthorized materials are not allowed in examination room.
  5.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (15 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1. For each of the items (i-x) choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and item its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.
  1. Which of the following is major driving force of globalization?
  1. Free movement
  2. Increased direct foreign investment in development nation
  3. Revolution in information and communication Technology
  4. The introduction of multiparty system in many countries
  5. Increase freedom of the mass media.
  1. One of the advantages of saving and cooperative societies (SACCOS) over other financial constitutions.
  1. Better terms on their credit facilities and insurance
  2. Better terms to saving and credit facilities is their members
  3. Better money transfer services offered
  4. There is no interest on credit facilities extended is their members
  5. Members are allowed is maintaining their saving in foreign currency.
  1. The ability of a person to analyze, evaluate and describe the equality  of something, an action  or decision is referred to as.
  1. Creative thinking
  2. Decision making
  3. Problems solving
  4. Critical thinking
  5. Self confidence
  1. The right to voluntary belongs to any organization is known as
  1. Freedom of expression
  2. The right to life
  3. Right to equality
  4. Freedom of association
  1. ……………. Is an agreement between the government political parties and Nation elections commission that has roles on how elections in be conducted?
  1. Ethics for political parties
  2. Code of ethics for election
  3. Improving election
  4. Political part manifesto
  1. Which of the followings are commercial banks in Tanzania?
  1. FEPF, NBC and TIB
  2. NBC, CRDB, GEPF
  3. NMB, SACCOS, NIHF
  4. NBC, NMB, CRDB
  1. Social development refers as
  1. Improvement of people’s welfare in the society
  2. Improvement in relations among the people
  3. Improved women welfare in the society
  4. High literacy rate in the society
  1. The two categories of local government authorities are: -
  1. Street and town government
  2. Village and street authorities
  3. Districts and urban authorities
  4. Village councils and village authorities
  5. Urban councils and village authorities
  1. The inability to know that there are difference gender roles, responsibilities and a gender-based hierarchy is called
  1. Gender analysis
  2. Gender issue
  3. Gender blindness
  4. Gender mainstreaming
  1. It is important to preserve our national cultural because it
  1. Is a tourist attraction
  2. Is our historical heritage
  3. Is an expression of national identity and pride
  4. Is an agent of socialization
  5. Promote our moral values

i

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

vii

viii

ix

x

  1. Match the items in LIST A with the correct response in LIST B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklets provided.

LISTA

LISTB

  1. Deals with managing rests of affirm business, people and property
  2. Provide advice to their customers on issues of investment and Trade
  3. A factor of economic development
  4. An institution responsible for controlling inflation in Tanzania
  5. It has no proper places set for it to conduct  it’s business
  1. Commercial banks
  2. BOT
  3. Insurance companies
  4. Capital
  5. Informal sectors

i

ii

iii

iv

v

vi

SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

Read the following passage carefully and answer questions (a) (e) that follow:

Suicide is one of the critical problems of adolescent today. This disastrous act is committed for different reasons. Some adolescents often feel that death is the only way out of intolerable situations. Those terminally ill and those incapacitated by serious illness or injuries commit suicide to avoid further pain. Yet others commit suicide to draw attention, to teach those who hurt them a lesson and to punish themselves for the shame they might have caused to others. 

Most adolescents who commit suicide do so as a reaction to previous distressing events. Such common events include conflicts within the adolescent’s families, their failure to live up to the parents’ or guardians’ expectations and the adolescent’s failure to develop adequate interpersonal relationships within their families. These events often leads to suicide signals such as threatening to commit suicide or displaying actual tendencies to suicide and serious suicide attempts whereby the adolescent survives or leads to actual suicide. 

The signals of suicide among adolescent include previous attempts, threat to commit suicide, feelings of alienation and loneliness and the presence of mental illness especially depression. Other signals are lack of adequate impulse control, unexpected severe and prolonged stress and negative emotions.

Questions

  1.  Provide a suitable title for the passage.
  2. What is the attitude of some adolescents towards death?
  3. Mention any two factors from the passage that compel some of the youth to commit suicide.
  4. List down two suicide signals among the adolescents.
  5. What is the attitude of the author towards suicide tendencies among the adolescent?
  1. Give the meaning of the following terms
  1. Custom
  2. Ballot paper
  3. By election
  4. Urban authority
  1. Mention four sources of service in local government authority
  2. Outline five roles of commercial Banks in Tanzania
  3. National Assembly consists of different members. List five categories of members in the parliament of Tanzania
  4. There are different categories of Responsibilities of a responsible citizen being personal, social, economic and political responsibilities. Point out five Responsibilities of responsible citizen.
  5. Write short notes of the following terms
  1. PSSSF
  2. FGM
  1.   The judiciary is among the branch of government. List five levels of judiciary in Tanzania

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section. Each question carries 15 marks.

  1. The central Bank of Tanzania is the mother of other Banks in the country “Discuss” (six points)
  2. The multipart system is more democratic than single party system in the light of their statements examine six merits of multiparty democracy to a country like Tanzania (six points)
  3. “Some cultural practices are outdated and no longer useful in our society”. Discuss (six points)
  4. “Proponents of globalization agree that globalization is a catalyst of development which the opponents contend that it is a new form of Neo-colonialism to developing countries”. Discuss six demerits of globalization to a country like Tanzania (Six points)

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 40


THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

PRE-NATIONAL  EXAMINATION SERIES-1

CIVICS  FORM-4

2020

TIME: 3:00 HRS

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of fourteen (14) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Section A carries 15 marks, section B carries 40 marks and section C carries 45 marks.
  4.  Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. imageWrite your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

image Answer all questions in this section. 

l . For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i)   The Headmaster/mistress of your school is not satisfied with the academic performance of the school in the Form Four National Examinations. Which of the following type of life skills will you recommend to improve the academic performance of the school?

  1.  Teamwork       
  2. Negotiation skills
  3. Empathy                                           
  4. Forming friendship
  5. Peer pressure

(ii) The ability of a person to feel and share another persons emotion is known as

  1.  self esteem. 
  2.  self-worth.  
  3. empathy. 
  4.  self-assertive.
  5.  love.

 

(iii) Which among the following institutions is a Social Security Scheme?

  1.  NMB    
  2.  CRDB  
  3.  NBC 
  4. PSPF 
  5.  TPB

 

(iv) Which of the following are major pillars of the State?

  1.  Executive, Armed Forces and Legislature
  2.  Executive, Legislature and Judiciary
  3.  The President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice
  4.   Executive, Armed Forces and Judiciary
  5.  The President, the Speaker and the Prime Minister

 

(v)  A persons ability to appreciate himself or herself is known as

  1.  self-submissive.
  2. self-assertive. 
  3. self esteem. 
  4. self-awareness. 
  5.  self-aggressive.

 

(vi)  One of the suitable decision making model in a family life is the one in which 

  1. the father makes decisions.
  2. all members of the family participate.
  3.  father and mother share views.
  4.  children can make decision.
  5.  the mother can decide on behalf of the father.

(vii) In the United Republic of Tanzania, the Judiciary is headed by the

  1. Chief Justice
  2. Attorney General
  3. Director of Public Prosecution 
  4. Prime Minister
  5. Minister for Legal and Constitutional Affairs.

 

 

(viii)The first permanent constitution in Tanzania was enacted in

  1. 1964
  2. 1965
  3. 1984  
  4. 1977
  5. 1992.

 

 

(ix)An organized body of persons who form an agency of the state is known as

  1. Government 
  2. Executive 
  3. Legislative 
  4. The armed force
  5. Judiciary.

(x) The assigning of roles, tasks and responsibilities to a particular gender on the basis of fixed biases is called

  1.  gender analysis 
  2.  gender bias
  3.  gender mainstreaming 
  4.  gender blind
  5.  gender stereotyping.

 

2. Match the items in List A with the correct response in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Deals with managing risks of a firm, business, people and property.

(ii) The average earnings of the people of a given country in particular year.

(iii) Provide advice to their customers on issues of investment and trade.

(iv) A factor of economic development.

(v) A social security scheme in Tanzania.

  1. Commercial Banks
  2. PSPF
  3. B.O.T
  4. Insurance Companies
  5. Capital
  6. Informal sector
  7. Per capita income
  8. Social development
  9. High mortality rate
  10. SSRA
  11. TRA
  12. Formal sector
  13. NPES
  14. TANROADS
  15. TTCL

 

3. Read the following passage and then answer the questions that follow.

Investing in the education of girls could be one of the investments with the highest returns in Tanzania. There is a widespread perception that better educated women are able to process information and to use goods and services more efficiently. Evidence from many studies demonstrate that in the long run, increased education for women could contribute to improved quality of life and enhances national development through increased economic production, improved hygienic practices, as well as reduced child mortality and better nutritional practices. Educated women are better prepared to provide healthcare, to educate their children and to reduce their fertility to desired levels.

In Tanzania, children acquire gender role identity as a consequence of the differential treatment, expectations, and reinforcement given to girls and boys by their parents, teachers, and the society. cultural factors have a pervasive influence on the situation of female education. The Tanzanian culture has an inherent gender bias which adversely affects females. These customary practices include early marriages and parental preference for a ‘wife and mother’ role for daughters. These strongly shape the aspirations of girls and they may drop out of formal schooling system prematurely, either physically or intellectually.

Among the strategies taken by the government to ensure that girls were enrolled in primary schools on equal number as boys include the enactment of the Education Act of 1969. The act provided legal backing to ensure that children were not withdrawn from school before completing the primary school cycle. Also important was the introduction of Universal Primary Education in 1974 and the Education Act No. 25 of 1978, which gave the government powers to enforce compulsory enrolment and attendance of girls and boys in schools. Through these efforts the gross enrolment ratio reached 93 percent in the late 1980s.

However, the quality of primary education in Tanzania has suffered from underfunding and pupil’s development of critical thinking has been undermined by class size and for girls particularly, by a curriculum which perpetuates gender stereotyping.

Questions

(a)  Why investment in the education of girls can have the highest returns in Tanzania?

(b)  Point out two cultural factors which affect the education of a girl child in Tanzania.

(c)  State three ways through which children acquire gender roles in Tanzania.

(d)  Outline two challenges facing primary education in Tanzania.

(e)  Give two reasons behind increased enrolment of girls and boys in the late 1980s.

 

4.  Briefly explain the main five functions of the Central Bank of Tanzania (B.O.T)

5. The informal sector is one of the fast growing sectors in economy. Explain six major problems facing the informal sector in Tanzania.

6. List down any five solutions to improper behaviours.

7.  There is almost unquestionable view that culture is dynamic. In the light of this statement, explain any five merits of cultural change to Tanzanians.

8.  Provide five points to defend the view that the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is beneficial to Tanzanians.

 

9. Briefly explain five elements of culture.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

10. “ High standard of life and work are inseparable”. In the light of this statement examine the importance of work to human development by giving six points.

11. Despite the fact that Tanzania is endowed with many resources, it is economically underdeveloped. Discuss six factors needed for economic development of Tanzania to take off.

12.  Elaborate six interpersonal skills which will enable you to cope with life after completion of secondary school education.

 

13.  HIV/AIDS is a threat to future prosperity of many nations. Elaborate six socio economic impacts of HIV/AIDS to people in Tanzania.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 33

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

CIVICS- POST-MOCK- EXAMINATION-JUNE

FORM FOUR

Time 3:00 Hours JUNE 2020

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  3. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  4. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

(i) Assume you are planning to get married, for about a year now you have developed friendship with a person of the opposite sex whom you think is the right candidate. How can you describe such kind of relationship?

  1. Premature marriage
  2. Wedding
  3. Honeymoon
  4. Courtship
  5. Marital relationship

(ii) Which of the following indicator would best guide you to determine a country practicing a dictatorial form of government?

  1. Citizens electing their preferred political leaders and holding them accountable.
  2. Citizens enjoying fair and equal treatment before the law.
  3. Citizens punished for expressing personal views and opinions.
  4. Citizens exercising freely personal religious beliefs and worship.
  5. Citizens feeling their human dignity respected and safeguarded.

(iii) What message do Zebra Crossings communicate to vehicle drivers?

  1. There may be other vehicles crossing or waiting to cross the road.
  2. There may be pedestrians crossing or waiting to cross the road.
  3. To reduce speed because there is a railway crossing the road.
  4. There may be traffic police monitoring speed limit.
  5. To reduce speed because there is a nearby game reserve.

(iv) The Member of Parliament for Toroka Uje constituency resigned one year after the general election. What can be done to get another representative?

  1. Wait for the next general election
  2. Calls for by-election
  3. The President nominate another person
  4. The National Electoral Commission nominates another person
  5. Call for general election

(v) Human rights abuses experienced by HIV/AIDS patients in Tanzania include

  1. stigmatization.
  2. food taboos.
  3. gender biases.
  4. gender stereo typing.
  5. gender discrimination.

(vi) Which of the following are major pillars of the State?

  1. Executive, Armed Forces and Legislature
  2. Executive, Legislature and Judiciary
  3. The President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice
  4. Executive, Armed Forces and Judiciary
  5. The President, the Speaker and the Prime Minister

(vii) A persons ability to appreciate himself or herself is known as

  1. self-submissive.
  2. self-assertive.
  3. self esteem.
  4. self-awareness.
  5. self-aggressive.

(vii) Why most Tanzanians cannot access credit facilities offered by commercial banks in Tanzania?

  1. They lack a culture of saving.
  2. They lack information on credit facilities.
  3. They lack education.
  4. They lack insurance cover.
  5. They are discouraged by high interest rate.


(viii)Which of the following is NOT a correct characterization of the informal sector in Tanzania?

  1. lack of permanent business premises
  2. business activities are regulated by taxation laws
  3. employees lack social security protection
  4. employees have little job security
  5. employees’ wages are often low.

(ix) When local governments enact laws in their areas of authority, the laws are called

  1. Standing orders
  2. Local government order
  3. Bills
  4. Manifesto
  5. By laws.

(x) A condition whereby individual rights are restricted to safeguard the rights of other people is known as

  1. protection of human rights
  2. execution of the natural justice
  3. the rule of law
  4. limitation of human rights
  5. violation of human rights.

2. Match the explanations in List A with the correct component of Coat of Arms in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the booklet provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Represents national heritage in terms of wildlife.
  2. Represent readiness of people to defend the nation.
  3. Represent national sovereignty.
  4. Symbol of freedom and enlightenment.
  5. Represent tools used by peasants and farmers.
  1. Axe and hoe
  2. Peak of Mountain
  3. Kilimanjaro
  4. Uhuru torch
  5. Elephant tusks
  6. Sea waves
  7. National flag
  8. Shield and spear
  9. A man and woman

3. Read the following passage and answer the questions that follow.

The process by which children learn to behave in a way that is acceptable in their society is influenced by cultural norms, beliefs and values during the various stages of childs development in a given society settings. Parents especially mothers play a key role in this process by encouraging the same cultural values and norms and attitudes she was taught and experienced in her lifetime. Thus social construction of gender role takes place at household level where girls and boys are assigned gender role by the parents. Patriarchy is the dominating established system that maintains the way by which children/ adult learn to behave as men and women without questioning.

The girl child is discriminated even before she is born. In some culture, the birth of a baby boy is highly celebrated compared to that of a girl. The song for boy child " keep quite my child you will build for me, you will protect me." For a girl child " Keep quite my child you will grind for me, you will bring me water and firewood."

In most societies boys are viewed as pillars of strength, and keepers of property, bearers of clan name, also as permanent members of the family. By contrast girls are viewed as "bearers of children and temporary members of the family." Girls also are denied the right to inherit land or family property.

Basically, the girl child like her mother has limited chances to education, training and personal development due to unequal access to resources, cultural and religious beliefs. Today there are still people who believe that educating a girl is wastage of resources.

(a) Suggest a suitable title for the passage.

(b) Show how the girl child is being perceived in a society. (Give two points).

(c) What does gender role mean according to the author.

(d) According to the author, the birth of a baby boy is highly celebrated as compared to that of a baby girl .Why is the case? (Give two points).

(e) In what ways the girl child rights are undermined? (Give three points).

4. (a) List down five sources of the Central Government Revenue.

(b) Outline five functions of the Judiciary.

5. Briefly explain giving five points why do you think the government of Tanzania is conducting campaign against Female Genital Mutilation (FGM)?

6. Tanzania is a signatory of the 1948 United Nations Declaration of Human rights. To what extent are human rights protected in Tanzania? (Give six points).

7. The multiparty system is more democratic than a single party system. In the light of this statement examine six merits of multiparty democracy to a country like Tanzania.

8. Briefly outline five responsibilities of a good citizen in Tanzania.

9. Provide five points to defend the view that the Union of Tanganyika and Zanzibar is beneficial to Tanzanians.

10. Briefly explain five elements of culture.

SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section.

11. Despite her abundant resources, Tanzania is still considered as a poor country. Show six indicators of Poverty in Tanzania.

12. Suggest six measures which can be used to improve the agricultural sector in Tanzania.

13.In six points, differentiate democratic governments from non-democratic governments.

14. Most members in your community are not aware on the causes of high incidences of road accidents. As a knowledgeable community member, briefly explain six causes of road accidents in Tanzania.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 20

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, LOCAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

CIVICS TERMINAL EXAMINATION-MAY

FORM FOUR`

Time 3:00 Hours MAY 2020 

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  1. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C.
  1. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  1. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

 SECTION A (15 marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.

(i) Which of the following are major pillars of the State?

  1. Executive, Armed Forces and Legislature
  2. Executive, Legislature and Judiciary
  3. The President, the Prime Minister and the Chief Justice
  4. Executive, Armed Forces and Judiciary
  5. The President, the Speaker and the Prime Minister

(ii)) Human rights abuses experienced by HIV/AIDS patients in Tanzania include

  1. stigmatization.
  2. food taboos.
  3. gender biases.
  4.  gender stereo typing.
  5. gender discrimination.

(iii)  Before marriage men and women develop friendship, this period of friendship is called 

  1. courtship
  2. early marriage
  3. Fidelity
  4. initiation period
  5. kitchen party.

(iv) Which of the following are inscribed on the Coat of arms of Tanzania? 

  1. giraffe and hammer.
  2. flag and giraffe.
  3. hoe and hammer.
  4. forest and trees. 
  5.  trees and hoe.

( v) Which of the following is not a function of the Commission for Human Rights and Good Governance in Tanzania?

  1. Promote the protection and preservation of human rights.
  2. Receive the allegations and complaints of violation of human rights.
  3. Visit prisons with the view of assessing conditions of prisoners.
  4. Institute legal proceedings to public officials accused of corruption.
  5. Cooperate with agencies of the United Nation in the areas of human rights.

(vi) Tanzania has included the life skills education in its curriculum because it

  1. helps people to cope with urban life easily
  2. increases productivity and comfortability of life
  3. reduces the sense of personal esteem
  4. helps people to become wealthy
  5. helps people to obey their cultural values.

(vii) Tanzania has included the life skills education in its curriculum because it

  1. helps people to cope with urban life easily
  2. increases productivity and comfortability of life
  3. reduces the sense of personal esteem
  4. helps people to become wealthy
  5. helps people to obey their cultural values.

(viii) The two categories of local government authorities are

  1.  street and town governments
  2.  village and street authorities
  3.  districts and urban authorities
  4.  village councils and village authorities
  5.  urban councils and village authorities.

(ix) The assigning of roles, tasks and responsibilities to a particular gender on the basis of fixed biases is called

  1. gender analysis
  2. gender bias
  3. gender mainstreaming
  4. gender blind
  5. gender stereotyping.

(x) Which of the following is NOT a correct characterization of the informal sector in Tanzania? 

  1.  lack of permanent business premises
  2.  business activities are regulated by taxation laws
  3.  employees lack social security protection
  4. employees have little job security 
  5. employees’ wages are often low.

2. Match the items in List A with the correct response in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response beside the item number in the answer booklet. 

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Deals with managing risks of a firm, business, people and property.

(ii) The average earnings of the people of a given country in particular year.

(iii) A factor of economic development.

(iv) A social security scheme in Tanzania.

(v) An institution responsible for controlling inflation in Tanzania.

 

  1. Commercial Banks 
  2. PSPF
  3. B.O.T
  4. Insurance Companies 
  5. Capital
  6. Informal sector
  7.  Per capital income 
  8. Social development 
  9. High mortality rate 
  10. SSRA
  11.  TRA
  12. Formal sector
  13. MNPES
  14.  TANROADS
  15.  TTCL

SECTION B 40 MARKS

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Suicide is one of the critical problems of adolescent today. This disastrous act is committed for different reasons. Some adolescents often feel that death is the only way out of intolerable situations. Those terminally ill and those incapacitated by serious illness or injuries commit suicide to avoid further pain. Yet others commit suicide to draw attention, to teach those who hurt them a lesson and to punish themselves for the shame they might have caused to others.

Most adolescents who commit suicide do so as a reaction to previous distressing events. Such common events include conflicts within the adolescent’s families, their failure to live up to the parents’ or guardians expectations and the adolescent’s failure to develop adequate interpersonal relationships within their families. These events often leads to suicide signals such as threatening to commit suicide or displaying actual tendencies to suicide and serious suicide attempts whereby the adolescent survives or leads to actual suicide.

The signals of suicide among adolescent include previous attempts, threat to commit suicide, feelings of alienation and loneliness and the presence of mental illness especially depression. Other signals are lack of adequate impulse control, unexpected severe and prolonged stress and negative emotions.

 Questions

(a) Provide a suitable title for the passage.

(b) What is the attitude of some adolescents towards death?

(c) Mention any two factors from the passage that compel some of the youth to commit suicide.

(d) List down two suicide signals among the adolescents.

(e) What is the attitude of the author towards suicide tendencies among the adolescent?

4. (a) Outline five merits of making responsible decision.

(b) Briefly explain five importance of work for self-development.

5. (a) Briefly outline five responsibilities of a good citizen in Tanzania.

(b) List down five importance of human rights to Tanzanians.

 6. ( a) Outline the consequences of improper behaviour among the youth in Tanzania by giving at least five points.

(b) Briefly explain the importance of family stability by giving five points.

 7. ( a) Outline five traditions and customs which affect the reproductive health of women in Tanzania. (b) Explain the significance of the National Anthem by giving five points.

 8. ( a) Outline the effects of drug abuse by giving five points. (b) List down any five solutions to improper behaviours. 

SECTION C. 45 MARKS

Answer only three questions.

9. Show how a responsible Tanzanian citizen can contribute to the welfare and prosperity of the country by giving six points.

10. Proponents of globalization argue that globalization is a catalyst of development while the opponents contend that it is a new form of neo-colonialism to developing countries. Discuss six demerits of globalization to a country like Tanzania.

11. Tanzania is credited for promoting and broadening the scope of democracy. Give six points to show the validity of this statement.

12. Identify and explain six traditions and customs which influence the subordination and exploitation of women in Tanzania.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 13

THE PRESIDENTS OFFICE

REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

MID TERM EXAMINATIONS-MARCH 2020

CIVICS FORM FOUR

 

INSTRUCTIONS

 

This paper consists of section A, B and C

Answer all questions in section A, B and ONLY THREE questions from section C.

 

1. For each of the items (i) – (x), choose the correct answer among the given alternatives and writ its letter besides the item number in your answer booklet.

 

            (i) Bride price is a socio cultural value which encourage

  1. Family planning
  2. Extended family
  3. Early marriage
  4. Female genital multilation
  5. Polygamy

(ii) One of the following is not a socio cultural value

  1. FGM
  2. Food taboos
  3. Spouse beating
  4. Male circumcision

(iii) ____________are election conducted to fill vacant sets in the local government or parliament.

  1. General election
  2. By election
  3. Election petition
  4. Elections
  5. Appointed

(iv) People who fun away from their home country for fear of political, racial, religious or ethnic persecution are called?

  1. Orphans
  2. Migrants
  3. Refugees
  4. Duel citizens.
  5. mercenaries

(v) The UHURU TORCH symbolizes

  1. Freedom and work
  2. State power and economic base
  3. National defense
  4. Freedom and enlightment
  5. National development

(vi) The study of rights and responsibilities of citizens is known as______

  1. Constitution
  2. Civics
  3. Government
  4. Civic rights

(vii) Which of the following is not an indicator of poverty?

  1. Low per capital income
  2. High illiteracy rate
  3. Dependent economy
  4. Low mortality rate
  5. Environment destruction

(viii) The organs responsible for administering elections in Tanzania are:-

  1. REDET and TEMCO
  2. ZLSC and ILHR
  3. EAC and SADC
  4. ZEC and NEC
  5. CCM and CUF

(ix) One of the following encourages and cultivate values, knowledge and ability to perceive things

  1. Cooperative techniques
  2. Problem solving
  3. Initiation and mediation
  4. Life skills and promotion
  5. Guidance and counseling

(x) Under normal circumstances, a marriage is preceded by friendship between a man and a woman. Such friendship is called?

  1. Honeymoon
  2. Cohabitation
  3. Early marriage
  4. Courtship
  5. Infidelity

 

2. Match the items in List A with the correct responses in List B  by writing a letter of the corresponding response beside the item number.

 

List A

List B

  1. Development
  2. Is a feeling of confidence in yourself that you are a good and useful person
  3. A leader
  4. Dictatorial leadership
  5. Capital
  6. B.O.T.
  7. Bill of right
  8. National economy
  9. Matrillineal
  10. Nelson Mandela
  1. An outstanding defender of the South Africa Apartheid regime
  2. Children belong to the mother’s family
  3. The sum total of all incomes from all sectors of production.
  4. Equality to all human being, right to life and freedom of movement
  5. Bank of Tanzania
  6. Money which is meant to be used in running a business
  7. Kind of leadership obtained by force
  8. A person who leads a group of people, especially a head of country or an organization.
  9. Self – worth
  10. Improvement of quality of life
  11. National anthem
  12. By – election.

 

 

SECTION B: (20 Marks)

 

3. Answer all questions in this section.

Read the following passage and then answer the questions which follow:

 

The population of Tanzania has been growing at rate higher than 3 percent. However, food production and the economy have been growing at lower rates. The increase in population raises the demand for basic requirements of the people. It also put great pressure on the available natural resources. That is why a high growth rate of the population lead to deforestation, pollution, soil erosion, deterioration of the biosphere in general and conflicts in land use.

 

Population growth and deterioration in environmental quality have now become world problems. The combination of population increase, its distribution in the country and the use of natural resources tend to lead to serious problems. This is not only in Tanzania but also to many developing countries. Man has been the major agent of resource depletion which eventually cause environmental degradation. It is man’s activities that have degraded the land through its misuse and over use. Therefore, if population increase is not controlled, it will have adverse effects on both the environment and man.

 

When the number of people increase, the demands for food, water, arable land, wood fuel and building and other essential materials from the surrounding environment also increase. When the supply of such resources fall, life become difficult, social problem do arise etc. a bigger  population needs more resources for survival and development.

 

QUESTIONS:

  1. Suggest the suitable title for the passage
  2. What are the effects of a high growth of population
  3. According to the passage, what causes the rise of the demand for basic requirements of the people in Tanzania?
  4. Mention man’s activities that have degraded the land.

 

4. 

  1. Outline five (5) importance of team work
  2. List down any five (5) solution to improper behavior

 

 

 

SECTION C (60 marks)

Answer three questions in this section.

 

5. Discuss the caused and effects of poverty in Tanzania

 

6. “Tanzania is not a poor country. Discuss

 

7. Analyze problems facing the informal sector and then propose ways of improving this sector

 

8. Point out the factor for Economic Development

 

9. Highlight the challenges facing the provision of social services in Tanzania.

 

10. Discuss the impacts of  negative aspects of our cultural values.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM FOUR CIVICS EXAM SERIES 2

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