CODE: 013

TIME: 3 HOURS 28/06/2022


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with total of ten (10) questions
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and any two (2) questions in section C.
  3. Section A carries fifteen (15) marks, section B fifty five (55) marks and Section C
    carries thirty (30) marks.
  4. Cellular phones, programmable calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Map sheet of Kasamwa (sheet 3214 ) is provided..
  6. Write your examination number on every page of your answer sheet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

I . For each of the items (i-x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer sheet provided:

(i) The Earth's shape is flattered sphere which is called;

  1. Geodic
  2. Globe
  3. Galaxy
  4. Spheroid
  5. Cyclic

(ii) Rambo used to see a group of herdsmen moving periodically with their cattle between lowlands and highlands in search for water and pasture. Which term refers to such movement?

  1. Pastoralism
  2. Zero grazing
  3. Transhumance
  4. Nomadism
  5. Destocking

(iii) It was a wonderful event after several years when a river becomes young again in its valley. Identify the process that took place

  1. Regime
  2. Delta
  3. Capture
  4. Abrasion
  5. Rejuvenation

(iv) Fold Mountains are the result of

  1. Compressional forces
  2. Faulting
  3. Folding
  4. Tensional forces
  5. Tilting

(v) The industry which deals with making new products from the processed raw materials is referred to as:

  1. Fabricating industries
  2. Light industries
  3. Processing industries
  4. Manufacturing industries
  5. Decortication industries Page 2 of 6

(vi) The President of the United Republic of Tanzania was addressing the Nation at noon in Dar es Salaam 45°E. At a time, Tanzanians in the Diaspora were streaming the speech live from England at 08:00am. What was the longitude of England?

  1. 15°E
  2. 15°W
  3. 60°E
  4. 60°W
  5. 75°W

(vii) Tanzania used to conduct her National census after every ten years which type of census is this?

  1. Decennial census
  2. De Facto census
  3. De jurecensus
  4. Quinquennialcensus
  5. National census

(viii) What is the socio-economic advantage of reserved forests to the society?

  1. Tourism
  2. Mining
  3. Lumbering
  4. Forestry
  5. Agroforestry

(ix) Mr Maurice and his colleagues enjoyed the temperature of Mtwara which was 32°C at sea level.

They had a plan to travel to visit Babati for their vacation which is 1500m above the sea level. What will be the temperature they expect to experience during their visit in Babati?

  1. 23°C
  2. 41°C
  3. 0.6°C
  4. 9 °C
  5. 20°C

(x) The extensive highland areas with more or less uniform summit level bounded by one or more steep slope side is called:

  1. Hill
  2. Plateaus
  3. Residual
  4. Basin
  5. Horst

2. Match the description of extrusive volcanic features in Column A with corresponding feature in Column B by writing the letter of the correct answer beside the item number in the answer sheet provided:

Column A

Column B

(i) A pillar like feature formed when a mass of very
viscous lava is forced out of the earth's crust by explosive eruption caused by high pressure.

(ii) A funnel-shaped volcanic depression formed at
upper end of volcanic vent.

(iii) A natural hot spring from the ground that discharges steam and hot water into the air

(iv) An enlarged volcanic depression formed by denudation activities on small depression or further eruptions.

(v) A volcanic feature where steam, mud and several gases are emitted.

  1. Fumaroles
  2. Hot springs
  3. Volcanic plug
  4. Caldera
  5. Crater
  6. Fissure volcano
  7. Geysers
  8. Solfatara

SECTION B: (55 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section

3. Carefuly study the map extract of Kasamwa (sheet 32/4) provided and answer the following questions;

  1. By giving concrete examples from the map, describe three (3) types of natural vegetation found on the mapped area.
  2. Use evidences to describe the types of settlement and nature of distribution patterns.
  3. Calculate the area of Eastern part of the mapped area from 38 easting using square method. Give your answer in square kilometers
  4. In which hemisphere is the mapped area located? Give evidence for your answer
  5. Suggest two (2) factors which could have affected the content of the map.

4. Maro and Kibwana are working in one of the village store as store keepers. They always record data for food crops ( in Kg) graphically. Use the graph they presented to answer the questions that follows:

  1. Give the name of graph
  2. From the graph above, construct the variables table that they used to draw the graph
  3. State three (3) other applicable methods of presenting the same data
  4. List down five (5) main procedures can be followed to present the data graphically

5. (a) What is sampling as applied in research?

(b) Explain four (4) probability sampling techniques as applied in research.

(c) Miss Helen decided to conduct a research on why Ochilo district has ranked the last in National Examination results. She decided to visit a Regional-Library before going to the actual field work. Provide six (6) reasons for Miss Helen's visit to the Regional Library.

6. Bwana Mavunde is a good surveyor; he intended to construct a football playing ground in Dodoma city. 

(a) Suggest the surveying technique suitable for his project

(b) Identify main two (2) equipment that would be useful in this project

(c) Give, four (4) significance ofthe method you identified in (a) above

(d) Identify and explain three (3) types of errors he may encounter off.

7. Carefully study the photograph below and answer question that follows:

  1. Name the activity taking place in the photograph
  2. Give three (3) importance of the activity you have named to the economy of the country like Tanzania.
  3. With two (2) reasons suggest the type of photograph showed above
  4. `What are the three (3) negative impacts of the activity to the environment?
  5. What is the scale of the activity you have named in (a) above

SECTION C (30 marks)

Answer any two (2) questions from this section

8. Suppose you are appointed by the President Samia Sulu Hassan to be the campaign manager to mobilize Tanzanians to participate fully in National Census of August 2022.Use six (6) points to show how you will convince each individual to participate in the national enumeration.

9. "Economic growth can be accelerated by industrialization". As an educated person, demonstrate to your community on how industries promote economic growth of individual and nation at large? (Use six (6) points).

10. Hydro-Electric power has been a backbone of energy supply in Tanzania for a long time. Explain in six (6) points, why Tanzania takes long time to establish hydro Electric power at Rufiji River Basin (Stigler's Gorge Power Plant)?



ohongss kigoma






  1. This paper consists of three sections A, B and C with a total of 10 questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.
  3. Map Extract of Mbeya (sheet 244/4) is provided.


Answer all questions in section

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the answer sheet (s) provided

i) Which of the following planets is closest to the sun? 

  1. Earth 
  2. Jupiter 
  3. mars 
  4. Mercury 
  5. Neptune

ii) Overgrazing in Tanzania can lead to environmental problems. Identify the regions might have been affected by the problem;

  1. Dodoma, Arusha and Shinyanga
  2. Morogoro, Dar es salaam and Tanga
  3. Pwani, Mbeya and Rukwa
  4. Mwanza , Singida and Tabora
  5. Manyara , Iringa and Dodoma

iii) Edvan at Panda Hill Secondary School had an interest in conducting a geographical research on challenges street children face in cities. What will be the last stage for his research?

  1. Data collection 
  2. Data presentation 
  3. Report writing 
  4. Data analysis 
  5. Data processing

iv) when the moon’s shadow casts over the earth’s surface the phenomenon is known as

  1. Lunar eclipse 
  2. Solar eclipse 
  3. Equinoxes 
  4. Summer solstice 
  5. Winter solstice

v) What are the four types of statistical data basing on their nature?

  1. Individual data, discrete data, raw data and secondary data
  2. Individual data, discrete data , grouped data and continuous data
  3. Primary data, secondary data, grouped data and collective data
  4. Individual data, grouped data, statistical data and discrete data
  5. Raw data, continuous data , primary data and array data

vi) The minimum and maximum temperature recorded is used to calculate;

  1. Daily range of temperature 
  2. Annual temperature 
  3. Monthly temperature
  4. Alcohol temperature 
  5. Relative temperature

Vii) Rain water which flows on the surface without following a proper channel is called

  1. Groundwater 
  2. River 
  3. Runoff 
  4. Spring 
  5. Well

viii) Suppose you are asked to identify the sources of physical hazards. Which among the following is the best answer?

  1. Pathogenic bacteria 
  2. Social – cultural practices 
  3. Skin contact with acids 
  4. Drug abuse 
  5. Solar radiation

ix) Mr. Bakari is a peasant at Ifakara in Morogoro who applies proper methods of farming. Identify some proper methods of farming Mr. Bakari uses which suit him

  1. Terracing, overgrazing and contour ploughing 
  2. contour ploughing, crop rotation and mulching 
  3. Recycling, bush fallowing and terracing 
  4. Terracing, overgrazing and crop rotation 
  5. Shifting cultivation, terracing and overstocking

x) Which among the following atmospheric gases is not one of the greenhouse gases?

  1. Carbon dioxide 
  2. Carbon monoxide 
  3. Methane 
  4. Nitrous oxide 
  5. Chlorofluorocarbon

2. Match the descriptions of Population concepts provided in LIST A with their corresponding

Concepts in LIST B by writing the letter of correct answer in the sheet(s) provided



  1. The composition of number of males and females
  2. The spreading of people in geographical unit
  3. Determined by mortality , fertility and migration of people
  4. Information pertaining to people living in a geographical unit
  5. Statement dealing with a population issue in a specific country
  1. Population distribution
  2. Population size
  3. Population change
  4. Population structure
  5. Population pressure
  6. Population policy
  7. Population data


Answer all questions in section

3. Carefully study the map exact of Mbeya (sheet 244/4) provided, then answer the following



  1. By giving evidence from the map, describe two methods used to show relief on the mapped area.
  2. With supporting evidence from the map, name four social economic activities carried out in the area.
  3. Name any two ways of expressing the scale of the map that have been used.
  4. Measure the length of the road from grid reference 425130 to 448131 in kilometers, if Khamis covered the area by a bus and turned back
  5. Giving examples, describe the major types of transport of the mapped area

4. Carefully study the weather data for a station in Australia and answer the questions that follow;



























Rainfall (mm)













a) Calculate the annual mean temperature for the station

b) Determine the rainfall range

c) Calculate the mean daily temperature

d) Present the temperature and rainfall distribution in a simple graph

e) Identify the type of the climate of the station

5. Suppose you want to conduct a research about a certain issue as directed by your research class teacher

i)Outline any seven steps to be followed chronologically

ii) List down any five advantages of research output in the society.

6. There was a serious conflict between farmers whose plots was nearby each other. They tried to resettle the conflict but they failed and later on they decided to consult the Village Executive Officer to seek the resolution. The Village Executive Officer decided to send the village land resolution team to the field. The team decided to use the method of linear measurement.

  1. Identify the method of taking measurement used
  2. List down any four instruments that were used
  3. If the team consisted of three personnel’s in taking linear measurement. Who are those?
  4. Describe any four significances of using the method identified in ( a) above

7. Study carefully the given photograph below then answer the questions that follow


  1. What is the title of the photograph?
  2. State the scale of the production
  3. Outline any four regions in Tanzania where the photograph might have been taken
  4. What are the three necessary conditions that favour the growth of the crop shown on the photograph above?
  5. List down any four uses of the crop shown on the photograph


Answer any two questions in this section

7. You have met five Form Two students debating that the current modification of infrastructures In Dar es Salaam is wastage of public funds as long as the capital city is officially in Dodoma, basing on the settlement functions of Dar es Salaam city, explain how you would Convince them on the importance of developing its infrastructures.(provide any six points)

8. Population over the earth’s surface is not evenly due to different factors. Describe any six factors for uneven population over the earth’s surface

9. Kawaida’s grandmother believes that studying of Geography in the current globalized world is wastage of time since each and everything can be accessed through social networks, television or internet. By giving six points with vivid examples proof that studying of Geography is significant in our daily life.






(For Both School and Private Candidates)

 Time 3:00 Hours 6th JUNE 2022


1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C

2. Answer all questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C.

3. Section A carries fifteen 15 marks, sections B fifty five (55) marks and section C carries thirty (30) marks

4. Map extract of Lembeni (sheet 73/3) is provided

5. Programmable calculators, cellular phones, and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.

6. Write your examination number on every page of your answer booklet (s)


 Answer all questions in this section

1. For each of the following items (i) - (x) choose the correct answer and write its letter beside the number

i.Mr. Majaliwa wanted to dig a dam for the purpose of obtaining water of his goats and garden during dry season, but he did wrong and he dug on the area with the rocks which allow further percolation of the water. As skilled geography student do you think Mr. Majaliwa he dug his dam on which type of rocks?

  1. Permeable rocks 
  2. Hard rocks 
  3. Soft rocks
  4. Impermeable rocks 
  5. Igneous rock 

ii.Marry is form four student in Kaloleni secondary school, he was given task by her teacher to measure a road on map from Iringa to Dodoma, which instrument would you advice marry in order to get accurate measurement of a given road on a map?

  1. Pair of divider 
  2. Pair of scissors 
  3. A thread
  4. Ruler 
  5. Razor blade 

iii. Assume you have given a task to identify the proper arrangement of the first five planets of the solar system according to the distance from the sun starting with the nearest planet. Which one of the following set will be the best set of arrangement of the first five planets of the solar system?

  1. Mercury, Earth, Venus, Saturn, and Mars
  2. Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars and Jupiter
  3. Venus, Mercury, Mars, earth and Venus
  4. Mars, Earth, Mercury, Jupiter and Venus
  5. Mercury, Jupiter, Earth, Venus and Uranus

iv.Basing on knowledge you have acquired in class when you are studying geological time scale, what was the geological event that took place in Jurassic era?

  1. Volcanic activity 
  2. Deposition of marine surface sediments 
  3. Ice age mountains
  4. Down warping of the earth’s
  5. Glaciation of east African 

v.The T.M.A announced the temperature of Dar es Salaam 100 meter above the sea level is 290C. What will be the temperature of Dodoma 800 meter above the sea level?

  1. 33.20
  2. 20.80C
  3. 320C
  4. 24.80C  
  5. 4.20C

vi. According to approach there are two types of census which are de facto and de jure. Do you think which among of the following series of distractors is true about de jure census?

  1. people who stay in the household for the night are counted
  2. is only done for every five years
  3. only permanent members of the household are counted
  4. is only done for every ten years
  5. only people who died are counted per household

vii. Asha is farmer from Nguvumali village, he went to agricultural officer to ask on type of soil with clearly distinguishable horizons which occur in definite regions of climate and vegetation. Which of the following type of the soil which Asha asked to agricultural officer?

  1. Intrazonal
  2. Zonal soil 
  3. Ozonal soil
  4. Clay soil 
  5. Desert soil 

viii. Miriam she failed to identify the type of tropical climates that have the largest diurnal temperature range after being asked by his young sister? Which of the following will be the best answer for question asked to Asha?

  1. Tropical monsoon 
  2. Mediterranean climate
  3. Hot deserts
  4. Equatorial climate
  5. Cold deserts 

ix. Taifa Stars scored a goal against Malawi in Town Y 150E at 4:00 pm. At what time will commentator at Town X 630W will communicate a goal?

  1. 4:47 pm
  2. 10:48 am
  3. 11:12 am
  4. 1:48 pm
  5. 6:12 pm 

x.Junior he visited at lower section of Ruaha River found in Iringa, but he observed various features at that stage of river. Do you think which among the following are examples of features might be observed by Junior?

  1. Ox-bow lake, U-shaped valley and interlocking spur
  2. Meanders, alluvium and U-shaped valley
  3. Meanders, deposition and flood plain
  4. Braided rivers, distributaries and delta
  5. Braided rivers, distributaries and arête

2. Match the items in LIST A with the response in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number.



i. Large depression formed when several doline collapse

ii. Irregular groves formed when water erodes the cracks in the karst region

iii. Underground chambers formed due to dissolving of limestone rocks

iv. Stumpy rock masses that grow from the floor of the chamber upwards

v. The vertical shaft of the hole from the surface into the ground

  1. Grikes
  2. Ponors
  3. Stalactites
  4. Clints
  5. Polje
  6. Sinkholes
  7. Stalagmites
  8. Cavern
  9. Uvala
  10. cave


Answer all questions in this section

3. Study the map extract of Lembeni (sheet 73/3) then answer the following questions

a) Calculate the area of the whole map of Lembeni in Km2 by using grid square method

b) By evidences suggest any four (4) economic activities that might be taking place in the area

c) Calculate length of all-weather road from grid reference 468762 to 542782 in Km d)In which hemisphere is the mapped area is located?

e) Describe four (4) drainage pattern of the area.

4. Study carefully the data below that show the enrollment of form six students at Bagamoyo secondary school from 1980-1985 the answer the questions that follows;















a) present the data above by pie chart

b) comment on the trend of the pie chart in (a) above

c) What are the merits of using this method Apart from that method use in (a) above. Give three (3) points

d) What are alternative methods that can be used to present the data above? Give two (2) points.

5. The geography Teacher of Galanos Secondary School taught his student’s survey topic theoretically when they were in class room, the next day wants to do it practically and he told them to find the materials that will be used to draw the map of their school compound. The teacher wants one among of his student to go and demonstrate the procedure that will be used in their surveying process.

i. Suggest the type of land survey that will be used on their surveying process.

ii.Describe any five (5) instruments that will be used in the type of survey named (a) above. iii. What are the merits of the type of survey used in (a) above. Give three (3) points

iv. Do you think which methods of booking details in a field notebook used after they have been taken from the field while conducting surveying process? Explain two (2) those main methods used.

6. Suppose you want to conduct a research about millet production in your district from 2008 to 2018 and your interest is to know whether the production has increased or decrease. Your plan is to consult farmers who were directly involved in the maize production for the said period and visit the District Agriculture Officer for more information. 

a) What will be the best research approach for your study?

b) Name the main source of data for your study.

c) Identify two (2) individuals who will be respondents for your study.

d) Mention other six (6) possible sources of research problem for the similar study

7. Study carefully the following photograph then answer the questions that follows


a) With two (2) evidences name the type of photograph shown

b) What is the activity taking place on the photograph?

c) By giving two (2) evidences, suggest the possible climate type whereby the activity you mentioned in (b) above is likely to taking place?

d) What will happen to the environment if the activity you mentioned in (b) above be conducted in large scale? Give four (4) points


Choose only two questions in this section

8. “By destroying the environment man prepare for his own destruction” with example discuss this statement giving six (6) points.

9. Plantation is the most form of agriculture practiced in tropical region of Africa, Asia and South America. Justify six (6) characteristics of plantations practiced in these areas.

10. In the incoming year 2022, Tanzania is expecting to endure census. What are benefits that Tanzania government will gain after conducting census processes? With example provide six (6) points.






TIME : 3:00HRS


  • This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  • Answer all questions in section A and B and any two (2) questions from section C. 
  • Map extract of Kigoma (sheet 92/3) is provided.
  • Programmable calculators, cellular phones and unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  • Write your examination number on every page of your answer booklet(s).


Answer all questions in this section

1 For each of the items (i — x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the answer bracket (s) provided.

(i) The Earth have different evidences that proves that the Earth is spherical. What do you think that this is one among those evidences?

  1. The four seasons
  2. The lunar eclipse
  3. The revolution of the Earth
  4. The Earth rotation
  5. The eclipse of the sun

(ii) If the scale of a map is 1: 50,000 what will be the actual ground distance of a river with 18cm on a map?

  1. 91m 
  2. 2km 
  3. 18000km 
  4. 4Km
  5. 900,000 km

(iii) The forceful emission of hot water from the ground into the atmosphere is known as

  1. Geyser 
  2. Well 
  3. Hot spring
  4. Pond 
  5. Dyke 

(iv) If the temperature at 950 metres is 240 C What is the temperature of Kilimanjaro 5895 metres above the sea level?

  1. 10.240 C
  2. 340 C
  3. 5.67C
  4. 18.50 C
  5. 320 C

(v) A drainage pattern which works likc a trcc with its branches is called

  1. Radial 
  2. Dendritic 
  3. Centripetal 
  4. Annual 
  5. Trells

(vi) A vertical feature formed out of the solidification of magma within the Earth's crust is called

  1. Localita
  2. sill 
  3. lopolith 
  4. Dykc 
  5. Phacolith

(vii) The process of peeling off of rock mass is called

  1. Disintegration 
  2. Weathering 
  3. Mass wasting
  4. Erosion 
  5. Exfoliation

(viii) Various methods are used in the mining activities depending on the occurrence of the concerned mineral, easiness of the method and cost. The following are the common methods of mining except

  1. Strip method 
  2. Placer method 
  3. Open cast method
  4. Underground method 
  5. Gold, zinc and copper

(ix) The following arc the element of weather

  1. Soils, clouds, dew, humidity, rainfall
  2. Pressure, clouds, sunshine, humidity, winds 
  3. Fog, barometer, humidity, pressure, air mass
  4. Pressure, humidity, soil, fog, rainfall
  5. Clouds, sunshine, pressure, humidity, thermometer

(x) Form of metamorphism which affects large area with the influence of pressure only

  1. Contact metamorphism 
  2. Dynamic metamorphism
  3. Local metamorphism
  4. Thermal metamorphism
  5. Diastrophism

2. Match the items in List A with the responses in list B by writing the letter Of the correct responses beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.



(i) Fineness and coarsened of soil particles 

(ii) Removal of materials from the surface of the land

(iii) Vertical section of the soil to the underlying rocks

(iv) Status of soil with respect to amount elements necessary for plants

(v) Residues that have decomposed and mixed with soil mass

  1. Soil type
  2. Soil profile
  3. Loamy soil
  4. Soil texture 
  5. Soil structure
  6. Soil fertility
  7. Soil organic matters
  8. Soil chemistry
  9. Soil erosion
  10. Soil water
  11. Soil air

SECTION B ( 55 Marks)

3. Study carefully the map extract of Kigoma (sheet 92/3) and then answer the questions that follows.

(a) Identity the features that found in the following grid references

  1. 923617 
  2. 945599 
  3. 910596

(b) Calculate the area of lake Tanganyika from 570 Southward. Give your answer in Km2

(c) What is the length of the railway line from grid reference 944633 Eastward. Give your answer in Km.

(d) With evidence suggest the type of settlement patterns depicted in the map.

(e) By providing evidences, explain three (3) human economic activities and two (2) social activities that might be taking place in the area.

4. The following table indicates scores of Geography weekly test for some form four students at Mwakalel Secondary School in 2021.

Student's name












(a) Present the data by means of divergence bar graph

(b) Give two merits and two demerits of the methods used.

5. (a) Mary is a good cartographer, she intends to produce a contoured map of Morogoro. What type of survey method would you advise her to apply.

(b) A part from producing contoured maps what is the other significance of the survey you have mentioned in (a) above.

(c) Mention and explain uses of any three instruments which are used in a method you mentioned in (a) above.

6. Kibwena is studying in a boarding school at Kigoma but his home is in Tarime District where he used to observe several conflicts between farmers and pastoralists. In his third week in school he heard through, the radio that, a farmer was killed by the pastoralist in his home village he decided to conduct research about the conflict.

(a) Suggest the statement of the problem for his research.

(b) Identify two sources of that research problem

(c) Elaborate four (4) possible research tools he could use during data collection,

(d) Explain three significance or conducting that research.

7. Carefully study the following photograph and answer the questions that follows:-

(a) By giving two reasons, identify the type of photograph

(b) With evidences, suggest two climates of the area

(c) Name the feature found at the background of the photograph.

(d) Give one reason, why the major trees shown in the photograph have no leaves?

(e) Why the images of trees at the fore ground seems to be large than those trees at the back ground even if are of the same size?

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Development of transport and communication system takes place fast where there is enough capital. But lack of capital leads to poor and slow development of transport and communication. Therefore the government should invest more capital to constructing good infrastructure because of the major importance that are found within this sector. Give six importance of transport and communication to any nation.

9. With examples describe cultural beliefs which influence high fertility or birthrate in developing countries lake Tanzania as your reference (provide six (6) points).

10. "Manufacturing industry plays a great role to the economic development of a country?' clarify any six (6) constrains which face the development of textile industry in Tanzania.





(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3:00 Hours Wednesday 5th August 2020 p.m.


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C, with total of ten (10) questions
  2. Answer ALL questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C
  3. Map extract of (265/2) Ilonga Sheet is provided
  4. Credit will be given for the use of recreant diagrams
  5. Write your examination number on each answer sheet you have used.

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

1. For each of the items (i) – (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) What is a proper name for the study of the description of the earth?

  1. solar system 
  2. Astronomy 
  3. Geography
  4. Environment 
  5. Metrology

(ii) You have been visited the coastal area of Bagamoyo and you find the forests with deep roots and roots project above the mud and water to absorb oxygen, what kind of forest is that?

  1. Tropical forest 
  2. Mangrove forest 
  3. Coniferous forest
  4. Deciduous forest 
  5. Temperate forest

(iii) If the time at town X is 150E is 12:00 noon what could be the longitude town Y if it is 8:00 am?

  1. 150
  2. 300
  3. 300E
  4. 450
  5. 450E

(iv) Mrs Kilua was wondering how fragments are worn out during collision against each other at Kondoa river during rainy season, her daughter tells her that process is known as ……

  1. Hydraulic action 
  2. Attrition 
  3. Abrasion
  4. Corrosion 
  5. Hydrolysis

(v) The Maasai around Oldonyo Lengai mountain were wondering the way mountain vomiting fire and smoke, they believe that the mountain was possessed by bad evils, tell them is not evils but is …………..

  1. Volcanic eruptions 
  2. Tectonic movements 
  3. Mass wasting
  4. Fire from God 
  5. Faulting

(vi) Suppose you want to carry out a field study on the atmospheric conditions suitable for growth of maize on a farm village. What are the best weather components to be considered…?

  1. Rainfall and wind 
  2. Rainfall and could cover
  3. Moisture and sunshine 
  4. Rainfall and temperature
  5. Pressure and humidity

(vii) Last year people of Bukoba District experience shaking of crustal rocks which lead to destruction of properties and death of people. Where this shaking does originated inside the earth’s crust?

  1. At the focus 
  2. At the epicentre
  3. At the fault 
  4. At the Lake Victoria

(viii) The process of peeling off and falling of rock mass is called

  1. Disintegration 
  2. Weathering 
  3. Mass wasting
  4. Erosion 
  5. Exfoliation

(ix) Workers who were working at Government offices in Dar es salaam are now moving to Dodoma as their new offices. Identify the type of that movement

  1. Migrants 
  2. Emigrants 
  3. Emigration
  4. Immigration 
  5. Immigrants

(x) Recently in Rwanda the land with their vegetation was sliding down a slope and people were busy in taking photos and wondering to that situation, tell them what type of geological process was taking place

  1. Erosion and deposition 
  2. Denudation and transportation
  3. Land slide and erosion 
  4. Mass wasting and transportation
  5. Landslide and deposition

2. Match the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer sheet provided.



  1. Fineness and coarseness of soil particles
  2. Removal of materials from surface of land
  3. Vertical section of the soil to the underlying rocks
  4. Status of soil with respect to amount of elements necessary for plants growth
  5. Residues that have decomposed and mixed with soil mass
  1. Soil type
  2. Soil profile
  3. loam soil
  4. soil texture
  5. Soil structure
  6. Soil fertility
  7. Soil organic matters
  8. Soil chemistry
  9. Soil erosion
  10. Soil water
  11. Soil air

SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions from this section

3 Study the map extract of Ilonga (sheet 265/2) and answer the following questions.

  1. Measure the distance covered by the river in kilometre from grid reference 630000 to 600979
  2. Use the square methods to calculate the area covered by Namihondo pond.
  3. With evidence, mention three (3) economic activities which may be conducted on a mapped area
  4. Describe the nature of relief of the area
  5. With one reason, suggest the type of climate
  6. Identify any three (3) factors which have influenced the population distribution of Ilonga town.

4. Carefully study the data below which shows the exports of tea from Kilimanjaro in tones.




 (In Tonnes)





















  1. Name the two simplest methods of presenting the data
  2. Outline two values of presenting the data by simple methods mentioned in (a) above
  3. Present the given statistical data by using divergent bar graph.

5 (a) Mary is a good cartographer; she intends to produce a contoured map of Morogoro. What type of survey method would you advise her to apply?

(b) Apart from producing contour maps, what is the other significance of the survey you have mentioned in (a) above

(c) Mention and explain uses of any three instruments which are used in method you mentioned in (a) above

6. (i) what is a research data?

(ii) Research is a backbone for any institution, elaborate this statement by five points.

(iii) Mention three differences between interview and questionnaire.

7. Study carefully the photograph below then answers the questions that follow: -

Geography (1)

  1. Name the type of photograph
  2. Describe the possible climate of the area
  3. Suggest four economic activities that might be taking place in the area
  4. Suggest three possible regions in Tanzania where the photograph might have been taken

SECTION C. (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Explain any six objectives of constructing the Stigler’s gorge hydro- electric power in Tanzania.

9. Mage’s grandmother used to cultivate many crops in small area, using local seeds and hand hoe and now she is blaming that she harvests nothing in five years and she is complaining that her neighbours are the one who cause this problem. Explain to her six ways on how she can improve her farming system instead of complaining to her neighbours.

10. Explain six human factors which influences population distribution and density in Tanzania


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