By the end of this topic, the student should be able to;
KEY TERMS AND CONCEPTS.
Q. What is a Nation?
A nation is a group of people who have the same government, culture, economy and history. Examples of nations are Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, Mozambique, Zambia, DRC, Rwanda and Burundi.
There are 54 nations in Africa.
COMPONENTS OF OUR NATION
There are seven main components that make our nation. These components are
Is an area of land that has boundaries and is under the control of a government. Our country, the United Republic of Tanzania was formed on 26th April 1964. On that day, Tanganyika and Zanzibar were unified to from one country. The total area covered by our country is 945,000km2.
Tanzania is bounded the following countries;-
Is the freedom that a country has to govern itself? This means that there is no external power that controls that country.
Types of sovereignty
(1) Internal sovereignty
Is where a country has the power to supervise all its internal affairs? Tanganyika became a sovereign state on 9th December 1961 and Zanzibar got its sovereignty on 10th Dec 1963.
(2) External sovereignty
Is where a country has the freedom to form its foreign policy? Tanzania is a sovereign state.
It has both internal and external sovereignty.
Is the selected or elected group of people who are responsible for controlling a country or
state . The government is the body of people which administers the sate and maintains law
and order? The government is a body which runs the sate machinery.
In Tanzania we use the republic system of government. This means that the country is led by a president and politicians who have elected by the people.
Are the persons who belong to a particular country in 2006, the population of Tanzania was estimated to be 37,445,392 people .The Tanzania people have their own central government national language , common culture and history.
Language is the system of communication, mostly in speech and writing that is used by the people of a particular society Tanzania has more than 130 tribes that speak their tribe’s languages but the national language such as Kiswahili is known as LINGUA FRANCA.
Culture refers to the customs and belief of a particular group of people. It also includes people art, way of life and social organization. Culture is the totality of people’s ways of life as they struggle to live, to continue living and to develop as a nation.
History refer to the past events that occurred in the development of a nation .Tanzania as a nation has a long history that includes events from pre-colonial ,colonial and past –colonial times.
A symbol s a sign that represents something else National symbols are signs which represent national. These symbols are very important as they serve as a reminder of our nationhood to us and to the rest of the worlds.
Our national symbols are
The National anthem is the official song of the nation. It is played or sung on special events occasions, for example
SIGNIFICANCE OF OUR NATIONAL ANTHEM
This was the day Tanganyika got her independence from Britain.
Lighting the torch on the mountain was symbols. it symbolized the illumination of the whole country
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE UHURU TORCH
Currency is the system of money that a country uses. Our national currency s the Tanzanian shilling. Currency is also called money. Money is used for measuring value , trading and paying for goods and services in a country
Tanzania money is in the form of notes and coins .The value of Tanzanian money is calculated in Tanzanian shillings.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE NATIONAL CURRENCY
The coast of arms is the government Logo or emblem. It is the official seal or stamp of the government.
COMPONENTS OF THE COAST OF ARMS
Our coast of arms has twelve (12) components. These Components represent various interests, such as state power, economic based, national culture and history. Their components of coat of arm are:
Significance of the coast of arms
(a) It is used as a symbols of authority and the government official seal
(b) It symbolized our national culture and history
(c) It symbolized state power and economic bases
E: NATIONAL FLAG
The national flag is a piece of cloth with a special colored design. Our flag has four colors (green, golden yellow , black and blue).
(a) Green – represents the vegetation of our country
(b) Golden yellow – represents minerals wealth of the country
(c) Black – represent the skin color of Tanzanians
(d) Blue – Represents water bodies found in the country.
Significance of the national flag
(a) It is a symbol of our independence
(b) It symbolizes the water bodies in the country
F : CONSTITUTION
The constitution is a system of laws and basic principles that a state, a country or an organization is governed by it provides guidelines which the society must follow. Our country is ruled according to the constitution that was enacted (officially became law) in 1977.
Significance of the constitution
The presidential standard is a flag which is used during official ceremonies where the president is in attendance. It has a green background with a blue border and the coast of arms in the middle.
The coat of arms on the presidential standard has no crops, human figures or the peak of mount Kilimanjaro.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE PRESIDENTIAL STANDARD
(a) It symbolizes the authority of the president
(b) It is a state symbol of the president
NATIONAL FESTIVALS ARE DAYS WHEN WE CELEBRATE
National festivals are days when we celebrate important national events. Such days are usually public holidays. There are civil and religious national festivals and holidays. The government recognizes these days as days of national significance.
CIVIC NATIONAL FESTIVALS AND HOLIDAYS
1. INDEPENDENCE DAY:
It is marked on 9th Dec every year. Tanganyika got her independence on 9th December 1961 and a year later she became a republic on 9th December 1962. Government officials , including the president , address the people on this day
2. REVOLUTION DAY
On 12th January 1964, the people of Zanzibar overthrew the sultans government .They formed a new government under the leadership of the late sheikh Abeid Aman Karume . Tanzanians celebrate Revolution day on 12th January every year.
3. UNION DAY
On 26th April 1964 , Tanganyika and Zanzibar united to form the United Republic of Tanzania Sheikh Abeid Aman Karume who was then the president of Zanzibar and was then the president of Tanganyika signed an agreement that united the two countries
They also mixed soil from Tanganyika and Zanzibar as a sign of Unification.
4. SABA SABA DAY
Tanganyika African National Union (TANU) the political party which mobilized the people of Tanganyika to struggle for independence was formed on 7th July 1954. To remember this day , the government has established an annual trade exhibition which s held at Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere Grounds along Kilwa Road n Dar es salaam.
5. FARMERS DAY
This day is celebrated on 8th August every year. It is also known as Nane nane day. On this day, formers and traders exhibit their agricultural products, farm implements and machinery. Each year one region in the country is chosen to host the national exhibition.
6. NYERERE DAY
Every 14th October, Tanzanians remember the death of the first president of Tanzania Mwalimu Julius Kambarage Nyerere.
7. KARUME DAY
On 7th April every year, Tanzanians commemorate the day , the first president of Zanzibar Sheikh Abeid Aman Karume was assassinated.
8. NEW YEARS DAY
This holidays fall on the first day on January every year. People celebrate the start of a new year. This is an international holiday.
9. MAY DAY
May day is an international holiday. It’s known as Labor Day. It is observed on the first day of may every year. They may day holidays result from the efforts of labor movements in many countries around the world. This day is set aside to celebrate the economic and social achievements of workers.
RELIGIOUS NATIONAL HOLIDAYS AND FESTIVALS
1. CHRISTMAS DAY;
Is marked on 25th December every year. On this day Christians remember the birth of Jesus Christ. Christians celebrate Christmas by having church services.
Boxing Day is marked on26th December every year. It is the day when Christians day. Christians continue their Christmas celebrations on this day.
2. GOOD FRIDAY AND EASTER MONDAY
The dates to mark these days change according to the Christian calendar. These dates usually fall between March and April. On these days, Christians commemorate the suffering of Jesus Christ, his death and his resurrection.
3. MAULID DAY
This is a day Muslims celebrate the birth of Prophet Muhammad. According to the Islamic calendar, Prophet Muhammad was born on 12th Rabiut –Awal in 570 AD.
4. EID – EL – FITR
This is the day Muslims celebrate the end of fasting during the holy month of Ramadan. The end of Ramadan depends on the sighting of the moon. On this day, Muslims give alms to the poor .They eat together and visit one another. It is one of the happiest days for Muslims.
5. EID –EL- HAJJ
This is the day Muslims celebrate the end of the pilgrimage to Mecca. On the day of Eid –el –Hajj, 10th Dhul-Hajj according to the Islamic calendar Muslims slaughter goats and sheep and eat together.
SIGNIFICANCE OF NATIONAL FESTIVALS AND PUBLIC HOLIDAYS;
END OF TOPIC QUESTIONS.
1. During Maulid day, Muslims celebrate;
2. Sheik Abeid Karume was assassinated on:
3. Which is not a component of a Nation?
4. Which of the following countries do not border Tanzania?
5. Freedom of a country to govern itself is called?
6. Customs and beliefs of particular group of people is
7. Which is not a national symbol?
8. Red band on coat of arms represents
9. Golden yellow colour on National flag represents
10. One significance of constitution is that:
FILL IN THE BLANKS
11. National festivals are days when we celebrate__________________________
12._____________are days when most offices and businesses are closed
13. There are two types of National festivals and holidays . These are)___________________and______________
14. Tanganyika and Zanzibar united on to form the United Republic of Tanzania . This day is called__________________________
15. On _______________day ,farmers and traders exhibit their agricultural products , implements and machineries.
16. Tanzanian do not go to work on 14th October each year became we remember the death of _______________this day is called_____________
17. Tanganyika became a republic on_________________
18. _____________ is a public holiday because Muslims mark the end of fasting during the holy Month of Ramadan
19. ____________and______________are national holidays which are also international holidays
20. On 7th April each year, Tanzanians remember the death of____________This day is called_________________
21. MATCH THE STATEENTS IN A WITH THE CORRECT HOLIDAYS IN B.
a) Maulid day
b) Christmas Day
c) Good Friday
12th Rabiul –Awal
d) Revolution day
Suffering and death of Jesus Christ
e) independence day
22. ANSWER THE FOLLOWING QUESTIONS
a) Two human figures
b) Shield and spear
c) Crossed axe and hoe
d) Golden band on the upper part of the shield.