FORM TWO MIDTERM EXAMS SERIES

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA

PRESIDENTS OFFICE

REGIONAL ADMINSTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

MID TERM  EXAMINATION –AUG 2021

ENGLISH LANGUAGE

TIME: 2:30 HRS 

INSTRUCTIONS

  1. This paper consists of section A , B , C and D.
  2. Answer all questions in all sections.
  3. Write your examination number on every page of your answer sheet.
  4. Mobile phones are not allowed in examination room.

 

SECTION A ( 25 MARKS )

COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY.

 

  1. Read the following passage below then answer the questions that follows.

It is very easy to acquire bad habits such as eating too many sweets, or drinking too much fluid or any kind of smoking. The more we do the thing the more we tend to like doing it. If we do not continue to do it , we will feel unhappy. This is called the force of habit and the force of habit should be taught again.

One of the most widely spread habits is the use of tobacco. Tobacco is now smoked or chewed by men often by women and even by children. Almost all over the world. It was brought into Africa by Whiteman from America. I doubt whether there is any good in the habit and it is difficult to get rid of the habit once it has been formed.

Alcohol is taken almost cool and cold climates and to a very less extent in hot climates. Alcohol is not necessary to anybody in anyway .Tanzania  isnot required by the people at all and should be avoided by them altogether. The regular use of alcohol , even in small quantities , causes mischief’s in many ways to various organs of the body. It affects the liver, it weakness the mental powers, and lessens the general energy of the body.

  1. I) Suggest the suitable title for the passage

ii) What do we mean by ‘the force of habit’?

iii) How is tobacco generally taken by the people?

iv) Who brought tobacco into Africa?

v) How does alcohol affect the human body?

b)For each of the following statements below , write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is incorrect.

  1. Eating too many sweets or drinking too much fluid of any kind and smoking are good habit_____________
  2. Bad habit is a state of feeling unhappy_________________________
  3. Alcohol is most taken in hot climates_________________________
  4. The regular use of alcohol weakens the mental powers of and losses the general energy of the body_____________________________
  5. Tobacco in Africa by white people from Africa __________________________-

2. Summarize the passage above ( from questions 1 ) not more than 80 words and not less than 70 words.

____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________

SECTION B LANGUAGE USE (20MARKS)

  1. Match the items in column A  with the relevant one in column B to produce complete and meaning sentences.

COLUMN A

 

COLUMN B

  1. Even though my English is poor.
  1. I did not understand you
  1. You must hurry up
  1. Even if we are late
  1. We decided to close down the shop
  1. They lived happily
  1. In spite of their poverty.
  1. Let us go back home
  1. We must come
  1. Strangers can understand what  I am saying.

 

  1. Because it will soon be raining.

 

  1. How do you do

 

  1. He did not do well in my terminal tests

 

  1. As customers were becoming fewer and fewer.

 

4 .Re-arrange the following sentences into logical sequences by writing the number of the sentences in the space provided.

  1. They may be prevented from participating in activities like other people.
  2. Because of stigma , they may be treated differently in their families
  3. The act of discriminating against then is called stigma.
  4. People living with HIV are steal mistreated and discriminated against in various ways.
  5. They can be forced to leave their jobs or fail to continue with their businesses.

LERRERS

A

B

C

D

E

NUMBERS

 

 

 

 

 

  1. Imagine that you are KapewaKapokea of Rofativillage . Write an invitation card to your friend Chauroho who lives in Tumbakose to attend your birthday party which will be held on 28th July 2021 at Mtana hall from 1:00 p.m . to 9:00 pm

SECTION C: (40MARKS)

PATTERNS AND VOCABULARY

  1. Fill in the blanks with appropriate conjuctions.
  1. Three _______________three makes six.
  2. They came ____________they wanted to see you.
  3. Borrow the money _______you badly need it.
  4. She is taller ______________you.
  5. ________you are late you will be allowed in.
  6. Do not read____________ I give you the signal.

PREPOSITIONS : Unless ,least , before, after , since , until , and , if, because, than

  1. Fill in the blanks with appropriate Article ‘a’ or ‘an’.
  1. Rehema at least found ______________husband.
  2. He took _________________early bus.
  3. She was knocked down by ________UDA bus.
  4. ___________eye for ________eye and _____tooth for the tooth.
  5. ____________soldier died in the battle.
  6. It pays to be _________honest man.
  7. Mapunde was married to___________European.
  1. Change the verbs in the brackets into their correct forms.
  1. The lesson already (begin) when we arrived.
  2. The patient already ( die) when we arrived.
  3. After he ( finish ) his homework he went to sleep.
  4. When I arrived at the bus station the bus already (leave).
  5. When the teacher came to the classroom , the students already (go) home.
  1. Choose the most appropriate word from the given list to fill in the banks spaces in the following sentences.
  1. Kibangashi has spent his_________ life in board school from standard one to form six.
  2. When the thieves came at night , we locked __________in the rooms.
  3. A widower is a man _________wife is dead.
  4. We were  studying in ________an old class,
  5. This is a man _______________ I gave some money this morning.
  6. This is Kilimanjaro bus _________killed more than 50 people.
  7. The boy ________sells eggs is not foolish.

Which, whole , who, our self, whom ,  quite , whose ,where , when. 

  1. Re –write the following sentences according to the instructions given after each.
  1. The noise outside was laud , the sick man could not sleep.( Re-write using so-------that ).
  2. Maria is an intelligent girl and hard working. ( Re-write using Not only -----but also....)
  3. Juma has no house to live in and no job to do. ( Re-write using Neither ---------nor---)
  4. Hamisa plays netball . Eliza plays netball too.( Join using both----------)
  5. Jane will travel by bus to Songea next month. ( Write sentence in the negative form).

SECTION D ( 20 MQRKS)

READING PROGRAMME.

  1. Select one class reads you have read from the list below then answer the questions that follows:
  • Mabala the Farmer
  • Magic Garden
  • Hawa the Bus Driver
  • Kalulu the Hare 
  • The Peart
  • The Old man and the Rabbit.
  • Fast Money

I )  a) What is the title of the book?

b. Who is the author of the book?

ii) Choose the two (2) most important characters and describe their behaviours.

a)______________________________________________

b) ________________________________________________

iii) What was the story about ?____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.

Iv ) What lesson did you learn from the story?------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------v) Would you like to advice your friend to read the story? -----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Why?-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------. 

  1. Read the following poem then answer the questions that follows:

My husband says.

I am useless.

Because I waste time

He quarrels

I am never punctual

He says

He has no time to waste

He tells me

Time is money.

Ocol does not chat

With me

He never jokes

With anybody

He says

He has no time 

To sit around the evening fire.

When my husband 

Is reading a new book

Sitting in his sofa

His face covered up

Completely with the big newspaper.

So that he looks 

Like a corpe.

 

QUESTIONS

  1. Who is talking in this poem ? Why?-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  2. To whom is the poem talking?----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  3. How do you  know?---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
  4. How many staznas  are there in the poem?-------------------------------------------------
  5. Mention two figures of speech found in the poem.----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------.

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO ENGLISH EXAM SERIES 71

Student’s Assessment Number……………..……

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND VOCATION TRAINING

MID TERM EXAMINATIONS

041                                                 BASIC MATHEMATICS

TIME 2:30 HOURS                                                                               AUG: 2021

Instructions

  1. This paper consists of ten (10) compulsory questions.
  2. Show clearly all the working and answers in a space provided.
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink except drawing must be in pencil.
  4. Mathematical tables, geometric instruments and graph papers may be used where necessary
  5. All communication devices and calculators are not allowed in assessment room.
  6. Write your assessment Number in top write corner of every page.

FOR ASSESSOR’S USE ONLY

QUESTION NUMBER

SCORE

ASSESSOR’S  INITIALS

1

 

 

2

 

 

3

 

 

4

 

 

5

 

 

6

 

 

7

 

 

8

 

 

9

 

 

10

 

 

TOTAL

 

 

 

CHECKER'

 


 

 

 

  1. (a)  Find the sum of all prime numbers between 80 and 100

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

(b)  Round off:

          (i) 9.67 to ones,

          (ii) 0.205 to one decimal place,

          (iii) 0.197 to two decimal places,

                 Hence, estimate the value of 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

2.          (a)  Evaluate   0.4 + 25%  (0.220.2) +  0.45)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 (b)  If the new price of selling shoe is 40000Tsh. Findthe percentage increase of price if the old price was 30000Tsh.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

3.          (a)  If the bus starts the journey from Babati at  0600 and takes eight hours and a half to reach at Chemba bus  terminal. Write the time taken to reach in 24 hours clock.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  (b) If 50000Tsh of money was invested at a bank which provide the rate of 5%. Find the amount at a bank after 4 years.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

4        (a) Find the value of  an angle marked in letter f,g and k in the figure below.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

b) Find the perimeter of square ,if its area is 36cm2

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

5 (a)   The sum of two numbers is 127. If  thedifference between the number is 7, Find the numbers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

       (b)  Solve the equation   by using quadratic formula.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

6   a) If the line passes through the point (3,4) and (2,6). Find

  1.  The slope of the line.

 

 

 

 

  1. The equation of line in form of Y = MX+C

 

 

 

 

 

   b)  The vertices of the triangle are A(2,2) , B (3,4) and C (4,3). If the triangle is reflected under x-axis ,Write down the coordinate of the image of points A, B and C

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

  1.  (a)Find the value of p given that  ()2p +1 = ()3p.

 

 

 

 

 

 

           (b)   (i) Find the value of 0.0000125  in standard notation. 

 

 

 

 

 

 

    (ii) Simplify the expression (3 +  ) (4  )

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

8 (a) solve for the x in the inequality

3X – 4>, X+16

 

 

 

 

 

(b) Factorize the expression a2-b2

Hence find the exact valueof 6722-3282

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

9 the right angled triangle in the figure below has sides of length 7, 24 cm and 150cm

S

(a)Calculate the value of.

 

 

 

 

 

(b)Calculate the area of the triangle

 

 

 

 

 

10   (a) There are 48 men at the meeting of whom 24 are teachers, 36 are parents and 16 are both teachers and parents . By using venndiagram , find the number of men who are neither teacher nor parents.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

     b)  The marks of 100 student were recorded as follow,

Marks

41 - 50

51 -60

61 - 70

71 - 80

81 -90

91 - 100

Number of students

10

22

34

25

7

2

  1.                                                                                                                                                                                                             Which mark were scored by many student  ………………………………….
  2.                                                                                                                                                                                                          Which marks was the lowest mark ………………………………………………….
  3.                                                                                                                                                                                                       If 50% was the pass mark of the test if above 50%, How many student passed examination

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO MATHEMATICS EXAM SERIES 70

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

PHYSICS MID TERM EXAMINATIONS AUG/SEPT 

FORM TWO-2021

Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.                This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.                Answer all questions.
  3.                 Section A carries 30 marks, section B 50 marks and section C 20  Marks
  4.                 All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.                All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.                Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.
  7.                Where necessary, the following constants may be used;
  1.                      Acceleration due to gravity, g=10m/s2
  2.                      Density of water= 1g/cm3 or 1000kg/m3

 SECTION A (30 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

 1.  For each of items (i-xx) choose the correct its letter in the box provided


(i) Bimetallic strips bend when heated because metals:

  1.              become softer when heated
  2.               expand in opposite direction
  3.               have different expansivities
  4.              have same expansivities

(ii)If you comb your dried hair with a plastic or nylon comb, you might observe the comb attracting some small particles. What instrument would you use to determine whether the comb acquired some electric charge:

  1.              ammeter
  2.               electrophorus
  3.               gold-leaf electroscope
  4.              voltmeter

(iii)White clothes are preferentially worn in sunny regions to black clothes because they:

  1.              absorb heat
  2.               diffuse heat
  3.               reflect heat
  4.              transmit heat

(iv)Gradient of the distance-time graph of a uniformly accelerated motion in a specific direction represents:

  1.              acceleration
  2.               deceleration
  3.               speed
  4.              velocity

(v)In order to balance a rigid body on a point, you must first determine its:

  1.              balancing point
  2.               central position of the body
  3.               centre of gravity
  4.              neutral point

(vi) A soldier firing a bullet from a gun experiences a jerking effect as the bullet leaves the gun. This phenomenon is explained by: 

  1.              Newton’s first law of motion
  2.               Newton’s second law of motion
  3.               Newton’s third law of motion
  4.              Principle of conservation of linear momentum


(vii)Penumbra refers to:

  1.               light shadow
  2.               moon
  3.               .partial shadow
  4.              total shadow


(viii)Charging an object by friction results in the transfer of particles called:

  1.               atoms
  2.               .electrons
  3.               neutrons
  4.              protons


(ix)A body weights 3.0N in air. When it is completely immersed in a liquid it weighs 2.2N, the upthrust experienced by the body is:

  1.               0.4N 
  2.                0.6N 
  3.                0.8N
  4.               1.0N

(x)When a bus is moving with constant velocity, its acceleration is:

  1.               constant
  2.               .minimum
  3.               maximum
  4.              .zero


(xi) As the balloon goes up, the weight of air displaced becomes less and less. This means that the upthrust: 

  1.               is increased
  2.               .is reduced
  3.               .is exactly equal to its weight
  4.              .remains constant

(xii)A boy weighing 45kg climbs up a stair case to height of 7 m in 5 seconds. The amount of work done by the boy:

  1.              70 J
  2.               105J 
  3.                450J
  4.               315J

(xiii)Ohm is the SI unit of:

  1.               conductance
  2.               .electric current
  3.               .potential difference 
  4.              upthrust and weight

(xiv)The property of a material to recover its original shape and size on removal of a stretching force is called:

  1.               compression 
  2.                elasticity
  3.                elastic limit 
  4.               plasticity

(xv)The area under the velocity-time graph represents:

  1.              acceleration 
  2.               distance covered 
  3.               speed 
  4.              velocity


(xvi)The volume of a piece of metal with a mass of 150g and density of 0.03g/cm3 is:

  1.               5 x 10-3 cm 3
  2.                5 x 10 1 cm 3
  3.                5 x 10 2 cm 3
  4.               5 x 10 3 cm3

(xvii)A potential difference of 12V is applied across a resister of 1200, The current in circuit is:

  1.               0.1A 
  2.                10A 
  3.                132A 
  4.               440A

 (xviii) What makes the last drop of tap water remain hanging for sometime at the outlet of the tap soon after closing the tap?

  1.               Capillarity 
  2.                Osmosis
  3.                Surface tension 
  4.               Viscosity

(ix)The best test for a magnetized material is:

  1.                attraction
  2.               friction
  3.               heating
  4.              .repulsion


(xx)A passenger in a bus which starts to move forward tends to fall backwards. This phenomenon demonstrates:

  1.              Newtons first law of motion
  2.               Newtons second law of motion
  3.               Newtons third law of motion
  4.              The law of conservation of linear momentum

2.Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. First class lever
  2. Force of attraction between the earth and a body
  3. Force of attraction between molecules of different substances
  4. Has no unit
  5. Magnetic lines of force
  1.              Adhesion force
  2.               A pair of scissors 
  3.               Cohesion force
  4.              Collision force
  5.               Force of gravity
  6.                Hydrometer
  7.              Impulse
  8.              Magnetic effect on a material
  9.                 Magnetic moment
  10.                 Neutral point in a magnetic field
  11.              Penumbra
  12.               Relative Density
  13.             Umbra

(i)The quantity of space that an object occupies is known as 

(ii)Occurs when a body’s rate of change of displacement is constant 

(iii)A physical quantity measured by using thermometer is referred to as

(iv)Causes an object to rotate or turn about a fixed point

(v)The angle between the geographic north and the magnetic north is called 


SECTION B (50 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.


SECTION B

4.(a) State two conditions for a body to be in equilibrium.

(b) Distinguish between centre of mass and centre of gravity.

(c) A uniform metre rule AB is balanced horizontally on a knife edge placed 5cm from B with a mass of 60g at B. Find the mass of the ruler.


5.(a) List down four uses of hydraulic press.

(b) Why is a hole at the bottom of a ship more dangerous than one that is near the surface?

(c) Calculate the pressure at the bottom of the sea water 52m deep, if the density of water is 1025 Kg/m3. Take the acceleration due to gravity (g) as ION/Kg.
 

6.(a)What is meant by acceleration?

(b) In which case is acceleration said to be uniform?

(c) A car with a velocity of 90km/h is uniformly retarded and brought to rest after 10 seconds. Calculate its acceleration.

7. What do you understand by the following terms?

(i) Work 

(ii) Energy 

(iii) Power 

(b) Calculate the power of a pump which can lift 200kg of water through a vertical height of 6m in 10 seconds, given g =10m/s2.

(c) Explain the meaning of the following terms:

(i)Kilowatt . 

(ii)Kilojoules . 


8.(a) Elasticity can be defined as .

(b) Mention two methods by which a magnetic substance can be turned into a magnet. 

(c) Two types of intermolecular forces are: 


SECTION C (20 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.


9.a) A Voltmeter connected across an electric bulb reads 3 V and an ammeter in series with a battery of 2 cells reads 0.2 A. If the switch is closed:

(i)Draw a circuit diagram to represent the information

(ii)Calculate the resistance of the electric bulb.

b)(i) State the law of static electricity

(ii) Draw electric fields for the following static charges showing neutral (N) points

10.A load of 500 Newton is raised through 5 metres by a machine when its effort moves simultaneously through a distance of 25 metres along its direction. If the machine has an efficiency of 80% calculate the value of the effort and the total work done by the machine.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO PHYSICS EXAM SERIES 69

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

HISTORY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM TWO-AUG/SEPT 2021

 Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.                This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.                Answer all questions in section A and B and TWO questions from section C.
  3.                Section A carries 40 marks, while section B and C carries 30 marks each.
  4.                All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.                All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.                Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (35 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1.                For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.

(i) The period marked by intense competition and warfare among European states was known as:-

  1.              Industrial capitalism
  2.               The age of mercantilism
  3.               Industrial revolution
  4.              Iron Age

(ii) The Dutch settlement was established at the Cape in 1652 because:

  1.              The Dutch were great racialists.
  2.               The Dutch were welcomed by the Khoisan.
  3.               They wanted to supply the foodstuffs for ships sailing to and from the East Indies.
  4.              They wanted to initiate relationship with the British.

(iii) Gao was a trading centre which developed into a large empire known as:

  1.              Songhai
  2.               Asante
  3.               Mali
  4.              Ghana

(iv)The effect of European penetration to West Africa was: 

  1.              Introduction of iron industry.
  2.               Distortion of the Trans-Saharan Trade
  3.               Development of Western Sudan states
  4.              Abolition of Triangular trade

(v)A source of historical information which contains remains that show man's physical development activities and tools he used is:

  1.              Museum
  2.               Oral tradition
  3.               Archives
  4.              Historical sites

(vi) The following historical eventinvolved the continents of Africa, America and Europe between 15 th and 19 th centuries.

  1.                  Trans Saharan
  2.                    The Boer Trek
  3.                   Triangular slave trade 
  4.                   East African long distance trade 

(vii)The important effect of iron technology in Africa was:

  1.              Expansion of heavy industries
  2.               Increase of civil wars
  3.               Increase of migration in Africa
  4.              Increase of agriculture and population

(viii)An important feature in the East African coastal commercial life was the Indian Banyans who were:

  1.              Capitalists from France
  2.               Gold miners from France
  3.               Slave Caravans
  4.              Traders and money lenders

(ix)In evolution of man, the use of tools and bi-pedalism were accompanied by the development of man's:

  1.              Agriculture
  2.               Brain
  3.               Limbs
  4.              Trade

(x)  The major cause of Ngoni migration from South Africa during the 19th century was:

  1.              The death of Zwangendaba in 1845
  2.               Population pressure leading to scarcity of resources such as fertile land and pasture 
  3.               Expansion of trade especially Trans-Sahara trade
  4.              Failure of vassal states to pay tributes

2. (a) Choose the correct statement in List A and match it with a relevant statement in List B.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Chikole, Kotakota, Ujiji and Tabora.

(ii) An explorer who is said to have served two European imperialist powers seeking colonies in Africa

(iii) System of life where few people or inpiduals are allowed to own the major means of production.

(iv) Diamond digging

(v) Hadzabe, Pygmies and Khoisans

(vi) Venda, Mashona, Mang'anja

(vii) Audaghost

(viii) Sumangum

(ix) Nilometer

(x) Christopher Columbus

  1.              H. M. Stanley
  2.               Discovery of USA
  3.               British governor in Kenya
  4.              Slave centers in the interior
  5.               Capitalism
  6.                Helped the people living along the Nile to be aware of floods.
  7.              Culture of Nilotic group
  8.              Salt trading centre in Ghana
  9.                 Good examples of blacksmiths
  10.                 African societies which lived on hunting
  11.              People who fought against European occupation in North Africa.
  12.               Founder of Ghana Empire
  13.             Kimberly
  14.              Johannesburg

3. In the space provided writeTRUE if the statement is correct and FALSE if the statement is not correct.

(i)Rusinga Island, Isimila and Nsongezi are historical sites found in Tanzania .

(ii)Hunters and gatherers differed from crop cultivators because hunters and gatherers entirely depended on nature for their livelihood .

(iii)The main function of Ntemi (Chief) was to settle land and social conflicts.

(iv)The Boer-trek was caused by lack of rainfall .

(v)Explorers were sent by capitalists to assess the wealth of Africa .

(vi)Tippu Tip was the most notorious and famous slave trade organizer in East and Central Africa .

(vii)The Moroccan invasion led to the rise of Sudanic empires .

(viii)The people called Bantu speak different related languages with moderate modification .

(ix)Rabai in 1846 was a home of freed slaves from America and the Caribbean.

(x)Salt making by trapping and evaporating sea water was much practiced by most of the African societies in the interior .

4. briefly explain the following terms

  1. Oral tradition
  2. Creation theory
  3. Middle stone age
  4. Regional trade
  5. The Benin Empire

SECTION B (30 Marks) Answer all questions in this section. 

Arrange the following sentences in chronological order by writing their roman numbers in the table provided.

 (i) The Portuguese merchants disturbed the gold trade in the early 16th century. 

(ii) Now gold was exported to Portugal and other Western countries. 

(iii) The deviation of trade brought conflicts between Arab traders and Portuguese merchants. 

(iv) As a result, Arab traders with the assistance from Oman Sultanate expelled Portuguese merchants from East Africa coast in the end of 17th century. 

(v) Mwanamutapa empire was the main supplier of gold to Arab traders based at Sofala

6. Complete each of the following statements with correct historical facts.

  1.  A community in Kenya which participated in Long distance trade...............
  2. Nandi Leader who resisted against colonists................
  3. Another name for triangular trade.........................
  4. A  society where by the husband moved to the wife’s family and children of the new family belonged to the mother’s (wife’s clan). 
  5. Intelligent man that large brain capacity.....

7.  Study the sketch map below and answer the questions that follows:-

List the missing historical sites labelled (i) - (v)on the sketch map. 

SECTION C (30 Marks) Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Write a short essay about the Ghana Empire using the following hints or guidelines:

(i)Where and when was the Ghana Empire established?

(ii)Who was the founder of this empire?

(iii)What factors led to the decline or fall of the empire?

9. Using the following guidelines, write an essay on Mfecane.

(i)What was it?

(ii)Where did it take place?

(iii)Who were involved?

(iv)What were the causes? 

(v) What were its effects?


10. What were the effects of the discovery of fire during the Middle and Late Stone Ages? (Give six points)

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO HISTORY EXAM SERIES 68

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM TWO-AUG/SEPT-2021

Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.    This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 10 questions
  2.    Answer all questions in section A and B and TWO questions from section C.
  3.    Section A carries 25 marks, section B 45 marks and section C 30  Marks
  4.    All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.    All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.    Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (35 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1.    For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.

(i)The planet which is known to support life is the:

  1.  sun 
  2.  moon
  3.  earth 
  4.  mercury

(ii)The grid reference of station X is 261582. What are the numbers of the Eastings and the Northings?

  1.  583 are Eastings and 261 are Northings
  2.  158 are Eastings and 262 are Northings
  3.  582 are Northings and 261 are Eastings
  4.  651 are Northings and 582 are Eastings

(iii)The structure of the earth is composed of:

  1.  carbon and sodium
  2.  crust, mantle and core
  3.  silicon and alumina 
  4.  sima and sial


(iv)Which of the following tropical climates has the largest diurnal temperature range?

  1.  Tropical monsoon
  2.  Hot deserts
  3.  Mediterranean
  4.  Cold deserts


(v)A representative scale of can be represented by a statement scale of:

  1.  0.5 to 2.5 km
  2.  2cm to 25 km
  3.  one cm to 2.5 km
  4.  One cm to 250,000 cm

(vi)The time when the sun is overhead on latitude 23½0S or 3½0N is called:

  1.  Solstice
  2.  Aphelion
  3.  Equinox 
  4.  Tropic of Cancer

(vii)Wind blows from:

  1.  highlands to lowlands
  2.  lowlands to highlands
  3.  low pressure areas to high pressure areas 
  4.  high pressure areas to low pressure areas

(viii) The relative humidity of a region is low when:

  1.  The wet and dry bulb thermometers read the same
  2.  The difference between the readings of wet and dry bulb thermometers is large
  3.  The temperatures are high 
  4.  The temperatures are low

(ix) Metallurgical industries deal with:

  1.  machinery
  2.  jewellery
  3.  textile
  4.  food products

(x) Hot deserts are characterized by:

  1.  small range of temperature
  2.  two peaks of annual rainfall
  3.  large range of temperature
  4.  high temperature during the day and night.

2. Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the number of corresponding item in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. The movement of the earth around the sun.
  2. It occurs when the moon passes between the sun and the earth
  3. The angular distance north or south of equator.
  4. Occurs on 2 1st June when the sun is vertically overhead on the Tropic of Cancer.
  5. Divides the earth into two equal hemispheres.
  1.  Rotation of the earth
  2.  Latitude
  3.  Winter solstice
  4.  Lunar eclipses
  5.   Revolution Equator
  6.   Solar eclipses
  7.  Summer solstice

3.Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct against each of the following statements.

(i)Agulhas is a good example of a warm current. .......

(ii)Pests and diseases are not common problems facing the farmers in Tanzania. .........

(iii)The Earth rotates from East to West......

(iv)Transportation involves the movement of goods, people and services from one place to another. .........

(v)The energy produced due to the movement of water is biogas. .........

(vi)A key acts as a dictionary of a map. .........

(vii)Salinity ofthe ocean water varies from place to place due to the different rates of evaporation. .........

(viii)Seasons are the result of earth rotation. .........

(ix)All latitudes are great circles. .........

(x)The main crop produced in Gezira irrigation scheme in Sudan is cotton.......

SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

4.(a) Outline five importance of human activities

(b) Mention the characteristics of small scale Agriculture


5. (a) Define the following terms as used in Geography:

(i)Agriculture

(ii)Topographical map

(b) List two conditions necessary for establishing Hydro-Electric Power.


6. Explain the achievements that were brought by the Tennessee Valley Authority in North America.

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section. 

7. (a) Carefully study the climatic data given for station X and then answer the questions that follow:

Month

J

F

M

A

M

J

J

A

S

O

N

D

Temp °C

30

30

30

31

32

38

37

37

35

34

31

30

RAINFALL (mm)

10

20

26

15

8

0

0

0

12

18

15

10

(i) Calculate the annual range of temperature.

(ii) Determine the annual rainfall.

(iii) Calculate the mean annual temperature.

(iv) What type of climate does station X experience? Give reasons.

(v) Suggest the hemisphere in which station X is located.

(b)Study carefully the map provided below, then answer the questions that follow.

8.Describe five problems facing transportation industry in East Africa


9. Explain five problems that are facing the Rufiji basin project in Tanzania.


10. Explain how forests are endangered in Tanzania and suggest measures that can save them.

(i)List twoways used by this map to express the scale.

(ii)Give the indicators from the map which shows lowland and highland.

(iii)Why is the railway line not straight from grid reference 260144 to 200144?

(iv)Measure the length of the railway line from grid reference 260144 to 200120.

(v)Calculate the area covered by the swamp. Give your answer in square kilometres.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 67

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM TWO-AUG/SEPT 2021

 Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.              This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 7 questions
  2.              Answer all questions in section A and B and ONE question from section C.
  3.              Section A carries 35 marks, section B 50 marks and section C 15  Marks
  4.              All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.              All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.              Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (35 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1. For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.


(i) Which of the following is considered a child right?

  1. The right to quality education
  2.  The right to employment
  3.  The right to work
  4.  The right to just pay


(ii) The ability to stand up for ones values in facing conflicting ideas and practice from friends is referred to as

  1.  Peer resistance
  2. . Empathy
  3.  Self-esteem
  4. . Patriotism

(iii) The collective name for village government, ward government and district council is

  1.  Urban Authority
  2.  Native Authority
  3.  District Authorities
  4.  Council Authority.

(iv) The increase of HIV and unwanted pregnancies can be a result of

  1.  proper behaviour
  2.  family life education
  3.  improper behaviour
  4.  life skills education

(v) The process of restricting the exercise of some human rights in some circumstances for good reason is referred to as

  1. limitation of human rights
  2. inequality of human right
  3. moral rights
  4. human rights abuse


(vi) A public servant who is a member of parliament by virtue of his position is the 

  1. Chief justice
  2. Clerk of the National assembly
  3. Prime Minister
  4. Attorney General


(vii) In a democratic state, changes of the state leadership are made through

  1. revolution
  2. general election
  3. heritage
  4. presidential appointment.

(viii) The ability to understand other peoples feelings and to feel concerned about their problems is referred to as:

  1. Self-awareness
  2. Self esteem
  3. Critical thinking
  4. Empathy


(ix) A person who is able to express his or her opinion or desire strongly with confidence is known as

  1. analytical person
  2. assertive person
  3. critical person
  4.  arrogant person


(x) The following are characteristics of free and fair election except:

  1. Equal access to mass media
  2. Equal opportunities to all parties
  3. Free and fair campaign
  4. Free electoral commission for the ruling party.

(xi) The type of family experienced in most African societies is:

  1. Extended
  2. Nuclear
  3. Polygamous
  4. Single parent.

(xii)The appointed Presidential Commission for Constitution is aiming at:

  1. Amending the constitution
  2. Bringing interim constitution
  3. Bringing new constitution
  4. Supporting the current constitution

(xiii)  What is the foundation of freedom, justice and peace among the people?

  1. Human Rights 
  2. Individual Rights
  3.  Legal and moral rights 
  4.  Political rights

(xiv)  Evils such as drug abuse, corruption and civil wars result from:

  1. good morals 
  2.  irresponsible leaders
  3. love and peace
  4. proper behaviour

(xv)  The government of Tanzania comprises the:

  1. executive, constitution and judiciary
  2.  executive, legislature and judiciary
  3.  legislature, judiciary and parliament 
  4.  parliament, cabinet and judiciary

(xvi)  The reason for inclusion of the bill of rights in the constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania was to:

  1. allow people to break laws
  2. allow people to kill thieves
  3. ensure that human rights are guaranteed
  4. make people happy with their constitution

(xvii)  One of the following traffic lights tells a driver to get ready to go:

  1. green
  2. maroon
  3. . red
  4. yellow

(xviii)  The following involve the use of more mental skills and less use of physical strength:

  1. carpentry and nursing
  2. farming and nursing
  3. nursing and teaching
  4. plumbing and lumbering

(xix) The right of people to belong to organizations of their

choices is referred to as .........

  1.  freedom of expression 
  2. freedom of association
  3. freedom of assembly  
  4.  right to equality

(xx) Which of the following is a correct definition of a "territory"?

  1. Land set aside for farmers
  2. An area of land bound by defined limits
  3. An area of land with people without boundaries
  4. An area of land associated with terrorism

2. 

LIST A

LIST B

(i) Agent of central government also helps to consolidate democracy within its area.
(ii) A person who solves conflicts between two people
(iii) A proposed law before approval.
(iv) Element of improper behaviour
(v) Empowers women towards gender equality

  1.  A bill
  2. . Arrogance
  3.  Coat of Arms
  4.  Direct democracy
  5.  Election
  6.  Juvenile
  7.  Liberty
  8.  Local government
  9.  Mediator
  10.  Monogamy
  11.  Parliament
  12.  Polygamy
  13. .Strategic gender needs 
  14. Traffic
  15.  User fees

3. The following statements are either correct or not correct. Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.

(i)Work is an expression of social identity................. 

(ii) Reckless driving leads to road accidents................. 

(iii) HIV/AIDS cannot be transmitted from one person to another through blood transfusion   

(iv) The Prime Minister of Tanzania is also a councilor.... 

(v) The election of a class monitor/monitress is done through indirect democracy        

(vi) Abuse of power means using a public office for public gains.. 

(vii) The ability to make a choice out many options that are available is referred to as decision making        

(viii) Courtship helps to establish stable long life marriage.............. ............. 

(ix) Tanganyika united with Zanzibar in 1963 as a result of the history of these two countries    

(x) Language is not a component of a nation................. 

SECTION B (50 MARKS)

4. Read thefollowing passage carefully and then answer the questions that follow:

A non-democratic government is a form of government that normally does not come into power by popular election. It is the government which gets into power without majority will and peoples legitimacy. In most cases, this government results from coup detat, manipulation of election process or changing a democratic government into dictatorship after a leader has attained power through elections. Adolf Hitler of Germany was an example of a person who led his country using dictatorship style. He had come to power through popular election eventually changed into a dictator thereafter.

In this kind of leadership only one person or a small group of people who are either economically powerful or with many supporters control the government. Also they are responsible for decision making in the society. A good example of a non-democratic government is totalitarian like that of Hitler or Mussolini of Italy. Other examples of authoritarian or dictatorship governments are like those of former Zaire under Mobutu Seseseko and Uganda under Idd Amini. The basic feature of non-democratic governments is the absence of democratic principles.

Questions

(i) Suggest a suitable title for this passage . 

(ii)According to the passage what is a non-democratic government?

(iii) List three qualities of a person or a group of people who rule a non-democratic government. 

(iv) Briefly explain four features of a non-democratic government.

(v) What are the four features of a democratic government?

5. Write short notes on the following:

(1) Importance of National Constitution ........... .... 

(ii) Importance of work ... 

(iii) Cost sharing ......... ............. 

(iv) Rule of law ........... ........... 

(v) importance of good behaviour ............ ...... 

(vi) Importance of family stability ...........

(vii) Early marriages ......... 

(viii) Components of executive branches of the government

(ix) Unwanted socio-cultural practices ..

(x) Direct and Representative democracy......


SECTIONC(15Marks)

Answer one (1) question from this section.

6. Road accidents have become very rampant in Tanzania. Discuss ways of reducing road accidents

7. Discuss the differences between local government and Central government

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO CIVICS EXAM SERIES 66

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCY BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

CHEMISTRY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM TWO- AUG/SEPT 2021

 Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.                          This paper consists of section A, and B with a total of 10 questions
  2.                          Answer all questions in spaces provided.
  3.                          Section A carries 20 marks, section B 80 marks.
  4.                          All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.                          All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.                          Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.
  7.                          The following atomic masses may be used: H=1, N=14, O=16, S=32

 SECTION A (20 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1.                For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.


(i) The elements which are found in group VIII of the periodic table are known as:

  1.              Metals
     
  2.               Noble gases
  3.               Non - metals
  4.              Right elements


(ii) Isotopes are atoms which have:

  1.              Different mass number
  2.               Different number of electrons
  3.               Different number of protons
  4.              The same number of neutrons

(iii) The elements which are found in group VIII of the periodic table are known as:

  1.              Metals
     
  2.               Noble gases
  3.               Non - metals
  4.              Right elements

(iv) The process used to separate a mixture of salt and water is:

  1.              Evaporation
  2.               Filtration
  3.               Simple distillation    
  4.              Sublimation


(v) Saturated solution is one which:

  1.              Contains more solute undissolved at a given temperature.
  2.               Will take no more of solute at a given temperature.
  3.               Contains a little solute at a given temperature.
  4.              Has a large amount of solvent at given temperature.

 (vi) Which of the following electronic configurations are of metals?

  1.              2:8:8:1 and 2:8:8:7
  2.               2:8:3 and 2:8
  3.               2:8:8:1 and 2:8:3
  4.              2:8:6 and 2:8:8:7

(vii) One isotope of an element has atomic number A and mass number M. How many neutrons are contained in the nucleus of its atom?

  1.              M
  2.               A
  3.               A - M
  4.              M - A

(viii) The total number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom is called:

  1.              Valency number  
  2.                Atomic number
  3.                Molecule number    
  4.               Mass number

(ix)  Oxidation may be defined as:

  1.              Loss of hydrogen by a substance
  2.               Gain of hydrogen by a substance
  3.               Reaction in which oxygen is lost
  4.              Reaction in which electrons are increased

(x) Moving across a period in the periodic table,

  1.              Electro negativity decreases
  2.               Electro negativity increases
  3.               Metallic property increases
  4.              Electro positivity increases 

2. (a)Match each item in List A with a correct response in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Energy needed to remove an electron from atom
  2. The most electronegative element
  3. Positive charged particle
  4. Simplest element
  5. Used to test presence of water
  1.              Free energy
  2.               Helium
  3.               Anion
  4.              Cation
  5.               Hydrogen
  6.                Copper sulphate
  7.              Ionization energy
  8.              Fluorine
  9.                 francium


(b) Answer the given questions by writing the correct answer in the blank spaces provided.

  1. Has both metallic and non metallic properties………………………
  2. A gas that can undergo sublimation………………………..
  3. Name given to group seven elements which means salt producer…………………..
  4. An example of renewable fuel from organic matter…………………..
  5. Separation of colored substances…………………..

3. Briefly explain five characteristics to be considered when looking for a good fuel.

4.(a) During preparation of Hydrogen gas by the reaction between dilute Hydrochloric acid and Zinc granules, the granules slowly dissolve in acid to form solution X. 

(i) Name solution X .........

(ii) Write the chemical formula of X . . . . . . 

(b) How can hydrogen gas be tested?image

(c) Mention four (4) chemical properties of hydrogen gas.

(d) List three (3) uses of Hydrogen gas.

5.Outline six common apparatus used in the laboratory preparation of oxygen gas using hydrogen peroxide.

(b) Outline four uses of oxygen in everyday life situation.

6.(a) Define the following terms:

(i)Valency

(ii)Oxidation state

(iii) Anion

(iv)Cation

(b) Calculate the oxidation state of the underlined elements in the following radicals:

(i) NH4+

(ii) SO42+

(iii) CLO3-

(c) A compound consists of 40% carbon, 6.67% hydrogen and 53.33% oxygen. If its relative molecular mass is 60, calculate the following:

(i)Empirical formula

(ii)Molecular formula

7.(a) Define the following terms:

(i)Oxidation state 

(ii)An element .......„

(iii)A compound

(iv)Fainting 

(b)Write the chemical formula for each of the following compounds:

(i)Sodium sulphate 

(ii)Sodium chloride .. 

(iii)Calcium nitrate ......... (iv) Calcium oxide . 

8.State two chemical properties of water.


(b) Calculate the molar mass of each of the following compounds:

(ii) NaHC03                        (iii) Fe203 

9.Define the following terms:

(i)Empirical formula .........

(ii)Molecular formula .........

(b)A compound consists of 85.7% carbon and 14.3% hydrogen by mass. If its relative molecular mass is 56, calculate:

(i)Empirical formula.

(ii)Molecular formula.

10.(a) Study the following periodic table and then answer the questions that follow:

(i) Name elements named by the following letters: S, W, X, Z

(ii) Write the electronic configuration for the elements represented by the following letter.

10.(b) Study the experiment diagram below and answer the questions that follow.

(i)What happens to the copper (Il) oxide during the experiment?

(ii)What happens to the two pieces of cobalt paper? (iii) Write a word equation for the reaction.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO CHEMISTRY EXAM SERIES 65

THE PRESIDENT’S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION, REGIONAL ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

COMPETENCE BASED SECONDARY EXAMINATION SERIES

BIOLOGY MID TERM EXAMINATION

FORM TWO-AUG/SEPT 2021

Time: 2:30Hours

Instructions.

  1.    This paper consists of section A, B and C with a total of 11 questions
  2.    Answer all questions in section A and B and ONE question from section C.
  3.    Section A carries 30 marks, section B 50 marks and section C 20  Marks
  4.    All answers should be written in the spaces provided.
  5.    All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized material are not allowed in examination room.
  6.    Write your number on every page of your answer booklet.

 SECTION A (30 Marks)

 Answer All questions in this section.

  1.                For each of the items (i)-(x), choose the correct answer from the alternatives given.

(i)  In the human digestive system the stomach is known as:

  1.  a tissue
  2.  a cell
  3.  an organ
  4.  an organism

(ii)An organism with a rigid protective wall made up of chitin material is a representative of which Kingdom?

A.   Fungi         

 B.  Monera

 C.  Plantae 

 D.   Protoctista


(iii)The disease and disorder of the human circulatory system includes:

A.  Arteriosclerosis and heart burn

B.  Blood pressure and sickle cell anemia 

C.   Blood pressure and oedema 

D.   Leukemia and heart burn.

(iv)The product of anaerobic respiration process in animals is:

A.  uric acid     

B.  lactic acid

C.   sulfuric acid 

D.   hydrochloric acid

(v)  The ability of the human body to resist infections caused by micro organisms is known as:

  1.  immunity 
  2.   inoculation
  3.   treatment 
  4.   vaccination

(vi)  Insufficient food rich in protein to children especially infants result into nutritional deficiency disease called.

  1.  Marasmus
  2.  Obesity
  3.  Kwashiorkor 
  4.   Ricketts


(vii)  The structure of a leaf that allows oxygen and carbon dioxide to diffuse into and out of the leaf during gaseous exchange is known as:

  1.  cuticle
  2.  epidermis
  3.  mesophyll
  4.  stomata


(viii)     The following waste can be recycled except:

  1.  aluminium cans  
  2.   contaminated syringes 
  3.   glass jars and bottles   
  4.   papers and cardboards 
  5.   plastic bags

(ix)  The following are the products of respiration except:

  1.   alcohol, carbon dioxide, and energy
  2.   alcohol, energy, and lactic acid
  3.  carbon dioxide, energy, and lactic acid
  4.   carbon dioxide, energy, and water 
  5.    glucose, oxygen and water


(x)Three phyla of kingdom fungi are:

  1.  Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Eumycota
  2.   Ascomycota, Basidiomycota and Zygomycota
  3.  Ascomycota, Bryophyta and Eumycota
  4.   Ascomycota, Bryophyta and Euglenophyta
  5.    Ascomycota, Euglenophyta and Zygomycota


2.For each of the items (i) - (x), write True if a statement is correct or False if a statement is not correct in the space provided.

(i) Botany is the study of animals  

(ii)Gaseous exchange in mammals takes place in the nose and mouth

(iii)One enzyme can act on several food substances ...............

(iv)During inhalation the ribs move upwards and outwards............... 

(v) Anemia is a condition in which a patient has few erythrocytes . 

(vi) Landfill is a way of disposing domestic wastes ...............

(vii)Amylase is an enzyme which acts on protein ...............

(viii)Consumers in the ecosystem produce their own food...............

(ix)Syphilis is a communicable disease ...............

(x)All bacteria are harmful to man ...............

3. Match each item in List A with a correct response in List B by writing its letter bellow the number of the corresponding item in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i)A vascular tissue used for transportation of water and mineral salts towards the leaf.

(ii)A small pore which allows gaseous exchange into and out of the leaf.

(iii)A water proof material which protects the leaf from injury and excessive water loss.

(iv)A bean shaped structure for effective control of water loss and gaseous exchange.

(v)A broad part of a leaf which increases large surface area for absorption of light and carbonidioxide.

A. Stomata Sponge mesophyll

B. Epidermis Cuticle

C. Lamina

D. Petiole

E. Vein

F. Midrib

G. Margin

H. Cross Mesophyll

I. Apex

J. Guard cell

K. Phloem

L. Xylem

M. Palisade 

N. Mesophyll

4. Complete each of the following statements by writing the correct answer in the spaces provided.

  1. The largest rank in classification is called.................................
  2. Name the agent that transmits bilharzia....................................
  3. The blood vessel that transports manufactured food from intestines into the liver
  4. Smallest structure where gaseous exchange takes place....
  5. The product of anaerobic respiration in animals.............

SECTION B (50 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

5.(a) What is the difference between natural and artificial classifications?

(b)Explain why the artificial system of classification is not good.

 Mention two disadvantages of bacteria.

6.(a) What is natural environment?

(b)Explain the importance of the natural environment.

(c)Explain two significances of food chains and food webs in real life situation.

7.(a) Explain the uses of the following First Aid kit components:

(i)Scissors

(ii)Gauze

(iii)Adhesive plaster

(iv)Iodine tincture

(b)      Outline the procedure of giving First Aid to a victim of nose bleeding. 

(c) Explain the importance of giving First Aid.


5. The photograph below represents a plant in a certain Division.

 

(a) (i) Name the Division to which the plant belongs. 

(ii) With reference to the photograph, state three observable features of the Division named in a (i) above.

(b) Name the parts labelled N and P.

(c) Explain how the part labelled Q is adapted to its functions.

9. (a) State the effect of movement of the diaphragm muscles during inhalation in mammals


(b) State two structural adaptations of leaves that maximise efficiency in gaseous exchange.

SECTION C

10.        Write an essay on malaria using the following guidelines:

  • Cause
  • Transmission
  • Symptoms 
  • Effects
  • Preventive measures

11. Explain six factors which affect the rate of transpiration in plants.

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO BIOLOGY EXAM SERIES 64

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

CIVICS  FORM-2

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

INSTRUCTIONS. 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of seven (7) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and one (1) question from section C
  3. All answers must be written in the spaces provided.
  4. All writing must be in blue or black ink.
  5. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) – (ii), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

(i) A situation whereby there is equal opportunities to both men and women in different social and economic needs is referred to as

  1. Gender identity
  2. Gender blind
  3. Gender gap
  4. Gender balance

(ii) One of the responsibilities of the members of the parliament is

  1. To prepare government budget
  2. To interpret the law
  3. To punish law breakers
  4. To approve government budget.

(iii) The ability to take and feel the problems of others as your own problems is known as

  1. Assertion
  2. empathy
  3. sympathy
  4. awareness

(iv) Which of the following is not among the individual life skill?

  1. Assertiveness
  2. Self - awareness
  3. Negotiation
  4. Coping with stress

(v) Actions or manners that are acceptable to all members of the community are called?

  1. Adulthood behaviour
  2. Proper behaviour
  3. Adolescent behaviour
  4. Members behaviour

(vi) Tanzania national currencies include

  1. bank notes and foreign currencies
  2. foreign currencies and coin
  3. coin and bank notes
  4. US dollar and pound.

(vii) The smallest unit of Tanzania local government administrative structure is

  1. village government
  2. village assembly
  3. village Council
  4. village Committee

(viii) A public holiday marked every year on the 7th April in Tanzania is known as

  1. Karume Day
  2. Nyereye Day
  3. Farmers Day
  4. Union Day.

 (ix) Road accidents can be avoided in Tanzania through

  1. construction of tarmac roads
  2. observing traffic regulations
  3. employing well trained traffic police
  4. employing more magistrates.

(x) The non-biological roles performed by men and women in a society are called

  1. parental roles
  2. gender equity
  3. gender mainstreaming
  4. gender roles.

 (xi) The behaviour that is normally acceptable to all members of the family, community and society is referred to as

  1. aggressive behaviour
  2. impulsive behaviour
  3. proper behaviour
  4. improper behaviour.

 (xii) The parliament is also known as

  1. the executive
  2. the legislature
  3. the cabinet
  4. the judiciary

(xiii) A ruling system whereby a group of people or persons holding all government powers is called

  1.  Democratic government
  2.  Elected government
  3.  Dictatorship government
  4.  Multiparty government

(xiv)Which among the following set is a correct characterization of a nation?

  1.  History, Culture, People and Uhuru torch
  2.  Sovereignty, Uhuru torch, People and government
  3.  People, History, Sovereignty and Government
  4.  Education, Uhuru torch, History and People.

(xv)The right of people to belong to an organization is called

  1. freedom of association
  2. freedom of expression
  3. freedom of multiparty
  4. freedom of movement

(xvi) A social group of people living together with their own government, language, traditions and history is called

  1. Constituency
  2. Government
  3. Tribe
  4. Nation

 (xvii)A green traffic light tells a law abiding driver to

  1. Stop the car
  2. Switch off the car
  3. Pass through
  4. Get ready to go.

(xvii)A green traffic light tells a law abiding driver to

  1. Stop the car
  2. Switch off the car
  3. Pass through
  4. Get ready to go.

(xix) The first step that helps a person to make a healthy decision on any challenge is

  1. praying to god
  2. evaluating the challenge
  3. listing possible solutions
  4. identifying the problem

(xx) Which of the following is the national motto of the United Republic of Tanzania?

  1. Freedom and unity
  2. Freedom and work
  3. Freedom and development
  4. People and sovereignty.

 

2. Match the explanations on human rights in List A with corresponding human rights in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

List A

List B

(i)     Right specifically entitled to children

(ii)  Rights which people enjoy just for belonging to a community

(iii) Rights which are personal to every individual and all people are born with them.

(iv) Universal Human Right which is inactive to children

(v)   Rights listen and defined in an instrument of law.

  1. Rights to marry and form a family
  1. Economic rights
  2. Right to live in a family
  1. Natural rights
  1. Third generation of Human rights
  1. Legal rights
  1. Human Rights Abuse

 

3. For each of the statement (i) — (x), write True if the statement is correct or False if the statement is not correct.

(i)Work promotes selfish attitude..........

(ii) One of the aspects of social skills is peer resistance...................  
 (iii),One of the sources of local government revenue is development levy............. 

(iv) The mayor of the Municipal Council is a Presidential appointee      

(v) Positive peer pressure can lead to good performance in school     

(vi) Work is any physical activity that a person does to earn a living    

(vii) Female genital mutilation promotes child spacing....... 

(viii) The head of the judiciary is the Chief Justice........... 

(ix) Obeying road signs reduces traffic jams on the road... 

(x) All people who are eligible voters are called the electorate.........

 
SECTION B (50 MARKS) 
Answer all questions in this section   

4. Read the following passage carefully and then answer the questions that follow.
Wild life refers to all animals and plants living in their natural environment. Wild life is very important resources to any country as it produces meat which is used by man as food. Other products from animals and plants include wood, far, skins and ornaments just to mention a few.
The increasing population in Tanzania has also increased the consumption of wildlife products in the country. This has led to the increased destruction of the natural habitat of animals and plants. Therefore, there is a need for intentional measures to conserve it. Such measures are protecting natural vegetation, enforcing law, practicing modern game cropping, avoid poaching, animal control from diseases and enacting by laws of not endangering animals.
Thus to conserve wild life in our environment it is also important to encourage game cropping in places where game species seem to be populated to reduce overgrazing and soil erosion.
Questions
a) Suggest a suitable title for this passage
b) According to the passage mention two effects of increased population in Tanzania to the animals and plants
c) Outline two importance of wild life to mankind

d) Suggest two measure to conserve the wild life in Tanzania

 e) State two advantages of game cropping in populated games 

5. Define the following concepts and for each give two points on its importance:
 a. A political party

 b. A Pressure group

c. Local government

d. Courtship

e. Road safety education

f. Presidential Standard

g. Protection of human rights

h. Citizenship
i.  Social life skills

j. Zebra signs

SECTION C (15 MARKS)

Answer one (1) question from this section.

6. Explain the importance of the constitution of the United Republic of Tanzania by giving six points.

7. Explain the importance of life skills to young people by giving six points.

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO CIVICS EXAM SERIES 36

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

ENGLISH  FORM-2

2020

2:30 HOURS

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in the spaces provided.
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink
  4. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

SECTION A (20 Marks)

COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY.

1. Read the passage below carefully and then answer the questions that follow.

My pet is a dog, his name is Nene. He has brown and black fur and his hind legs are slightly shorter than the front ones. His ears are always upright. I can remember certainly well the day my father brought him home. It was on 17th December, 2015. At that time he was a puppy of two months, it was surely the best day of my life. I held him and tried to be good at him, but it was a bad day for him since he had been separated from his mother and other puppies.

Nene did not eat or drink anything the whole day. Of course I was happy to have him for my own, but his cries made me feel sorry for him and I promised to take good care of him. After three days, he started eating well and even played with me.

Nene is a lovely dog, he is loved by all members of our family. He comes to great me whenever I come back from school. He wags his tail and lies down ready to play. He is an intelligent and obedient dog I have ever seen.

After finishing my homework, I always play with him. My mother often tells me, "Mark, I am happy you got what you have always wanted". We feed him once a day, we provide him with plenty of water throughout the day, along with dog-food. To make him clean we give him a bath with dog-shampoo once a week. We also clean his kennel every day. Every year, we take him to the veterinary clinic for vaccinations. He is both a protector and a friend.

QUESTIONS

(a) Answer the following questions by using the right information from the passage.

(i) Who was keeping the dog?

(ii) When was the dog brought home?

(iii) Why do you think Nene was crying?

(iv) How many times was Nene fed in a day?

(v) Why was Nene taken to the veterinary clinic?

 

(b) For each of the following statements, write TRUE if the statements is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.

(i) The dog had brown and black fur.......

(ii) Nene was a protector and a friend ......

(iii) Mark did not like to play with the dog......

(iv) Nene's ears were always upright......

(v) Nene was brought home when he was three months old........

2. Read the following passage and answer the question that follows in the blank spaces provided.

Sports and games are necessary for maintaining health and physical fitness. Involving oneself in competitive sports and games encourages the sense of competition. Being a captain helps to provide the person with leadership qualities. Playing as a team encourages cooperation among players.

You may ask yourself, “If I spend my time in sports and games when should I study?” Here is the solution; study in the morning as the mind is still fresh and play in the evening as the mind is tired since sports and games make us mentally active. Remember the saying which says that “all study and no play makes Jack a dull boy”.

List down five advantages of participating in sports and games:

(a)                                                           

(b)                                                           

(c)                                                           

(d)                                                           

(e)                                                           

 

SECTION B (20 Marks)

LANGUAGE USE

3. Match the expressions in Column B below the corresponding expression number in Column A in the table provided. Item (vi) has been provided as an example

 

Column A

Column B

(i)     A place where dead bodies are kept until burial.

(ii)  A room in a hospital where babies are born

(iii) A place where medicines are prepared and sold.

(iv) A room in which sick people get bed rest.

(v)   A place where sick people are treated

(vi) A room which is used for health check up.

  1. Pharmacy
  1. Ward
  2. Stadium
  1. Laboratory
  1. Mortuary
  1. Labour ward
  1. Hospital
  2. Kitchen
  1. Laundry

4. Re – arrange the following sentences into a logical sequence to make a meaningful paragraph.

Sentence number 6 has been done as an example.

  1. The two have six children.
  1. Jumbe has a wife whose name is Makwabe
  2. So, Jumbe and Makwabe are my grandparents.
  1. Who is thus my grandfather is called Jumbe
  1. My mother’s father.
  1. Including my mother.

5. Imagine that you are a prefect and you live in a school hostel. Explain your school daily routine to a fellow prefect from a new school who wants to learn from you. Use the following events as your guidelines:

(a) Wake up time.

(b) Cleaning the hostel areas.

(c) Taking a bath and putting on school uniform.

(d) Taking morning roll call.

(e) Doing cleanliness around the school.

(f) Standing in assembly for morning speech and announcements

(g) Lessons in the classrooms begin.

(h) Break time.

(i) Lunch time.

(j) Outside activities and going back to the dormitories.

SECTION C (40 Marks)

PATTERNS AND VOCABULARY

 6. Fill in the blank spaces by using the following words in the list.

Cousin, niece, grandfather, uncle, nephew, sister-in-law, son-in-law, grandson, aunt.

(a) The sone of your son is your                        

(b) The daughter of your sister is your                 

(c) The brother of your father is your                   

(d) The sister of your wife is your                     

(e) The son of your brother is your                    

 

7. (a) Fill in the blank spaces with the correct form of the word in the brackets.

(i) Asha                 her uniform now. (wash)

(ii) My mother                 cooking rice when I arrived home yesterday. (be) 

(iii) Upendo (be write)                  a letter now.

(iv) Mariam (go)                 to the market now. 

(v) Baraka (eat)                 now.

(b) Complete the following sentences by using words given in the list.

in, on, from, to, at, by

(i) Salama wakes up                 6.00 a.m 

(ii) John is suffering                 malaria.

(iii) Bukagile goes to school                 a car.

(iv) Kali lives                 Dar es Salaam.

(v) Masasila goes to the market                 foot.

 

8. Re-write the following sentences according to the instruction given after each.

(i) He got the job. He had no qualifications.

(join using: “in spite of”)

                               

(ii) He shouted very loudly. He woke the baby up.

(Join using: “so …… that”)

                               

(iii) You must work hard in order to pass your examination.

(Begin with: “If …….”)

                               

(iv) He went to the bus station in a hurry. He wanted to be on time.

(Join using: “in order to”)

                                

(v) If you won’t show me your identity card, I won’t give you the details.

(Re-write using: “Unless”)

SECTION D (20 Marks)

READING PROGRAMME

9. Choose one class reader you have read in form one or two, then answer the following questions. 

The Magic Garden  - K.R. Cripwell (1977), William Collins Sons and Company Ltd, Great Britain.

Kalulu the Hare  - F. Worthngton (1937), Longman, England.

Hawa the Bus Driver  - R.S. Mabala (1988), Ben and Company, Dar es Salaam

Fast Money   - K.R. Cripwell (1978), William Collins Sons and Company Ltd, Great Britain.

Mabala the Farmer  - R.S. Mabala (1988), Ben and Company, Dar es Salaam 

 

(a) Give the title of the book.

(b) Mention the name of the character.

(c) What did he do in the story?

(d) Why do you like or dislike him?

(e) In your opinion, what can be learnt from the character?

 

 

10. Read the following poem then answer the questions that follow:

Twinkle twinkle little star 

How I wonder what you are 

Up above the world so high

Like a diamond in the sky

When the blazing sun is set 

And the grass with dew is wet 

Then you show your little light

Twinkle, twinkle, all the night 

QUESTIONS

(a) What is the title of this poem?

(b) What is it compared to the Diamond?

(c) Where are the stars found?

(d) When can the stars be seen?

(e) What can you learn from a poem?

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO ENGLISH EXAM SERIES 35

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

KISWAHILI  FORM-2

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

SEHEMU A

1.  Soma hadithi ifuatayo kisha jibu maswali yanayofuata:

Katika nchi ya ughaibuni kulikuwa na mfalme mwenye dharau na maringo sana, aliwaona wananchi wake kama wajinga. Watu wake waliishi bila amani na walichukia vitendo vya mfalme wao. Mfalme huyo alikuwa anajigamba kuwa yeye ni tajiri kuliko wafalme wote katika nchi za jirani. Kwa ujumla mfalme huyo alikuwa mnyanyasaji na mwenyekebehi nyingi.

imageimageMfalme alikuwa mwenye kufuru sana, hata alidiriki kutamka kwenye mkutano wa hadhara kuwa hajawahi kuona njaa. Mzee mmoja mwenye busara aitwaye Bwana Adili alimwambia mfalme kuwa asihofu atampeleka mahali njaa inakopatikana. Bwana Adili kwa kukubaliana na mfalme walipanga siku ya safari ya kwenda kumwonesha mahali ilipo njaa. Safari hiyo ilikuwa na masharti kuwa hakuna kula chochote asubuhi na hakuna kubeba masurufu yoyote yakiwemo maji, ingawa Bwana Adili kwa ujanja wake alibeba.

Safari ilianza asubuhi mapema huku mfalme akiwa na furaha kubwa ya kwenda kuona njaa. Walitembea mwendo wa saa zisizopungua ?ita, mfalme akawa amechoka sana akamwomba Bwana Adili wapumzike. Uchovu huo imageulitokana na ukweli kwamba mfalme hakuwahi kwenda mwendo mrefu kwa miguu. Wakati wa mapumziko mfalme alimwomba Bwana Adili maji na mkate lakini Bwana Adili alimnyima, walipumzika kwa muda wa saa moja na safari ikaendelea. Ilipofika jioni mfalme alikuwa amechoka kabisa kwani mwendo ulikuwa mrefu na njaa ilimuuma mno. Walipumzika chini ya mti, mfalme alimuuliza Bwana Adili, mbona hatufiki safari yetu? Bwana Adili hakumjibu chochote bali alichukua mkate akala na kunywa maji, mfalme alihisi njaa kali, alimwomba Bwana Adili mkate na maji lakini alimnyima.

Hali ya mfalme ilizidi kuwa mbaya sana, ndipo Bwana Adili akamwambia nitakupa maji na mkate ule lakini uahidi kwa maandishi kuwa utaacha dharau na majivuno kwa watu. Mfalme alipiga magoti mbele ya Bwana Adili na kuchukua karatasi na kalamu aliyopewa na Bwana Adili na kuahidi kwa maandishi kuwa ataacha kabisa tabia ya dharau na majivuno. Bwana Adili alipokea maelezo ya mfalme na akampa mkate na maji. Mfalme alipomaliza kula alimshukuru sana, ndipo Bwana Adili alipomgeukia mfalme na kumweleza kuwa hakuna maskani ya njaa bali hali aliyokuwa nayo mtu asipokula chakula. Waliporudi mfalme aliitisha mkutano wa hadhara. aliwaomba radhi wananchi wake na tangu siku hiyo mfalme aliishi kwa upendo na wananchi wote.

Maswali

(a)(i)     Bwana Adili alitoa masharti gani ya safari?.........................................

(ii)    Kwa nini Bwana Adili alitoa masharti uliyoeleza katika kipengele

(b)     Toa methali moja inayolingana na fundisho linalopatikana katika hadithi uliyosoma.

(c)     Toa maana za maneno yafuatayo kama yalivyotumika katika hadithi uliyosoma:

(i)Anajigamba ..................

(ii)Kebehi .....................

(iii) Kufuru ..................

(iv)Masurufu . .......................

 (v) Maskani....................

2.   Andika ufupisho wa habari uliyosoma kwa maneno 60.

SEHEMU B

SARUFI

3. (a) Bainisha aina za maneno yaliyopigiwa mstari katika tungo zifuatazo: Mfano: Sisi tunacheza mpira uwanjani. image

Jibu: Kiwakilishi ... .... ..... ......

(i)Kuku yu bandani . .............

(ii)Maskini! Ameumia! ...............

(iii)Wako hatakiwi hapa .................

(iv)Dagaavva Kigoma ni watamu ................

(v)Mtoto alikuwa anacheza mpira . ..................

(b) Unda vitenzi kutokana na nomino zifuatazo:

(i) Kiumbe                                                

(ii) Pigo  

(iii)Mteule  

(iv)Mlinzi    

(v)Kiongozi

(vi) Mchezo 

(vii) Adhabu

(viii) Muundo  

(ix) Chakula 

(x)  Mtego 

4. Tunga sentensi kwa kutumia aina za maneno zifuatazo:

Mfano: Jina usiku litumike kama kielezi

Wote wawili waliondoka jana usiku image 

(i) Mimi litumike kama kiwakilishi . ................

(ii) Letu litumike kama kivumishi . ...............

(iii) Tutaendelea litumike kama kitenzi kisaidizi .................. 

(iv) Na litumike kama kiunganishi . ..........................

(v) Upendo litumike kama nomino dhahania ..................

SEHEMU C

MATUMIZI YA LUCHA NA USAHIHI WA MAANDISHI

5. (a) Andika kwa usahihi maneno yaliyokolezwa wino kama yalivyotumka katika tungo zifuatazo:

(i) Mashirikiano ni muhimu kwetu .................

(ii) Mimi ni mwanainji wa Tanzania ...............

(iii)Mama anakaaga jikoni anapopika ............

(iv) Hakuna mapungufu yaliyojitokeza ........

(v) Hajafika mwanafunzi yoyote leo ..................

(vi) Huyu ni rafiki angu.................................

(b)     Eleza maana mbili kwa kila tungo.

(i) Mama anaota.

(ii)Tafathali nipe sahani ya kulia.

(iii)Vijakazi wanalima barabara.

(iv)Amekanyaga mtoto.

(v) Shangazi anawachezea wanangu.

6. (a)     Andika KWELI kama sentensi ni sahihi au SIO KWELI kama sentensi si sahii
 (i) Tafadhali mpikie ugali. Hii ni tungo tata ......... 

(ii) Kifaa kinachotumika kulia chakula kiitwacho uma wingi wake ni uma ... ... ...

(iii) Rejesta ni misimu ya Kiswahili . 

(iv) Amekula chumvi nyingi. Hii ni nahau 

(v) Mbili kutwa mara tatu. Ni rejesta ya kujifunza hesabu ........

(b) Eleza kwa kifupi dhima tano za lugha katika jamii.

 

SEHEMU D

FASIHI SIMULIZI

7. (a) Eleza kwa kifupi maana ya dhana zifuatazo:

(i) Shairi .............

(ii)Vichekesho ... ... ...

(iii)Ngonjera ... ......

(iv)Visasili .............

(v) Mapingiti ..............

8.   Jaza nafasi iliyoachwa wazi kukamilisha methali zifuatazo:

(i) Samaki mkunje ........................

(ii) ............njaa mwana malegeza. 

(iii) ..........hutanda na kuyeyuka. 

(iv)  Ajidhaniaye kasimama .........

 (v) ...........usiilalie mlango wazi.

 9.  Soma shairi lifuatalo kisha jibu maswali yanayofuata:

Mwanafunzi ikibali, mbeleya wako mwalimu.

Katika siku si mbali, utakuwa aalimu,

Kujitia baradhuli, baadaye ulaumu,

Mbeleya wako mwalimu, mwanafunzi ikibali.

Usijifanye kiburi, kujifanya chakaramu,

Hiyo wanaita shari, ndaniyake ina sumu,

Hivi hauna habari, heshima kitu adimu,

Mbeleya wako mwalimu, mwanafunzi ikibali.

Katika hii sayari, namba moja ni elimu,

Usiipate sufuri, kisha hapo ulaumu,

Maisha haya safari, mwana kitu adimu,

Mbeleya wako mwalimu, mwanafunzi ikibali.

Ni walezi mashuhuri, hivyo wana umuhimu, 

Wameishika nambari, kutokana na kalamu, 

Usimwendeshe chuchuri, uidumishe nidhamu, 

Mbeleya wako mwalimu, mwanafunzi ikibali.

Mwalimu baba na mama, hilo wazi ufahamu,

Hivyo tazama ndarama, zisisababishe-ghamu, 

Neno hili ni la zama, shika nakupajukumu,

Mbeleya wako mwalimu, mwanafunzi ikibali.

Sitapenda kukuchosha, kwa mengi kukushutumu, image

Nakutakia maisha,ya shuleyenye utamu,

Ili upate bashasha,na mema kutakadamu,

Mbeleya wako mwalimu, mwanafunzi ikibali.

MASWALI

(i)Mtunzi wa shairi hili anatoa ujumbe gani?

(ii)Ni mambo gani matatu ambayo mwanafunzi unatakiwa imagekuyaepuka kama yalivyoelezwa katika shairi ulilosoma?

(iii) Bainisha kituo bahari katika shairi ulilosoma.

(iv)Bainisha vina vya kati na vya mwisho vya shairi ulilosoma.

(v)Mshairi ana maana gani anaposema, Neno hili ni la zama, shika nakupa jukumu.”

(vi) Eleza maana ya maneno yafuatayo kama yalivyotumika katika shairi ulilosoma:

  • Ikibali ..... ... .
  •  Baradhuli ...........
  • Kutakadamu .........
  •  Chuchuri .........
  • Bashasha .........

SEHEMU E : UANDISHI WA INSHA/UTUNGAJI

10. Wewe ni miongoni mwa Watanzania wanaopenda kuishi maisha marefu, hivyo unakerwa sana na tatizo la ajali za barabarani. Andika barua kwenye gazeti la Uhuru ukipendekeza kwa serikali hatua gani zichukuliwe iii kuthibiti ajali za barabarani. Toa hoja tatu tu.

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO KISWAHILI EXAM SERIES 34

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

GEOGRAPHY  FORM-2

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

INSTRUCTIONS. 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and two (2) questions from section C
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink.
  4. All answers must be written in the space provided.
  5. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  6. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

SECTION A (25 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) – (ii), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

(i) One characteristics of equatorial climate is:-

  1. Low rainfall
  2. Moderate temperature
  3. Low humidity
  4. Thick forest.

(ii) The direction to which compass needle points is called

  1. Magnetic north
  2. True north
  3. Grid north
  4. Compass bearing

(iii) Cultivation of cash crops based on application of advanced technology is called?

  1. Subsistence agriculture
  2. A large scale agriculture
  3. Mixed system agriculture
  4. A small scale agriculture

(iv) The condition of the atmosphere recorded for a short period of time is known as

  1. Climate
  2. Rainfall
  3. Weather
  4. Temperature

(v)Which type of climate among the following is different from the other?

  1.  Mediterranean 
  2.  Savanna
  3.  Hot desert 
  4.  Equatorial

(vi)Which scale is the largest among the following?

  1. 1:25,000
  2. 1:1,500,000
  3.  1:50,000
  4. 1: 10,000

(vii)Which one of the following features are correct set of the ocean floor?

  1.  Ridge, basin, plateau and waterfall. 
  2.  Continental shelf, basin and waterfall.
  3.  Trench, continental shelf and continental slope.
  4.  Horst, plain and volcano.

(viii)A ship moves to the west and crosses the International Date Line. What happens in regard to time gained or lost?

  1.  No time is gained or lost 
  2.  One whole days is lost
  3.  One whole day is gained
  4.  One whole day is repeated

(ix) Hot deserts are characterised by:

  1. small range of temperature
  2. two peaks of annual rainfall
  3. large range of temperature
  4. high temperature during the day and night.

(x) The land of East Africa is mainly characterized by:

  1. low lands valley
  2. highlands plateau and lowlands basin
  3. volcanic mountains and residue mountains
  4. highlands and fold mountains.

2.Match the items in List A with responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the corresponding item number in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B 

  1. A line where a date is changed or where calender days begin.
  2. The time when the length of day and night are equal over all places on the earths surface.
  3. The phenomena which occur when the moon passes between the sun and the earth.
  4. The arrangement of the planets and solid objects in space in relation to the sun.
  5. The lines used in plotting routes for ships crossing large stretches of ocean waters and aircraft.
  1. Great circles
  2. Solar system
  3. Solar eclipse
  4. Moon eclipse
  5. Revolution of the sun
  6. International Date Line
  7. Equinox

 

3. Write True if the statement is correct or False if the statement is not correct in the space provided.

(i)Trans - Saharan Trade involved the exchange of goods between people of Northern and Eastern Africa ......

(ii)The development of Long Distance Trade in East Africa had a direct connection with the rise of Triangular Trade . ......

(iii)The Christian missionaries were against the abolition of slave trade.......

(iv)Industrial capitalism was characterized by open competition for markets and raw materials ...............

(v)The East African coast was known to Greeks and Romans as Azania ......

(vi) The most obvious result of the Mfecane was the depopulation of larger parts of southern Africa.....

(vii)Man learnt to keep animals during Early Stone Age . .......

(viii)The coming of Ngoni in East Africa led to shift from the small scale Ntemi system to weaker states ...............

(ix)The discovery of diamond turned South Africa from poor agricultural society to relatively rich industrial one ...............

(x)Written records refer to the study of our past as revealed by what has been handed down by word of mouth from one generation to another.

SECTION B (45 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

4.(a) Mention five features of the ocean floor. 

(b) Name the five largest oceans in the world. 

(c) Mention five largest lakes in the world. 

(d) Differentiate the following terms: 

(i)Temperature and humidity 

(ii)Minimum and maximum thermometer 

 (iii) Pressure and wind 

 

5. (a) Distinguish the following terms:

  1.  Solar system and solar energy
  2. Raw materials and manufacturing industries
  3. Map and scale of a map 
  4. Plateau and mountain

(b)

  1. Define lunar eclipse.
  2. Draw a well labelled diagram to show lunar eclipse.

6. Explain five measures which can be taken to ensure the sustainability of forests in Tanzania.

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section. 

7. Study the following climatic table and answer the questions that follow.

Station Y

Months

Jan

Feb

March

Apr

May

June

July

Aug

Sep

Oct

Nov

Dec

Temp(0 C)

22.5

25

25

25.5

25.5

25.5

25.5

25.5

26.1

26.1

26.1

26.6

Rainfall(mm)

198

340

431

350

280

230

160

71

15

12

15

66

  1.  Suggest the type of climate of station Y.
  2.  Calculate the daily mean temperature.
  3. Find the mean annual temperature.
  4. Find the annual rainfall for station Y.
  5. Mention any four crops that can be grown in station Y.

8. Describe five advantages of natural gas production in Tanzania

9. Describe six characteristics of small scale agriculture. 

 

10.Using examples, explain five problems facing livestock farming in Africa.

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO GEOGRAPHY EXAM SERIES 33

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

PHYSICS  FORM-2

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

Instructions 

1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.

2.  Answer all questions.

3.  All answers must be written in the spaces provided

4.  All writing must be in blue or black ink except drawings which must be in pencil.

5.  All communication devices, calculators and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.

6.  Write your Examination Number at the top right hand corner of every page.

7.  Where necessary the following constants may be used:

(i) Acceleration due to gravity, 3 g = 10m / s2. 3 (ii) Density of water = 1g / cm or 1000kg / m .

SECTION A (30 MARKS)

1. For each of the items (i) - (xx), choose the correct answer from the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provided.

(i)  Why Physics, Chemistry and Biology are natural science subjects?

  1.  They need practical and theory work for learning.
  2.  They need only theory for learning.
  3.  They need practical work only.
  4.  They need only observation.

 (ii)  Which of the following is a safety precaution in the Physics laboratory?

  1.  Doing experiment in the laboratory
  2.  Handling of apparatus in the laboratory
  3.  Use equipment with care in the laboratory
  4. Do anything in the laboratory

 (iii)  Which instrument will you use to measure accurately the inside diameter of a bottle neck?

  1.  tape measure.
  2.  micrometer screw gauge.
  3.  metre rule.
  4. Vernier calipers.

 (iv)  Which of the following statements is correct about mass?

  1.  It is measured by beam balance
  2.  It is measured by spring balance 
  3.  It varies with place 
  4.  It can be zero.

 (v)  A hydrometer is an instrument used to measure

  1.  the volume of liquids. 
  2. the density of liquids.
  3. the density of solids.
  4. the volume of solids.

(vi)One of the following is the condition for a body to float in water:

  1. The mass of a floating body is greater than displaced water.
  2. The density of the body must be less than the density of the fluid.
  3. The upthrust due to the liquid must be smaller than the weight of the body.
  4. The displaced water is less than the floating body.

 (vii)In a solid state the force of attraction between molecules is greater because particles are:

  1. closely packed together.
  2. somehow apart.
  3. not closely packed together.
  4. moved so randomly.

 (viii)The phenomenon observed when maize flour is poured on top of water is called:

  1. diffusion. 
  2.  capillarity.
  3. surface tension.
  4. osmosis.

 (ix)Density and height are factors which affect pressure in:

  1. solid.
  2. solid and liquid.
  3. liquid.
  4. gas.

 (x)When a body is performing a work, it is said to have:

  1. moment.
  2. energy.
  3. momentum
  4. work.

(xi)How can a real image be distinguished from a virtual image?

  1. Real image is inverted while virtual image is upright.
  1. imageReal image is upright while virtual image is inverted.
  1. Virtual image is formed by convergent rays while real image is formed by divergent rays.
  2. Real image is formed by convergent rays while virtual image is formed by divergent rays.

 (xii)Why is an atom electrically neutral?

  1. It consists of equal number of electrons
  2. It consists of equal number of protons and electrons.
  3. It consists of equal number of electrons and neutrons.
  4. It consists of equal number of protons and neutrons.

 

(xiii)A potential difference of 12V is applied across a resistor of resistance 24 0. The current in a circuits is:

  1. 0.5A
  2. 2A
  3. 0.5?
  4. 288?

 (xiv)If a North pole is used in the stroking method of magnetization, the end where the stroking begins is:

  1. South pole 
  2. North pole 
  3. West
  4.  East.

 (xv)Figure 1 shows a ruler balanced by placing the loads at its ends. What is the weight X?

image

Figure 1

  1. 5N
  2. 0.5N
  3.  IOON 
  4.  200N

 

(xvi)ln Figure 1 the angle of reflection is equal to:

image

Figure. 1

  1. 500
  2. 400
  3. 1300
  4. 450

 (xvii) Unlike magnetic poles as well as unlike electric charges, when brought close to each other they tend to

  1. attract each other
  2. repel each other
  3. exist in pairs
  4. separate

 (xviii)The resistance of on operating lamp rated 115 V and 0.25 A is

  1. 460 ?
  2. 29 ?
  3. 114.75 ?
  4. 230 ?

 (xix)In which region can the north pole of a magnet be directed?

  1. Towards the geographic North Pole
  2. Towards the geographic South Pole
  3. Along the Equatorial
  4. Along the Coast of Antarctica

(xx)Ability of man to walk properly along a road is one of the applications of

  1. stable equilibrium
  2. unstable equilibrium
  3. neutral equilibrium
  4. neutral and stable equilibrium

2.Match each item in List A with a correct response in List B by writing the letter of the correct response below the number of the corresponding item in List A in the table provided

LIST A

LIST B

(i)An instrument that measures length, depth, internal and external diameters.
(ii)An instrument that measures volumes of liquid.
(iii)An instrument that measures force or pull.
(iv)An instrument that is used to transfer specific amounts of liquids from one container to another.
 (v)An instrument that measures body temperature. 

  1. Measuring cylinder.
  2.  Pipette
  3. Vernier calipers
  4. Glass tumbler
  5. Spring balance
  6. Clinical thermometer
  7. Magdeburg experiment

 

3.Complete each of the following statements by writing the correct answer in the space provided.

(i)Basic physical proportions of measurement which cannot be obtained from any other proportions by either multiplication or division are called. ...

(ii)Staircases, winding roads uphill, wedges and a screw are physical examples of .....

(iii)The resistance of a body to change its state of rest is called ....

(iv)Objects that emit light when they are hot are called ....

(v) Materials which do not obey Hooke's law are known as ......

SECTION B (50 MARKS)

4. (a) Define the following terms as applied in measurements and give two examples:

 (i) Fundamental quantities ______________

 (ii) Derived quantities __________________

 (b) Figure 2 shows a graduated cylinder containing water before and after a stone is immersed.

image

Figure 2

 If the mass of the stone is 50 g, calculate the 

 (i) Volume of the stone.

 (ii) Density of the stone.

5.  (a) (i) List two characteristics of images formed by plane mirrors. 

 (ii) Giver a reason why the sky appears blue during a clear sunny day?

 (b)  Draw the diagram of each of the following:

(i)  Parallel rays of light.

(ii)  Divergent rays of light.

(iii)  Convergent rays of light.

 

6.  (a) Define the term “force” and state its SI unit

(b) A spring balance reads 12 N when a metal block is suspended from it and 10 N when the block is completely immersed in water. Calculate the: 

(i)  Upthrust on the block

(ii)  Relative density of the block

7.  (a) (i) State the law of conservation of linear momentum. 

  (ii) Define the term “elastic collision”.

(b) A body of mass 8 kg moving with a velocity of 20 m/s collides with another body of mass 4 kg moving with a velocity of 10 m/s in the same direction. The velocity of the 8 kg body is reduced to 15 m/s after the collision. If the bodies do not stick together after the collision, calculate the final velocity of the 4 kg body.

 

8.(a) Define each of the following terms as applied in physics:

(i)Work

(ii)Energy image

(iii)Power image

(iv)Density

(b) A force of ION acts on a stationary object of 5kg. This action causes an object to move along a smooth horizontal surface for 8 seconds before image stopping. What is the velocity of the object?

SECTION C.

9.(a) What is energy?

(b) State the principle of conservation of energy.

 (c) A motor exerts a horizontal force of 200N in pulling a box 10m across a level floor. How much work did the motor do?

10. (a) Define the word coulomb.

(b) States Ohms law.

(c) Two resistors of 30 and 60 are connected in parallel to a 3V battery.

(i)Draw the schematic diagram.

(ii)Find the effective resistance of the circuit.

(iii)Calculate the current passing through the 60 resistor.

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO PHYSICS EXAM SERIES 32

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

CHEMISTRY FORM-2

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

INSTRUCTIONS. 

  1. This paper consists of sections A and B with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in spaces provided.
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink except drawing which must be in pencil.
  4. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.
  6. The following atomic masses may be used; H =1, N =14, O = 16, S = 32, Ca = 40

 

SECTION A (20 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) –(x), choose the correct answer from the among the given alternatives and write its letter in the box provide.

(i) Chemistry is defined as:

  1. The scientific study of matter, compounds and chemical reactions
  2. The scientific study of compounds, mixtures and organic substances
  3. The scientific study of composition, structure and properties of matter
  4. The study of relation between human being, medicine and pollution.

(ii) A non-luminous flame is the most applicable flame for heating purposes because:

  1. It is very noisy
  2. It has no soot
  3. It is very hot
  4. It has no colour

(iii) Matter is defined as anything that has:

  1. Volume and occupies space
  2. Mass and occupies space
  3. Mass and occupies density 
  4. Density and space

 (iv) Which of the following process is used in preventing rust of an iron?

  1. Water
  2. Boiling
  3. Salting
  4. Galvanization

 (v) Water is a universal solvent because:

  1. It is available everywhere
  2. It boils at 1000C
  3. It dissolves most of the solutes
  4. It dissolves all crystals in compounds

(vi) Which among the following are the two processes involved during distillation?

  1. Evaporation and sublimation 
  2. Evaporation and crystallization
  3. Evaporation and condensation 
  4. Evaporation and decantation

 (vii) Which of the following set of nuclide notation represents isotopes? 

  1. 18 X 16 X 19
  2. 18 X 18 X X 
  3.  16 x 18 x 1890x 
  4.  16 X 1789x,

 (viii) The chemical used to test the presence of water in a substance is:

     A. Cobalt Il oxide                        B. Cobalt 111 oxide

    C.  Cobalt chloride     D.   Copper Il chloride

image (ix) When a burning fuel produces blue colour it means there is:

   A. adequate supply of oxygen with production of soot

   B. inadequate supply of oxygen with production of more heat.

image  C. inadequate supply of oxygen with production of soot.

   D. adequate supply of oxygen with production of more heat.

image(x) Which of the following is the best apparatus for measuring accurately a fixed volume of a given solution?

 A. Measuring cylinder          B. Beaker

   C. Pipette                            D. Burette

 

2. Match each item in List A with a correct response in List B by writing its letter bellow the number of the corresponding item in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

  1. Group of elements which react quickly with water to form alkaline solution.
  2. The ability of an atom to attract an electron.
  3. Group of elements in which their shells are completely filled up.
  4. A vertical column of elements in the periodic table.
  5. Group element which react slowly with water to form alkaline solution.

A. Metalloids

B. Non-metals

C. Periodicity

D. T r a n s i t i o n

elements

E. Electro negativity

F. Alkali metals

G. Halogens

H. Periodic law

I. Alkali earth metals

J. Rare non metals

K. Period

L. Noble gases

M. Periodic table

N. Group

 

 

          SECTION B. 80 MARKS

3.(a) Define the following terms:

(i)Oxidation state image

(ii)An element .......„

(iii)A compound

(iv)Fainting 

(b)Write the chemical formula for each of the following compounds:

(i)Sodium sulphate image

(ii)Sodium chloride .. image

(iii)Calcium nitrate ......... (iv) Calcium oxide .

4.Gas X can be prepared in the laboratory by the decomposition of hydrogen peroxide.

(a)Identify gas X .. image

(b)State three physical properties of Gas X

imageMention three chemical properties of gas X. (d) State three uses of gas X.

5.Write the name of each of the following compounds:

(i)(NH4)2C03

(ii)CaCl2

(iii) NaSO4

(iv) KC103

(b)Give three differences between the following:

(i)   imageElectrovalent compounds and covalent compounds. (ii) Solutions and suspensions.

6.(a) Define the following terms:

(i)Covalent bond

(ii)Electrovalent bond

(b)      A compound consists of 82.8% carbon and 17.2% hydrogen by mass. The vapour density of the compound is 29. Calculate:

(i)Empirical formula.

(ii)Molecular formula.

7.(a) Define the following terms as applied in Chemistry:

(i)Flame image

(ii)Bunsen burner

(iii)Laboratory

(b)      List four properties of each of the following:

(i)       A luminous flame

(ii)     A non-luminous flame

8.(a) Write a word equation for each of the following reactions:

(i)Calcium burns in Oxygen .........

(ii)Sodium reacts with water ... ... ...

(b)      What do you understand by the following terms?

(i)       Water treatment

(ii)     Water purification

(c)       Mention six uses of water in economic activities.

9.(a) Mention four physical properties of water.

(b)      What will happen when:

(i)       a burning splint of wood is introduced into a gas jar containing oxygen gas 

(ii)     oxygen gas reacts with metals . 

(iii)   hydrogen gas reacts with oxygen gas .........

(c)      List four uses of hydrogen in our daily life.

10.           What do you understand by the term "valency"?

(b) Calculate the oxidation number of the underlined elements: (i) NaOH

(i) CO3

(iii) Na3P04

(iv) NO2

(v) S02

(c) State the importance of changes of state in daily life.

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO CHEMISTRY EXAM SERIES 31

THE PRESIDENT'S OFFICE

MINISTRY OF REGIONAL GOVERNMENT AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT

AUGUST-SEPTEMBER   EXAMINATION SERIES

BIOLOGY  FORM-2

2020

TIME: 2:30 HRS

Instructions. 

  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of eleven (11) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in section A and B and one (1) question from section C
  3. All writing must be in blue or black ink except drawing which must be in pencil.
  4. Calculators, cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number at the top right corner of every page.

 

SECTION A (30 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

(i)The following are methods involved when scientists study things systematically except:

  1. Identifying the problem
  2. Guess the conclusion
  3. Formulating hypothesis
  4. Experimentation

(ii)Which part of a microscope is responsible for magnification of a specimen?

  1. Mirror
  2. Eyepiece
  3. Stage
  4. Base

(iii)Which step will you first take when giving First Aid to a bus accident victim who has severe bleeding?

  1. Wash the wound with plenty of water to remove blood.
  2. Loosen the tightened clothes to supply oxygen to the victim.
  3. Use your finger to apply pressure direct to the bleeding point.
  4. Ask the person to go to hospital immediately.

(iv)A viral disease transmitted through sexual intercourse is known as.

  1. gonorrhoea
  2. typhoid
  3. AIDS
  4. small pox

(v)In the human digestive system the stomach is known as:

  1. a tissue
  2. a cell
  3. an organ
  4. an organism

(vi) Which of the following is not a proper method of waste disposal?

  1. Use of landfill
  2. Make pit latrine
  3. Recycling of materials
  4. Burning plastic waste at home

(vii)An organism with a rigid protective wall made up of chitin material is a representative of which Kingdom?

  1. Fungi
  2. Monera
  3. Plantae
  4. Protoctista

(viii)The disease and disorder of the human circulatory system includes:

  1. Arteriosclerosis and heart burn
  2. Blood pressure and sickle cell anemia
  3. Blood pressure and oedema
  4. Leukemia and heart burn.

(ix)The end product of fat/lipids in digestion process is called:

  1. Amino acid
  2. Peptide
  3. Glucose
  4. Fatty acids and glycerol

(x)The product of anaerobic respiration process in animals is:

  1. uric acid
  2. lactic acid
  3. sulfuric acid
  4. hydrochloric acid

2.Write TRUE if the statement is correct or FALSE if the statement is not correct.

i) A microscope is an instrument used to observe small objects which cannot be seen by using our naked eyes .........

(ii) Plant cells possess cellulose cell walls while animal cells do not .........

(iii)We can use dry wooden stick to move a victim of electric shock from the imagesource of electric current. .........

(iv)Botanists study both plants and animals .........

(v)It is safe to warm the room by using charcoal when people are sleeping the whole night inside the room .........

(vi) Onions store food in leaves while carrots store food in root tubers .........

(vii) Gaseous exchange in fish takes place through spiracles .........

(viii)Materials which can be recycled include aluminium cans and magazines

(ix)All living things are made up of small units known as cells .........

(x)Biology is the study of non-living things .........

3.Match the phrases in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the correct response from List B below the item number of List A in the table provided.

LIST A

LIST B

(i) A term used for organisms with four chambered stomach.

(ii) Malnutritional disorder caused by deficiency of protein in children.

(iii)Enzymes responsible for digestion of protein.

(iv)Malformation of bones caused by deficiency of vitamin "D" in the diet.

(v)Failure to see in dim light due to deficiency of vitamin A" in a diet.

Painful sensation caused by regurgitation of stomach contents. image

(vii) Bleeding of gums and poor healing of the wound due to deficiency of vitamin "C".

(viii)Painful sore in the lining of the digestive

system.

(ix)The substance responsible for coagulation of milk.

(x)A person has loss of appetite, and loss of imagenervous sensation due to deficiency of vitamin "Bl" in a diet.

  1.  Night .blindness
  2. Scurvy
  3. Pepsin
  4. Pellagra
  5. Beri-beri
  6. Ulcers
  7. Rickets
  8. Kwashiorkor 
  9. Marasmus 
  10. Dental caries
  11. Heartburn
  12. Rennin
  13. Anorexia nervosa
  14. Ruminants
  15. Bulimia nervosa

SECTION B

4.(a) List the major groups of living organisms. (Mention 5)

(b)Figure 1 represents an organism which feeds on dead organic matter. Study the diagram carefully then answer the questions that follow:

image

(i)What is the name of organisms in Figure 1?

(ii)Name the part labelled with letter A.

(iii) Mention the Phylum in which the organism you named in (a) (i) belongs.

(c) Outline two disadvantages of Kingdom Fungi.

5.What do you understand by the term "Personal hygiene"?

(b) State four principles of personal hygiene. (c) State four principles of good manners:

6.Define the following terms:

(i) Diffusion (ii) Osmosis

(b) Explain why a red blood cell immersed in a low concentrated solution bursts?

(c) State one function of each of the following blood cells:

(i) Red blood cells (Erythrocytes) (ii) Platelets

7.(a) What is First Aid?

(b) List four components of the First Aid Kit.

(c) State the procedures of giving First Aid to a person who has been bitten by a snake.

8.Define the terms "food chain" and "food web" as used in Biology.

(b) Construct a food chain by using the following organisms:

Grasses, Snake, Grasshopper, Frog.

(c) Explain the significance of food chain and food web in the real life situation. (Mention 2)

SECTION C

9. Explain the causes, mode of transmission and prevention measures of cholera as one of the communicable diseases in Tanzania.

10. Describe the causes, mode of transmission and prevention measures of Tuberculosis disease in the respiratory system.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

LEARNINGHUBTZ.CO.TZFORM TWO BIOLOGY EXAM SERIES 30

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