TIME: 1:40HR


  1. This paper consists of three sections; A, B and C with a total of 8 questions
  2. All answers must be written in blue or black ink.
  3. Remember to write your name and other particulars in the given spaces.
  4. Answer all questions according to the instructions in each section.
  5. Keep your work neat and smart.
  6. Cellular phones, tablets and calculators are not allowed in the examination room.


  1. For items (i-x) Choose the correct answer from the alternatives given and write answer on space provided.
  1. Which of the following refers to all things that surround human beings?

A. Forests B. Environment    C. Settlements   D. Mountains  

  1. Which of the following activities can destroys the environment?

A. Mining   B. zero grazing    C. Garbage collection   D. Recycling  

  1. Keeping a large size of livestock in a small area can cause.

A. Livestock getting fat   B. pastoralists get tired   C. Soil erosion   D. Addition of pasture  

  1. Tanganyika became Republic in __________________

A. 1961   B.1964   C. 1962   D.1977

  1. Chama cha Mapinduzi (CCM) is the combination of two political parties which are____

A.ASP and TAA   B.TANU and TAA  C. ASP and KANU    D.TANU and ASP 

  1. The first president of Zanzibar was _____________

A.Abeid Aman Karume   B. Amani Abeid   C. Mohamed Shamte   D. Dr. Omar Ali Juma              

  1. The first prime minister of Tanganyika was______________

A. Edward Sokoine   B . Rashid Kawawa     C. J.K. Nyerere   D. Ali Hassan Mwinyi 

  1. The collection of public and private documents is called _________________

A. Archives   B. Oral Tradition    C. Museums  D. written records 

  1. Zanzibar revolution was led by field marshal leader whose name is ____________

A. Julius Kambarage Nyerere   B. Iddi Amin    C. John Okello   D. Written Records  

  1. The first general election under multipartism in Tanzania was conducted in ___________

A. 1992    B. 1995    C. 1994   D. 1993   

  1. The passing of information through word of mouth is called ________

A. Oral Tradition   B. Museums   C. Historical sites   D. Archives   

  1. The leader of Majimaji war was called _____________

A. Chief Mirambo   B. KinjekitileNgwale   C. MangiSina   D. Julius  K. Nyerere 

  1. The movement of wind from the sea to the land is called__________                                             A. Land Breeze   B. Sea Breeze   C. Cool winds   D. Hot winds
  2. Destruction of Ozone layer can cause ______________

A. Global warming   B. Air pollution   C. Soil erosion   D. Soil fertility increase  

  1. Which of the following activities can protect our environment?

A. Overgrazing   B. reforestation   C. deforestation  D. Overstocking                               


  1. Match the items in LIST A with the phrases in LIST B by writing the letter of  correct response.







Oral tradition





Arusha declaration








Cutting down trees


Springs, rivers, lakes



Sources of water





Socialism and self-reliance



  1. Fill in the blanks (@2marks)
  1. A period of one thousand years is called……………………….
  2. Pressure is measured by an instrument called…………………
  3. A place where cultural, economic and social historical things and events are preserved is.
  4. The first East Africa community was formed in the year……………………
  5. The habits, traditions, and beliefs of a particular society is called…………


  1. Complete the following statements by providing correct answers
  1. Flooding is caused by excessive rains. Give two effects of floods
  2. Give two modern devices which can be used for storing historical information
  3. There are four seasons of the year. Mention two activities which takes place during dry season
  4. Identify any two bad traditions and their effect in our society
  5. Mention two objectives of EAC
  1. Study the figure of a colonial African leader and answer questions that follow


  1. The above leader was for the Hehe community, mention him
  2. Mention one achievement of the leader in struggle for independence.
  3. Name the Germany battalion who led war against the Hehe under Mukwawa
  4. In which country was the head of the leader taken after being killed?
  5. The skull of the leader was latter returned, where is it kept?


  1. The temperature of Dar es Salaam at sea level is 30°C, what will be the temperature of Mbeya with altitude 1500 metres above the sea level?
  2. Coastal areas are always warmer compared to highland areas. What could be the essence of this situation?  
  3.  (a) Name the diagram shown below.

      (b)  Which weather element is measured by the device in diagram?  

  1. Kasuku went to buy shoes to the shop but he was amazed to see boxes and pieces of newspapers put in the shoes. He decided to ask the seller about the importance of such things in shoes. Which answer do you think Kasuku was given by the seller?  
  2. If the map scale is 1:25000 and its distance is 15cm, what will be the actual ground distance? 


7. Weather is the average weather of a certain area recorded for a period of at least 30 years.

i. There are three main factors that affect the climate, name two factors.

ii. Deforestation and the use of fossil fuels can cause an increase in what in the world?







SOCIAL STUDIES                               CLASS 6

NAME...................................................................................   DATE......................

SECTION A (40 Marks)

Choose the correct answer and fill its letter besides the question number in the brackets provided.

  1. The great leader of the Hehe tribe was formerly known as....................

  1. Bakama
  2. Mtwa
  3. Kabaka
  4. Omukama
  5. Mwanamutapa

  1. Tanganyika largest slave market was..................

  1. Malindi
  2. Pangani
  3. Kilwa
  4. Bagamoyo
  5. Zanzibar

  1. The second group of colonialists to arrive in Africa was...........

  1. Traders
  2. Explorers
  3. Missioners
  4. Settlers
  5. Arabs

  1. The freedom torch was first light and placed on Mount Kilimanjaro on...............

  1. 9/12/1961
  2. 9/01/1961
  3. 09/12/1962
  4. 20/01/1964
  5. 01/01/1960

  1. A multi-party system was introduced in the country in 1992. One of the reasons for the introduction of this system was

  1. Increase the number of voters
  2. Change of leadership of the country

  1. The opposition can take over the country
  2. Pressure from international financial institutions
  3. To bring unity and solidarity among citizens
  1. There are seven layers of earth. Which layer prevents the suns intense rays from harming living organisms?

  1. Henisfia
  2. Ayanusfia
  3. Lithosfia
  4. Ozone
  5. Mesosfia

  1. The climate of any area is affected by three main factors, which of the following are not the main factors?

  1. A wind
  2. Latitude of a particular area

  1. From sea level
  2. Landscape
  3. Climate

  1. The average climate of a particular area recorded over a long period of 30 years is..........

  1. Climate
  2. Landscape
  3. Weather
  4. Wind
  5. Temperature

  1. Forest Act No.14 aimed at controlling the buse of forest products preventing deforestation came into effect in the year

  1. 2001
  2. 2005
  3. 2010
  4. 2002
  5. 2004

  1. Tanzania has more than .......... tribe

  1. 200
  2. 220
  3. 120
  4. 125
  5. 115

  1. The first president of Zanzibar, the late Abeid Amani Karume died in what year?

  1. 1972
  2. 1982
  3. 1992
  4. 1999
  5. 2021

  1. The societies whose basis of economy is hunting and gathering in Tanzania are.........

  1. Pogoro and Sandawe
  2. Tindiga, Fipa and Maasai
  3. Hadzabe, Tindiga and Sabdawae
  4. Gogo, Haya and Hehe
  5. Zaramo and Sandawe

  1. The Africa united A.U was formed on 9th July in 2002. Who was the first chairman of?

  1. Thabo Mbeki
  2. Nelson Mandela
  3. Muammar Gadaffi
  4. Julius Nyerere
  5. Robert Mugabe

  1. Loss of soil Fertility which in turn causes a decline in the production of crops and livestock is caused by

  1. Environmental degradation
  2. Soil Pollution
  3. Land pollution
  4. Deforestation
  5. Afforestation

  1. As the altitude rises from sea level the temperature decreases by

  1. 0.6°C every 100 meters
  2. 6.0°C every 100meters
  3. 0.6°C every 100 meters
  4. 1.6°C every 100 meters
  5. 1.6°C every 1000 meters

  1. Which institution is responsible for protecting national parks and official sites in Tanzania?

  5. T.C.R.A

  1. What causes the melting of snow on the top of Mount Kilimanjaro?

  1. Earthquakes
  2. Volcanic eruption
  3. Global warming
  4. Tsunami
  5. Floods

  1. Which of the following countries is not a VETO in the United Nations

  1. France
  2. Russia
  3. China
  4. Germany
  5. England

  1. Culture is the system of life of a people in society. Is also passed from one generation to the next in many ways. Which is not the way to inherit culture?

  1. Through word of mouth
  2. Imitate
  3. Home education
  4. Writing and drawing
  5. Ethic wars

  1. An ecologist who discovered the oldest human skull in the area of Olduvai Gorge was known as.

  1. Dr. Louis Leakey
  2. Dr. Livingstone
  3. Karl Peters
  4. Dr. Charles Darwin
  5. Vasco Da Gama

  1. What an illegal trade that was against human rights in African history

  1. Colonialism
  2. Ivory
  3. Slave trade
  4. Collaboration
  5. Imperialism

  1. The earth has two cycles i.e. the earth ratates itself on its axis and orbits the sun. When the sun is in the equator.

  1. March 21 and September 23
  2. March 22 and October 2
  3. June 21
  4. December 22
  5. June 21 and December 22

  1. When the Helgoland treat was signed?

  1. 1822
  2. 1845
  3. 1893
  4. 1873
  5. 1890

  1. One of the following is the element that’s creates the climate

  1. Valleys
  2. Steep slopes
  3. River
  4. Mountains
  5. Clouds

  1. A natural disaster where typical land area is covered with a sudden amount of water is called...........

  1. Desert
  2. Food
  3. Droughts
  4. Rain
  5. Sea

  1. Tanganyika got its independence in what year?

  1. 1961
  2. 1964
  3. 1967
  4. 1992
  5. 1963

  1. Meat, dairy, and manure are the benefits of rearing..........

  1. Chicken
  2. Fish
  3. Cow
  4. Beds
  5. Ducks

  1. Crops brings us a lot of foreign exchange which we use to buy various necessities. Which crops exported in bulk Tanzania

  1. Pyrethrum
  2. Coffee
  3. Rubber
  4. Cotton
  5. Cashews

  1. Areas with large trees and dense forests are found in which of the following areas

  1. Mediterranean
  2. Equator
  3. A lukewarm states
  4. Mountains
  5. Desert

  1. The image taken in the savanna vegetation’s shows.........

  1. Dense forests
  2. Pointed trees
  3. Umbrella – shaped trees
  4. Tall grass
  5. Short grass

  1. More than seventy-five percent currently Tanzania economy depends on..........

  1. Agriculture
  2. Entrepreneurship
  3. Trade
  4. Globalization
  5. Mining

  1. Which minerals are harder than any of the following?

  1. Diamonds
  2. Gold
  3. Uranium
  4. Rubies
  5. Copper

  1. The missionaries built missionary centres in the Tanga region in ana area known as

  1. Amboni
  2. Amani
  3. Muheza
  4. Kipalala
  5. Pongwe

  1. Tanzania is a country blessed with a wide range of minerals. What are minerals from the Manyara region that bring the country a lot of foreign exchange?

  1. Gold
  2. Copper
  3. Diamond
  4. Tin
  5. Tanzanite

  1. Class six pupils have been taught about the historical events that took place within Tanzania. What a historical event occurred in 1978 – 1979?

  1. Kagera war
  2. Maji Maji war
  3. First world war
  4. Second world war
  5. Russia and Ukraine war

  1. Poor farming practices lead to environmental degradation. Which of the following farming methods helps to preserve the environment?

  1. Plowing on sloping
  2. Plowing near water
  3. Intensive farming
  4. Use of modern inputs
  5. Compact farming

  1. How many meters Mount Kilimanjaro has above sea level?

  1. 5589m
  2. 5895
  3. 9855m
  4. 8955m
  5. 8855m

  1. A national leader used by imperialists for their own benefits regardless of the harm to his fellow citizens is known as...........

  1. Bartenders
  2. Landlords
  3. Emperors
  4. Vassals
  5. Benefact

  1. When we draw a map we have to use a scale. Which is a small measure of the map between the following?

  1. 1:10,000
  2. 1:50,000
  3. 1:125,000
  4. 1:500,000
  5. 1:100,000

  1. Among the following organizations, which deals with global financial issues among the following

  1. UNHCR
  2. WHO
  3. ILO
  5. IMF



Fill in the blanks with the correct answer to the spaces provided.

  1. If it is three o’clock in the morning in city A located 30 degrees east, what time will it be in city C located 90° east?...............................................
  2. Akasombo and Enchuma are the traditional dances of which tribe? ...................
  3. What was the purpose of the Berlin Conference held in 1884 1885......................?
  4. In east Africa, how many degrees it is on the map? ................................
  5. In map reading skills what is the elements that defines the meaning of the symbols used in the map








Choose the correct answer.

  1. _____ is an instrument used to measure wind direction.
  1. Wind gauge
  2. Anemometer
  3. Wind vane
  4. Thermometer
  1. When we keep our environment clean, we will avoid ________
  1. Diseases
  2. Eating
  3. Playing
  4. Scarcity
  1. _______ is a system or way of communication between people in society
  1. Beliefs
  2. Language
  3. Communication
  4. Religion
  1. During the stone Age, all tools were made from ____
  1. Bones and stones
  2. Stones
  3. Wood
  4. Iron and stones
  1. The remains of the early man were discovered by _____
  1. Dr. Karl Peters
  2. Dr. Louis Leakey
  3. J.K.Nyerere
  4. Dr. Rebman
  1. The average weather condition for an area which has been recorded for a long period of time is ____
  1. Climate
  2. Weather
  3. Thermometer
  4. humidity
  1. Maji Maji war took place in the ______
  1. Southern part of Tanzania
  2. Southern part of Tanganyika
  3. Northern part of Tanganyika
  4. Central Tanganyika
  1. Among the tribes which were involved in the Maji Maji war were
  1. Kamba, Yao and Ngindo
  2. Chagga, Pare and Makonde
  3. Sambaa, Hehe, Nyamwezi and Ngindo
  4. Makonde, Ngindo and Yao
  1. The skull of the first man was discovered at ________
  1. Olduvai Gorge
  2. Engaruka
  3. Kisumu
  4. Nsongezi
  1. The path which is used by planets to revolve round the sun is known as _____
  1. Orbit
  2. Axis
  3. Satellite
  4. Rotation
  1. A millennium is a period of _______
  1. 10 years
  2. 1000 days
  3. 100 years
  4. 1000 years
  1. The leading cotton producing religions in Tanzania are ______
  1. Mtwara and Lindi
  2. Mbeya and Kilimanjaro
  3. Shinyanga and Mwanza
  4. Tabora and Mara
  1. Fort Jesus was constructed in 1592 in Mombasa by the ______
  1. British
  2. Germans
  3. Arabs
  4. Portuguese
  1. The first city state to develop along the East African coast was _____
  1. Mombasa
  2. Kilwa
  3. Tanga
  4. Bagamoyo
  1. Kwame Nkrumah was the first president of
  1. Nigeria
  2. Ghana
  3. Guinea
  4. Mozambique
  1. Environmental disasters happens due to ______
  1. Increased human population
  2. Misuse of the world resources
  3. Use of nuclear energy
  4. Destruction of the environment by human beings
  1. The following are effects of Leakage of nuclear radioactive materials in the air to humans.
  1. Diseases like cancer and lungs problems
  2. Death and uncontrollable diseases like diarrhea
  3. Death and prolonged typhoid
  4. A series of meningitis
  1. ______ is the overflowing of water due to heavy rainfall tsunami or hurricane
  1. Landslide
  2. Drought
  3. Flooding
  4. Ice melting
  1. Most of the areas affected by floods in Tanzania are ______
  1. Dar es Salaam Morogoro and Kilimanjaro
  2. Iringa, Mbeya and Ruvuma
  3. Mwanza, Dodoma and Karagwe
  4. Kilimanjaro and Arusha
  1. Fukushima disaster which took place in 2011 was about _____
  1. Oil leakage in the Indian Ocean
  2. Flooding in Southern Africa
  3. Prolonged drought in Asia
  4. Nuclear leakage in Japan
  1. Many ocean creatures die after oil spilling in water because _____
  1. Of insufficient oxygen to marine creatures
  2. They are not familiar with oil
  3. Temperature increases in the sea
  4. Oil smells badly to creatures
  1. The removal of the top layer of the soil from one point to another is referred to as ____
  1. Soil erosion
  2. Land slide
  3. Mass wasting
  4. Tsunami
  1. The following are effects caused by drought except ______.
  1. Destruction of habitats of living organisms
  2. Trees becoming dry
  3. Death of living organisms due to thirsty
  4. Increase of vegetation cover
  1. A forestation is _________
  1. Replanting trees in areas where they were cut
  2. A major reason for drought
  3. Cutting down trees in large quantities
  4. Clearing trees for lumbering
  1. The Green Resources Limited have invested much in planting trees in the ______
  1. Rwanda, Burundi and Uganda
  2. Kenya Tanzania and Malawi
  3. Uganda, Tanzania and Malawi
  4. Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda and Mozambique
  1. People can use ________ as alternative sources of energy for cooking so as to protect forests
  1. Firewood and charcoal
  2. Firewood and coal
  3. Gas and coal
  4. Firewood, coal and charcoal
  1. _______ is the best ways of making people understand the effects of environmental destruction.
  1. Education
  2. The use of modern technologies in domestic activities
  3. Enacting environmental laws
  4. Use of force
  1. Weather consists of the following elements except ______
  1. Rainfall
  2. Precipitation
  3. Barometer
  4. Wind
  1. What is not true about the rain gauge?
  1. It is an instrument used to measure the amount of rainfall
  2. It is a special case or container with a test tube inside
  3. It is placed 10 to 30cm above the ground
  4. Its measurements are expressed in millimeters (mm)
  1. Precipitation is the result of ________
  1. Expansion of air
  2. Condensation of air pressure
  3. Rapid condensation of air pressure
  4. Rapid condensation of air moisture
  5. Rainfall
  1. Agricultural activities take place during ________
  1. Wet season
  2. Dry season
  3. September
  4. Winter period
  1. A hero is someone who __________
  1. Devotes himself for his family or society
  2. Struggles for long hours
  3. Works for long hours
  4. Competes for presidency
  1. Mkwavinjika means ____________
  1. Conqueror of land
  2. Hero
  3. Brave and intelligent
  4. A man of the people
  1. _______ led the Convention people’s Party (CPP) to the independence of Ghana
  1. Samora
  2. Mohamed Abdulla
  3. Gamal Abdel Nasser
  4. Kwame Nkrumah
  1. _____ chaired the group of five frontline presidents who advocated for the overthrowing of white supremacy in South Africa, South-West Africa (Namibia) and Zimbabwe.
  1. Mzee Jomo Kenyatta
  2. Kwame Nkrumah
  3. Gamal Abdel Nasser
  4. Julius K. Nyerere
  1. Mandela spent 27 years at ___________ jail because of opposing the apartheid policy.
  1. Roben island
  2. Kwazulu Natal
  3. Cape Town
  4. Cape Province
  1. A barometer is an instrument used to measure _____________
  1. Air pressure
  2. Air temperature
  3. Direction of wind
  4. The speed of wind
  1. The three towns of Tanzania that have cement factories are ______
  1. Mbeya, Zanzibar and Mwanza
  2. Dar es Salaam, Mbeya and Tanga
  3. Arusha, Moshi and Morogoro
  4. Arusha, Tanga and Morogoro
  1. Which of the following is a volcanic mountain?
  1. Kilimanjaro
  2. Kipengere
  3. Uluguru
  4. Ruwenzori
  1. When does the Equator experience overhead sun?
  1. 2nd March and 21st June
  2. 23rd September and 22nd December
  3. 21st March and 23rd September
  4. 21st June and 22nd December



  1. Culture is _______________
  2. Name the three agents of colonialism who came to Tanganyika during the 19th century.
  1. ________________
  2. ________________
  3. ________________
  1. We measure temperature by using ____________
  2. Who was the first European to come to Tanganyika?
  3. Vasco Da Gama discovered the East Africa coast on his way to __________









  1. This paper has four printed pages, forty five(45) questions with sections A and B
  2. Answer all the questions in all sections
  3. Fill all the required information in the OMR form and the page with question number

41 – 45 on the back page of the OMR form

  1. Write your Examination Number and then shade the digits of the number in the respective place on your answer sheer
  2. Shade the letter of the correct answer for each question in the answer sheet provided (OMR) for questions number 1 – 40. For example, if the correct answer is A shade as follows:






  1. If you have to change your answer, you must-rub out the shading very neatly before shading the new one. Use a clean rubber.
  2. Use HB pencil only for questions 1 – 40, and a blue or black ink ball pointed pen for questions number 41 – 45.


Choose the correct answer and shade it on the (OMR) sheet provided for questions 1- 40

  1. Residents of sato village were briefed on how to prevent soil erosion. Which of the following ways wasn’t’ talked about during the briefing
  1. Planting trees
  2. Mono-cropping
  3. Digging terraces
  4. Contour farming
  5. Keeping manageable cattle
  1. I am resource used to preserve many other resources. Who am I?
  1. Water
  2. Land
  3. Minerals
  4. Wild animals
  5. Forests
  1. The main source of environmental degradation in developed countries to day is development of the industries. What is the main source of environmental degradation in Tanzania?
  1. Human activities
  2. Mining
  3. Cash crops production
  4. Food crop production
  5. Farming on the slopes
  1. The act of large rocks or soil falling rapidly on steep slopes because of the forces of tension is called landslide. Which immediate bad effect can landslide cause in the affected area?
  1. Floods
  2. Spreading of magma
  3. Destruction of homes
  4. Minor earth quake
  5. Motor accident
  1. People should avoid constructing along coastal areas. Moreover, enrichment and testing of nuclear bombs and explosives in the ocean should be controlled. Which disaster will have its effects reduced by followings such precautions?
  1. Tsunami
  2. Drought
  3. Floods
  4. Earth quake
  5. hurricane
  1. Interaction between foreigners and Tanzania’s started many years ago. Who were the earliest colonialism to reach at the coast of Tanganyika?
  1. British
  2. Germans
  3. Arabs
  4. French
  5. Portuguese
  1. The aim of Berlin Conference held in 1994 – 1885 was to divide Africa continent. What else was agreed upon in this conference, among the following?
  1. Planning Anglo-German agreement
  2. Independence of Africans
  3. Colonizing Zanzibar
  4. Recognizing German chancellor as a rule of Congo
  5. Abolishing slave trade
  1. Mr. Kiduku wants to measure the amount of water vapour in air. Which device will he use?
  1. Barometer
  2. Anemometer
  3. Thermometer
  4. Hygrometer
  5. Wind vane
  1. Among the following Europeans, who arrived the earliest at the East African Coast in 5th century, from Portugal?
  1. William Mackinnon
  2. Carl Peters
  3. Otto Von Bismarck
  4. Vasco da Gama
  5. Batholomew Diaz
  1. After the Berlin conference, the African continent was conquered by imperial powers. Which common method did they use establish colonialism?
  1. Companies
  2. Conquest
  3. Bogus treaties
  4. Negotiations
  5. Elections
  1. Environment can be divided into two depending on the existence of life. Which group has only the non-living components of the environment, among the following?
  1. Silt, sand and concrete
  2. Pebbles, trees and air
  3. Concrete, soil and orange tree
  4. Stones, trees and birds
  5. Air, insects and wood
  1. In which year did the revolutionary government of Zanzibar lose her first African president?
  1. 1998
  2. 1999
  3. 1972
  4. 1973
  5. 2000
  1. Improper waste disposal is a dangerous act in the environment. Which disease can rise from it?
  1. Cholera
  2. Malaria
  3. U.T.I
  4. Cough
  5. Chicken pox
  1. Morogoro located at 500 meters above the sea level has a temperature of 29°C. What will be the temperature in Iringa located at 1500 metres above the sea level?
  1. 30°C
  2. 23°C
  3. 35°C
  4. 29.6°C
  5. 28.4°C
  1. Rainfall occurs from accumulation of clouds through condensation. Which factor among the following, contributes to receiving rainfall?
  1. Peace in the area
  2. Population
  3. Crop cultivation
  4. Livestock
  5. Vegetation cover
  1. During which season do you think the price of sweater and Jackets is likely to increase due to the high demand of such clothes in Tanzania?
  1. Sunny
  2. Autumn
  3. Winter
  4. Dry
  5. Wet
  1. Tanzania has many ethnic groups doing different economic activities. What is the famous ethnic group either living or having their ancestral home in Mtwara region?
  1. Ha
  2. Samba
  3. Makonde
  4. Chagga
  5. Zaramo
  1. There are many traditional games like Bao, spear throwing and object targeting. What do such games mainly signify?
  1. Getting income
  2. Uniting different groups of people
  3. Deterring ages
  4. Difference in understanding
  5. Number of tribes
  1. The colonial resistance in the coastal areas was led by traders. Which trader had a military base in this area led the Germans to send Major von Wissmann to end it?
  1. Mtemi Mnigumbe
  2. Bwana Heri
  3. Mirambo
  4. Mangi Sina
  5. Abushiri bin Sultan
  1. The traditions and customs of Africans even before colonialist were very important. How did they help people especially the youth?
  1. To become brave and respect each one’s dignity
  2. To depend on the white people
  3. To train racism and hate Europeans
  4. To study hard and be employed
  5. To do business especially about the famous coastal trade
  1. Humans have passed through various periods of development according to modern evolutionary studies rooted from the work of Charles Darwin’s theory. Which ‘Age’ first experienced the exchange of goods due to high production?
  1. Technological
  2. Old and New Stone
  3. Iron
  4. Middle Stone
  5. Early Stone
  1. The liberation struggle in Africa involved efforts by Africans to free themselves from colonialism. Which country among the following never had such struggles?
  1. Congo (DRC)
  2. Zanzibar
  3. Liberia
  4. South Africa
  5. Zimbabwe
  1. The United National Independence Party (UNIP) is a political party that led to independence of Northern Rhodesia (Zambia today) in 1964. Which leader was behind this success?
  1. Milton Obote
  2. Sir Abubakar Tafawa
  3. Nelson Mandela
  4. Jomo Kenyatta
  5. Kenneth Kaunda
  1. The East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) meets twice a year and its one of the decision-making organs of the East African community (EAC) besides the General Assembly. How many times does the EAC General Assembly sit officially in a year?
  1. 5
  2. 4
  3. 3
  4. 2
  5. 1
  1. Which of the following is NOT a musical instrument?
  1. Drum
  2. Marimba
  3. Flute
  4. Sindimba
  5. Rattle
  1. How does pruning help flowers to grow better in our environment?
  1. To produce manure by themselves
  2. Flowers to grow shorter
  3. New flowers grow
  4. Adding water in branches
  5. Freeing spacing branches of flowers
  1. What is the best method for preparing sweet potatoes without involving cooking oil?
  1. Boiling
  2. Seaming
  3. Frying
  4. Roasting
  5. Heating
  1. Which reason is given as to why people are emphasized to practice high level body hygiene during their adolescence stage?
  1. Old age
  2. Body changes
  3. Much sweats
  4. Carelessness
  5. Manual work
  1. If it is 8:00 am at longitude 15 degrees East, what time will it be along longitude 15 degrees West?
  1. 6:00 AM
  2. 12:00AM
  3. 7:00AM
  4. 6:00AM
  5. 10:00AM
  1. Country “X” is located along latitude 66½ degrees South of the Equator. Which latitude is country X located?
  1. Antarctic
  2. Arctic
  3. Pole
  4. Equator
  5. Tropic of cancer
  1. Who among the following people supports the development of an entrepreneur?
  1. Customer
  2. Well-wisher
  3. Opportunist
  4. Area chairperson
  5. investor
  1. Which factors determine the size of any map drawn?
  1. Key, aim
  2. Title, scale
  3. Area, details
  4. Frame, tools
  5. Lines, compass
  1. In which way does the natural satellite of the Earth help human beings, among the following?
  1. To produce light
  2. To count days of an month
  3. To count star
  4. To control cloud cover
  5. To control temperature
  1. The type of transport that is mainly used to transport liquids and gases is pipeline transport. Which country is connected by TAZAMA pipeline from Tanzania?
  1. Uganda
  2. Zambia
  3. Zimbabwe
  4. Burundi
  5. Malawi
  1. Population is the total number of people living in a particular area. Among the following methods, which one MAY NOT help to obtain the population or its estimates in a country?
  1. Census
  2. General elections
  3. Research
  4. Registration of births
  5. Travel information
  1. Which one among the following events is experiences through the revolution of the Earth on 21st March and 23rd September?
  1. Umbra
  2. Penumbra
  3. Aphelion
  4. Perihelion
  5. equinox
  1. Resources are mainly meat to contribute to national income and development. Which resource takes a portion of the government budget to construct and the citizens?
  1. Protected areas
  2. Forest
  3. Land
  4. Infrastructure
  5. Tanzanite
  1. Agriculture is the backbone of the Tanzania’s economy. Which crop among the following is grown only commercial purposes and not otherwise?
  1. Cassava
  2. Sunflower
  3. Maize
  4. Sisal
  5. banana
  1. The central zone of Tanzania is characterized by the semi-arid condition. Which region makes part of this zone among the following
  1. Mara
  2. Singida
  3. Dar es Salaam
  4. Tanga
  5. Ruvuma
  1. The Maasai and Baribaig from Manyara and Arusha regions make part of Tanzania’s pastoral communities. What is the way through which these communities feed their livestock?
  1. Long distance movements
  2. Tethering
  3. Zero-grazing
  4. Free-range
  5. Grazing


Answer the following questions by writing the answer in the space provided.

  1. Some entrepreneurs do illegal practices which harm government revenue and at times affect consumers. Identify two of these illegal practices.
  2. Briefly explain two bad effects of strong wind on the people or the environment
  3. Your friend wants to be a successful entrepreneur in future. In two ways, advise him/her on what he/she will do to succeed.
  4. Your uncle has a business in which he makes liquid soap. Explain your advice how he can best pack his product for customers
  5. Your young sibling seriously needs a doll to pay with but parents have no money to buy the modern doll for her. As a pupil with vocational skills, identify any four material you can use to help and forge any doll for her.








Time1:30 Hours

Pupil’s Name............................................................


  1. This paper consists of section A and B with total of forty five questions
  2. Answer all questions in each section
  3. For questions 1-40 put your choice in the box provided
  4. For question 41-45 write your answer by filling the spaces provided
  5. All communication devices and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room


1.The process of protecting and taking care of something from being destroyed is called 

  1. Environment
  2. Conservation
  3. Destroying
  4. Degradation

2.It is the main agent of environmental destraction 

  1. Human activities
  2. Transport activities
  3. Global warming
  4. Drought

3.The increase of temperature on the earth’s atmosphere 

  1. Deforestation
  2. Afforestation
  3. Global warning
  4. Charcoal burning

4.Among the following activities is not harmful to the environment 

(A)deforestation (B)afforestation (C) mining (D)bush burning 

5.The energy source mostly in rural areas is 

(A)electricity (B)natural gas (C)kerosene (D)firewood 

6.Energy from the sun is called (A) solar energy (B)lunar (C)power (D)people power

7.Among the following human activities cause soil erosion 

(A) rainfall (B)burning and fishing (C) fishing and deforestation (D)overgrazing and deforestation

8.The following are elements of weather except (A)soil (B)wind (C)humidity (D)rainfall

9.Which of the following symbols is found in the Tanzania presidential flag

(A)national flag (B)uhuru torch (C)coat of arms

10.Tanzania is the union of two countries which are Tanganyika and Zanzibar. Each year we celebrate the union of two countries is ___________

(A)24/12 (B)26/4 (C)9/12/1961 (D)26/4/1964

11.What are the things which make Mtera and Nyumba ya Mungu dam be potential. 

(A)tourists and transportation (B)industries (C)amount of fish (D)generate electricity

12.The national flag has four colour which represent the most important elements in our nation which colour represents rivers, likes and sea (A)green (B)black (C)blue (D)yellow 

13.A patriot is a person who. (A)works hard (B)was born in a country (C)helps those in problems (D)is ready to die for his nation

14.The first European to come to Tanganyika is 

(A)the Portuguese (B)arabs (C)the Germany (D)the British 

15.The Berlin conference was organized by chancellor otton von Bismark with the aim dividing the African continent into calories in (A)1884-1885 (B)1880-1884 (C)1881-1884 (D)1885-1886

16.The Arusha declaration was announced on.

(A)5th February 1977 (B)12th January 1964 (C)7th April 1972 (D)5th February 1967

17.To preserve water sources means to 

(A)use it to the maximum (B)allow water from the factories to enter rivers, lakes and the ocean  (C)use and take care of water sources for us and for coming generations (D)leaves farmers do their activities near water sources.

18.Which one among the following helps to increase level of water in water sources? (A)overgrazing (B)presence of trees in an area (C)fire forest (D)none of the above.

19.The headquarters of East African community is in 

(A)Nairobi (B)Bujumbura (C)Arusha (D)Kampala 

20.The East African community has ________ members 

(A)Five (B) six (C)three (D)all of the above are correct 

21.The condition of a place observed and recorded over a long period of time is called 

(A)weather (B)drought (C)climate (D)global warning 

22. The distance from the equator is called (A)altitude (B)latitude (C)longitude (D)relief 

23.Among the following areas receive high rainfall except 

(A)Njombe (B)Iringa (C)Dodoma (D)Kilimanjaro

24.What is the major cause of global warming 

(A)carbon dioxide (B)human activities (C) methane and zone (D)water vapour 

25.Among the following is a natural hazard except

(A)drought (B)earthquake (C)floods (D)accidents 

26.The following are drought resistant crops except 

(A)millet (B)bananas (C)soighum (D)cassava

27.What has caused the snow cover on Mt.Kilimanjaro decrease ____________

(A)drought (B)floods (C)climate (D)global warming 

28.The following are effects of drought except (A)increase in harvest (B)death of people and livestock (C)drying of water sources (D)increased conflict between farmers and pastoralist

29.The following is a solution to floods. (A)building houses near rivers (B)to avoid living in flood-prone areas (C)building or settlements in valley (D)setting, adjacement to river banks, near lakes

30.Among the following are drought prone areas except 

(A)Iringa (B)Singida (C)Dodoma (D)Shinyanga





31 Solar eclipse 

32.Lunar eclipse

33.Revolution of the earth

34. Compass direction

35.A symbol

  1. An instrument used to show direction on the earth
  2. Is anything that represents something else
  3. Also known as the eclipse to the sun
  4. Also known as the eclipse of the sun
  5. Also known as the eclipse of the moon
  6. The earth revolves are the sun



36. What is drought _____________________

37. What is climate ______________________

38. What is weather _________________________

39. List down three impacts of drought 

  1. ______________________
  2. ___________________
  3. ___________________

40.What is flood ________________________________________

41. List down three impacts of floods 

  1. _______________________________________
  2. _______________________________________
  3. _______________________________________







TIME 1:30 HRS       MARCH 2021



  1. This paper consists of Sections A and B with forty-five questions
  2. The paper carries a value of 50 marks
  3. Answer all questions in all sections as per instructions given
  4. Use blue or black pen for writing and a pencil for drawing.


Answer all questions

For question 1-40 choose the correct answer from the alternatives given and write you answer on the space provided.              

  1. Strength and direction of wind is measured by
  1. Wind vane
  2. Anemometer
  3. Wind sock
  4. Rain gauge
  1. When we keep our environment clean we avoid
  1. Diseases
  2. Crafts
  3. Religion
  4. Beliefs
  1. The largest planet in solar system is
  1. Mars
  2. Earth
  3. Jupiter
  4. Saturn
  1. Portuguese build the first fortress in
  1. Malindi
  2. Kilwa
  3. Mombasa
  4. Sofala
  1. During stone age, tools were made from
  1. Bones and stones
  2. Stones
  3. Iron
  4. Wood
  1. During 1960s and 1970s Tanzania was leading in the production of
  1. Coffee
  2. Maize
  3. Tobacco
  4. Sisal
  1. Who among the following tribes were involved in MajiMaji war?
  1. Kamba, yao, ngindo
  2. Chagga, pare, Makonde
  3. Samba,hehe, Nyamwezi and ngindo
  4. Makonde, ngindo, and yao
  1. The skull of first man was discovered at . . . . . .
  1. Olduvai gorge
  2. Engaruka
  3. Kisumu
  4. Nsongezi
  1. The path which is used by planets to revolt around the sun is called
  1. Orbit
  2. Axis
  3. Satellite
  4. Rotation
  1. The first city state to develop along the East Africa coast was
  1. Mombasa
  2. Tanga
  3. Kilwa
  4. Bagamoyo
  1. Kwame Nkrumah was the first president of;
  1. Nigeria
  2. Ghana
  3. Guinea
  4. Mozambique
  1. The act of planting trees where they have been cut down to replace them is called
  1. Afforestation
  2. Reafforestation
  3. Deforestation
  4. Forestation.
  1. The removal of top layer of soil from one point to another is referred to as
  1. Soil sedimentation
  2. Soil fragmentation
  3. Soil erosion
  4. Soil wasting
  1. Environmental disaster happens due to
  1. Increased human population
  2. Misuse of world resources
  3. Use of nuclear energy
  4. Destruction of the environment by human beings
  1. The increase of earth’s temperature is called
  1. Warming
  2. Ozone layer depletion
  3. Global warming
  4. Green house
  1. Is the overflowing of water due to heavy rain, tsunami or hurricane
  1. Landslide
  2. Drought
  3. Flooding
  4. Ice melting
  1. Which of the following is an alternative source of energy that can be used to protect forests?
  1. Firewood and charcoal
  2. Firewood and coal
  3. Gas and coal
  4. Firewood, coal and charcoal
  1. An example of an institution that deals with environmental conservation is
  1. TPDC
  2. CCP
  3. NEMC
  1. Which of the following is not an element of weather
  1. Rainfall
  2. Precipitation
  3. Barometer
  4. Wind
  1. Precipitation is the result of
  1. Expansion of air
  2. Condensation of air pressure
  3. Rapid condensation of moisture
  4. Rainfall
  1. Agricultural activities takes place during
  1. Wet season
  2. Dry season
  3. September
  4. Winter period
  1. Mandela spent 27 years at . . . . . . . . . . . jail because of opposing the apartheid rule is South Africa
  1. Roben island
  2. Kwazulu natal
  3. Cape town
  4. Cape province
  1. The first prime minister of Tanganyika was
  1. Abeid karume
  2. Edward Sokoine
  3. J.K Nyerere
  4. Rashid Kawawa
  1. A barometer is an instrument that is used to measure
  1. Air pressure
  2. Air temperature
  3. Direction of wind
  4. The speed of wind
  1. Which of the following is a volcanic mountain?
  1. Kilimanjaro
  2. Kipengere
  3. Uluguru
  4. Ruwenzori
  1. When does the equator experience overhead sun?
  1. 2nd march and 21st June
  2. 23rd September and 22nd December
  3. 21st June and 22nd December
  4. 21st June and 22nd December
  1. What are the basic elements that makes up a map?
  1. Mountains and boundaries shown on it
  2. Compass, scale, key, margin and title
  3. Ocean and lakes
  4. Paper, color and compass
  1. Which if the following is a way of preserving vegetation?
  1. Deforestation
  2. Soil erosion
  3. Afforestation
  4. Over grazing
  1. Which of the following foods is not a food crop?
  1. Yams
  2. Beans
  3. Wheat
  4. Pyrethrum
  1. Which was the last stage in evolution of man?
  1. Homo erectus
  2. Homo sapiens
  3. Zinjanthropus
  4. Australopithecus
  1. Farming is an activity which involves
  1. Growing crops and rearing animals
  2. Selling of products
  3. Planting maize
  4. Keeping cows
  1. Which of the following is not a component of the atmosphere?
  1. Lava
  2. Water vapor
  3. Air
  4. Micro-organisms
  1. The two main components of the environment are
  1. Plants and animals
  2. Living and non-living things
  3. The sun and the earth
  4. Water and air
  1. A decade is a period of  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . years
  1. 100
  2. 10
  3. 1000
  4. 50
  1. When did Sultan Seyyid Said move his capital from Oman to Zanzibar?
  1. 1940
  2. 1730
  3. 1840
  4. 1863
  1. When did Uganda forces under Idd Amin invade Tanzania?
  1. 1976
  2. 1978
  3. 1980
  4. 2011
  1. Vasco Da Gama Arrived in East African Coast in the year…………
  1. 1498
  2. 1400
  3. 1700
  4. 1900
  1. The word culture means
  1. Nature of society
  2. Changes in society
  3. Life
  4. The habits, traditions and beliefs of a particular society
  1. In the past, education was provided to the young generation through
  1. Practice and experience
  2. Dancing and singing
  3. Agriculture and livestock keeping
  4. In classrooms
  1. The leader of convection people’s party to the independence of Ghana was
  1. Samori Toure
  2. Mohamed Abdullah
  3. Gamal Abdel Nasser
  4. Kwame Nkrumah



  1. What is a map, mention two things to consider when drawing a map
  2. Using a diagram show how solar eclipse is formed
  3. Mention two effects of revolution of the earth

Study the picture below to answer question 44 and 45

  1. The diagram above shows an African Hero, define the term hero
  2. Name the above person and the country of origin.




TIME: 1:30 HRS



  • THIS paper consists of 45 questions
  • Select the best alternative in question 1-40
  • For question 41-45 provide the best answer
  • Write full name on the blank space above together with the name of the school
  • Ensure your work is neat and legible.


Choose the correct answer and write its letter in the brackets

1. Which of the following is a political historical event?

  1.  Famine 

  2.  marriage

  3.  birthday 

  4.  independence 

  5.  funeral

2. One advantage of oral tradition as a method of keeping historical records is__________________

  1. It entertains
  2.  exaggeration
  3. keeps records for a few years
  4. easy to forget
  5.  bias

3. Re-using waste plastic containers is called

  1. A .Collection 

    B. manufacturing

    C. disposing

    D. recycling 

    E. dumping

4. High humidity leads to formation of

  1.  Lakes 

    B. wind 

    C. forest 

    D. rainfall

    E. pressure

5. Spreading of gospel among Africans was the work of

  1. Kings
  2. Chiefs
  3. missionaries 
  4. explorers 
  5. traders

6. One way of protecting land is to practice

  1. Overstocking 
  2. Monoculture
  3. contour ploughing 
  4. overgrazing 
  5. deforestation

7. Majimaji war (rebellion) ended in the year 

  1. 2000
  2. 1906
  3. 1907
  4. 1909
  5. 1999

8. Story telling was mainly done by the ……..in the past. 

A. Aunts 

B. grandparents

C. children

D. traders 

E. class teachers

9. Which one of the following is not among the effects of land pollution?

  1. Drought
  2. Fertility 
  3. soil erosion
  4. infertility
  5. diseases

10. Which one among the following was not a reason that led to failure of resistance in Tanganyika?

  1. Natural hazards 
  2. poor Africans weapons 
  3. betrayal
  4. disunity 
  5. unity

11. Sitting on a mat while eating is mainly the custom of

  1. lake region people
  2. coastal people 
  3. Meru 
  4. Kinga 
  5. Chagga people

12. Keeping few animals on land makes them produce……….products. 

  1. poor 
  2. quality
  3. waste
  4. low 
  5. quality

13. The head of family is

  1. mother 
  2. father 
  3. all family member 
  4. Aunt
  5. first born

14. The boundaries of East Africa were completely marked in…

  1. 1886
  2. 1894
  3. 1840
  4. 1891
  5. 1894

15. Moving air is called………

  1. erosion 
  2. transportation 
  3. deflation 
  4. breeze
  5. wind

16. Changing water into vapour is called

  1. Precipitation 
  2. Condensation
  3. transpiration
  4. evaporation
  5. percolation

17. Supplying crops with artificial water is known as…..

  1. mulching 
  2. pastoralism
  3. irrigation
  4. weeding 
  5. farming

18. The famous place where one can view a meteorite in Tanzania is

  1. Moshi
  2. Mwanza 
  3. any place 
  4. Lindi 
  5. Mbozi

19. Chief Isike was a leader of……………..

  1. Ngoni 
  2. Nyamwezi 
  3. Sukuma 
  4. Chagga

20. Most of Tanzanian are………… 

  1. civil workers
  2. bankers
  3. doctors 
  4. peasants
  5. fishermen





  1. Anemometer
  2. Barometer
  3. Construction minerals
  4. Energy source minerals
  5. Gemstones
  6. Hygrometer
  7. Industrial minerals
  8. Rain gauge
  9. Sunshine recorder
  10. Thermometer
  1. Coal, aluminium and petroleum
  2. Used to measure direction of wind and strength
  3. Diamonds, tanzanite, ruby, garnets, pearly
  4. Aggregates, gravel, sand, dimensional stones
  5. Limestone, soda ash, gypsum, salt, phosphates
  6. Used to measure cloud cover
  7. Gold, iron ore, nickel, copper, cobalt and silver
  8. Aggregates, gold, silver, diamonds and uranium
  9. Used to measure air pressure
  10. Used to measure speed of wind
  11. Used to measure amount of rainfall
  12. Used to measure amount of moisture
  13. Used to measure amount of sun rays or sunlight received in a day
  14. Used to measure temperature of a specific area.



  1. An instrument used to measure wind direction is called……………………………….
  2. Passing information from one person to another is called…………………………………
  3. The first fortress was built by Portuguese in ………………………………………………….
  4. Name the place where the skull of earlier man was discovered……………………………….
  5. Kwame Nkrumah was  the first president of which country?.................................................................


  1. A period of ten years is called a millennium……………………………………………..
  2. In Tanzania, Umwinyi system was practiced along the coast…………………………..
  3. Planting of trees is called deforestation………………………………………………..
  4. Temperature and precipitation are elements of weather………………………………….
  5. In a map a compass shows the distance from the sea…………………………………….


A hero is someone who does something great and beneficial for his or her society. There are many people who have devoted themselves in fighting for the African continent in the last decades. They fought against oppression, colonialism, poverty, corruption, environmental degradation among others. All these are considered to be heroes of Africa.

  1. The leader of Hehe who resisted against the germans was called……………………………
  2. He led the nyamwezi to fight against the colonist, who was he?..........................................................
  3. Name a chief form Rhodesia who fought against the colonists………………………………
  4. Name a hero form former Zaire who was founder and president of Congolese national movement……………..
  5. The founder member of organization for African Union was…………………………..


Answer the questions below by writing the correct answers in the space provided 

46. The special buildings or places which are designed to preserve historical items are called

47. The skull that is believed to be of the earliest man was discovered in 1959 by Dr. Louis Leakey at a place known as

48. In which region is Kondoa Irangi historical site found?__________________________________

49. The process of collecting and storing information of the historical events is called

50. Why is Kinjekitile Ngwale unforgettable in the history of our country?







TIME: 1.30 HRS                                                                                           2020



  1. This paper consists of three sections A, B,C and D
  2. Answer all questions in all sections
  3. All answers should be written in spaces provided
  4. Ensure clarity in your work

  Answer all questions


Choose the words that complete the sentences by writing letters of the correct answer. 

  1. Which of the following is a political historical event? _______ A. Famine  B. marriage  C. birthday  D. independence   E. funeral
  2. One advantage of oral tradition as a method of keeping historical records is _______
  1. It entertains   B. exaggeration C. keeps records for a few years D. easy to forget E bias
  1. Re-using  waste plastic containers is called_______ A .Collection        B. manufacturing                            C. disposing        D. recycling    E. dumping
  2. High humidity  leads to formation of ______  A. Lakes  B. wind        C. forest  D. rainfall               E. pressure
  3. Spreading of gospel among Africans        was the work of _______  A. Kings  B. chiefs                   C. missionaries  D. explorers  E. traders
  4. One way of protecting land is to practice _______ A. Overstocking  B. monoculture                   C. contour ploughing     D. overgrazing  E. deforestation  
  5. Majimaji war (rebellion) ended in the year___A. 2000 B.1906 C.1907 D. 1909 E.  1999
  6. Story telling was mainly done by the __________in the past. A. Aunts  B. grandparents  C. children   D. traders   E. class teachers
  7. Which one of the following is not among the effects of land pollution? _______                         A. Drought      B. Fertility     C. soil erosion      D. infertility      E. diseases
  8. Which one among the following was not a reason that led to failure of resistance in Tanganyika? _______ A. Natural hazards  B. poor Africans weapons   C. betrayal                          D. disunity  E. unity 
  9. Sitting on a mat while eating is mainly the custom of_______  A. lake region people                   B. coastal people    C. Meru    D. Kinga     E. Chagga people
  10. Keeping few animals on land makes them produce ________products. A. poor B. quality  C. waste      D.low     E. quality 
  11. The head of family is______        A. mother  B. father    C.all family member     D. Aunt                                 E. first born
  12. The boundaries of   East Africa were completely marked in_______ A.   1886                                      B. 1894      C. 1840       D. 1891      E. 1894
  13. Moving air is called_________        A. erosion  B. transportation  C. deflation  D. breeze                   E. wind
  14. Changing water into vapour is called____  A. Precipitation  B. condensation                                   C. transpiration          D. evaporation         E. percolation
  15. Supplying crops with artificial water is known as_______ A. mulching B. pastoralism                           C. irrigation      D. weeding     E.        farming
  16. The famous place where one can view a meteorite in Tanzania is______  A. Mtwara                    B. Mwanza    C. any place    D. Lindi      E. Mbozi
  17. Chief Isike  was a leader of ______  A. Ngoni  B. Nyamwezi  C. Sukuma  D. Hehe                      E. Chagga
  18. Most of Tanzanian are ____        A. civil workers    B. bankers      C. doctors    D. peasants                         E. fishermen
  19. The famous lady who was honoured in leading the people of Tanganyika to fight for independence _______    A. Anna Tibaijuka      B. Bibi Titi      C. Tulia Arkson                               D. Samia Suluhu        E. Maria Nyerere
  20. Mkwawa Memorial Museum is at _____        A. Olduvai  Gorge B. Ruaha  C. Kalenga                      D. Amboni      E. Isimila
  21.  A medium of exchange is called_____  A. Language     B. community   C. money                      D. transport     E. goods
  22. Judging people according to their skin colour is called_______  A. Political   B. religious  C. racial     D. educational      E. tribal
  23. The precious resources extracted from underground are called________  A. salt   B. crops  C. natural resources     D. minerals     E. gold
  24. The name of Tanganyika disappeared because of the______   A. revolution                          B. death of nyerere       C. union       D. independence         E. republic
  25. Kidatu dam is mainly used for production of________power.    A. gas    B Hydro-electric power      C. Kinetic        D. solar           E. geothermal
  26.  Ability to move quickly in response to the changing market needs in entrepreneurship is called_____ A.  capital   B. flexibility   C. determination    D. saving    E. creativity
  27. Cover crops are mainly planted to prevent _________   A. afforestation B. rainfall                             C. soil fertility     D. soil erosion      E.        deforestation
  28. Dividing Africa among European powers was______  A. ne-colonization                                                     B. colonization        C. division          D. portion         E. partition
  29. Buildings where past items such as farm tools  and spears are kept is called______
  1. Officers   B. antiquities   C. museums  D. archives   E. tall building
  1. Europeans brought cash crops into Africa mainly to get back_____A. Money   B. slaves  C. factories   D. African resources   E. raw materials
  2.  Majimaji war mainly took place in_____part  of Tanzania  A. Eastern   B. South                        C. Central      D. Western      E. North
  3. Which scale looks like  a ruler_______  A. large scale  B. fraction  C. statement  D. linear  E. medium scale
  4. Revolution of the earth takes place on a path called________ A. Axis   B.eclipse  C. orbit D. perihelion  E. aphelion
  5. Harpooning is a method of _______ A. harvesting   B. fishing  C. mining  D. grazing                      E. farming
  6. The animals which help a lot in cleaning the environment are______  A. hyena                         B. wildest    C. buffalo    D. antelope     E. leopards



  1. Tanzania experiences four annual season per year, which of the mentioned is not common one? _________
  1. The hot and dry season    B. cold and dry     C. dry season throughout the year                   D. long rainy season     E. short rainy season
  1. In Tanzania natural forests are preserved mainly_________
  1. Create employment opportunity  B. provide habit for wild animals C. protect water catchment area D. increase production of timber  E. make the environment beautiful
  1. _________is the largest moon of Saturn.
  1. Sky          B. meteorite        C. Satellite       D. titan     E. galaxy


Study the following pictures and then answer questions that follow.(41-43)


       A.image B. image    C. image


  1. In which year did the event labeled by letter A took place______________


  1. Name the president marked by letter B______________________


  1. Hon Aboud Jumbe labeled by letter__________________________


  1. Who was the first president of Zanzibar___________________________


  1. What is deforestation_______________________________________






























































TIME: 1.30 HRS                                                  2020



  1. This paper has four printed pages, forty five (45) questions with sections A and B
  2. Answer all the questions in all sections.
  3. Remember to write your full names and school name in the answer sheet provided.
  4. Make sure your work is neat without unnecessary cancelling to avoid loss of  marks.
  5. Use a blue or black ink ball pointed pen for all given questions.


Choose the most correct answer and then write its letter in the answer sheet given.. 


1. Who is the leader of government affairs at the ward level?___ 

  1. Village Chairperson
  2. Ward Executive Director 
  3. District Commissioner 
  4. Ward Executive Officer 
  5. Ward Councilor

2.  Who is the Chairperson of the Zanzibar Revolutionary Council?

  1. The President of the United Republic of Tanzania
  2. The President of Revolutionry Government of Zanzibar
  3. The first Vice President of Zanzibar
  4. The Chief Minister of Zanzibar
  5. The Prime Minister of Tanzania

 3. _____ are sets of behavior that are typical accepted within a particular society.

  1. Culture
  2. Customs
  3. Traditions
  4. Arts
  5. Crafts

4. A person who is entitled to hold the office of the President of Tanzania must have…...
years and above.

  1. 32
  2. 40
  3. 21
  4. 25
  5. 50

5.  Which colour of our National Flag identifies the majority people of Tanzania?

  1. Green
  2. Yellow
  3. Blue
  4. Black
  5. Dark

6. Having a great love for your country is known as____ 

  1. Patriot
  2. Traitor
  3. Feeling
  4. Patriotism 
  5. Citizenship

7. Who chairs the District council meeting?

  1. District Executive Director
  2. District Commissioner
  3. Regional Commissioner
  4. District Council Chairperson
  5. Member of Parliament

8. How do we call inherited experiences that are passed on from generation to another?

  1. Traditions
  2. Culture
  3. Customs
  4. Sports
  5. Marriage

9. The following are members of East African Community, Except_ 

  1. Rwanda
  2.  Burundi
  3. Tanzania
  4. Kenya         
  5. Somalia

10. Who is the current Political Parties Registrar in Tanzania? --__ 

  1. Judge Lewis Makame
  2. Judge Joseph Warioba
  3. Judge Francis Mutungi
  4. Judge Professor Ibrahim Juma
  5. Judge Semistocles Kaijage

11. Elected leaders are also called ______ 

  1. Nominated leaders
  2. Appointed leaders
  3. Political leaders
  4.  Good leaders
  5. Important leaders

12. Tanzania is conducting a Local Government election in ____ 

  1. 2020
  2. 2019
  3. 2021
  4. 2022
  5. 2025


13. The main factors that contribute to single parent family are_______ 

  1. Disease and anger
  2. death and wedding
  3. Polygamy and ignorance
  4. Death and divorce
  5. Poverty and happiness

14. How do you call the mother of your father?____________ 

  1. Aunt
  2.  Uncle
  3. Grandfather
  4. Cousin
  5. Grandmother

15. Zanzibar was officially declared as a British colony in_______ 

  1. 1886
  2. 1840
  3. 1890
  4. 1804
  5. 1863

16. Which political party was formed by the colonialists to oppose TANU? 

  1. ANC
  2. UTP
  3. AMNUT
  4. TAA
  5. AA

17.  Which colonialist power preferred the use of direct rule as its administrative system? 

  1. Germany
  2. Britain
  3. France
  4. Italy
  5. Portugal

18. The following is the event which marked the end of Germany rule in Tanganyika; 

  1. Great Depression
  2. Second World War (WWII)
  3.  First World War (WWI)
  4.  Berlin Conference
  5. Capitalism

19. The main slave market in East Africa was in…………..

  1. Bagamoyo
  2. Mombasa
  3. Zanzibar
  4. Sofala
  5. Kilwa

20. Which was the main sector of the colonial economy?

  1. Tourism
  2. Trade
  3. Agriculture
  4. Insurance
  5. Mining

21. Which Political party liberated people of Zanzibar in 1964?

  1. TANU
  2. ASP
  3. UMMA
  4. ZPPP
  5. ZNP

22. Fire was discovered during _____

  1. Iron age
  2. Early Stone Age
  3. Middle Stone Age
  4. Late Stone Age
  5. First Stone Age

23.  Which conference aimed at dividing African Continent among colonialists? ………….

  1. Queen Elizabeth’s Conference
  2. Boris Johnson’s Conference
  3. Donald Trump’s Conference
  4. Emmanuel Macron’s Conference
  5. Berlin Conference

24. Which was the first city to make and use its own currency among the East African coastal cities? 

  1. Bagamoyo
  2. Zanzibar
  3. Mombasa
  4. Sofala
  5. Kilwa

2   5.                                 Who dominated the central trade route during the long distance trade in East Africa? ____

  1. The Nyaturu
  2. The Kamba
  3. The Nyakyusa 
  4. The Nyamwezi
  5. The Yao

26.   It was meant to transform the country from Capitalism to Socialism and Self -reliance?

  1. Musoma Declaration
  2. Iringa Declaration
  3. Arusha Declaration
  4. Zanzibar Declaration 
  5. TANU Policy


2 7. Which of the following groups consists of types of map scale? 

  1. Atlas, geological and cadastral
  2. Ground, aerial and oblique
  3. Statement, representative and linear
  4. Large, medium and small
  5. Topographical, statistical and demography

2 8. Which of the following is not a proper way of writing a map scale? 

  1. 1:100000
  2. 1cm represents 1km 
  3. 1cm = 100000 
  4. 1cm stands for 1km
  5. m 5000    123 km

29. The distance measured between two points on a map is 16cm. What is the actual ground distance between the points if the map scale is 1:400000?

  1. 16km
  2. 32m
  3. 64km
  4. 32km
  5. 64cm

30. What name is given to an imaginary line that runs from North to South in zig zag form showing the place where each Calendar day begins?     

  1. The Equator 
  2. The Prime Meridian 
  3. The North Pole
  4. The International Date Line
  5. Parallels

31. How do we call the low pressure zone or belt found along the Equator? 

  1. The Tundra Zone 
  2. The Polar Zone 
  3. The Doldrums
  4. The Semi arid Zone
  5. The Outer Belt

32. Which digits represent the vertical readings in a grid reference map showing the point with 269415?       

  1. 962
  2. 269
  3. 514
  4. 415
  5. 541

33. How do we call the South west corner point of the grid map where eastings and northings begin?

  1. Turning point
  2. Grid map
  3. Grid origin
  4. Reference corner
  5. Linear point

35. Which of the following groups gives the correct examples of tertiary  industries?

  1. Fertilizers, textiles, cigarettes and cement industries
  2. Vehicles, motorcycles and bicycles industries
  3. Restaurants, banking, transportation and media
  4. Welding, carpentry, Pottery and tailoring
  5. farming, mining animal keeping and fishing

36. One of the following is a reason for the failure or decline of industrial sector in  East Africa.

  1. Cause noise pollution produced by heavy machines
  2. Lack of skilled labour, management and poor infrastructures
  3. Provide employment, foreign exchange and markets for our cash                crops
  4. Stimulates other economic sectors.
  5. Processing, manufacturing and assembling.

37. What is the type of the highest standing mountain in Africa which is found in East Africa?...........

  1. Mount Kilimanjaro
  2. Tanzania
  3. Block mountain
  4. Fold mountain
  5. Volcanic mountain

38. Soda ash is the famous extracted mineral in Lake Natron found in Arusha, Tanzania. Which among the following lakes produce the same product in Kenya? _____

  1. Lake Nakuru
  2. Lake Turkana 
  3. Lake Magadi
  4. Lake Kyoga
  5. Lake Rukwa

39.  An instrument used to measure wind direction is called?

  1. Wind gauge
  2. Anemometer
  3. Wind vane
  4. Thermometer
  5. Wind sock

40. How do we call a deep inlet of the sea, lake or ocean almost surrounded by land with a narrow mouth?         

  1. a strait
  2. a cape
  3. a peninsula
  4. a gulf
  5. an island


Answer all questions in this section.

41.  What is agriculture?

42. Name any two telecommunication companies in Tanzania

43. Why did chief Mkwawa commit suicide?

44. Mention the leader who led to independence struggle in Kenya.

45. State two importance of agriculture in Tanzania







  1. This Examinations Consists Of 50 Questions
  2. Answer All Questions
  3. Write Your Answers In Capital Letters
  4. Make Your Work Legible

SECTION A. Choose the correct answer from the Alternatives given

1.Speaker of the Assembly of the United Republic of Tanzania is elected by

  1. The citizens
  2. Members of the Parliament
  3. Ministers
  4. Councellors
  5. Chief justice

2.Parmanent members of the security council of the united nations Organization are:

  1. USA Britain France, Russia, and China
  2. USA, Britain , German , Rus sia and China
  3. USA, Britain , France, Russia and Italy
  4. USA , Britain , Russia, Canada and German
  5. USA, Britain, Russia, Japan and Germany

3. Rock paintings of animals and people started during:

  1. Iron age
  2. Middle Stone Age
  3. Early Stone Age
  4. Late Stone Age
  5. Old Stone Age

4. What were the commodities that were brought in East Africa by the foreigners from Indonesia and China as from the 5th C?

  1. Iron, tortoise shells and Gold
  2. Clothes, beads and domestic vessels
  3. Beads and Gold
  4. Beads, fire arms and Ivory
  5. Gun powder, clothes wool clothes and leopard skins.

5. Three East Africa tribes that participated in the Long Distance Trade before colonialism were:

  1. The Hehe, Nyamwezi and Turkana
  2. The Karamajong, Sukuma and Pokot
  3. The Maasai, Yao and Sukuma
  4. The Yao, Nyamwezi and
  5. The Yao, Nyamwezi and Kamba

26. Which was the first group of the fore runners of colonialism to arrive in Tanganyika

  1. Missionaries
  2. Traders
  3. Settlers
  4. Explores
  5. Sailors

7. The Chief Justice of Tanzania is appointed by the

  1. Parliament
  2. Prime Minister
  3. President
  4. Vice President
  5. Attorney General.

8. The conference which partitioned Africa was held in

  1. Berlin
  2. London
  3. Rome
  4. Paris
  5. New York.

9. The scientist who explained the evolution of man was

  1. Mary Leakey
  2. Charles Darwin
  3. Louis Leakey
  4. Richard Leakey
  5. John Speke.

10. The essential of a map which is used to elaborate different signs on a map is called

  1. key
  2. margin
  3. compass
  4. scale
  5. title.

11. It is very easy to prove that the world is spherical by looking at

  1. the shape of the globe
  2. the eclipse of the sun
  3. the high and the low tides
  4. the overhead sun
  5. the eclipse of the moon.

12. Which African country had multi-party democracy in 1980

  1. Zimbabwe.
  2. Tanzania.
  3. Botswana.
  4. Ghana.
  5. Ethiopia.

13. A family can attain economic development if

  1. the mother will deal with domestic activities
  2. the father will be employed
  3. children will be involved in studies
  4. family members will play their role
  5. family members will pray together.

14.The German colonies in Africa were

  1. Nigeria, Namibia and Togo
  2. Gambia, Togo and Namibia
  3. Cameroon, Togo and Namibia
  4. Namibia, Tanganyika and Nigeria
  5. Cameroon, Tanganyika and Senegal.

15. The Germans ruled Tanganyika after the

  1. First World War
  2. Second World War
  3. Berlin conference
  4. Formation of UNO
  5. Defeat of the Portuguese.

16. The goods which were brought by Asian traders in Tanganyika from the 8th century include

  1. ivory and gold
  2. hides and guns
  3. salt and copper
  4. clothes and wheat
  5. clothes and slaves.

17. The internal trade involves goods which are

  1. produced outside the country
  2. produced and sold within the country
  3. produced within the country
  4. produced and sold outside the country
  5. sold outside the country.

18. The overhead sun in December occurs at the

  1. Southern Hemisphere
  2. Tropic of Cancer
  3. Equator
  4. Northern Hemisphere
  5. Tropic of Capricorn.

19. The major effects of industries in the environment are

  1. pollution of water, air and bad smell
  2. emission of smoke and high consumption of mineral energy
  3. pollution of air, soil and bad smell
  4. spilling of chemicals and emission of smoke
  5. pollution of air, water and land.

20. The essentials of the map are

  1. Vegetation, compass, scale, lines and title
  2. Colour, title, scale, key and margin
  3. Lines, title, compass, margin and scale
  4. Title, key, margin, scale and compass
  5. Title, key, scale, compass and lines.


Write true for a correct statement and false for an incorrect statement.

  1. The Berlin conference was convined by Germany chancelor Otto Von Bismark… … … … … … … … … … …
  2. In east Africa germany colony, online men were supposed to pay tax
  3. Patrice Lumumba fought colonizers in Congo… … … …
  4. Mordern colonizers use weapons to colonize African countries… …
  5. Polittical, economic and social aid from Europe is the only way to liberate African.
  6. Fair trade policies is the best way of African countries to fight against neocolonism… … … … … … ..
  7. Burundi, Rwanda and Tanganyika got independence in 1962… … … … … .
  8. Africa political heroes helps neocolonists to identify areas with resources in African countries… … … … … … … … … … …
  9. When neocolonists comes to Africa, they help Africans make new goods and services… … … … …
  10. Rotation of the earth on its axis causes day and night… … … .

SECTIONC. Fill the gaps below with the correct answer.

  1. Two types of crops grown by investors are… … … … … and … … … … … … .
  2. Two main cash crops grown in Tanzania are… … … and… … … … … … …
  3. Name one production activity that was established in Tanganyika after independence… … … … .
  4. Parastatals with large tracks of land for keeping animals are called… … … … ..
  5. Mention two regions in Tanzania with national ranches
  6. Mention one benefit of tourism in Tanzania… … … … … … … … ..
  7. A map is identified by use of… … … … … … … …
  8. Which type of map shows the appearance of a country… … … … … … … … … … …
  9. The construction of Moshi-Tanga railway started in which year..
  10. Who was the leader of Berlin Conference?............ ...................


Match the items in list A with corresponding items in List B



  1. National park… … …
  2. Economic activities…
  3. Investors… … … … … ..
  4. Tourists from other countries… … … …
  5. National ranches… … … … … … .
  6. Sierra leone and Tanganyika got independence in … … …
  7. Tanzania is a good example in… … … … … …
  8. One way of fighting invasion of Africa
  9. Heroes who fought against invasion of Africa … … … … … … .
  1. Foreign exchange
  2. Going to school
  3. Comes from Europe, America and other parts of the world
  4. Serengeti ,mikumi and katavi
  5. Individuals with huge capital
  6. Farming, pastoralism, fishing and other industrial activities
  7. Large farms for animal keeping
  8. Nkrumah Lumumba Kenyata ,Nyerere and Mandela
  9. Neo-colonism
  10. 1964
  11. Fighting corruption
  12. Self reliance, fair trade agreement, refusing to take loans and aids.
  13. Somalia ,Sudan and DRC Kongo
  14. 1961


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