FORM SIX LANGUAGE NECTA 2015

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

ADVANCED CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

122/1 ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1

Time: 3 Hours Wednesday, 20 th May 2015 p.m.

Instructions

1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.

2. Answer five (5) questions, choosing one (1) question from each section. Question one (1) is compulsory .

3. Calculators are not allowed in the examination room.

4. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A

INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE

1.(a) Describe the importance of Kiswahili Language in Tanzanian community by giving five points. image

(b) Distinguish the following linguistic concepts:

(i)Bilingualism and multilingualism

(ii)Sociolect and diglossia

(iii)Second language and foreign language

(iv)Learning and acquiring a language

(v)Recording and identifying function of language.

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2.(a) "Language is a system." Substantiate this statement, giving five points.

(b) Appraise five factors which have led Kiswahili to rapidly become the first language in urban areas in Tanzania.

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3.(a) What is the communicative function of each of the following utterances?

(i)Down you go!image

(ii)What can I do for you?

(iii)I am fed up with you.

(iv)A giraffe is a very beautiful animal with a long neck and long front legs to enable it reach the tallest branches of trees when feeding itself.

(v)The car won't start.

(vi)I plead not guilty.

(vii)You be Edna and I'm Odili.

(viii)Andrew, stop.

(ix)I bet you ten dollars.

(x)The stupid car won't start.

(b) Explain how each of the following variables affects language use.

(i)Environment (ii) Sex (iii) Age (iv) Medium (v) Status

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SECTION B

LANGUAGE SKILLS

4.(a) image Elaborate on six important things that the interviewee has to know and do.

(b) State four qualities of a good interviewer.

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5.imageBriefly describe five things that can cause barriers to listening. (b) Interpret the following phrasal verbs and make a meaningful sentences for each.

(i) Hold on

(ii) Crop up

(iii) Pull through

(iv) Get by

(v) Book in

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SECTION C

WORD FORMATION

6.(a) State the meaning of the following prefixes and compose one sentence for each.

 (i) Force (ii) Re- (iii) Tri- (iv) A- (v) Arch- (vi) Sur (vii) Ex-  (xiii) In-

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7.(a) Use the given words below to form five compound words and then make one sentence out of each: grind, coloured, covered, reading, easy, glass, going, stone, acting, gold, plated, quick, silver, slow, talking, walled, working.

(b) Point out affixes from the following words and say whether they are suffixes of prefixes, and then use each affix to form a different word.

(i)Disloyal (ii) Decoration  (iii) Illegal (iv) Decode (v) Admitant

SECTION D

LANGUAGE USE

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8.(a) Identify and elaborate on three types of translation methods.

(b) Translate the following sentences into Kiswahili language by using communicative translation.

(i) Juma is a lion.

(ii) No gains without pain.

(iii) All that glitters is not gold.

(iv) A friend in need is a friend indeed.

(v) Time is money.

(vi) She kicked the bucket.

(vii) Never leave a stone unturned.

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9.(a) Elaborate on five characteristics of a scientific translated text.

(b) Describe the procedures for translating scientific texts.

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