FORM SIX LANGUAGE NECTA 2012

THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL

ADVANCED CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION

122/1 ENGLISH LANGUAGE 1

Time: 3 Hours Tuesday, 9th February 2012 a.m.

Instructions

1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.

2. Answer five (5) questions, choosing one (1) question from each section. Question one (1) is compulsory .

3. Calculators are not allowed in the examination room.

4. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A

INTRODUCTION TO LANGUAGE

1.Drawing an examples from English Language, explain five factors that can affect the development of a language.

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2.Discuss five (5) characteristics of human language.

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3.(a) Briefly define the following terms by giving one example:

(i)Lingua franca

(ii)Standard language

(iii)Speech community

(iv)Accent

(v)Mutual intelligibility

(b) Which are the processes that are involved in standardizing a language?

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SECTION B

LANGUAGE SKILLS

4.Imagine that you have been teaching on a part-time base for one year at Kaloleni Secondary School and you wish to apply for a permanent teaching job at Mkanyageni Secondary School. Write your Curriculum Vitae to be attached to your application letter.

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5.(a) Explain the following terms:

(i) Skimming

(ii) Scanning

(iii)Intensive reading

(iv) Critical reading

(v) Extensive reading

(b) Show the differences that exist in the following terms by using examples:

(i) Listening and hearing

(ii)Facts and opinion

(iii)Descriptive speech and process speech

(iv)Narrative essay and expository essay

(v)Report and Memorandum

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SECTION C

WORD FORMATION

6.Read the following complex sentence and then answer the questions that follow.

Tanzania Government has been using teachers in trying to transform its education system which was inherited from the colonialism in order to match it with its own new goals, aspirations and concepts of development.

Identify the following from the above given sentence:

(a) 5 stems

(b) From the five stems in "part a", show the roots.

(c) 5 derivational morphemes

(d) 5 inflectional morphemes

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7. (a) Provide the adjectival form for the following words and write one sentence for each:

(i) Break

(ii) Measure

(iii) Mentally

(iv) Memory

(v) Medicine

(b) Explain the process involved in the formation of the following groups of words:

(i) alcohol; boss; piano; zebra.

(ii) loanword; wastebasket; water-bird; fingerprint.

(iii) telecast; motel; heliport; brunch.

(iv) facsimile-fax; cabriolet cab; advertisement - ad; examination - exam.

(v)Televise - television; opt - option; enthuse - enthusiasm; emote - emotion.

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SECTION D

LANGUAGE USE

8.(a) Define the following terms:

(i)Translation

(ii)Interpretation

(iii)Source language

(iv)Target language

(b) Identify and elaborate six translation principles.

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9.(a) Translate the following English expressions into Kiswahili language by considering the structure of the target language.

(i) We are expecting to travel by bus.

(ii) Many students become stubborn in form two.

(iii) Mr. Massawe is aged now.

(iv) Prepare a scheme for your project.

(v) I feel dizzy.

(b) State five (5) important things to be observed during interpretations.

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