(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 HoursMonday November 2019 p.m


1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.

2. Answer all questions from sections A and B and three (3) questions from section C of which questions 7 and 8 are compulsory.

3. Section A carries fifteen (15) marks, section B forty (40) marks and section C carries forty five (45) marks.

4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

1.For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) The term that expresses a situation whereby non- humans (animates and in animates) are given human qualities is called

  1. Imagery 
  2. Hyperbole 
  3. Personification 
  4. Fable E Myth 
Choose Answer :

(ii) If you read a play and become sad, what type of drama would you have read?

  1. Soliloquy 
  2. Comedy 
  3. Play 
  4. Melodrama 
  5. Tragedy
Choose Answer :

(iii) The following expressions represent some aspects of the functions of literature except

  1. Educating 
  2. Critising 
  3. Rectifying 
  4. Expansion 
  5. Recreation
Choose Answer :

(iv)  Which of the following describes a legend?

  1. A story with an unknown author originally passed one generation to another
  2. A story told to teach a moral lesson where characters are animals
  3. A story about memorable events and heroic deed of people in a community
  4. A story that explains the origin of cultural groups or phenomena of the universe
  5. A story with monsters as characters
Choose Answer :

(v) Which of the following expressions best distinguish the features of tragedy?

  1.  Antagonistic characters fail 
  2. All characters die 
  3. The main character must be an animal 
  4. The main character is a hero 
  5.  Unhappy ending 
Choose Answer :

(vi) A technique that is used to plot the events in a story where the last may be at the beginning is called 

  1. Mixed order 
  2. Flash back 
  3. Narrative style 
  4. Foreshadowing style 
  5. First person point of view 
Choose Answer :

(vii) Imagine you are reading a lyric poem and you come across the verse; that school is a garden of ideas”. The word “garden” in that context has been used as 

  1. Simile 
  2. Satire 
  3. Symbol 
  4. Sarcasm 
  5. Synecdoche
Choose Answer :

(viii) What technique will you use when you want to refer to a literary work from history of an important person for more clarification?

  1. Flashback 
  2. Allusion 
  3. Foreshadowing 
  4. Coincidence 
  5. Satire 
Choose Answer :

(ix) Which of the following elements of literature belongs to a form?

  1. Theme 
  2. Message 
  3. Conflict 
  4. Plot 
  5. Philosophy 
Choose Answer :

(x) Which of the following pairs of words is an example of assonance? 

  1. Shoes and school 
  2. Kelly and cooked 
  3. Light and height 
  4. Take and fix 
  5. Birds and heads 
Choose Answer :

2. Match the descriptions in List A with the corresponding type of character in List B by writing the letter of the correct response beside the item number in the answer booklet provided 

List A

List B

  1. A person in a work of art with different qualities or behavior
  2. A person in a work of art who never changes his perspective or values
  3. A person in a work of art who changes his perspective or values
  4. A person in a work of art who has only one or two qualities
  5. A person in a work of art whose roles is to help us understand the main character
  1. Dynamic character
  2. Heroic character
  3. Flat character
  4. Round character
  5. Static character
  6. Subordinate character
  7. Background character
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SECTION B (40 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section

3. Briefly explain the differences between the following literary items

(a) Novel and Novella

(b) Flashback and foreshadowing

(c) Character and characterization

(d) Poem and poetry

(e) Irony and satire

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4. Read the following poem and answer the questions that follow


You were to be the centre of our dream

to give life to all that is abandoned

You were to heal the wound

To restore the bones that were broken

But you betrayed us!

You chose a lover from the enemy

You paraded him before us like a sin

You led your clans to the gallows

You shouted our secrets before the little strangers

You mocked the sacred heads of our elders

You parleyed their grey hair before the children

Their lips that hold the ancient truths were sealed

By their sunken eyes your body was cursed

The moving river shall swallow it!


(a) What was the expectation of being “the center of our dream” so important to the poem?

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(b) How did the person in the poem betray his people?

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(c) In what ways did the person in the poem disrespect the elders?

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(d) Find a pair of words in verse 5 which alliterate

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(e) Briefly explain how relevant the poem is to the Tanzanian society

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5. With examples, differentiate the following literary terms

  1. Sarcasm and satire
  2. Paradox and irony
  3. Tone and mood
  4. Poet and persona
  5. Linking and parallelism
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6. Which literary term is being described by the following characteristics

  1. Anduje is the shortest student innthe class but our headmaster calls her the tallest
  2. Last night, my grandmother told me a short story about a rabbit and hyena. She told me the story teaches that I should not be greedy
  3. Our literature teacher narrated a story to us about a person who first got married in 2000, died in 2015 and was born in 1970
  4. Assume you are writing a story in form of a dialogue. What name will people call you once you complete writing the story?
  5. You and your friends were watching a performance. At the end of the performance you ended up laughing and became very happy
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SECTION C (45 Marks)

Answer three (3) questions from this section

Answer question 9 and 10 and choose one (1) from either question 7 or 8



The Lion and the Jewel - Soyinka, W.

The Trials of Brother Jero - Soyinka, W.

The Dilemma of a Ghost - Aidoo, A.A.

The Government Inspector - Gogol, N.


A Walk in the Night and Other Stories - Guma, A.

Houseboy - Oyono, F.

The Old Man and the Medal - Oyono, F.

The Concubine - Amadi, E.


Selected poem - Tanzania Institute of Education

Growing up with poetry - David Rubadiri

7. If you were given a chance to advice two main characters from any two novels read under this programme, what advice would you give for their betterment in life? Give three points from each novel

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8. How does hypocrisy hinder Africans in their efforts to build a good future? Give three points from each of the two novels you have read under this programme

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9. In three points, show how form is helpful in giving out the message intended. Support your answer with two points

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10. “Misunderstanding in several African societies were as a result of the introduction of new ideas brought about by education:” By using the Plays “The Lion and the Jewel by Wole Soyinka and “The Dilemma of a Ghost by Christina Ata Aidoo, support the statement with three points from each reading

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