(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 2:30 Hours Thursday, 09th November 2018 a.m.


1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D with a total of twelve (12) questions.

2. Answer two (2) questions from section A and one (1) question from each of sections B, C and D.

3. Each question carries 20 marks.

4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (40 Marks)


Answer two (2) questions from this section.

1. Write brief explanations on the following literary concepts

  1. Conflict
  2. Myth
  3. Stage direction
  4. Dramatic monologue
  5. Modern poetry
  6. Diction
  7. Climax
  8. Euphemism
  9. Character
  10. Symbol

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2. Using your own life experience, show how literature and language cannot be separated

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3. (a) What is drama?

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(b) Outline six features of drama

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(c) Differentiate the following dramatic terms

(i) Act and scene

(ii) Comedy and tragedy

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SECTION B (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.


The Lion and the Jewel - Wole Soyinka

The Trials of Brother Jero - Wole Soyinka

The Swamp Dwellers - Wole Soyinka

Kinjeketile - Ibrahim Hussein

Dilemma of a Ghost - Ama Ata Aidoo

The Barbed Wire - M. Rugyendo

Dedan Kimathi - Kenneth Watene

The Government Inspector - N. Gogol

4. With reference to any two plays you have read under this section, use four points from each to outline the role of literature in our society

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5. Use two plays read with four points each to support the view that “Whatever women strive for, male dominance and the environment they live in cause challenges for them”

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6. With reference to two plays, discuss the view that “exploitation and oppression co- exist as factors which hinder development in many societies in the third world countries” use four points for each reading.

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SECTION C (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.


Tales of Amadou Koumba - David Diop

Quartet - Richard Rive

A Walk in the Night and Other Stories - Alex La Guma

Houseboy - Ferdinand Oyono

The Old man and The Medal - Ferdinand Oyono

The Concubine - Elechi Amadi

Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali - Djibril Tamsir Niane

Secret Lives - Ngugi Wa Thiong’o

The Three Solid Stones - Martha Mvungi

Girls at War - Chinua Achebe

Uncle Tom’s Children Richard Wright

7. Giving eight points use The Concubine to show how traditional beliefs have a strong uniting effect on the people’s lives

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8. Using two readings read under this section with four points from each, pick two female characters from each reading and then evaluate the message one gets from them

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9. Use two novels or short stories read with four points from each to discuss how women are vulnerable victims of injustices that prevail in the society

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SECTION D (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.

TEXT: Selected poems — Tanzania Institute of Education

10. Poetic devices enhance the poets to send the message successfully to the public. Use two poems you have read under this course with four points each to support your answer

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11. Differentiate between lyrics and sonnets> Give four points for each

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12. Read the following poem and then answer the questions that follow

Front line

Where manhood and consciousness is tested

The only place to bury persecutions and burden of ages

The only place for declare names immortal

Trust me brother you will not be alone there

Front line

Where man will make his own lighting thunder

Where the enemy will fall and never to rise

Brother truly my shadow will be next to yours

Front line

I know it is bitter but I like it

I like it particularly because it is bitter

I like it because it is where it is where I belong

For out of bitterness comes equally, freedom and peace

I will be in the from time when the roll is called

Front line valleys and plains of events and history


  1. What is the poem about?
  2. How many stanzas are in this poem?
  3. What is the tone of the poem?
  4. Who is speaking in the poem?
  5. Identify the major possible themes found in this poem
  6. What technique has the poet used in this poem?
  7. Show the relevance of the themes portrayed in this poem to your society
  8. What message do we get from this poem?
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