(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 2:30 Hours Thursday, 09th November 2017 a.m.


1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D with a total of twelve (12) questions.

2. Answer two (2) questions from section A and one (1) question from each of sections B, C and D.

3. Each question carries 20 marks.

4. Cellular phones and any unauthorized materials are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (40 Marks)


Answer two (2) questions from this section.

1. Write brief explanations on each of the following literary terms.

(a) Fiction

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(b) Film

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(c) Stage direction

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(d) Episode

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(e) Figures of speech

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(f) Setting

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(g) Tragic comedy

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(h) Verse

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(i) Scene

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(j) Play within play.

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2. (a) What are the four major difficulties that students face when appreciating a poem?

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(b) Distinguish between the following literary terms:

(i) Poem and Poet

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(ii) Verse and Stanza.

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(iii) Rhyme and Rhythm.

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(iv) Narrative poem and Deductive poem.

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(v) Theme and Message.

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3. Account for features of play/drama which make it different from other genres of literature

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SECTION B (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section


The Lion and the Jewel - Wole Soyinka

The Trials of Brother Jero - Wole Soyinka

The Swamp Dwellers - Wole Soyinka

Kinjeketile - Ibrahim Hussein

Dilemma of a Ghost - Ama Ata Aidoo

The Barbed Wire - M. Rugyendo

Dedan Kimathi - Keneth Watene

The Government Inspector - N. Gogol

4. With reference to two readings, discuss the contention that “Modern education and Western civilisation are the causes of the African youths’ doing away with the culture of their ancestors.” (Use four points from each reading to support your argument).

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5. Explain how corruption is a problem that hinders development in many African societies with reference to two plays under this section. (Use four points from each reading).

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6. Using two plays, discuss the argument that “literature is the product of the society”. (Use four points from each reading).

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SECTION C (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.


Tales of Amadou Koumba - David Diop

Quartet - Richard Rive

A Walk in the Night and Other Stories - Alex La Guma

Houseboy - Ferdinand Oyono

The Old man and The Medal - Ferdinand Oyono

The Concubine - Elechi Amadi

Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali - Djibril Tamsir Niane

Secret Lives - Ngugi Wa Thiong’o

The Three Solid Stones - Martha Mvungi

Girls at War - Chinua Achebe

Uncle Tom’s Children - Richard Wright

7. Using The Concubine , discuss how love for Ihuoma who was possessed by the Sea King could bring misfortunes in life. (Use eight points to support your discussion).

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8. The coming of the white man to Africa has been the source of poverty and crimes. Assess the validity of this statement with evidence from two readings. (Use four points from each reading).

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9. Explain how people benefit from reading literary works by using two novels under the reading programme. (Use four points from each reading).

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SECTION D (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.

TEXT: Selected poems — Tanzania Institute of Education

10. Read the following poem and then answer the questions that follow.

IF WE MUST DIE By Claude McKay

If we must die - let it be not like hogs

Hunted and penned in an inglorious spot,

While round us bark the mad and hungry dogs,

Making their mock at our accursed lot.

If we must die - oh let us nobly die

So that our precious blood may not be shed

In vain: then even the monsters we defy

Shall be constrained to honour us through dead!

Oh Kinsmen! We must meet the common foe;

Though far outnumbered, let us show our bravery

And for their thousand blows one deathblow!

What though before us lies the open grave?

Like men we’ll face the murderous, cowardly pack,

Pressed to the wall, dying but fighting back!


(a) What is the poem about?

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(b) What type of poem is this? Why?

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(c) Identify four poetic devices used in the poem.

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(d) What four things do you learn from this poem?

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(e) Mention four themes found in the poem.

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(f) Briefly explain how relevant the poem is to the Tanzanian society.

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11. Poems like other literary genres have a message to deliver using literary devises. Discuss this argument using two poems studied under this section.

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12. Use two poems to examine how poetry is a powerful means of warning people about the evils which are happening in societies.

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