(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 2:30 Hours Thursday 12 th November 2015 p.m.


1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.

2. Answer two (2) questions from section A and one (1) question from each of sections B, C and D.

3. Each question carries 20 marks.

4. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (40 Marks)


Answer two (2) questions from this section.

1. (a) Define the following literary terms:

(i) Satire

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(ii) Allusion

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(iii) Alliteration

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(iv) Conflict

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(v) Simile

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(b) Show how literature is a reflection of life by giving five points.

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2. (a) Briefly explain how the difference between a novel and a poem lies in their form giving three points for each.

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(b) Why is it important to put plays in action?

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(c) With examples briefly explain the following literary devices:

(i) Hyperbole

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(ii) Irony

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(iii) Litotes

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(iv) Metaphor

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(v) Contrast

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3. (a) Briefly explain the following:

(i) Oral literature.

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(ii) Written literature.

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(b) Mention the three basic genres of literature.

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(c) It is argued that, the definition of the term literature is not complete unless it involves three elements namely art, language and society. Briefly support this view showing how these elements are part of literature.

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SECTION B (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.


The Lion and the Jewel - Wole Soyinka

The Trials of Brother Jero - Wole Soyinka

The Swamp Dwellers - Wole Soyinka

Kinjeketile - Ibrahim Hussein

Dilemma of a Ghost - Ama Ata Aidoo

The Barbed Wire - M. Rugyendo

Dedan Kimathi - Kenneth Watene

The Government Inspector - N. Gogol

4. Relate the titles of the plays you have read with the ideas presented by playwrights in two plays you have read. Give four points from each play.

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5. With references to two plays you have read, show how the conflicts found in the readings could have been resolved. Give four points from each play.

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6. Verify how playwrights have shown that betrayal is an evil which hinders change in society using two plays studied under this section. Give four points from each play to support your answer.

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SECTION C (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.


Tales of Amadou Koumba - David Diop

Quartet - Richard Rive

A Walk in the Night and Other Stories - Alex La Guma

Houseboy - Ferdinand Oyono

The Old man and The Medal - Ferdinand Oyono

The Concubine - Elechi Amadi

Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali - Djibril Tamsir Niane

Secret Lives - Ngugi Wa Thiong’o

The Three Solid Stones - Martha Mvungi

Girls at War - Chinua Achebe

Uncle Tom’s Children Richard Wright

7. Most African writers write on a major themes/issues taking place in society. Choose two readings you have read to support the statement giving four points from each reading.

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8. Choose two readings from those read under this section and write what you like most. Give four points from each reading.

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9. Discuss four common themes found in two readings of your choice by giving four points from each reading.

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SECTION D (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.

TEXT: Selected poems — Tanzania Institute of Education

10. Poets like any other literary writers, write when they have a message to deliver to the society. Choose any two poems you have studied and explain the intended message to the audience giving four points from each poem.

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11. Show how social reality is reflected in two poems you have studied under this section.

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12. Read the following poem and then answer the questions that follow:

EAT MORE By Joe Corrie

Eat more fruit! The slogan say, ‘More fish, more beef, more bread!’

But I’m on Unemployment more pay

My third year now, and wed.

And so I wonder when I’ll see the slogan when I pass,

The only one that would suit me

‘Eat more Bloody Grass!’


(a) What is the poem about?

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(b) What are the possible themes found in the poem?

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(c) How many stanzas are in this poem.

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(d) What figure of speech has been used in this poem?

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(e) What is the tone of the poem? Give reasons for your answer.

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(f) Why can the persona not afford a balanced diet?

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(g) Comment on the rhyming pattern of the poem.

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(h) Comment on the language used in the poem.

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