(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 2:30 Hours Thursday 14 th November 2013 p.m.


1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.

2. Answer two (2) questions from section A and one (1) question from each of sections B, C and D.

3. Each question carries 20 marks.

4. Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.

5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (40 Marks)


Answer two (2) questions from this section.

1. How does the language of literature differ from ordinary writing and speech?

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2. (a) Define the following terms as used in works of literature:

(i) Rehearsal 

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(ii) Imagery

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(iii) Tone

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(iv) Point of view

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(v) Plot 

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(vi) Symbolism

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(vii) Fable

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(viii) Persona

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(ix) Character

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(x) Stanza

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(b) Give five reasons as to why Literature should be taught as a subject to all secondary school students.

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3. (a) What are the differences in each of the following terms?

(i) Litotes and understatement

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(ii) Straight forward narration and flashback

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(iii) Metaphorical and literal language

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(iv) Onomatopoeia and metonymy

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(v) Metaphor and Simile.

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(b) With examples, give a brief explanation of the genres of Literature.

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SECTION B (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.


The Trials of Brother Jero - Wole Soyinka

The Swamp Dwellers - Wole Soyinka

Kinjeketile - Ibrahim Hussein

Dilemma of a Ghost - Ama Ata Aidoo

The Lion and the Jewel - Wole Soyinka

The Barbed Wire - M. Rugyendo

Dedan Kimathi - Kenneth Watene

The Government Inspector - N. Gogol

4. Plays are useful if they are acted on stage before the audience but they are not suitable when they are read silently or privately. Use two readings to justify the statement.

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5. Show how the theme of corruption has been portrayed in one play of your choice

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6. Some people find themselves victims of problems of their own creation. Choose one character from two plays you have read and show how they suffered as a result of the problems of their own creation.

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SECTION C (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.


Tales of Amadou Koumba David Diop

Quartet Richard Rive

A Walk in the Night and Other Stories Alex La Guma

Houseboy Ferdinand Oyono

The Concubine Elechi Amadi

Sundiata: An Epic of Old Mali Djibril Tamsir Niane

Secret Lives Ngugi Wa Thiong’o

The Three Solid Stones Martha Mvungi

The Old man and The Medal Ferdinand Oyono

Girls at War Chinua Achebe

Uncle Tom’s Children Richard Wright

7. Support the argument that ‘the reality of the happenings in any society is reflected in its literature’ using two readings.

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8. Choose any two characters from two different novels and show why you sympathise with each of them.

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9. Racism is an evil as it denies equality for human beings. Verify this statement with reference to two readings.

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SECTION D (20 Marks)


Answer one (1) question from this section.

TEXT: Selected poems — Tanzania Institute of Education

10. Poetry uses words with special power to express emotions, beauty and message. Use two poems to show the effective use of words in delivering the intended message.

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11. Read the following poem and then answer the questions that follow:

Your pain

Yet more my pain

Shall suffocate oppression

Your eyes

Yet more my eyes

Shall be speaking of revolt

Your scars

Yet more my scars

Will be remembering the whip

My hands

Yet more your hands

Will be lifted fully armed

My strength

Yet more your strength

Shall overcome imperialism

My blood

Yet more your blood

Shall irrigate our victory


(a) Using examples, comment on language use in this poem.

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(b) What three things can be learnt from this poem?

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(c) Who is the enemy of the poet?

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(d) How can the enemy in (c) above be overcome?

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(e) Mention and show any four poetic devices used in the poem.

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(f) What is the relevance of this poem to your society?

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(g) What feelings do you get after reading this poem? Give a reason for each.

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12. Show how the poets have used any five themes from any two poems studied under this course to deliver the intended message to the readers.

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