(b) The items (i-v) consist of four sentences which form a complete historical meaning. One of the sentences (A - E) is missing. Identify the missing sentence and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) 1.National armed forces are established because of some objectives.
2.They protect the country from external aggression.
3.They promote internal security and integrity.
They are characterized by jailing the thieves.
They participate in the League of Nations.
They are members of the Security Council.
They heavily depended on prisoner’s labor.
They provide assistance during national emergencies.
(ii) 1. The survival of the colonial system despite the formal attainment of political independence is called neo-colonialism.
2.African countries became victims of this system through political, economic and technical means.
4.Developing countries are conditioned to depend on the developed countries politically, socially and economically.
The system works through agents of colonialism.
This system works through African Unity.
This system works through the World Bank.
This system works through equal exchange.
This system works through scramble for colonies.
(iii)1. Political instability has also weakened the attempts of many countries to attain political unity.
2. Civil wars in Africa have contributed to the backwardness of the continent.
3.Civil wars have been experienced in Rwanda, Burundi, Sudan and Somalia.
Its consequences include lack of economic progress and loss of life.
Its consequences include loss of property and slave labour.
Its consequences include destruction of property and the power of Veto.
Its consequences include indirect rule and loss of life.
Its consequences include mass nationalism and nationalist struggles.
(iv)1.Colonial oppression was extended in political, economic and social spheres.
2.Politically, the Africans in Africa had no democracy.
3.They did not have representation in the legislative council.
They did not have the right to vote.
They lacked membership in the Security Council.
They demanded Africans to be Kings in Europe.
They replaced colonialism with neo-colonialism.
They initiated an Open Door Policy in Africa.
(v)1. The Portuguese were reluctant to grant independence since Mozambique was a settler colony.
2.The Portuguese never believed that Africans could be stronger than them.
3.The Portuguese government banned all political parties in the colony.
The Portuguese were ready for peaceful transformation of power.
Mozambique was not regarded as part and parcel of Portugal.
Portugal was one among the richest countries in Europe.
Colonies were regarded as overseas provinces of Portugal.
The colony was not very important to Portugal’s economy.