(b) The items i-v consists of four sentences which form a complete historical meaning. One of the sentences is missing. Identify the missing sentence from the sentences given after each set of items (A - E) and write its letter beside the item number.
(i) 1. In the 13th century, Ghana crumbled.
2. Its position was taken by several smaller states.
3. Among these was the former kingdom of Kangaba.
Kangaba grew up to become the empire of Songhai.
Kangaba was led by Askia Mohamed.
Kangaba grew up to become the empire of Mali.
Kangaba was led by Osei Tutu.
Kangaba disengaged from the grip of the Forest states.
(ii) 1. There were few communal societies in East Africa by 1850.
3. These people still lived in shifting groups of hunters and gatherers.
4. They had few external interactions and maintained their mode of production.
These include the Hadzabe of Tanzania and Tindiga of Uganda.
These include the Hadzabe of Uganda and Teuso of Kenya.
These include the Teuso and Dorobo of Kenya.
These include the Tindinga of Kenya and Dorobo of Tanzania.
These include the Teuso of Uganda and Dorobo of Kenya.
(iii) 1. Post-colonial efforts to develop the commercial sector were greatly influenced by the colonial legacy.
2. In Kenya, private ownership was greatly consolidated after independence.
4. In Tanzania, various efforts have been made to place the commercial sector in the hands of the people.
In Uganda, Milton Obote launched a Common Mans Charter in 1976.
Private enterprises were confiscated from the Arabs in Uganda.
In Uganda, Idd Amin repatriated most of the Asian traders and placed their commercial enterprises in the hands of his military clique.
Portuguese wholesale traders controlled the commercial sector in Uganda.
Commercial institutions were closed in Uganda due to bankruptcies.
(iv) 1. Indirect rule enabled the colonial government to solve the problem of the shortage of white personnel.
2. The few white officials could not by themselves administer large and populous colonies without the assistance of local agents.
4. It also promoted divisions along ethnic lines which kept the colonial subjects divided and easy to rule.
A It made the French colonial administrators act only as supervisors.
It was a useful system during the struggle for independence. C t was initiated by Fredrick Lugard in northern Angola.
It allowed the Africans to register as French citizens.
It enabled the colonial state to collect tribute and taxes.
(v) 1. After the 1886 agreement, responsibility for administering Kenya was entrusted to the British COnsul in Zanzibar.
2. However, in 1888 this responsibility was transferred to William Mackinnons East African Company.
3. In the same year, the company received a royal charter.
It was named British East African Protectorate.
It was renamed the Imperial British East African Company.