(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Year: 2009


1. For each of the items (i) - (x) choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number.

(i)Which one among the following statements is not true about the discoveries made by man during the middle stone age?

A.Development of sharper, smaller and portable tools

B.Introduction of stone picks, spears, arrows, knives and needles

C.Use of wooden and bone materials to facilitate production

D.Discovery of fire

E.Emergence of social cultural groups or ethnic groups

Choose Answer :

(ii)The Portuguese conquest of the East African Coast was led by:

A.King Emmanuel

B.Ahmed Ibn Majid

C.Henry the Navigator

D.Vasco Salgado

E.Francisco D Almeida

Choose Answer :

(iii)Which of the following best describes the Stone Age Era?

A.When man used stone artifacts widely in his daily life

B.When stones were formed on earth

C.When man used stones widely as ornaments

D.When Africans used stones to fight against invaders

E.When stone became a major commodity in a long distance trade.

Choose Answer :

(iv)Why are missionaries important in African history?

A.Treated Africans very well

B.Brought in trade goods with them

C.Accounts of their expeditions and experiences attracted more Europeans

D.Established medical services

E.Introduced civilization in Africa

Choose Answer :

(v) Who among the following supported greatly the idea to have a British Empire from the Cape to Cairo?

A.Sir George Goldie

B.Cecil John Rhodes

C.Captain Frederick Lugard

D.Sir Harry Johnston

E.Carl Peters

Choose Answer :

(vi)The first British Governor in Kenya, Sir Charles Eliot, stressed on the:

A.constitution of the Uganda railway

B.establishment of settler economy

C. creation of Kenya as the industrial centre for East Africa

D.introduction of steamers in Lake Victoria

E.integration of Kikuyu into plantation economy

Choose Answer :

(vii) Which among the following statements was a problem towards independence in Nigeria?

A.Elitism, tribalism and ignorance

B.Regionalism, tribalism and religion

C.Poverty, tribalism and ignorance

D.Religion, tribalism and poverty E. Elitism, tribalism and poverty

Choose Answer :

(viii) One of the major objectives of SADC is to: member states to secure genuine and equitable regional integration

B.establish a common defense among the member states

C.promote the use of Kiswahili language among the member states Southern African countries to be self-reliant instead of depending on South Africa member states to combat HIV/AIDS pandemic

Choose Answer :

(ix) One of the important features of feudal relations of production as prevailed in the Interlacustrine Region during the pre-colonial period was:

A.commercial ownership of land

B.communal ownership of land

C.private ownership of land and cattle

D.private ownership of labour force E. private ownership of capital

Choose Answer :

(x) One of the notable United Nations failures in its objectives is its inability to:

A.control food shortage

B.eradicate colonial rule

C.establish tribunes for war criminals

D.prevent big powers from violating its principles

E.control poverty in Africa

Choose Answer :

2.Match the dates in LIST A with the historical events in LIST B by writing the letter of the correct event beside the number of the date.



(i) 1487

(ii) 1815



(v) 1929

(vi) 1954

(vii) 1967

 (viii) 1982

(ix) 1994

(x) 2001

  1. Great Economic Crisis started
  2. Independence of Liberia
  3. The Tanzania Peoples Defense Force was formed
  4. Bartholomew Diaz landed in South Africa
  5. Suez Canal was opened
  6. The Organization of African Unity gave birth to African Union
  7. Beginning of British rule in Zanzibar
  8. Nelson Mandela was released from Roben Island
  9. Britain annexed Cape Colony
  10. Tanzania adopted National Economic Survival Programme.
  11. Kenya entered into the first multiparty election
  12. Genocide in Rwanda
  13. Birth of the Tanganyika African National Union
  14. The policy of Socialism and Self Reliance was introduced in Tanzania
  15. Samora Machel was assassinated
  16. Kwame Nkrumah became the president of Ghana
  17. Vasco Da gama reached India
  18. German colonial administration came to an end.
  19. Jan Van Riebeeck landed at the Cape of South Africa.
  20. The First World War came to an end
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3.(a) Draw a sketch map of East Africa and mark the following historical sites: Olduvai Gorge, Fort Ternan, Rusinga Island, Kondoa and Nsongezi.

(b) State the Historical significance of the sites mentioned in (a) above.

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4.(a) Arrange the following statements in chronological order by using number I to 5 to write beside the item number.

i. Furthermore the trade increased in size when in the 1770s the French opened up plantations of sugar in Mauritius and Reunion.

ii. However, the indigenous chiefs in the hinterland of East Africa imageparticipated fully in the trade because it was their source of political imageand economic power.

iii.At the beginning, Slave Trade was small in size because the slaves imagewere taken to work as domestic slaves.

iv.The coming of Seyyid Said to Zanzibar intensified the trade.

v.The clove and coconut economy in Zanzibar mainly depended on the Slave Trade.

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(b) Identify the incorrect historical statement in the following items and write its letter beside the item number.

(i) A. Selling war prisoners were one of the methods used to obtain slaves in East Africa.

B. Slave traders raided villages during nights to capture slaves. 

C. Some members of the family were convinced to join slavery.

D.Dangerous criminals and other law-breakers were sold as slaves in some societies.

E.Frequent burning of villages added the number of slaves to slave traders.

(ii)A. History is a record of human activities.

B. Human activities enabled man to obtain his needs from nature. 

C. Man enters into definite social relations with other people.

D.History accounts for Queens and Kings.

E.Man's basic needs constitute food, clothing and shelter.

(iii) A. State organization as a pre-colonial African political system was purely based on pastoral economy practiced by the Nandi, Turkana and Maasai people.

B.Age-set-system depended on keeping herds of cattle and the leadership was age based.

C.The Baganda practiced state organization which had permanent farming economy.

D.Mixed farming was principally exercised by the Ntemiship organizational systems mainly among the Sukuma, Kikuyu and Kamba people.

E.Clan organization was among political systems practiced through shifting agriculture.

(iv) A. The Berlin Conference of 1884/1885 was an imperialist conference which brought together Europeans and African chiefs to divide Africa.

B.The Berlin Conference legalized the division of African countries among European capitalists.

C.The Berlin Conference solved the conflicts among the European powers over African land.

D.The Berlin Conference declared the basins of Nile, Niger and Congo Rivers as free zones.

E.The Berlin Conference resolved to abolish slave trade in all European occupied territories.

(v). A.The plantation agriculture was a very distinctive form of cultivation in which specialized crops were grown.

B.The plantation agriculture used a large number of closely unskilled labourers who were supervised by foremen.

C.In Central Africa rubber plantations were owned by the Germans and the French settlers.

D.Plantations were scientifically managed and involved the use of machines.

E.There was a maximum of profit making through super exploitation of labourers during the colonial period.

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5.Explain the factors for the rise of the Bunyoro - Kitara kingdom.

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6.Account for the Nandi resistance against their land occupation by the British.

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7.Compare and contrast British and French systems of administration as practiced in Africa during the colonial period.

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8.Examine the factors for nationalism in Africa after the Second World War.

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9."Political changes which have been taking place in African states since the second half of the 1980s are a result of inevitable internal and external circumstances". Discuss.

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10.Explain the objectives of the newly re-established East African Community and how Tanzania is likely to benefit from it.

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