4.Under each of the sentences (i) — (x) below there are five statements. One of the statements wrongly explains the sentence. Identify the wrong statement and write the letter of the statement beside the sentence number.
(i) Africa and the Middle East are related both geographically and historically. A. Out of the 22 members of the Arab League, nine are in Africa.
B.Slaves from Africa worked in big plantations established by the Berbers.
C.The Arab states have had commercial, religious, cultural and economic ties with the African continent from ancient times.
D.Trans-Saharan trade served as a major link between the Ovo regions.
E.In East Africa pre-colonial trade link with Middle East evolved prosperous coastal city states.
(ii)The major European activities in Africa between the 15th and 19th centuries were:
(iii)After independence African countries were confronted by various political, economic and social challenges including how to:
A. Contain political strife and coup d'états.
B. Conform to the OAU and UNO Charters.
C. Exploit and redistribute resources and land.
D.Maintain national sovereignty and integrity.
E.Correct international boundaries set by the colonial powers.
(iv)The following statements explain about the coming of the Whites in South Africa:
A.The first whites to settle at the Cape of South Africa came from Holland in 1652.
B.The coming of the whites in South Africa should be seen in the light of the economic development in Europe in the 16th and 17th centuries.
C.The period between the 16th and 17th centuries was marked by the rise of monopoly capitalism in Europe.
D.In the 16th and 17th centuries trade within and outside Europe was crucial in the development of European economies.
E.In this period the principal concern of the European nations was to accumulate wealth in the form of gold, silver and spices.
(v) The Independence of Ghana strengthened African confidence.
A. Kwame Nkrumah played a leading role in the continent-wide struggle for independence.
B. In April 1958, Nkrumah called the first conference of Independent African States.
C. In the first Conference of Independent African States the heads of states of independent Africa took a common stand against colonialism.
D. South African regime under W.P. Botha walked out of the first Conference of Independent African States.
E. The first Conference of independent African States laid the foundation for the formation of the Organization of African Unity.
(vi) Colonialism created the conditions of neo-colonialism.
A.Economically, the structures set emphasized on primary sector.
B.The industrial sector was the smallest of all. C. Rich Africans were not accommodated.
D.Revolutionary nationalist leaders were eliminated.
E.The African petty-bourgeoisie as a class was created to serve the big capitalists.
(vii)The following statements explain about the slave owning societies in East Africa by 1850.
A. Usually slaves could not marry or acquire wealth.
B. Slaves were people who had become attached to chiefs' courts.
C. Slaves were men so controversial that their kinsmen disowned them.
D. Slaves were prisoners of war.
E. Examples of societies which owned slaves were Kerewe and Sambaa.
(viii)The Berlin Conference was an imperialist conference which:
A. legalized the partition of African countries among European imperialist powers.
B. influenced penetration of European missionaries and explorers in the interior of Africa.
C. resolved inter-imperialist conflicts over Africa.
D. declared the Nile, Niger and Congo River basins as free zones.
E. declared abolition of slave trade in the European territories.
(ix)The indirect rule system:
A. was introduced and enforced by Lord Fredrick Lugard.
B. made most of African chiefs the main colonial administrative instruments.
C. helped the colonial officials to collect taxes easily from the local people.
D. was more effective in German colonies than in the French West African colonies.
E. was introduced first in Northern Nigeria among the Islamic emirates.
(x) The following are the main functions of the Moran in the Maasai society:
A. Protect the whole society.
B. Protect livestock against enemies and wild animals
C.Trade with neighbouring societies in order to accumulate more livestock.
D. Raid neighbouring communities for the purpose of increasing the number of their herds.
E. Travel far with the herds in search for water and pastures.