(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours Year: 2021 


  1. This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of twelve (12) questions.
  2. Answer all questions in sections A and B and three (3) questions from sections C.
  3. Section A carries fifteen (15) marks, Section B forty (40) marks and Section C carries forty five (45) marks.
  4. Cellular phones and any unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks) 
Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the most correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.

(i) Which statement is the possible condition of the expression "If I had lost my job, I would have gone abroad?"

  1. If I lost my job, I will go abroad.
  2. If I had lose my job, I would go abroad.
  3. If I lose my job, I will go abroad.
  4. If I lost my job, I would go abroad.
  5. If I had lose my job, I will go abroad
Choose Answer :

(ii) You hear someone saying "She was my friend, wasn't she?" Why did the speaker use the question tag?

  1. to confirm information
  2. to seek information
  3. to show positivity and negativity
  4. to express feelings
  5. to show repeated auxiliary verbs
Choose Answer :

(iii) Which statement is the past perfect of 'No sooner did we leave the house than it began to rain'?

  1. No sooner we did leave the house than it began to rain.
  2. No sooner we had leave the house than it began to rain. 
  3. No sooner had we left the house than it begun to rain.
  4. No sooner we had leave the house than it begun to rain.
  5. No sooner had we left the house than it began to rain.
Choose Answer :

(iv) Your friend once said, 'The man was sank in the river but it was the boat which wasdrowned in the same river.' You realised the sentence was incorrect. What was hecorrectly supposed to say?

  1. The man sank but the boat drowns in the same river.
  2. The man was drowned but the boat sank in the same river.
  3. The boat drowned but the man sinks in the same river.
  4. The boat drowns but the man sinks in the same river.
  5. The boat was drowned but the man sank in the same river.
Choose Answer :

(v) You have been asked to participate in debate with a topic "African countries should stop from receiving grants from Abroad." As a participant, how do you name the topic under discussion?

  1. Agenda
  2. Program
  3. Motion
  4. Issue
  5. Argument
Choose Answer :

(vi) When do you use salutations "Dear Sir/madam" in application letters?

  1. When the recipient is your family member.
  2. If you do not know the recipient.
  3. If you know the recipient.
  4. When the recipient is in the same town.
  5. When the recipient is in a different town.
Choose Answer :

(vii) Your teacher asks you to compose a fictional story by using literary devices and skills. Which among the following is the literary name for the composed story?

  1. Biography writing
  2. Argumentative writing
  3. Creative writing
  4. Non-creative writing
  5. Autobiography writing
Choose Answer :

(viii) James and Ally were arguing on the importance of education. James said "I think education is of no significance to all human beings." What does James' argumentbased on?

  1. Fact
  2. Wisdom
  3. Suggestion
  4. Opinion
  5. Observation
Choose Answer :

(ix) Which list of elements is in the correct order of occurrence when you are writing a Curriculum Vitae (CV)?

  1. Work experience, Referees, Hobbies, Personal details, Educational background
  2. Educational background, Work experience, Personal details, Referees, Hobbies
  3. Hobbies, Educational background, Personal details, Work experience, Referees
  4. Work experience, Educational background, Referees, Hobbies, Personal details
  5. Personal details, Educational background, Work experience, Hobbies, Referees
Choose Answer :

(x) Suppose you have been asked by your teacher to give a speech about a certain topic prior to make preparation. How do we call such improvised speech?

  1. Classroom speeches
  2. Impromptu speeches
  3. Formal speeches
  4. Public speeches
  5. Ceremonial speeches
Choose Answer :

2. Match each sentence in List A with its appropriate tense in List B by writing its letter beside the corresponding item number in the answer booklet provided.

List A

List B

(i) I declare this exhibition open.

(ii) Juma has not been home since he was a boy.

(iii) Our new football coach is speaking to my brother.

(iv) I never met my grandparents.

(v) She was wondering if you could give her a lift.

  1. Future Progressive
  2. Past Progressive
  3. Present Progressive
  4. Simple Future
  5. Present Perfect
  6. Simple Past
  7. Simple Present
  8. Future Perfect
View Ans

SECTION B (40 Marks)
Answerallquestions in this section.

3.Assume that you want to travel from Dar es Salaam to Dodoma. How would you make a reservation for your journey using telephone? Write your answers using the given question guides in (i) - (iv).

  1. How would you introduce yourself?
  2. How would you give the message?
  3. How would you ask for the bus fare?
  4. How would you ask for the reporting time?
View Ans

4.Change the meaning of words in item (i) - (iv) by adding a prefix or suffix according to instructions given after each.

  1. 'refine' to mean 'a place of activity'
  1. 'fire' to mean 'wrongly or astray'
  2. 'mud' to mean 'covered with'
  3. 'check' to mean 'in opposition to or against'
View Ans

5.Construct one sentence to show actions by using each of the given guidelines.

  1. An action that was frequently repeated in the past.
  2. Two actions which are in progress at the moment of speaking.
  3. An action that was in progress in the past.
  4. Two actions which were in progress at the same time in the past.
View Ans

6 Re write correctly each sentence to show possessive case.

  1. That is a foot length.
  1. We saw the butcher shop.
  2. A student at Tegeta Girls Secondary School.
  3. She works at Ladies beauty salon.
  4. Please do it, for goodness sake!
  5. I hate a duty call.
  6. He was the president at teachers trade union.
  7. It is a day match.
View Ans

7. Consider the following dialogue betweenAll and Janet and then answer the questions that follow.

Ali:Hello, Janet, where are you going?

Janet:I'm going to the playground to watch a football match.

Ali:(laughing) I'm going to the bus stop to receive my brother who is coming from Pemba.Janet: Then you must hurry up.


  1. Imagine that you were Janet, report the dialogue to another person in a single paragraph.
  2. Assume you were Ali, report the above dialogue to another person in a single paragraph.
View Ans

8. Construct one sentence by using prepositions expressing each of the following function.

  1. Stating relationship between people.
  2. Meaning 'higher than' something.
  3. Denoting speed of an object.
  4. Signifying possession.
View Ans

SECTION C (45 Marks)
Answer three (3) questions from this section.

9. You have attended lessons on creative writing by using literary devices. Compose a two stanza poem with four verses each and identify the following literary devices from the poem you have composed.

  1. Metaphor
  2. Personification
  1. Simile
  2. Hyperbole
  3. Persona
  4. Refrain
  5. Barbarism
View Ans


A Wreath for Fr. Mayer
S. N. Ndunguru (1977), Mkuki na Nyota
Unanswered Cries
Osman Conteh, Macmillan
Passed Like a Shadow
B. M Mapalala (2006), DUP
S. N. Ndunguru (2004), Mkuki na Nyota
Weep Not Child
Ngugi wa Thiong'o (1987); Heinemann
The Interview
P. Ngugi (2002), Macmillan
Three Suitors: One Husband O. Mbia (1994), Eyre Methuen
The Lion and the Jewel
W. Soyinka (1963), OUP
This Time Tomorrow
Ngugi wa Thiong'o (1972), Heinemann
The Black Hermit
Ngugi wa Thiong'o (1968) Heinemann
Songs of Lawino and Ocol
O. P'Bitek (1979), EAPH
Growing up with Poetry
D. Rubadiri (ed) (1989), Heinemann
R. Mabala (1960), TPH

10. "Poets/poetess uses the poetic sound devices to convey messages to the society." Using two poems which are prescribed under this section validate this statement by giving three points in each.

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11. "Challenges in life are a source of disappointments for many people in the society in general." Justify this statement by using two plays you have read. Provide three points from each play.

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12. Defend the assertion that "ignorance has been one of the barriers towards development." Provide three points from two novels you have read.

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