THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION
(For Both School and Private Candidates Only)
This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.
Answer all questions in sections A and B; and sections C and D as instructed under each section.
Cellular phones and calculators are not allowed in the examination room.
Write your ExaminationNumber on every page of your answer booklet(s).
COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY
1. Read the passage below carefully then answer the questions that follow.
In the area where water is not enough throughout the year, the farmer has to use the available materials to conserve soil moisture. The soil moisture can be preserved by using dry materials that can be applied as a carpet on the ground or plant hedges which will prevent the available moisture to be dried up by the sun especially during dry seasons.
However, care must be taken not to plant hedges which will compete with the plants for consumption of soil nutrients. The trees planted should not be too close to the plants, but just to create shading to the plants in the field.
The application of dry materials in the field, not only conserves the soil moisture, but also adds soil fertility through decaying of those materials. The decomposition of organic matters in the soil results in improving soil structure and hence high production of crops.
Apart from adding fertility to the soil, the decaying matters act as a soil cover to prevent soil erosion especially during heavy rains. It also suppresses weeds which compete with the crops in the field.
In the areas where farm manure or other fertilizers are not available, mulching materials can be the best supplement in the soil.
(a)Choose the most correct answer from among the alternatives given and write its letter in your answer booklet.
(i) When mulching material should be applied in the field?
During heavy rainfall throughout the year
When the rain or water is not available in the area
When different types of crops are planted in the same land
When the farmers do not have fertilizers
Throughout the year in different places.
Choose Answer :
(ii) How trees used as hedges or shades should be planted?
Should not be so close to the plants to avoid nutrients competition
Should be close to the plants to ensure shading
Should be planted by using manure
Should be planted very far from the plants
Should be planted with mulching materials.
Choose Answer :
(iii) Soil fertility is a result of what?
Decomposition of the field crops
Planting trees around the farm
Preservation of the soil moisture in the field
APplying manure in the field.
Choose Answer :
(iv) Why is it important to apply dry matters in the soil?
It adds moisture in the soil
It creates the room for insects
It prevents heavy rainfall
It prevents sun rays
It improves soil fertility.
Choose Answer :
(b) Complete the following sentences with the right information from the passage.
(i) The process of decaying of organic matter involves ________________.
(ii) Application of dry matters on top of the soil acts as a carpet to avoid _____________.
(iii) The best supplement in the soil can be ______________.
18px;">2. Read and summarize the following passage in five sentences in a single paragraph.
It is very easy to acquire bad habits such as eating too many sweets, drinking too much or smoking. The more we do it, the more we like it. If we do not continue doing it we feel unhappy.
This is called the force of habit which should be fought by each of us.
One of the deeply rooted habits is the use of tobacco. Tobacco is now smoked or chewed by not only men and women but also youths all over the world. It was brought to Africa by foreigners from America. Smoking and chewing tobacco is not good and it is difficult to get rid of it once it has been formed.
Alcohol is taken in almost all cool and cold climates. It is unnecessary to anybody in any way. In Tanzania, there are people who use alcohol. The excessive use of alcohol should be avoided as it causes harm in many ways. It affects various organs, it weakens the liver and mental powers and lessens the general energy of the body.
Answer questions 8,9 and two of the four given alternatives in question 10.
8. Rearrange the following five sentences into a logical sequence to make a meaningful paragraph by writing the corresponding letter in the answer booklet provided. Use the following format for your answers.
A. They were shouting to the bus driver who caused a serious accident.
B. On my way to the market, I met a crowd of people shouting.
C. Finally, the bus driver was taken to the nearby police station.
D. One day, I was asked to go to the market by my mother.
E. Two people who were on the motor bicycle died on the spot.
10. Answer two questions from the four alternatives A, B, C and D.
A. Write a letter to the General Manager, Arusha Posho Millers P.O. Box 444 Arusha, applying for the post of an Accountant as it was advertised in the Sunday News of 21st April, 2015. Sign your name as Mzuri Kalumekenge and your address is P.O. Box 333 Chekereni.
B. Tanzania has been losing a lot of citizens in the road accidents. Imagine you were the Minister for Home Affairs, prepare a speech of not more than 250 words on the causes of these accidents. Give eight points.