THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION
(For Both School and Private Candidates)
Time: 3 Hours Year: 2009
1. Read the passage below carefully and answer the questions that follow.
To achieve the objective of a development plan, the whole nation must work as a team. We must marshal all the help we can get for the struggle. And in working for the future, we must guard all that is valuable in our inheritance.
We in this country have great natural resources. First, we have the people who are enthusiastic, friendly and law-abiding. This is our great asset in development. But we have also good land and minerals. And we have wildlife such as those found in a few other parts of the world. These things we must preserve, and put at our service. Perhaps, the most important of all, we must retain the values of our brotherliness, or family-hood, which our fathers had. Our task is to widen those values not to eradicate them. This is in fact, the purpose of all our work and all our plans; the creation, through African socialism, of our country in which we can all live proudly as brothers.
The tasksbefore us are immense surveying them. We might be inclined to ask like the baby centipede; 'How do we start? Which leg do I move first?' And the answer is the same as he was given: 'Move child, move!' No one of us can solve all the problems in front of our nation, but as each of us does his own task, so progress will be made.
(i) In paragraph 2, the writer suggests that the part of our inheritance which we must guard most carefully is:
the enthusiasm of friendly people
the unusual wildlife
the good land and minerals
the feeling of brotherhood
the good land, people and minerals
Choose Answer :
(ii) The writer declares that:
if all the people in the nation work freely and democratically the plan must succeed.
the success of the plan depends on the house.
if all the people work together we will succeed.
the success of the plans depend on the worst poverty our country now experiences.
if all the people in the nation work harder the plan must succeed.
Choose Answer :
(iii)The point of the story about the centipede is that:
people should work faster.
it is difficult to know which part of the task to attempt first.
children must be told to move first.
the tasks are so many and so great that progress will be difficult.
it is easy to plan on which step to start with as long as we have set our goals.
Choose Answer :
(iv) The writer's intention in the last two sentences is to:
show that the whole ability of the nation must be used in a disciplined effort.
praise the quality of our weapons and ammunition.
show clearly the objective of the plan.
call the people to meet the challenge and achieve Uhuru.
show that if people use the weapons available, they can be successful.
Choose Answer :
(b) Complete the following sentences by filling in the blank spaces with appropriate information from the passage.
(i)The word development means . . . . . . . . . .
(ii)The objective of development plan is . . . . . . . . . .
(iii)The phrase: Our weapons are our hands and our determination means . . . . . .
2. Summarize the following passage in five (5) sentences.
Climate is the most important factor in soil formation. It has two components - temperature and rainfall. Vegetation, micro-organisms and animals including man, greatly influence the formation of soil. Vegetation exerts its main influence on soil formation through the amount and nature of the organic matter that it adds to the soil. Relief influences soil formation primarily as a factor affecting erosion and as a modifier of climate and water-air relationships.
Parent material is the initial state of the soil system as it represents the weathered rock materials from which the soil develops. The kind of soil that develops depends in part upon the kind of parent rocks and parent materials which influence the physical and chemical properties of the resulting soil. The maturity of a soil is determined by the time factor. The length of time required for a soil to develop horizons depends upon many inter-related factors such as climate, nature of the parent material, organisms and relief.
3. Complete the following sentences with the suitable word among the words given below. Write the correct word against the item number. More; much; lot; enough; many; little; any; not.
In the evening, there were (i) . . . . . . . . people at the bus stand. These would have given me a (ii) . . . . . . of money if I carried them. But there wasn't (iii) . . . . . . . . diesel in the tank. The (iv) . . . . . . . diesel I had was just enough to drive back home. Oh! How I wished I had more.
5.Study the following diagram, read the passage that follows it and answer the questions.
This diagram represents Mambo's and Nake's family. They have only two children who are Kashata and Che. Kashata got married to Ko. They have two children who are Mei and Koko. Che got married to Furaha and have got two children, Mema and Mai.
D. Write a letter to the Manager, Mtwara Cooperative Union, Makonde Street, P. O. Box 345 Mtwara. Apply for the post of Accounts Clerk as it was advertised in the Daily News of Thursday June 15th, 2009. Sign your name as Doto Majaliwa Kazimoto.
14.Different groups of people and individuals have different goals and interests which are sources of conflict in the society. Justify this statement by referring to two (2) plays you have read under this section.