THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL OF TANZANIA CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION
(For Both School and Private Candidates)
Time: 3 Hours Year: 2008
COMPREHENSION AND SUMMARY
1. Read the passage below carefully and answer the questions that follow.
Trees play an important role in preserving and protecting our environment of Earth. They absorb carbon dioxide and release oxygen into the air. In this way they help to reduce the amount of pollution in the Earth's atmosphere. They also play an important part in the water cycle as they release moisture into the atmosphere through their leaves. This helps the formation of clouds which bring rain. Loss of trees can therefore be a cause of drought. In addition, at times when there is a lot of rain, trees can soak up much of the extra water and so they help to prevent floods. Trees also benefit the soil where they grow. They prevent soil erosion as they work like nets trapping soil and stopping it from being washed away. In addition, fallen trees, branches and leaves decay on the ground, making the soil more fertile.
An individual tree is home to all kinds of animals: insects, birds, reptiles and mammals as well as other plants. In a forest, millions of types of trees can be found. For example tropical rain forests, which occupy less than 8% of the Earth's land area, are home to well over 50% of all land plants and animals.
In addition to these benefits, products from trees provide us with thousands of everyday items. Many fruits and seeds are eaten by humans and animals. Then there is wood. People do thousands of things with wood. It is used in the construction of both traditional and modern buildings. Inside most buildings there is furniture like wardrobes, tables, chairs, beds and so on, all of which are made of wood. In the streets there may be all kinds of structures made of wood: signboards and telegraph poles are just two. Wood is also an important source of fuel.
(i) Trees play an important role in preserving and protecting our environment because they:
provide shade on hot days and shelter on wet days.
protect the environment from pollution and the effects of weather.
provide fruits and seeds which are eaten by humans and animals.
make the soil fertile by producing oxygen and absorbing carbon dioxide.
absorb excessive moisture from the atmosphere.
Choose Answer :
(ii) Loss of trees may cause drought because:
the soil that is trapped by trees is washed away by rains.
there would be no branches and leaves to make the soil fertile.
clouds which bring rain won't be there if there are no trees.
absence of trees will definitely reduce the amount of moisture in the atmosphere.
without trees moisture cannot be preserved in the atmosphere.
Choose Answer :
(iii)Trees play an important part in the water cycle by:
preserving the soil.
preventing the soil from being washed away.
soaking up much of the extra water from the soil and the atmosphere.
increasing the amount of moisture in the atmosphere.
absorbing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Choose Answer :
(iv)Apart from their environmental importance, trees are also beneficial to humans since they:
provide home to all kinds of animals.
release water into the atmosphere.
provide fruits, wood and fuel.
balance the amount of water in the soil and air.
stop the soil from being washed away.
Choose Answer :
(v) Complete the Table with appropriate information from the passage. An example is given.
The importance of trees
E.g.: They provide shade and shelter
Protection sunshine and rain
(a) They release oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide from the air
(b) The release moisture into the air
(c) They soak up extra water from the soil
(d) They trap soil and prevent it from bein washed awa
(e) Fallen trees, branches and leaves deca on the round
Answer questions 8, 9 and two (2) of the four (4) given alternatives in question 10.
8. Pretend that you were the commissar of the match in which Mawenzi Secondary School refused to play. Here is the summary you wrote to the organizers of the competition, but the sentences are not in order. Re-arrange them to make a correct report.
A. After waiting for 10 minutes, the referee met with his linesmen, discussed and decided to end the match by awarding Nyegezi Secondary School 2 goals and 2 points.
B. Nyegezi Secondary School lined up but their opponents were nowh re to be seen.
C. At exactly 4.30 p.m the referee blew his whistle to call the teams.
D. The referee and his linesmen entered the pitch at 4.00 pm.
E. At exactly 4.15 p.m, Nyegezi team entered the pitch.
B. Assume that you are the class master of Form 3 at Mzumbe Secondary School. You would like your 30 students to pay a visit to Mzumbe University in Morogoro on the 26th November, 2008 to see the way lecturers interact with students and how students study independently. Write a letter of request to The Vice Chancellor, Mzumbe University, P. O. Box 1, Morogoro.
Use your name as Subira or Mawazo Juma of P.O. Box 14, Kimarang' ombe
D. Despite the three common enemies of Tanzania's development namely ignorance, diseases and poverty, corruption has emerged as the fourth. Suggest the root causes of corruption and the ways to stop this social problem in not less than 250 words.
12.Poetry is one of the most effective genres that have been used by poets to reflect the conflicts that emerged due to the contact between the old traditions and the modern ways. With reference to two poems verify the statement above.
14.Titles of books usually have a close relationship to the main ideas/massages found in them. Use TWO readings you have read to show how the titles of those books have a relationship to the message given. What can a reader learn from that message?