013          GEOGRAPHY 

(For Both School and Private Candidates)

Time: 3 Hours                                            Wednesday, 06th November 2019 p.m


  1.  This paper consists of sections A, B and C with a total of ten (10) questions.
  2.  Answer all questions in sections A and B and any two (2) questions from section C.
  3.  Map extract of Mkomazi (Sheet 109/1) is provided.
  4.  Programmable calculators, cellular phones and unauthorised materials are not allowed in the examination room.
  5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s).

SECTION A (15 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

1. For each of the items (i) — (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter besides the item number in the answer booklet provided.

(i) Which of the following layers of the earths interior is made up of sima and sial?

  1.  Biosphere 
  2. Hydrosphere 
  3. Asthenosphere 
  4. Lithosphere 
  5. Barysphere
Choose Answer :

(ii) Senegal National team scored a goal at 2:00 pm in Senegal (1500 W). At what time at Burundi (300 E) the goal was scored?

  1.  2:00 am           
  2. 10:00 am     
  3. 4:00 am
  4. 10:00 pm     
  5. 12:00 am
Choose Answer :

(iii) Mitomingi was wondering the way large amount of soil and rock materials were sliding downward towards the steep slope. What geological processes were occurring in that area?

  1. Weathering and erosion
  2. Deposition and transportation
  3. Weathering and denudation
  4. Mass wasting and transportation
  5. Erosion and transportation
Choose Answer :

(iv) You are asked to help a Form Two student who failed to identify the types of forests found in the area with low temperatures. What type of forest will you suggest among the following?

  1. Tropical rain forest 
  2. Coniferous forest
  3. Equatorial forest 
  4. Deciduous forest
  5. Mediterranean forest
Choose Answer :

(v) Taha used to see a group of herdsmen moving seasonally with their cattle between lowlands and highlands in search of water and pasture. What is the general term for such movement?

  1.  Pastoralism
  2. Transhumance 
  3. Nomadism 
  4. Semi-nomadic 
  5. Zero grazing
Choose Answer :

(vi) What is the social-economic advantage of reserved forests to societies?

  1.  Tourism 
  2. Lumbering
  3. Mining      
  4. Forestry
  5. Agriculture
Choose Answer :

(vii)    After learning different types of soil texture, students were asked to identify the best type of soil which can be mixed with cement for building a house. What type of soil will be picked by the students who understood the lesson?

  1.  Sandy  
  2. Silt  
  3. Alkaline soil 
  4. Loam 
  5. Clay
Choose Answer :

(viii)  Jane was living in Dar es Salaam since 1990 and works as a secretary in Prime Ministerw Office. In January 2019 she was transferred to a new office in Dodoma region. Identify the type of Janes movement.

  1.  migrant 
  2. emigration 
  3. immigrant 
  4. emigrant 
  5.  immigration
Choose Answer :

(ix)  Suppose you want to carry out a field study on atmospheric conditions suitable for growth of crops cultivated on a farm within your village. What are the best components of weather to be considered?

  1. Rainfall and soil
  2. Moisture and sunshine
  3. Rainfall and clouds cover
  4. Temperature and rainfall 
  5. Humidity and rainfall
Choose Answer :

(x) Mr. Limfuata had a chance to visit South-East Asia for a study tour and he experienced seasonal reverse of wind in the area. Identify the type of climate in the area.

  1.  Tropical maritime 
  2.  Tropical monsoon 
  3. Tropical continental 
  4.  Equatorial monsoon 
  5. Equatorial
Choose Answer :

2.  Match the descriptions of karst region features in Column A with the corresponding feature in Column B by writing the letter of the correct answer beside the item number in the answer booklet provided.

  1. The irregular gullies found on the limestone surface which separate limestone region.
  2. The vertical holes in the limestone ground through which rain water or river may disappear into the ground beneath.
  3. The round hollow on the surface of a limestone region. 
  4. The wide depression with a fairly flat floor in a limestone surface.
  5. The largest surface depression found in limestone region formed due to action of solution.
  1. Doline
  2. Clint 
  3. Swallow hole
  4. Polje
  5. Uvala
  6. Grike 
  7. Gorge
View Ans

SECTION B (55 Marks)

Answer all questions in this section.

3. Study the map extract of Mkomazi (Sheet 109/1) and then answer the following questions:

  1.  By using the given RF scale, measure the distance of river Pangani in kilometres from grid reference 910771 to 910826.
  2. View Ans

  3. Describe relief of the area.
  4. View Ans

  5.  With reasons, identify two types of rocks found in the map.
  6. View Ans

  7.  Name the major way used to show the height of the land in the mapped area.
  8. View Ans

  9. Using a vertical scale of lcm to represent 50m, draw an annotated cross section from grid reference 960820 to 910880 and mark Ruvu river basin and the main trucks.
View Ans

4.  Josi and Losi are selling school bags. They always record data of their retailing in a note book. Their friend Kosi is working in a supermarket as a store keeper and she told them about the simplest way of presenting data for a single variable against time. Kosi showed her friends the following table showing data of school bags received from 2001 to 2007. 









School Bags Received








  1. Name the two simplest ways of presenting the data.
  2. View Ans

  3.  Explain five advantages of presenting the data by simple methods mentioned in (a).
  4. View Ans

  5. Present the given statistical information by using simple graph.
View Ans

5. There was land conflict between villagers of Shangu and the Headmaster of Shangu Secondary School. The village Chairperson decided to invite a survey team who used chain/tape survey to determine the boundaries of the school compound.

(a) Describe five instruments they used in surveying the school compound. 

View Ans

(b) Explain three procedures they followed during the survey process.

View Ans

6.Lugano is studying in boarding school at Kigoma but his home place is in Kilosa District where he used to observe several conflicts between farmers and pastoralists. In his second week in school, he heard through the Radio that, a farmer was killed by the pastoralists in his home village. He decided to conduct research about the conflict.

  1.  Suggest the statement of the problem for his research.
  2. View Ans

  3. Identify two sources of that research problem.
  4. View Ans

  5.  Elaborate four possible research tools he would use during data collection.
  6. View Ans

  7. Explain three significance of conducting that research.
View Ans

   7. Carefully study the following photograph and answer the questions that follow:

  1.  What is the name of the dominant trees?
  2. View Ans

  3.  Name two land uses that might be suitable in the area.
  4. View Ans

  5.  Suggest three possible regions in Tanzania where the photograph might have been taken.
  6. View Ans

  7.  Describe relief features shown in the photograph.
  8. View Ans

  9. Briefly explain the formation of the relief feature found in the back ground.
View Ans

SECTION C (30 Marks)

Answer two (2) questions from this section.

8. Rose was talking with her grandmother who believes that the earths shape is flat like a table. By using six evidences, describe how Rose will prove to her grandmother that the earth is spherical.

View Ans

"Despite of the fact that, Hydro-Electric Power (HEP) is environmental friendly energy, it still has damaging effects on the environment". With six points, justify this statement.

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10.  Explain six factors which hinder rapid development of manufacturing industries in Tanzania.

View Ans

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