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THE UNITED REPUBLIC OF TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CERTIFICATE OF SECONDARY EDUCATION EXAMINATION
(For Both School and Private Candidates)
Time: 3 Hours Monday, 30thOctober 2017 p.m.
Answer all questions in this section
PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY
For each of the items (i) - (x), choose the correct answer from among the given alternatives and write its letter beside the item(s) number in the answer booklet(s) provided.
(i) The luminous body which provides energy to the solar system is
(ii) The earth’s layer which consists of sial and sima is called
(iii) Which of the following is the process of wearing down the rock surface by wind where the load becomes cutting tools?
(iv) The renewed power of erosion of a river is called.
(v)Prediction of the state of atmosphere in a region for 24 to 48 hours is known as
(vi) The process through which rain water enters the ground is called
(vii) The process of changing granite to gneiss rock is known as
(viii) Which of the following is another name for Savanna climate in Africa
(ix)The process of peeling off and falling of rock mass is called
(x)Which of the following are features of ocean floor?
2. Match the items in List A with the responses in List B by writing the letter of the corresponding response besides the item number in the answer booklet(s) provided.
(ii) Fine and light particles moved by wind.
(iii) Dissolved soluble minerals which are found in rocks by flowing river water.
(iv) Tearing away of blocks of rocks which have become frozen into the sides or bottom of a glacier.
(v) Swash carries pebbles and other rock fragments from the shore of the ocean.
3. (a) Define the term soil.
(b) Briefly explain four importance of soil to human life.
(c) Mention three sources of soil nutrients.
APPLICATION OF STATISTICS, INTRODUCTION TO RESEARCH AND ELEMENTARY SURVEYING
4. (a) Define compound bar graph.
(b) Study carefully the table below on hypothetical data about cash crops production (in ‘000 tonnes) in East Africa in the year 2000, then answer the questions that follow. Find this
(i) Draw compound bar graphs to represent the data provided.
(ii) Outline four merits of using compound bar graph.
5.(a) Describe the following research terms:
(b) (i) Define secondary data.
(ii) Give four merits of secondary data.
6. (a) Describe plane table survey.
(b) Explain five importance of plane table survey.
SECTION C (28 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
MAP READING AND PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
7. Carefully study the map extract of Arusha (Sheet 55/3) provided then answers the questions that follow.
8. Study carefully photograph provided then answer the questions that follows.
(a) Suggest the title of the photograph.
(b) (i)Name the type of forest seen in the photograph.
(ii) Give two characteristics of the forest named in (i).
(c) Outline three ways of interpreting the photograph given.
(d) (i) Identify the product in the middle ground of the photograph.
(ii) Give two uses of the product in the middle ground of the photograph.
SECTION D (20 MARKS)
Answer one (1) question from each part.
PART 1: REGIONAL FOCAL STUDIES
9. Explain seven ways of improving tourism industry in Tanzania.
10.Elaborate seven ways of managing industrial pollutants to the environment.
11. Describe five uses of population data to a country.
12. Explain six problems associated with expansion of cities in Tanzania.
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