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THE U NITED R EPUBLIC O F TANZANIA NATIONAL EXAMINATIONS COUNCIL
CERTIFICATE O F S ECONDARY E DUCATION E XAMINATION
013 G EOGRAPHY
(For B oth S chool a nd P rivate Candidates)
Time:3 Hours Wednesday, 02nd November 2016 p.m.
1. This paper consists of sections A, B, C and D.
2. Answer all questions in sections A, B and C and one (1) question from each part of section D.
3. Map extract of Hanang (Sheet 84/4) is provided.
4. Calculators and Cellular phones are not allowed in the examination room.
5. Write your Examination Number on every page of your answer booklet(s)
SECTION A (25 Marks)
Answer all questions in this section.
PHYSICAL AND MATHEMATICAL GEOGRAPHY
1. For e ach o f the i tems ( i) - ( x), c hoose t he correct answer from among the g iven a lternatives and write its letter in the a nswer booklet provided.
(i) The speed of the earth quake waves i n t he earth is c hanged at a line called
(ii) Liverpool team scored a goal at 5.00 pm in England (15° W). At what time the goal was scored in Dar es Salaam (45° E)?
(iii) The sun is overhead attropic of Capricorn every year on
(iv)Day reaches its maximum length on 21st June in
(v) Which of the following planets have small celestial bodies in orbit a round them?
(vi) Deposition of soil materials removed from one horizon to another is called
(vii) The excessive strong wind blowing across an extensive ocean surface is called
(ix) Rainfall that occurs when the air moves towards a hill or a mountain is called
(x) Mountains can be classified on the basis o f
(x) A channel diverging from the main river a nd flowing into the sea or a lake by a separate mouth is called
3. (a) Describe discordant drainage s ystem.
(b) Explain the process of river transport and describe four ways in which a river transports its load.
5. (a) Point out four objectives of doing research in Tanzania.
(b) Describe the following terms as used in research:
(i) Case study
(ii) Feasibility s tudy.
(iii) Participatory observation.
(iv) Research hypothesis.
(v) Research problem.
6. (a) Explain two major forms of measurements in land surveying.
(b) (i) Define leveling.
(ii) Explain four significances of leveling.
SECTION C (28 Marks)
MAP READING AND PHOTOGRAPH INTERPRETATION
7. Carefully study the map extract of Hanang (Sheet 84/4) provided and answer the following questions:
(a) Express the map scale as a statement.
(b) Find the bearing of grid reference 720220 to 680180.
(c) Giving three evidences from the map, suggest the climate of the mapped area.
(d) Suggest with evidence, five major economic activities which might take place in the area.
(e) Give four supportive contents of a topographical map provided.
(f) Mention three factors which affected the contents of the map given.
8. Study the photograph provided below and then answer the questions that follows:
(a) Name the type of photograph.
(b) Give three characteristics of the type of photograph in (a) above.
(c) Explain four possible factors which may cause the loss of biodiversity in the photograph.
(d) Give two economic importance of the area.
(e) In three points, describe the importance of the vegetation shown in the area.
SECTION D (20 Marks)
Answer one(1) question from each part.
PART 1: REGIONAL FOCAL STUDIES
9. Evaluate six factors that determine exploitation of minerals in a country.
10. Explain six factors that hinder development of river transportation in Africa.
PARTII: ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES, POPULATION AND SETTLEMENTS
11. Describe five measures to control floods to the environment.
12. Analyse eight problems associated with growth of urban settlement.
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